->''"Now the jury found me guilty,\\
then says the judge, says he,\\
Oh for life, Jim Jones,\\
I'm sending you across the stormy sea."''
-->-- "Jim Jones", traditional

What to do with criminals is a problem for societies real and fictional. One common solution in times past and perhaps [[RecycledInSpace future]] is the Penal Colony. This is a self-contained society consisting mostly of prisoners and those who guard them, usually separated from the civilized world by natural barriers in addition to (or instead of) prison walls; this can often be a remote island far out in the ocean, or some piece of land in the middle of nowhere, but in science fiction it may be a whole [[UpToEleven Prison Planet]] whose [[PlanetOfHats Hat]] is an orange jumpsuit.

Typically the prisoners will be required to do some sort of hard and dangerous labor; [[WeWillUseManualLaborInTheFuture mining is a favorite]] in science fiction. If the colony is isolated, loosely controlled, or has no guards at all, it will resemble a WretchedHive, with the prisoners more or less running the place.

The Penal Colony can be a rich source of story ideas; if you're recruiting for a RagtagBunchOfMisfits, you might do it here. [[LaResistance Revolutionary leader]] captured by TheEmpire and sent here? They may have to fight their way to the top of the prison hierarchy, then arrange an escape. Need a source of [[AssholeVictim people you can dispose of without anyone caring]]? [[Film/Alien3 Have your Xenomorph invade the Penal Colony]]. Is the place too loosely supervised? If so, it may become a base of operations for a crime lord.

These jails are often a type of HellholePrison. Compare WretchedHive and DeathWorld (which may be what separates the Penal Colony from civilization). Particularly inescapable ones can overlap with TheAlcatraz or PhantomZone. Often related to SettlingTheFrontier. See also ReassignedToAntarctica. The SuperTrope to SentencedToDownUnder, which is specifically the old British practice of sending their convicts to UsefulNotes/{{Australia}} way back in the 19th century.


[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* Hecatonchires in ''Manga/OutlawStar''
* [[ElegantGothicLolita Lutecia]] gets sent to a prison planet after the events of ''Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaStrikers''. [[LuxuryPrisonSuite Though it's a very nice prison planet]] (the Takamachi family ''takes a vacation there'' in ''[[Manga/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaViVid ViVid]]''), which led to this exchange between her and a visiting [[PlayingWithFire Agito]] in ''Audioplay/StrikersSoundStageX''.
--> '''Agito:''' You know, this place is really great.\\
'''Lutecia''': You mean you can't see that it's a criminal deportation world?\\
'''Agito''': That's not what I mean. It's not a penal colony. [[BlackmailIsSuchAnUglyWord It's a world that people are currently adapting and developing]].
* The ''Manga/ExcelSaga'' manga had one that Excel and Elgala were shipped off to. An island for women prisoners where they'd lose out to their feral instincts in a savage world with no hope of escape, and probably some sexual harassment. Excel and Elgala escaped during the boat ride there, although they got attacked by sharks and whirlpools in the process.
* The Abh wind up conquering one of these in ''[[LightNovel/CrestOfTheStars Banner of the Stars II]]''. Lafiel is put in charge of figuring out what to so with the inhabitants, much to her displeasure, specifically the guards and some of the female prisoners who want ''off''.
* In ''Anime/GunXSword'', Endless Illusion was originally a prison world. [[spoiler: The Original Seven were used by the heads of security, and the Claw was once one of those in charge. He's also the last person who remembers the details.]]
* Chimera in ''Manga/JyuOhSei'' is a prison planet, [[spoiler: or at least that's what the powers that be want people to believe. In actuality, it's a testing ground for breeding a new variety of humans hardy enough to survive in that star system.]]
* One of these exists at the beginning of the Filler Arc in ''{{Naruto}}'' [[spoiler: The corrupt teacher from waaaay back at the start of the series is there, and he's been experimenting with spells that could best be described as the wizarding-ninja equivalent of steroids. He gets out, and Naruto and the other Leaf Ninja have to stop him.]]
* ''Anime/GuyDoubleTarget'' has Heel as the warden of the Prison Planet Geo in which women are used as sex slaves for male prisoners as a reward.
* The eponymous ''Manga/DeadmanWonderland'' is a combination penal colony and amusement park where prisoners work off their sentences by maintaining the park and entertaining visitors.
* In ''Anime/CrossAnge'', people who cannot use mana, [[AntiMagic Norma]], are sent to Arzenal, a penal military base, where they are forced to fight [[=DRAGONs=]] invading from a different dimension.

