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[[caption-width-right:236: ''[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PlvgcQ2Y8M0 Vive l'Empereur!]]'']]

->''"What is Napoleon? A hand in a jacket. A strange hat. If you show these in Japan, the United States, or France, all will say: Napoleon!"''
-->-- '''Jean Tulard, French Historian'''

Born '''Napoleone di Buonaparte''' in 1769 in Corsica, he rose to prominence during the FrenchRevolution, and earned his military spurs fighting to defend the nascent French Republic from the rest of Europe, who invaded France to try and put the deposed Bourbons (the French royal family) back on the throne. He eventually took power in a ''coup d'état'' in 1799 and [[AwesomeMomentOfCrowning crowned himself]] Napoleon I, [[TheEmperor Emperor]] of the French, in 1804. He then tried to conquer Europe during the [[NapoleonicWars wars named after him]], and came close to succeeding (to be fair, Europe shot first). He's pretty remarkable in that he came from nowhere and his sheer will alone was enough to forge an empire, something few have achieved (AlexanderTheGreat, GenghisKhan and AdolfHitler being the other famous examples). Lived by AsskickingEqualsAuthority, sometimes personified as a VillainWithGoodPublicity or a real life MagnificentBastard; some famous anti-Napoleonites such as [[WarAndPeace Leo Tolstoy]] would go so far as to describe him as a murderous SmugSnake while admirers such as Creator/VictorHugo would emphasize his {{Badass}} legend.

With [[EarlyInstallmentWeirdness two exceptions]] early in his career, the only way to defeat him was to [[WeHaveReserves make sure you outnumbered him]] (and [[UnderdogsNeverLose even that wouldn't guarantee it]]). Near the end, his opponents would literally design entire campaign strategies around avoiding fighting him directly and targeting his weakest subordinate commanders. When asked to name the greatest military leader of his time, his final opponent UsefulNotes/TheDukeOfWellington said something like, "In this age, in past ages, in any age, Napoleon."

After being overthrown, Napoleon was [[PutOnABus imprisoned on the Italian island of Elba]] in 1814, then escaped and took back power for about a hundred days, before losing the Battle of Waterloo (as immortalised in song by {{ABBA}}, although [[ItsPronouncedTropay natives pronounce it "wha-ter-lo"]]). This time, the other European nations sent him further away to [[PutOnABusToHell St Helena in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean]], where he died of... stomach cancer? Deliberate arsenic poisoning? ''Accidental'' arsenic poisoning? Well, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon_I#Cause_of_death he died]], in any case. His remains were brought back to France and buried in the Hôtel des Invalides in Paris in 1840, on the initiative of Adolphe Thiers and King Louis-Philippe.

Napoleon was a master of propaganda, and French printing presses under his rule could go so far as to fabricate entire battles solely for the purpose of glorifying the Emperor. In the field, he kept a staff of artists in his entourage (as did the Duke of Wellington) to capture and romanticise his victories as they took place. A despot though he may have been, he was much loved by his people and his troops alike, evident in the results of the various referendums he governed France through. The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleonic_Code Napoleonic Code]] in particular was one of the first attempts at replacing the patchwork legal framework of feudalism with something more egalitarian, and a fair percentage of governments that came after his have stolen pages from its book, if not the [[{{Doorstopper}} whole darn thing]] itself.

Although generally recognised as the greatest general of his day by his enemies, he was prone to ignoring (what hindsight shows to be) good ideas with "ItWillNeverCatchOn," dismissing both the utility of the rifle (which cost his troops in Spain, see ''{{Sharpe}}'') and Robert Fulton's steamship (see Quotes page). His tried-and-tested tactics earned him some decisive victories, but their predictability after their use in two decades of war was at least one of the reasons Waterloo went the way it did.

History debates whether he was a brilliant leader or Corsica's greatest gangster. France naturally celebrates his victories and he's a symbol of nationalistic pride not unlike JoanOfArc, but they also acknowledge that his triumphs ran directly contrary to the principles of the Revolution that gave birth to him. Others consider him a tyrant and a precursor of what was to come for Europe. The historical verdict generally falls in the middle. It cannot be doubted that Napoleon became an obstacle to peace in Europe and proved willing, even indifferent, to sacrificing thousands and later millions purely in pursuit of his own greatness. However Napoleon also did much to better the lives of his subjects (not least emancipation for the Jews) and soldiers. Dictator and supreme opportunist though he was, Napoleon was nothing like the genocidal lunatics and totalitarian monsters who would rise in the first half of the 20th century.

