[[quoteright:300:[[Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaStrikerS http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/NanohaStrikersCast.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:300:Is every single adult male in Mid-Childa a [[DraftDodging draft dodger?]]]]
->''"Man, and I thought there were too many girls here ''before...''"''
-->-- '''Yukinari''', ''Manga/GirlsBravo''

An '''Improbably Female Cast''' is when a work's cast almost entirely consists of women in a situation where this would be unusual. For example, a supposedly mixed-sex school where females make up more than two thirds of the students.

It has been argued that the main reasons for a work choosing to have an Improbably Female Cast are: they target [[AllMenArePerverts a male demographic]], with {{fanservice}} and the possibility of [[GirlOnGirlIsHot girl-girl interaction]]; or they target a female audience that is more likely to empathize with a predominantly female cast. Confusion between these two motivations can easily result in a PeripheryDemographic for both types of show.

Or, wackily enough, the writer simply wanted to tell a story featuring mostly women... and was able to avoid ExecutiveMeddling and do so. The mere existence of this trope as something worthy of note (but the dearth of actual examples) is remarkably telling -- no comparable trope exists for an 'improbably' male-dominated cast, despite the vast majority of media properties being overtly unbalanced in favour of male characters. The closest thing to it is TheSmurfettePrinciple, where there is ''only one'' female in a cast of males.

If the cast is predominantly male, no matter how improbably so, it is usually simply referred to as 'a story', and no justification is ever required for the glaring lack of female characters.

Closely related to WorldOfActionGirls, which facilitates the abundance of females. Any examples of casts made up exclusively of female characters (regardless of how improbable) fall under ChromosomeCasting.

For when an entirely female society is used as a setting, see LadyLand. If the complete cast only ''looks'' female, you might have a case of OtokonokoGenre.



[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''Anime/GalaxyAngel'', aside from the cute boy Twin Stars and a middle-aged commander, is noticeably devoid of men. This role is usually performed by Forte whenever a gag requires a "male" equivalent, something she eventually starts complaining about. Broccoli (the production company) sometimes lampshades this in gags, notably the prince who kidnaps Milfeulle and a flashback to [[Anime/DiGiCharat Usada]]'s father, who are obviously women in really transparent disguises.
* ''Franchise/LyricalNanoha'' :
** Despite the series having LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters the number of male characters can be counted on one hand despite the city supposedly having an even number of males and females. A number of male characters have also had their screen-time reduced over the course of the show: Chrono got shipped off with (new character) Griffith to MissionControl; there's a whole [[MemeticMutation meme]] about Yuuno slowly losing his screentime once he stopped being [[TalkingAnimal a cute talking ferret]]; and Zafira suffered an even worse fate, since he has apparently been trapped permanently in his animal form since the beginning of [[Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaStrikerS the third season]]; even when severely injured and bedridden in the infirmary, he's still in wolf form.
** ''[[Manga/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaViVid ViVid]]'' takes this a step further, with a cast that only includes females. Erio and Zafira (in a brief cameo) are the only named male characters to have made an appearance in the entire manga.
* ''Anime/QueensBlade'', given the target audience and premise of the franchise, this is not surprising. There are only a few male characters in the whole franchise.
* For some reason all the mecha pilots in ''Anime/SkyGirls'' are cute young girls. There's a reason males of the right age aren't around, but you'd think they'd be able to find people out of their teens.
* In ''Manga/SilentMobius'', the special agents battling the monsters/demons from another dimension are all women. At one point, their leader offers some sort of philosophical justification about women being able to bear children and thus being the key to the future. It doesn't really hold water, especially since one of the agent is a cyborg and most certainly unable to become pregnant.
* ''Manga/KuroganePukapukaTai'' manages to have only one recurring male character, the old, Zen Master-like Captain of the ''Unebi''. No explanation is given except that the cruiser's intended crew were all taken ill with typhoid and a substitute crew had to be found; why these would be all women is not explained, although a shortage of military-age men in 1943 might be one.
* Yamabuki High School in ''Manga/HidamariSketch'' is supposed to be coeducational, but males happened to only occupy a third of the student body. The only recurring male characters in the series is just the principal and an art teacher.
* Parodied in the ''Anime/ExcelSaga'' episode "Increase Ratings Week", in which all the female characters are drawn in {{moe}} style (as they go to a swimming pool, which just so happens to be populated by characters catering to nearly every fetish imaginable) and all the male characters are forced offscreen (much to their displeasure).
* The OneHundredAndEight battle aliens of ''Manga/{{Sekirei}}'' are almost entirely female, with only four known males out of the more than 50 already introduced. The males are all insanely pretty {{Bishonen}}, and one [[spoiler:ends up becoming a GenderBender because of his unstable powers]].
* In ''Manga/YuruYuri'' males are almost never depicted, even in scenes where they show a random crowd of people.
* In ''Anime/HyperDimensionNeptuniaTheAnimation'', there are almost no male characters, aside from villains. Even virtually all of the civilians throughout the show are women.
* ''Manga/SakuraTrick'' actually takes place in a co-ed school, but since it's a {{Yuri}} show, it's very easy to mistake it for a OneGenderSchool. The boys are conveniently all on the opposite side of the classroom, and so OutOfFocus that even when they appear, they're FacelessMasses.
* ''Manga/GunslingerGirl'' explains why all the assassin's are children [[note]]Older minds are unable to adjust to the cyborg process. Younger minds are more flexible, and they still have trouble.[[/note]], but it never explains why there aren't any young boy assassins.
* There are no major males in the ''Manga/SchoolLive'' anime, only unnamed characters in flashbacks and zombie males present time. It's justifiable at first, as the cast is under six people surviving isolated in a ZombieApocalypse. Later in the manga more humans are introduced, and over forty chapters in we meet major male characters.
* Aside from a few background characters and possibly Taisha members, there are no male characters in ''Anime/YukiYunaIsAHero''. The cast is made up of a few MagicalGirlWarrior characters and little else.
* Enforced, somewhat, with ''Main/InfiniteStratos''. For reasons that are never fully explained, the cutting-edge PoweredArmor that has rendered almost every other weapon on Earth obsolete, can only be piloted by women. Except for Ichika, TheOneGuy who FellIntoTheCockpit and found out he can pilot one as well.

