A deconstruction that can't make up its mind if it is examining a genre, or if it is just ''in'' that genre.

A {{deconstruction}} has to have at least some elements of the genre it is deconstructing, but there is a fine line. It has to fundamentally criticize the tropes of the genre, playing them straight and demonstrating the [[RealityEnsues actual consequences]] of the genre's tropes (good or bad). However, even standard genre pieces often do that to at least some of their genre conventions. What about works that were meant to be deconstructions, but didn't go far enough? Or works that were never meant to be deconstructions, but ended up as being viewed as such? What about works that crank up the tropes to the point of parody yet are ambiguous on whether or not they are criticizing the tropes? What about works that merely play the conventions for realism, with no critical ''intent'' on the part of the creator, yet can still clearly be read as criticisms?

Basically, there are many questions that can be raised about what counts as a deconstruction.

There are at least three potential subtypes of Indecisive Deconstruction:

* '''Unintentional Deconstruction''', where the work can be read as a criticism of the tropes it plays straight, even if there is no critical intent on the part of the author (or the author has not expressed any critical intent whatsoever). ''VideoGame/HalfLife1'', as stated below, can be read as a deconstruction of the TropeCodifier ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}'', but the authors have never implied any critical intent. ''Literature/{{Twilight}}'' can also be read as a deconstruction of traditional romances, because Edward is sometimes [[AlternativeCharacterInterpretation seen as an abusive, manipulative control freak]], yet Creator/StephenieMeyer has stated she believes Edward is the perfect boyfriend (thus, no critical intent exists). It should be marked that this type of deconstruction can be either [[TropesAreNotBad a product of very attentive and intuitive (sometimes naive) writing]] or [[TropesAreNotGood the product of writing so bad that the author doesn't even understand the context and consequences of their own work]].
* '''Partial Deconstruction''', where the work deconstructs several tropes, but whether or not it actually criticizes the tropes [[GenreDeconstruction essential to the genre]] (or ''enough'' of the tropes essential to the genre) is debatable. This category exists for Genre Films that throw in some {{deconstructed trope}}s but may not be [[GenreDeconstruction deconstructions of their genre]]. This can be intentional or unintentional on the part of the author but can be '''''effective''''' or not depending on the nature and purpose of the work. This often depends on which genre the work is classified as; sometimes it becomes incidental as an author intends to deconstruct one genre but actually ends up writing it for another (a lot of tropes are common to many genres, but are only ''essential'' to a limited number).
* '''Attempted Deconstruction''', where the work postures as a GenreDeconstruction but isn't. This is the reverse of Unintentional Deconstruction; deconstructive intent is present, but the deconstruction is hampered by too many tropes being played straight. ''Film/{{Scream 1996}}'' fits here. Arguably, some of the DarkerAndEdgier DarkAge ComicBooks (which [mostly unsuccessfully] attempted to emulate ''ComicBook/{{Watchmen}}'' and ''ComicBook/TheDarkKnightReturns'') also fit under this category. This is either the result of bad writing where the author doesn't really understand the consequences of the tropes they are deconstructing, or the result of a series where an author starts off with one idea but then changes to settle in another (this doesn't mean that the work is badly written, just that its purpose changed over time).

See also IndecisiveParody and UnbuiltTrope.

Compare SupposedlyRebelliousSeries, when a story appears to challenge metaconcepts, but doesn't. Compare and contrast DeconReconSwitch, where a work begins as a deconstruction but (intentionally) switches to a {{Reconstruction}} by the end.