Opinions are all over the place about the guy, but the fact remains that he certainly created a large legacy, especially in French law:

* The Napoleonic Code (or French Civil Code), which is still in use and constantly modernized.
* The lycée, a three-year course of further secondary education for children between the ages of 15 and 18 which leads to:
* The baccalauréat, the main diploma required to pursue university studies in France.
* Looting of artefacts from other countries for domestic museums (making him an AdventurerArchaeologist).
* The Rosetta Stone's discovery, allowing for Egyptian hieroglyphics to be read.
* Emancipation of the Jews.
* He singlehandedly doubled the size of UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates by selling all his land west of the Mississippi to the Americans. The American agents had requested only a small piece of it, which he refused, only to counter-offer the entire territory. Some sources say he did this not only because maintaining effective contact with that distant region was near impossible with the British blockade, but also so the young United States would become more of a threat to Britain. [[WarOf1812 They did]], but briefly.
* His campaigns are still studied by military students to this day.

His nephew became Napoleon III but his Mexican invasion and his [[UsefulNotes/FrancoPrussianWar war with the soon to be unified Germany]] lost him popular support at home. He died in exile in London.

TheNapoleon and NapoleonDelusion are both named after him. Ironically, the former doesn't really apply (since he was average height), and he himself can't by definition have had a NapoleonDelusion. [[DontExplainTheJoke Since, you know, he]] ''[[DontExplainTheJoke was]]'' [[DontExplainTheJoke Napoleon]]. The famous hand-in-jacket pose, much used and parodied by actors portraying him, can be seen in the page picture, by the French painter Jacques-Louis David (who also painted a famous picture of the Emperor's coronation in 1804). The trope HandsInPockets is the reasoning behind this famous pose, in reality Napoleon didn't always do this pose except in portraits, like many other famous people at that time.

Contrary to [[CommonKnowledge popular belief]], he was not actually short. He was known as "The Little Corporal" (''le petit caporal'') because he would fraternize with his troops and catered to the little people; petit(e) is a term of endearment in French. He was 5'2" in the ''French'' method of measurement, clocking in at 1.7 meters (5'7") when his body was measured at time of death. Given height back then wasn't as tall as the current standard, 5'7" was probably above-average at the time, but Napoleon also made a habit of populating his [[PraetorianGuard Imperial Guard]] with men not less than 6 feet tall, making him look short by comparison. And the rest of Europe, who had [[DesignatedVillain reasons to dislike him anyhow]], took all this and ran with it.

Napoleon was exceptionally attractive to women due to his dark, brooding good looks (much more so in his younger days than later on) and his magnetic personality, and his romantic life combines elements of TheCasanova, ChivalrousPervert and LadykillerInLove. He was married twice, to Josephine de Beauharnais, the great love of his life, and to the Austrian Archduchess Marie-Louise. He had at least half-a-dozen serious extramarital or premarital affairs and numerous shorter liaisons, and fathered at least three children, all sons (one with Eléonre Denuelle, a member of the entourage of one of his sisters, one with one of his favorite mistresses, the Polish noblewoman Marie Walewska, and one with his second wife Marie-Louise).

