->'''George Smiley:''' "In my time, Peter Guillam, I've seen Whitehall skirts go up and come down again. I've listened to [[HeadInTheSandManagement all the excellent arguments for doing nothing]], and [[DyingLikeAnimals reaped the consequent frightful harvest]]. I've watched people hop up and down and call it progress. I've seen [[NoGoodDeedGoesUnpunished good men go to the wall]] and [[KarmaHoudini the idiots get promoted with a dazzling regularity]]. All I'm left with is me and thirty-odd years of cold war without the option."\\
'''Peter Guillam:''' "So what does that mean in little words?"\\
'''George Smiley:''' "It means that if a rogue elephant, to use Saul Enderby's happy phrase, charges at me out of the thicket of my past and gives me a second shot at it, I intend to shoot it dead - but with the minimum of force."
-->-- ''[[JohnLeCarre Smiley's People]]''

Sometime in the past, a character has suffered through MyGreatestFailure. In the present, they are faced with an opportunity that will cause them to face the thing they failed at again. This usually happens in a couple ways:

* Something happens to remind them of the past event, and the character takes the second chance as a challenge and engage in a quest to complete the task properly. If time travel is involved, this can overlap with SetRightWhatOnceWentWrong but in a much more [[ItsPersonal personal]] way.
* Something happens that is ironically similar or closely related to the thing they failed at the first time. The old failure may haunt them and be a source of shame someone or something they care about/are responsible for is at stake; it may be a DieOrFly situation. The character often must overcome their self-doubt to deal with the issue.

Can be the motivation for planning OneLastJob, or an opportunity for dealing with ThatOneCase or the thing that brings a character out for MandatoryUnretirement.

Whether a character succeeds at their second chance depends on the tone of the work and/or the demands of the plot. Failure to overcome the challenge may result in a DownerEnding and push the character into severe depression. Sometimes they will succeed in the attempt but fall prey to RedemptionEqualsDeath. Sometimes they will succeed spectacularly, cue the celebration and the end credits. The FailureKnight exists to try to bring the good outcome of this about. Related to HistoryRepeats.
----
!!Examples:

%%
%% Examples on this page are in alphabetical order within the media sections. Please add new examples within that ordering scheme.
%% Examples should be in the format: ''WorkName'':
%%

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga]]
* ''Anime/AngelBeats'': The main characters of the series are people who died with regrets, and are trapped in the afterlife until they can come to terms with it, which commonly takes the form of a situation with similarities to something from their life.
** During the baseball episode, Hinata (the second baseman) receives a game-deciding fly-ball, which is hard to see due to the sun. This situation more-or-less exactly mimics his high-school baseball team's final game in the national championships, where he failed to catch the ball. [[spoiler: He also fails in the afterlife, because Yui [[TakahashiCouple tackles him from behind]] as revenge.]]
** In the ending of the series: [[spoiler: Yuri graduates from the afterlife, satisfied that she led the people under her command well, as opposed to her life, where she felt responsible for her younger sibling's deaths. Hinata feels satisfied that he was an asset to the team, as opposed to his life where he ended up being a liability. Naoi becomes satisfied that Otonashi was proud of him, as opposed to his life, where he never accomplished anything until the death of his brother, at which point his father only ever saw him as a replacement for his brother.]]
* ''HajimeNoIppo'': The story about Date Eiji in 'revolves around this trope. Back when he was young, he fought against the undefeatable world champion Ricardo Martinez, but lost in the second round. After that, he quit boxing, until his wife pulled a [[WhatTheHellHero What The Hell]] [[strike:[[WhatTheHellHero Hero]]]] [[WhatTheHellHero Husband]] on him because she could see he was bored and depressed with his life as a salary man and urges him to step back into the boxing ring. He does, and becomes Japanese champion. After [[spoiler:''winning'']] against Ippo, he once again challenges Ricardo Martinez. It's shown that he surpassed his old self, [[spoiler:however, he does fail to win against Martinez yet again and retires forever.]]
* ''{{Kaiji}}'': One of the major driving forces for Kaiji to keep gambling in about 6 occasions to date. Lampshaded when [[spoiler:he tries to get a Greatest Third Chance and the debt collectors simply tell him that people that deal with them only get two chances.]] The next part, of course, [[spoiler:has some more people offering him a ...fifth chance?]]
* ''LightNovel/KazeNoStigma'':
** The first arc motivates Kazuma a great deal, since he's called upon to save his younger brother from being sacrificed to a demon... just like his beloved Cui Ling was sacrificed to a demon while he watched helplessly, years ago...
