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[[quoteright:250:[[WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/tomandjerry_threepanel01_250_8359.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:250:Now you see him...now you don't!]]
->''"[[MediumAwareness An iris in would be appropriate now]], don't you think?"'' (iris out on Eddy) ''"[[BreakingTheFourthWall Thank you.]]"''
-->-- '''Edd''', ''WesternAnimation/EdEddNEddy'', "Here's Mud in Your Ed"

The screen turns to solid black starting at the edges and pushing inwards, forcing the view of the scene into an ever-dwindling circle in the manner of a camera iris closing. The circle is centered either on the physical middle of the screen, or on some object or person of importance in order to draw attention to it. When the center of the "iris" is on a person, it sometimes pauses to allow them to get off a OneLiner or other comment. Some shows use the IrisOut instead of FadeToBlack for [[ImpairmentShot a character's POV when they pass out/faint/are knocked unconscious]].

The iris need not be circular. If the episode ends on a romantic high note, it often takes the form of a heart.

A common variation is for the iris to almost close, then pop back open a little either to continue the cartoon or for one last gag before the iris finally closes altogether. A common [[BreakingTheFourthWall fourth-wall breaking]] variation on this variation is for a character to physically grab the closing iris, sometimes pushing it to [[FakeOutFadeOut prevent the scene from ending]], other times stretching it open to rant or to step through into the blacked-out screen.

