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[[caption-width-right:350:Pfft, so inaccurate. [[ComicallyMissingThePoint Bipedal dinosaurs didn't drag their tails]].]]
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->''"Come with us back to the days of the caveman, when every woman wore furs, every man had a private club, and backyard barbecues were truly mammoth!"''
-->-- '''Kermit the Frog''', ''Series/TheMuppetShow''

The days when gruff, thickbrowed club-wielding cavemen and [[NubileSavage sexy cavewomen]] in body-baring [[FurBikini fur teddies]] roamed the earth alongside [[AnachronismStew dinosaurs]]. Most humans were of low intelligence and [[HulkSpeak communicated primarily in grunts]], but this didn't stop them from inventing a sophisticated system of BambooTechnology, most of which incorporated rocks, sinews, and [[DomesticatedDinosaurs small anthropomorphic dinosaurs]] who really didn't seem to mind the fact that they'd been locked under a counter and forced to serve as a primitive garbage disposal for the vast majority of their waking lives. ("[[WesternAnimation/TheFlintstones It's a living,]]" after all...)

Real "cavemen" were quite different -- although of course, it entirely depends what point in prehistory you're focusing on. They (at least in the last 100,000 years or so) were as intelligent as modern humans and had complex language. They used bows, spears, slings, and knives as well as clubs. They lived in tents or huts, sometimes structures built of mammoth bones, and maybe the mouths of caves but never deep inside. Most prejudices about cavemen were originally applied to Australian Aborigines, pygmies, Native Americans, and black people.

If any serious attempt is made to explore what prehistoric cultures might have been like, it could be considered to fall into the category of {{Xenofiction}}.

Named after [[Film/OneMillionBC the movie of the same name]], which is quite well-known for its gratuitous usage of the trope.

See {{Prehistoria}} for a VideoGame level or setting set here.

!!Popular tropes from this time period are:
* ArtisticLicensePaleontology
* BambooTechnology
* DomesticatedDinosaurs
* EverythingsBetterWithDinosaurs
* FurBikini
* InventingTheWheel
* NubileSavage
* StockDinosaurs
!!Works set in this time period are:


[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]
* One of the episodes of ''Anime/MagicalShoppingArcadeAbenobashi'' is set in a parody of such a setting.
* ''Manga/WildRock'' is set in a fantastical prehistoric time.

[[folder: Comedy ]]
* Creator/{{Otto}} employed this trope when he said that the Neanderthals started walking upright because they wanted to get their hands away from all that dinosaur shit.

[[folder: Comic Books ]]
* The 1950's comic book ''ComicBook/{{Tor}}'' drawn by Joe Kubert. A foreword in the modern collected edition apologetically says "Although it was already known to anyone who cared that men and dinosaurs had never dwelt on Earth at the same time...."
* Brazilian comic ''[[ComicBook/MonicasGang Pitheco]]'', starring a caveman whose full name is "''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Java_Man Pithecanthropus erectus]]'' [[SesquipedalianSmith da Silva]]" (Silva being the Brazilian equivalent of Smith).
* Franchise/ArchieComics did a series of "Caveman Archie" stories with prehistoric versions of Archie and the rest of the Riverdale gang.
* "Clan of the Care Bear" in ''ComicBook/{{Cherry|Comics}} Cherry'' #5 features Cherry as a sexy cavegirl in prehistoric times.
* ''ComicBook/GarfieldHis9Lives'', where {{ComicStrip/Garfield}}'s first life is a sabretooth cat. The animated special takes one step further:
-->'''Narrator''': In those days, the first everything was crawling up out of the sea: the first snake. The first chicken. Crab grass. [[AnachronismStew The first real estate salesman.]]
* Creator/JackKirby's ''Comicbook/DevilDinosaur'' is certainly one of the most ''[[RuleOfCool awesome]]'' uses of the trope. Marvel took a good many years after the book ended trying to figure out how to hammer Devil and Moon Boy into continuity, since even in the Marvel Universe, prehistory wasn't like that. The current idea [[DependingOnTheWriter (usually)]] is that the series is set on an alien planet that just happens to resemble popular depictions of Earth's prehistory.
* One of the time periods that Franchise/{{Superman}} appeared in during his involuntary time travels in ''ComicBook/TimeAndTimeAgain''.
* Marvel Comics' Savage Land partly justifies and partly averts this trope. It's a preserve created by aliens that has various proto-human and humanoid tribes mixed with mammals and dinosaurs drawn from various past eras, mixed together in an artificial, mostly subtropical environment . . . in present-day Antarctica.

