This is a summary of the Hero archetypes from ''45 Master Classes: Mythic Models for Creating Original Characters'' (see footnote on the index page, ''MasterCharacters''). You can also find the Heroine archetypes on MasterCharacterHeroines, and several additional types on MasterSupportCharacters.

Also listed are the villainous versions of the Hero archetypes; the book goes into detail on how each heroic archetype can become a villainous archetype.

Compare RomanceGenreHeroes.
----
[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Quick Overview ]]


The eight Hero archetypes are as follows:

* '''Apollo: [[TheSpock The Businessman]]'''
** A logical, focused team player who is good at planning and enjoys performing his duties (unemployment is death to him) but poor at dealing with chaotic forces (including emotions and relationships).
* '''Ares: [[AFatherToHisMen The Protector]]'''
** A physically oriented warrior who revels in competition and risk, [[PapaWolf defends his kin]], and fears nothing anyone can do to him - except losing the ability to fully use his body (paralysis would be death to him).
* '''Hades: [[TheHermit The Recluse]]'''
** [[ByronicHero A sensitive]] [[TheStoic introvert]] with a rich inner life, a dreamer and philosopher who shies from people (conformity is death to him); he might yearn for love or companionship but is at a loss as to how to get it.
* '''Hermes: [[TheTrickster The Fool]]'''
** A playful, carefree soul who enjoys his freedom and doesn't worry about consequences; he won't deliberately hurt others, but neither will he let himself be tied down to a relationship (and prison would be death to him).
* '''Dionysus: [[ChivalrousPervert The Woman's Man]]'''
** A fun-loving, sensual man who can't relate to masculine pastimes but revels in the company of women, who helps the women around him to find courage and realize their own worth - although the Dionysus himself often feels flawed and may never find the perfect woman he seeks.
* '''Osiris: [[MessianicArchetype The Male Messiah]]'''
** A spiritual leader focused on his mission, willing to sacrifice himself for the greater good, bringing wisdom and transformation into the lives of those he passes.
* '''Poseidon: [[TheMccoy The Artist]]'''
** A creative but emotionally volatile man who takes any criticism poorly (rejection is death to him); his behavior and reactions are not easily predicted, and even he may fear that he will harm those he loves.
* '''Zeus: [[ReasonableAuthorityFigure The King]]'''
** [[GuileHero A powerful leader]], even a bit of a {{control freak}} (loss of power is death to him), who demands obedience, provides for his family, and rises to any challenge, but sees emotions as weaknesses.

Their [[EvilCounterpart villainous versions]] are as follows:

* '''Apollo: [[TheParagonAlwaysRebels The Traitor]]'''
** A disillusioned or cynical team player who feels [[TheStarscream he can do the work better than his boss and backstabs him]] or, [[PoisonousFriend does evil in the name of his team, for the good of the team]]. The hero will either be the boss or a coworker that wasn't aware of his team's corruption and the Traitor's eager role in aiding it.
* '''Ares: [[PsychoForHire The Gladiator]]'''
** A warrior more concerned with battle and war than sportsmanship and protection. He fights for no one but himself, his pleasure in fighting, and will often pick war over peace with friends and family.
* '''Hades: [[LonersAreFreaks The Warlock]]'''
** A secluded introvert whose lousy people skills cause him to hurt others. Where the positive side of this archetype would try to learn from his faux pas, [[NeverMyFault the Warlock blames others for not understanding him]]. Also, a character who resents the people around him because of a social/political difference; in fantasy, [[FantasticRacism the non-human who resents humans]].
* '''Hermes: [[ConMan The Derelict]]'''
** A criminal who doesn't want to work within the parameters of law and decorum. He may think himself better than normal life, may have no problem with getting rich off of people's weaknesses, or be too lazy/dumb to work a 9-to-5 job, so he steals instead.
* '''Dionysus: [[TheCasanova The Seducer]]'''
** He does not respect women or want to help them, only use them for sex. He sees every new conquest as a trophy for himself. He doesn't care about [[DaddyDidntShow the consequences of his actions]] and often overindulges in other things.
* '''Osiris: [[DarkMessiah The Punisher]]'''
** A Messiah without patience and compassion is a visionary who quickly realizes most people aren't as far-sighted as himself. Instead of working to teach other his ways, he pushes people into [[SinkOrSwimMentor Sink or Swim]] TrainingFromHell at best. At worst, [[KnightTemplar he kills anyone who doesn't match his ideals]]. He sees it as [[TheSocialDarwinist weeding out the weak]], the job of the grim reaper incarnate.
* '''Poseidon: [[MadArtist The Abuser]]'''
** A psychopathic and vengeful man who will not rest until he gets his revenge, no matter who gets hurt in the process. When he gets his mitts on those who have slighted him he likes to punish them in the worst possible way and thoroughly enjoys it. He's the kind of man who will beat his wife and then give her flowers and apologies and repeat the cycle. In his world, [[MoralMyopia the only feelings that matter are his own]].
* '''Zeus: [[EvilOverlord The Dictator]]'''
** Primary obsessed with control, The Dictator is [[ObstructiveBureaucrat prone to making up new rules whenever it suits him]], purely to watch people struggle to abide by them and punish people for breaking them. He even takes it a step further, [[WhyDidYouMakeMeHitYou blaming the victim]] for breaking the rules, and even using their inability to follow said new rules to make more rules. And of course, anyone that dares betray him will suffer the consequences. [[ShootTheMessenger As will anyone unfortunate enough to be around him when that happens]].
----

