[[quoteright:344:[[Manga/{{Trigun}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/wolfwoodzettaini_9049.jpg]]]]
->''"Oh no! The animation budget ran out!"''
-->-- '''Tristan Taylor''', ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries''

Rather than animating a critical moment in a battle, and perhaps giving away a plot point too soon, some animators cut to or dissolve into a still image designed to look like an action shot, often blurry with motion, that shows the important hit, or dodge, or other action, without revealing anything crucial. The most attractive of these appear to be done in pastel chalks, although simple black line-drawings are also used. TheKenBurnsEffect is frequently employed. These are also frequently used to emphasize especially dramatic moments, especially during cliffhangers.

This technique was invented by the late, great, and highly influential anime director Creator/OsamuDezaki.


* As mentioned above, classic anime director Creator/OsamuDezaki is responsible for the popularity of these. Which he termed "Postcard Memories".
** An example of this would be ''Manga/SpaceAdventureCobra'', where he had every commercial break and final frame fade into a beautiful pastel drawing.
** Likewise, he animated the 90-minute retelling of ''Manga/AimForTheAce'' with chalk frames on the dramatic moments. The animation was much better than the series' own.
** Dezaki's ''Manga/BlackJack'' adaptations (an OVA series and one film) make frequent use of this.
** ''Manga/RoseOfVersailles'' uses the "dramatic moments" variety of this trope. Constantly. Once again, directed by Dezaki.
** ''Manga/OniisamaE'', as well.
** The movie version of ''VisualNovel/{{Clannad}}'' does this constantly. Even two in a row at times. It wasn't directed by the same person who directed the TV series, but by Creator/OsamuDezaki himself. The very last anime he directed before his death, in fact.
** The ''Manga/KaseiYakyoku'' OAV have several as well. Three guesses as to who directed this, and the first two don't count!
* ''{{VisualNovel/Clannad}}'': Aside from the aforementioned movie, this is parodied in one episode of the series. Kotomi is putting on a violin recital, and though she practised hard and greatly improved, she became nervous and her already next-to-nonexistent violin skills are dropped back down to "deadly". All who are listening fall dead, one by one. As they fall, Pastel-Chalked Freeze Frames are done for each of the fallen victims.
* The 2012 anime adaptation of ''Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventurePhantomBlood'' features this for [[spoiler:Jonathan's death]].
* ''Anime/SteelAngelKurumi'' is rife with these.
* So is ''Anime/{{Simoun}}''.
* Pastel freeze-frames can also be found for romantic moments, usually at the end of episodes. There are a number of these in the later seasons of ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf''.
* ''Manga/YuYuHakusho'' likes to end on these. Parodied during the Dark Tournament arc, when Koenma asks Jorge how to counter a weapon and we get an extended PCFF, only for Jorge to reply that he hasn't a clue. And again in the last season, where an [[LargeHam overly dramatic]] character gets this when it looks like one of his allies has died, and he remains frozen, while the other characters, drawn normally, go about their business.
* Of course, if you're as low on cash as the creators of ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'' were, you can make at least two entire minutes of plot out of nothing but Pastel-Chalked (or Copic Marker) Freeze Frames.
* ''Manga/NodameCantabile'' does these a lot during the concert scenes, of either Chiaki or one of the musicians during a dramatic piece of music. Probably just to vary a bit between these and pans over ordinary stills, when the time or budget for proper animation of the musicians runs out.
* ''Manga/DragonBall'' and ''[[Anime/DragonBallZ Z]]'' absolutely ''loves'' to end episodes with this, although its frequency dropped in the later episodes. Would also be used for certain important impacts, such as King Piccolo blowing a rock to break Goku's arm.
* ''Manga/{{Berserk}}'' is fond of doing this for dramatic moments, usually when Guts is doing something particularly badass.
* The ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'' episode "Arriving in Style!" uses this quite a bit. They seem to be using it for cool poses at the end of episodes or for dramatic effect during fights now. At any rate, its use is on the rise.
* ''Manga/ViolinistOfHameln'' is the king of this trope. Due to an impossibly constrained animation budget -- rumour has it the budget was mainly spent on obtaining rights to the classical music -- the series sometimes seems to consist mainly of ''whole montages'' of one Pastel-Chalked Freeze Frame after another. Within the fandom, the show has since gained the affectionate nickname "Slideshow of Hameln".
* One of the many things ''Manga/BoboboboBobobo'' plays with.
* Similarly to ''Manga/BoboboboBobobo'', ''Anime/MindGame'' parodies it in Nishi's fantasy in which he's a famous author.
* Many episodes in ''LightNovel/{{Slayers}}'' end with these.
* ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' uses this. In addition, the BigBad of the first arc, Lordgenome, is so badass that he exists in a constant state of Pastel-Chalked Freeze Frame. Except it averts the "Freeze Frame" part.
* When Holy Roman Empire runs away from Italy during one rather suspenseful part of the ''Manga/AxisPowersHetalia'' anime, there are several of these shown from different angles. The story was not continued until several episodes later.
* ''Manga/KenichiTheMightiestDisciple'' does this whenever something awesome or dramatic happens. It's also played for comedy on at least one occasion when [[http://www.mangafox.com/manga/history_s_strongest_disciple_kenichi/c038/5.html the moment is so dramatic]] [[http://www.mangafox.com/manga/history_s_strongest_disciple_kenichi/c038/6.html it causes Kenichi to faint]].
* ''Anime/SailorMoon'' employs these quite often. Haruka and Michiru's scenes are done this way more often than not, when ''not'' in any form of battle, in order to emphasize how elegant they are.
