NGO stands for "non-governmental organization". These independent entities are often international in scope and shepherding thousands of employees, focus on world problems such as poverty, health care or women's rights. Unlike corporations, [=NGOs=] are not-profit. Real [=NGOs=] that are well known include the Red Cross, Oxfam, Doctors Without Borders and Amnesty International.

In fiction, these organizations may be fictionalized versions of real [=NGOs=], or entirely new organizations that might take on real or fantastic threats - say, an NGO that focuses on the threat of robot invasions. Such non-state actors tend to be supported by rich benefactors, either eccentric philanthropists or a shadowy council.

If they're not really that non-governmental, they're called "quango", short for "quasi-NGO".

Compare/contrast NGOSuperpower. Due to its profit motive, a MegaCorp generally isn't counted as a true NGO despite its non-governmental nature.

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!!Examples:

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[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''TowerOfGod'': The Walhaiksong, founded by Urek Mazino, is an organization that seeks to leave the Tower instead of climbing or residing in it and has as much influence as the [[BlueBlood Ten Great Families]].
* Solomon, including the [=STNJ=], from ''WitchHunterRobin'', with shades of ChurchMilitant.
* Nergal Heavy Industries in ''MartianSuccessorNadesico'', straddling the line between this and MegaCorp.
* Celestial Being in ''{{Gundam 00}}''.
* Terminal in ''GundamSeedDestiny''.
* Several characters in ''{{Negima}}'' mention that most mages on Earth work with various [=NGOs=] across the planet.

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[[folder: Film ]]

* ''Film/{{District 9}}'': Multinational United likes to think of themselves as this. However, they are more of a MegaCorp
* [=SPECTRE=] from the ''Film/JamesBond'' flims. They're a terrorist organization, who ironically use beneficent [=NGOs=] as covers.
* The ''Film/MenInBlack'' become this after cutting off ties with the United States government.

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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* [=OmniFam=] from ''Series/{{Alias}}''
* In one episode of ''Series/CityOfMen'', an unnamed [=NGO=] gives Larajinha and Acerola a video camera.
* International Rescue from ''Series/{{Thunderbirds}}''.
* The {{Sanctuary}} network.
* The Phoenix Foundation from ''Series/MacGyver''.
* Foundation for Law and Government in ''KnightRider''.

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[[folder: Literature ]]

* The Encyclopedia Foundation in the Literature/{{Foundation}} series. It starts off as an [=NGO=] devoted to preserving all the knowledge in the universe. [[spoiler: However, it turns out to be a ruse.]]
** The Foundation presented itself as this during "the Four Kingdoms" period, claiming to be a religious order that helps any nation with its needs. [[spoiler: The reality was that the Scientific faith was just a tool of the Mayor to help protect the Foundation.]]
* The Wilmarth Foundation in the CthulhuMythos, which attempts to deal with the Great Old Ones.
* The Howard Foundation in Creator/RobertAHeinlein's Future History, whose purpose of extending human lifespans through selective breeding.

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[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* The United Nations Tribunal for International Law, or [=UNTIL=]. In the {{Champions}} Universe, they're often the first line of defense when supervillains drop by for a visit.
* The Aeon Society, later Aeon Trinity, in WhiteWolf's TabletopGame/TrinityUniverse.
* [=ComStar=] and the Word of Blake in ''BattleTech'', who are in charge of interstellar communications in the Inner Sphere.

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[[folder: Video Games ]]

* BSAA (the Bioterrorism Security Assessment Alliance) from ''Franchise/ResidentEvil''
* Philanthropy from ''Franchise/MetalGear''
* Vanguard, a special branch of the U.N. in CityOfHeroes. A joint task force of both heroes and villains, its primary goal is to protect Earth from invasions by the Rikti and other extraterrestrial sources.
* The Carrington Institute in ''VideoGame/PerfectDark''.
* The Grey Wardens in ''VideoGame/DragonAgeOrigins.''
* The Brotherhood of Nod ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquer''.

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[[folder: Web Original ]]

* Wiki/SCPFoundation.

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[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* ''WOOHP'' (World Organization Of Human Protection) from ''WesternAnimation/TotallySpies''. Their background is however a bit unclear. They have connection with several governments but don't rely on them.
* ''The Center'' in the ''WesternAnimation/MartinMystery'' cartoon, also an MIB agency.
* The ''KidsNextDoor''

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[[folder: Real Life ]]

* In Afghanistan, many [=NGOs=] provide aid and assistance to the Taliban and their allied insurgent groups. Sometimes the Taliban demands medical aid as a condition for the NGO to operate in their area, while other times the NGO actually supports Islamic jihad. When these groups are identified and targeted, their governments refuse to admit they colluded with the enemy to avoid being shamed.
* The ''National Underwater and Marine Agency'' (NUMA), originally created by Clive Cussler for his ''NUMASeries'' novels featuring Dirk Pitt, then {{defictionalized}}. The fictional version was the oceanic equivalent of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The RealLife version is an [=NGO=] and not likely run as it is portrayed in the novels.
* The Wikimedia Foundation, which hosts Wiki/{{Wikipedia}} as part of its mission "to empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally", is an arguable {{defictionalization}} of the [[Literature/{{Foundation}} Encyclopedia Foundation]].
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