[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/33445_russian_nesting_dolls_1_222.jpg]]
->"I'm full of tinier men!"
-->-- ''TheTick'', Living Doll

A form of replication in which a container holds a smaller version of itself. Sometimes, the smallest container holds a [[EasterEgg surprise]] for the person who goes through all of the trouble to opening all of those layers.

SuperTrope to NestedMouths and RecursiveAmmo. Compare to NestedStory and RecursiveReality.
----
!!Examples:
[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* In ''Anime/YuGiOhZEXAL,'' Housaku Yasai uses move a called "Tomato Matryoshka" which allows him to summon another "Tomato Matryoshka" from his hand or deck when it is Normal Summoned.
* ''TengenToppaGurrenLagann''. The titular mech is the size of a galaxy, piloted by Choginga Gurren Lagann, the size of a moon, piloted by Arc Gurren Lagann, the size of a mountain, piloted by Gurren Lagann, the size of a house, piloted by Simon, the size of a man. [[CaptainObvious Simon pilots himself.]]
** Turned UpToEleven in the movie edition, where the titular mech pilots Super TTGL, which is the size of several galaxies (TTGL makes up about the size of Super TTGL's head).
* In ''WebComic/AxisPowersHetalia'', Santa went missing one year, so the nations helped by delivering presents themselves. Japan filled his gifts with games and boxes nested inside larger boxes.
-->'''Kid:''' (opening his presents) "Whoa! More boxes are in this box! No matter how many boxes I open, there're more inside them, Dad! It's like a matroyska doll!"
* Used in the ''Anime/{{Wowser}}'' episode "Slap Happy Birthday" when Wowser finds a birthday present from Ratso on his doorstep, which turns out to be one of these, only for Wowser to find an itty-bitty (explosive) bone after taking all of the boxes out of the other.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In a ''TheFabulousFurryFreakBrothers'' comic, Fat Freddy brought home a shrink-wrapped package of marijuana. It had another layer of shrink wrap inside, which had another layer, which had another... although just before Franklin and Phineas would have killed him for spending their drug money on plastic bags, there was indeed a tightly compressed bag of marijuana at the very center.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film - Animated]]
* In ''WesternAnimation/HowTheGrinchStoleChristmas'', one waiter serves a tray containing another waiter, and so on, until a tiny one gives Cindy Lou Who a strawberry.
* One of the toys in ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'' is a nesting egg.
* From ''WesternAnimation/TheNightmareBeforeChristmas'':
** A Mr. Hyde character that keeps a smaller Hyde under his hat, who in turn has a smaller Hyde under his hat.
** A nested doll appears in the "Making Christmas" sequence, the smallest doll of which contains a live scorpion ([[FridgeLogic We never see it opened]]).
* In ''WesternAnimation/IceAge: A Mammoth Christmas'', Scrat gets a giant acorn from Santa, which opens up to reveal another acorn inside, and another, and another and another, until eventually he gets the real (small) acorn in the middle.
* The closing credits of ''WesternAnimation/{{Cars}} 2'' showed [[TheOtherDarrin Fillmore]], Sarge, Luigi, and Guido as nesting dolls.
* One of the Misfit Toys in ''WesternAnimation/RudolphTheRedNosedReindeer'' is a clown nesting doll, whose smallest doll contains a wind-up mouse.
* The present DonaldDuck receives from [[Disney/SaludosAmigos Jose Carioca]] and Panchito Pistoles at the very beginning of ''Disney/TheThreeCaballeros''.
* In ''RiseOfTheGuardians'', BadassSanta Nicholas St. North [[DareToBeBadass challenges Jack Frost]] by asking, "What is your center?" He uses a Matryoshka doll of himself to illustrate his point. Each consecutive shell reveals a facet of his personality; powerful, jolly, mysterious, until he shows the center doll, which has a baby-face with wide eyes to illustrate his center, his sense of wonder.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film - Live Action]]
* In ''Film/TheSorcerersApprentice'', Morgana's prison is a literal nesting doll. She's trapped at the center, and each of the other layers imprisons a different Morganan ([[BlackMagic evil magician]]).
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* ''Literature/TheCatInTheHat'': The Cat has Little Cat A under his hat, who has Little Cat B under its hat and so forth. [[spoiler:Underneath Cat Z's hat is the "Voom", which unleashes some kind of RealityBreakingParadox effect only for when the GodzillaThreshold has been reached (in the case, cleaning up the yard.)]]
