In reality, the International Criminal Police Organization -- the ICPO or Interpol -- acts as liaison among the national police forces of member countries, maintains a database on international criminals, [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking and writes (along with the FBI) those "pirating this movie is illegal" messages/PSA's]] that get removed in the pirated versions of films anyway. In other words, they don't do any direct investigation or prosecution themselves; they simply facilitate communication between agencies in different countries.

In ''fiction'', Interpol acts more like [[Series/TheManFromUNCLE U.N.C.L.E.]] and sends agents (normally solo), who somehow have full power over local police, out to track down and capture international criminals. One reason for this trope is that [[SmallReferencePools everyone knows Interpol is "international police"]] and it avoids the need to create a group wholesale, even if that means fudging what they actually do.

Compare UnitedNationsIsASuperpower for details on the OneWorldGovernment that presumably gives the World Police their orders.
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!!Examples:

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[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* [[HeroAntagonist Inspector Zenigata]] of ''Characters/LupinIII'' is an Interpol agent; [[MultipleChoicePast one]] [[Anime/LupinIIIEpisode0FirstContact version of the gang's]] [[OriginsEpisode origins]] explicitly has another character suggest that he join to pursue Lupin across the globe more easily. The local cops vary in their response to his commands; sometimes, he's an unwanted distraction from their duties. [[Anime/TheCastleOfCagliostro Other times]], he leads a small army of Japanese policemen directly under his command.
* In ''{{Daitarn 3}}'', Reika Sanjo is an ex-Interpol agent.
* In ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'', Tomo is a big fan of ''Franchise/LupinIII'', and her dream is to be an Interpol agent. Given that Tomo is a moron, it's more like she believes this trope than that show itself does.
* ''GiantRobo: The Animation'' had the superpowered "Experts of Justice" as ICPO agents. Yes, Interpol basically had the JusticeLeague on its payroll here.
* Portrayed more accurately in ''Manga/DeathNote''; Interpol are seen near the beginning as a group of police representatives from various different nations discussing the recent spate of deaths of renowned criminals and forming a consensus of whether or not they should contact L, and once L demonstrates that the perpetrator is based out of Japan the case is entirely within the jurisdiction of the N.P.A. (albeit with L calling on resources from the F.B.I. at one point).
* Possibly justified in GunslingerGirl. Hillshire [[spoiler: Hartman]] met Triella during his job as an investigator for Europol - the localized version of Interpol. He was acting outside his jurisdiction though and got fired, ending up as Triella's [[TheHandler handler]].

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* ''Darkholders'' from Marvel Comics stars one of these, agent Sam Buchannan. Partly justified in that in the comics, Interpol has degenerated to little more then a devil cult.
* Christine St. Clair from DC 1970s ''Manhunter'' strip.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* In ''Film/LordOfWar'', Interpol agent Jack Valentine pursues the illegal ArmsDealer main character. Oddly, late in the film the VillainProtagonist refers to US President as being the Valentine's boss, and uses contacts in the US military to get himself released when Valentine has arrested him, so one wonders if Agent Valentine switched jobs at some point.
* ''The Cassandra Crossing'': O.J. Simpson plays an Interpol officer. Talk about a FunnyAneurysmMoment...
* The movie of ''TomicaHeroRescueForce'' had two Interpol agents.
* Lorna Campbell from ''JohnnyEnglish'' is an Interpol officer.
* Both ''Film/GodzillaVsMechagodzilla'' and ''Film/TerrorOfMechagodzilla'' have Interpol agents as main characters. However, worth noting is they act somewhat realistically as their mission was to investigate the alien invasion presently going on and intervene if needed instead of taking full control. Still doesn't stop them from directly fighting said alien invasion though.
* ''Film/Die1000AugenDesDrMabuse'' has an undercover Interpol agent investigating international crime at a German hotel.
* ''Film/TheInternational'' features a somewhat realistic version of the agency but [[CowboyCop the protagonist]] still largely fulfills the trope anyway.
* Jean-Pierre Napoleon in ''Film/MuppetsMostWanted'', who chases the villains all over Europe.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* There's a friendly Interpol officer whom TomSwift Jr. summons from time to time to arrest international bad guys; apparently they're out of the local cops' jurisdiction [[HandWave somehow]].

