->''"The greatest joy for a man is [[SpiritedCompetitor to defeat his enemies]], [[UnsportsmanlikeGloating to drive them before him]], [[YouKillItYouBoughtIt to take from them all they possess]], [[WidowWoman to see those]] [[YouKilledMyFather they love in tears]], [[RobbingTheDead to ride their horses]], [[RomancingTheWidow and to hold their wives and daughters in his arms.]]"''
-->--'''GenghisKhan'''

An {{Omnipresent| Trope}} SuperTrope and SisterTrope to WomenAreDelicate. It can be assumed to exist in every form of media unless otherwise stated. For a number of reasons, fiction tends to treat men as the stronger, hardier, more reliable, and more resilient of the two genders. In most forms of human society, the assumption is that women are the more delicate of the sexes or are more suited for nurturing than the more active roles undertaken by males of the species. This, however, creates the assumption that ''every'' man is a natural {{Badass}}, or '''should''' be. This may be because MostWritersAreMale, or the implication that MenActWomenAre.

This {{Stereotype}} has two forms:
#Unilateral: Men are naturally tough, strong, competent, capable, aggressive, stubborn, blunt, or dominant.
#Bilateral: Men are stronger, tougher, or more blunt, dominant or aggressive '''than women and/or "inferior" men'''. In this form, even if a man shows more passive, submissive, or weaker qualities, he either shows less of them than his female peers, there is a weaker man to juxtapose him (unless he ''is'' the weaker man), or he compensates for it in some other area.

Regardless, a man being in a dominant, physical role is seen as natural while a woman in the same role is [[ActionGirl treated as exceptional]]. Even if a woman ''does'' take on a physical role, there still exist tropes which portray her as less tough than her male counterparts such as GuysSmashGirlsShoot or SheFu.

However, the DoubleStandard has a negative effect for men, too. Men are often treated [[MenAreTheExpendableGender as the expendable gender]] or [[AllAbusersAreMale the only ones capable of being abusive]]. Further, because the toughness bar is raised for men, a NonActionGuy will be more harshly criticized than a female counterpart.

Further, men are often portrayed as [[MenUseViolenceWomenUseCommunication not being capable of anything BUT physical force to make their points]]. Often despite the target audience, [[ParentingTheHusband guys are portrayed as dumb, childlike, blunt instruments]] who [[MenCantKeepHouse can't do anything right if it involves becoming "domesticated"]]. When that happens, a former {{Badass}} will turn into a JadedWashout, and possibly a FatSlob. His only means of domestic problem-solving will involve PercussiveMaintenance or TimTaylorTechnology with marginal degrees of success. When it comes to their own children, domesticated men will often be [[BumblingDad bumbling wrecks]], [[OverprotectiveDad over-compensating in aggression]], or [[WhenYouComingHomeDad completely disinterested altogether]]. In short, these domesticated men are portrayed as having something "wrong" with them, due to being removed from the CallReceptionArea or having MissedTheCall entirely.

Also, please keep in mind that the word chosen to represent this trope was "tough". In addition to physical force or power, "tough" also means resilient, stubborn, slow to change, dense, and inflexible, which are also ways men are stereotyped.

