[[quoteright:250:[[Film/{{Gojira}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/HarukoNakajima-resized.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:250:The original Man In A Rubber Suit, Haruo Nakajima.]]

->''"MAN IN SUIT! MAN IN SUIT! MAN IN SUIT!"''
-->-- '''Harry Knowles''' of ''Ain't It Cool News'' on (classic) ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}}''

The single most important special effect of all time, bar none; the man in rubber suit technique was Hollywood's original go-to method (and still utilized extensively in {{Toku}}) for portraying the [[RubberForeheadAliens extra-terrestrial invader]], the experiment GoneHorriblyWrong, and [[EldritchAbomination the supernatural terror]] before computer generated effects were a twinkle in a programmer's eye. This is not to say that the method is perfect -- many a great riff has been made at the expense of the weaker displays of this technique -- but even at its lowest the man-in-suit still takes notoriety in the form of NarmCharm.

Note: Not necessarily made from rubber.

Compare PantomimeAnimal, RubberForeheadAliens. Not related to DressedAllInRubber.

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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Film]]
* Played to great effect in ''Film/{{Predator}}''. The original Predator costume was a rather goofy and awkward lizard; the crew asked for a new monster design very shortly after seeing the original. The designer decided to try something with mandibles...
* In the 1976 remake of ''Film/KingKong'', JeffBridges' character reacted to the plunderers' initial disbelief upon seeing the giant ape by saying "What do you think it was? A man in an ape suit?"... which is exactly what it looked like, because it was.
* The film adaptation of ''Film/{{Beowulf}}'' starring Christopher Lambert reimagined Grendel as a man in a rubber suit... with a clearly visible zipper ([[spoiler:it also reimagined Grendel's mother as a CuteMonsterGirl who would later prove to have flammable blood]]).
* ''Franchise/StarWars'': Original footage with Jabba the Hutt, who was actually a ludicrously complex puppet with two full-sized people inside his torso plus a midget in the tail and a team of offscreen operators for his eyes and facial expressions. Chewie and the Ewoks count as well.
* ''Franchise/{{Godzilla}}'' is an interesting case; Originally, Godzilla was to be animated in stop-motion, like ''TheBeastFrom20000Fathoms''. Eiji Tsuburaya informed the producers that the necessary scenes would take seven years to complete, so he was instead told to create the monster another way. He came up with a new plan: instead of splicing a tiny stop-motion model into live-action footage, make a realistic monster suit and build a set where everything is tiny compared to ''it.'' It worked.
** Applications of this method in the years after Tsuburaya's death in the Showa period turned out not to be as impressive, however... but they do have their [[NarmCharm charm]].
** There are even Microman figures released with rubber oversuits to turn them into Showa-style kaiju.
* ''Film/JurassicPark'' used men in (partial) suits for the ''Velociraptors'' in some shots.
** The raptor that walks to the fallen mercenary and plunges its claw into his back in [[Film/JurassicParkIII the third film]] was a man wearing raptor pants.
* Hyde (the EvilTwin of Dr. Jekyll) in ''Film/TheLeagueOfExtraordinaryGentlemen'' movie combines blue screen, forced perspective and a rubber suit so spectacularly obvious that, like much of the movie, it borders on SpecialEffectFailure. (And ''borders'' is a very generous term.)
* ''Film/CreatureFromTheBlackLagoon'' One of the earliest (perhaps THE earliest) representation of ''Gill-men'' used this way.
* The 1936 ''[[Film/FlashGordonSerial Flash Gordon]]'' serial may be the UrExample champeen, as it featured a man in a suit portraying a giant dragon some 18 years before Toho lit upon the idea.
* In the film ''TheBadAndTheBeautiful'', a director and a producer are assigned to make a low-budget horror film about cat men, who are supposed to be played by people in crappy suits. They declare that "five men dressed like cats look like five men dressed like cats", and they make the film without showing the monsters (a reference to the real classic horror film ''Film/CatPeople'').
