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Any instance of a fictional subatomic particle, molecule, element or form of energy which has [[MagicAIsMagicA rigidly-adhered-to]] but [[AppliedPhlebotinum useful]] physical properties. This kind of [[{{Unobtainium}} unobtanium]] is quite rare in fiction, as having more rules to follow tends to make things harder for the writers. It is essentially a [[JustifiedTrope justified]] NecessaryWeasel, aiding WillingSuspensionOfDisbelief by back-engineering in explanations for the weird bits.

Aside from pure flavoring, having some strict mechanics behind the {{Verse}} prevents it from easily slipping into pitfalls full of MisappliedPhlebotinum and thus helps to keep the setting to the strict side of the MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness; in fact, settings with MinovskyPhysics can be LikeRealityUnlessNoted, especially if the particles are worked into the {{Anthropic Principle}}s underpinning the story. For authors, this may be viewed as a SelfImposedChallenge or a way to defuse the temptation of sneaking in NewPowersAsThePlotDemands and/or PlotInducedStupidity.

The TropeNamer is the {{Anime}} series ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam''. Creator/YoshiyukiTomino wanted to write a RealRobot anime. However, anyone remotely familiar with either engineering or military tactics will tell you that such devices are almost impossible to use effectively; a bipedal platform is needlessly complicated, hard to properly armor, and the easiest thing to shoot at on a battlefield. Enter the Minovsky Particle: an EMP-like, sensor-jamming, delicate-electronics wrecking PlotDevice that not only renders all ranged targeting and guided missiles useless, but requires [[{{Unobtainium}} Helium-3]] to produce. Consequently, humans had to [[IWantMyJetpack go to space]] to get Helium-3, fight old-school, close-combat battles using systems capable of tricky microgravity maneuvering, and eventually standardize the technology to simplify maintenance. The result? A world full of HumongousMecha -- which, far from being contrived, seems like a natural evolution of military technology ''in light of'' the Minovsky Particle. And what's truly elegant is the metafiction: from a {{Doylist}} view, Mobile Suits made the particle necessary; but from the {{Watsonian}} or InUniverse view, it's ''the particle'' that made ''Mobile suits'' necessary.

A kind of InternalConsistency. A device which ''utilizes'' the particles that follow MinovskyPhysics is a SchematizedProp. The fantasy equivalent is MagicAIsMagicA. Contrast GreenRocks, which can do anything the writer wants.

Not to be confused with [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minkowski_space Minkowski spacetime]], a theoretical construct in real-world physics that is currently used as the mainstream model for the shape and topology of our Universe (especially in formulations of Einstein's General Relativity).

Usually found AllThereInTheManual. When used to [[HandWave explain away]] [[MagicAIsMagicA magic]], see DoingInTheWizard.

'''Before you add an example''': Particles that adhere to MinovskyPhysics have to have ''very rigid and well-defined properties''.



[[folder: Trope Namer]]

