The band is real, but the singer is a more or less fictional character. Same may go for the rest of the band.

There are two categories of examples: "Real Life Music" for bands that exist in real life, and "other media" for bands that are a ShowWithinTheShow.

Just like with wrestlers, a Kayfabe singer's real identity may be an open secret. That is, not secret at all but not polite to talk about in context. The fans are likely to be outraged if the singer goes out of character during an interview.

Compare "{{Kayfabe}}" from ProfessionalWrestling. One subtrope is RobotOrSpacemanAlterEgo. Contrast AnonymousBand, where the mucicians simply hide their identities, and FakeBand, where the band itself is fictional.

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!!Examples, Real Life Music

* In'' Music/{{Blutengel}}'' the singers are vampires.
* The band ''[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9k9UveuX1Po Rolandz]]'' has developed a quite solid discography and even been on tour. It's singer, Roland, is a character from a comedy movie. The real singer is the same actor who played Roland in that movie.
* ''{{Music/Manowar}}'' consists of really manly men, fantasy heroes who are always ready to kill anyone. With STEEL, of course.
* ''{{Lordi}}'' are [[PeopleInRubberSuits monsters]]... who have sued to bury images of them out of costume.
* ''Markoolio'' play this on [[MultilayerFacade two levels]]. His first persona is this cool playboy, gangster, warrior, expert soccer strategist, and so on. However, this facade breaks all the time, especially since his own chorus are disloyal to him and frequently rat him out to the audience - exposing him as the total failure and SmallNameBigEgo that he really is. Of course, this "real person, under the mask" is just as fabricated as the first level.
* At the live {{Vocaloid}} concerts, the band is real enough, but the lead "singer" is a projected image (and not really a singer at all).
* Music/DaftPunk's persona is of a couple of robots. They say that the reason why they do this is because takes focus off of them as artists, and puts more focus on the music, so their live performances are more like raves where the DJ isn't all that important.
* Music/LadyGaga went to her little sister's graduation in [[ImpossiblyCoolClothes full Gaga regalia]]. She later said that she considers her entire life to be part of her 'character'.
* Members of the German band Coppelius usually play their XIX-century aristocratic personas in public.
* {{Music/Kraftwerk}} are robots, who became less human as time progressed. They even give interviews as their mechanical robot selves.
* {{GWAR}} has a long backstory about them being aliens banished to Earth, and like Lordi are never seen out of costume.
* Music/{{Devo}} has gone through a few permutations of this; it's essentially them, except with sci-fi bases, an idiot manager that doesn't understand them, a giant baby (Booji), and their...uh...leader, General Boy. They always did claim to be a corporation, which got a lot funnier in the mid-90's when they reformed as a soundtrack company. And then there's bass player Jerry Casale's side-album as Jihad Jerry, essentially Stephen Colbert as a Muslim blues musician.
* Music/TheResidents are never seen in public without their trademark eyeball masks. There's a general assumption that the four "managers" that appear with them and speak on their behalf are at least partially composed of the actual members of the band.
* Music/{{Gorillaz}}, are a BandToon in the real world, which means that their members are a group of four cartoon characters.
* {{Buckethead}} is the persona of Brian Patrick Carroll, who is so socially awkward that he invented the character to hide his face and distance himself from his audience. People who know him, however, say that his behavior "in character" is basically just him being himself.
* IndustrialMetal artist {{Music/Mortiis}}, for a long time, was never seen without his troll mask on, with it's pointed nose and big ears. In 2005 for his album ''The Grudge'' his mask took on a more artificial appearance, looking like it had been stitched and stapled to his face. After that, however, he finally removed the mask.
* Singer EmilieAutumn seems to always be in character as Emily-with-a-Y from her book to some extent.
* Stovokor is a death metal band consisting entirely of [[Franchise/StarTrek Klingons]].
* Faxed Head supposedly met as teenagers in Coalinga, California, had a BungledSuicide pact that left them [[BodyHorror deformed in various bizarre ways]], then decided to form a death metal band together. Thus they'd typically perform wearing strange masks and costumes. In reality, their lineup included Music/MrBungle guitarist Trey Spruance and [[Creator/NeilHamburger Gregg Turkington]]. They would also sometimes open for themselves as their supposed "rival" group The Bon Larvis Band, removing the masks, dressing more like a typical bar band, and playing an OverlyLongGag-laden parody of blues-rock.
* The Space Balloons claim to be lost travelers from the planet Balloonia. The concept is mainly adhered to in performances and the songs themselves, though, not interviews.
* In a 2012 interview with OprahWinfrey, Music/FiftyCent says that his onstage "thug" persona is this. His real self, Curtis Jackson, is a family man.
* {{Death|Metal}}{{grind|Core}} band Brujeria is ostensibly made up of Mexican drug lords who always perform in masks to hide their identities from the FBI. However, most of their members past and present are already well-known from other acts.
