[[quoteright:350:[[LuckyStar http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/luckystar-jk_5860.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:And there are [[FourGirlEnsemble four of them]] to boot.]]

->'''Tomo''': Question! Mr. Kimura, why did you decide to become a high school teacher?\\
'''Mr. Kimura''': [[EstablishingCharacterMoment 'CUZ I LIKE HIGH SCHOOL GIRLS, THAT'S WHY]]!
-->-- ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh''

Literally "a female high school student", but the term is invariably used to refer specifically to cute high school girls wearing SailorFuku, or sailor suit-styled uniforms. Many Japanese men refer to them under the nickname "JK" or "JC". Note that the term may be used interchangeably with 'seifuku', which means any general "school uniform", but is often used to describe the sailor outfits in particular. Although ''[[GratuitousEnglish seeraa]]fuku'' are not as common now in Japan as they once were, the vast majority of anime girls still wear them.

That Japanese has such a compact, productive phrase for this image implies that it's an important archetype in the Japanese psyche, and this is borne out by how often sailor-suited school girls still appear in both manga and anime.

See also SchoolSwimsuit, for when the girls wear something that shows a little more skin.

This is mainly a Japanese cultural trope but is found prominently in anime. The Western equivalent is CatholicSchoolGirlsRule. However, given that many Japanese high schools have abandoned the sailor uniform, which nowadays is a characteristic indicator of ''middle school'' girls, more professional-esque styles of uniform have become a popular replacement - popular not just among schools but also among viewers - so the two are beginning to merge. Joshikousei are very prominent in anime/manga, to the point where the far majority of female characters will be either be high school girls or at the very least be in the same age group (should high school not exist or should their occupation prevent them from going to school). In fact, one of the main reasons why most male protagonists are {{ordinary highschool student}}s is so they can be surrounded by high school girls.
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!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'', though the girls here wear modest-length skirts and full-coverage tops.
* ''Manga/{{Bleach}}'' has Karin and Yuzu wear these after the TimeSkip.
** Lisa Yadomaru wears one, but it's tight enough for her to BareYourMidriff.
* ''Manga/HidamariSketch''
* ''Anime/MazingerZ'': Sayaka Yumi in the GoNagai manga (in the anime she didn't go to school due to her work at the Institute, thus she didn't wear any uniform). Ironically, given that she was created by [[GoNagai the man who introduced]] FanService in manga, she wears a modest-length skirt.
** In ''ShinMazingerZero'' she wore her sailor fuku constantly since her first appearance.
** In ''MazinKaiser'', Sayaka wore a Western-styled uniform instead.
* ''{{Sketchbook}}''
* ''Manga/KOn''
* A {{Joshikousei}} series aptly named ''HighSchoolGirls'' (its Japanese name [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin was literally ''Joshikousei'']]) is about to be released in North America, based on the long-running ''manga'' series of the same name.
* Each ''Manga/TokyoMewMew'' girl attends a different school; Ichigo and Retasu both wear seifuku. In the [[FanonDisContinuity largely discredited]] sequel, all five originals and the new character attend the same school, chosen for its "cute uniforms".
* ''MagicKnightRayearth'', like ''Franchise/SailorMoon'', bases the girls' armour off of school uniforms.
* ''Manga/LuckyStar''.
** One of Hiyori's {{Image Song}}s is called "Default Joshikousei Nyan". ...[[CuteKitten Nyan]]?
** The title of the ''Manga/LuckyStar'' OVA is "[=JK=]".
* For ''{{Amanchu}}'', Kozue Amano designed some very pretty school uniforms, with hints to the outfits worn by the undines in her other main work, ''{{Manga/ARIA}}''. The frilly petticoats really set them apart, although they might be a bit warm in summer. And they may also not be the best fit for more chubby students.
* In Gakuen Hetalia, ''Webcomic/AxisPowersHetalia'''s take on a HighSchoolAU, Seychelles and Hungary appear in Western-style uniforms. Belarus and Ukraine appear in concept art, and Taiwan appears in [[http://hetalia.wikia.com/wiki/File:Asiaclass_girluni.JPG this]] in the concept art, compared to the more Western uniforms the other girls have been seen wearing. In the regular canon, Norway and Sealand also sport Danshigakusei uniforms.