* Wiki/TheOtherWiki has plenty of details on how the Minovsky Particle works: [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_Century_technology#Minovsky_physics]]
* ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'', as noted above. So famous are these particles (presumably because they are all-but unique in modern fiction) that ''VideoGame/MetalGear2SolidSnake'' gives a cheerful ShoutOut to ''Gundam'' by blaming the radar malfunction on 'Minovsky molecules.'
** To note, the Minovsky Particles were designed specifically to allow or even encourage the existence of giant combat robots fighting hand-to-hand like ancient/medieval infantry (the biggest of which is messing with electromagnetic signals used in things like radar, preventing long-range targeting). The series creator has definitely read and possibly even written a few reports stating that with the advent of homing missiles, Drones, the ICBM and other automated weaponry, real-world modern/interstellar combat will take place at distances and speeds that make human involvement at anything past the planning stages dangerously wasteful, barring unpredicted advances such as the Minovsky Particle. This is also why he chose to use particle beam weapons instead of lasers.
** Interestingly, the more well laid-out properties of the Minovsky Particle are actually more from FanWank, originally detailed in ''Gundam Century'', which was written largely by editors of ''Magazine OUT'' along with the creators of ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'', a then-middle-schooler added quite a lot of thought in it as well. Later more elaborate explanations, by fans but endorsed officially, of the special powers of Newtypes are also explained by Minovsky particles (using already existing properties of the particles).
* Used as a MythologyGag in the 2nd season of ''Anime/SDGundamForce'' in the form of the Minov Boundary Sea, a gap between worlds that gets damaged when special attacks are used in it with unpleasant results.
* In ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamWing Gundam Wing]]'', the Vayeate used a [[http://aboutgundamwing.com/SC/SC20/vlcsnap-301380.jpg Minovsky Particle Accelerator]] for its beam cannon, though this is really a FreezeFrameBonus and not an actual piece of technology.
** [[{{Unobtainium}} Gundanium]] also merits a passing mention here, being an unspecified alloy that can only be manufactured by the Space Colonies. This sounds unlikely, but [[AluminiumChristmasTrees in actual fact is quite plausible]], as liquid metal behaves very differently in microgravity. On the other hand, the official description of Gundanium says it contains several non-ferrous elements, something which isn't possible for a true alloy.
* Oddly, ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSeed Gundam SEED]]'''s Mirage Colloid combined this and AppliedPhlebotinum, as the particle is ''artificially'' made (not natural coincidence like the original Minovsky Particle and [[Anime/MobileSuitGundam00 GN Particles]]).
** Also, in the CE timeline, the Neutron Jammer's side effects are a reference to the Minovsky Effect.
* ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam00'' has its own version in the form of GN ("Gundam Nucleus") Particles. Basically they do all the same things as Minovsky particles (produced via an exotic type of reactor, jam radar, allow non-aerodynamic machines to fly, and make beam weapons possible), along with a few new tricks (increasing the strength of armor and the cutting power of physical blades when they're impregnated with the particles). In the second season, GN Particles go from Minovsky Particles to [[GreenRocks magical pixie dust]], capable of performing such feats as [[EvolutionaryLevels evolving a person]], magically healing dying people, and [[TeleportersAndTransporters teleporting mobile suits at will]]. While these changes are essentially unexplained the series drops hints of it in absolutely every episode, and some of the more "ridiculous" effects are simply extrapolations of previously observed properties. [[spoiler: Basically, the 'true' (green colored) GN Particles had always been magical pixie dust in a sense but humans and technology didn't catch up for all of fifty-two episodes. Aeolia's convoluted Master Plan was intended to facilitate this catching up before his created assistants decided to go off on their own tangent.]]
* In ''Anime/GundamBuildFighters'', the Plavsky Particles animate the plastic used to make ''Gundam'' model kits, as well as allowing them to produce realistic weapon effects like bullets, missiles, beam blades, and even explosions. While there ''are'' rigid rules, the writers themselves occasionally seem to forget them; it's said that Plavsky Particles only react with the specific type of plastic used in Gundam model kits, yet later in the show people are seen to modify the plastic by grinding it down and mixing steel powder in it to increase its strength to scratch building whole units without any Gunpla parts(and Bandai does not sell Putty). The earlier Zaku Amazing example does not really stand because eventhough it is modified by a tank model, the main frame(the Zaku) is still a Gunpla.
** [[spoiler: Seeing as they were revealed to be a sort of "Wish granter" of sorts. This may have something to do with it.]]

[[folder: Anime/Manga ]]

* Alchemy in ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' plays this trope pretty close, when you're not using a philosophers stone. While the second law of thermodynamics is thrown out the window, [[EquivalentExchange conservation of energy]] is usually held true.
** Alchemists from Amestris learned alchemy from the sage from the east ([[spoiler:Father]]) and think that their alchemy uses tectonic power. Alchemists from Xing learned alkahestry from the sage from the west ([[spoiler:Hohenheim]]) and use ley lines. Xingese alchemists insinuate that the alchemists from Amestris don't have the full story and that something is "wrong" with their alchemy, and fans speculated that this was because Amestrian alchemy was powered by [[spoiler:Father's stone]]. It's revealed that alchemists from Amestris [[spoiler:do use tectonic power, but Father can limit or even shut off access to it by putting his philosopher's stone in the way as a barrier. This creeps out the Xingese, who can sense the souls from the stone writhing underneath the earth's surface.]] This is made much clearer in ''Brotherhood'', where a piece of exposition explains the purpose of the nationwide reverse transmutation circle. It's there in the manga, the explanation just isn't as explicit.
** Also, the Second Law of Thermodynamics is adhered to so long as there is some dumping ground for the entropy removed by reorganizing the matter. Presumably, part of the matrix involves the transfer of entropy from the object being transmuted to the surroundings. As for the first anime, Dante makes direct reference to the Second Law by referring to wasted effort- while input of matter and energy is necessary to achieve what you seek, it is by no means sufficient.
** In [[Anime/FullmetalAlchemist the 2003 anime version]], the first and second laws of thermodynamics are actually plot elements and not simply handwaved. Mass is conserved and the energy comes from [[spoiler:death on the other side of the gate]].
* ''Anime/DigimonTamers'' embraces this trope in a way that stands out from the rest of the [[Franchise/{{Digimon}} franchise]]. In this series, there are only two fundamental changes to reality: Digital information can realise (i.e., literally become real in mid air) and actual artificial intelligence is not only possible, but has been achieved in the eighties. Furthermore, there is a great amount of detail put on explaining the working principles behind both (like the necessity for a converter algorithm). Otherwise, everything that happens in the series either obeys the rules of physics (especially because many of them ''did'' happen in RealLife) or is a consequence of the application of the MinovskyPhysics.