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!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* An episode of ''Manga/TriGun'' features this, with the main character, Vash in the center [[BreakingTheFourthWall complaining about the little screentime in the episode]].
* Every episode of ''Anime/KirbyOfTheStars'' ends with a star-shaped IrisOut that pauses around Kirby, usually just to let him smile at the viewer and exclaim "Poyo!"
* ''PonyoOnTheCliffByTheSea'' ends right after Ponyo and Sosuke [[spoiler: kiss]].
* Most episodes of ''Anime/KOn'' end with a FadeToBlack or just a straight cut to black or credits, but a few episodes end ''this'' way.
** In Season 1, Episode 5, the iris closes on Mio, who's just collapsed from learning that she has to fill in for Yui, who's ruined her voice for a few days from too much practice. Another iris opens on Yui, who tells us they have 3 days until the school festival...
** In Episode 6, a heart-shaped iris closes on Mio, who's traumatized from having accidentally given the audience a PantyShot.
** In Episode 12, a heart-shaped iris closes on Yui, who's just declared her love of light music.
** In Season 2, Episode 5, there's an iris for each of the five members, and a flower appears on each iris as they close.
** In Episode 17, an iris shrunks around Yui's face. Unusually, the area that is usually black is red with yellow polka dots in a regular pattern.
* ''Anime/SuitePrettyCure'' episode 2 uses this when [[KindheartedCatLover Kanade]] shakes [[MentorMascot Hummy's]] paw for the [[http://youtu.be/F9UfWL60GUE?t=36s first time]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* ''Film/TheArtist'', a 2011 film but [[SilenceIsGolden deliberately old-fashioned]], uses this as well as several other tropes from the late-silent period of cinema.
* The ''Franchise/StarWars'' films use the IrisOut along with {{wipe}}s for transitions instead of the standard {{dissolve}}. This is done as an {{Homage}} to the old film serials that influenced Creator/GeorgeLucas.
* This is done a lot in German silent films such as ''Film/TheCabinetOfDrCaligari''. Often, they would even start the iris out (or in) but stop partway through, so that only one part of the screen is visible and the rest is darkened. To some extent, this was a way of directing the audience's attention to a specific area of the screen that was superseded by the more mobile camera and faster editing style that became widespread by the later 1920s.
* ''{{Film/Feast}}'' III ends on an improvised variation, with the surviving character of the film using his hands to imitate an iris out.
* ''Film/TheCityofLostChildren'' ends with a kid burping and the iris effect finished on the mouth.
* ''Film/WhoFramedRogerrabbit'' breaks the 4th wall when one of the three little pigs interacts with the iris in the closing scene.
* ''Film/TheSting'' ends with the two main characters walking off and the iris zooming in on them.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:LiveActionTV]]
* An IrisOut is the usual {{Idiosyncratic Wipe|s}} used in ''PushingDaisies'', where its old-fashioned feel complements the show's retro charm.
* Used in Creator/TheBBC's adaptation of ''Literature/TippingTheVelvet''.
* Used at the end of every episode of ''Series/MissFishersMurderMysteries'', to match the time period of the show.
* ''UglyBetty'' does this on occasion, with the iris focusing on Betty after she gets into certain situations.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:VideoGames]]
* Also used to transition between scenes in many video games; for example, ''VideoGame/SuperMario64'' and ''VideoGame/PaperMario64'' did this using outlines of characters' heads rather than the traditional circle.
** When you entered a level in the original NES ''VideoGame/SuperMarioBros3'', the transition was a box that always went into the center of the screen. The remakes used a circle that was always centered on Mario.
** ''VideoGame/SuperMarioWorld'' did this with a circle at the end of every stage, except those finished using a keyhole. Keyhole exits did an [[InvertedTrope inversion of this trope]] using the keyhole itself as the iris.
** ''VideoGame/SuperMario64'', ''VideoGame/SuperMarioGalaxy'', and both ''VideoGame/NewSuperMarioBros'' [[VideoGame/NewSuperMarioBrosWii games]] do this with the outline of Bowser's face whenever Mario loses a life. The ''New Super Mario Bros'' games also have generic circle irises for pipe and door entries and IdiosyncraticWipes for secret pipes hidden offscreen. And, in ''VideoGame/NewSuperMarioBrosWii'', if you enter a door in a hidden area, there's an additional iris-out for the passage.
** If you lose your last life in ''Galaxy'', then instead of Bowser's face, the iris out will be shaped like the words "GameOver" instead.
* All ''Franchise/KingdomHearts'' games released after ''VideoGame/KingdomHeartsII'' used iris-outs between areas in a world. The outline is always some sort of symbol related to the world currently in - a keyhole in Twilight Town, a Mickey Mouse head in Disney Castle, a lightning bolt medal in the Olympus Coliseum, a rose in Beast Castle...
* Used for all level transitions in ''VideoGame/DonkeyKong64'', with the iris in the shape of the initials "DK".
* ''VideoGame/{{Banjo-Kazooie}}'' and ''Banjo-Tooie'' used these as screen transitions. If you got a Game Over or decided to quit playing, the iris would take the shape of a profile of Grunty's head.
* Both ''VideoGame/DragonsLair'' games and ''VideoGame/SpaceAce'' did this after each "miss" sequence. ''VideoGame/SpaceAce'' even does an "Iris In" with Borf taunting the player (except when the player got a game over, although the Borf taunting bits were still done before game overs in the blu-ray version). There are even heart-shaped irises that close out in Level 4 of ''Dragon's Lair II: Time Warp''.
* A heart-shaped version can be found in both endings of ''Super VideoGame/MeatBoy''.
* There's a mushroom-shaped iris out whenever Marisa collects a mushroom in ''VideoGame/NewSuperMarisaLand''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:WebOriginal]]
* ''WebAnimation/SuperMarioBrosZ'' uses iris-outs that are somewhat merged with IdiosyncraticWipes:
** In Episode 7, after the Dancing Banana inexplicably causes an explosion in the Pipe Maze that sends Wario and Waluigi back out to the surface, they land on Jeff and Hal from WebAnimation/BowsersKingdom, and a banana graphic does this trope to ''VideoGame/{{Super Mario World}} 1'''s "iris-out" sound effect.
** Then, in Episode 8, Wario throws Waluigi at the Sky Pop Mark II in an attempt to steal Mario and the gang's Chaos Emeralds. Waluigi stops just short and does a Wile E. Coyote-esque fall. After he lands, we cut to a stunned-nearly-speechless Wario, and the same thing happens as in the Episode 7 scene, but with a "W" emblem.
* In the original Website/JibJab video "This Land", GeorgeWBush grabs the iris at the end to mention Cheney.