* The 1957 movie ''Film/NightOfTheDemon'', directed with dark understated dread by veteran Jacques Tourneur, from a story by horror master Creator/MRJames, was considered by many to be undercut by ExecutiveMeddling insistence on a rubber-suit demon (showing up at the beginning, no less).
* Pearl (the grotesquely obese vampire) from ''Film/{{Blade}}''. It sounds like a grim kid's TV show.
* The Rodents Of Unusual Size from ''Film/ThePrincessBride''.
* The Thing was played by a rubber-suited stuntman in the ''Film/FantasticFour'' movies.
* The Xenomorph from ''Film/{{Alien}}''. They are [[NightmareFuel MUCH scarier]] than most people in rubber suits though because they have such a un-human like [[FreudWasRight head]] (which even requires [[http://static2.keptelenseg.hu/ep/774bc5d4d855561ecffeea27e72076d9.jpg lots of animatronics]]) and body that its hard to tell yourself they're just men in suits. Even more so in the first movie, where the alien was played by a [[EvilIsBigger 7FT 2INCHS TALL]], but [[LeanAndMean slender]]...student.
** The VFX supervisor who started playing the Alien in the third movie (including ''Film/AlienVsPredator'') [[http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0940430/?ref_=sr_2#actor_main made a career out of this.]]
* The ''Film/{{Hellboy}}'' series of movies (Both directed By Guillermo Del Toro) use this technique a lot, and to great effect. In fact, they almost always opt to minimize the use of CGI as much as possible. Granted though, their rubber suits are most often pretty damn advanced (containing heaps of animatronics and whatnot).
* This technique was used for the HumongousMecha sequences in the ''TekkoukiMikazuki'' film series.
* One early rubber-plus-animatronics example was 1959's ''Film/TheAlligatorPeople'', in which the transformed protagonist's final gator head had a working jaw. Still looked very fake, the moreso because he winds up interacting with an actual alligator.
* In ''Film/NightOfTheLepus' this is how the giant killer bunny rabbits are portrayed when they attack people. The suits...pretty much look nothing like giant bunnies.
* Used in the film ''TheLastDinosaur'', [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B619J7VeYAY here]].
* ''Film/UnknownIsland'' from 1948 for the Ceratosaurs did this. The Ground sloth was also a suit, but mostly fur and rubber mask.
* ''One Million B.C.'' has one rubber suit dinosaur amidst dozens of {{Slurpasaur}} dinosaurs.
* ''Film/TheLordOfTheRings'' produced record numbers of rubber suits, primarily for the various types of orcs but also for various other creatures, in fact the only characters who weren't either this or RubberForeheadAliens were the human roles. This trend has been somewhat subverted by the new Film/TheHobbit films due to their greater use of the SerkisFolk techniques.
* ''Film/TheChroniclesOfNarnia'': Like Lord of the Rings before it, the live action Narnia films were replete with rubber suits, although to accurately portray the leg structure of the hooved fauns, satyrs and minotaurs, cgi was used in addition to the physical costumes.
* ''Film/ThreeHundred'': Despite the extensive use of cgi, rubber suits were still used for deformed characters such as Ephialtes and the uber-immortal.
* The third ''PlanetOfTheApes'' film had a painfully obvious human in a gorilla suit who killed one of the apes at the zoo.
* A far more convincing gorilla example was Digit in ''GorillasInTheMist''.
* The Penguin in ''BatmanReturns'' has two species of tame penguins helping him. The large emperor penguins are portrayed by little people in suits, and it's very much possible to watch the entire film without catching this.
* Played with in ''TheLastMimzy''. At the beginning, the Scientist's lab gets attacked by two "alien" creatures that look like people in rubber suits. At the end, we learn that they ''were'' people in rubber suits. More specifically, they were people in all-enclosing protective suits because of the poisoned-beyond-repair environment. They shed their costumes [[ATruceWhileWeGawp when they see sunlight for the first time in ages]].
* As a love letter to every monster movie ever, ''Film/PacificRim'' gives this a nod. While the {{kaiju}} are all completely computer generated, they are designed in such a way that they could, conceivably, be played by a man in a rubber suit.
** Early on in the film, we see this trope played straight in a ShowWithinTheShow parodying the kaiju in-universe.

