Jidai Geki is a genre of PeriodPiece found in JapaneseMedia.

These works are set before (or around the beginning of) the UsefulNotes/MeijiRestoration when the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shogun Shogunate]] was deposed. The time subdivisions most often found in Japanese media include the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sengoku_period Sengoku period]] (the "Warring States" era of civil war, from about 1467-1573), the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edo_period Edo period]] (after Japan was united under the Tokugawa shogunate, 1603-1868)[[note]]For the curious, the 30 years in between those two is called the Azuchi-Momoyama period; important in history, not so much in media[[/note]], and the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Late_Tokugawa_shogunate Bakumatsu/early Meiji era]].

Jidai Geki, like the American [[TheWestern Western]], can be idealized or realistic, [[SoapOpera soapy drama]] or hardass action, and feature a rich cast of [[CharactersAsDevice character tropes]]. Jidai Geki that emphasize swordplay are often referred to as ''chanbara'', especially the live-action movies, and counted on for lots of hot {{Samurai}} action ({{Ninja}}, {{Ronin}}, and {{Yakuza}} are also frequent players). Given the fact that there are plenty of Edo-era buildings in Japan still standing, and that Edo-era costumes are dime-a-dozen, [[PropRecycling that period appeals a lot to Japanese TV producers]]. Compare and contrast the sheer amount of BBC costume dramas set in the Victorian age, or the innumerable Chinese films and series set in the Qing dynasty.

Though it may seem American and European directors have been [[strike:pilfering]] borrowing these conventions -- sometimes whole ''plots'' -- for years, Jidai Geki pieces have long borrowed in equal measure from {{Western}}s and FilmNoir. Kurosawa himself was known to be a fan of director Creator/JohnFord. Creator/GeorgeLucas took some inspiration from this cross-pollination while writing ''Franchise/StarWars'' -- guess where he got the word "Jedi".