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* ''Small Favors'' only shows women even during the crowd scenes of a supposedly normal city with a supposedly equal number of males and females.
* Invoked in Creator/DCComics's {{Animesque}} series ''Toys/AmeComiGirls''. The series follows DC's superheroines and supervillainesses.
* Enforced in issue 100 of ''ComicBook/BirdsOfPrey'' when Oracle decides to enlarge the team after Black Canary's departure. She recruits only female agents, even though a) she had recruited male agents in previous issues (Savant, Creote, Wildcat) and b) even though it would have made a lot of sense to recruit certain male agents (the mission was to break someone out of prison, and Oracle recruited Barda Free but not her husband Scott Free, the world's greatest escape artist, without any explanation as to why Scott was unavailable).
** ''BirdsOfPrey'' is also an example of the PeripheryDemographic that an all-female casts can invoke. Is it a series written for girls by having an all-female superhero team? Or is the audience mostly men who read for the attractive female characters and the occasional GirlOnGirlIsHot? Some men expressed suspicion when [[SuddenlySexuality Black Canary was made bisexual]] because of this, despite the female writer Gail Simone having repeatedly commented on the importance of organic media representation of all kind of gender & sexuality.

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' contains about [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters 130 characters]], yet only two named male characters have ever appeared in the games, both of which are not humanoid, and the ExpandedUniverse contains one mildly notable NonActionGuy who narrates a series of short stories. [[WordOfGod Statements from ZUN]] imply that this is less of a personal decision and more implicitly enforced, as ''Touhou'' has become so strongly linked with "[[CuteMonsterGirl cute girls]] [[LittleMissBadass beating the snot out of each other]]" that adding any men would wreck that dynamic. He mentioned that the FinalBoss of ''Undefined Fantastic Object'' was originally going to be Byakuren's brother Myouren, but then decided the FinalBoss of a ''Touhou'' game being an old man would be weird. In later games, Miko is a {{Gender Flip}}ped [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Sh%C5%8Dtoku Prince Shotoku]], and Shinmyoumaru is based on [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Issun-b%C5%8Dshi Issun-boshi]].
* Kenji of ''VisualNovel/KatawaShoujo'' lampshades how unlikely it is that such a huge percentage of the students at the Protagonist's school aren't just girls, but cute girls as well... Being [[ConspiracyTheorist himself]], he of course ties it to the great "Feminist Conspiracy" he's always ranting about.
* ''VideoGame/GalaxyAngel'', much like [[Anime/GalaxyAngel the anime]]. The men are put in MissionControl, with an UnluckyEverydude, his [[TheLancer Lancer]] and best friend, and various crew members that are either old {{mentors}} or cute little boys, [[spoiler:and one of those boys is a SweetPollyOliver.]]
* ''VideoGame/SenranKagura'' has an entirely female (and [[{{Gainaxing}} incredibly bouncy]]) playable cast, despite two of the major factions explicitly accepting anyone who walks in off the street. However, it's repeatedly stated that it's not like men can't become Shinobi, two important support characters are retired men, and active male shnobi appear as unnamed [=NPCs=] during story sequences. It's just that the handful of focus stundents from each school happen to be female.\\
This trope actually affected the nomenclature used, at least in official English releases. The characters are [[InsistentTerminology always]] referred to as Shinobi. While Kunoichi is an accepted reasonably well-known term for female ninja, it carries the connotation of using [[HoneyTrap deception and feminine wiles]], which Shinobi [[ActionGirl just don't do]].

[[folder: Web Comics ]]
* In the first chapter of ''Webcomic/AlphaShade'', set in a war, nearly all the important soldiers on ''both'' sides were women, although crowd photos appeared to be mostly male.
* In ''Webcomic/{{Earthsong}}'' 8 of the 9 protagonists are female. The author was rather angry when this drew complaints and / or suggestions of not being realistic, and pointed out how common TheSmurfettePrinciple is, plus the fact that said cast is drawn from multiple species on multiple planets.
* ''Webcomic/EerieCuties'': Though [[AllGhoulsSchool Charybdis Heights]] is Co-Ed, the comic's main cast is mostly female, with Ace and Blair being two of the series few recurring male characters.

[[folder:Web Original]]
* In ''WebVideo/CarmillaTheSeries'' most of the residents of the apartment block where Camilla lives are women, and only two or three men have been seen on-screen (depending on whether [[HauntedTechnology JP]] counts as an appearance).
** Played with in the case of [[AmbiguousGender LaFontaine]], who per WordOfGod is non-binary, but so far hasn't come out to the rest of the cast in-universe.

[[folder: Western Animation ]]
* Out of over 60 recurring characters on ''Franchise/MyLittlePony'', only ''three'' are male. And except for Spike, all of them were invented solely for the TV series. There ''are'' male ponies, but they only show up in one story; they've been on "a race around the world" the entire rest of the series. According to one of the comics, the baby ponies come out of [[AWizardDidIt Majesty's magic mirror]].
* Likewise, in ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'' the entire primary cast aside from Spike (again) are female. The supporting cast has a more equal gender balance, although it also leans female.