** Over the entire anime, it's almost outright stated that Ayano is his second chance at finding true love.
* ''Anime/TheCastleOfCagliostro'': Lupin III got his ass kicked 10 years before trying to infiltrate the castle and discover the source of the famous counterfeit Goat Bills. His and Jigen's heist of what turns out to be counterfeit money from a casino and the attempted rescue of Clarisse sets him on the task again.
* In the second half of ''MagicKnightRayearth'', this is essentially why Hikaru seeks to find a way to become the Pillar of Cepharo - because she refuses [[spoiler:to let anyone else suffer the same fate as Princess Emeraude.]] She even openly defies the rules to become the Pillar when she rescues the man who was trying to do the same thing, but in a TakingYouWithMe fashion.
* ''{{Trigun}} (anime)'': In a flashback, it is shown that Vash's {{Mentor}} figure, Rem, had once tried to talk down a crewmember who had gone insane and killed his girlfriend. Another crewmember stepped in and forced the offender [[ThrownOutTheAirlock out of an airlock]] before the situation could be resolved otherwise. Much later, after Vash has been pushed past his DespairEventHorizon, he is captured by some locals who blame him for all of the horrible events that have happened throughout the series and plan to kill him in revenge. Until Meryl steps in. Citing an almost identical speech about the immorality of killing no matter the circumstances, and holding an [[CrucifiedHeroShot identical pose]], she convinces the group's leader to lay down his weapons, helping to restore Vash's faith in humanity and snap him out of his HeroicBSOD.
* ''WolfsRain'': This is the motivation behind Tsume's attachment to Toboe.
* ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamWing Endless Waltz'' implies that Heero considers protecting Relena his second chance to make up for an incident in his past where an attack on a military base went haywire and destroyed an apartment building, killing many, in particular a little girl and her dog whom Heero had met the day before. The connection is drawn with the symbolic use of teddy bears; the little girl's bear was found in the ruins of the building (and is in fact the one Relena sees in the TV series' first opening sequence), and at the end of the TV series Heero gave Relena a teddy bear for her birthday.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comics]]
* ''SpiderMan'': This has come up a few times, wherein Spidey must save someone who is falling off a bridge, and gets a chance to atone for what happened to Gwen Stacy. In a ''ComicBook/WhatIf'' comic (v2 #86), he uses impact webbing instead of a regular web-line to save MJ and their daughter. In another, he tells Mary Jane that he's replayed Gwen's fate in head so often that he knows ''exactly'' what to do should it happen again.
** In ''ComicBook/UltimateSpiderman'', Peter viewed his failure to prevent Uncle Ben's murder as this. [[spoiler:He dies happy because he was at least able to prevent Aunt May's death.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film - Animation]]
* ''Disney/{{Tarzan}}'': Kala is unable to save her baby from Sabor. When she discovers a baby Tarzan, the lone survivor of his family (also killed by Sabor), she quickly takes a shine to him. Then Sabor strikes again. ''This'' time Kala is able to save her new child.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film - Live Action]]
* ''AceVentura: When Nature Calls'' parodies the situation from ''Film/{{Cliffhanger}}''.
* ''TheBestOfTimes'' (1986, RobinWilliams and Creator/KurtRussell): The main characters' greatest failure was a football catch they blew in a big high school game; they obsess over it so much that years later, when they're in their 30s and out of shape, they plan a rematch game. HilarityEnsues.
%%* ''Film/{{Cliffhanger}}''
* ''Film/InTheLineOfFire'': Frank Horrigan has a second chance to save the President of the US from assassination after he was not able to protect JFK in Dallas.
* ''Film/LastActionHero'':
** Mr. Benedict, TheDragon, has lost many times to Jack Slater, the titular action hero in the world-within-the-movie. When they cross over to the real world where the chance to die is real, suddenly he comprehends the concept of "WhyDontYaJustShootHim"... [[spoiler:It almost works.]]
** In the real world, Jack is able to save Danny from a fate matching that of his own son.
* ''NightAtTheMuseum: Battle of the Smithsonian'': Custer (actually a wax model of him) got a second chance to be a leader.
* ''Film/TheSixthSense'': Malcolm meets a boy who seems very similar to the one he failed to cure, and sees this as a chance to redeem himself.
* ''Franchise/StarWars'': Luke is Obi-Wan's (and to a lesser extent Yoda's) second chance at saving the galaxy from the Sith in after their failure with Anakin.
-->'''Yoda''': "No. ThereIsAnother..."