For Western depictions of Japanese history, see HollywoodMedievalJapan. See also {{Wutai}} for {{Fantasy Counterpart Culture}}s that are based upon Japan.
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Some notable historical names that have been originating from this era includes:
[[index]]
* '''Heian period'''[[note]]court nobles writing poetry, crying at the slightest pull of the heartstrings, and scheming to get into the beds of other court nobles' wives; noblewomen *also* writing poetry (or the earliest novels) and wearing GorgeousPeriodDress consisting of twelve-layered kimono; and the random peasant, such as your typical [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Tale_of_the_Bamboo_Cutter humble woodcutter]][[/note]]
** Abe no Seimei
** Minamoto no Yorimitsu
** Taira no Masakado
* '''Genpei War''':[[note]]This is a pretty peculiar setting, because while most Jidai Geki media are set in Sengoku and Tokugawa eras (with a large and influential minority being set in late Edo/early Meiji periods), when the Samurai class and its influence and customs were long established, Genpei War took place in the 12th century late-Heian era, that is, the High Middle Ages, when samurai were only a nascent community, widely derided as coarse and uncouth by the [[UpperClassTwit sophisticated court aristocrats]]. Works set in this period are usually to describe a rise to power by the samurai class and the societal change it brought.[[/note]]
** Minamoto no Yoritomo
** Minamoto no Yoshitsune
** Saito no Musashibo Benkei
** Taira no Kiyomori
** Taira no Kagekiyo
** Tomoe Gozen
* '''Sengoku period''':
** UsefulNotes/OdaNobunaga
** UsefulNotes/ToyotomiHideyoshi
** UsefulNotes/TokugawaIeyasu
** UsefulNotes/AkechiMitsuhide
** UsefulNotes/DateMasamune
** UsefulNotes/FuumaKotaro
** UsefulNotes/HattoriHanzo
** UsefulNotes/HondaTadakatsu
** UsefulNotes/IshidaMitsunari
** UsefulNotes/IshikawaGoemon
** UsefulNotes/DomJustoTakayamaUkon
** UsefulNotes/MiyamotoMusashi
** UsefulNotes/SanadaYukimura
** UsefulNotes/SasakiKojiro
** UsefulNotes/TakedaShingen
** UsefulNotes/UesugiKenshin
** UsefulNotes/YagyuJubei
* '''Edo period''':
** UsefulNotes/AmakusaShiro
** The47Ronin
* '''Bakumatsu period''':
** SaigoTakamori
** SakamotoRyoma
** SarutobiSasuke
** TheShinsengumi
[[/index]]
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!!Examples of shows taking place in this era:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Vague Period]]
[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''Anime/{{Mononoke}}'' skips around madly throughout different periods between the Sengoku and post-Meiji, none of which are particularly well-defined.
* ''Manga/ShuraNoToki'' (mostly) self-contained story arcs is set in multiple periods, except Azuki-Momoyama (yes, none of the Mutsu encountered OdaNobunaga or his contemporaries). Well, except for one arc [[TheWestern set in American frontier]].
* Made explicit in ''Anime/MillenniumActress'', which recounts the story of Chiyoko's life largely in the form of scenes inspired by her films. So the setting follows Japanese history from the Heian era all the way through to the modern world and even beyond into science fiction with callbacks to earlier eras embedded in some of the later ones. Lampshaded when a supporting character asks another "Aren't you dressed for the wrong era?" after a particularly abrupt transition.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* In universe example for ''Series/KamenRiderDouble'' has Shotaro and Akiko become fans of a JidaiGeki series, including a themed dream sequence.
** Although set in the modern day, ''Series/KamenRiderGaim'' seems to be taking influence from the genre: the {{Transformation Trinket}}s are called "Sengoku Drivers" in reference to the time period, and the Rider vs. Rider rivalries are directly compared to the time's civil wars, with one of the characters even pointing out how it's developing into a modern day Sengoku War. As the episodes go on, the [[GenreShift tone begins to shift]] and the Sengoku War feel fades away. It doesn't go into obscurity, as the main character retains this feel with his {{Super Mode}}s giving him a general motif.
* The backstories for Juzo and Daiyu in ''Series/SamuraiSentaiShinkenger''. The series as a whole uses tropes and conventions of the genre despite being set in the modern day.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''Ikki'', an early Creator/{{Sunsoft}} game set during some farmer's rebellion.
* ''VideoGame/{{Kenseiden}}'' in which Benkei shows up as a boss and the final boss is an indeterminate individual named "Yonensai".
* ''VideoGame/{{Okami}}'': Sure it's an alternate world, but the setting clearly takes inspiration from Heian and Sengoku period stories, events and characters.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Heian period (late 8th century to 12th century)]]
[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''Anime/OtogiZoshi'' (first arc)
* ''LightNovel/ShonenOnmyouji''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* ''Film/{{Onmyoji}}''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''Literature/SugawaraAkitada''
* ''Literature/TheTaleOfGenji''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VisualNovel/SixRules''
* ''Manga/HikaruNoGo: Heian Gensou Ibunroku''
* ''VideoGame/{{Kuon}}''
* ''VideoGame/OtogiMythOfDemons''
* ''VideoGame/{{Tsukumogami}}''
* In one of the missions from ''Franchise/CarmenSandiego[='s=] Great Chase Through Time'', you have to help Creator/MurasakiShikibu overcome her writer's block after the first chapter of ''Literature/TheTaleOfGenji'' is stolen by one of Carmen's thieves.

[[/folder]]

[[folder:Genpei War (1180 to 1185)]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* ''Film/SukiyakiWesternDjango'' (AlternateHistory version)

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''Heike Monogatari'' (a.k.a. ''The Tale of the Heike'')