[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* Both the Marvel and DC Comic universes have plenty of examples. From Marvel:
** Pym particles, named after [[ComicBook/AntMan Hank Pym]] which allow matter to be shrunk or enlarged at will, ignoring the square cube law and drawing extra mass (in the case of growing) from or shunting excess mass (in the case of shrinking) to another dimension; it's later explained that Pym Particles specifically adjust an object along three axes. [[SizeShifter size]], [[SquareCubeLaw strength]] and [[HollywoodDensity density]]. They illustrate this with Ant-Man, Wonder Man and Vision whose powers applied Pym Particles on those other axes.
** Unstable Molecules, invented by [[ReedRichardsIsUseless Reed Richards]], which can be tailored to 'snap back' from one form to another on command or in response to superpowers, [[MySuitIsAlsoSuper used to make superhero costumes]];
** Vibranium, an alien metal with two subtypes: Antarctic vibranium, which can destroy any metal by touch (even Adamantium) and Wakandan vibranium, which absorbs all kinetic force (including sound).
** Adamantium, a (nearly) indestructible metal, only the strongest/most powerful heroes or villains can begin to damage it. It's a compound which is liquid until it sets, then stays in the given form forever. The robot villain Ultron (see below) is made of it.
* From DC Comics:
** Inertron (see below).
** Promethium is a metal invented by Steve Dayton. When alloyed with titanium and vanadium, depleted promethium forms a near-invulnerable metal. Volatile promethium is also capable of generating near-limitless amounts of energy, and so can be used as a power source for many gadgets.

[[folder: Fan Works]]
* ''Fanfic/UltramanOrion'' has (separate) '''pages''' devoted to the physics of the universe.
* Ectoplasm in the ''WesternAnimation/DannyPhantom''/''Film/{{Beetlejuice}}'' {{crossover}}, ''FanFic/SayItThrice''
** The [[AnotherDimension Ghost Zone]] and everything in it (especially the [[OurGhostsAreDifferent ghosts]] who originate there) are composed of it. Ectoplasm mimics more traditional molecular structures, but is not composed of any recognizable atoms or atomic particles. The structures and forms created by ectoplasm are stable while remaining malleable. The ability for the ectoplasm to mimic and interact with objects from the real world is imperfect (i.e. "phasing" through solid objects, turning invisible), but is effective enough to allow entities from the Ghost Zone to exist outside it. The ability for ghosts to enter the real world, be seen by humans, and affect it without being destroyed is due to the relative stability of the ectoplasm they are composed of. Destabilization of the ectoplasm takes a lot of energy (either added or taken out) and will eventually lead to complete collapse of the structure. The flexibility of ectoplasm and its ability to mimic normal forms of matter is also probably why it is possible for [[WesternAnimation/DannyPhantom Danny]] to be half ghost.

[[folder: Film ]]

* Unexpected as this trope may be in a Creator/MichaelBay film, ''Film/TransformersAgeOfExtinction'' goes in this direction with Transformium, suddenly providing an explanation of how transforming robots, which seem to have traits of both machines and biological entities, can exist.


[[folder: Literature ]]