* There is at least one in ''LightNovel/SisterPrincess'', at a climactic moment in the penultimate episode, although the moment is anything but an action shot.
* ''VideoGame/{{Killer7}}'' has a few of these during the level where all the cutscenes are done in anime style.
* ''Anime/OtogiZoshi'' uses these frequently.
* Parodied in ''[[Manga/NininGaShinobuden Ninja Nonsense]]'' (like everything else), when Onsokumaru fights himself.
* ''Manga/SgtFrog''...
** Parodied in the [[GagDub dub version]] of episode 8, when it prompts the narrator to ask who told the animators to switch to sepia-tone.
** And in a later episode he asks if someone squirted grape juice in his eyes because everything's purple.
* ''Manga/LuckyStar'' does this during [[spoiler:the ''Manga/InitialD'' spoof, going from ConspicuousCG to Pastel-Chalked Freeze Frame as Yui executes the gutter-wheel turn.]]
* Subverted in one scene of ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'', where it looks like one of these happened at the end of an episode but when it zoom out you can see it just switched to a close view of a painting of that scene Sai made.
* The ''Anime/{{Macross}}'' franchise has at least two.
** ''Anime/MacrossZero'' has one of Shin during the FinalBattle in a dramatic moment [[spoiler:just before he decides to jettison his weapons and charge in without violence in mind, hoping that the sight will snap Sara out of her RoaringRampageOfRevenge.]]
** ''Anime/MacrossFrontier'' ends episode 24 with one of Sheryl Nome [[spoiler:crying out in despair after she sees Alto's fighter explode.]]
* ''Manga/SpecialA'' has pastel sections every single darn episode, usually when a character has just done something sweet and so "earned his watercolors".
* ''Manga/FushigiYuugi'' does this at times.
* A lot of the ''kendo'' matches in ''Manga/BambooBlade'' end with these; the last shot of the ED is also a FreezeFrame (of [[BadassAdorable Tama-chan]], natch.)
* Happens at the end of every part 1 of any episode in ''Anime/YuGiOh5Ds'', accompanied with "To Be Continued..."
* The current page shot is [[BadassPreacher Nicholas D. Wolfwood]] of ''Manga/{{Trigun}}'', pictured in his second appearance (that'd be episode 10) when he turns around and starts shooting the hell out of everything after a quickdraw competition he and Vash tricked each other into joining turns into a Vash-hunt with child hostages. This is pretty much the ''only'' use of the technique in the entire series, and it handily highlights the fact that Wolfwood is slightly nuts. Which you suspected all along, but by now you ''like'' him. Wolfwood mentions afterwards that he didn't kill anyone during said rampage, just put a lot of non-terminal holes in them. It is fortunate none of the abruptly-recruited bounty hunters had Gung Ho Gun levels of determination. The full line is: "I WON'T [[FriendToAllChildren LET ANY MORE CHILDREN SUFFER]]! ''[[PapaWolf NEVER AGAIN]]!''"
* The very last shot of ''Anime/CowboyBebop'' is a pastel chalked freeze frame, featuring [[spoiler: the lifeless but serene body of Spike Spiegel]] as "Blue" by the Seatbelts plays.
* Similarly to the above example, the final shot of the ''Manga/AshitaNoJoe'' anime is done in this style, showing a zoom-out of [[spoiler:Joe's dead yet smiling body]] as the somber track "Joe Forever" plays. The scene is so iconic that it's become a StockShoutOut.
* Several of these are used in the first episode of the ''VisualNovel/UminekoWhenTheyCry'' anime during everyone's introductions.
* The original ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'' uses these from time to time. Alternate universes do it too. Dramatic shots of [[Anime/MobileSuitGundam00 Exia]] charging with its sword drawn or [[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSEED Freedom]] in pose are particular favorites.
** ''[[Anime/MobileFighterGGundam G Gundam]]'' '''''loved''''' these, including at least one at the end of every episode.
** Two episodes of ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamWing'', "Catherine's Tears" and "Takeoff Into Confusion", featured one.
** There are also a few scene from Anime/GundamBuildFighters and it's sequel, Anime/GundamBuildFightersTRY, particularly for the eyecatch or just before the ending song.
* ''Anime/TekkamanBlade'' throws these around quite a bit, especially when dark secrets start coming out.
* A series of shorts featuring various Creator/GoNagai super robots like Anime/MazingerZ and Manga/GetterRobo ended its three shorts this way.
* ''Anime/HeartcatchPrettyCure'' ended one of its final episodes with this, showing the girls in the beginning of their StormingTheCastle attack.
* ''Anime/SenkiZesshouSymphogear'' uses these instead of CallingYourAttacks, mostly because [[DiscoTech the protagonists' weapons only work while they are singing]]. The visual style and typeface vary by attacker.
** Starting with the second season G, pretty much every end of episode CliffHanger is punctuated by one of those.
* Anime/SpaceDandy himself appears this way in one episode while having an existential crisis. He gets over it a second later and pops back to normal.
* Done in the first opening of ''Manga/YourLieInApril'' featuring Kousei and Kaori performing together with their respective instrument. [[spoiler:Which is used again in the finale, but it's revealed that their final duet performance is never happened, since real Kaori was doing her surgery during that time and its supposed the Kaori that playing alongside Kousei was either her spirit before leaving to afterlife or just pure Kousei's imagination.]]
** Also done in episode 10, with the BeautifulDreamer scenery.
* Used at the end of the first episode of the 2003 version of ''Anime/FullmetalAlchemist'' after Edward takes off his coat to [[spoiler:reveal his automail arm]] and Father Cornello pulls a TheNamesake.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* Lampshaded/spoofed in ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries'': "Oh no! The animation budget ran out!"

