->''"Fortune, you and the rest of Dead Cell stand in for the FOXHOUND squad that Snake took on in Shadow Moses. You're the most impressive collection of freaks outside of FOXHOUND."''
-->-- '''Revolver Ocelot''', ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid2SonsOfLiberty''

''...[[Music/TheWho same as the old boss.]]''

This is what happens when old villains are replaced with new villains who nevertheless use a suspiciously similar modus operandi and have similar flaws.

The {{Trope Namer|s}} is Music/TheWho song [[Music/WhosNext "Won't Get Fooled Again"]] which uses this exact trope, though with [[ProtestSong political and revolution overtones]].

Can be a result of a PostScriptSeason, a {{Retool}}, or {{Sequelitis}}.

SubTrope of SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute.

Compare with FullCircleRevolution, when this happens to LaResistance after a successful coup. See also HeWhoFightsMonsters for where the new boss didn't start out the same as the old boss, but became that way in the process of deposing him.

Contrast CharlieBrownFromOuttaTown in ProfessionalWrestling, where the new guy ''is'' the old guy with a PaperThinDisguise. If it turns out the new boss is actually a pawn of the old boss, then you have HijackedByGanon.



[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* The last three seasons of ''Anime/SailorMoon'' each revolved around a different group of villains looking for a MacGuffin needed to achieve world domination. They did so by extracting different [[AnatomyOfTheSoul manifestations of a "soul"]] from random humans in the hope of getting the special one they were seeking, but most of the time ended up only getting blanks. Particularly egregious in the final season: Sailor Galaxia knew ''perfectly'' where the True Starseeds (the {{MacGuffin}}s of the season) were, but didn't tell her minions just to enjoy the show.
* ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' went from fighting a corrupt village chief who repressed the villagers, supposedly for their own good, to fighting a deranged God-king who repressed humanity, supposedly for their own good, to fighting a deranged alien race who repressed sentient life in general, supposedly for their own good. The same events and themes reoccurring with escalation is part of the overlying "Spiral" theme of the show itself, so it's probably safe to assume that this was entirely deliberate.
* The ''Franchise/DragonBall'' universe:
** King Piccolo, Vegeta and Freeza. It all goes like this: BigBad wants Dragon Balls, Goku and company (including [[DefeatMeansFriendship the previous arc's Big Bad]]) fight a series of mooks and various [[TheDragon lieutenants]] until the Dragon Balls are no longer an issue and then they fight the BigBad himself. [[{{Reincarnation}} Piccolo Jr.]] (who is fought between King Piccolo and Vegeta) is an exception because he doesn't want the Dragon Balls and he doesn't have any subordinates. He simply wants revenge on Goku.
** A second trend was formed starting with the Androids, created by Dr. Gero, who wanted to get revenge on Goku and take over the world (or something). Then came Cell, another creation of Gero made to get revenge on Goku, who also wanted to ''destroy'' the world. Then came Babidi, son of a defeated EvilSorcerer who wanted to revive his father's PersonOfMassDestruction creation, [[RuleOfThree and get revenge.]]
* Younger Toguro and Sensui from ''Anime/YuYuHakusho''. Both {{Death Seeker}}s who wanted Yusuke to defeat them. Both have existential crises based around WhatMeasureIsANonHuman. Two differences: Toguro was looking for power, and Sensui had already found it, but had pretty much [[WithGreatPowerComesGreatInsanity gone nuts]] doing so, and Sensui wanted to go somewhere before he was killed. The main difference is, [[spoiler:Toguro was a demon who wanted to be killed by a human, while Sensui was a human who wanted to be killed by a demon. Lucky for them, Yusuke is [[HalfHumanHybrid both]].]]
* Subverted in ''Manga/DeathNote'' where the lines and appearances between good and evil are repeatedly blurred and questioned. Misa sort of fits this trope from L's perspective when she becomes the second Kira but operates less methodically and for different reasons from Kira so that L has to shift his focus in the investigation. From Light's perspective, [[spoiler:pending L's death]], Near and Mello.
* The Principality of Zeon from ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'' is a [[ANaziByAnyOtherName Nazi-esque]] military dictatorship that aims to rule the solar system while proclaiming the superiority of space-born humans over ones born on Earth. The Titans from ''Anime/MobileSuitZetaGundam'' are a Nazi-esque military dictatorship that aim to rule the solar system while proclaiming the superiority of Earth-born humans over ones born in space. What a huge change!
%%* Deliberately invoked by Lelouch in ''Anime/CodeGeass'' as part of a martyrdom ThanatosGambit.