'''[[ExampleSectionectomy No Examples Please]].''' This should be an index of tropes, and nothing else.
----
!!PlayedStraight
[[index]]
* AManIsNotAVirgin: Every man is expected to have sex. No exceptions.
** AManIsAlwaysEager: And as many times as possible.
** AccidentalPornomancer: As this trope involves QuestionableConsent, it is usually male, because [[DoubleStandardRapeFemaleOnMale it's less unfortunate that way.]]
** AllMenAreRapists: A very unfortunate and untrue extreme of this trope.
** BiggerIsBetterInBed: The "biggest" man is always the most talented lover. Implies that the size of a phallus is a measurement of sexual prowess.
** TheCasanova: Getting the ladies is his passion and mission.
** FavorsForTheSexy: Men will do anything to get laid.
** IHaveBoobsYouMustObey: Men can only think with their pants, so women naturally control them.
** ImAManICantHelpIt: AManIsAlwaysEager, and should be excused for any dumb decision.
** KavorkaMan: Horrible looks do not impede him from [[ReallyGetsAround getting around]].
** KidANova: When the guy gets started young.
** PervertDad: AllMenArePerverts. Becoming a father does not stop it.
** NoGuyWantsToBeChased: Men are supposed to pursue sex from women, not the other way around.
** SexyManInstantHarem: A hot guy will always attract a number of women to his beck and call. Typically portrayed as the pinnacle of an Alpha Male.
** ThePornomancer: He can go from zero to bed in sixty seconds.
* BarbaricBully: Big, butch, and uncivilized bully that typically uses violence as his first response to everything. Almost AlwaysMale and usually WouldntHitAGirl, because that would look weak.
* BastardBoyfriend: He mistreats his fragile girlfriend, but it's played for the titillation of a female audience.
* TheBroCode: Men can deal with anything other than getting involved in each others' love lives.
** BrosBeforeHoes: Men are more reliable friends, so looking out for each other is paramount.
* DadTheVeteran: Dad fought in the war.
* DisappearedDad: Dad is never around. [[MenAreTheExpendableGender He's either dead]] or has better things to do (in his opinion).
** DaddyHadAGoodReasonForAbandoningYou: Dad has better things to do than raise a child.
** GlorifiedSpermDonor: He hit it, quit it, now mom's stuck with it.
** LukeIAmYourFather: An important character is another important character's dad.
** LukeIMightBeYourFather: Or maybe not.
** LukeYouAreMyFather: Or maybe the child knows first.
** SinkOrSwimFatherhood: Dad's back, but doesn't know the first thing about being a father.
** TellMeAboutMyFather: Children want to know more about the DisappearedDad.
** WhenYouComingHomeDad: Dad's gone, and the kids would just like to know when he'll be back.
* {{Double Standard}}s: Often a result of this SuperTrope.
** DoubleStandardAbuseFemaleOnMale: Men are tougher, so they're expected to take abuse.
** DoubleStandardRapeFemaleOnMale: AManIsAlwaysEager, so raping one is often seen as impossible. '''Not true.'''
** DoubleStandardRapeMaleOnMale: Male-on-male rape is often either seen as funny or something deserved.
* GalleySlave: The inverse of MandatoryMotherhood. When a man is enslaved to put his power to use. Can apply to women, but is much less frequent.
* GuysSmashGirlsShoot: Men are physically more capable, so their method of fighting is melee, while women use magic or projectiles.
* ExtraYExtraViolent: A Y chromosome is supposedly linked to aggression, so an extra one leads to extra aggression (naturally, women are exempt).
* FemalesAreMoreInnocent: Women are incapable of doing anything wrong or harmful unless influenced by a man.
** HighHeelFaceTurn: Women are more likely to make a HeelFaceTurn because of their innocence.
** NoWomansLand: Every place outside of the main setting treats women deplorably, so it's the protagonist's job (mostly male) to save them.
* FemaleAngelMaleDemon: Angels are beautiful, kind and merciful, and thus women. Demons are hideous, cruel and aggressive, and thus men.
* FemaleFelineMaleMutt: Women are the delicate and graceful cats while men are the tougher and lumbering dogs.
* GrumpyOldMan: The way fiction would tell it, men get more antagonistic as they grow older.
* HeirClubForMen: Boys are the only worthy heirs. Girls don't count, and are often expendable.
* HeroicBuild: Male superheroes are muscular and impressive while females are fit, dexterous and [[MostCommonSuperpower buxom]].
* HollywoodActionHero: Almost always male to reinforce this trope.
* JerkJock: The athletic bully, under the impression that athletically dominant men are also assholes. Usually paired with the AlphaBitch.
* MachoMasochism: When a man resorts to hurting himself just to prove he's tough.
* ManicPixieDreamGirl: He's grounded, but boring. She's flighty, whimsical and CloserToEarth and is on a mission to spice up his life.
** SavvyGuyEnergeticGirl: A man is the more resilient and stoic partner; the woman is energetic and flighty.
* MasculineLinesFeminineCurves: Men are often drawn with rigid straight lines to demonstrate strength, while women are drawn with delicate, flexible curves.
** PaleFemalesDarkMales: Men are also shaded darker, to demonstrate greater power/threat.
* MasculinityTropes: The below tropes are ways in which masculinity is associated with being a {{Badass}}.
** BadassBaritone: A deeper voice makes a man sound more powerful.
** BadassBeard: A beard makes a man appear tough and rugged.
** BadassGrandpa: Age only makes men tougher.
** BadassMustache: Not quite as potent as a beard, but often a more distinguished form of masculine badassery.
** BeardOfBarbarism: Rugged, unkempt beards are often used to symbolize wild, untamed barbarian brutes.
** CarpetOfVirility: A hairy chest is a sign of a man's potency, power, and fertility.
** GoodOlBoy: An old-fashioned, conservative male. May fully embrace and defend gender roles.
** GreaseMonkey: Mechanical work is often seen as "mens'" expertise.
** {{Hunk}}: A man who is sexy because of his masculinity.
** HuskyRusskie: Russian men are often portrayed as husky, hairy, [[TheBigGuy big guys]].
** ManlyGay: An aversion of CampGay. These men are manly, but love men.
*** MachoCamp: Over-the-top, exaggerated manliness. Often portrayed as a gay stereotype.
*** {{Seme}}: The "man" in a {{Yaoi}} relationship. Is usually dominant, powerful, successful, and controlling.
*** StraightGay: A gay man who behaves like a guy, and thus, would never be considered gay unless demonstrated or stated.
** MountainMan: A rugged man of the wilderness.
** PecFlex: Moving pec muscles used to demonstrate physical power.
** PermaStubble: An unkempt look used to show ruggedness, but not to the extend of a full-on beard.
** RatedMForManly: A plot happening which just oozes masculinity, in the form of power fantasy, violence, and badassery.
** StoutStrength: Muscle and girth going hand-in-hand to demonstrate power.
** WarriorPrince: The default character type in ye olden fairy tales.
** WorldsStrongestMan: The personification of this trope.
* MenActWomenAre: Men accomplish everything within the setting; women are either scenery or support.