[[folder: Comic Books]]
* The PhantomZone from ''Comicbook/{{Superman}}'' is another prison dimension.
* The Mines of Titan and the various Cursed Earth work farms in ''ComicBook/JudgeDredd'' that are used for various offenders.
* Takron-Galtos, the ComicBook/LegionOfSuperHeroes' favorite dumping ground for cosmic baddies.
* ''Comicbook/SonicTheHedgehog'' has the Devil's Gulag, a prison built on top of a mountain top. However, two breakouts have lead to the prison being abandoned.
* The British 1980's science fiction comic ''Starblazer'' had a number of these.
** Issue 7 "Holocaust Hogan". Zeta-9 was the main colony in use by Earth forces. It held a large number of hardened criminals and was protected by a detachment of guard ships.
** Issue 52 "The Mask of Fear". Milo's World had a moon called the Alpha Moon Death colony, which was used to exile political prisoners who harvested radioactive ore under horrendous working conditions.
** Issue 57 "Galactic Lawman". The planet Mynos has a penal colony made up of prisoners from the planet Tara. The criminals are forced to perform hard labor and are brutally treated by the guards.
** Issue 61 "Escape from Devil's Moon". The planet Catraz (AKA Devil's Moon) has a human penal colony with harsh working conditions. Catraz has no atmosphere and the colony is next to a nuclear waste dump.
** Issue 100 "Pirates of the Ether Sea)". The planet Pavo's polar regions house a penal colony for the dictator's political enemies.
** Issue 110 "The Tomb of Tara". The penal asteroid Gog is subject to blistering heat from a nearby sun which that quickly kills the convicts performing hard labor there.
** Issue 208 "Planet of the Dead". The planet Devil's Island's population is made up of criminals. It's monitored by a law enforcement battle station in orbit but the prisoners are mostly left to their own devices.
** Issue 221 "Beastworld". Tannadize 4 is very similar to Devil's Island above: the prisoners are left unsupervised but are watched by an orbital police post on one of the world's three moons.
* [[ComicBook/MetabaronsUniverse The Incal]] has one on water, and it's seemingly without any land or infrastructure, leaving one to wonder how prisoners are supposed to survive on it at all. Though in fairness [[spoiler:it turns out to be a cover for a secret base.]]
* ''ComicBook/BitchPlanet'' is set on a prison planet [[GirlsBehindBars for women]].
* ''ComicBook/{{Kaijumax}}'' is set in a prison for giant movie monsters, which is open-air by necessity given the size of the inmates. In practice, it closely resembles an ordinary supermax in terms of culture, including gangs separated along racial lines (aliens, cryptids, robots, etc)
* In ''ComicBook/SerenityLeavesOnTheWind'' Zoe is sent to a prison camp on a desert planet where the {{terraform}}ing didn't take. The camp doesn't need walls--anybody who runs away will die in the desert--and the guards are purely symbolic and don't bother intervening in inmate brawls.
* Alphatraz is a prison planet in ''ComicBook/PlanetTerry'' where nobody escapes...because the prisoners are in charge of it and have turned it into a luxury prison.

* ''Fanfic/MyLittleUnicorn'': Starfleet uses entire ''planets'' as prisons!
* ''Fanfic/TheConversionBureauTheOtherSideOfTheSpectrum'' reveals that the TCB!Crystal Empire was converted into one of these. It's an utter HellholePrison, and the Crystal Ponies and any other (suspected or otherwise) political dissidents dumped off there are forced to mine for crystals and other raw materials all day, all the while they're kept under complete media blackout to keep them more scared of humanity than of [[GodSaveUsFromTheQueen Queen Celestia]]. Much of the ''Shades of the Unsung'' side story takes place there, and it's revealed there are also some very disturbing experiments going on, and the [[WardensAreEvil Warden]] has it in for the main characters (which is not completely unjustified, as they're planning a GreatEscape).