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Series/CosmosAPersonalVoyage'' recreates the battle of Dan-no-ura to explore artificial selection based on the resemblance of the Heike crabs to the Samurai.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VideoGame/{{Genji}}''
* ''VideoGame/GenpeiToumaDen'', naturally.
* ''Lords of the Rising Sun''
* ''VideoGame/TotalWarShogun2: Rise of the Samurai DLC''
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Sengoku Period (15th to 17th centuries)]]
[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''Anime/AyakashiSamuraiHorrorTales''
* ''Anime/TheHakkenden''
* ''Manga/InuYasha''
* ''LightNovel/MirageOfBlaze''
* ''Manga/NobunagaNoChef''
* ''LightNovel/OdaNobunaNoYabou''
* ''Anime/SengokuOtome''
* ''Manga/SengokuYouko''
* ''Anime/TonoToIssho''
* ''Manga/{{Vagabond}}''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* Many Creator/AkiraKurosawa films:
** ''TheHiddenFortress''
** ''Film/{{Kagemusha}}''
** ''{{Film/Ran}}''
** ''Film/SevenSamurai''
** ''Film/ThroneOfBlood''
* ''Film/HanzoTheRazor''
* ''Anime/PrincessMononoke''
* ''Anime/SwordOfTheStranger''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''Literature/ShinobiNoKuni''
* ''[[Literature/AsianSaga Shogun]]''
* ''Literature/{{Taiko}}''
* ''Literature/TalesOfTheOtori'' is set in a fictional version of this.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* The Summer arc of ''VisualNovel/{{AIR}}''
* One of the [[GameMod mods]] that came bundled with ''VideoGame/{{Civilization}} III''[='=]s second expansion pack, ''Conquests'', is called "Sengoku: Sword of the Shogun," and is more or less ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin: A ''Daimyo'' Is You. Unite Japan and become Shogun.
* A popular GameMod for ''EuropaUniversalis III'' features a series of scripted events designed to simulate the politics of Japan in this era.
* ''VideoGame/{{Guwange}}'' is only specified as being in the late Muromachi period, but "late Muromachi period" overlaps with the Sengoku Jidai
* ''VideoGame/{{Inindo}}''
* ''VideoGame/NobunagasAmbition''
* The ''VideoGame/{{Onimusha}}'' series, which showcases several historical figures and events from the period amidst a larger storyline involving a war between two demon clans.
* ''VideoGame/SamuraiWarriors'', effectively a version of ''VideoGame/DynastyWarriors'', but set in the Sengoku era instead of ImperialChina.
* ''VideoGame/{{Sengoku}}'', a real-time-with-pause strategy game focused on the plots and intrigues of the era.
* The ''VideoGame/SengokuBasara'' series... [[AnachronismStew theoretically]], at least.
* ''SengokuRance''... also, [[PornWithPlot theoretically]], at least.
* ''[[VideoGame/TotalWar Shogun: Total War]]'' and its [[VideoGame/{{Total War Shogun 2}} sequel]].
** ''[[{{VideoGame/Total War Shogun 2}} Shogun 2]]''
* ''VideoGame/SwordOfTheSamurai''
* ''VideoGame/WayOfTheSamurai 3'', which puts it before the creation of the "Way of the Samurai" (now known as ''bushido'') in the title.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* The short Australian CGI spoof ''[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xSPy_4HYqGs Samurice]]''.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Original ]]