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!Examples:

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[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* The Chuunin Exam StoryArc from ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' deconstructs several tropes of the {{Shonen}} action genre: The hidden motives and behind-the-scenes scheming during the TournamentArc force the tournament to be canceled part way through. The "winner(s)", although there is only one in this arc, are picked by a panel of judges, and they reward the secondary character who forfeited; they found his decision to make a tactical retreat admirable, while Naruto's [[{{Determinator}} "never give up no matter what"]] attitude struck them as likely to get himself or his teammates killed some day. And, when Naruto finally proves himself better than his [[TheRival Rival]], Sasuke, instead of DefeatMeansFriendship, just the opposite occurs; Sasuke is so disgusted at his weakness compared to Naruto that he [[FaceHeelTurn joins]] the BigBad in exchange for power. However, so many ''other'' tropes are played straight during the arc that it's unclear if a deconstruction was intended.
* Rei Ayanami from ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'' was an attempted deconstruction of the YamatoNadeshiko, and ExtremeDoormat LoveInterests in general, where HideakiAnno took the trope to its logical conclusion and asked fanboys "so, is this what you want?" However, the response to that question was a resounding "[[MisaimedFandom yes]]," and Rei became not only a FountainOfExpies, but also a major TropeMaker for {{Moe}} as we understand it today (not helped by the fact that Rei was portrayed in a very sympathetic light in the anime).
** Similarly, Asuka Langley Soryu from the same series can be read as a Deconstruction of how much it would suck to have a {{Tsundere}} love interest (being a neurotic mess who emotionally abuses the protagonist). However, it's not clear how deliberate this was, as Anno has stated his preference for Asuka in interviews.
** Interestingly, Kaworu can be read as the YaoiGuys version of Rei. While just as many people took him in exactly the wrong direction (including Studio Gainax themselves), quite a few people ''did'' take him the way he was intended, and his {{Hatedom}} just keeps growing.
* ''MedakaBox'': The series was meant to examine many of the tropes which defined Shonen manga, with its eponymous protagonist representing many of the ideal Shonen Hero traits. On one hand the series tried pointing out the kind of personality that would actually result in being designed for that role: for instance Medaka is so utterly devoted to heroism that she doesn't seem to be able to relate to people. On the other hand, Medaka's methods are rarely shown to be wrong in the narrative itself.
* ''Anime/MasterOfMartialHearts'': A raging document against the PantyFighter, while giving us just as much if not ''more'' {{Fanservice}} as the typical show it's insulting. That's what we call "trying to have it both ways".
* Fans of ''Manga/GunslingerGirl'' see it as a social commentary on ChildSoldier's and a deconstruction of the {{lolicon}} genre. It's not. The [[AuthorAppeal mangaka just likes]] middle school girls with guns and the fratello relationship really is supposed to be ambiguously sexual. The first anime plays the presumed aesop straight while ''Teatrino'' uses the original one, which is part of the many reasons why fans disliked it.
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[[folder:Comic Books]]
* The obscure ImageComics character Bloodwulf. He was a parody or homage of Lobo, in that he had the look, the high body count, the serious joy in bloodletting... but he was also a devoted family man who loved his wives and kids. His few appearances were never quite clear on whether they were mocking the character, or trying to cash in, or both.
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[[folder:Fan Fiction]]
* The ''Franchise/HarryPotter'' fic ''FanFic/{{Deserving}}'' could be read as a deconstruction of the FandomSpecificPlot of a marriage law being instituted after the demise of Lord Voldemort, and of [[MisterSeahorse mpreg]], but the writer's reactionary views suggest that it may not be intended to criticize these plots.
* ''[[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/3119315/ Pokemon Revolution]]'', by Farla, has been interpreted by more than one reviewer as a deconstruction of all the fics wherein Pokémon [[TurnedAgainstTheirMasters revolt against humans]], as the [[GodModeSue ridiculously overpowered]] main character starts off sympathetic but very quickly [[JumpingOffTheSlipperySlope Jumps Off the Slippery Slope]], expressing [[KillAllHumans genocidal ambitions]] and demands absolute loyalty from her followers, not hesitating to attack fellow Pokémon who disagree with her. However, considering Farla's other fanfics about [[HumansAreTheRealMonsters the relationship between Pokémon and humans]], it seems likely that the readers are supposed to side with the main character even after she crosses the MoralEventHorizon.