!!Tropes Applying to Napoleon:
* TheAce: No real human being can truly embody this trope, but in popular perception Napoleon is often lifted to this status, considered to be one of the most competent and accomplished people to have ever lived.
* AdventureArchaeologist: His invasion of Egypt makes him this. Especially when his troops found the Rosetta Stone (which promptly got nicked by the British), which enabled scholars to decipher Ancient Egyptian writing for the first time in millenia.
* AlternateCharacterInterpretation: In France and Poland, he is the great hero. In other European countries, he is usually seen as a tyrant and an invader, though some do have a more respectful view of him. Egypt and Haiti understandably don't like him either. In the United States, he's remembered as the cool guy who sold the Louisiana Territory to the young country and portrayals of him usually lean more toward the positive end.
* AsskickingEqualsAuthority
* AuthorsOfQuote
* AwesomeMomentOfCrowning: To symbolize his self-belief and achievements, rather than ''be'' crowned Emperor, he took the crown from Pope Pius VII. He and his Empress remained ''seated'' during the Litany of the Saints, and the entire vast ceremony was said to cost 8.5 million francs - over ''two billion dollars'' in modern currency, and a significant portion of the entire French treasury.
* ArchEnemy: He was this to Britain, the only state to be consistently anti-Napoleon/anti-French, from the beginning of the French Revolutionary Wars to the Battle of Waterloo. More generally, he considered the British Royal Navy to have been the greatest, most annoying, and most persistent thorn in his side, as their blockade of Europe and victories at sea put paid to his ambitions of invading Britain. It was for this reason he chose to surrender to a British warship in 1815:
-->''"Everywhere wood swims, I find this flag of England"''
* {{Badass}}: One of the finest military leaders ever to have lived.
** BadassBookworm: Hugely well-read; especially in military matters.
** BadassInANiceSuit: His fashion sense is well documented in pictures. His favored attire in the field was a green uniform jacket and a grey greatcoat.
** BadassLongcoat: In the legendary painting of him crossing the Alps. He also favored the greatcoat as field attire.
** ColonelBadass: A colonel by the age of 23, he retook Toulon from a British-Monarchist expedition, and in so doing won his first theater command: general of the French armies in Italy.
** FourStarBadass: A truly masterful general.
* BeamMeUpScotty: The Battle of Waterloo actually took place at Mont Saint Jean. Waterloo was the name of the nearby town from which dispatches regarding the battle were sent back to England. Apparently there was some misunderstanding of this at the British end, but the press ran with the name and later historians have mostly not bothered to correct them.
* TheCasanova: His affairs were well known throughout Europe, and became the talk
* TheChessmaster: An absolute master tactician, and an expert at XanatosSpeedChess to boot.
* {{Determinator}}: It took being exiled 1,162 miles from land to stop him. There is also evidence that he was planning to escape to South America and start over in the New World when he died.
* TheEmperor: A quintessential example. Provides the page image.
* AFatherToHisMen: Bonus points for actually calling his soldiers "his children".
* FullCircleRevolution: Subverted to a degree. On the one hand, the French Revolution culminated in the Republic giving way to a new French Empire. On the other hand, The Revolution's ideals and achievements were spread across Europe in a somewhat diluted form.
** One often overlooked example is that Napoleon reintroduced slavery to the French colonies after the French Republic had abolished it and also after many former slaves had helped defend those colonies against the British. He then took advantage of a brief peace with Britain to mount a military expedition to Saint-Domingue to bring the local ex-slaves to heel. Luckily for the latter, most of the European soldiers sent there ended up dying of yellow fever, which paved the way for Haitian independence.
* GameBreaker: A real-life version. The Allies, by the end of the war, made it their explicit policy to ''avoid'' him, and instead fight French armies under the command of Napoleon's marshals, who while talented were actually beatable.
* GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff: He's really popular in Poland because he supported Polish independence. In fact, he's actually mentioned in the second verse of the Polish national anthem:
-->''[[BadassBoast We'll cross the Vistula and the Warta,]]\\
We shall be Polish.\\
Bonaparte has shown the way\\
The way to victory!''
** How much Napoleon returned the affection is hotly disputed (he did take a long-term Polish mistress); the general consensus seems to be that while Napoleon respected them as soldiers, he saw the Poles in general as merely tools.
* HandsInPockets: Jacket pockets, that is.
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade / HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Depending on where you go, Napoleon is either one of the greatest men in history or one of the worst.
* MagnificentBastard: Probably the greatest tactician to ever walk the face of the Earth. He was so admired by some of his enemies that they refused to execute him when he was arrested.
** Of course it might have been a different story if he had been captured by the Prussians and not the British in 1815. And when he was transported through the South of France on his way to Elba in 1814, Napoleon became so scared that the angry crowds might want to lynch him that he disguised himself by putting on a uniform supplied by one of the Allied officers escorting him. (He sensibly chose a different route through more Bonapartist regions on his way from Elba to Paris in 1815).
** Also, there was another couple of reasons the Allies didn't execute Napoleon: on the legal front, Napoleon (even though he abdicated) was a monarch, and his person therefore untouchable. Moreover, one of the Allies' ''casus belli'' had come from the French executing their royalty, and it would undermine their moral authority to do the same. From a pragmatic standpoint, Napoleon served the Allies better to die far off and forgotten, instead of becoming a martyr.
* MasterOfAll: Not just an outstanding military commander, Napoleon was well-rounded in many areas of ruling and study.