* Butcher Bay and Crematoria in ''Film/TheChroniclesOfRiddick''
* Creator/JetLi's ''Film/TheOne'' featured a prison dimension.
* ''Film/{{Star Trek VI|TheUndiscoveredCountry}}'' had the Klingon prison planet Rura Penthe.
* New York and Los Angeles from ''Film/EscapeFromNewYork'' and ''Film/EscapeFromLA''
* Fiorina "Fury" 161 from ''Film/Alien3'', a distant planet home to a remote prison facility full of hardened convicts, such as murderers and rapists. [[TheHero Ellen Ripley]] crash-lands here after the events of the [[{{Film/Aliens}} previous movie]], and has no choice but to cooperate for survival with the local guards and inmates, while yet another Xenomorph runs rampant through the place.
* ''Film/JudgeDredd''. Mega City 1's criminals were sent to Aspen Penal Colony to serve out their sentences.
* Re-Ed Camp 47 in the ozploitation film ''Film/TurkeyShoot''.
* In Australian Westerns ''Film/NedKelly'', ''Film/MadDogMorgan'', ''Film/TheOutlawMichaelHowe'', ''Film/CaptainThunderbolt'', and ''Film/VanDiemensLand'' the convicts all spend time as slave laborers.

* This is the convenient use for the levels below the Net in David Wingrove's ''Literature/ChungKuo.''
* Salusa Secundus in ''Franchise/{{Dune}}'' was one of these.
** Originally it was the imperial capital, but then a rogue house nuked it and it became a DeathWorld on par with Arrakis.
** Also the emperor's [[SuperSoldier Sardaukar]] were recruited from that planet, the harsh conditions supposedly toughened them up.
* In ''[[Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire A Song of Ice and Fire]]'', The Night's Watch has devolved into this, with it consisting mostly of people who faced the option of death or going to the Wall.
* In Peter Hamilton's ''Literature/TheNightsDawnTrilogy'', serious criminals were suitably equipped with survival gear, and then sent on a one-way trip to the surface of a penal planet, where they would be effectively cut off from all modern (and indeed, not so modern) benefits of human civilisation, and left to fend for themselves for the rest of their lives.
* This is where one of Kafka's short stories ("In the Penal Colony") takes place. The focus of the story, however, is on an upcoming execution....
* The planet Hades in ''[[Literature/HonorHarrington Echos of Honor]]'', from which Honor engineers a mass escape.
* The planet Dagoola IV in ''Literature/TheBordersOfInfinity'' is a POW colony, from which Miles engineers a mass escape.
* Creator/RobertAHeinlein:
** In ''Literature/TheMoonIsAHarshMistress'', part of the moon was a penal colony, but the Authority running the place treated the whole thing as such.
** In ''Literature/ForUsTheLiving'', offenders who refuse "treatment" (or psychological reprogramming to cure them of the desire to commit their crime again) are sent to live in Coventry - a penal colony which is basically lawless exile.
** A detailed portrayal of "Coventry" is given in the short work of the same name.
** The "Marsmen" of ''Literature/PodkayneOfMars'' are descended form prison colonists.
* In ''The Sardonyx Net'' there is a prison planet called Chabad.
* Camp Green Lake in ''Literature/{{Holes}}'', which is a camp entirely surrounded by desert.
* Creator/JackChalker's ''Four Lords of the Diamond'' series features four planets which serve as penal colonies, each with a unique cutthroat society.
* The [[IDontLikeTheSoundOfThatPlace marvellously named]] planet Despayre in ''Franchise/StarWarsLegends'', the original construction site for the Death Star ([[Literature/DeathStar and the first casualty of the Death Star superlaser]]). There are also others that tend to end up in this kind of role, such as the spice mines of Kessel.
* In J. K. Rowling's ''Literature/HarryPotter'' series, Azkaban, the wizard prison, was such an example, being an island in the middle of the North Sea. As it was run by dark creatures who eventually let the prisoners escape it was a cardboard prison.
* The Literature/CoDominium universe has several, notably Haven and Tanith, but nearly every colony that isn't fortunate enough to have a nationalist patron gets [[strike:convicts and dissidents]] "involuntary transportees" dumped on them whenever Earth feels like it.
* Botany in the ''Literature/{{Catteni}}'' books. The similarities to the settlement of Australia are numerous and explicit.
* "A Planet Named Shayol" by Creator/CordwainerSmith took place on a very unusual prison planet.
* In Creator/SergeyLukyanenko's ''Literature/SeekersOfTheSky'', the Isles of Sorrow are a penal colony where the condemned mine iron for the rest of their lives (usually, pretty short thanks to the conditions).