* "Inertron" and "Ultron" in Philip Francis Nowlan's 1928 novellas ''Armageddon 2419 A.D.'' and ''The Airlords of Han'', which became the basis for the 1929 comic strip ''Buck Rogers in the 25th Century''. Both ultron and inertron are synthetic elements made of "ultronic vibrations" (which are akin to quarks in that Nowlan posits them to be to atoms what atoms are to molecules), which are "isolated from the ether and through slow processes built up into subelectronic, electronic and atomic forms" into miraclous substances with diametrically opposed physical properties. Ultron is "a solid of great molecular density and moderate elasticity, which has the property of being 100% conductive to those pulsations known as light, electricity and heat" and thus an invisible and nonreflective superconductor. Inertron is "completely inert to both electric and magnetic forces … has no molecular vibration whatever … reflects 100% of the heat and light impinging on it" and is thus not only a perfect shield against the Han Airlords' feared disintegrator ray but also an antigravity device, although that latter property involves a bit of handwaving in that it's never explained how inertron goes from simply having no weight to somehow having a ''negative'' weight, such that a sufficient amounts of it will either counterbalance a given weight, effectively making it weightless, or overbalance it to imparting buoyance. Left to itself, inertron "falls ''up''" into outer space, presumably forever. Ultron would not only allow one to build the functional equivalent of Wonder Woman's invisible plane but, being superconductive, one should beware lightning and heat rays as well as disintegrators.
* The "philotes" in the ''Literature/EndersGame'' series, which are particles that are the true building blocks of matter. They can be used to communicate instantaneously across space, and [[spoiler: can be manipulated into new creations in "Outside" space purely on the power of thought.]]
* "Swivels" in the novel ''El Caballo de Troia'', which allow the time travel that the whole series is based on.
* "Ice-nine" in Creator/KurtVonnegut's ''Literature/CatsCradle''. Nothing more than a fictional crystal structure of ice, with specific physical properties similar to crystals of various other real-life compounds, it proves to be one of science fiction's most memorable {{MacGuffin}}s. (Vonnegut worked in the marketing department of General Electric as a younger man, where his brother was a researcher. Said brother worked with Langmuir, who had much earlier dreamed up ice-nine for a visiting H.G. Wells, but nothing came of it.)
** There actually is an Ice IX - "A tetragonal metastable phase" of water ice. However, it has nothing to do with the fictional ice-nine. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_IX The other wiki]] makes this distinction pretty clear.
** The real version was the one used by James Blish's ''Literature/CitiesInFlight'', for building the Bridge on Jupiter. Under Jovian pressures and temperatures, "normal" construction materials like steel or concrete tend to melt, crumble, or otherwise disintegrate. In contrast, Ice IX is stable ''only'' under such conditions, but under human-compatible (that is, low) pressures, it would revert to one of water's commonplace phases.
* Science fiction writer Creator/LarryNiven likes to explain the properties of all his AppliedPhlebotinum in exquisite detail, often to the point of writing entire novels for the sole purpose of {{RetCon}}ning away flaws that readers find.
* Found in the form of Dust (or, more properly, Rusakov particles, named for their creator) in the ''Literature/HisDarkMaterials'' trilogy. Dust, an elementary (read: indivisible, subatomic) particle, can only be seen either when vast quantities are for some reason all brought together, or through special emulsions (which [[BambooTechnology can be improvised using bamboo and seedpods from a different universe. Seriously.]]) Dust's most interesting quality, though, is that it attracts itself to sentient beings - anything made by humans to aid in thought and observation will attract Dust, such as a ruler, and Dust also attracts itself to people - adults especially, and the wiser the better. It has been implied that Dust is essentially meant to be the exchange particle (boson) for consciousness or conscious thought.
* Creator/IsaacAsimov liked to use this, and several of his stories have produced standard plot devices for science fiction:
** Asimov once wrote a mock academic paper (and eventually a sequel or two) about "the endochronic properties of resublimated thiotimoline", a substance with one chemical bond extending into the future, which dissolves ''before'' it actually comes in contact with water. (Pseudo-technical explanation: there's a carbon atom so sterically crowded that the only place one of its four substituents can go is ''through time''.)
** In a later Asimov story, a researcher tried to synthesize it, but accidentally produced ''anti''thiotimoline, with one bond extending into the past.
** Spider Robinson later used thiotimoline to drive the plot of his ''Literature/CallahansCrosstimeSaloon'' short story "Mirror/rorriM".
** Asimov's novel ''Literature/TheGodsThemselves'' takes the premise of beings from another universe sending an impossible isotope of plutonium into ours, and extrapolates the consequences to drive much of the plot. [[spoiler:For instance, the other universe's physics leak into our universe along with the Plutonium-186...]]
** The [[ThreeLawsCompliant Three Laws of Robotics]] and their implications, of course, are also examined in detail, despite being described in-story as layman's simplifications of the Technobabble robots are designed around.
*** Played amazingly straight in most of the "Three Laws" stories which centered around robots apparently breaking one of the Three Laws but, in actuality, they were just taking logical extensions or interpretations that they humans didn't think of when they wrote them (or were failing to see circumstances that were obvious to the robots). [[AuthorsSavingThrow Robot saving throw?]]
*** In fact, if you read Asimov's works, his robots gain progressively finer and finer interpretation of the Three Laws, culminating in R. Daneel Olivaw [[spoiler: creating the Zeroth Law of Robotics - "A robot may not harm humanity, or through inaction, allow humanity to come to harm"]].
* ''Literature/TheEdgeChronicles'' has a few. These include substances that get lighter when you heat them up, to the point of reaching negative weight (some of them at room temperature, others need to be set on fire). There's also something called stormphrax, made of crystallized lightning, which has a bewildering number of strictly defined uses. Then there's a variety of rock which gets ''heavier'' when you heat it up, which (being buoyant in atmosphere at room temperature) is used to make ships fly.
* Before writing ''Literature/TheMoteInGodsEye'', Larry Niven and Jerry Pournelle asked physicist (Dan Alderson) to develop laws of their '{{verse}}. They told him what they wanted the proposed [[FasterThanLightTravel FTL drives]] to do, and what they wanted to avoid. Dr. Alderson then custom designed a FTL drive to spec, with additional limits. Niven and Pournelle kept within those limits. As a bonus, Alderson's drive equations also got them DeflectorShields.
* Kenneth Oppel's trilogy ''Literature/{{Airborn}}'' utilizes a fictional gas known as hydrium, a gas so much lighter than air it can lift practically anything. The internal consistency of its properties (technically, a gas as light as hydrium couldn't actually exist as an element) has attention called to it constantly.
* Creator/RudyardKipling's two science fiction stories rely on Fleury's Gas, an {{Unobtainium}} which, starting as a dense liquid, evaporates with such force (apparently its particles repel each other powerfully) that, after driving turbines, it expands to fill compartments with a soft vacuum ''under pressure.'' This provides the otherwise impossible "lifting gas lighter than hydrogen;" condensing it by exposure to Fleury's Ray, ready to evaporate again, provides endless power. A passing reference to radium is probably intended as technobabble, since radium was a scientific mystery at the time Kipling was writing, but implies to a modern reader that the energy source is nuclear.
* Creator/GregEgan:
** ''Literature/SchildsLadder'' pretty much runs on this trope, as it is based around the fictitious but believable "quantum graph theory" and the "Sarumpaet rules" that govern all fundamental interactions. It's been described as the "hardest science-fiction ever" with good reason.
** He's gone quite a bit further with the trilogy ''Orthogonal'', which takes place in a universe where spacetime follows the Riemannian rather than the usual (Minkowski) metric. (A minus sign is changed to a plus sign in one fundamental equation.) This leads to a raft of changes--light travels at different speeds depending on its color, and plants generate energy by emitting it, for one thing--and [[http://gregegan.customer.netspace.net.au/ORTHOGONAL/ORTHOGONAL.html#CONTENTS Egan has written a veritable physics textbook]] as a companion piece.
* In Robert Forward's ''Literature/DragonsEgg'', nearly all of the human technology that doesn't already exist today is based on magnetic monopoles. Given that ''Dragon's Egg'' is [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness diamond-hard science fiction]], you can bet that these particles are [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetic_monopole well known by the Real Life scientific community]][[note]]While it's not known if they actually exist, physicists figured out their expected properties and there's an ongoing search for them[[/note]], and Forward takes great care to explain the physics behind the technology employing them. When the Cheela develop technology, micro-black holes are nearly omnipresent in it. Of course, for a space-faring civilization whose members ''explode'' in a low enough gravity (as in, less than a few hundred thousands times Earth's), portable black holes are pretty much a must.
* The ''Literature/TomSwift'' series uses two: Tomasite plastic, which can block ionizing radiation and is a good neutron absorber/reflector, thus making relatively small nuclear reactors practical, and the repelatron, essentially a pressor beam with rigidly defined properties; for example, a repelatron tuned to repel sea water in a given location, creating a dry construction area for a helium collection plant, must be adjusted constantly so its output will be exactly right, or it could fail to repel the sea water. Worse yet, it could repel the blood plasma in the workers! Tomasite is also very strong, and can be produced as a solid, an air-cell foam, and a vacuum-cell foam.
* A.K. Dewdney's novel ''{{The Planiverse}}'' is about a two-dimensional universe. In addition to discussing some of the expected technological issues (how do you build things when driving a nail through a plank necessarily divides it into two pieces?), he goes so far as to work out what impact having only two spatial dimensions would have on ''chemistry'' (the periodic table is different).
* The FTL/STL drives in David Weber's HonorHarrington universe, which also have a secondary function as impenetrable shields over certain aspects of a ship's hull (as well as parts of the hull that ''can't'' be shielded when accelerating), and the limitations thereof, have repercussions in the design of ships, styles of space combat, weapons used, and customs of war that have show up constantly in the series. The technology is basically designed around making spaceships have to adopt "ship of the line"-style tactics InSpace