* MoreDakka: As time wore on, Napoleon tended to rely more and more on mass formations. This probably worked best with artillery, where in several battles his "grand batteries" were able to punch big holes into the armies of the enemies. On the infantry side, the huge masses assembled on the battlefields since 1809 could become unwieldy and also often presented a target too big to miss, leading to heavy French casualties. Meanwhile, the formation of cavalry corps did reinforce a trend where cavalry units fought their own battle without properly co-operating with the other arms.
* TheNapoleon: [[SubvertedTrope Subverted]], despite being the TropeNamer.
* NeverLiveItDown: The present-day House Bonaparte, which still officially claims the (technically non-existent) ''imperial'' throne of France, while House Bourbon and House Orléans both still officially claim the (just as non-existent) ''royal'' throne of France. While the factional rivalry between bonapartists, legitimists and orleanists was one of the things that coloured Second Empire and Third Republic politics (see FrenchPoliticalSystem), the vast majority of French people today are either blissfully unaware of their claims or just don't give a rat's ass. As recently as 1997, when prince Louis Napoleon died, he passed over his son Charles Napoleon, for being a left-wing, republican [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking Corsican autonomist]], instead naming his 11-year-old grandson Jean-Christophe Napoléon heir to the imperial French throne.
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: Napoleon had to permit his general Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte when Bernadotte was offered the Swedish crown in 1810. After that meeting, Napoleon sent Bernadotte a dark look and implied he hoped they would not have to be adversaries. And ho - Bernadotte, as a Swedish crown prince, became one of Napoleon`s greatest enemies.
** Also when he decided to occupy Swedish Pomerania. Sweden, who had been neutral up to that point, promptly sided with Britain, and with a little help from Russia (and Bernadotte again), the three of them secured the victory over Napoleon.
* NouveauRiche: While his family was considered a minor branch of Italian nobility, he was seen as this by the established royal houses of Europe. Even into the present day, the Bonapartes tend to be seen by their other rivals to the French throne as upstarts.
* PetTheDog: He lifted restrictions on Jews and he supported Polish independence.
** He lifted restrictions on French Jews which he himself had imposed in the so-called ''décret infâme'' of 1808 (which nullified or postponed debts owed to Jews and also restricted their freedom of movement within France). And his attitude towards Poland was determined by the current state of his relationship with Russia.
* PutOnABus: When he was exiled to St. Helena.
* RapePillageAndBurn: ZigZagged: while this was a standard feature of warfare at the time, he made a point of not doing to ingratiate the populations off whose land he lived (especially in France itself), with the soldiers ceasing to protest as soon as they saw he ate less than them, and stopped asking when the local populations, grateful for this action, spontaneously started to ''donate more food and clothes than they could have taken by force''. On the other hand, his underlings were not always so enlightened, especially in Spain and Portugal, where French atrocities played a large part in unleashing the first true "people's war" and adding a new term to the lexicon of war: ''guerrilla''.
** Propaganda and anecdotes aside, Napoleonic warfare depended on "living off the land", and here it a system of enforced contributions organized in conjunction with the local authorities of occupied territories and annexed provinces was much more efficient than wasteful plundering by soldiers foraging on their own (where individual soldiers would eat as much as they could get and throw away the rest plus engage in wanton destruction). Not that after experiencing this for two decades the people in some parts of Europe began feeling resentful either way. The root problem was that the armies of the French Revolution had achieved an advantage in mobility over their enemies by largely dispensing with supply trains, which forced them to exploit the resources of the countries they occupied. While fighting in "rich" countries like Northern Italy and Germany this worked well enough, but the system broke down when Napoleon operated in countries which either did not have enough to properly supply his army to begin with (Poland in 1806) or where the locals took steps to deprive the invaders of the country's resources (Spain, Russia). Napoleon's inability to organize a supply system that kept pace with the constant growth in size of his army generally led to huge amounts of stragglers who would roam the countryside marauding for food.
** Played straight in one single occasion during the invasion of Egypt, as his army was tired and the Mamluks [[BlingOfWar had the habit of going at war wearing all their golden jewels]]. [[GenreSavvy And he told his men about this]]. [[CurbStompBattle The Mamluks were crushed]].
* SelfMadeMan: While he did use connections and some scheming along the way, he nonetheless ''did'' get to where he was largely by his own hand.
* UrbanLegend: There are ''so many'' about Napoleon that it is insane. One famous story is that he shot off the nose of the Great Sphinx with a cannon.
* WhatMightHaveBeen: Wellington himself described the Battle of Waterloo as 'the closest run thing' he had ever seen, which suggests that it might easily have gone the other way.
* WhenAllYouHaveIsAHammer: Napoleon came from artillery (and was a good shot with a cannon too), and his tactics tended to revolve around tricking the enemy into getting in the best place for his guns to exterminate them. While effective, this ended up costing him the battle of Waterloo, as the GenreSavvy Wellington had placed his troops behind a hill to prevent direct fire from being effective and the mud neutralized fragmentation grenades.