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Hero Examples ]]


* '''Apollo the Businessman:'''
** [[Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries Spock]] is a classic version.
** Hotchner from ''Series/CriminalMinds'' might be a more "human" example.
** ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}'s'' Marco could well be Hotchner's son as far as his mentality is concerned.
** [[TVGenius Sher]][[SmallNameBigEgo man]] from ''Fanfic/CalvinAndHobbesTheSeries''
** Ratchet from ''WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime''
** ComicBook/IronMan
** Thomas Jerome Newton in ''Film/TheManWhoFellToEarth''
** Jace Beleren from ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering''
** Simon Illyan from VorkosiganSaga.
** Fred Jones from ''Franchise/ScoobyDoo''
** ComicBook/NickFury
** ComicBook/{{Cyclops}}
** Marc Clark from ''WesternAnimation/TheAmazingSpiez!''
** Gray Fullbuster from ''Manga/FairyTail''
** Russell Ferguson from ''WesternAnimation/LittlestPetShop''
* '''Ares the Protector:'''
** ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'s'' Dean Winchester
** Harry Dresden from ''Literature/TheDresdenFiles'', though he fights with magic rather than weapons.
** The book mentions Romeo from ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'' as an example.
** Arthur Pendragon grows into this in ''Series/{{Merlin}}''
** Kenshin Himura from ''Manga/RurouniKenshin.''
** [[SonicTheHedgehog Knuckles the Echidna]]
** Akihiko Sanada from {{Persona 3}}.
** Silverbolt from ''WesternAnimation/BeastWars''
** Mal Reynolds from ''Series/{{Firefly}}''
** Sky from ''WesternAnimation/WinxClub''
** The Master Chief from ''Franchise/{{Halo}}''
** [[Franchise/SuperMarioBros Mario]]
** Shining Armor from ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic''. He also doubles as a '''Lover''' to Twilight Sparkle.
** Vegeta from ''DragonBall'' after his HeelFaceTurn.
** Java the caveman from ''WesternAnimation/MartinMystery''
** Lee Clark in ''WesternAnimation/TheAmazingSpiez!''
** Natsu Dragneel and post-HeelFaceTurn Gajeel Redfox from ''Manga/FairyTail''
** Frank Zhang from ''Literature/TheHeroesOfOlympus''
* '''Hades the Recluse:'''
** Can't think of a better example than ''[[Literature/HarryPotter Severus Snape]]''.
** Tobias from ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}''
** Fakir from ''Anime/PrincessTutu'' qualifies.
** Cloud Strife from ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII'' and Squall Leonhart from ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVIII''.
*** Kain Highwind from ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyIV'', possibly.
** [[Franchise/SonicTheHedgehog Shadow the Hedgehog]] could qualify, though he could fit some aspects of the Poseidon archetype as well.
** AlbertEinstein.
** Miles Vorkosigan from Literature/VorkosiganSaga is a combination of this and Businessman.
*** Arguably he is closer to a Hermes.
** Franchise/{{Batman}}. In addition he does have hints of '''The Businessman'''.
** Calvin in ''Fanfic/CalvinAndHobbesTheSeries'' is an unusual example - his rich imagination and eventual [[TheChessmaster manipulative]] [[GuileHero tendencies]] fits this quite well.
** Prowl from ''WesternAnimation/TransformersAnimated''
** Riku from ''Franchise/KingdomHearts''
** Sorin Markov from ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering''
** Nico di Angelo from ''Literature/PercyJacksonAndTheOlympians''
** Wheeljack from ''WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime''
** Wade Load from ''WesternAnimation/KimPossible''
** Mystogan from ''Manga/FairyTail''
** Sunil Nevla from ''WesternAnimation/LittlestPetShop''
* '''Hermes the Fool:'''