** IHaveYourWife: A woman is kidnapped to motivate a man (it can be inverted, but that is far less common).
** MenAreBetterThanWomen: Women are ineffectual, dumb and weak, while men are just better at everything.
*** HeManWomanHater: The man who believes the above.
** MenAreStrongWomenArePretty: Men are expected to demonstrate their toughness. Women are expected to demonstrate gentleness and delicateness in the form of beauty.
*** WorldofMuscleMen: A trope that almost always has a DoubleStandard where every man is heavily muscled but the same never applies to women.
** StayInTheKitchen: A woman is forced to avoid danger by men because she's a woman.
** StuffedIntoTheFridge: A woman is brutally killed off in order to provide conflict for a man.
* MenAreUncultured: Since men are "tougher" and more suited for action and violence, they don't know the first thing about civility.
** MenUseViolenceWomenUseCommunication: Men struggle to solve any problem without violence, while women use savvy and communication.
** DumbMuscle: The stronger a man is, fiction demands that he be dumber as a NecessaryDrawback, as if balance is key.
** GuysAreSlobs: Guys have no manners.
*** ADayInHerApron: A guy struggles to do womanly chores around the house.
*** MenCantKeepHouse: Guys don't know the first thing about keeping a domicile.
** ParentingTheHusband: A woman struggles to keep after her child-like husband.
** TimTaylorTechnology: A domesticated man thinks power is the solution to everything.
** WomenAreWiser: Men are merely blunt instruments, while women do all the thinking.
* MenAreGenericWomenAreSpecial: A man in a fictional role needs some other trait to prove himself worthy of being in that role in some way. For women, merely being female itself is treated as special.
** MenAreTheExpendableGender: Because men are tougher and "generic", they take the hits for the delicate, valuable women.
** TalentedPrincessRegularGuy: This trope tends to team up a talented "princess" with a male character who is meant to be an AudienceSurrogate, due to his genericness.
** WhiteMaleLead: The most common {{Protagonist}} template in Western media, as a consequence of men being considered the generic "default". Has UnfortunateImplications triple-play of assuming that minorities and females are "exceptions". May also be a [[WhiteAngloSaxonProtestant WASP]].
* MenDontCry: Only in the harshest of situations is crying acceptable.
* MostGamersAreMale: Men are the usual demographic when one thinks of "gamers", owing partly to their competitive nature, physical demands, and violent and/or sexual content.
* MotherNatureFatherScience: Nature is thought of as maternal and emotional, while science is thought of as paternal and cold.
* OfficerAndAGentleman: The pinnacle of a man of service; a man who is both adept in military and societal affairs.
* OldSchoolChivalry: The practice of men looking after the well-being of a woman, and not the other way around.
** BoyfriendBluff: A man pretends to be a girl's boyfriend to protect her from predators.
** DeclarationOfProtection: Usually invokes a man vowing to protect a woman.
** DecoyDamsel: A woman pretends to be a DamselInDistress to trap the hero.
*** HoneyTrap: A woman uses her feminine delicacy (real or feigned) to seduce or endear a man, but only for her own ends.
*** WoundedGazelleGambit: A woman feigns injury or weakness to frame someone else (typically a man).
** TheDulcineaEffect: A man instinctively acts to protect a woman.
** HerosMuse: The hero goes off on a journey, inspired by a woman.
*** TheLadysFavor: The favor of a special or noble lady is carried by a man during a difficult task.
** KnightInShiningArmor: An elegant or saintly knight comes to a lady's aid.
** LadyAndKnight: A noble or special woman has a stalwart knight to accompany and defend her.
** WouldntHitAGirl: A man who refuses to hit a woman, no matter the reason.
* ThePatriarch: The powerful, stern head of a family or clan.
** ActionDad: A {{Badass}} who isn't slowed down by fatherhood.
** JockDadNerdSon: An athletic or competitive dad has an academic or geeky son as a {{Foil}}.
** MyDadCanBeatUpYourDad: Two children measure each other up by how tough their dads are.
** OverprotectiveDad: The usual attitude of fathers towards their daughters.
** StandardFiftiesFather: The wise, employed, masculine father of an ideal 1950s setting.
** SupernaturalProofFather: Contrast the HauntedHeroine. In a Haunted House setting, the father is usually the most "stable", skeptical, and rational member of the family--to the point of blatantly ignoring the supernatural events around him.
** TeamDad: The disciplinarian and strategist of a team, as opposed to the compromising and insightful TeamMom.
* PinkGirlBlueBoy: A feminine girl is matched up with a masculine boy.
** PinkIsForSissies: A man refuses to wear pink because it's the color girls usually wear.
* [[NoTrueScotsman Real Men X]]: These are the traits of a {{Stereotyp|e}}ical "Real Man", with those who lack these traits being rejected.
** IWantToBeARealMan: A man who lacks any of the any of the traits in this section, but wants them to become a "real man".
** RealMenCanHunt: Real men kill things (proving their strength and dominance) that don't want to die.
** RealMenHateAffection: Real men only care about logic, competition, and strength, with no use for softer emotions.
** RealMenEatMeat: Real men eat dead animals, either for protein, or to become the dominant predator.
** RealMenGetShot: Real men take a bullet to prove their bravery. BonusPoints if they survive and prove their toughness.
** ARealManIsAKiller: A real man can take life and suffer few repercussions.
** RealMenDontCry: Real men do not show their weaknesses or break down.
** RealMenHateSugar: Real men do not eat sweet or pleasant foods, to prove their toughness.
* TestesTest: If anything bad has happened to him, a man will check to make sure his scrotum (the essence of his manhood) is still intact.
* ThereAreNoGirlsOnTheInternet: Because of the wild, savage and blunt nature of the internet, women are thought to be a rarity.
* TheUnfairSex: Exceptions are made for women, under the assumption that it's safer or more fair for them, that wouldn't be made for men.
* WomenPreferStrongMen: The implication that women are always attracted to shows of power and dominance--especially physical force and musculature.
** AllAmazonsWantHercules: No matter how strong she is, she always wants a stronger man.
** BestHerToBedHer: She's strong, but he has to be stronger to win her
[[/index]]