[[folder: Commercials ]]
* The ''GEICO'' "caveman commercials" feature stereotypical-looking thick-browed Neanderthals with GeniusBruiser personalities from this era, somehow still living in modern times and acting like an oppressed minority.
** As does ''Cavemen'', the short-lived TV series based on the Neanderthals from the commercials.
* The 90s ''Nissin Noodles'' commercials with ridiculously tiny cavemen hunting various prehistoric beasts like woolly mammoths and giant pterosaurs in a wasteland.

[[folder: Film ]]
* The 1940 movie ''One Million BC'' and its 1967 remake titled ''Film/OneMillionYearsBC'' may be the origin of the trope. The 1967 version is chiefly remembered for the mind-blowing sight of RaquelWelch (MsFanservice incarnate) in a FurBikini. Creator/RayHarryhausen, who animated most of the dinosaurs in the remake, comments that he did not make One Million Years B.C. for "professors... who probably don't go to see these kinds of movies anyway."
** The lesser known SpiritualSuccessor ''Film/WhenDinosaursRuledTheEarth'' (1970) is also a good example.
* ''Film/YorTheHunterFromTheFuture'' starts this way, complete with dinosaurs, giant lizards, women in furskin bikinis and barbarian heroes, only for it to be subverted with it being in fact a future world, not a prehistoric one.
* ''Film/QuestForFire'', one of the more accurate depictions of the Stone Age. In a piece of truly inspired casting, Creator/RonPerlman was one of the cavemen.
* Music/RingoStarr's ''Film/{{Caveman}}'', an open parody/comedy take on the genre, is set in "One ''Zillion'' years ago". October 9.
* Replace cavemen and dinosaurs with cavemen, Ice Age beasts, and pyramid-building Egyptians and you get ''Film/TenThousandBC''. The movie was an obvious homage to ''One Million Years BC'', and adopts the same "eh, whatever" attitude towards accuracy.
* The opening scenes of Creator/MelBrooks' Epic ''Film/HistoryOfTheWorldPartI'', during which the cavemen, um, "[[ADateWithRosiePalms discover themselves]]".
* This era was featured in ''[[Film/BillAndTed Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventure]]''. The cavemen don't appear until the group is about to take off, though. They're carrying burning torches.
* ''Film/YearOne'' features Hunter Michael Cera and Gatherer Creator/JackBlack as cavemen gatecrashing Biblical-narrative events. The problem is that while the story of Cain and Abel could be set at OneMillionBC, early Israelites like Abraham are much less so. And ''then'' there's those Romans showing up. AnachronismStew all around!
* ''Film/CarryOnCleo'' had previously depicted the Britons as [[AnachronismStew dinosaur-hunting cavepeople at the time of the Roman Empire]]. RuleOfFunny applies, obviously.

[[folder: Literature ]]
* ''Before Adam'' is a historical novel by Jack London. It is the story of a man who dreams he lives the life of an early hominid Australopithecine. The story offers an early view of human evolution. The majority of the story is told through the eyes of the man's hominid alter ego, one of the Cave People. In addition to the Cave People, there are the more advanced Fire People, and the more animal-like Tree People. Other characters include the hominid's father, a love interest, and Red-Eye, a fierce "atavism" that perpetually terrorizes the Cave People. A sabre-cat also plays a role in the story.
* ''Literature/EarthsChildren'' is a fairly well-researched attempt to construct realistic Ice Age cultures and involves clashes between ''Homo sapiens'' and Neanderthals. [[ScienceMarchesOn Science has marched on]] concerning some of the material Jean Auel used, and Ayla and Jondalar's technological inventions can only be believed as allegories for the inventions of multiple generations of RealLife people, but for the most part these books are quite believable and realistic. Their biggest problem is the AnachronismStew of ''Homo sapiens'' material culture, mixing multiple Paleolithic eras together, and arguably the near total lack of ValuesDissonance in the prehistoric ''Homo sapiens'' cultures.
* The [[http://fartago.blogspot.com blog novel]] ''{{Fartago}}'' is set at around the time ''Homo habilis'', the first Hominid species, gained awareness. However, much of the novel's references [[LampshadeHanging underscore]] the fact that most portrayals of these early Hominid species portray them as a lot like us, but minor references in the novel prove the writer, Tony Caroselli, [[ShownTheirWork actually knows what he's talking about]] and is only [[RuleOfFunny making stuff up for comedy's sake]].
* The ''Ram'' series, a Finnish children's book series by Maijaliisa Dieckmann, is about a girl called Ram living in prehistoric times, supposedly in what is now Finland. Her parents die on a long hunting trip and she is left to take care of her little brother alone with the grudging help of the neighbours who have too many children and elders to feed to care for two orphans. For emotional support, she turns to her dead grandmother who she believes is the family's spirit protector. The books also deal with discrimination as Ram's family is originally from another clan and they are thought of as outsiders in the village. In a later book she leaves the village with her brother to find her parents' original clan and rejoin her distant relatives. The author is a well-known and respected historical novelist so the depiction of the era is very accurate and life-like.
* The Creator/StephenBaxter book ''Stone Spring'' which is set at the end of the most recent glaciation. The prehistoric inhabitants of the land that once connected Britain to the rest of Europe embark on an ambitious mud wall building to hold off the rising tide.
* ''[[http://www.amazon.com/Bone-Dry-21st-Century-Reference/dp/0440219280 Bone From a Dry Sea,]]'' by Creator/PeterDickinson, is partly set four million years ago in a culture based on the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aquatic_ape_hypothesis aquatic ape hypothesis,]] and partly MeanwhileInTheFuture following the archaeologist who's digging up its remains.