!!In fiction:


[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''CodeGeass'': [[AllThereInTheManual In the show's alternate history]], he conquered the British Isles, forcing the Britannian royalty to flee to North America. It is rumored he was poisoned by a Britannian assassin.
** Coincidentally, it's hinted that his Empire survives in the form of the EU...[[HufflepuffHouse which Britannia promptly wipes out largely offscreen]].
* He shows up ''very'' briefly in ''AxisPowersHetalia'' (at least the anime version), wherein he wages battle and gets apprehended ''in less than a minute.''
** Given that each Hetalia anime episode is only five minutes long, minus half a minute for the theme song, that's actually not an insignificant amount of time.
** And in-context, it's meant to show just how inept and inconsistent France is when it came to war. Needless to say, he wasn't happy.
* Napoleon has actually showed up in quite a few manga, even starring in some. Among them is a manga called ''Eikou no Napoleon – Eroica'', a sequel to ''Manga/RoseOfVersailles'' starring Napoleon and featuring characters from the other manga. On the shonen manga side, there's the [[ExactlyWhatItsaysOnTheTin simply titled]] ''[[http://napoleon.thepodcastnetwork.com/2008/03/19/napoleon-manga/ Napoleon]]''... drawn in a similar style to ''FistOftheNorthStar.''
** Also, Napoleon showed up in the manga version of ''Manga/RoseOfVersailles'', having a brief cameo at the Estates-Généreaux while on a leave (he was a second lieutenant garrisoned at Auxonne with the Régiment de La Fère), with [[SequelHook Oscar noting his eyes showed iron will and great ambition]], and then, [[SequelHook in the clothes of his coronation, in the third to last page as the hero France was waiting for]].
** Speaking of ''Manga/RoseOfVersailles'', a young Napoleon shows up in the ''Rose of Versailles''[[FollowTheLeader -inspired]] anime ''La Seine no Hoshi'', trying to tell a group of Corse rebels that the times weren't mature for a revolt and, after most of them got killed by the French Guards, helping the last survivor's escape by ''[[CrowningMomentOfAwesome taking down half a dozen French Guards by dropping a lamp on them]] [[DidntSeeThatComing from nowhere]]'' (the Guards were on a boat, and the lamp set it on fire).
* A clone of him shows up in ''Manga/AfterschoolCharisma'' and he is best friends with the main character.


[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* In "Across the Ages!", first published in ''Strange Adventures'' #60, Napoleon, Columbus and Cleopatra are brought to the year 1955 by a time traveler making an unscheduled layover. It happens to be Columbus Day, and Napoleon is infuriated that his fellow traveler gets a whole parade in his honor. So Nappy checks a local library to see how history has remembered him--and finds '''nothing''' in the card catalog! [[spoiler:He was looking under the original spelling of his name, "Buonaparte." Once the librarian helps him out, Napoleon is pleased to learn there's an entire room devoted to books about "Bonaparte."]]
* Creator/WilhelmBusch demonstrates how to draw him. [[http://gutenberg.spiegel.de/buch/4129/1 Here.]].
* In the ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'' album ''"The Big Fight"'' a doctor shows Asterix and Obelix [[NapoleonDelusion a mad Gaul dressed as Napoleon]] and says: ''"He thinks he is someone, but we don't know yet who he is?"''
** The album "Asterix in Corsica" is full with references to the fact that Napoleon was Corsican.
* Nero dresses like him in the comic strip series ''ComicStrip/{{Nero}}'' in the album ''"De Draak van Halfzeven"'' after losing his memory in a car crash. He even goes to Waterloo trying to re-do the battle.
** Meneer Pheip also thinks he's Napoleon in the ''ComicStrip/{{Nero}}'' album ''"De Dolle Steek"''.
* In DeKiekeboes album ''"Een koud kunstje"'' Napoleon was apparently frozen in the 19th century and unthawed in our time. They want him to take over the world again, but the emperor manages to flee.
* Napoleon's [[BrainInAJar head-in-a-jar]] is preserved alongside AlexanderTheGreat's, GaiusJuliusCaesar's and [[FamousFamousFictional a Martian conqueror]]'s to serve as tactical advisors to Dracula in RequiemChevalierVampire.
* ThePowerpuffGirls story "Micro Managing" (issue #68) had the Micro Puffs (three mischievous sprite versions of the girls from another dimension) brainwashing Bubbles and Buttercup each while they're sleeping that each of them should be the leader of the team. When they do it to Bubbles first, Blossom passes it off as a "Napoleon complex."
* ''ScoobyDoo Mystery Comics'' #23 (Gold Key, February 1974) had "Napoleon Lives!," in which a medium presumably brings Napoleon Bonapart to the present. He launches a grass roots army of hobos to start another global conquest. When the mystery is solved, the medium confesses that he hired a guy to portray Napoleon, but the schmuck actually believes he ''is'' Napoleon.