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Franchise/StarTrek'' has a [[http://memory-alpha.wikia.com/wiki/Materials_and_substances very long list of fictional substances and their properties.]] Very rarely is any material given new abilities to fill a plot need: instead, the writers invent entirely new materials.
** Star Trek's [[AllThereInTheManual technical manuals]] all try to provide consistent explanations for the science and technology of the series.
* Wormhole physics in the ''Franchise/StargateVerse''. All of these rules and more are extremely important and show up multiple times throughout all three series. When something happens that goes against the usual rules, figuring out what special circumstances made it possible will be a main focus of the episode. See the exceptions described below, all of which were unknown to the SGC until they had first-hand experience with them. Some examples:
** Matter can only travel one way through the wormhole: from sending 'Gate to receiving 'Gate. Energy (eg, radio signals) can travel both ways.[[note]]The one-way transfer of matter is a limitation of the gates themselves, not the wormhole between them. You can send matter through whichever way you like, but it [[http://stargate.wikia.com/wiki/Stargate#Technical_specifications won't be pretty]].[[/note]]
** A Stargate can only be open a maximum of 38 minutes (barring ''extremely'' high levels of energy or TimeDilation effects on one side)[[note]]the fact that the stargate can remain open longer than 38 minutes if one applies high energy levels to it suggests that it may be an engineering limitation rather than a physical law[[/note]].
** Wormholes passing through solar flares cause anything traveling through them to TimeTravel randomly (or not so randomly, if you have SufficientlyAdvancedTechnology that can predict the flares in advance).
** The wormhole cannot form if dense physical matter is in its way (eg, the Gate is buried, but air doesn't impede the wormhole forming).
** Stargates only transmit matter in single, continuous pieces. An object will only be sent through once it's fully entered the event horizon. The corollary to this is that an object extending through the event horizon will force the wormhole to remain open until either its power is cut at the source, or the 38 minute window is reached.[[note]]As with anything that goes wrong with the stargate, the results of this are [[PortalCut not pretty for the object]].[[/note]]
** Once an object enters a wormhole, in order to come out on the other side intact there has to be enough physical room to do so, otherwise it goes splat against whatever is blocking the Stargate. The SGC takes advantage of this with the Iris, which closes to form a barrier a few micrometers from the event horizon. If they have an incoming wormhole they can close the iris after it forms and anyone or anything trying to come through without permission gets smeared into paste much like a bug hitting the windshield of a speeding car. The "whoosh" of a gate opening helps prevent [[TeleFrag telefragging]] of things going through the gate as it disintegrates any solid material it encounters. [[note]]Also not pretty if someone happens to be standing too close in front of a gate when it activates.[[/note]]