** Barney from Series/HowIMetYourMother is a good example, although imprisonment would probably be more of a minor inconvenience rather than death.
** SonicTheHedgehog is another good example as well as another SEGA character, NiGHTS.
** The Doctor from ''Series/DoctorWho''
** The IrresponsibleCaptainTylor
** Nathan Drake from ''VideoGame/{{Uncharted}}''
** Socrates of ''Fanfic/CalvinAndHobbesTheSeries'' fits this, though he's more willing to [[ThePrankster prank]] others than most (though he has his limits).
** Leo Valdez from ''Literature/TheHeroesOfOlympus''. He does have a bit of '''The Recluse''' in him as well.
** Ron Weasley from ''Literature/HarryPotter'', although he also has a bit of '''The Protector''' in him.
** Johnny Storm of the ''FantasticFour''
** Captain Jack Sparrow from ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean''
** Shaggy Rogers from ''Franchise/ScoobyDoo''
** Ron Stoppable from ''WesternAnimation/KimPossible''
** MartinMystery
** Tony Clark of ''WesternAnimation/TheAmazingSpiez!''
** Happy and Gildarts Clive from ''Manga/FairyTail''
** Willy Wonka of ''Literature/CharlieAndTheChocolateFactory''. In [[Film/CharlieAndTheChocolateFactory the 2005 film]], he has a bit of '''The Warlock''' in him as well (having lousy people skills). In the [[Theatre/CharlieAndTheChocolateFactory 2013 stage musical]], HiddenDepths reveal '''The Artist''' within the trickster.
* '''Dionysus the Woman's Man:'''
** Casanova was said to be this way - not using women for his own needs at the expense of theirs, but rather caring for them as individuals and helping them to achieve a greater sense of self-worth. Unfortunately, Casanova got stuck with such a Don Juan reputation that we even use his name for TheCasanova trope.
** Tamaki Suoh from OuranHighSchoolHostClub
** Brock from Anime/{{Pokemon}}
** Ivan Vorpatril in Literature/VorkosiganSaga. He also is a Best Friend to Miles.
** Depending on one's viewpoint, Edward of Literature/{{Twilight}} is this or '''The Abuser'''.
** Mamoru Chiba from ''Franchise/SailorMoon'', with a little bit of '''The Protector''' on the side.
** Loke/[[spoiler: Leo, the celestial spirit]] from ''Manga/FairyTail''
** Issei Hyodo from ''LightNovel/HighSchoolDXD''
* '''Osiris the Male Messiah:'''
** {{Jesus}}, obviously.
** MahatmaGandhi
** [[{{Transformers}} Optimus Prime]]; depending on the continuity, he is sometimes mixed with '''The Businessman''' (''WesternAnimation/TransformersAnimated'') or '''The King''' (''WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime'')
** [[Franchise/TheLegendOfZelda Link]]
** [[Franchise/StarWars Obi-Wan Kenobi and Luke Skywalker]]
** Literature/HarryPotter
** Manga/{{Naruto}}
** Ashitaka of the Miyazaki classic ''Anime/PrincessMononoke''
** Aragorn from ''Literature/LordOfTheRings''
** Sora from ''Franchise/KingdomHearts''
** [[Series/{{Heroes}} Hiro Nakamura]]
** Kimba from ''Manga/KimbaTheWhiteLion''
** {{Superman}}
** [[Franchise/MassEffect Commander Shepard]]
** Urza from ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' is technically this since he's a BigGood, but his KnightTemplar and [[TheSocialDarwinist Social Darwinist]] tendencies makes him a textbook example of the villain version.
** ComicBook/CaptainAmerica
** ScoobyDoo
** Taiki Kudo and Shoutmon from ''Anime/DigimonXrosWars''.
** Jellal Fernandes from ''Manga/FairyTail'', as of the Grand Magic Games, he formed the Crime Sorcière to eliminate all dark guilds.
* '''Poseidon the Artist:'''
** Creator/VincentVanGogh
** Calvin of ''Fanfic/CalvinAndHobbesTheSeries'' also fits this.
** Jak from ''JakAndDaxter'', especially in the sequels
** Percy Jackson from ''Literature/PercyJacksonAndTheOlympians''
** Sam Winchester from ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'', at least in the first few seasons
** ComicBook/SpiderMan
** DonaldDuck
** Remy from ''WesternAnimation/{{Ratatouille}}''
** Takato Matsuda from ''DigimonTamers''
** Vinnie Terrio from ''WesternAnimation/LittlestPetShop''
* '''Zeus the King:'''
** Lelouch from Anime/CodeGeass
** Bowser from SuperMarioBros, when he's not being portrayed as the epitome of evil
** Dr. Robotnik from ''SonicTheHedgehog'' when he's not being portrayed as overly evil
** Nathan Petrelli from ''Series/{{Heroes}}''
** Picard from ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration''
** Aral Vorkosigan in Literature/VorkosiganSaga.
** Jason Grace from ''Literature/TheHeroesOfOlympus''
** Makarov Dreyar from ''Manga/FairyTail'', with shades of the Osiris