[[folder: Live-Action TV ]]
* ''Series/ItsAboutTime'': Astronauts Captain Mackenzie and Lieutenant Canfield accidentally break the time barrier and get stranded in One Million B.C. Features dinosaurs, prehistoric flora and fauna, and cavepeople speaking broken English. Eventually, Mackenzie and Canfield go back to the future, bringing with them a family they befriended.
* The first story ''[[Recap/DoctorWhoS1E1AnUnearthlyChild An Unearthly Child]]'' of the original ''Series/DoctorWho''. No dinosaurs, however.
* "Sabre Tooth" and "Mammoth Journey", the last two episodes of ''Series/WalkingWithBeasts'', were set during the Pleistocene, in South America and Europe, respectively. And yeah, it was pretty darned accurate.
* The finale of ''Series/BattlestarGalactica2003'', which occurs 150,000 years before present day, veers into this. The [[spoiler:proto-humans]] the main characters observe, however, seem to avert the traditional cavemen stereotypes with [[spoiler:Baltar]] commenting that they use tools and have a primitive society but is unsure if they have a comprehensive language. [[InferredHolocaust It is an educated guess]] that this also becomes the way of life of the [[spoiler:Colonials]] thanks to [[spoiler:Lee Adama]]'s decision to [[spoiler:[[LuddWasRight get rid of all technology and live a primitive, simple life]]]].
* Played absolutely straight in the "search for the Quantasaurus Rex" arc of ''Series/PowerRangersTimeForce'', where Wes and Eric see ''Triceratops'', ''Stegosaurus'' and get chased by an irate ''Tyrannosaurus'', before Wes finds fairly advanced wall-paintings of the aforementioned Quantasaurus Rex.
* [[JustifiedTrope Justified]] in ''Series/LandOfTheLost1974''. The titular Land is an abandoned alien zoo, explaining the mix of dinosaurs from various eras and the [[LizardFolk Sleestak]] lost civilization.

[[folder: Newspaper Comics ]]
* The syndicated comic strip ''ComicStrip/AlleyOop''
* Another comic strip example: Johnny Hart's ''[[ComicStrip/{{BC}} B.C.]]'', which also seems to be taking place in a bizarre AlternateUniverse filled with modern humor (if you can call it that) and Fundamentalist Christianity. Johnny Hart is a (young-earth) creationist, so he may actually believe dinosaurs roamed the earth with cavemen. The low quality of the later Hart years was more tragic given that it was a pretty good comic strip before he saw the light and began filling it with {{Author Filibuster}}s expounding his theology.
** Then there's the theory that the strip isn't really set in the prehistoric era at all, but rather a [[AfterTheEnd post-apocalyptic future]].
** Many thought that the fundamentalism didn't really work in a strip named for the abbreviation of "Before Christ". WordOfGod had it that the strip was actually named after a college in Hart's hometown, but whether this was originally the case or just a {{Retcon}} dreamed up after Hart's conversion is unknown.
** With Hart's death and the strip passing into new hands, the overt Christianity references have been tossed back overboard.
** And the unfunniness with it. [[GrowingTheBeard It's suddenly good again]].
* Gary Larson occasionally depicted dinosaurs and cavemen together in ''ComicStrip/TheFarSide'', and not without some shame on his part, even though it was [[RuleOfFunny for the sake of humor]]. See the page quote for ArtisticLicensePaleontology.
* ''ComicStrip/FrankAndErnest'' make frequent stops here.