* ''Anime/PuellaMagiMadokaMagica'' fanfic ''Fanfic/MagicaMadokaVeneficusPuella'' can't seem to decide whether it's a FixFic or a DeconstructionFic, having elements of both. It also is [[CrackFic borderline crack]].
* Although ''Fanfic/TheLegendOfTotalDramaIsland'' is neither advertised nor intended as a DeconstructionFic, it does a fair amount of decon work. This is largely a side effect of playing for drama incidents that the original played for laughs, and of the [[RealityEnsues higher level of realism]] needed to make some of those tone-shifted incidents work.
* There are a lot of ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'' fanfics out there in which Ash is turned into a GodModeStu, and it is perfectly possible to interpret ''Fanfic/TheGreatestThereWasOrEverWillBe'' as a deconstruction of them, because the first chapter is nothing but how [[OlympusMons Arceus]] set things up from the very beginning to favor Ash and give him superpowers (such as [[MagneticHero overwhelming charisma]] and the ability to make all of his Pokémon accept TrainingFromHell) that he logically should not possess. And yes, Ash ''does'' let all of his power [[AGodAmI go to his head]] occasionally, which terrifies both his friends and himself, [[MyGodWhatHaveIDone when he returns to lucidity]]. It's as if the writer is sending a message that such an InvincibleHero is only possible in these fanfics because of authorial intervention. However, in an author's note, the writer recommended a whole list of other Powerful!Ash fics, which he thinks are awesome, so this critical intent is [[DeathOfTheAuthor not actually there]]. When asked about this, [[WordOfGod the author said]] that he wanted to write a version of the plot that doesn't suck-- in other words, a ''{{Reconstruction}}''.
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[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* ''WesternAnimation/HappilyNEverAfter'': comes close to deconstructing the typical [[DisneyAnimatedCanon Disney fairytale]] storyline, but since it's a kids' movie couldn't go all the way.
* More famously, ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'' does something similar -- it satirizes traditional fairy tale and nursery rhyme characters left and right and turns the traditional fairy tale structure on its head -- the Princess has a ''reason'' to hide in the tower, the perfect fairy tale kingdom comes at the expense of forcing all of the non-humans to live in the woods, the nasty ogre is the reluctant hero. However, there's still room for a happy ending and a dance party at the end.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Brave}}'' is set up as a deconstruction of the normal story of a RebelliousPrincess wanting to get her own way, and it ''does'' achieve this to some end (as Merida ''does'' realize that she can't just do what she wants all the time), but it doesn't go all the way, as said princess gets her way in the end.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSwanPrincess'' A Warner Brothers film that did deconstructs Disney Princess movies early on, such as the princess of the film points out that to a prince that she arranged to get married doesn't have much reason to love her aside just her beauty, but then brushed aside and they both get married in the end of the film, despite not having really much relationship building throughout the film, and also they really didn't like each other at all during their childhood and adolescent, where the characters were actually animated quite interestingly with the princess having a spunky proactive personality, but then becomes a boring typical princess character later in the film.
* The 2007 film ''Film/{{Beowulf}}'' plays the myth fairly straight for most regards, but adds elements suggesting UnreliableNarrator, all sorts of raunchiness and deviations from the myth that suggest that it is a "true" version that ended up being portrayed more heroically in the myths. However it still has a naked Beowulf backflipping when fighting Grendel and being all beardy and manly and fighting monsters. A lot of arguments come up about whether or not a particular element was meant to be taken seriously.
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[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* The movie ''{{Adaptation}}'' is this on purpose. First, it explicitly states all the tropes it's not going to use, and in the second half it gleefully goes all out in using them. Not [[DoingItForTheArt for the art]], but as a commentary about ExecutiveMeddling.
* ''Film/{{Scream 1996}}'' was marketed as a DeconstructiveParody of the [[SlasherMovie Slasher]] genre, but it's deconstruction only went as far as having characters point out loads of slasher movie clichés, then proceed to [[DeathByGenreSavviness fall for all of the old traps anyway]]. Because Slashers were not en vogue at the time, it ended up being closer to a {{Reconstruction}} and, for better or worse, breathed new life in the genre for at least another decade.