[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* ''TabletopGame/{{Chaos}}'' (which is ''[[ScienceFantasy all over]]'' the MohsScaleOfSciFiHardness, one section will seem to be trying to adhere ''almost'' rigidly to {{real life}} laws of physics, the next will be almost unmitigated fantasy—though this is most likely [[{{hand waved}} explained away]] by its nature as a {{scrapbook story}} with each section being [[{{literary agent hypothesis}} ostensibly]] written by a different {{unreliable narrator}}) has the "scalon", the carrier particle (really particle-wave…okay, just wave) of a fifth fundamental force called the "divine force", or more commonly, the "chaotic force". The setup here is sort of similar to the ''Franchise/MassEffect'' example below: the Chaotic Force is a fundamental force, it's sort of like a mixture of electromagnetism [[{{this is your premise on drugs}} on steroids]] and [[{{anti gravity}} gravity in reverse]]. It conveniently answers a few of the questions plaguing physics today, such as, what is dark energy? It's the chaotic force! What gives matter its mass? It's the chaotic force! Because scalons (the ''Chaos'' counterpart of the [[{{magical particle accelerator}} Higgs boson]], also known as ''scal''ar waves or torsion waves) can [[{{FTL Travel}} move at superluminal speeds]] and [[{{reality warper}} warp up space and time themselves]] (in fact, they essentially ''are'' just quanta of warped spacetime), there are [[{{sufficiently advanced technology}} really very few limits placed upon what they can do]], and the various types of powers they enable, referred to collectively as "[[{{shout out}} chaos bending]]", [[{{clarkes third law}} for all intents and purposes, are simply functional magic with a sci-fi technobabble explanation]].
* ''TabletopGame/StarfleetBattles'' is MADE of this trope. Every possible interaction of everything with everything else is specified in the (extremely thick, but also extremely well organized) rule book. If you need to know how an obscure system used by a handful of ships by one race in a minor corner of the galaxy interacts with another obscure system used on a handful of ships by a different race in a different corner of the galaxy when in a unique terrain feature found in a third corner of the galaxy...it's in there, and you need to look in a maximum of three places (all of which you need to read anyway to be using those systems and terrain) to find it. That also makes it a hard-core case of AllThereInTheManual.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' paradoxically plays this straight and inverts it at the same time. Chaos, its go-to AppliedPhlebotinum, has the distinct property of being unpredictable, but acts unpredictable given this by being, to a degree, predictable. It's consistent in its nature of being entwined with the soul, affecting people with high psychic aptitude and areas of chaotic influence, but exactly how it affects these people and areas when it does so is characteristically unpredictable.