* The setting of ''Literature/APlanetCalledTreason'' is a penal planet for the leaders of a rebellion and their descendants. [[MetalPoorPlanet A lack of metal]] keeps the inhabitants on the surface while the rest of the galaxy profits from their otherwise advanced technology which is offered up for pittances of metal.
* In the ''Literature/GreenSkyTrilogy'', the underground caves beneath the Wissenroot were initially used for those who wanted the next generation to know about humanity's dark past. Eventually, it became used to exile those who opposed the Ol-Zhaan, with a nasty lie to their relatives that the exile was devoured by monsters. The exiles and their descendants became the Erdlings.
* Austar IV, the setting of the ''Literature/PitDragonChronicles'', is a desert planet that was originally used as a penal colony.
* And in ''Literature/BraveNewWorld'', many dissidents are sent to various islands.
* In Creator/HarryHarrison's ''Literature/TheStainlessSteelRat Sings the Blues'', the protagonist Jim is sent to a prison planet to retrieve an alien artifact ([[spoiler:actually, it's from the future]]). He is injected with a slow-acting poison that will kill him unless he returns with the object within 30 days.
* In the ''Literature/ChildrenOfSteel'' universe the Tri-Star corporation maintains an asteroid mine where troublesome 'morphs are incarcerated. There's an on-site bordello where those criminal morphs considered too delicate for the mines are employed, for instance Dialene after her original captain tried to play pirate.
* Enabled by the generally {{casual interstellar travel}} and thus seen on various occasions in the ''Literature/PerryRhodan'' setting. How bad they get depends on the regime running them -- at the benevolent end of the spectrum one might see relatively civilized involuntary exile with the inhabitants left to their own devices as long as they make no trouble, while the other extreme may be plausibly exemplified by the Empire of Tradom with its [[WeWillUseManualLaborInTheFuture propensity for using slave labor]] regardless of trivialities like economic sense and at least one whole planet set aside dedicated solely to ''torture''. (Somewhat justified in that its ultimate authorities turned out to be a small clique of quasi-immortal {{emotion eater}}s who fed on suffering.)
* ''Literature/{{Papillon}}'', a memoir written by Henri Charrière, an inmate of the French Guiana prison colony.
* One of these crops up in ''[[LightNovel/CrestOfTheStars Banner of the Stars II]]''. A single continent on a planet has been terraformed and divided in three roughly equal sections for prisoners to reside with a smaller section for the guards. What to do with the place when the Abh conquer becomes a rather complicated issue and female lead Lafiel is rather unhappy to have the whole mess dumped in her lap.
* The ''Literature/DredChronicles'' are technically set on a PrisonShip, but the fact that it doesn't go anywhere and doesn't have cells (or human guards) means that it essentially functions as a prison colony in space.
* ''Hawksbill Station'' (''The Anvil of Time'' in the UK), by Creator/RobertSilverberg, takes place at the eponymous penal colony somewhere on earth in the Precambrian era. There is no supervision, nor any significant life outside the oceans, just a number of male political dissidents exiled by one-way time travel.
* Velant/Edgeland in ''Literature/TheAscendantKingdomsSaga'' is a pocket of civilization on the rocky coast of a glaciated wasteland in the far north, populated by convicts and their guards and existing to export rubies and herring back to the Kingdom of Donderath, forty days' sail to the south. If a convict survives three years' hard labor in the ruby mines, they earn a Ticket of Leave that lets them settle in and around Bay-town and find gainful employment, but they can still never return to Donderath. The guards are worse than the inmates: it's noted that they're mainly Donderan soldiers who had the choice between Velant and the hangman, whereas the inmates are mostly petty criminals (e.g. thieves) or more rarely murderers of {{Asshole Victim}}s, since the really heinous criminals are usually executed rather than transported.
* ''Literature/TheCrimsonShadow'': The mines near Montfort, where many dwarves have been sentenced to hard labor.
* In ''Literature/MidnightRobber: New Half-Way Tree is a world in another dimension, accessible directly from the planet Toussaint, and is where Toussaint ships all its worst criminals.

