->''"[[LampshadeHanging In case you haven't realized it by now]], this is a'' Film/{{Highlander}} ''parody."''
-->-- ''WesternAnimation/RobotChicken''

A parody is a twisted imitation of another artistic work. An intentional mockery, though often a [[AffectionateParody loving one]], it imitates the style of the original in order to puncture its mistakes and point out its flaws. Some aspects may be exaggerated, and others downplayed. Usually comedic, but occasionally dark and [[DeconstructiveParody deconstructive]]. Can be sublime, or worse than the original. Sometimes an {{homage}} or ShoutOut doubles as a parody. And sometimes [[WholePlotReference the entire work gets parodied.]]

Lack of respect for the source material is the most common danger of parody. Not all parody is {{satire}}. As satire is usually pursuing [[MoralOfTheStory an intellectual point]], we expect it to be critical. On the other hand, most parodies are watched by people who liked the original stories, so pointing out too loudly that something is stupid (or that it broadly seems to defy the premise) can subconsciously insult the viewer. In fact, many successful parodies still use the situation or design that they mock. They simply [[LampshadeHanging point out that it doesn't make sense]], but let the appeal be in the eye of the beholder.

Another danger is the assumption that the audience is familiar with the subject matter being parodied; extensive parodies have multiple layers of comic gold. This can be shaky ground, depending on the age of your audience, and writers sometimes resign themselves to [[SmallReferencePools broad, widely known characters and situations]]. The problem is that such things have probably already been parodied to death. Enough parodies can cause a shift to that version of the character into becoming the archetype, leading to later subversions of subversions.

The most basic idea is, of course, that a parody is essentially something you've seen before in a different form. Your audience hopes you bring something new to the table, and will not be impressed if all you do is regurgitate tropes.

The nature of parody can lead to unfortunate MisaimedFandom.

See also {{Satire}}, {{Pastiche}}, {{Farce}}, MetaTropeIntro, ParodiedTrope (spoofing a trope).

For a list of tropes used ''in'' parodies, see ParodyTropes.

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!!Examples:

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[[folder:Audio Play]]
* Creator/TheFiresignTheatre have a few, including:
** "AudioPlay/TheFurtherAdventuresOfNickDanger" is an extended parody of old-timey radio detective shows.
** The album ''The Giant Rat of Sumatra'' is a parody of ''Literature/SherlockHolmes'', starring Hemlock Stones, the Great Defective.
* Creator/StanFreberg's record ''Saint George and the Dragonet'' is a fantasy parody of ''Franchise/{{Dragnet}}''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* The ''Webcomic/DorkTower'' comic regularly features covers (and sometimes entire issues) that parody some aspect of geek or pop culture, often with some relationship to the story inside. Subjects have included ''ComicBook/UnderstandingComics'', Rice Krispies cereal, ''A Brief History of Time'', Creator/HarveyComics, Music/PinkFloyd...
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[[folder:Film]]
* The ''Film/ScaryMovie'' series contains countless send-ups of contemporary horror and sci-fi movies, among other films. [[SeltzerAndFriedberg A few of the creators]] have also produced similar genre-spoof movies with self-descriptive titles, like ''Date Movie'', ''Epic Movie'' and ''Disaster Movie''. [[NonindicativeName Despite their names]], they seem to spoof [[ShallowParody the trailers of the respective year's hyped films]] instead.
** ''NotAnotherTeenMovie'', a parody of teen films in general and ''She's All That'' in particular, was also written by two (different) members of the same team of creators.
** And SeltzerAndFriedberg's ''Meet the Spartans'' and ''Film/VampiresSuck'' is, you've guessed it, a parody of the ''300'' film and the ''Literature/{{Twilight}}'' series.
* A grand Italian tradition is that of redubbing, which consists in gag dubs of movies ranging from the sketches to full-length movies that may not share the film's plot or premise at all (sometimes with extensive new footage shot). Started with ''Film/{{Star Trek II|The Wrath of Khan}}'' way way back in the 1980s, making the gag dub OlderThanTheyThink. Lots of parodies can be found [[http://www.stevenworks.com here]] (naturally in Italian, and many of which strictly in local dialects.)
** A recurring gag in a GagDub is to use the original dialogue of certain characters. By simply changing the other dialogue around it, what they said makes them look even stupider than if their dialogue had been changed.
*** Occasionally, lampshades may be hung on the use of original lines. ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries'' is fond of a flashing * ACTUAL 4KIDS DIALOG* label on the bottom of the screen.
* ''BeverlyHillsNinja'' is a parody of MightyWhitey ninja films. It features a tribe of ninjas adopting an orphan Caucasian boy whom they think will be their clan's long-prophesized "Great White Hope." Unfortunately for them, the boy grows up to be a clumsy, uncoordinated adult (played by Chris Farley) and the only way he can save the day is with the secret assistance of the ninja tribe's best Japanese member.
* ''Film/{{Spaceballs}}'' was a parody of Franchise/StarWars.
** Creator/MelBrooks loves parodies, and he has sent up [[YoungFrankenstein several]] [[Film/RobinHoodMenInTights other]] [[Film/HighAnxiety popular films]] and characters.
* ''Film/JamesBond'' was actually intended to be a parody of espionage films, but, ironically enough, it turned out to be held as the quintessential spy series; even getting its own parodies in the form of films such as ''SpyHard'', ''AustinPowers'' and ''Series/GetSmart''.
* ''Film/BigMoneyHustlas'', produced by Music/InsaneClownPosse's label, Creator/PsychopathicRecords, is a parody of '70s exploitation flicks. Its follow-up, ''Film/BigMoneyRustlas'', is a parody of westerns.
* ''MysteryTeam'' is this for amateur sleuth stories.
* The UsefulNotes/NewZealand comedy ''TonganNinja'' is a spoof of martial arts films in general, and Bruce Lee's ''WayOfTheDragon'' in particular.
* Brazilian group Os Trapalhões (also translated as "The Tramps") had this in a few of their movies, in addition to many parodies in their TV show - [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SGvgIc9OYSs one]] of ''Series/{{SWAT}}'' even became a full-fledged movie by [[TheBandMinusTheFace all but the leader]] during a short break-up. During the internet's popularization of foreign {{Mockbuster}}s, they got roped along the way: ''Os Trapalhões na Guerra dos Planetas'' (The Tramps in the Planet War) is ''Brazilian Franchise/StarWars'', ''Os Trapalhões no Planalto dos Macacos'' (The Tramps in the Plateau of the Apes) is ''Brazilian PlanetOfTheApes'', and ''Os Trapalhões e o Mágico de Oróz'' (The Tramps and the Wizard of Oroz) is ''Brazilian TheWizardOfOz''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* The ''{{Dragaera}}'' novels include a subseries called the Khaavren Romances that parody Creator/AlexandreDumas.