* ''ComicBook/{{Micronauts}}'' spent the first 30-odd issues disposing the tyrant Baron Karza (the black-armored centauriod figure in the collection). Once they had finally deposed the Baron, leading hero Force-Commander (the white-armored centauriod) did a FaceHeelTurn and became the new BigBad.
* In ''ComicBook/SonicTheHedgehog'', after spending 50+ issues fighting Dr. Robotnik, he's finally done in by a combination of a DuelToTheDeath with Sonic and his nephew Snively, who was acting as TheStarscream. Twenty-Five issues and minor dealings with wanna-be BigBad Ixis Naugus, the new villain shows up... Robo-Robotnik, a Robotnik from another universe, who takes over and takes up the name Dr. Eggman.
* ''Comicbook/GoldDigger'': A megalomaniacal sky pirate is poised to inherit an entire colony by dictatorial monarchy. In a strange turn of events, her sister is implied to have even MORE potential as a tyrant (she summoned a giant golem relic from the island - don't ask), but while the pirate's Dragon and Dragon's love rival are dueling, said sister is imprisoned thanks to the Dragon's love rival. Sky Pirate queen starts out her inauguration speech moments later by proposing an economic revitalization plan in exchange for her absolute rule - and then decides to drop the act and just get straight to the [[ThisIsGonnaSuck "I am the boss of you"]] part.
* In ''{{Comicbook/Tintin}}'', it's made clear that when Alcazar takes over San Theodoros from Tapioca, nothing really changes. They just alter signs that read "Viva Tapioca" to "Viva Alcazar" and change the soldiers' uniforms slightly.
* ''ComicBook/UsagiYojimbo'': Kitsune is hired to help get rid of a superstitious gang boss by swiping the lucky crab charm that he took from ''his'' superstitious boss who he served as [[TheStarscream second-in-command]] [[spoiler: and ''his'' second-in-command takes from ''him'', noting that he "can already feel its power". Usagi is aghast they basically risked their lives for nothing but Kitsune laughs it off -- after all, they got paid]].
* In ''ComicBook/TransformersRobotsInDisguise'', Megatron is replaced by Galvatron [[note]]unlike most continuities, Megatron and Galvatron are two completely separate, unrelated individuals in IDW's comic books[[/note]] as leader of the Decepticons following the former's [[spoiler: HeelFaceTurn]]. The big difference is that the Decepticons don't feel as loyal to him: the only ones who actually like him are the really bloodthirsty ones, like Brawl, Acidstorm, and Blitzwing.
* ''ComicBook/{{Persepolis}}'' depicts life in Iran under the rule of [[MoralGuardians Islamic theocracy]] as this. The Iranian revolution brings about the downfall of the American-appointed Shah, seen as a tool of western oppression with 3,000 political prisoners, but replaces him with the fundamentalists, a tool of ''national'' oppression with 300,000 political prisoners.

* In the ''Film/JamesBond'' franchise, there is some similarity between Stromberg (''Film/TheSpyWhoLovedMe'') and Drax (''Film/{{Moonraker}}''). Both have visions of a utopia, both intend to use mass genocide to create them, both use respectable business fronts, both of them employ Jaws... ''Moonraker'' was basically just ''Film/TheSpyWhoLovedMe'' [[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: [[Recycled In SPACE IN SPACE! ]]
]]. Also, Stromberg's plot in ''The Spy Who Loved Me'' is similar to Blofeld's plot in ''Film/YouOnlyLiveTwice'' in the attempts to start an all-out war between the United States and Russia. And all three were directed by the same director!
* ''Franchise/FridayThe13th''
** Jason replacing [[spoiler:[[Film/FridayThe13th1980 his own mother]]]] as the slasher in the sequels with the same M.O. and a related motive.
** [[spoiler:Roy Burns]] from ''[[Film/FridayThe13thPartVANewBeginning Part V]]'' (Following Jason being "killed"... for one film) would be a more "traditional" example. When disguised as Jason, [[spoiler:Roy]] not only used his M.O. but also acted like Jason; silently determined instead of deceptive, crazy-violent and motive-hissing.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Megamind}}'': After [[BigBad Titan]] defeats [[VillainProtagonist Megamind]], the Mayor hails him as a hero. Titan corrects him, saying that Metrocity is "under new management."
* ''Film/{{The Square|2013}}'': Activists in Egypt succeed in formenting protests that eventually overthrow dictator Hosni Mubarak. The activists are not happy when the army, instead of allowing free elections, installs an autocratic dictatorship which is basically Mubarak without Mubarak. The activists take to Tahrir Square again.