* Inverted in ''The 500 Hats of Bartholomew Cubbins'' (also by Creator/DrSeuss): Cubbins' hat contains an identical hat. Removing the second hat reveals a third hat, which also looks exactly the same. At hat 451, the hats actually start to get bigger.
* In Creator/CoryDoctorow's ''Someone Comes to Town, Someone Leaves Town'', 3 of the protagonist's brothers are Matryoshka dolls in the literal sence (by the way, his father is a mountain, his mother a washing machine and two of his other brothers are an island and an undead ghoulish thing), so when the one with the actual digestive system goes missing, the other 2 start to starve.
* In ''TheThirdPoliceman'', one of the policemen occupies his time making boxes which contain perfect smaller replicas of themselves. The protagonist is highly disturbed by this.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* In the ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'' episode "The Chase", Picard's old archeology professor brings him a [[http://en.memory-alpha.org/wiki/Kurlan_naiskos Kurlan naiskos]] as a gift. An ancient relic, the figure opens up to reveal several smaller versions of the figure inside.
* In the ''Series/{{Community}}'' ChristmasEpisode "Abed's Uncontrolable Christmas", a gift labeled "Meaning of Christmas" has two nested boxes inside. Inside the last one is a DVD of ''Series/{{Lost}}'', which represents "[[TakeThat lack of payoff]]".
* Speaking of ''Series/{{Lost}}'', Howard L. Zukerman keeps diamonds a nested doll in the episode "Exposť".
* The TV version of ''TinkerTailorSoldierSpy'' has a traditional Russian one in its intro. Each doll is revealed to have an irate expression until the final one, which is blank. This is reflecting the search for a Russian mole at the heart of MI6.
* In ''Series/KaizokuSentaiGokaiger'', the HumongousMecha are nested in each other, each releasing the next-smallest. Sadly, the toys can't do that.
* In one episode of the classic DoctorWho, the Master disguises his TARDIS as a police box, [[XanatosGambit and the Doctor materializes his TARDIS]] around it. [[ItMakesAsMuchSenseInContext Somehow]] this results in a large number of [=TARDISes-within-TARDISes,=] with the "innermost" one opening to a hitherto-nonexistent back door on the original TARDIS.
* In one episode of Series/{{Castle}}, Castle and Beckett have to check Eastern European shops to try to find a candy bar the victim had (so that they can hopefully identify her). Beckett tells the captain Castle "had to buy something in every shop!" He's then seen showing off a set of new nesting dolls, gleefully explaining that they defy the laws of physics because "Just when you think there can't be another one..."
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Professional wrestling]]
* Wrestling/{{TNA}} had Sports Entertainment Xtreme, a PowerStable so large it had other power stables inside of it. This is likely a something TNA picked up from Wrestling/{{AAA}}, which has had stables of comparable size such as La Sociedad, though the latter was a joining of multiple stables rather than one that formed internal groups on its own.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web original]]
* [[SCPFoundation SCP-]][[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-641 641]] takes the form of a set of these.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/{{Stacking}}'' takes place in a world of Matryoshka dolls, so this counts for everyone in it.
* In ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII'':
** The Grangalan outside Costa del Sol can spawn smaller versions of itself known Grangalan Jr. for the second generation and Grangalan Jr. Jr. for the third and smallest generation.
** The [[PlotCoupon Black Materia]] is contained within the Temple of the Ancients. When the party goes in and discovers it, they discover it is actually a replica of the real thing, and the real Black Materia is actually the Temple itself that contains it.
* Tweedle Dee and Tweedle Dum from ''VideoGame/AmericanMcGeesAlice'' can open up and spawn smaller, weaker copies of themselves.
* Some treasure chests in ''VideoGame/DonkeyKongCountry'' games are like this, and the inner chests are inexplicably the exact same size as their containers.
* In ''VideoGame/KidIcarusUprising'', this is one of the forms [[{{Shapeshifter}} Thanatos]] assumes during his boss fight.
* In ''VideoGame/DevilSurvivor2'', [[spoiler:the manifested Dragon Stream]] is one of these. It's a segmented "dragon" made up of heads linked by NestedMouths. [[spoiler:When you beat Mizar, it ends up swallowing Mizar along with every head in the chain until the last is left.]]
* One of the enemies in ''AlienHominid'' is a bunch of robotic Russian Doll {{bears|AreBadNews}} that fight you partway through the boss.