* ''Literature/LordOfTheFlies'' is a dark parody of Creator/JulesVerne's ''Two Years Vacation'' - both involve groups of upper-class schoolboys being marooned on a desert island in similar circumstances, but where Verne's kids AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence, Golding's descend into primitive savagery.
** It's also taking on R. M. Ballantyne's ''Coral Island'' ({{lampshaded}} by the end).
* The Harvard Lampoon's ''Literature/BoredOfTheRings'' rather viciously skewers ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings''.
* ''Barry Trotter'' parodies... oh, go on, guess.
* The ancient Greek ''Literature/{{Batrachomyomachia}}'' makes this OlderThanFeudalism, since the 300-line poem parodies the [[Literature/TheIliad epic]] genre by using epic conventions for a rather non-heroic story: a battle between mice and frogs.
* ''An Apology for the Life of Mrs. Shamela Andrews'' by Henry Fielding, a parody of the cringeworthy but popular inspirational novel ''Pamela'' by Samuel Richardson. One of the rare cases where the parody is somehow better than the original.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/SledgeHammer'' is an over-the-top parody of the CowboyCop.
** At least in the first season. Then it became too whiny and RomCom-ish, attempting satire and/or deconstruction where none were necessary.
* Similarly, ''PoliceSquad!'' was a parody of 1960s- and 1970s-vintage PoliceProcedural shows, particularly the output of Quinn Martin Productions, and specifically ''MSquad''.
* ''Series/TheDailyShow'' uses the parody news format to make [[{{Satire}} satirical]] points. Its SpinOff, ''Series/TheColbertReport'', does satire as well, but parodies blowhard opinion shows like ''Series/TheOReillyFactor'' instead of straight news.
* ''Series/BrassEye'' parodied the shock-obsessed news media by lifting their style.
* ''ICarly'': The fake movie trailers. [[TeenDrama Kelly Cooper: Terrible Movie]] is about cliched teen chick movies, and [[DisasterMovie The Blowing]] pokes fun on disaster films.
* ''The Oceanic Six: A Conspiracy of Lies'' is a [[FauxDocumentary mockumentary]] on the ''{{Lost}}'' season 4 DVD. Presented as an in-universe documentary, the film is an obvious parody of ''LooseChange'', from the music, voiceovers, interviews with questionably qualified scientists, anonymous interviews, wild accusations, and claims of a government coverup in regards to the crash of Oceanic flight 815 and the subsequent [[spoiler:rescuing of six passengers]]. The irony is that the documentary is ''right'' that the official story is a lie...but its explanation is hilariously wrong (one word: cannabalism).
* ''MyLifeInFilm'', a little-known BBC comedy about a slightly delusional scriptwriter that took place in worlds that were parodies of popular films.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Magazines]]
* ''Magazine/{{MAD}}'' specializes in parodies, particularly those of movies and TV shows. Some also have satirical elements...but for some reason the magazine refers to ''all'' of them as satires, not parodies, so it's no wonder Keanu Reeves got confused.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* Music/WeirdAlYankovic has made a career out of parody songs.
* Also BohemianParody, which covers parodies of [[Music/{{Queen}} Bohemian Rhapsody]].
* Two years after Fiddler's Dram released 'Day Trip to Bangor', Creator/JasperCarrott parodied the song with 'Day Trip to Blackpool', in 1981. While 'Day Trip to Bangor' was about what a lovely time they had there, 'Day Trip to Blackpool' is the exact opposite.
* 'Star Trekkin' by The Firm, which is a parody of {{Series/Star Trek}}.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Radio]]
* ''Radio/TheHowardSternShow'' used to and sometimes still will parody television shows and movies, although more frequently song parodies are featured, many of which, sent in by fans, are about being sexually attracted to news anchor Robin Quivers. Thousands of these exist, and one or two are always played before her news segment.
* TheBBC Radio 4 series ''Hordes of the Things'', by A.P.R. Marshall (Andrew Marshall of ''Series/TwoPointFourChildren'' and ''TheBurkissWay'') and J.H.W. Lloyd (John Lloyd of ''Radio/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy'' and ''{{Blackadder}}'') was a parody of ''LordOfTheRings''. It's notable because it was broadcast six months ''before'' the Radio 4 adaptation of ''LOTR'', and manages to predict some of the voice characterization to a spooky degree. (Or they heard about it in the canteen.)
* ''Dave Hollins: Space Cadet'', a miniseries in ''SonOfCliche'', was a parody of ''2001: A Space Odyssey'' in which the titular character was left as the sole survivor of his ship's crew. The premise of this would later be followed up with a SpiritualSuccessor in ''Series/RedDwarf''.