[[folder: Pinball ]]
* This is the setting for Creator/{{Gottlieb}}'s ''Pinball/{{Caveman}}''
* Appears in ''[[VideoGame/ProPinballTimeshock Pro Pinball: Timeshock!]]'' as the "Prehistoric Age" era.
* ''Pinball/TimeMachineZaccaria'' uses this on the left half of the playfield to represent the Past.
* ''Pinball/TheFlintstones,'' of course.

[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]
* The TabletopGame/{{GURPS}} RPG supplement ''Lands Out Of Time'' introduces the "World of Banded Night" - which is this trope. It includes dinosaurs, cavemen, ape-men, even ''lizard-men'' and the ruins of an ultra-tech civilization.
** Also from their earlier adventure ''Big Lizzie'' which pits cowboys vs. banditos and dinosaurs in an alien preserve.
* The world of Jund in the ''Shards of Alara'' expansion for ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' is pretty clearly based on this trope, though they get away with it by being pure fantasy. Actual dragons replace the dinosaurs, brutal reptilian humanoids lord it over tribes of primitive humans and [[OurGoblinsAreDifferent goblins]], and the land itself is scarred by volcanic rifts where it isn't covered in chokingly dense jungle or festering tar pits.

[[folder: Video Games]]
* The 8-bit computer game ''Quest for Tires'', based on the B.C. newspaper comics above.

[[folder: Western Animation ]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheFlintstones'' is one of the most iconic examples in western animation.
* The ''WesternAnimation/IceAge'' movies are the TalkingAnimal version. It manages to sneak in dinosaurs [[HumanPopsicle inside blocks of ice]]. Somehow the onset of the ice age and its ending were only a sequel's width apart.The third movie has living dinosaurs, but they at least have the decency to live in a LostWorld. And the fourth will add the continental drift! Geology means nothing to Creator/BlueSkyStudios.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Histeria}}!'' made this (and the time before it) the subject of the episode "The Dawn of Time".
* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/SheepInTheBigCity'', General Specific and Private Public end up here while trying to chase Sheep through time. This being a PostModern show, the first thing they encounter is a sign reading "[[LampshadeHanging Welcome to the most clichéd time portal of all.]]" (which leads Specific to comment "[[ComicallyMissingThePoint We're in [=1970s=] New Jersey?]]").
* The ''WesternAnimation/SuperMarioWorld'' cartoon ran with the fact that the game was set in a place called Dinosaur Land and had the show set in the Stone Age, populating the place with lots of cavemen, including [[ReplacementScrappy Oogtar the Not-Toad]].
* ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' did three shorts of this type: "Prehistoric Porky", which takes place in One Billion, Trillion BC and shows Cavepig Porky's near-fatal chase with a saber-tooth tiger, "Daffy and the Dinosaur", which takes place "millions and billions and trillions of years ago" and shows a caveman hunting Daffy Duck, and "Pre-Hysterical Hare", where Bugs Bunny finds a caveman's documentary about life in 10,000 B. C. E.
* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheFairlyOddParents'', Timmy wishes there was no such thing as technology, so Cosmo and Wanda turn the clock back to the stone age.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheBackyardigans'' sometimes pretend to be cavemen, though the dinos are optional.
* The ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb'' episode "Tri-Stone Area", set in 27, 000 B.C., where "Phineagrunk And Gurb" invent the wheel.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/DuckTales'' episode "Marking Time", Scrooge literally travels back to 1 million BC to find a land in which caveducks coexisted with dinosaurs. And yet, this is something of an aversion; after all, dinosaurs did coexist with ancestral ducks. However, it does therefore imply that the DuckUniverse takes place in the Paleocene, which would make sense, since that was a time dominated by [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gastornis six-foot birds related to ducks]].
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSmurfs'' Season 9 began with the Smurfs traveling to the prehistoric past to bring a baby dinosaur home, and encountering an evil cave child that captures Clumsy and uses him for the "magic power" he possesses of being able to start a fire.
-->"[[WesternAnimation/TheFlintstones WIIIILLLLMAAAAA!!!!]]"
* The French-Belgian movie ''Animation/TheMissingLink'' (known as ''B.C. Rock'' in the US) is the story of the first human born among apemen, and naturally it is set in this era. To be precise, the first scene takes place on May 25th, 196,303 B.C.
* The ''WesternAnimation/SpongeBobSquarePants'' episode [[Recap/SpongeBobSquarePantsS3E14Ugh "Ugh"]] (aka, "Spongebob B.C. - Before Comedy") depicts a {{Flintstone them|ing}}ed version of Bikini Bottom where [=SpongeGar=], Patar and Squag discover fire.