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Villain Examples ]]

* '''Apollo the Traitor:'''
** David from ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}''
** Gyunei Guss, BastardUnderstudy of Char Aznable in ''CharsCounterattack''
** Luke from ''Literature/PercyJacksonAndTheOlympians''
** Mewtwo from {{Pokemon}} has an underlying resentment towards humans, but DependingOnTheWriter he is mixed with either '''The Gladiator''' (in the games) or '''The Punisher''' (in the movies).
** {{Satan}}
** Starscream from {{Transformers}}. Namer of TheStarscream.
** Dr. Wily from ''VideoGame/MegaMan''
*** Sigma from ''VideoGame/MegamanX'' also counts.
** Ral Zarek from ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering''
* '''Ares the Gladiator:'''
** Bass from the ''VideoGame/MegaMan'' series
** Ozai from WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender is a good example, [[spoiler: which is why having his firebending taken away was such a delicious punishment.]]
** Quickstrike and Rampage from ''WesternAnimation/BeastWars''
** Karn the Betrayer from ''{{Warhammer 40000}}''
** Gaara from ''Manga/{{Naruto}}''; after his HeelFaceTurn he became '''The King'''.
** Tai Lung from ''WesternAnimation/{{Kung Fu Panda}}''.
** Pre-HeelFaceTurn Gajeel Redfox from ''Manga/FairyTail''
** Garruk from ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' started out as a NotGoodWithPeople version of the '''Protector''', but after [[ThisIsYourBrainOnEvil falling to the curse of the Chained Veil]], [[HuntingTheMostDangerousGame he hunts for planeswalkers for sport]].
* '''Hades the Warlock:'''
** The [[NoNameGiven unnamed Yeerk]] that infests Tom throughout most of ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}''
** Ganondorf in ''Franchise/TheLegendOfZelda'' series
** Mephiles of the ''SonicTheHedgehog'' series
*** Shadow was this during [[VideoGame/SonicAdventure2 his debut]].
** The Raven from ''Anime/PrincessTutu''
** Sephiroth from ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII''
** Zio from ''VideoGame/PhantasyStarIV''
** Hannibal Lector from ''Literature/TheSilenceOfTheLambs''
* '''Hermes the Derelict:'''
** Fang the Sniper of ''SonicTheHedgehog''
** Discord from ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' before his HeelFaceTurn. Afterwards he became a '''Joker''' to the heroines.
** Obadiah Stane from ''IronMan''
** Andrew Ryan from ''VideoGame/BioShock1'' doubles as '''The Dictator'''.
** SelfDemonstrating/LexLuthor from ''{{Superman}}''
** Tezzeret from ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering''
** Walter White from ''Series/BreakingBad'' has elements of the Zeus the Dictator, but is primarily this.
** Arsene Lupin the Third, from ''Franchise/LupinIII'': A criminal because he cannot belong to the daily tedium. His need for freedom, risk, and women consumes his attention.
** Alexander from ''VideoGame/AmnesiaTheDarkDescent''
* '''Dionysus the Seducer:'''
** Akio from ''RevolutionaryGirlUtena''
** Ambassador Laquatus from ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' was stated to be this by WordOfGod
** Charlie Harper from TwoAndAHalfMen.
** Possibly Mytho when he's influenced by the Raven's blood in ''Anime/PrincessTutu''
** Sylar from ''Series/{{Heroes}}'', as seen by his treatment of Maya and Elle
** Jareth in ''{{Labyrinth}}'' is a combination of this and '''The Dictator'''.
** Gaston in ''Disney/BeautyAndTheBeast'' doubles as '''The Gladiator'''.
** Bacchus Groh (whose ''name'' even corresponds with Dionysus) from ''Manga/FairyTail'', who isn't really a villain, but in the [[TournamentArc Grand Magic Games]], he does [[spoiler: steal Cana's top]] after beating her in a drinking competition, and wager with [[spoiler: Elfman]] that if he should beat him, he gets to spend a night with [[spoiler: Elfman's sisters]].
* '''Osiris the Punisher:'''