* In ''VideoGame/PaperMarioStickerStar'', the boss of World 4 is a gigantic ice statue of Bowser. Once you deplete its health enough, it breaks apart, only to reveal an identical, smaller statue within. This continues until you uncover the one controlling it, [[spoiler:a [[{{Snowlems}} Mr. Blizzard]]]].
* ''Videogame/StarRuler'' allows people to [[DesignItYourselfEquipment design their own starships, then adjust the ship size]], from smaller than a Coke can to [[PlanetSpaceship larger than the galaxy]]. It's possible to build a size 2000 carrier which has docking space for a size 1500 carrier, then a 1000, then a 500, et cetera. With Quantum Compressors, the trope can be {{Inverted}} - it's possible to build a ship with a [[BiggerOnTheInside storage space larger than the ship itself]], allowing ships [[ClownCar to vomit out progressively larger ships]].
* The Mammoshka boss in VideoGame/MarioAndLuigiDreamTeam. It's a mammoth like creature inside a whole horde of mammoth like shells each slightly bigger than the one inside it. The actual creature even turns out to be less than half the size of the thing you start out by facing!
* {{Franchise/Ultima}} makes this a signature of [[BigBad the Guardian's]] magic constructs, with nearly all of them being hollow geometric objects containing a smaller copy of themselves inside.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/BluesClues'' has Steve opening a present with an increasingly smaller present inside each one.
* The Living Doll from ''TheTick'' has this superpower, hence the page quote.
* In the DaffyDuck & BugsBunny cartoon ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Million_Hare The Million Hare]]'' (1963), [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qz3tvUDZO9I Daffy and Bugs compete to win a prize]]. The prize turns out to be a "[[{{Pun}} million box]]"... which proves to be ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin: an enormous wooden crate, with ''one million'' tiny cardboard boxes inside. Each of the little boxes contains a $1 bill.
* One ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'' short, "Safety Second", has Tom cornered by a large firecracker. Instead of blowing up, it breaks apart to reveal a smaller firecracker, which then reveals a smaller firecracker, and so on until all that is left is a tiny firecracker. Tom holds it in his hand and places it on his nose, and then it blows up in a huge explosion.
* A couch gag in Season 9 of ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' has Homer run in front of the TV alone and the top half of his body pops off to reveal Marge. Inside Marge is Bart, inside him is Lisa and inside her is Maggie.
* The [[DisneyChannel Playhouse Disney]] series ''HigglytownHeroes'' featured characters whose appearance was modeled on these types of dolls.
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Ultimate Spider-Man}},'' there's a Doombot that contains a smaller Doombot which contains a smaller Doombot and so forth - all of them nasty, right down to the mouse-sized one. They get loose on the SHIELD helicarrier.
* In one scene in ''WesternAnimation/TheMrMenShow'', Mr. Scatterbrain does this.
* There was a ''WesternAnimation/MrBogus'' claymation short where Bogus finds a large fruit on the kitchen counter, but each time he cuts it open, the peeling falls apart to reveal a smaller fruit inside, and so on, until he is forced to settle with eating the tiny fruit found in the center.
* In ''WesternAnimation/RudolphTheRedNosedReindeer'', one of the Misfit Toys who appears in their song is a Matryoshka clown, who has a toy mouse as the innermost doll.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Real Life]]
* Why, [[TropeNamer the matryoshka dolls]] themselves! A common variation of them is a matryoshka with faces of various Russian leaders, usually from Lenin to Putin.
* By definition, baby mammals are smaller versions of their parents.
** Marsupials bring up the analogy to perfection.
*** Aphids take this UpToEleven. The females are actually ''born pregnant''.
* Nested functions are common in computer programming.
* A common prank/trick at Christmas is to wrap a special item within multiple layers of boxes.
** This is also the basis of the game "Pass the Parcel" - a prize is hidden within multiple layers of packaging and is passed around while music plays. When the music stops, whoever's holding the parcel gets to remove one layer.
* A more sinister example are the [=MIRV=]s, Multiple Independently-targetable Reentry Vehicles. These are missiles that [[RecursiveAmmo hosts many smaller missiles inside them]]. They may be armed with nukes.
* The smallest scale of model railroad, Z scale (1:220), can be used on larger model railroads to represent a model railroad. Yes, a model railroad featuring a model railroad. ''Webcomic/{{XKCD}}'' [[http://xkcd.com/878/ had fun with this idea]].
* Telescopic antennas are a textbook example of matryoshka principle in technology.
[[/folder]]

----