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The ''Franchise/{{Rocky}}'' movies end on an Acrylic-Painted Freeze Frame.
* The obscure 80s teen movie ''Film/PrivateSchool'' does this in the opening, showing various scenes from later in the film drawn in this style. It's also how the movie ends.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* The ''Rocky'' example above is spoofed in ''Series/{{Scrubs}}'' -- J.D. and Turk keep fighting to prove their manliness. They realize that they won't be able to settle it. They have a flash of inspiration, and wind up taking a photo of them both in boxing gear, and each telling the story of how they won.
-->'''J.D. & Turk:''' ''(together)'' ''[[Film/RockyIII Rocky 3]]'' freeze-frame ending!
* Amy and Rory's final episode of ''Series/DoctorWho'' ends with future-Amy narrating all the adventures she had over a shot of kid-Amy from her first appearance. It turns pastel-colored in the last few seconds.
* By the 3rd season of ''Series/{{Blossom}}''; they began using this; usually for the beginning of the episode or coming back from a commercial break.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''Videogame/{{Bayonetta}}'', each time a new enemy type appears (including bosses), a mini cutscene plays with one of these and the name of the enemy.
* The "Chapter Complete" bits in ''VideoGame/EternalDarkness'' end like this.
* The [[AnimeThemeSong opening]] for ''VideoGame/TalesOfVesperia'' uses this before it fades to black and goes to the start screen.
* ''Videogame/ValkyriaChronicles'' inverts this by starting off with a sketch that begins to move. The entire art style of the game emulates a pastel chalk drawing.
* Done with each ToBeContinued screen in ''VideoGame/AsurasWrath'', just to make the parallels to be an interactive anime even more obvious.

[[folder:Web Animation]]
* Spoofed, appropriately enough, in the [[WebAnimation/HomestarRunner Strong Bad]] e-mail "[[http://www.homestarrunner.com/sbemail57.html Japanese cartoon]]".

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''WebComic/{{Paranatural}}'' parodies it [[http://www.paranatural.net/index.php?id=181 here]], just after Issac finishes [[OffscreenMomentOfAwesome an offscreen sidequest.]] The use of this trope in a webcomic is also lampshaded.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* The ending of the ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' episode "The Cleveland-Loretta Quagmire" ends in a Pastel-Chalked Freeze Frame with the ''Rocky'' theme ''Eye of the Tiger'' playing. The scene leading up to the freeze frame is verbatim of the final scene of ''Film/RockyIII'' (see above).
* Some of the action shots in ''WesternAnimation/{{Ben 10}}'' are replaced with slowly-sliding comicbook-like images. Its sequel has yet to use this effect, presumably trying to [[DarkerAndEdgier move away from the more light-hearted nature of the original]].
* In ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'', a bunch of these in a row were used to great effect in Book 1, Chapter 10. This is also how a fight between Azula and Suki ended, with Suki's fate not discovered until next season.
* The Episode "Deep Six" of ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitans'' ends this way.
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Wakfu}}'', it is used during the two 3-episode Gobbowl arcs, specifically as a ShoutOut to ''Manga/SpaceAdventureCobra''.
* Several episodes of ''WesternAnimation/ThunderCats'', including the multi-part Anointment Trials.
* The ending to the ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'' episode "Escape from Pearl Bailey", where Steve and his friends jump to face a mob of angry students. We can hear them getting their asses kicked, however, complete with them shouting about how they are not even taking anybody with them.