!!Aversions, and subversions
* DistressedDude: A man needs rescuing--a role that women usually play in fiction.
* GenderIsNoObject: A true aversion of this trope. For example, a boy who is just as much a [[TheFashionista Fashionista]] in a movie/show about clothes. This trope becomes less of an aversion in media where toughness is a virtue, such as a FightingSeries.
* {{Househusband}}: A man who does the housekeeping while his wife is the breadwinner. Considered atypical of gender roles.
* InTouchWithHisFeminineSide: Depending on how many feminine traits he exhibits, a male character can completely subvert this trope.
** AgentPeacock: When an effeminate man is also an Action Guy.
** {{Bishounen}}: When a man is just as beautiful as most women.
** {{Bromance}}: When men subvert RealMenHateAffection, and show an emotional side toward their fellow man. [[HoYay But not in THAT way.]]
** CampStraight: When an effeminate man, typically an example of CampGay stereotypes, is actually heterosexual.
** MasculineGirlFeminineBoy: When a more masculine, tough, or butch girl is matched up with a more feminine guy for contrast.
** MrSeahorse: A man carries a child the way women do, encountering many of the same delicate problems and issues.
** RealMenWearPink: Pink, the color associated with girls and femininity, is worn by a dude who's cool with it.
** {{Uke}}: This man is the more feminine and submissive lover in a gay relationship.
* MoreDeadlyThanTheMale: Because women are typically portrayed as more delicate or weak, situations where men are the weaker sex are considered odd or quaint.
** ActionGirlfriend: A girlfriend who is more badass than her boyfriend.
** MistressAndServantBoy: A woman who exudes power, prestige or professionalism over a submissive male servant.
** WeaknessTurnsHerOn: A woman is attracted to men who are weaker than herself.
* NonActionGuy: A man who is not combat, action, or adventure adept. Common in RealLife, considered extremely odd for fiction.