** Adam Monroe from ''Series/{{Heroes}}''
** [[Franchise/StarWars Darth Vader]]
** Light Yagami from ''Manga/DeathNote''
** SelfDemonstrating/{{Magneto}} is a HeelFaceRevolvingDoor example with hints of '''The Warlock'''.
** Paptimus Scirocco of ''Anime/MobileSuitZetaGundam''
** SweeneyTodd
** Yawgmoth from ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering''
** Laxus Dreyar from ''Manga/FairyTail'', during the Fantasia Arc
* '''Poseidon the Abuser:'''
** Tarantulas from ''WesternAnimation/BeastWars''
** Taylor from ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}''
** Davy Jones from ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean''
** Lord Shen from ''WesternAnimation/KungFuPanda2''
** SelfDemonstrating/TheJoker
** Amon from ''WesternAnimation/TheLegendOfKorra''
** Xenagos from ''TableTopeGame/MagicTheGathering''
** Lord Tirek from ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic''
* '''Zeus the Dictator:'''
** Dr. Robotnik of ''WesternAnimation/SonicSATAM''
** King Sombra from ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic''
** Megatron from ''Franchise/{{Transformers}}''; depending on the continuity he is sometimes mixed with either '''The Punisher''' (''WesternAnimation/TransformersAnimated'') or '''The Gladiator''' (''WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime'')
** SuperMarioBros: Bowser, King of the Koopas.
** Samuel Sullivan, the villain in the final season of ''Series/{{Heroes}}''
** Visser Three, the BigBad of ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}''
** Nicol Bolas from ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering''
** SelfDemonstrating/DoctorDoom
** {{Darkseid}}
----
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comparing the Gender Roles ]]


You can find this section on the MasterCharacterHeroines page.
----
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Greater Detail ]]


I'll put in this section later.
----
Here list examples of stories or series that play one type off another, so we can see how they interact:

''PrincessMononoke''
* Ashitaka is a fine example of the Messiah archetype. He ends up changing the lives of many characters in the story, most importantly the life of his LoveInterest San. Through their interactions, she is changed from a Gorgon into an Amazon (see the Master Heroines article for more information on these two archetypes).

''SonicTheHedgehog''
* Shadow the Hedgehog's (a Recluse) encounter with Amy Rose (a Maiden) in ''VideoGame/SonicAdventure2'' completely changes his mind about the worth of humanity and reminds him of the true promise he made with his friend Maria (another archetypal Maiden).
* While he is most definitely a Hermes, Sonic also has a bit of the Messiah archetype within him. While he does not necessarily develop, everyone he meets is forever affected by interaction with him. Notable examples are Tails and Amy Rose, both whom develop into heroes in their own right after being influenced by the blue blur.

----