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[[folder: Comic Books]]
* In-Universe example in ''Comicbook/TheTransformers''. The Decepticon Skullgrin used his Pretender shell to become a star in monster films.
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[[folder:Literature]]
* In the novel ''Literature/ShamblingTowardsHiroshima'', the protagonist, Syms Thorley, is a BMovie actor who specializes in this kind of effects. He is employed by the US navy to dress up as a Franchise/{{Godzilla}} {{expy}} and destroy a scale model of Japan to avert the use of a real horde of gigantic, mutated iguanas.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/PrettyGuardianSailorMoon'' went through literally dozens of these as their [[MonsterOfTheWeek Monsters Of The Week]].
* ''Franchise/KamenRider'' is fond of people in rubber suits as well, though theirs tend to be a little more serious in comparison to Sentai.
** Justified in that a lot of the monsters are very intricately designed with a motif in mind and would be practically impossible to reasonably create without a lot of money. It should also be noted that the Heisei riders often have monsters that are CGI generated like Hibiki and Ryuki. This may have something to do with why recent series have had stories take place in two-part arcs -- half the monster suits to make.
** Of course the Riders themselves also apply. Of note is stuntman [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seiji_Takaiwa Seiji Takaiwa]], who's played ''every single main Kamen Rider'' since 2001's [[Series/KamenRiderAgito Agito]].[[note]]Except for [[Series/KamenRiderHibiki Hibiki]] who was played by Makoto Itou.[[/note]] During {{Crossover}}s, other actors have to play some of his roles, making them stunt doubles for a stuntman.
* The ''Franchise/UltraSeries'' thrives entirely on the design of ever more ''Crazyawesome'' rubber suits. This applies to both heroes and villains.
* ''Series/MadanSenkiRyukendo'', however, hops between rubber suits and CGI ones, such as a monster best described as a flying mood ring laser elephant.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'', too many times to mention. For his first-ever ''Doctor Who'' story (the second-ever for ''Doctor Who'' generally) Terry Nation invented the Daleks as a way to ''avert'' the PeopleInRubberSuits. They still had ''plungers'' for hands. His second story (the fifth aired on ''Doctor Who'') however already featured the Voord, literally, PeopleInRubberSuits. (Possibly. Perhaps the suits have fused with their actual bodies.)
** The Dalek storyline "The Dalek Invasion of Earth" (which capitalised on how un-rubber-suity the Daleks look) still contained a totally gratuitous encounter with one as a WackyWaysideTribe, which, curiously, is considered by fans to be the first true ''Doctor Who'' "monster" (the first non-humanoid, non-robotic adversary).
** At least once, in ''The Ark in Space'', the monster was actually made out of green bubble wrap - but considering that bubble wrap had only just been invented, the overall effect worked, if only for about five years after the episode's premiere. Supposedly the bubbles went 'pop-pop-pop' as the extras inched their way across stage reducing cast and crew to hysterics and the sound department to tears.
** It's not limited to rubber suits, either - the Krotons from the eponymous Second Doctor serial resemble walking cardboard boxes with a (sometimes spinning) cardboard diamond on top.
** The Zarbi (First Doctor, ''The Web Planet''): giant ''ants'' with two very, very humanoid legs.
** The Sensorites are people in velour suits, with visible zips.
** Scared of those new series Cybermen? The original Cybermen were guys in a balaclava and a (somewhat loose) catsuit, carrying plastic stuff suspenders-like. Plus a funnel on their heads. And a serious speech impediment. It actually worked; they were ''terrifying'' instead of being ridiculous.
** The Terileptil Leader from "The Visitation" is notable in that it's the first rubber-suit monster to feature animatronics inside the head, which allowed its gills to move and eyes to blink.
* ''Series/LostInSpace''
* ''Series/TheSarahJaneAdventures''. Like ''Series/DoctorWho'', except a smaller budget = less CGI + more people in rubber suits.
** [[LampshadeHanging Lampshaded]]:
--->'''Chrissie:''' I'm telling you; my ex-husband is being chased by a dwarf in a suit- now I've seen it all!
* ''Franchise/StarTrek'' mostly has RubberForeheadAliens, but some (the Gorn, for instance) play this trope straight. "Arena" became one of the most iconic episodes because of this.
** As time went on those species that were once men in suits were replaced by SerkisFolk. The Gorn appearance in ''Enterprise'' was all CGI, for example.
* ''Franchise/PowerRangers'', [[MonsterOfTheWeek once a week]] from 1993 to the present day. ''Franchise/SuperSentai'', from 1975 to the present, with the same rubber suits.
** Lampshaded in an episode of ''[[Series/PowerRangersDinoThunder Dino Thunder]]''. The PowerTrio were watching an episode of ''[[Series/BakuryuuSentaiAbaranger Abaranger]]'' (long story) when Connor complains that the MonsterOfTheWeek was obviously a man in a rubber suit. Kira just pointed out that it was no weirder than what they fought.
--->'''Conner:''' Oh come on! That is SO some guy in a rubber suit.
--->'''Ethan:''' No one said this was a documentary. Use your imagination.
--->'''Conner:''' Like anyone is gonna believe a combination of bear, mushroom, ATM monster.