* ''TheBurkissWay'' parodied ''everything'' it could lay its hands on.
* ''The X Fools'' parodied the then concurrently running ''Series/TheXFiles'' series. [[AgentScully Agent Sulky]] is the OnlySaneWoman stuck between her brainless CovertPervert partner Agent Smoulder and their WholesomeCrossdresser superior Assistant Director Skinhead, confronting such villains as Dancer Man and the Cigarette Sucking Woman.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Each ''DestroyAllHumans'' game is parody of Sci-Fi Alien Invasion and the ENTIRE DECADE the game takes place in.
* ''VideoGame/ConkersBadFurDay'' and its remake are mostly based on parodies of famous movies and videogames.
* The name of the game VideoGame/{{Parodius}} says it all, period (parody of {{Gradius}})!
* WebAnimation/HomestarRunner's "fake" and now {{Defictionalized}} Videlectrix had been producing parody games long before TelltaleGames ''VideoGame/StrongBadsCoolGameForAttractivePeople''. Since point-and-click adventures had become self-parodying since their early years, it was a natural format.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Webcomics]]
* ''Webcomic/DevilBear'' is full of parodies. Especially in the teddy bears that end up going to Hell. Parodies of [[http://www.thedevilbear.com/?p=3 Winnie the Pooh]] , [[http://www.thedevilbear.com/?p=28 Kiss]] , and [[http://www.thedevilbear.com/?p=52 Pokémon]] to name a few.
* [[http://revfitz.com/chuckcomics.html Kick The Football, Chuck]] is a parody of Charles Schulz' "Peanuts" where all of the classic gags (kicking the football, talking on the brick wall, flying a kite, Lucy's "psychiatric booth, etc.) are portrayed in light of Charlie Brown's cancer.
* ''Webcomic/WizardSchool'' is a parody of Harry Potter, with the cliche magical child as "Chosen One," replaced with a drunken jerk with a tattoo on his forehead.
* ''Webcomic/{{Greg}}'' parodied movies in the early stages of the comic, including [[http://gregcomic.com/2011/06/16/greg-lantern/ Green Lantern]] and [[http://gregcomic.com/2011/07/07/transformers-3-spoof-2-the-autobot-way/ Transformers 3]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Animation]]
* ''Animation/AHundredThousandBadJokes'' has a large number of episodes that are parodies.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Originals]]
* ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries'' and its various spin-offs and [[FollowTheLeader imitators]] are notable for taking up only a third of the time and containing twice the plot of the shows they parody.
* ''SailorNothing'' is a dark parody of ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' and, by extension, a {{pastiche}} of MagicalGirl shows in general.
* [[http://lparchive.org/LetsPlay/ Docfuture's]] LetsPlay of [[http://lparchive.org/LetsPlay/Sonic%202%20SE/ Sonic 2: Special Edition for Sega CD 32X]] is a parody of ''SonicTheHedgehog 2'', its development, and {{Updated Rerelease}}s in general.
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=26tD6hL9nj4 This]] video and many, many others parody LadyGaga's song Bad Romance. Others are parodied, but that song has the most.
* [[http://www.springhole.net/humor/awfulteenparanormalromance.htm This madlib]] parodies certain ParanormalRomance stories.
* ''WebVideo/NextTimeOnLonny'' is a DeconstructiveParody of [[RealityShow reality shows]].
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xrdHe__tt3U This video]] is a parody of unboxing videos.
* ''Literature/TheWTFJournal'' parodies a plethora of things from Literature/HarryPotter to the BlackEyedPeas.
* ''WebVideo/BartBaker'' parodies pretty much every major music artist.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* The ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' ''Franchise/StarWars'' special parodies various moments in the sci-fi film but does not satirize it.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Animaniacs}}'' was MADE of parodies. They did everything from TheSoundOfMusic to Franchise/{{Godzilla}} to [[Series/BarneyAndFriends Barney]] to Star Wars to PowerRangers to...
* The point of ''WesternAnimation/RobotChicken''. They'll do an original sketch at least once an episode, but the rest is typically all parodies. They've even made three Star Wars parody episodes.
* ''WesternAnimation/YinYangYo'' makes various parodies to other cartoons outside their original networks.
* ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'' has a whole episode parodying the plot of James Bond movies, Stan as [[TuxedoAndMartini the agent]], Steve as [[GadgeteerGenius the inventions man]], Hayley as [[SassySecretary the secretary]], Roger as [[BigBad the villain]], Claus as [[TheDragon the evil minion]], and Francine as [[BondGirl the one that falls for the agent]]. Then it got a sequel.
[[/folder]]
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