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[[quoteright:325:[[Franchise/{{Tarzan}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/0124_tarzan.png]]]]

This is a speculative tale that takes place in undiscovered or semidiscovered country in the present or "recent" (usually no earlier than the early 20th century) past supposedly on this Earth. As opposed to say a HighFantasy in a [[MedievalEuropeanFantasy Medieval setting]], or a SpaceOpera in a far future-like setting. As the title indicates it often takes place in a tropical rain forest though that is not necessary. The key point is that WillingSuspensionOfDisbelief is provided primarily by the use of settings that are regarded as exotic, mysterious, dangerous and above all, far away by most readers, yet still on this world; rather then providing a whole imaginary world "in a galaxy far away". A typical setting for instance, might be TheAmazon, DarkestAfrica, or TheShangriLa. There are occasional similarities with the SpaceOpera, the two genres can each borrow tropes normally associated with each other and there is potential for crossovers (aliens can for instance kidnap the intrepid explorers, or perhaps a Space Opera can have a story take place on a jungle planet). However some elements of a Jungle Opera can be less flexible than other speculative sub-genres by the nature of operating in "closer proximity" (so to speak) to RealLife.

Jungle Operas tend to feature [[BoldExplorer Bold Explorers]], [[HollywoodNatives primitive locals]], {{Precursors}}, [[LostColony Lost Colonies]], [[MacGuffin Ancient Artifacts]], and the like; [[TempleOfDoom ruins-filled-with-deathtraps]] is one of TheOldestOnesInTheBook. This will also likely involve AncientAstronauts and have an AdventurerArchaeologist as one or more of the characters. Oddly enough the experiences of RealLife explorers did sometimes have a suspicious resemblance to this genre. We don't ''think'' that any secrets man was not meant to know have been discovered -- not that anyone would admit it if there have been some. Maybe [[TheWorldIsNotReady the world was not yet ready]]?

Often involves a LostWorld. In some versions the story is about a quest to find this, and a Lost World is a {{MacGuffin Location}}.


[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* Franchise/{{Tintin}} had this every once in a while (''Tintin in the Congo'', ''Cigars of the Pharoah'', ''Prisoners of the Sun'') but ''Flight 714'' has this with a twist: [[spoiler:AncientAstronauts]].
* ''ComicBook/{{Marsupilami}}'': The Marsupilami lives in the jungles of [[BananaRepublic Palombia]] and the comics often feature the native indian tribe, a GreatWhiteHunter, and foreign documentary filmmakers and industrial investors entering its wild world.
* And in the same way, several volumes of ''ComicBook/SpirouAndFantasio'', who are some of the mentioned documentary filmmakers who are the first to prove the marsupilamis' existence and take one back to France as their pet.
* Many a [[ComicBook/DisneyDucksComicUniverse Scrooge McDuck]] story.
* The beginning of ''IronMan Noir'' features this.
* ''ComicBook/SheenaQueenOfTheJungle''
* Any ''MarvelUniverse'' comic that takes place in the Savage Land, home to Ka-Zar.


[[folder: Film ]]

* ''Franchise/IndianaJones'' is the example everyone remembers.
* ''Film/TheLibrarian'' is a satirical version.
* Parts of ''Film/GungaDin'', what with the lost temple and all.
* ''Film/TheMummyTrilogy''
* ''Secret of the Incas'', which was a major inspiration for the adventures of [[Franchise/IndianaJones Dr. Jones]].
* ''Film/{{Avatar}}'' is this [[RecycledInSpace in space]]
* The [[ShowWithinAShow book within the film]] ''Film/TheFountain'' is about a Spanish soldier sent to South America to find a hidden temple with the Tree of Life.
* ''Film/CarryOnUpTheJungle'' is a parody of this, with the exploring party having different reasons of being on the trip, such as searching for missing people, and looking for exotic birds