* The MSFHighForum has recently had a theme day, that replicates this era.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Edo Period (1603 to 1868)]]
[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''Manga/{{Amakusa 1637}}''
* ''Manga/{{Amatsuki}}''... well, the [[InsideAComputerSystem virtual setting]] at least.
* ''Manga/{{Basilisk}}''
* ''Manga/BladeOfTheImmortal''
* ''Manga/BakumatsuGijindenRoman''
* ''Manga/{{Gintama}}''... all things considered.
* ''Anime/HouseOfFiveLeaves''
* ''LightNovel/{{Katanagatari}}''
* ''KazemakaseTsukikageRan'' (''Carried by the Wind - Tsukikage Ran'')
* ''Kozure Ookami'' (''LoneWolfAndCub'')
* ''Manga/{{Mushishi}}''
* ''[[Anime/NinjaScrollTheSeries Ninja Scroll: The Series]]''
* ''Anime/OhEdoRocket''
* ''Manga/{{Ooku}}: the Inner Chambers'' is an AlternateHistory (specifically, GenderFlip) take on this era, specifically from the reign of Shogun Iemitsu to, at this point, Ieharu.
* ''RakugoTennyoOyui'' at the very tail end.
* ''Anime/SamuraiSeven''
* ''Anime/SamuraiChamploo''... mostly.
* ''Manga/SamuraiDeeperKyo''
* ''Manga/{{Shigurui}}''
* ''[[Manga/HakodateYoujinBuraichouHimegami Tokugawa Buraichou]]''
* ''Manga/{{Tsukigasa}}''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* ''Film/{{Azumi}}''
* The ''Series/KamenRiderOOO'' movie temporarily transports the main characters and a crowd of random people back to this period.
* ''Film/SamuraiReincarnation''
* ''Film/ThirteenAssassins''
* ''{{Zatoichi}}''
* ''ZenigataHeiji''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''[[Literature/AsianSaga Gai-Jin]]''
* The ''Literature/SanoIchiro'' series.
* ''[[TheRoyalDiaries Kazunomiya: Prisoner of Heaven]]''
* The ''Young Samurai'' series, which is set during at the end of the Sengoku and beginning of the Edo periods.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Abarenbou Shougun''
* ''Chou Ninja Tai Inazuma!''
* ''Kage no Gundan'' (''Shadow Warriors'')
* ''Series/KaiketsuLionMaru''
* ''Series/JukenSentaiGekiranger''. At least for two episodes.
* ''Mito Komon''
* ''Touyama no Kin-san''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Original ]]

* ''Literature/LookToTheWest'' is an alternate history story that, at one point, features Japan balkanized by the European powers after an apocalyptic civil war.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VideoGame/GanbareGoemon'', though the later games became heavily anachronistic.
* ''Kanshakudama nage Kantarō no Tokaidō Gojūsan Tsugi'', a Creator/{{Sunsoft}} game for the Famicom based on a famous series of woodblock prints from the period.
* ''Keio Flying Squadron''
* ''VideoGame/KidNikiRadicalNinja''. The type of oval coins [[MoneySpider dropped by one enemy]] are specific to the Edo period.
* ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfKage 2''
* ''VideoGame/MuramasaTheDemonBlade''
* ''VideoGame/NazoNoMurasamejo''
* ''Oh! Edo Towns''
* ''VideoGame/SamuraiShodown''
* ''VideoGame/UnchartedWatersNewHorizons'' has Japan visitable by the main characters, complete with Atakebune and Tekkousen ship classes available
* ''VideoGame/WayOfTheSamurai 2''
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Bakumatsu/Early Meiji (1853-late 19th century)]]
[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''Anime/AyakashiAyashi''
* ''BakumatsuKikansetsuIrohanihoheto''
* ''Manga/{{Jin}}''
* ''Manga/KazeHikaru''
* ''KidouShinsengumiMoeyoKen''
* ''Manga/PeacemakerKurogane''
* ''Manga/RurouniKenshin'', a {{deconstruction}} of the genre itself.
* The third arc of ''ShuraNoToki''
* ''Anime/WinterCicada''
* ''Sidooh''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* More from Creator/AkiraKurosawa:
** ''Film/{{Yojimbo}}'' and ''{{Sanjuro}}''
* ''Film/TheLastSamurai'' is very loosely based on the Satsuma revolt
* ''RedSun'', where the idea of jidai-geki being the Japanese equivalent to the western is taken to [[LetsYouAndHimFight its logical conclusion]].
* ''Film/TheSwordOfDoom''
* ''TheTwilightSamurai''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Ryomaden''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Theatre ]]

* ''Theatre/PacificOvertures''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VideoGame/{{Hakuouki}}''
* ''VideoGame/TheLastBlade'', as told in its Japanese title of ''Bakumatsu Roman: Gekka no Kenshi'' ("A Bakumatsu Romance: Swordsmen in the Moonlight"), and evidenced in many visual elements in the game.
* The ninja chapter of ''VideoGame/LiveALive''
* ''Ninja Spirit''
* ''VideoGame/TotalWarShogun2: Fall of the Samurai'' DLC
* ''VideoGame/WayOfTheSamurai''
[[/folder]]

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