* At the end of the Literature/{{Discworld}} novel ''Discworld/NightWatch'', Homicidal Lord Winder is replaced by the (soon to be known as) Mad Lord Snapcase, who immediately goes on to prove himself just as bad as his predecessor when he orders the main character's death. Mister Slant, the leader of the Guild of Lawyers, even lampshades this when he says the trope name in CanisLatinicus.
-->''[[AltumVidetur Ave! duci novo, similis duci seneci!]]''
** Hell, they just come right out and say it in English, too.
%%* Napoleon in Creator/GeorgeOrwell's ''Literature/AnimalFarm''.
* In ''Literature/TheBelgariad'', the people of Nyissa actively and ruthlessly engineer this: In order to ensure their Queen's LegacyImmortality, they train 20 girls into behaving, acting, and thinking like her. When the Queen dies (which means they killed her because her age started showing), they pick the best impersonator and kill the 19 others, starting the cycle anew.
* In Creator/MichaelFlynn's ''Literature/SpiralArm'' novel ''On the Razor's Edge'', Donovan learns that Padaborn's revolt triggered many power shifts among the Names, to contain the problem, with new faces, much of which had passed unnoticed. [[spoiler:Later, he learns that he is not Padaborn after amnesia, but one of his trusted lieutenants, betrayed to the Names; Padaborn himself went on to become one of the Names he revolted against.]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/StargateSG1'' has the Goa'uld and the Ori. Both [[SufficientlyAdvancedAlien pretend to be gods]], both [[TakeOverTheWorld want to rule the universe]].
** The Ori actually have great power as a result of being ascended, while the Goa'uld used (stolen) technology to imitate godlike powers. The show makes it clear that the Ori are most definitely NOT gods, though.
** Before that, the horrific Sokar, a Goa'uld overlord banished by his kin for his [[EvenEvilHasStandards great evil]] and now back for vengeance, was replaced by... the horrific Anubis, a Goa'uld overlord banished by his kin for his great evil and now back for vengeance. And they were even played by the same actor!
** Especally JustForFun/{{egregious}} because the showrunner of SGA and later seasons of SG-1 was not fond of the Goa'uld. Yes, let's get rid of the "ridiculous Goa'uld," as he put it, and replace them with... an advanced evil alien race who masquerade as gods and subjugate primitive humans! And whose minions have staff-like weapons. We've never seen that before, right? Even the Wraith qualify - Goa'uld-ish voices and human servants being "worshipers" makes them more numerous Goa'uld with vampire flavoring. Yes, there ''are'' staff-style Wraith stunners in addition to the smaller ones. Oh, then we find out that different hives have different queens and they don't like each other but alliances can be made and... we basically re-introduce Goa'uld politics using Wraith Queens as System Lords.
* ''Franchise/PowerRangers'' was positively horrible about this while it was still set on Earth. It starts out with Rita Repulsa, whose motivation was to conquer Earth starting with Angel Grove, sticking to the tactic of sending the same squad of incompetent Putties and a single MonsterOfTheAesop in easily defeated waves. Once she got usurped by Lord Zedd, he pretty much just maintained the same status quo. They were then replaced with the Machine Empire, who pretty much did the exact same things. ''Turbo'' comes along and we meet the new threat, Divatox, who also quickly settles into doing the same things (often with a bomb thrown in somewhere for good measure.) She's followed by Astronema. The leader of the LegionOfDoom chooses a newcomer to go after the Rangers, and she starts out by laying waste to NASADA and trying to take out the Rangers' shuttle... but soon settles into doing exactly the same things as the others, for at least the first half of the season.\\
After the Zordon era, taking on the ''SuperSentai'' formula in which a new season equals total overhaul, sometimes the BigBad within a series will be defeated and a new one will come to power. It will be a momentous occasion... but the first episode after the transition will also consist of the new villain using the same methods as the first. ''Series/PowerRangersWildForce'' was a bit different, though, with Mandilok being much more proactive than Master Org. We know by now that [[StrictlyFormula the formula]] isn't going anywhere. From one season to the next, ''every'' villain will follow the same tactics. But [[TropesAreNotBad we wouldn't have it any other way]].
* ''Series/HouseOfCardsUK''. After Prime Minister Urquhart is assassinated by corrupt Special Branch officers, Commander Corder offers his services to Tom Makepeace, who is set to become the new PM.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* This was lampooned in ''Videogame/SuperMarioRPG''. The opening level has the player liberating Peach from Bowser's Castle (as per usual). After Bowser is displaced by an even worse foe, he winds up at the foot of Booster's Tower, sadly reminiscing about the good old days. We soon see that Peach, who vanished in the same kerfuffle which left Bowser homeless, is stuck on the tower's peak. Booster, another horned weirdo, has decided to marry her for no discernible reason.
* The first ''VideoGame/ShadowHearts'' game. In the first half of the game, you stop an ethnically stereotypical Chinese magus who wants to summon an incredibly powerful celestial being to remake/destroy the world. In the second half, you stop an ethnically stereotypical ''British'' magus who wants to summon an incredibly powerful celestial being to remake/destroy the world. The game itself notes this, as [[spoiler:Albert Simon]] states outright he's doing what Dehuai ''tried'' to do - just ''correctly'' this time.