!! Zig-zagged (neither played straight nor averted)
'''Tropes in this section tend to showcase a man with both tough qualities and more delicate ones, or two or more characters with juxtaposing characteristics.'''
[[index]]
* ActionHeroBabysitter: A man is cast in the nurturing role of caretaker, but using tough, badass skills to get the job done. PlayedForLaughs.
* BeardOfSorrow: A manly way of showing emotions, usually used to show that [[MenAreUncultured he's lost touch with society]] and let his appearance slide.
* BromanticFoil: A raunchy, headstrong, and often perverted male friend or companion which makes another male (usually the {{Protagonist}}) look well-adjusted or normal by comparison.
* CasanovaWannabe: A man who believes he's a ladies man, but has substantial flaws in his approach.
* {{Cuckold}}: A man whose woman is having sex with another person(s). The "Bull" (her lover) is almost '''always''' another man [[GirlOnGirlIsHot because otherwise the effect is lessened]]. Her infidelity is played for the humiliation and emasculation of the cuckolded man, the sexual depravity of the wife, and to portray the Bulls as "superior" men. The scenario is used for the titillation of the audience. The cultural implications, however, is that any man who fails to satisfy his wife, and "tame" her, is less of a man while the men that succeed are "real" men.
* EmotionalBruiser: A badass who fights with his emotions on his sleeve. Considered unusual for pragmatic, stoic and tough males.
** ManlyTears: Men crying or showing tears. However, these men are usually not shown as emotional broken or destraught, and only as a moment of "weakness" or irrationality.
** PapaWolf: A man who fights to defend his younger charges or children. Usually the go-to portrayal for a fatherly role in an action setting.
* GentlemanAndAScholar: A man who is both educated and adept in culture. May be a NonActionGuy, but still rational, stable, and elegant.
* HaveIMentionedIAmHeterosexualToday: A man reminds everyone that he is not homosexual. [[AndThatsTerrible Because that would be "terrible".]]
* IWasBeatenByAGirl: Being beaten by a girl is considered insulting for a tough guy.
* NobleMaleRoguishMale: A contrast between a more socially-adept and proper man, and a rebellious, roguish outsider. Typically compared for toughness.
* NonActionSnarker: A man who is not physical tough, but compensates for it in abrasive or cynical attitude.
* PrinceCharming: A dashing, handsome man who arrives to romance and/or rescue a waiting female.
** PrinceCharmingWannabe: He's not as dashing/handsome as he believes. The woman may scoff at his rescue.
** PrinceCharmless: A subversion of the PrinceCharming, with a prince that has no tact, social skills, or charms whatsoever.
* RealMenCook: Manliness is paramount to being able to use fire to prepare food. Cooking is [[FeminineWomenCanCook is usually associated with feminine traits]], but in this case, the ability to master such a skill is considered manly. (For example: in fiction, maids and housewives can cook, but a Master Chef is usually male.)
* SamusIsAGirl: A tough and badass character appears and, to everyone's shock, reveals that they are a girl.
* SensitiveGuyAndManlyMan: Two men that contrast each other by playing this trope straight and subverting it.
* TeenyWeenie: A man's worth is measured by the size of his genitalia.
* TestosteronePoisoning: Manliness to the extreme.
* WouldHitAGirl: Hitting a female is considered reprehensible, no matter the reason. But not hitting a guy. This character (almost AlwaysMale) would hit both.
[[/index]]