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* In ''Series/{{Leverage}}'', Interpol has enough prestige that a fairly senior insurance executive can become an agent and consider it a step up in his career. WordOfGod [[http://kfmonkey.blogspot.com/2010/05/leverage-214-215-post-game.html says]], "Interpol in the Leverage-verse is not this world's Interpol. It is, basically, ComicBook/{{SHIELD}}. Or maybe [[Series/TheManFromUNCLE U.N.C.L.E.]]. It's the law-enforcement all-star team."
* 1970s ITC Entertainment series ''Series/{{Department S}}'' featured three Interpol agents (and their jet-setting diplomat boss) who solved "impossible" crimes.
* One episode of ''Series/RemingtonSteele'' guest-starred Creator/TomBaker (of ''Series/DoctorWho'' fame) as an Interpol agent whose investigations intersected Remington Steele's Case of the Week.
* Special Agent Emily Prentiss of ''Series/CriminalMinds'' is a former Interpol undercover operative.
* The show ''Series/CrossingLines'' goes one further by having an elite force of cops from the International Criminal Court investigating cross-border crime in Europe. The International Criminal Court deals with crimes against international law (in other words serious war crimes and genocides committed by governments and quasi-governments), has no police force of its own, and even if it had, would not get involved with ordinary crime, no matter how serious or high-profile.
* The sixth episode of ''Series/WhiteCollar'' had Meilin, an undercover Interpol Agent that was working undercover as the right-hand of Chinatown mobster Lao Shen.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* In the game ''Artifact'', the players are Interpol agents trying to recover [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin stolen artworks and ancient artifacts.]]

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''Franchise/AceAttorney'':
** Such an agent is featured in the fourth game as [[spoiler:the victim of one case]].
** ''Investigations'' runs away with the trope, not only making [[spoiler:''another'' victim out of one]], but featuring one as a major character.
* Carmelita Fox of ''Franchise/SlyCooper'' is an Interpol agent.
* Looker of ''[[VideoGame/PokemonDiamondAndPearl Pokémon Platinum]]'' ,''[[VideoGame/PokemonBlackAndWhite Black and White]]'' and ''[[VideoGame/PokemonXandY X and Y]]'', as well as a minor NPC on the ''SS Anne'' in ''VideoGame/PokemonRedAndBlue'', work for the [[SuspiciouslySpecificDenial not-Interpol]] [[LawyerFriendlyCameo "International Police"]] and both are going after the game's evil team. As the only other cops in this series do nothing but attack kids up past 6 p.m., though, it's a huge step up.
** Looker remains a pretty impressive agent of the police force no matter how you look at it, given the only other police who actually fight crime (besides him and that minor NPC) happen to be the [[VideoGame/PokemonRanger Ranger Corps]]. [[FridgeHorror Still makes you wonder why there's no word of their involvement in]] [[VideoGame/PokemonColosseum another region, however...]]
* [[StreetFighter Chun-Li]] is an Interpol agent who fights crime by personally kicking the crap out of crime lords.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Original ]]

* In the ''GlobalGuardiansPBEMUniverse'', Interpol's purview has been expanded to include international supercrime, and they have been given an investigation and enforcement arm.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* GadgetBoyAndHeather work for Interpol.
* In the first episode of ''WesternAnimation/JackieChanAdventures'', Captain Black says that he laid the groundwork for Section 13, his group of secret agents that fights organized crime, during his stint with Interpol.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Real Life ]]

* After the US made a agreement to further cooperation with Interpol, some politicians who didn't do their research (or, more likely, TheyJustDidntCare) started warning that Interpol agents would be coming to America and making arrests and such, infringing on the country's sovereignty.
** Virtually any country will have some politician make those noises when it starts "furthering cooperation" with any international agency. It's mostly a ritual designed to remind everyone that the step can't be taken as a renunciation of sovereignty—it's basically [[{{Tsundere}} being tsun-tsun]] to globalization.
* After the assassination of Benazir Bhutto, a U.S. Senator called for Interpol to take over the investigation.
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