** The situation where Vader chooses to Save Luke is almost identical to the situation where he choose to save Palpatine for his own selfish reasons rather than doing the good.
* ''[[{{Tremors}} Tremors 2]]'': Earl Bassett reluctantly accepts a well-paying Graboid-hunting job because all of his attempts to cash in on his first encounter with the creatures went belly up. In ''Tremors 3'', it's mentioned [[spoiler: the second time around he succeeded, and is now running a successful Graboid theme park.]]
* ''Film/{{Vertigo}}'': [[spoiler: After Scottie discovers Judy to be the same Madeline he loved, but apparently failed to prevent from jumping out of a bell tower, he drives her to the tower. He then forces her to help re-enact the incident, except allow him to stop her from leaping. Scottie even calls this his second chance.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* ''Literature/CodexAlera'', by JimButcher: [[spoiler:Fade/Araris]] [[FailureKnight blames himself]] for Septimus's death and considers [[spoiler:protecting his son Gaius Octavian]] his second chance.
* ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles'', by JimButcher: It evolves that [=McCoy=] [[spoiler:taught Harry's mother before she ran wild]] and so regards Harry as his second chance.
* ''Literature/ForeverGate'': Guilt ridden by allowing his daughter to be revised(i.e. brainwashed) Hoodwink takes the heat for a bombing she comitted to make up for it. Then he climbs the Forever Gate because his inner PapaWolf won't let him ever miss an opportunity to keep his daughter safe.
* ''SmileysPeople'', by JohnLeCarre: This is the driving theme; see the page quote.
* ''{{Timeline-191}}'', by HarryTurtledove: At the end of the series about the aftermath of the Confederacy winning the Civil War, General Clarence Potter, a leader of the Confederacy [[spoiler: who have just been overwhelmingly defeated in WorldWarII, encounters an angry & disgruntled Confederate soldier intent on revenge. Potter tells the man to move on, accept the end of the war and get on with his life and then reflects that he wishes he'd said something similar to Jake Featherston, whose anger at the Confederacy's previous defeat to the USA turned him into this world's version of AdolfHitler.]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'':
** ''SonsOfFenris'', by LeeLightner: Within the FramingDevice, when Tor has unwisely led his forces into an ambush, Ragnar [[CareerBuildingBlunder chooses him to lead the attack]] on a [[CoolGate warp portal]], because when he had been a young Space Wolf, he had been permitted a second chance, to reclaim the Spear of Rus after losing it while foiling a plot of the Thousand Sons. He explains that Tor
-->''Needs an opportunity to redeem himself, Ranulf. Redemption requires two things, desire and opportunity. I know this better than most.''
* ''WheelOfTime'': This sort of [[EpiphanyTherapy epiphany]] is what [[spoiler:breaks Rand out of his "Grr arrgh gotta be hard and bastardly!" funk at the end of book 12.]]
* ''ASongOfIceAndFire'' has this for a number of characters as the series goes on (being the series it is, very few people have nothing they regret failing at and wouldn't mind fixing in some way). Most notably are those who failed the Targaryen Regime the first time, and are trying various methods to help reinstate it. Ser Barristan Selmy is one when it comes to helping [[spoiler: Daenerys]] after being "dismissed" from King's Landing. [[spoiler: Jon Connington trying to get Aegon on the throne is another.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{House}}'': In the episode "All In", House has a young boy patient dying of something in a case similar to an earlier one with an old woman whose death came about because of his failure to diagnose it. He insists on taking the case even though the boy's case may not be alike at all.
* ''LawAndOrderCriminalIntent'': Goren's mentor seizes on the fact that the latest case resembles his ThatOneCase and forces his way into the investigation. Goren suspects that he committed the murder and staged it to save face, however the inevitable twist reveals that [[spoiler:his daughter did it, as he spent his entire childhood talking to serial killers instead of paying attention to her]].
* ''Franchise/PowerRangers'':
** In the first season, Jason failed to stop the green candle from burning so Tommy lost his Green Ranger powers. [[BigBad Lord Zedd]] [[NeverRecycleYourSchemes made candles for the other Rangers]] in Season 2.
** ''Series/PowerRangersZeo'': Subverted, where we learn Jason still has not gotten over failing Tommy personally and vows to not let it happen for a second time.
* ''SecondChance'': The show was about a man who was sent back in time by Saint Peter to make sure his younger self (Matthew Perry) got set on the straight and narrow so he could get into Heaven.