!!Played With
'''Tropes in this section are tangentially related to this trope, in that they likely would not exist if this trope was not the default assumption. These tropes are typically "exceptions" to this trope--but with some sort of baggage that examines the negative consequences of men failing to be tough, or the benefits of measuring women that have the same capability of men. However, the relation has become woven with so many societal complexities that they cannot directly be considered subtropes or aversions.'''

* BadassFamily: Similar to BattleCouple, but with every member of the family being just as awesome.
* BadassGay: With the assumption that homosexuality is weak and unmanly, a homosexual character that is unquestionably a {{Badass}} is a significant aversion.
* BattleCouple: In heterosexual relationships, having both a man and woman that are tough is treated as remarkable. In a homosexual relationship, it overlaps with BadassGay.
* CampGay: An effeminate man who is attracted to men. Can have UnfortunateImplications which insist that men who don't want women are "unmanly".
** SissyVillain: A villain who is campy, effeminate, and evil. The association can imply that those traits go hand-in-hand.
** EffeminateMisogynisticGuy: A misogynist who hates women despite displaying the stereotypical characteristics of one. Perhaps to show that he can do it "better".
* {{Dominatrix}}: A woman dominates a man, but solely for the sexual fetish.
** AllWomenAreDomsAllMenAreSubs: Women are typically portrayed as dominatrixes in fiction, because it's considered less uncomfortable than a man dominating a woman.
** BastardGirlfriend: An abusive, creepy, or violent woman is played for fetish.
* EunuchsAreEvil: A man missing his genitalia who is portayed as evil. The association can imply that those traits go hand-in-hand.
* HenpeckedHusband: A husband who is nagged, abused, or derided by his wife. Implies that the man is either weak-willed, or that his wife is just irrational or bitter. Or both.
** BumblingDad: A man is portrayed as incompetent at a domestic task like raising children.
** LazyHusband: A man is portrayed as a do-nothing while his wife does all of the work both in home and out.
* LadykillerInLove: Being a [[TheCasanova Casanova]] comes at odds with finding a OneTrueLove. Again, carries the connotations that a sexually-aggressive man is unused to more delicate or romantic feelings.
* TheSlacker: Men in a domestic or social setting are shown as do-nothing layabouts. Has become a more reoccurring trope in modern fiction, as the {{Everyman}} has gained popularity.
** FatSlob: A man who is [[MenAreUncultured uncultured,]] slovenly, and overweight.
** JadedWashout: His glory days have passed long ago, and he cannot adjust to a new life.
** LazyHusband: A man is portrayed as a do-nothing while his wife does all of the work both in home and out.
** {{NEET}}: A college-aged male who is portrayed as a ButtMonkey, due to being a do-nothing layabout with no ambitions.
** UselessBoyfriend: A man does nothing to assist in day-to-day life with his far more pragmatic and forward-thinking girlfriend.
* UnluckyEverydude: An [[TheEveryman Everyman]] who does not know his way with women, usually implying that this is the typical male condition. While it demonstrates a discomfort with women which is far from the idealized manly man, the "unlucky" portion also implies that this is a bad thing.
** DoggedNiceGuy: A NiceGuy who is interested in a female companionship, but is stuck in the FriendZone.
* MagicalGirlfriend: A man who is normal or unremarkable meets a powerful supernatural woman. However, she usually becomes subservient to him.
* MommasBoy: A man who is either subservient or extremely protective of his mother.
** EvenBadMenLoveTheirMamas: No matter how evil he becomes, he still cares for the woman who nurtured him.
** MyBelovedSmother: A son who is nagged, abused, or derided by his mother. Implies that the man is either weak-willed, or that his mother is just irrational or bitter. Or both.
* StrawMisogynist: An extreme misogynist that goes way over the top in bashing women or femininity. Used to push the point that [[AndThatsTerrible misogyny is really, really bad]], but lacks any sort of ambiguity.
* UnmanlySecret: A man who strives to be manly has a secret which reveals him to be InTouchWithHisFeminineSide.
[[/index]]