[[folder: Live Action TV]]
* Captain Dylan Hunt and ''Series/{{Andromeda}}'' had to escape from one in the episode "A Rose in the Ashes".
** The planet was specifically chosen for the abundance of alkali metals in its soil, preventing the inmates from farming, forcing them to rely on the guards for food. Fortunately, alkali metals are perfect for recharging Rommie's batteries.
* ''Series/BlakesSeven '' had Cygnus Alpha.
* ''Series/GameOfThrones'': What the three castles of the Night's Watch are. Criminals fill a good portion of the ranks as they picked joining the watch over execution. The rest are low-ranking highborn sons, bastards of nobles, or those who fought on the losing side of a war.
* The ''Series/{{Space 1999}}'' episode "Devil's Moon" had a prison moon.
* ''Franchise/StarTrek'':
** Kirk made Ceti Alpha V into a prison planet for Khan in ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'' episode "[[Recap/StarTrekS1E22SpaceSeed Space Seed]]". That episode become the basis for ''Film/StarTrekIITheWrathOfKhan''.
** A penal colony in New Zealand was shown in the pilot ''[[Series/StarTrekVoyager Voyager]]'' episode, where Tom Paris was put after being captured while working for [[TheResistance the Maquis]].
** The "Whom Gods Destroy" episode of the Original Series centres around a penal colony for the criminally insane, the Elba II asylum.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** Desperus ine "The Daleks' Masterplan".
** In "Frontier In Space", the Doctor is sent to one on the Moon.
** The ultimate example from that show, though, may be Shada, prison planet of the Time Lords.
** Varos in "Vengeance on Varos" is a former penal colony, which goes a long way to explaining why it is such a WretchedHive in the present.
** After the Doctor and Jack attempt to interrupt a DeadlyGame in "Bad Wolf", the guards declare they will be sent to a lunar penal colony without trial or appeal. They proceed to kick the guards' asses and break out in less than a minute.
* In ''Series/TheTimeTunnel'' episode "Devil's Island'', the time travelers arrive on the French penal colony of Devil's Island just as new prisoners arrive. They are mistaken for two of the prisoners who have escaped and are imprisoned in their stead. The other prisoners are not interested in escape until [[WronglyAccused Captain Alfred Dreyfus]] arrives on the island.
* The heroes of ''Series/StargateSG1'' seem to wind up in these with alarming frequency.
** One of these was a world where the gate had no dialing device, although, if you happen to find a power source, you can just dial manually.
*** TO be fair, the jailers probably made sure no advanced technology was available on this world. Who knew someone would develop [[spoiler:plant-based cold fusion]]?
* ''Series/BuckRogersInTheTwentyFifthCentury'' had Buck visit a world which seemed at first like a charming pastoral community. Then you find out that they aren't this low-tech voluntarily...
* The entire city of San Francisco, in one episode of ''Series/{{Sliders}}''.
* A variation in ''Series/FirstWave'', where [[DefectorFromDecadence Joshua]], after being exposed as a human sympathizer, is punished by being put into a specially-designed pocket dimension that exists in a never-ending GroundhogDayLoop with Joshua never retaining any memories of the past iterations. The loop lasts for about half-an-hour an involves Joshua racing against the clock to prevent the Gua from blowing up Earth after their AlienInvasion is thwarted, all the while evading human authorities on the lookout for Gua and their sympathizers. The "gulag", as he calls it, appears to be run by a computer that always counters Joshua's attempts. The only reason it starts to fail is when [[TheChosenOne Cade]] enters the "gulag" to get Joshua out, causing memories of previous iterations to bleed through. After they manage to succeed and get out, Cain (Joshua's EvilTwin, or rather another Gua using a cloned husk/body from the same template) gets stuck in the gulag himself, with the setting updating to punish him (he has to forever chase Cade without being able to capture him).
* One episode of ''Series/BattlestarGalactica1978'' featured an asteroid penal colony that had gotten lost in the shuffle of the Thousand-Yahren War some generations before the start of the series. The prisoners are the descendants of the original convicts sent there, ditto for the guards. The locks on the cells haven't worked in ages; People stay where they are because of being stuck in a rut. The guards, lacking real training and conviction, would not be able to stop a prisoner from escaping if one really tried. By chance, Starbuck ends up in a cell there, and the mold is broken; he escapes easily and manages to summon the fleet to his location, and with the arrival of Commander Adama the colony is closed and the prisoners' sentences commuted.
* On ''Series/{{Colony}}'', anyone found guilty of crimes against the occupation are shipped off to "The Factory", which is eventually revealed to be a forced labor camp [[spoiler: on the Moon]].
** Season 2 shows that there are other labor camps kept outside the walls of the occupied cities, which are seen as a step below the Factory on the punishment scale.
* ''Series/AmericanGods2017'': "A Prayer for Mad Sweeney" highlights how the Thirteen Colonies were once used this way for convicts from Britain, with the story of Essie [=McGowan=].


