[[GambitPileup When different agendas come into conflict,]] it's a ForegoneConclusion in most cases that one and only one will emerge triumphant. When this happens, the expected result is that it's one of the major [[TheChessmaster chessmasters]] who comes out on top (especially [[ManipulativeBastard one who turns out to have been playing all the other players to their own ends]]), but it's just as likely that the final winner is a minor player, a SpannerInTheWorks who unknowingly sabotages the efforts of the would-be masterminds, or even [[ActionSurvivor someone who's simply lucky enough to be alive when the dust finally settles]].

In many cases, the LastPlanStanding is [[NonIndicativeName nothing of the sort]] - the winner is simply someone who [[GoldenSnitch happened to be in the right place in the right time and seized victory]] while all the other players had their attention elsewhere.
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!!Examples:

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[[folder: Film ]]

* Happens in every ''Franchise/PiratesOfTheCaribbean'' movie to date, but especially ''Dead Man's Chest'', with [[spoiler: Norrington]] emerging as the surprise victor.

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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* On Series/{{Lost}}, when the dust finally settles after all the years of scheming and back stabbing between Jack, Locke, Ben, Widmore, Jacob, and the Smoke Monster, it is kind-hearted Hurley who comes to rule the island.

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[[folder: Literature ]]

* Simon at the end of Tad Williams' ''MemorySorrowAndThorn'' trilogy is at least a partial example.

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[[folder: Theatre ]]

* Fortinbras in ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'' is established as seeking revenge on Denmark for past grievances. He ends up having the crown fall into his lap because all the legitimate claimants have killed each other.

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[[folder: Video Games ]]

* [[EvilHand Liquid Snake]] at the end of ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid2''. His only real involvement with the plan was getting Solid Snake involved so that he was able to be released. However, the enormous circle of backstabbing between Dead Cell, Solidus, Olga and Ocelot cancelled them out to the point he was able to abscond with RAY. [[spoiler: On a bigger scale, the Patriots managed to get ''exactly'' what they wanted out of the situation, successfully testing both their mind control system ''and'' eliminating one of their major enemies.]] And in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid4'', [[spoiler: ''Big Boss'' returns from the dead to effectively reveal ''himself'' as the LastPlanStanding for the entire series - the entire events of [=MGS2=] ''and'' [=MGS4=] were engineered to free the world from the grip of the Patriots.]]
* By the end of ''LegacyOfKain: Defiance'', Raziel finally stops being manipulated by everyone, and [[spoiler:lets himself be absorbed by the Reaver, so that Kain can use the Reaver to defeat the Elder God]].
* In Creator/AdamCadre's ''VideoGame/{{Varicella}}'', the VillainProtagonist is tasked with manipulating a complex web of court intrigue so that he becomes the last and only choice for Regent. [[spoiler: It backfires spectacularly when the young prince, who has become evil [[FreudianExcuse as a result of his upbringing]], ascends the throne, eliminates the last obstacles in his path - including Varicella himself! - and declares war on everybody.]]
* In ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyTactics'', [[spoiler: Delita marries Princess Ovelia and is crowned King Delita.]] However, this example is actually subverted. [[spoiler: Delita is stabbed by Ovelia, and stabs her in return. Even if he does survive, he has lost everything that he was fighting for in his quest for power, and hundreds of years later, the revelation of the Durai Papers vindicates Ramza as the real hero of the game of the war]]

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[[folder: Real Life ]]

* Arabia and the Middle East were fought over by the Ottoman Empire, Germany, Britain and France, who were aided by the Rashidis (allied with the Ottomans), the Hashemites (allied with Britain), and the Saudis (led by UsefulNotes/AbdulAzizIbnSaud), along with others such as the Bedouins and the Ikhwan. As the region (plus a good deal more of the area) is now known as ''Saudi'' Arabia, it's clear who won. The Hashemites came in second, holding much of Mesopotamia and remaining in power in Jordan today. Most of the rest of the regional powers were devastated and replaced by entirely new states.
* Also happened in 1917-1921 Russia, where Czarists, Liberals, Anarchists, several Western Powers, Poles, and even a Czech Legion (prisoners liberated from Siberia) intermingled. Who would have bet on the tiny Bolshevik faction back in 1917?
* The United States ''might'' have been this after the GambitPileup that was UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, as all the ''other'' major powers were devastated by war and falling apart. Instead, they went back to isolationism.
* [[TheHouseOfTudor Henry VII of England]] was this, both in RealLife and in Creator/WilliamShakespeare's play ''Theatre/RichardIII''.
** Actually he doesn't come across as this in the play, which does a HistoricalHeroUpgrade on him, portraying him as the rightful King. Also many people forget that other Yorkists attempted this on him.
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