* Early in the game's existence, ''Videogame/CityOfHeroes'' had a Nazi group known as the 5th Column as one of the many different villain factions players could encounter. They would later be taken over by the Council, a group that, while adding a few new enemy types to its arsenal like the Galaxy division, was otherwise just a more generic PaletteSwap of the Column with different names. To the point where [[MisBlamed fans keep accusing the creators]] [[NoSwastikas of censoring Nazis.]] The 5th Column has been undergoing a resurgence, though, starting with their appearance in a few time-travel related Task Force arcs, to being revived under new leadership, and most recently, they have begun appearing in the streets again, usually beating up Council members.
* The bosses in ''VideoGame/TheKingOfFighters'' games. There will always be a scheme that will somehow involve gathering energy from the fighters in the tournament- from using it to resurrect Orochi to destroy mankind to using the energy to fire a space cannon to fire laser beams to Southtown. Oh and they all have the SNKBoss Syndrome as well.
* Near the end of ''VideoGame/JadeEmpire'', [[spoiler: Sun Li the Glorious Strategist shows up, hijacks the previous villain's plan to lead the Empire to glory with the Water Dragon's power. He does prove much more dangerous though, mostly through sheer competence (he actually kills the hero off almost instantly, and only loses in the end because a god intervened).]]
* Every ''VideoGame/DevilMayCry'' game since the first features a human seeking to exploit the power of demons to become a demon himself.
* The main villains in ''VideoGame/{{Kingdom Hearts|I}}'' and ''VideoGame/KingdomHeartsII'' were [[spoiler: Xehanort's Heartless and Xehanort's Nobody Xemnas, respectively. Both their plans involve collecting hearts, making you run around fixing different worlds that could be destroyed by their actions, causing some awfully similar enemies to attack people and even their appearance is the same although they are still individuals in their own right and work independently.]]
* In ''VideoGame/BioShock1'', [[spoiler: when Jack kills Andrew Ryan, Frank Fontaine takes over Ryan Industries.]] And in ''VideoGame/BioShock2'', Sofia Lamb ends up being NotSoDifferent from Ryan [[TheHorseshoeEffect despite them having polar opposite ideologies]]: Ryan doesn't care about his underlings individually because "look out for number one" is his motto, while Lamb takes the "collective good" so far that to her, one person's life is meaningless.
** Lampshaded by Booker in [[VideoGame/BioShockInfinite]]. When he is comparing local dictator Comstock and Comstock's arch rival Fitzroy: "...when it comes down to it, the only difference between Comstock and Fitzroy is how you spell the name".
** Again by Elizabeth in ''[[{{BioShockInfinite/BurialAtSea}} BioShock Infinite: Burial at Sea]]'', along with all the other similarities in the SharedUniverse. Booker doesn't peg Elizabeth for the type to apply for Rapture citzenship; not capitalist enough. Elizabeth drolly answers that she's seen enough personality cults... ("Just another set of fanatics with another set of books.")
* Supplementary materials for ''VideoGame/MaxPayne 3'' state that the Cracha Preto liberate favelas from the GangBangers oppressing the people and then go right on oppressing.
* ''VideoGame/{{Pokemon}}'' had Team Aqua/Magma in the 3rd games, and Galactic in the 4th. Both wanted to capture and control the version specific Legendary, the former two to expand the size of the ocean/land the latter because their leader wanted to [[AGodAmI become a god]]. Not technically true in Emerald or Platinum, where the evil teams succeed in their plots and the version mascot shows up to save the day. All three groups are stand-ins for the 1st game's Team Rocket, which wanted to capture any and all rare and/or powerful Pokemon, and in the anime ''created'' their own Legendary, Mewtwo, in order to rule the world.
* There's also Malladus, the BigBad of ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaSpiritTracks'', who greatly resembles the normal BigBad of the series, Ganon. Similarly, [[spoiler:TheManBehindTheMan Demise]] from ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaSkywardSword'' shares many visual and psychological traits with Ganon, particularly the face and the colors (brown body, fiery-red hair, crimson cloak). Both Malladus and Demise also share the title of Demon King, which is usually attributed to Ganon, further helping the similarities.
* ''VideoGame/{{Dishonored}}'': Corvo spends 3/4ths of the game taking down the Lord Regent, who has turned the once-great city Dunwall into a spiraling heap of rats and zombies. The remaining 1/4th is [[spoiler:taking down the very resistance who fought him, having snapped from the realization that their nefarious acts for the greater good have gone too far to be forgiven, and positioned themselves as the new rulers.]]
* ''VideoGame/FarCry4'': Pagan Min is a sociopathic dictator who enslaves civilians to harvest drugs and has families executed on a whim, and kills people personally for fun. The only REAL difference between him and his replacement in any of the multiple endings is which trait gets horrifyingly exaggerated. [[spoiler:If Amita leads the Golden Path, she'll enslave everyone to work in sweatshop factories for mass-producing drugs. If Sabal leads the Golden Path, he'll kill everyone who worshipped someone other than his gods; unfortunately, this includes over 90% of Kyrat's population. If Ajay takes over as the new king, he'll keep killing random people off the roads without any sense of remorse whatsoever.]]
* Genesis Rhapsodos from ''VideoGame/CrisisCore'', the prequel of ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII'', is a duplicated version of Sephiroth at the time the latter was still a good guy in both appearance ([[BadassLongcoat longcoat]] and long sword along with an [[spoiler: OneWingedAngel transformation]]) and backstory (former member of SOLDIER who turned evil after learning the truth behind his existence).