* ''Anime/RevolutionaryGirlUtena'' has the "ridiculously short skirt" version.
** Completely averted by the [[CharacterTitle title character]] for all but one episode. She wears ''short shorts''. [[ShesGotLegs Everyone's got legs]] in this series.
* Konoe Tsurugi and Yashima Sanae in ''Anime/HanaukyoMaidTai La Verite'' episode 8.
* In ''Manga/FruitsBasket'', Shigure is so tickled about visiting Tohru's school because he knows how the girls will react to him, he sings a little {{Joshikousei}} song.
* ''AChannel''
* Mato and Yomi's uniform in the ''Anime/BlackRockShooter'' OVA.
* The SSS uniform in ''Anime/AngelBeats''. Note that it is not the same as the one the NPC's wear.
* ''Manga/HighSchoolOfTheDead''. Granted, they do rip up and alter their uniform so they'll be more versatile, and later change out. And considering the zombie apocalypse is taking up their time, I doubt they'll be going to school anymore.
* In ''Manga/SoulEater'', the girls' [[spoiler: Spartoi]] uniforms usually are in the sailor style.
** Kim and Jackie's original uniform also slightly resembles a seifuku, having the collar and tie.
* In ZombieLoan, this is somewhat averted. The uniform only has the collar. The rest doesn't really resemble seifuku.
* The girls' uniform at Butei high in ''LightNovel/AriaTheScarletAmmo''.
* The girls of ''Anime/HanasakuIroha'' have to wear a blue-and-white seifuku to school.
** Ohana's school in Tokyo has a thicker navy-colored seifuku.
* The standard uniform in ''LightNovel/HaruhiSuzumiya''.
* Haruhi Fujioka's (from ''Manga/OuranHighSchoolHostClub'') old uniform from middle school was a dark-colored seifuku.
* ''Anime/TheIdolmaster'' - Several of the idols are High Schoolers, tough their schools don't appear much.
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion''
* The protagonist of ''Manga/WanderingSon'' brought one when he was in sixth grade. Later on in the manga, several side-characters begin going to a high school that uses SailorFuku.
* ''Manga/{{Saikano}}''
* ''GreatTeacherOnizuka''
* The high school uniforms in ''{{Anime/Mai-HiME}}'' just have the short skirt part; the middle school uniforms are the classic white-with-blue-trim ''seeraa'' style. Nao spices hers up with ZettaiRyouiki.
* Ami Nekota and Nanami Momozono from ''Manga/KamisamaKiss'' have this as their school uniform.
* As has been mentioned ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' has the famous Sailor Senshi uniforms based on middle and high school Sailor Fuku. As well as these the girls have their actual school uniforms, from main characters alone we see the uniforms of at least 6 schools across the series [[note]]Juuban Municipal Junior High School (Usagi and Ami's uniform), Makoto Kino's [[TransferStudentUniforms previous school's uniform]], TA Academy for Girls (Rei's private school), Shiba Koen Junior High School (Minako's), Mugen Academy (Hotaru, Michiru and Haruka - as well as the Witches 5), Juuban Municipal High School (everyone but Rei ends up at this High School in the final season)[[/note]]. Chibiusa also wears one to attend Juuban Municipal Primary School but it's not a uniform it's just what she chooses to wear.
* Of eight continuities, only three ''Franchise/PrettyCure'' series feature female characters wearing Sailor Fuku - ''Anime/FutariWaPrettyCureSplashStar'', ''Anime/HeartcatchPrettyCure'' and ''Anime/DokiDokiPrettyCure''. Of course, technicalities run rampant here - for instance, ''Heartcatch'''s Sailor Fuku is only for the middle schoolers ''and'' during the winter season (during the summer, it's a skirt/blouse combo) and the high schoolers wear more of a Western uniform (it helps that they both go to the same school) And let's not get into [[WholesomeCrossdresser Itsuki]].
* While for the most part they evade this, continuities where a female member of the ''Anime/TenchiMuyo'' cast goes to school, they end up wearing one of these. Interestingly, what ''type'' of uniform differs - the uniforms worn in the first movie, ''Tenchi Muyo in Love'', were black and white and very modest, yet whenever we see Sasami go to school, it's the usual red, white and blue and short skirted.
* ''Manga/{{InuYasha}}'': Kagome is [[SchoolUniformsAreTheNewBlack rarely seen outside of her school uniform]]; in this case, hers is green and white with a full-coverage top and a miniskirt.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film]]
* Gogo, O-Ren Ishii's henchwoman in ''Film/KillBill''.