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* The phrase "''Franchise/MassEffect''" is not just the title of the franchise, but an [[TitleDrop in-universe term]] for the Minovsky Physics surrounding the myriad properties and uses of an exotic matter called "Element Zero," which is the critical resource that makes interstellar civilization possible. Element Zero, or "Eezo" for short, increases the mass of nearby matter when positively charged (allowing for things like [[DeflectorShields kinetic barriers]] and ArtificialGravity), and decreases their mass when negatively charged, potentially even to a ''negative mass'' (hence the name "''Mass Effect''"), enabling [[{{Flight}} anti-gravity vehicles]] and a perfectly researched form of FasterThanLightTravel.
** In addition, [[ShownTheirWork a ''lot'' of effort is put into making this incredibly fictional material believable]], including (but not limited to): [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doppler_effect Doppler shifting]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherenkov_radiation Cherenkov radiation]] by mass effect fields, the effects of overexposure to eezo, which range from fatal tumors to {{Bizarre Baby Boom}}s of "[[MindOverMatter biotics]]", and regular static discharges when eezo cores are used in space. The end result is the most consistent world Creator/BioWare has yet made. A lot of thought went into the resulting implications of the technology -- for example being unable to use [[StealthInSpace stealth systems]] at FTL speeds because of the effects blueshift would have. It even points out how the ability of mass effect fields to reduce an object to [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exotic_matter negative mass]] negates TimeDilation. Throughout all this, conservation of energy is strictly enforced, but the internal consistency is not perfect: conservation of momentum is not always enforced, and some of the telekinetic effects that biotics are capable of shouldn't be possible even by the principles of mass effect fields.
*** Interestingly, the originally planned but abandoned story for 3 would have taken this "research" further and revolved around the above mentioned negative effects of playing around with physics like this. Some of the groundwork for this story can be seen in 2. Specifically over use of the Mass Effect wreaks havoc with Dark Matter, ultimately leading to low mass stars going supernova at a "young" age. The Reapers knew this but didn't have a way of preventing it, so would periodically wipe out advanced civilizations as a stopgap measure to restrict the use of the Mass Effect and thus stave off the eventual damage.
* In ''VideoGame/PhantasyStarUniverse'' and other games set in its continuity, photons work ''very'' differently than in the real world. Similar to ''Franchise/MassEffect,'' much of the technology as well as ''{{magic|AIsMagicA}}'' found in the games depend on the unique properties of photons. Information about how they work, and how [[SchematizedProp Photon and A-Photon based technology]] utilize them, is found scattered throughout dialogue in the games and the UniverseBible.
* ''VideoGame/ArmoredCore'' has Kojima particles, which are a pseudo-radioactive substance that powers the eponymous HumongousMecha's energy shield, over boost, [[SphereOfDestruction assault armor]] and some weapons. This extends to the [[BaseOnWheels Arms Forts]] as well. Most things in the world are powered by Kojima technology; the cost, however, is that it [[WalkingWasteland erodes all biological life]]. This is shown in-game when you're not allowed to use anything using Kojima Technology in or near a populated area. This is also shown to an ''extreme'' in ''For Answer'' [[AfterTheEnd where the earth is now completely devastated and mankind now lives in the sky due to the surface being polluted]].
** Kojima particles (or KP) are important for one reason: they are gaseous, but they act as solids when they colide with one another. Armored Cores generate and suspend clouds of KP around themselves to use as energy shields. This is called Primal Armor or PA. When projectiles or explosions pass through the PA, they compress the KP into its solid state, which allows it to slow them immensely or even stop them entirely. The Assault Armor function of PA has the AC eject its PA as a SphereOfDestruction. Anything in the path of the sphere will stall the KP and force them to crash into each other. Enemies hit by AA are essentially hit by a stone wall. Kojima weapons function similarly, only using beams of KP, missiles with KP payloads or [[MegatonPunch "Kojima Knuckles"]]. The use of KP for over boosting, however, goes unexplained.
* Quite a lot has been established on the mechanics of Slipspace in ''Franchise/{{Halo}}''.
* ''VideoGame/TalesOfTheAbyss'' really likes to go crazy with "fonons"
* In ''VideoGame/AVeryLongRopeToTheTopOfTheSky'', the properties of saecelium are remarkably well-defined: it exists in the "liminal space between realities", and as such is fixed in spacetime relative to other saecelium; it outputs a fixed amount of power for a stable crystal of a given size; and fallout from unstable saecelium has (for the most part) known effects.
* The ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquerTiberianSeries'' has Tiberium, in the early games, was well defined, but the third game in the series takes it ''Main/UpToEleven'':
-->For the development of ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquerTiberiumWars'', Electronic Arts decided to radically alter its composition, and commissioned scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to provide a white paper describing the biophysics of Tiberium, its atomic structure, its method of transmutation, the form of the radiation that it emits, and the way to harness it for powering machinery and weapons—giving it the same treatment as would be suitable for a scientific journal article on a real substance.
* ''VideoGame/NoMansSky'' utilizes an alternative periodic table of the elements to help with worldbuilding. Nothing much has been ''established'' on how it works, but it is known that it will help with making the {{procedural|Generation}}ly-generated worlds unique due to how much or how little a planet has of an element.

[[folder: Webcomics ]]

* Tratons in ''Webcomic/UnicornJelly'', Tryslmaistan's equivalent of atoms. Instead of mass-attraction gravity, there's Linovection and Planovection, the Electanic Charge. She keeps up the habit in ''Webcomic/PastelDefenderHeliotrope'' with an entirely different dynamic system of Chatoyance.
* Despite looking like AWizardDidIt, Lux in ''Webcomic/TalesOfTheQuestor'' follows some rather specific rules and capabilities. Most of the underlying rules are only revealed by {{Word of God}} in the forums, but for a funky and surprisingly stable particle with rather specialized interactions with typical matter, its practitioners are still more intent on viewing it as a science than a matter of magic.