[[folder: FanFic]]

* The ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight'' fanfic ''FanFic/NerveDamage'' has him as one of the Archer-class Servants and [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome give Gilgamesh a desperate run for his money]] by the judicious use of ''[[MoreDakka all the artillery of the Grande Armee]]''.


[[folder: Film ]]

* ''Entrevue de Napoléon et du Pape'' (''Meeting bewteen Napoleon and the Pope''), 1897, by the Lumière brothers, is aknowledged to be the first film about him.
* ''Napoléon'', 1927, by French director Abel Gance, starring Albert Dieudonné in the title role. The film was [[ReCut reworked]] on several occasions.
** He directed ''Austerlitz'' in 1960, which deals specifically with the battle and stars Pierre Mondy as Napoleon.
* According to Guinness, Napoleon has been portrayed more times in film than any other historical character (depending on much of a "historical" character you consider {{Dracula}} to be).
* The central character of ''Film/{{Waterloo}}'', Sergei Bondarchuk's film about the battle, which came out in 1970. He is played by Creator/RodSteiger.
* After ''Film/TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey'', Creator/StanleyKubrick was all set to make a movie about Napoleon. He wrote a script and planned it out but when ''Film/{{Waterloo}}'' tanked at the box office, the financing for Kubrick's movie fell through. He went on to make ''Film/AClockworkOrange'' instead and the Napoleon movie by Kubrick is now a prime example of WhatCouldHaveBeen. Part of his [[ShownTheirWork research]], however, was useful when he made the 18th century period piece ''Film/BarryLyndon''.
** Science fiction author Creator/ArthurCClarke, who wrote the ''2001'' script for Kubrick, makes a reference to this movie as a "masterpiece" in the novel ''Literature/RendezvousWithRama'', published a few years later.
* ''BillAndTedsExcellentAdventure'' introduced him to ice cream (loved it), bowling (he did poorly), a water park named "Waterloops" (he enjoyed himself) and ''{{Risk}}'' (unsurprisingly, did fairly well).
** He's "a short dead dude".
* In ''Film/{{Quills}}'', Napoleon (whose feet are shown dangling off the floor when he sits on his throne) is dissuaded from ordering the Marquis de Sade executed for his writing, and instead orders him treated by the esteemed "alienist" Dr. Royer-Collard (MichaelCaine). Turns out, death [[MorallyAmbiguousDoctorate might have been kinder]].
* Portrayed three times by Creator/IanHolm. First in a 1974 television miniseries ''Napoleon and Love''. Next in 1981's ''Film/TimeBandits'' directed by Creator/TerryGilliam. Finally in ''Film/TheEmperorsNewClothes'' in 2001.
* The [[BilingualBonus Anglo-French]] film ''Monsieur N'' puts a particular emphasis on Napoleon's exile on St. Helena and the impact this has on both the French captives and their British watchers.
* ''Film/LoveAndDeath''. [[Creator/WoodyAllen Boris Greshenko]] tries to assassinate him. Fails miserably, of course.
* He briefly appears in ''Film/TimeBandits'' where he is obsessed with the titular characters short stature and midgets in general.