* The electro-industrial project Zombie Girl has singer Renee Cooper as the eponymous zombie, always appearing in corpse make-up and claiming to be undead in her lyrics.
* {{Horrorcore}} rapper/singer The Jokerr raps from the perspective of a medieval court jester imprisoned in a dungeon for twenty years with a red costume patterned after a joker playing card to match, he has recorded a large amount of songs unrelated to his persona though.
* ''Music/TheAquabats'' are a ska band made up of super heroes. Their mythos is expanded upon in [[Series/TheAquabatsSuperShow their TV show]].
* The County Medical Examiners are two {{Carcass}}-loving physicians joined by a much older, avant-garde physician who play DeathMetal based on what they see in their field. After years of mystery, it was implied in 2012 that the whole band was simply a side-project of musician Matt Widener (ex-Exhumed/Cretin).
* Har Mar Superstar is Harold Martin Tillmann, the [[IntercourseWithYou frequently sex-obsessed]] soul-singer twin brother of indie pop singer-songwriter Sean Tillmann (aka Sean Na Na). Of course, Har Mar ''is'' Sean Tillmann, the stage name really stems from a shopping center in Minnesota called the Har Mar Mall, and he really only kept up the twin charade for a short period of his career. Tillmann continues to put out solo albums as both Sean Na Na and Har Mar Superstar, and he still takes on a somewhat more flamboyant persona when performing as the latter.
* Masked Intruder are four ski-mask-clad criminals who formed a pop-punk band while in jail together, only differentiated from each other by the color of their masks. Lead vocalist Intruder Blue apparently got in trouble with the law due to his StalkerWithACrush tendencies, so a lot of their material consists of {{obsession song}}s being played for humor.
* Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders From Mars, Music/DavidBowie and his backing band's alien personas during the 1972 tour for the ''Ziggy Stardust'' album.
* Music/AbneyPark is a group of SteamPunk {{Sky Pirate}}s.
* Music/UnknownHinson is just the onstage persona of Stuart D. Baker, but is presented as if he's a real individual.
* The members Music/SteamPoweredGiraffe perform as a group of automatons built in the Victorian era, complete with elaborate metallic stage makeup. Even their merch sellers have their own personas in the form of "Blue Matter Engineers," which they dress up as for shows.
* The Japanese metal band Music/SeikimaII performs as a group of Akuma (demons) from the futuristic hyper-evolved dimension Makai that preach a demonic religion and aim to take over the world through their music. They were destined to disband at the end of the century (''seikimatsu'', another way to say the band's name, means "century's end", as any ''Manga/FistOfTheNorthStar'' fan knows), but they've reunited several times since, once in response to the Touhoku earthquake and tsunami disaster.
* Music/AliceCooper was originally the name of the band as a whole, but frontman Vincent Damon Furnier eventually turned it into a fictional, psychopathic character. Behind the scenes, Furnier is, at least in modern times, mild, straight-laced and conservative.
!!Examples, other media:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* In ''{{Pondus}}'', Pondus believes that a certain rock band truly lives the creed of "Drugs, Sex & Rock'n'Roll". In one strip, the band is shown working out and eating healthy food. Suddenly their manager come in and yell at them that the journalists will be there any minute. And thus, they quickly trash themselves down to look as if they have been partying and boozing up all night. Then the scene switches to Pondus and his wife watching the television. A journalist is (or probably rather is pretending to be) surprised that the band members manage to stay healthy with this lifestyle. The singer explains this with "It's rock'n'roll", baby. It becomes a lifestyle." and Pondus tries to get his wife to accept this message as gospel.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* In ''Film/TropicThunder'', Alpa Chino is a rapper [[spoiler: who is overly heterosexual in his music and videos, but is secretly gay.]]

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Series/LawAndOrderSVU'' used this twice. Two big scary musicians, suspected of horrible crimes.
** One is a black "gangster" rapper suspected of the rape/murder of a white woman. However, he he is actually quite naive and has no experience in real crime, his gangster persona being nothing more than a keyfabe persona. [[spoiler:The woman was one of his friends, and he ends up getting killed by a ''real'' gangster (who just happens to be white) as he's trying to help the detectives catch the real villain.]]
** The other is a "vampire" who is afraid of getting HIV from real blood.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* Lead-singer Jem from WesternAnimation/JemAndTheHolograms (is a holographic projection protecting the identity of Jerrica, the company owner).
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Arthur}}'', the band ''Binky'' is made of up {{Hologram}} musicians and synthesized sounds. Apparently an open secret, as the episode on the band has them materialize from nowhere during a live performance.

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