[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''Literature/KingSolomonsMines'' by Creator/HRiderHaggard is the UrExample.
* [[Creator/ArthurConanDoyle Sir Arthur Conan Doyle]]'s ''Literature/TheLostWorld1912'' probably counts. The heroes end up on a lost plateau in the South American jungle with dinosaurs, ape-men, diamonds and EverythingTryingToKillYou.
* ''Literature/{{Tarzan}}''
* The Jack West series by Creator/MatthewReilly.
* ''The Serpent'', the first novel in Jane Gaskell's ''Literature/{{Atlan}}'' series, takes place in a prehistoric civilization in ancient South America and contains such elements as giant carnivorous birds and a reptile-man villain. The rest of the saga is in the vein of a LostWorld but is still rife with jungle hijinks, particularly in ''The City'', in which the heroine returns to her former home.
* ''Literature/OGuarani'' by Creator/JoséDeAlencar
* ''Franchise/DocSavage''
* ''Film/{{Congo}}'' by Creator/MichaelCrichton is a rare modernized version of this trope.
* Parodied in ''Discworld/{{Eric}}'', which says that the rainforests of the Literature/{{Discworld}}'s Africa-counterpart are so full of {{Lost World}}s, [[LostColony Lost Colonies]], [[TempleOfDoom Temples of Doom]], and so on that there's barely room for the trees.


[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Series/TalesOfTheGoldMonkey.''
* ''Series/BringEmBackAlive''
* ''Series/{{Lost}}'' is [[GenreRoulette primarily]] this genre, with the Island being an archetypical LostWorld.
* ''Series/RelicHunter''
* ''Series/SirArthurConanDoylesTheLostWorld''


[[folder: Newspaper Comics ]]

* ''ComicStrip/JungleJim''


[[folder: Pinball ]]

* ''Pinball/{{Congo}}'' is about an expedition into a jungle that uncovers a lost city and a diamond mine.


[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* ''TabletopGame/{{Gurps}}'' volume ''Cliffhangers'' has a lot about this kind of story and how to draw a typical plot of this kind.
* ''TabletopGame/SpiritOfTheCentury'' frequently visits this territory.
* The historical wargame ''The Sword and the Flame'' has a DarkestAfrica variant where this applies in spades -- literally, as turning a card tells you whether one of your units has just met Livingstone, been attacked by a lion, or heard drums that cause you to lose a turn in fear.
* The "gimmick" board games ''TabletopGame/FireballIsland'' and ''TabletopGame/ForbiddenBridge'', and many others, are all about this trope.
* The board game ''Spirit Island'' involves European colonial powers discovering and trying to take over a newly discovered tropical island. However, you play as ''the island'' in this game.
* It's not uncommon for roleplaying games to deliberately aim at this trope while avoiding the UnfortunateImplications by virtue of taking place in another world that's ''exactly like'' a Jungle Opera.
** The theme of Venus in ''TabletopGame/RocketAge'', though Ganymede could also qualify.
** The genre is evoked by the classic ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'' adventure ''Isle of Dread'' and the less-classic ''Isle of the Ape''.
** The ''TabletopGame/{{Pathfinder}}'' adventure path ''Serpent's Skull'' (exploring ancient temples in the jungle) wallows in the tropes of JungleOpera [[spoiler:(though the AncientAstronauts are replaced by earthbound reptilian {{Precursors}}).]]


[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VideoGame/{{Uncharted}}'', particularly in ''[[VideoGame/Uncharted2AmongThieves Among Thieves]]'', [[spoiler: it even has TheShangriLa!]].
* ''Franchise/TombRaider.'' Travel to exotic locations, explore ancient ruins, fight [[LostWorld dinosaurs]] for some reason.
* The central theme of the arcade game ''VideoGame/JungleHunt''. Explore a jungle, swim a pirahna-infested river, resolve [[CannibalTribe differences in culinary preferences]].
* One of the most popular genres for early [[TextAdventure interactive fiction]], with examples like ''Kukulcan'', ''Savage Island'', and ''Island Adventure,'' it mostly fell out of favor by the late 1980s.


[[folder: Webcomics]]
* ''Webcomic/KazasMateGwenna'' takes place in a jungle opera setting. They deal with many of the things listed on this page and make an occasional foray out of the jungle too.

[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* ''WesternAnimation/TheRoadToElDorado''. Two con men find a fabulously wealthy Central American city and try to save it from conquistadors.
* ''WesternAnimation/DuckTales'', as part of Scrooge McDuck's frequent globetrotting treasure hunts.
* ''WesternAnimation/TaleSpin'' also had its share of mock archeological expeditions used as an excuse for treasure-hunting.
* ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' has the [[ShowWithinAShow in-universe book series]] "JustForFun/DaringDo", which is heavily based on ''Franchise/IndianaJones''.