* ''Franchise/StarTrek'':
** ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'': The episode "Obsession", in which Kirk encounters a monster he failed to destroy 11 years ago; he felt that his earlier hesitation at the ship's phaser console cost 200 crewmen and the ship's captain. He's determined to make up for that failure no matter what the cost. Along the way, it turns out that the creature is not affected by phasers and Kirk realizes firing on time on the creature in the earlier encounter would have made no difference.
** ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'':
*** The episode "Tapestry" has Q take Picard back in time to stop himself from getting in a fight which left him with an (about to kill him in the present) artificial heart. What he doesn't realize is how influential that old failure was in creating TheCaptain character he became.
*** The episode "The Pegasus": 12 years previous Riker covered up an illicit Starfleet experiment that got most of his crewmates killed in the name of following orders. When a similar situation happens in the episode, he disobeys orders in order to uphold his principles and save his crew.
*** A Ferengi, still bitter with Picard over their defeat by him at the Battle of Maxia, spends years plotting his revenge. More specifically revenge for [[spoiler: [[AvengingTheVillain his son]]]]. The episode portrays him as over-reacting (as do the other Ferengi, because [[ValuesDissonance there's no profit in it]]).
** ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'': In the SeriesFinale, Captain Janeway, many years in the future, recounts how it took over 20 years and too many deaths to bring Voyager home; when offered the chance to go back in time and SetRightWhatOnceWentWrong, she jumps at it.
** Another episode, "Timeless", Voyager was destoryed due to a mistake of Kim trying to fix a quantum drive so they could get back home quicker. He and Chakotay were the only survivors and managed to make it back to Earth. However he blamed himself and set out to fix the damage by sending instructions to the past. [[spoiler: Subverted the first time as it plays out the same. It seems YouCantFightFate is in effect but The Doctor (who still going as he's a hologram) suggests trying to avert the disaster rather adjusting the drive. This time it works and good thing too as their future selves are killed just as they save their past selves.]]
* ''TwiceInALifetime'': A celestial judge gave a recently deceased person a second chance to go back in time and try and convince their younger self to make the right decision at a crucial point in their lives. Their original failure to make the right decision is what doomed them to a miserable life and ultimately got them killed.
* ''At Home With Julia'' features this in what appears to be a parody of ''InTheLineOfFire'': one of Julia Gillard's security team was on duty the day Harold Holt disappeared and [[MyGreatestFailure regrets that he failed to save him]]. So when Julia is late to a public appearance, he thinks this is his chance at redemption. (It turns out she just locked herself in the Lodge bathroom).
* Invoked during the All-Star seasons of various RealityTV [[RealityShow shows]].
* In ''Bangkok Hilton'', Hal Stanton's deepest regret is that, during World War II, [[ShootTheDog he informed on a plan by Allied troops to escape a Japanese-run prison in Thailand]], on the basis that, if the breakout succeeded, the Japanese would have executed dozens of the remaining prisoners. Making it worse is that the war would have ended before any reprisals could have been carried out. Hal's second chance comes over 40 years later, when his long-lost daughter is held in the same prison awaiting the death penalty for drug trafficking charges, and he is able to help her escape through the same tunnels that the prisoners had planned to use.
* Implicitly suggested in the revived ''Series/DoctorWho'''s first series finale, "[[Recap/DoctorWhoNSS1E13ThePartingOfTheWays "The Parting of the Ways]]". It's been gradually revealed that the Doctor ended the backstory Time War by committing double genocide, destroying the [[ScaryDogmaticAliens Daleks]] at the cost of his own people. In this episode, he has to make a similar choice, with the opportunity to press a button and produce an energy wave that will eliminate the new Dalek fleet, while also destroying all life on earth. This time, he can't go through with it. This parallel is made more explicit in [[Recap/DoctorWho50thASTheDayOfTheDoctor The 50th Anniversary Special]], where the past Doctor is shown preparing to press a BigRedButton and end the Time War. [[spoiler:And then the two most recent Doctors join him in preparing to press it with him...and then the current one experiences a EurekaMoment, changes his mind, and applies the trope triumphantly by finding a way to SetRightWhatOnceWentWrong.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Tabletop Games]]
* ''{{Exalted}}'': this is often the basis for the DealWithTheDevil by which heroic mortals become Green Sun Princes. After suffering MyGreatestFailure, a mortal who would have otherwise been a worthy candidate for Exaltation is contacted by a demon bearing an Infernal Exaltation, who offers them the power to correct their mistakes and accomplish everything they ever dreamed of...so long as they agree to serve [[EldritchAbomination the Yozis]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/ChronoTrigger'': In an optional side-quest, Lucca is given the opportunity to travel back into her own past (via an unexplained, uniquely red time portal) to prevent her mother being maimed in an accident.