* HappyTreeFriends does this at the end of almost every episode, with a few exceptions here and there.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:WesternAnimation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry'' (pictured above) is the TropeMaker and the TropeCodifier, if not the UrExample. [[UpToEleven All of their episodes]] [[EveryEpisodeEnding end with an iris out.]]
* At the end of one ''WesternAnimation/EdEddNEddy'' episode, Edd says while BreakingTheFourthWall, "An iris in [on Eddy] would be appropriate." After that happens and the screen is completely black, he says, "Thank you!"
* A Creator/WalterLantz short from the ''WesternAnimation/WoodyWoodpecker'' family ended with the shrinking iris ''decapitating'' the character. But it was PlayedForLaughs.
* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries'' had a ''heart-shaped'' Iris out in "Harlequinade". The only example of one in the entire {{Franchise/DCAU}}.
* During an episode of ''WesternAnimation/DarkwingDuck'' in which the characters got involved in a movie production, everyone started to argue about how to end the movie - The Diva wanted it to end on her face, another suggests a ride into the sunset - and Launchpad started to describe the Iris out as the perfect way to end it. Guess how they ended the episode?
* An episode of ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheBraveAndTheBold'' ended with Batman standing behind Plastic Man and Woozy Winks as they [[EverybodyLaughsEnding laughed at the way the case ended]]. The iris stopped and re-opened. Plas and Woozy stopped laughing, paused, and resumed. Batman simply walked out of the shot.
* ''WesternAnimation/ElTigre'' enjoys this trope a lot
** In "A Fistful of Nickels". the cartoon ends with White Pantera and Puma Loco arguing over whether Manny will grow up to be a hero or a villain. The iris closes on Pantera shouting "Hero!" but it opens back up again on Puma Loco shouting "Villain!" before it closes for good.
** In "Oso Solo Mio". the iris-out begins with a heart shape as El Oso begins walking away with his love, birds singing around them. The iris opens back up as the she-bear he loves runs away from him and we realize the cartoon still has a couple of minutes left.
* The best-known examples of IrisOut can be seen in various [[WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes Warner Bros. cartoons]]. which were already {{subvert|edTrope}}ing the {{trope}} in the 1930s. One famous example is in many of Creator/BobClampett's cartoons, in which he created a vocal "Beeo-woop!" sound effect to accompany the iris out at the end.
* The Frederator and Billionfold toons from {{Creator/Nickelodeon}} have some trademark ones.
** ''WesternAnimation/DannyPhantom'' uses the IrisOut with some variations. In one of the early cartoons, the final shot was Danny, Sam, and Tucker laughing, and there were three IrisOut shots used, one for each character.
*** If the episode ends on a scene in which only Danny and Sam are present, [[spoiler:[[ForeShadowing expect the heart-shaped version.]] ]]
** ''WesternAnimation/TheFairlyOddparents'' has also used the IrisOut with one for Timmy, Cosmo, and Wanda laughing as the circle closed.
** A really IdiosyncraticWipes example in ''WesternAnimation/FanboyAndChumChum'' -- instead of a closing iris, it was blackness in the shape of human teeth snapping shut with the image growing smaller between the jaws of black.
* ''JimmyNeutron'''s Iris Outs are almost always in the shape of the logo he uses to identify everything he invents.
* Used frequently on ''WesternAnimation/JimmyTwoShoes''.
* Used in the pilot episode of ''WesternAnimation/CourageTheCowardlyDog'', "The Chicken From Outer Space", when Courage remarks, "This shouldn't happen to a dog!", and has since been a well-known gag on the series.
* The ''WesternAnimation/{{Animaniacs}}'' Please Please Please Get a Life Foundation segment ends with an iris-out on a {{Fanboy}}'s nose, but he reopens it, saying that ItsBeenDone before closing again.
* Used at the end of the [[Recap/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagicS2E2TheReturnOfHarmonyPart2 Season 2 Premiere]] of ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' as a ShoutOut to ''Film/ANewHope''.
** Pinkie Pie also [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dFlOZFSIsMQ&feature=related has a fight]] [[BreakingTheFourthWall with the Iris Out]] at one point.
*** And another at the end of "Magic Duel", where she reminds Twilight to restore her [[WipeThatSmileOffYourFace deleted mouth]].
** "[[Recap/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagicS2E10SecretOfMyExcess Secret of My Excess]]" has an Iris Out in the shape of lips closing in on the lipstick mark on Spike's cheek.
* ''{{WesternAnimation/Recess}}'' would use this as an ending on a few occasions, when it wasn't a FadeOut.
* Most ''[[Disney/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians 101 Dalmatians: The Series]]'' episodes would end this way, usually with the standard circle. "Love 'em and Flea 'em" used a heart, as did "Swine Song" and "My Fair Moochie", while some used a star, like "Shake, Rattle, and Woof" and "Lucky All-Star". On a few occasions, the iris out was parodied by characters trying to keep the iris out open while trying to say something and other stuff.
* At the end of ''WesternAnimation/TheGrimAdventuresOfBillyAndMandy'' episode "Hog Wild", Billy gets caught in the iris, horrifically contorting his face until he slips through the iris so it can close.
* Done in the very first episode of ''WesternAnimation/{{Superjail}}'' after the Warden's plan works out and he gets to [[ItMakesSenseInContext eat the remains of a prison riot]]. He comments that his "plan tastes great! I mean, it could use a little salt, but otherwise it tastes great!" As the iris closes in, it stops for a moment just long enough for the Warden to wink at the audience. Done again in the season 3 episode "Sticky Discharge". The Warden's plan to keep Paul in Superjail works, prompting the Warden to say "Isn't it great?" Cue iris out, stopping yet again for the Warden to wink at the audience.
* In the Warner Brothers classic "WesternAnimation/DuckAmuck", DaffyDuck pushes the closing iris aside, since in his mind, the cartoon hasn't started yet.
* The ''BeastWars'' episode "A Better Mousetrap" starts to iris out at the end as the Maximals sadly contemplate Rattrap's HeroicSacrifice...then the iris reverses as Rattrap comes out of the ship, perfectly fine, and the episode continues for another minute.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheAmazingWorldofGumball'' does this in as a gag in "The Castle" as Gumball and Darwin celebrate that they don't have to go to school, despite being only a minute into the episode and the show normally ending with a SmashToBlack.
* The ''WesternAnimation/TheSuperMarioBrosSuperShow'' episode "The Bird! The Bird!" uses a strange variation. After the final line of the episode is delivered, the iris appears already partially zoomed-in, and both the iris and image it frames shrink into nothingness shortly afterwards.
[[/folder]]

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