* ''Film/{{Hancock}}'' can't decide whenever it wants be a {{deconstruction}} or a tragedy. The first half is basically a straight DeconstructiveParody. The second half is a different kind of deconstruction, examining the fact that superpowers don't exist in a vacuum. (You can't have Superman without Krypton, or Wonder Woman without Paradise Island.) Whether it's any good depends on the viewer.
* ''Film/{{Wanted}}'' plays its tropes so straight that it's hard to decide ''what'' it's doing. The [[ComicBook/{{Wanted}} comicbook that it was loosely based on]] is a more straightforward deconstruction of {{supervillain}}s and glorification of violence, as well as the HerosJourney by turning it into a path towards evil instead of good.
* ''Film/{{Kick-Ass}}'' sets itself up to examine the reality of normal people of superheroes like the comic book it adapts, and shows rather jarringly what would realistically happen to anyone who believes they got the skills, assets and resourcefulness satisfactory to be a costumed vigilante. However, ''unlike'' that comic book, [[DeconReconSwitch it then becomes a]] {{Reconstruction}} - effectively subverting the source material's entire plot and having the lead character eventually [[TookALevelInBadass gain many, many levels in Kick-Ass]] to demonstrate that either anything's possible with enough determination... or that grim realism is detrimental for a compelling plot. Of course, the original comic book went for such a self-indulgent DarkerAndEdgier dystopic view on humanity that you ''would'' think that it is an unintentional deconstruction of the self-absorbed emo-teenage fantasy (of the kind FrankMiller would agree with). At this point, however, it's either a very competent StealthParody or very sadly played straight.
* ''Film/{{Enchanted}}'' is either this or a DeconReconSwitch, depending on a): how self-aware you think it is of its tendency to reuse tropes it previously smashed into little pieces, and b): how convincing you think its reuse of those tropes really is.
* ''Film/LastActionHero'' - AffectionateParody or straight-up lampooning of action movie tropes? The movie bounced between the two and suffered for it.
* ''Film/SuckerPunch'': Action-movie FanService, or a deconstruction of Action-movie FanService? [[MindScrew Who knows]]?
* ''Film/GoodLuckChuck'' sits firmly into Unintentional Deconstruction territory. As noted under DeconstructiveParody there are several elements that can be taken as criticism of some of the particularely contrived examples in the RomanticComedy subgenre, like the loser protagonist who can't get a good girlfriend needing a literal curse for the plot to work at all, fairly realistic consequences of going to absurd lengths to woo a girl, etc. Interviews with the director and main actors suggest they viewed it as nothing other than a typical wacky Rom-Com (Creator/JessicaAlba did critique the film later on, but for [[OldShame different reasons]]).
* ''Film/AbrahamLincolnVampireHunter,'' with its dead serious dramatic delivery and completely insane fight sequences, is either a mediocre action movie or an excellent deconstruction of how schizophrenic action movies can be in their presentation.
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[[folder:Literature]]
* ''Literature/DonQuixote'' is arguably this for the knightly romances of its day. Parody was the intent, [[{{Applicability}} but sometimes it's not so clear where the title character lies]] relative to the fine line between genius and madness...
* John Green intended ''LookingForAlaska'' to be a deconstruction of the ManicPixieDreamGirl, but it doesn't quite work. Realizing that ''Alaska'' didn't quite get across the destructive nature of mis-imagining people as Manic Pixie Dream Girls was a motivator in him writing ''PaperTowns'', which does a better job of it.