[[folder: Literature ]]

* The DoctorWhoExpandedUniverse ''World Game''.
* Pick any piece of French literature written in the late 18th, early-to-mid 19th century. The author is guaranteed to have put his opinions on Napoleon in somewhere.
** His alleged Napoleonic sympathies are what sends Edmond Dantes to jail in ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo''. Bonaparte himself is a secondary character.
** In ''Literature/LesMiserables'', Marius Pontmercy becomes a Napoleon fanboy after learning that his late father fought at Waterloo. The battle is described in detail in the book.
** He and his invasion of Russia plays a big role in ''Literature/WarAndPeace''. Tolstoy tells his low opinion on him in his {{Author Tract}}s.
* Featured in ''Literature/JonathanStrangeAndMrNorrell''. Though he never appeared onscreen, in the first part of the book much of the magicians' magic was spent helping the army against him.
* He is a prominent figure in Jeanette Winterson's ''The Passion,'' wherein he has [[SpotlightStealingSquad a midget horse groomsman, a lewd Irish priest for a lookout]], and a whole staff of cooks making chicken 24/7 because he doesn't want to wait if he happens to want one. Oh, and he eats them whole.
** Is a bit ambiguously bisexual, as well; he has some [[HoYay mild UST with Henri]], his small, young male chef.
* A significant background figure in the ''{{Temeraire}}'' series, and starts making personal appearances from the third book on.
* Literature/{{Sharpe}} meets him in exile on St Helena in ''Sharpe's Devil''; despite having fought his armies for years, Sharpe takes quite a liking to l'Empereur. Lord Cochrane plans to bust him out of the island and set him up as Emperor of a "United States of South America", but Napoleon died before they could try. (The second sentence consists of real, historical events).
* Also significantly in the background of the HoratioHornblower series. His death is a plot point in one of the later books.
** And Thus has an Expy in ''Literature/HonorHarrington'', although Napoleon's equivalent ends up causing the story to go OffTheRails and stop being Horatio Hornblower InSpace.
* A Lucian Member of the Cahill Family in ''Literature/The39Clues''.
* A major antagonist in Creator/OrsonScottCard's ''Literature/TheTalesOfAlvinMaker'' series, which takes place in a fantastical AlternateHistory version of 19th century America. He's introduced as a Corsica colonel who was [[ReassignedToAntarctica stationed in Canada by France's monarchist government]], but later succeeds in uniting Western Europe under one government (possibly permanently). He's said to have a supernatural "knack" for making people obey him and seeing others' intentions.


[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Series/JackOfAllTrades'' features Verne Troyer as Napoleon.
* In ''Series/RedDwarf'' Rimmer is very much an admirer of Napoleon. In the episode "Better Than Life", Rimmer meets (a simulation of) Napoleon and gets his autograph, much to Rimmer's elation and to Lister's amusement.
* In the TV version of ''{{Sharpe}}'', ''Sharpe's Devil'' (above) was never adapted, but instead Sharpe saw him briefly through the powder smoke at Waterloo.
* The ''Series/DoctorWho'' story "[[Recap/DoctorWhoS1E8TheReignOfTerror The Reign of Terror]]" sees companions Ian and Barbara have a close encounter with Napoleon.
* The French TV miniseries, aptly titled ''Napoleon'', is a 2002 epic that covered the life and times of ''l'Empereur'' from his meager beginnings to his death. It was apparently the most expensive miniseries made in Europe at the time.
* In ''Series/{{Bewitched}}'', he was summoned to the present by accident after a failed attempt to create a Napolean pastry using magic.
* Appeared in ''Series/IDreamOfJeannie'' after Tony expressed how he'd have wanted to have talked to him; Jeannie takes him too literally, and transports them back to Napolean's time period so he can do so.
* Went up against [[spoiler: and lost to]] GeorgeWashington during season 3 of ''Series/DeadliestWarrior''.
* Napoleon's numerous romances were the subject of the aforementioned 1974 British TV miniseries ''Napoleon and Love''. His relationship with Josephine was chronicled in the 1987 US miniseries ''[[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Napoleon and Josephine: A Love Story]]'', starring Armand Assante and Jacqueline Bisset as the titular lovers.
* He has a cameo in an episode of ''Series/TheTimeTunnel'' set during the Reign of Terror.


[[folder: Music ]]

* Creator/LudwigVanBeethoven dedicated his third symphony to Napoleon when he was First Consul. When he heard the news that Napoleon declared himself emperor, he allegedly tore the page with the title and dedication in a rage exclaiming: "''So he is no more than a common mortal! Now, too, he will tread under foot all the rights of man, indulge only his ambition; now he will think himself superior to all men, become a tyrant!''"
** While the quote is likely accurate, the act of tearing the title page is verifiably an urban legend, as the original manuscript's first page (complete with Beethoven's original dedication and his own scratch marks ''crossing it out'') is preserved.
* PowerMetal band Music/{{Judicator}} has a {{concept album}} about Napoleon's 100 Days campaign titled ''King of Rome''.