* Music/SteelyDan's "Sign In Stranger" (from ''The Royal Scam'') is apparently about one of these. It seems to be entirely run by the inmates and has devolved into a lawless WretchedHive.
* "Jim Jones at Botany Bay", a traditional Australian folk ballad, [[CoveredUp today probably best known for being sung by]] Music/BobDylan or for its inclusion in ''VideoGame/SidMeiersAlphaCentauri''.
** In a similar vein the Irish ballad "The Fields Of Athenry" ends with the male character being shipped off to Botany Bay for the crime of stealing corn from Lord Trevalyan to feed his starving family.

[[folder: Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' has Penal Colonies, most of which have a toxic atmosphere. Some are used for mining others are just used to hold the people. They are also used for recruitment into Penal Legions which are sent on missions too dangerous for normal troopers or ones which need the people who did it to be executed afterwards.
** Of particular note is Deliverance, the penal colony moon of the planet Kiavahr where the Raven Guard Primarch Corax landed in his stasis pod. Corax organised the prisoners to overthrow their harsh and uncaring warders and take over the colony, before conquering Kiavahr itself and founding his own small empire. Eventually the facility was converted into his Space Marine chapter's headquarters, the Ravenspire.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Traveller}}''
** One prison planet is actually named [[MeaningfulName Torment]]. It's a poor, low-population, non-industrial world in the Darrian subsector of the Spinward Marches. It holds the most incorrigible criminals, whose violent tendencies are considered impossible to cure. The planet is bitterly cold and barren, with only one central village of convicts. The prisoners must work in mining and industry to pay for the importation of sufficient food to survive. The prison is run by a hierarchy of criminals who require obedience from their fellow prisoners.
** Classic Adventure 4 ''Leviathan''. Gorgon is a planet of exile in the Egryn subsector of the Spinward Marches. It has several hundred prisoners from the Belgardian Sojourn society on the planet Belgard. Life is very harsh, with constant high velocity winds. The exiles live in a prison society that mines copper, zinc, palladium, silver and tin.
** Classic supplement Alien Module 6 ''Solomani''. During the reign of the Solomani Autonomous Region, all of the malcontents and criminals of the Ultima subsector were sent to the planet Iddamakur, turning it into a Prison Planet dumping ground.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Alternity}}'''s ''TabletopGame/StarDrive'' setting. The prison planet of Lucullus, in the Verge. A former Union of Sol penal colony, it overthrew the remnant of the colonial government during the Second Galactic War.
* ''It Came from the Late, Late Show II'' adventure "Bjorn on the Bayou, or Escape from Alkatrazz XII". Alkatrazz XII is a prison planet with a population of 10,000, which is mostly made up of the prisoners and their robot guards. Warden Skrank is sadistic and corrupt, and his bodyguard Jorj is strong but stupid.

* ''Theatre/SweeneyToddTheDemonBarberOfFleetStreet'': Benjamin Barker was sent to Botany Bay in Australia on false charges because the judge who sentenced him wanted his wife for himself. He escaped and returned to London under a new name: Sweeney Todd.