* It is clear that ''War and Democide Never Again'' is ''intended'' to be a deconstruction of heroes who are massively destructive because UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans -- the climax of the first book makes this obvious. However, one of the protagonists, Joy, is so much of a JerkSue even ''before'' she JumpsOffTheSlipperySlope (and her counterpart, John, so weak-willed) that her behavior which the readers are supposed to find horrific is practically indistinguishable from her behavior which the readers are supposed to approve of, ruining the effect. Furthermore, the sequels focus less and less on deconstruction as the series goes on, and focus more and more on WishFulfillment and the RuleOfCool.
* Children and Young Adult series like ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}'', ''Literature/HarryPotter'', and ''Literature/TheHungerGames'' all eventually evolved into Anti-[[EscapistCharacter Escapists Fantasies.]] Each series displayed either ItSucksToBeTheChosenOne or WarIsHell. And yet, since the protagonists are more or less successful in defeating the {{Big Bad}}s, the fandom at large wished they could be put in the protagonists' shoes.
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[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''{{Fringe}}'' would be this for the ParanormalInvestigation Genre.
* ''Series/PowerRangersRPM'' is somewhat in that it essentially [[{{Deconstruction}} Deconstructs]], or at least lampshades, many of [[PowerRangers the series]]' tropes ("sometimes when I morph, there's a giant fireball behind me," not to mention Venjix's real reason for sending in MonstersOfTheWeek), but also takes itself very seriously, to the point of being a {{Reconstruction}} following a DorkAge.
** Series/PowerRangersNinjaStorm likewise tries after the low-point that was ''Wild-Force'', by having lots of Lampshading and also trying to explain the 1 monster at a time deal (though they did it in a comedic way) and didn't seem to know if they were going to be serious or not, so it ended up failing, just like RPM.
* ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' was an Indecisive Deconstruction of the idea of TheChosenOne, alternating between ItSucksToBeTheChosenOne and SoWhatDoWeDoNow and points out that it would be very bad (both for Buffy and the universe as a whole) if she actually were normal. Eventually, it gets dealt with by introducing TheChosenMany.
* ''{{Glee}}'' contains elements that parody high school underdog story shows riddled with {{Glurge}}y {{Very Special Episode}}s, such as the DeadpanSnarker dialogue and the cast's DysfunctionJunction, while at the same time the lessons are supposed to be taken seriously and the show is intended to be heartfelt. And then there's the matter of whether you think the entire series is in fact an attempted deconstruction of the harmonious high-school community, showing how ridiculous it is for any group of teenagers to be in the same room singing along with happy smiles together ''without'' attempting to kill each other.
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[[folder:Theatre]]
* ''TitleOfShow'' starts out as a postmodern look at how musicals are made, pointing out and critiquing many of the common plot points. By the second act, however, it's more or less a melodrama about a theatre troupe who are totally falling apart, guys.
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[[folder:Video Games]]
* Most BioWare games do this with their various settings. ''KnightsOfTheOldRepublic'' for the ''Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse'', ''Franchise/DragonAge'' for Tolkienesque fantasy, etc. If a Trope isn't deconstructed, it's reconstructed, or parodied, or played straight with a {{lampshade|Hanging}} hung on it.
* The plot of ''VideoGame/{{Haze}}'' attempts to deconstruct the more arcade-style FPS' with military settings like ''{{Halo}}'' by trying to show what it would be like if war were like a video game. Specifically, all the "players" (soldiers) would be apparently be PsychopathicManchild JerkJock types [[{{Anvilicious}} deluding themselves into believing their side is morally perfect when in reality the moral conflicts of war aren't easily reducible to]] BlackAndWhiteMorality. However, only ''one side'' of the conflict is actually subjected to severe critical analysis; the initially-villains are shown to be borderline saints. Given the whole theme of the game is meant to be about the moral complexities of armed conflict, this [[BrokenAesop contradicts the point]].
** ZeroPunctuation made an additional point in this regard, discussing out [[TheyWastedAPerfectlyGoodPlot a major missed opportunity:]] when you switch sides, nothing changes about your squadmates' stats. Instead of trying to make a point about the invincibility of the former protagonists and how the severely outgunned rebels have to resort to cunning and trickery, the game simply "switches jerseys:" your rebel allies that were dying in two shots a mission ago can now heal back a burst from a rifle, while your power armored-allies now go down like mooks.