[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/KamenRiderAgito'': Kazaya Mana is a less straight example, since she doesn't wear the sailor suit.
** ''Series/KamenRiderDouble'': Two of Shotaro's informants, [[ThemeNaming Queen and Elizabeth]] are apparently schoolgirls. "Joshikousei" is Shotaro's nickname for Akiko, since she behaves more like a child than her actual age of 20.
** ''Series/KamenRiderOOO'': Mezuru's guise is a school girl... for about one episode. Then she changes into another outfit. One wonders why...
** Mostly avoided by ''Series/KamenRiderFourze'': all the main female characters are schoolgirls, but don't wear a sailor uniform, and their skirts aren't short. Miu initially wears a tight cheerleading uniform with a miniskirt, but leaves school halfway through the show, and from then on is only ever seen in her casual clothes.
* A rare American example: Claire, from ''Series/{{Heroes}}'', and her [[AllGuysWantCheerleaders iconic cheerleader garb]]. The second season even gave her a revamped (but less frequently seen) blue outfit.
* Referenced in ''{{Glee}}'' when Santana claims that Rachel's schoolgirl-esque outfits would turn on "a Japanese businessman with a very dark and specific fetish."
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Many DatingSim games are set in high school or, more frequently now, colleges with uniforms.
** ''VisualNovel/{{Kanon}}''
** ''VisualNovel/{{CLANNAD}}''
** ''TokimekiMemorial'' in all incarnations
* One of Sakura's custom titles from ''StreetFighter IV'' is "High School Girl" in the English version and most likely ''Joshikōsei'' in the Japanese.
* In ''TheKingOfFighters 2003'', Athena Asamiya, Hinako Shijō, and Malin form a team called "''Joshikōsei Chiimu''" (High School Girls Team). Even more so, Hinako gos the Sakura way and fights while wearing her uniform.
* In ''PsychoSoldier'', Athena used to wear a blue ''seifuku'' as her fighting uniform. She does this agasin from KOF ''XI'' on -- and it's very cynically lampshaded by Kyo Kusanagi (who used to fight in a ''gakuran''), [[HypocriticalHumor of all people]]:
-->"Uhm, is this a publicity stunt? (...) No one at your age wears school uniforms anymore!"
* Ling Xiaoyu has a school uniform as an 'optional' costume in her appearances in ''{{Tekken}}''. Often she's wearing it in her ending animations, too.
* '#ArTonelico'' has the playable [[MsFanService Reyvateils]], [[spoiler: Teen]] Misha and Aurica both have their own school uniforms outfits as the rewards for completing the diving quests.
* The main character of ''VideoGame/{{Persona 3}}'' when playing as a female, as well as all female classmates, since they attend a modern Japanese high school. They even fight in them rather than street clothes, despite all battles taking place long after school hours.
* ''{{Love Plus}}'', naturally, as with many a {{Dating Sim}} game and as a SpiritualSuccessor of the ''TokimekiMemorial'' series.
* Speaking of ''TokimekiMemorial'' 's [[SpiritualSuccessor Spiritual Successors]], one of them, ''VideoGame/MitsumeteKnight'', despite being in a medieval / fantasy setting instead of an High School one, has roughly 1/3 of its main girls cast (5 out of 16) composed of school girls, because in the country the mercenary main protagonist fights for, the military grounds he trains at are located next to the country's main Academy campus.
* VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'s Sanae Kochiya is viewed as this in the fandom. Considering that she is from the outside world that went to the place known as Gensokyo since her deities moved there.
* ''VideoGame/ShinMegamiTenseiIV'' has Hikaru, the only person skipping around in the demon-infested Tokyo at her leisure sans armor or weapons. [[spoiler:TheReveal shows why she can do so.]]
[[/folder]]

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