The Mossad, which translates to "the Institute" (short for "The institute for intelligence and special operations"), is the best-known Israeli intelligence agency. It is descended from the intelligence arm of the Haganah, the militia of the Jewish community (the Yishuv) and its loose quasi-state (led by the Jewish Agency for Palestine) that existed during the last days of [[TheBritishEmpire the British Mandate of Palestine]] before official independence. During WorldWarII it acted as an ally of British Intelligence as well as performing operations of its own, such as spying on Arabs, refugee smuggling and the occasional [[BestServedCold "removal"]] of notorious [[ThoseWackyNazis Nazis]]. During the ArabIsraeliConflict Mossad helped provide Israel's security, but engaged in some controversial acts, including assassinations. While these were targeted against enemies, at least one of the victims was an innocent waiter - which shows the inherant limitations of being a VigilanteMan.

Mossad has conducted some of the most well known espionage operations in the second half of the twentieth century. One of the most famous was the hunting down and abduction of Adolf Eichmann, one of the most wanted of Nazi war criminals. Like any good spy agency, Mossad's reputation is perhaps greater than its actual prowess, and this leads us to its failures of which there are many. Generally, it is considered very capable in covert operations, but not especially good when it comes to intelligence analysis. Among others, it missed the 1973 war, despite not really needing to predict it, since the Egyptians had stated they wanted to go to war, and King Hussein of Jordan told Israel of the impending war, his source being the fact that the Egyptians had asked him to join. It's consistently misread the strength of Hizbollah in the Lebanon and the Arab spring. Indeed may of its success have come in the realm of capers and failure in the field of reading and assessing trends. This is probably because of its origin as a militant group. The KGB notably had a similar problem, for the same reason.



!!Appearances of the Mossad in fiction:


[[folder: Anime And Manga ]]

* Appears in a few storylines in ''{{Golgo13}}'', one of which actually featured Moshe Dayan.


[[folder: Film ]]

* Yitzhak, The Rabbi's son in ''LuckyNumberSlevin'' has a pair of ex-Mossad bodyguards.
* ''TheManInTheGlassBooth''
* ''Film/{{Munich}}''
* ''Sword of Gideon''
* ''Film/TheDebt''
* ''Film/WalkOnWater''


[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* Special Agent Ziva David from ''Series/{{NCIS}}'' was originally a Mossad liaison officer, and her father is still its ruthless director.
* Mikel Dayan of ''Series/{{Leverage}}'' is a DarkActionGirl and ColdSniper who is also a former Mossad agent. She's now a [[HiredGuns mercenary]] who sells her services to various criminal organizations.
* ''Series/ThirtyRock'': Jack's German language teacher ended up kidnapped by Israeli commandos.
* Eyal Levin of ''Series/{{Covert Affairs}}'' is a contact and semi-lover of the heroine, usually an ally but occasionally a WorthyOpponent depending on the vagaries of the spy game.
* A female Mossad operative appears in ''StrikeBack''. Yes, she has sex with Damien Scott.


[[folder: Literature ]]

* In the {{Mathew Reiley}} book series beginning with {{Seven Ancient Wonders}}, the sniper of the team is a Mossad agent.
* Books like ''By Way of Deception'', ''Every Spy a Prince'' and ''Israel's Secret Wars''.
* Gabriel Allon in the books by Daniel Silva, is an ex-Mossad assassin turn art restorer.
* In StephenKing's novella ''[[Literature/DifferentSeasons Apt Pupil]]'', when Dussander is discovered, Dick Bowden is worried about the police and the Israeli agent speaking to Todd as he thinks that the Israeli agent is part of the Mossad and he's "heard stories about those guys' tactics". The Israeli agent isn't Mossad, however.