** In a way, Magus' [[spoiler:finding himself in the kingdom of Zeal just before the disaster that wiped it out]] could qualify as this too. [[spoiler:Sadly, his efforts to prevent said disaster don't work.]]
* ''Franchise/FinalFantasy'':
** ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVI'': Locke fails to save his girlfriend, Rachel from falling down a pit in a cave when the bridge they're crossing collapses. A similar situation is set up during the escape from Kefka's collapsing tower at the end, but he manages to save [[DefrostingIceQueen Celes]] this time around.
*** Likewise, Rachel was afflicted with EasyAmnesia due to the concussion from the fall and was later killed. Locke sees some obvious parallels when he meets Terra, who suffers from an unrelated amnesia, and promises not to leave her side until her memory returns. (He doesn't quite manage to live up to the letter of his promise, but does play a crucial role in helping her regain her memories.)
** ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII'': Cloud failed to save Aerith. He was helpless to even move when Zack was killed before the game even started. When he finds out that Denzel and Marlene have been kidnapped in AdventChildren, it takes some chewing out from Tifa for him to get over his fear of failing again and that the second chance.
** ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyX'': The entire pilgrimage is [[spoiler:Auron's second chance to end Spira's cycle of death after giving in the first time, allowing his two best friends to die for nothing]]. It's also [[FailureKnight Lulu's]] Greatest Third Chance to actually participate in a successful pilgrimage.
* [[VideoGame/MetalGearSolid Metal Gear REX]] and [[spoiler: his father being DrivenToSuicide]] were [[GuiltComplex Hal]] [[OccidentalOtaku "Otacon"]] [[MissionControl Emmerich's]] greatest failures. Philanthropy is his (and Snake's) second chance.
* In ''VideoGame/DeadSpace2'', this is how Isaac eventually comes to view [[spoiler:Ellie. When they finally make it to the gunship (their only way off the Sprawl), Isaac overrides her control of the gunship and remotely launches it, leaving him trapped on the station.]] The {{Irony}} of the situation is this is exactly how [[spoiler:Ellie views Isaac.]]
--> '''Isaac:''' [[spoiler:I need you to be rescued. I couldn't save Nicole, but I can save you Ellie. So, uh... bye.]]
* In a sidequest in ''BaldursGate'' ''II'', it's possible to help a Paladin grieving for his deceased adopted son whom he failed to protect by introducing him to an orphaned little girl who needs someone to raise her.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Webcomics]]
* ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick'':
** Haley tries to save a Paladin with the resistance from Tsukiko's domination, explaining that she was trying so hard because of her failure to save O-Chul during the Battle of Azure City.
** After Vaarsuvius' fight with Xykon, the elf returns while invisible to rescue O-Chul. This is in contrast with an earlier event in the Battle of Azure City, where Vaarsuvius used invisibility to escape, abandoning a group of paladins to their deaths.
** Elan failed to save Therkla after she was poisoned by her boss because he never learned "Neutralize Poison". After her death he learns the spell and later puts it to good use.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/CaptainNTheGameMaster'': In an early episode, Kevin had to walk through a real-life (well, sort of) version of the one game he [[NintendoHard could never beat]], ''VideoGame/TheAdventuresOfBayouBilly''.
* ''HeyArnold'': In one episode, Arnold's Grandpa Phil finds an old rival who once beat him in a tournament of chinese checkers, Arnold convices him of entering the on tournament and they both end up in the finals, after a very long game the pieces land in the very same position as last time, and the rival starts to gloat, but Phil reveals that since last time he discovered there was one move that could end the game in a tie instead. The rival suffers a breakdown and [[WeWinBecauseYouDidNot Phil leaves with the trophy]].
* Prince Zuko has two of them in ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender''. [[spoiler:He first believes his greatest failure was failing his father, and that his second chance was to help Azula claim Ba Sing Se and return home. Later, after he has his HeelRealization and HeelFaceTurn, he realizes his greatest failure was betraying [[CoolUncle Iroh]]'s faith in him at Ba Sing Se, and that his second chance is giving an epic CallingTheOldManOut during the [[TotalEclipseOfThePlot Eclipse]] and running off to join Aang's ragtag band to teach Aang the final element he must learn: [[PlayingWithFire Firebending]].]]
** Aang himself comes to see his quest to defeat the Firelord as a way of atoning for having [[RefusalOfTheCall run away]] 100 years previously when the war began.
[[/folder]]

----