--->'''Kira:''' Is it really stranger than any of the stuff we've been fighting?
* The Sleestaks from the ''Series/LandOfTheLost'' TV shows.
* Legion from ''Series/RedDwarf''.
* ''Series/TheXFiles''. Spoofed in "Jose Chung's ''From Outer Space''". Scully begins performing an autopsy on a [[TheGreys Grey Alien]] found dead in a field, only to find a zipper; it turns out to be a rubber suit. The video footage is edited and sold as a tape of an actual AlienAutopsy.
* ''Series/{{Andromeda}}'', with all the NarmCharm, couldn't pass up this trope. Some Magog even have visible zippers.
* Most of the dinosaurs in ''Series/{{Dinosaurs}}''. The rest, however, are played by hand puppets.
* ''Series/TheATeam'': In one episode, Hannibal is shown to be in a Franchise/{{Godzilla}} costume as part of a job. Also seen in the opening credits, without the headpiece on while smoking one of his iconic cigars.
* Spoofed in ''Series/{{Danger 5}}'' along with other NarmCharm cliches.
* In ''WalkingWithBeasts'', they originally wanted to portray the ''Australopithecus'' this way, but in the end chose {{CGI}} because of the different body proportions between humans and protohumans. However the sequel, ''Walking with Cavemen'' went back to the rubber suit approach. Both of these effects are generally regarded as the series' less stellar FX accomplishments.
* ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' had a few of these. "Reptile Boy" and "Bad Girls" are notable examples, though the lower halves of both demons weren't seen because one was in a tank of slime and the other a giant snake.
* ''Pig's Breakfast'' plays with this. Some alien's crash on earth (played by PeopleInRubberSuits) and are consequently mistaken for PeopleInRubberSuits due to appear on a children's tv show (because of the [=UFO=] sightings of them crashing). They prove to be so popular they end up getting a permanent gig [[HiddenInPlainSight hiding in plain sight]].
* The various Krofft Brothers productions, ranging from miscellaneous creatures (H.R. Pufnstuf) to an entire show of anthropomorphic hats ("Lidsville").
* [[FilmationsGhostbusters The Ghost Busters]], the live-action TV series, had Tracy the Gorilla in a ShoutOut to old-fashioned horror-comedies. Bob Burns, who played Tracy, got the part because he owned the gorilla suit!
* Influenced by the Kroffts, "Yo Gabba Gabba". They actually use several suits that come originally from the concerts given by the creators' band, the Aquabats (q.v. below).
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Done as a ShowWithinAShow segment on ''{{Doug}}''. Doug and his friends watched a horror movie where you didn't see the shapeshifting killer monster (in his real form at least) until the end of the movie. Doug was so scared that he closed his eyes and missed the scene. He started to suffer from nightmares afterwards, and reasoned that sitting through the whole scene with open eyes would make them go away, so he kept trying to see it but always ended up wimping out, until the final time, where he managed to not only see the monster, but laugh as it was an obvious rubber suit with a clearly visible zipper. When he mentioned this to his friends they all admitted that they had closed their eyes too.
* Lampshaded by the ''DuckDodgers'' cartoon, with a Godzilla-like monster called "Maninsuit".
* On ''TheFlintstones'', Fred got a job in a monster movie not as the monster, but as the stand-in for the actor playing the monster.
* [[ScoobyDoo Oh the ghost is here, it's a crook in a suit.]][[ScoobyDooHoax The ghost is here, he's protecting some loot.]]
* Owen from ''TotalDramaWorldTour'' dressed up as Godzilla for his team's commercial in Japan.
--> '''Alejandro:''' [[BadBadActing Oh nooo, a large, out-of-shape monsteeeer!]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Other]]
* During the Aquabats' live shows, they are attacked between songs by various rubber-suited monsters, in addition to obese luchadors and evil milk-men. At least one, Dr. Cyclops (who appears to be a giant, anthropomorphic dildo), went on to become a character in the creators' kids show, Yo Gabba Gabba.
* A very curious example is Dr. Dale Russel's "thought experiment", the [[http://darrennaish.blogspot.com/2006/11/dinosauroids-revisited.html Dinosauroid]]. Revised versions look even less humanoid.
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mHl6QkC9__8 Some very ambitious LARP players.]]
* In every main-series iteration of ''VideoGame/WingCommander'' after II, the Kilrathi. Series creator Chris Roberts was NEVER happy with their appearance.
* The one-panel NewspaperComic ''{{Bizarro}}'' once showed a newscaster announcing, "The city is being attacked by an enormous Japanese actor in a rubber suit!" and sure enough, it's recognizably Godzilla ravaging the background.
* In an early music video ("Elephant Parts", 1981), [[TheMonkees Mike Nesmith]] is wearing the bottom half of a rubber suit while singing "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eRmQp19Ga8U Her Name Was Rodan]]".
* Even the noise scene has these: California duo [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3tRdeZpV1EQ Rubber O Cement]] has made it a prominent aspect of their stage presence.
* The WebComic/YuGiOhCardGameGustoFanComic frequently depicts the [[http://www.pixiv.net/member_illust.php?mode=medium&illust_id=22148805 Synchro-Summoned Mist Wurm]] as Caam wearing the Mist Wurm Suit.
[[/folder]]

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