[[folder: Video Games]]
* In ''CrimeCities'', the penal colony occupies a three planet star system, with criminals contained because hyperdrive unit construction is a well kept secret and drives are available in-system. Prisoners are distributed among the three planets according to how violent they are, based on the minimum, medium and maximum ratings. As part of a conspiracy, research for hyperdrive technology is occurring on the most violent planet.
* The prison stations orbiting Planet [[FantasyCounterpartCulture Houston]], and, to a lesser extent, Houston itself in ''VideoGame/{{Freelancer}}''.
* The penal colony in which the game ''VideoGame/{{Gothic}}'' is set. It is separated from the rest of the world by a magical barrier.
* ''VideoGame/PlanetAlcatraz'' is set on a planet-wide penal colony called Seaman's Silence (a nod to an actual detention facility in Moscow by that name). Convicts with life sentences are dropped here on landing pods (which might not even land safely) and left to fend for themselves. The player takes command of an Imperial SpaceMarine sent there as a prisoner to locate and destroy a ship being constructed in secret by the prisoners. The player starts with nothing and much make his way up the prison food chain in order to accomplish his mission. On the way, he finds the rest of his squad, separated during the landing. The prison is heavily inspired by RealLife Russian penal colonies, although ExecutiveMeddling has reduced the amount of violence, racism, and gay sex to ''slightly'' more appropriate levels and has introduced female [=NPCs=] (despite the vehement protests of the lead writer Creator/DmitryPuchkov, a former cop) as sex-slaves smuggled onto the male-only planet. Despite these changes, the game is still largely un-marketable in the Western world due to the content.
* ''Franchise/StarWarsLegends'':
** Oovo IV in various games, which also serves as a podracing track.
** ''VideoGame/StarWarsTheOldRepublic'' brings us Belsavis, which was a prison planet for more surprisingly, the Republic, rather than the Imperials.
** The aforementioned Kessel is featured in ''VideoGame/RogueSquadron''.
* The Isle of Despair in ''VideoGame/ArcanumOfSteamworksAndMagickObscura''.
* In ''VideoGame/MystV'', one of the ages you go to is a prison age. Back in old D'ni society, hardened criminals were shipped off to prison ages; one-way linking books to harsher worlds. There was no way out without help from the outside. The D'ni criminals were left to their own devices on prison ages; they formed their own societies.
* ''VideoGame/StarCraft'':
** ''VideoGame/StarCraftI'''s backstory states that the entire human presence in the Koprulu Sector started out as a penal colony, with a large number of criminals and undesirables simply shipped off of Earth into unknown space. The modern Terran Confederacy and Dominion are their descendants. Earth forces do show up in ''Brood War'' to take control, and eventually get stomped flat by the continuous conflict in the region.
** New Folsom in ''VideoGame/StarCraftIIWingsOfLiberty'' is a volcanic world where the Dominion keeps everyone from political prisoners to psychotic psychic operatives. If you choose to side with Tosh he and Raynor's Raiders bust it open in an afternoon. Granted they have access to tactical nukes.
* Gellix, a minor ice world in ''VideoGame/MassEffect3'', was used as a penal colony by the Systems Alliance from 2161, but was shut down in 2179 after racking up the worst prison safety record ever.
* In ''VideoGame/InfiniteSpace'', Skantzoura in the SMC and Lari and Belgirate in the LMC are planets or asteroids used as large prisons, specializing in dangerous or political prisoners.
* In ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamCity'', the titular city run by Hugo Strange is this, with all of Gotham's criminals, insane or not, tossed in to die with minimal support from the outside. Naturally it devolves into a WretchedHive[=/=]HellHolePrison mix almost instantly.
* Wraeclast in ''VideoGame/PathOfExile'' is the main setting of the game. Criminals from the island nation of Oriath are exiled to this continent for crimes big or small and are expected to fend off its deadly creatures, undead, and other exiles gone insane.
* The Outcasts from ''VideoGame/MiddleEarthShadowOfMordor'' are a variation. They are descended from [[PrisonersWork prisoners used to construct the Black Gate]], once the gate was finished the prisoners made a break for it into {{Mordor}} with the guards not stopping them as it just meant they were out of their hair. The prisoners eventually made a life for themselves and became their own culture.

[[folder: Web Comics]]
* A minor running gag in ''Webcomic/TheInexplicableAdventuresOfBob'' is that the [[SpacePirates Pirates of Ipecac]] don't want to be sent to the Lint Mines of Dustworld. "The dust bunnies! Shudder!"
* The Eye in ''Webcomic/TheLydianOption'' is a self-contained asteroid prison with few rules - the guards rarely intervene in fights between prisoners unless directly threatened.
* In ''Webcomic/SchlockMercenary'', Petey seems to be turning the Andromeda Galaxy into one for the more aggressive races from the Milky Way to make themselves useful. It's commented upon in at least one strip, as is his resemblance to a koala.
* The colony of Dariy'ako in ''Webcomic/{{Drowtales}}'' is one of these, and is populated either by political prisoners or people who are unable to pay tribute to the ruling Sharen clan are sent.

[[folder: Web Original]]
* Penal colonies feature a fair amount in ''Literature/LookToTheWest''. After the American colonies object to being used as one (which was TruthInTelevision before the American Revolutionary War in our timeline), Britain switches to using Newfoundland and Michigan, and later West Africa. France meanwhile uses French Guiana and Russia uses Siberia, which they also did in RealLife.
* ''TabletopGame/TechInfantry'' had the Federation penal colony in the R45 system, which was also a DeathWorld.

[[folder: Western Animation]]
* In the ''{{WesternAmination/Ben 10}}'' series, the dimension known as the "Null Void" is used by many alien civilizations to dump their criminals. Kevin was once sent there before he reformed and became one of the good guys.