* ''VideoGame/HalfLife1'' can be read as a deconstruction of the TropeCodifier ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}''. The basic premise (an experiment into teleportation technology [[GoneHorriblyWrong goes horribly wrong]]) is basically the same as Doom. Like Doom, there is very little plot exposition. But unlike Doom, ''Half-Life'' showed you exactly how terrifying this kind of scenario would be if it happened in the [[RealLife Real World]]; you must think and ''not'' act like a stereotypical SpaceMarine in order to remain alive. And of course, this kind of experiment would require immense levels of government funding. Necessitating a large covert laboratory. And thus, when everything goes wrong the military have to be called in to ''keep'' things covert. However, the developers have at no point implied any critical intent. Thus, ''Half-Life'' is arguably an unintentional deconstruction.
** Of course, once the initial shock of being a scientist as opposed to a Marine wears off, it goes the opposite direction, and the game never tries to justify the protagonist's (who had never seen Day One of action prior to all hell breaking loose) ease of mowing down wave after wave of aliens and Marines beyond that he has a special suit. The [[VideoGame/HalfLife2 second game]] goes even farther away from a deconstruction, presenting the protagonist as TheChosenOne who never expresses any qualms about killing the countless adversaries in his path, even though he had never killed anyone before the Resonance Cascade happened.
* For that matter, both ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoIV'' and ''RedDeadRedemption'' also count. Both games are attempts by Rockstar to show the life of a gangster and outlaw as being completely horrific, with characters that are trying to redeem themselves from those lifestyles. This might work... if it weren't for the fact that more than likely, all the player will want to do is, well, ''embrace'' those lifestyles in the game and just have fun.
** While it's definitely LighterAndSofter than ''IV'', ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoV'' may be an even more severe example. The tone is much lighter and the organized crime aspects in general are shone in a much more flattering light, but somehow that just makes the darker aspects of the story all the more jarring. For example, Michael has a completely dysfunctional family life and a mountain of debt he owes to a government agent after striking a deal to escape his life of crime, culminating in Michael and his partners later being forced to [[spoiler:torture and kill]] on the government's behalf in order to return the favor, and two of the game's three endings requiring Franklin to [[spoiler:murder one of his closest partners.]] And don't even get us started on Trevor.
* ''FarCry3'' attempts to show the slow devolution of a protagonist into madness. On the other hand, he never seems too crazy and this is the only way to rescue his friends.
* Despite ''FinalFantasyVII''[='=]s deconstruction of many trope ([[HeroicSacrifice Aerith's death]], [[NinetiesAntiHero Cloud]] just to name a few), it has been jeered by many people to be just your generic EasternRPG with cliches that maybe, ironically, ''were'' the deconstruction. While it is more a case of SeinfeldIsUnfunny, ''FFVII'' has a vibe that's still same with a usual RPG (quite upbeat), and the DarkerAndEdgier feeling later that's usually presented with the Deconstructed work in the first place's usually waved off as just those CerebusSyndrome for still not dark enough. It doesn't help that the fanbase itself rarely realized it and the deconstruction maybe mistaken as an attempt to make a new trope.
* From the beginning ''{{Franchise/Halo}}'''s backstory had subversive elements. The awesome action hero Master Chief turns out to be that way because he was indoctrinated since childhood on how to kill. His OneManArmy status is irrelevant against an enemy who uses OrbitalBombardment. The unified human civilization of the future turns out to be not a benevolent federation but an authoritarian near-empire that just happens to be fighting aliens who are even worse. And sheer willpower by humanity turns out to be incapable of winning the war; humanity only survives because on an EnemyCivilWar tangentially related to this conflict that splits the invasion apart. If one just plays the games, though, the story appears like a straight "power of humans" tale, though later games are unifying the game stories and backstory more.
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