[[folder: Web Original ]]

* [[http://www.orionsarm.com/xcms.php?r=oaeg-view-article&egart_uid=48630634d2591 Magmatter]] from ''WebOriginal/OrionsArm'' is an incredibly detailed version heavily based on real scientific speculation.
* Pattern theory, in the Literature/WhateleyUniverse. Used in order to explain where the energy for mutant superpowers comes from, and how mutants use it. It also limits the strength and scope of the possible superpowers, so a flying brick who can lift five tons is a really big deal.
* ''Literature/{{Phaeton}}'' has several elements like this, icluding zero elements, which significantly reduce [[BackgroundMagicField powers]] to the point of being useless, and memory elements, which when bent or even broken will return to their last safe shape.
* In ''WebAnimation/{{RWBY}}'', everyone possesses "Aura" - a sort of energy field created and powered by the soul. Aura itself is loosely defined, but it has a set of internally-consistent effects. For example, it projects a defensive field around the body when active that deflects most incoming energy, though some force penetrates it and can knock a person around or cause pain. It can be used to power superhuman feats such as massive leaps, lifting enormous weights, or striking armored machines or monsters with melee weapons or fists. It can be channeled into weapons, armor, and attacks, which [[MySuitIsAlsoSuper explains the lack of clothing damage]]. It is also used to power Semblances, which are unique powers specific to each individual, which also adhere to their own internal rules per person. If someone's Aura is depleted, they lose most of it's offensive and defensive benefits, and they cannot use their Semblance anymore until it regenerates.


[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* [[{{Transformers}} Energon]] is a borderline case; while it was given many more powers than it used to have when it was made the focus of ''Anime/TransformersEnergon'', it shares certain properties that remain constant. It is an energy source for the Transformers that come in both solid and liquid forms, has PowerGlows, and goes kaboom quite nicely when manhandled. In its natural state, though, it is unstable and gives off radiation that's hurtful to Transformers in large concentrations (though confusingly organic material is generally immune to it).
** It's also the life blood of Transformers ''and'' Transformer life in general, as it's their fuel, the fuel for their weaponry, and used as currency. Any constantly-glowy melee weapon will also be called an Energon Whatever (presumably meaning it's powered by energon, rather than being made of the stuff, because stuff that explodes when struck doesn't make a good sword.) However, some series have somewhat different rules for the stuff:
** ''Anime/TransformersEnergon'' is a series where all the usual rules are kept, but it does a lot more, gaining NewPowersAsThePlotDemands, due to the amount of focus. We meet the Omnicons, who through millennia of AcquiredPoisonImmunity, can handle raw energon, and are the craftsbots who turn it into usable forms. Terrorcons, created from Unicron's body, can ''eat'' raw energon and generate processed energon. Energon Stars are the main form of processed energon, not cubes, and they can be plugged into Autobots, having the same effect as normal energon consumption in most series... or it can make new weapons appear out of thin air, heal massive damage as if by magic, and restore life to dead planets, mechanical and organic, and is said to be the building block of ''all life everywhere.'' Also, raw energon is yellow. When processed, the energon made by Omnicons and used by the Autobots is red, and is as deadly as raw energon - perhaps more - to Decepticons. Terrorcon-made, Decepticon-used energon is green and is similarly deadly to Autobots. Major FridgeLogic here - apparently, that makes the two factions different ''biologically'' somehow, and who knows what that means for when someone changes sides (If [[Anime/TransformersArmada Wheeljack or Scavenger]] were still around, what kind would they use/avoid? And neutrals?) Oh, and letting the two types mix is very ''bad.'' There's also Super Energon - always liquid, will either supercharge you or kill you dead. Mind you, a ''lot'' (not all) of the unique properties of energon in this series, though not mentioned elsewhere, are also not contradicted.
** In ''WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime'' the Autobots have been able to create synthetic energon, which can be a substitute for normal energon. Also, energon as "lifeblood" was usually symbolic, but liquid that is explicitly energon drips from wounded transformers in this series (fandom has [[{{Fanon}} long considered this to be the case]], but it was not done onscreen until ''Prime'', Prime also being the only series in which exposure to raw energon isn't harmful.[[note]]It's essensially Kryptonite for any Transformers in the other shows[[/note]]. Here, energon is food/lifeblood/fuel/etc, and consumption of raw energon has proven to be a useful substitute in cases where the liquid, processed thing is unavaiable - albeit a subpar one. Notably though, the series does establish that energon is ''very'' harmful to humans if it comes into contact with our nervous systems.
** In ''Beast Wars'' episode [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Beast_Wars_episodes Power Surge]], the Predacon Terrosaur, is running low on energy and is far from base. He gets a charge off a surface-exposed chunk of raw energon. It powers him up, but repeated use proves addictive and nearly fatal. This ties in with raw energon is dangerous to Transformers.