[[folder: Video Games ]]

* He's the star and central character of ''VideoGame/NapoleonTotalWar''.
* ''Cossacks II : Napoleonic Wars'' and its expansion ''Battle for Europe''.
* It was possible to kill him in the final mission of the English campaign in EmpireEarth.
* He is the AI personality of the French civilization in ''VideoGame/AgeOfEmpiresIII''.
* He is the leader of the French in ''VideoGame/{{Civilization}} I'', IV (with Louis XIV as the other option), Revolution, and V.
* A really cartoony version appears in ''VideoGame/{{Psychonauts}}''. He took over his descendant's mind as an unwanted SplitPersonality, causing a halfway NapoleonDelusion.
* There's a GameBoyAdvance game about Napoleon, but it was only released in Japan (where it was called Napoleon) and France (where it was called L'Aigle de Guerre). There is an English fan translation patch for the French version though. It's one of the very few RTS games on the system and it actually works very well. It does take some liberties (how appropriate) with the story though, since Napoleon's army ends up fighting yetis and ogres later on.
* Napoleon's body is brought back to life in the present day at the beginning of ''VideoGame/RhythmThiefAndTheEmperorsTreasure''. He goes on to be the BigBad.
* In ''VideoGame/TheAncientArtOfWar'', Napoleon is a general prone to underestimating his enemy.
* The ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'' Empoleon from ''VideoGame/PokemonDiamondAndPearl''. Its name is a combination of emperor (as in "emperor penguin"), pole (as in "South Pole")... and ''Napoleon''.
* In ''VideoGame/VampireNight'', Bathe'lemy is inspired by and modeled after Napoleon, given that the story is set in [[{{Zeerust}} an alternate version of the modern-day France]] where that still akin to TheFrenchRevolution.


[[folder: Web Comics ]]

* ''TheInexplicableAdventuresOfBob:'' being a recovering megalomaniac herself, Galatea developed a fangirl crush on the historical Napoleon during her stay in Paris.
* Napoleon is a reoccurring character in ''HarkAVagrant''.


[[folder: Web Original ]]

* ''Literature/LookToTheWest:'' Napoleon proper doesn't exist, but an alternate history sibling of his is taken with his family when they flee Corsica for England. There he is bestowed with the Anglicized name "Leo Bone." He joins the Royal Navy, and eventually becomes the non-monarch head of Restored Royal France. And much crosstime irony is had for all.
* There are timeslines on Website/AlternateHistoryDotCom that imagine Napoleon triumphant in one way or another. Depending on the writer, this generally leads to his descendants either ruling a French superpower or a Fascist nightmare (example: contrast ''[[http://www.alternatehistory.com/Discussion/showthread.php?t=90610 Napoleon's Victory]]'' to ''Literature/BritishImperialismOfThe19thCentury'').


[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* Characters/BugsBunny once met Napoleon in the 1956 ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' short, "Napoleon Bunny-Part."
* In one episode of ''TheFairlyOddparents'', he gives Timmy his danish (which he keeps in his coat) as part of Cupid's scavenger hunt.
* Playing on the height stereotype, the Brain is mistaken for him in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/PinkyAndTheBrain''. Brain also sings of him in [[http://youtu.be/Yjs7NL-YnfU A Meticulous Analysis of History]].
* In ''TheMagicSchoolBus'' episode about friction, he makes an extremely short and extremely silly cameo in in Dorothy Ann's physics lecture--as does the entire British army.
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Histeria}}'', [[NoCelebritiesWereHarmed he looks and sounds like]] [[FantasyIsland Hervé Villechaize]]. He keeps a tambourine in his coat.
* Napoleon, what's left of him, cheers [[WesternAnimation/RockosModernLife Rocko]] on when he decides to meet the girl of his dreams at the top of the Eiffel tower.
* His clone in ''WesternAnimation/CloneHigh'' is a short and short-tempered shopkeeper who makes Abe and Gandhi's Christmas holidays a living hell. "MANGEZ LA VERRE!!!"[[note]]"Eat the glass!"[[/note]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/TimeSquad'' Napoleon is shown as a man who doesn't actually talk but makes these tweeting noises as if he spoke French, and is totally "whipped" by his wife Josephine, she demands that he should stop conquering and take care of the kids while she goes off to community college.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/SchoolhouseRock'' cartoon "Elbow Room", a midget-sized Napoleon does the hand-in-jacket gesture before pulling out a map of the Louisiana Territory, which he passes to UsefulNotes/ThomasJefferson.