So, Bob has finally worked up the courage [[AnguishedDeclarationOfLove to tell Alice how he feels]]. Oh! There she is, and he finally manages to [[CannotSpitItOut spit it out]]... Only to find out that's not Alice, that's Carol!

Whoops!

This can have one of two main variations:
* Carol also has feelings for Bob and is overjoyed, Bob now has to find some way to convince her it was all a mistake.
* Alice just saw what happened and is likely to not be pleased.

In the worst case, BOTH of these things happen. Once in a blue moon, it dawns on Bob that Carol really is much better for him than Alice.

Usually played for comedy, but occasionally for drama. Compare: LoveLetterLunacy (which is mainly a specific variant caused by problems with the postal service), AccidentalMarriage

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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''SchoolRumble'': This is how [[BelligerentSexualTension Harima and Eri]] start off their relationship, as Harima mistakenly confesses to Eri instead of Tenma. Although Eri hadn't had any feelings for him ''before'' that, his heartfelt confession--in contrast to all the shallow confessions she got from the other boys and easily brushed off--freezes her into embarrassed panic. Harima is likewise frozen in panic when he realizes what happened.
* ''Potemayo'' also has an example, when one of ThoseTwoGuys "practices" confessing to one of the {{Moe Blob}}s only to do so right in front of another girl...
* How Ataru of ''UruseiYatsura'' ended up with Lum. Also a case of AccidentalMarriage.
* And a similar thing happened in ''ToLoveRu'', with someone (usually Lala) getting in Rito's way every time he tries to confess to Haruna.
* ''RanmaOneHalf'''s Ryoga ''finally'' worked up the nerve to tell Akane how he felt and why he'd used a [[LovePotion love-inducing artifact]] -- he'd meant it for her, and hit Ranma instead. But his declaration was ''also'' accidentally given to Ranma, who didn't take it well.
** In one arc, Ranma and Nabiki become engaged, instead of Ranma and Akane. After Ranma finds out that Nabiki's been playing him this whole time for a profit by saying she loved him, he wants revenge. So, he decides he'll make her feel weirded out by pretending to be in love with her. He invites her on a date, and eventually, Nabiki ends up being chased by Ranma in a maze. Ranma's determined to see it through, so he pulls her through a hedge and screams that he loves her. To his great distress, it turns out to be [[LoveInterest Akane]], not Nabiki, in his arms. Cue major freak out. (This example is possibly inverted in that he wanted to tell the non-love interest, not the love interest, that he loved her.)
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fairy Tales]]
* In ''SwanLake'' and its ballet adaptation, [[spoiler: Siegfried is tricked into doing this by Rothbart when he disguises his daughter Odile as Odette, his true love. Having thus broken his vow of love to Odette, she no longer has a chance to escape the curse that forces her to live her daylight existence as a swan. Worse, Odette (in swan form) helplessly watches this from outside the castle. In the animated version ''TheSwanPrincess'', this is enough to nearly kill her.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* A deleted scene of ''Film/StarTrek'' depicted Kirk apologizing to an Orion woman about getting her in trouble, only to find that he's talking to a different Orion woman.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* In Jill Mansell's novel ''Millie's Fling'' this occurs. Hugh decides to tell Millie he loves her, however, when he proposes to "her" she is dressed in her gorilla suit and it turns out to be her best friend - because the stripper was too busy to fill in for Millie and the history teacher wouldn't fit in the costume. It turns out Millie is in London watching her friend the recently divorced novelist have sex with her arch-enemy in a toilet cubicle. {{It Makes Sense In Context}}. However, the best friend is uninterested in Hugh and is evilly amused - and then proceeds to tell everyone she knows.
* Creator/PGWodehouse's [[Literature/JeevesAndWooster Bertie Wooster]] made a declaration of love to Madeleine Bassett on behalf of his friend Gussie. She took it as coming from him and forever after would decide to marry Bertie and make him happy whenever her love life went awry.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* An episode from a later season of {{Coupling}} reveals that [[spoiler: Patrick actually wanted to get ''Sally's'' number and ask ''her'' out, ''not'' Susan, Sally's best friend, whom he winds up dating]] until the very first episode of the season.
* On ''GossipGirl'' Serena gives her mask to Jenny at the Masquerade, causing Nate to confess his love for SERENA to Jenny. Blair, his girlfriend at the time, dumps him when she finds out, and Serena didn't recognize his true feelings until much later.
* In ''{{Friends}}'', during Ross's wedding to Emily, he mistakenly says "I take ''Rachel''" as his bride instead of Emily's name. She wasn't very happy.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyIX'', Eiko writes Zidane a love letter, and drops it off where Zidane will find it. Steiner finds it instead, and assumes it's a love note to him from Beatrix. He drops the letter, causing Beatrix to find it, who assumes the inverse.
* In ''VideoGame/WarioWareSmoothMoves'', a football player works up the courage to admit his love to Mona (who passes by him... twice) only to explode on a stray cheerleader.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* Lampshaded and averted in ''Webcomic/ItsWalky''. Danny meets with his ex, Sal, with whom there is still a mutual attraction. Danny, however, has moved on and is now in a stable relationship with Billie. He informs Sal that he intends to propose to Billie soon, and Sal congratulates him and asks to see the ring. Danny refuses, saying he knows how this goes; "I pull out the ring, and Billie comes walking around the corner..."
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/RoadRovers'': The Rover's plane is about to crash, and Blitz grabs the hand next to him and declares his love for Colleen. The hand was Exile's. His response?
-->'''Exile:''' "Please consider therapy."
* From ''TheSwanPrincess'', Derek gave one to who he thought was Odette, but was actually Rothbart's henchwoman in disguise. Made more painfully that the real Odette, in swan-form, was just outside the window and trying to get his attention from making the mistake.
[[/folder]]

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