[[folder:Web Animation]]
* In ''Machinima/RedVsBlue'', Red and Blue teams find themselves talking to Vic Jr. Who's a GenerationXerox of the original Vic, and is equally a corrupt dick running both teams. However, it's implied, and later confirmed, that they're actually the same person. [[spoiler: And an AI!]]

* Early in ''Webcomic/KevinAndKell'', Kell's boss was a wolf(?) seen only from the jaws forward, known only as L.D. After he died, a canid known as R.L. took his place. To this day, the only clear difference between them is in the initials.
* Discussed in ''Webcomic/PennyAndAggie'' during the "Popsicle Wars" arc, when Aggie and Lisa try to convince Katy Ann to join them in taking on Karen and her clique of bullies:
-->'''Aggie''': This group we're gathering, it's not going to last if the only goal is to replace Czarina Karen with Dictator Penny.\\
'''Lisa''': It can't be "Meet the new boss, same as the old boss." Wait...technically Penny would be the "old boss"...Pete Townshend, your lyrics are not as relevant to my life as advertized!"

%% [[folder:Web Original]]
%% [[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/RickAndMorty'': After Rick C-137 (the show's main Rick) overthrows the corrupt and dictatorial Council of Ricks in "The Rickshank Redemption", the Citadel of Ricks decides in "The Ricklantis Mix-up" their new leader will be a democratically elected president. Unfortunately for them, they are manipulated into electing [[spoiler:Candidate Morty]] for the position, who turns out to be [[spoiler:Evil Morty from Season 1]], who immediately begins enacting reforms by [[spoiler:murdering nearly the entire [[TheIlluminati Shadow Council of Ricks]] who secretly ruled the Citadel behind the scenes, then [[ThrownOutTheAirlock ejecting their bodies into space]] along with those of his other enemies (including at least one who was alive when he was ejected), all while sinisterly promising to "take action" that is unlikely to be in the benefit of the other Ricks and Mortys in the long run.]]