[[folder: Real Life]]
* UsefulNotes/{{Australia}} was famously used as a penal colony by the British for eighty years (1788-1868), after losing access to their North American penal colonies due to American independence. Notably Brisbane was actually founded as a double-plus-penal colony, for transported convicts who committed crimes ''again'' while in Australia. This forms the basis of the SentencedToDownUnder trope.
* Allegedly many deportees to Australia attempted to escape by walking across the massive deserts in the interior, in the belief that China, and freedom, lay just over the horizon; apparently they died of thirst and heat exhaustion in the desert (more probably this tale was invented by the authorities to explain the low number of deportees who survived to the end of their sentence; it sounded better than "died from overwork, starvation or total lack of sanitation" or "beaten to death by sadistic guards")
* In the previous century, before discovery of Australia and with minimal North American colonies, Cromwell prevented further dissent in post-Civil War Britain by exiling dissenters and extremists [[note]]Those who wanted a fully-fledged English Revolution to eliminate 'all'' nobility and not just the king; who demanded equality, redistribution of land, universal suffrage, universal education, and other seditious things[[/note]] to the West of Ireland, then seen as a sufficiently remote penal colony. English exiles married into the Irish, were assimilated as Irish, and bequeathed English names like Smith, Higgins and [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles Adams]] to Ireland. [[note]]As well as descendants like Simon Bolivar and Bernardo O'Higgins, who freed South America from the Spanish. Or Gerry Adams in the North.[[/note]]
* [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast Devil's Island]] in French Guiana. Modernly famous for the memoir ''Literature/{{Papillon}}'' written by inmate Henri Charrière (later a Steve [=McQueen=] film of the same name).
** Côn Sơn Island in French Indochina.
* {{The Gulag}}s of Siberia and other remote places (the Arctic north, Sakhalin) were used this way by the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, the major industrial cities of Norilsk, Vorkuta, and Magadan all started out as Gulags.
** Penal colonies are still a type of prison in the Russian penal systems, with a rather lax security regime supplemented by being in the middle of nowhere.
* During the early years of WWII the Nazis planned to deport Europe's Jews to Madagascar, which was under the control of Vichy France. The plan was put on hold when it became clear the UK would not surrender, then scrapped in favour of the FinalSolution when Commonwealth and Free French forces captured Madagascar.
* The Andaman Islands were used as a penal colony for participants of the Indian independence movement.
* Islas Marías Federal Prison in Mexico is an example of an extant penal colony.
* The early American colonies were a popular destination for persons convicted of crimes; they would arrange with the prosecutor to become indentured servants in America, and after a term of years would win their freedom. Furthermore, the state of Georgia was originally founded by Britain in 1732 specifically as a colony for the poor and those imprisoned for being unable to pay their debts (rather than having committed some crime), the idea being that they could work their debts off as farmers rather than rot in jail. However, after the [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution War of Independence]], Britain had nowhere to transport convicts who had previously been going to America.[[note]]Which is exactly how the Americans wanted it; one of the less-emphasized but definite grievances of the colonies was Britain's habit of treating them as a dumping ground for the dregs of British society.[[/note]] Canada was not an option for various reasons (chief among them unsuitable geography and a desire not to piss off the Francophones), and obviously the other big British colony--[[UsefulNotes/TheRaj India]]--was out of the question (except for the few who [[TradingBarsForStripes joined]] [[UsefulNotes/KiplingsFinest the East India Company's army]]...). After a while, though, the British noticed that Australia was conveniently unclaimed by any of the other European powers, and was therefore "empty" (try telling an 18th century European that Indigenous Australians are real people, and you'll probably get laughed out of the room[[note]]Unlike the aforementioned Indians, where there were too many of them to ignore[[/note]]). And so Australia was chosen, and you probably know the rest of the story if you've read the rest of this section.
* During WWI and WWII, captured Axis prisoners of war were sent to the POW camps in the Prairies of America or Canada. These camps generally needed no walls or heavy guard as they were so far away from civilization that a person can walk for days without encountering another person. A often-told story concerns a band of ragged and starving escapees (unused to the sheer size of North American countries and provinces/states) finally encountering a person after a grueling march and asking him if they are in Mexico--only to be informed that they have not even made it past the county lines yet.
* UsefulNotes/{{Angola}} was this for UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}}. A place of uncurable diseases with Portugal only controlling a couple of forts and whose only important activity until its abolition was slave capture and export (although later came some others, like diamonds), this all changed during TheFifties when finally the diseases were curable and came non-prisoners attracted by new-found fertile lands for agriculture, especially coffee, cocoa and sisal. Later, oil was struck during TheSeventies. (Although, it must be noted, prisoners still went to Angola 'till the end.)