A {{chord progression}}, made famous by Creator/AntoninDvorak's piano solo piece "Humoresque", in which this features in the middle section.

The original progression is in a [[{{tonality}} minor key]], and runs as follows: i VI VII III. The effect is a temporary toniciziation of the relative major key--in other words, the music temporarily sounds like it's going to the relative major key. This is frequently followed a chord like v or VII, and even if not, repeated instances of this progression. This progression is used in ways similar to the use of the first four chords of the CircleOfFifths in a minor key (i iv VII III).

However, that may be hard to distinguish from its relative major key, and would in fact count as vi IV V I if in major, making this a variant of TheFourChordsOfPop. In this case, this functions as a derivative of the AuthenticCadence (V I). And again, it tends to be repeated a lot...often using the same transition chord, too (iii, which is the same as v in the relative minor).

Tends to show up a lot in {{Anime Theme Song}}s.

This list contains both relative minor (i VI VII III) and relative major (vi IV V I) examples.

!!Relative minor examples (i VI VII III)
* The trope namer is Dvořák's "Humoresque" #7 in G flat major. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WmAZoexenx8&t=1m19s This link]] goes to the middle section of the piece, where it most famously appears.
* Briefly in the first movement of Creator/LudwigVanBeethoven's [[BeethovenViolinConcerto violin concerto]], when the [[SonataForm second theme]] temporarily goes to minor.
* Music/MikeOldfield includes this progression in his famous song "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qLTrNl02cNM Moonlight Shadow]]". Listen to the first four chords when the voice comes in. Listen to them repeat.
* From the ''''VideoGame/MegaManX4'' soundtrack:
** the prologue theme in the Japanese version: YukieNakama, "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gWuHmlWn-bs Makenai ai ga kitto aru]]"
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kgHySggqItE Storm Owl's stage theme]], which is [[IncrediblyLamePun composed]] entirely of this progression. Each loop consists entirely of 18 instances of this progression spanning two keys (A minor and C sharp minor).
** Part of [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mu8-7lBISyM Jet Stingray's stage theme]], starting at 0:14, contains two instances of this progression.
* The theme tune of the two ''[[VisualNovel/EfAFairyTaleOfTheTwo Ef]]'' series.
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyX'': When the main melody of "To Zanarkand" comes in.
* "Heart of Gold" by Music/NeilYoung, when the harmonica comes in, and again when the voice comes in.
* The opening theme of ''Anime/StellviaOfTheUniverse'', "Asu e no Brilliant Road" by Angela, right at the beginning and subsequently the beginning of each chorus.
* Two phrases (1:21 and 3:06) in the middle of the "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y-HXjvmcLa8 Chess]]" piece from ''Theatre/{{Chess}}'' uses this progression. At other times it follows the traditional CircleOfFifths and uses iv instead of VI.
* The ending theme of ''Anime/KiddyGrade'', "Future", features this in the chorus.
* The ''VideoGame/TalesOfSymphonia'' animé theme "Starry Heavens" has this at the beginning of the song and of the chorus.
* Talk Talk's "It's My Life" in the prechorus.
* The chorus of Music/BonJovi's "Livin' on a Prayer".
* Near the end of the first boss battle theme of the ''Manga/MagicKnightRayearth'' {{SNES}} RPG.
* In the ''VideoGame/MegaManLegends'' soundtrack, the insert song "Your Wind is Blowing", combines the HumoresqueProgression with the CircleOfFifths, by changing one chord of the latter so that the former is embedded in it.
* The first half of the verse of "Time After Time" by MaiKuraki.
* The beginning of the verse of "Take a Shot" from ''Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha''.
* Near the beginning of "Koi no Minoru Densetsu" from ''Manga/LuckyStar'', when the guitars come in. (But ''not'' the song it's a parodying, "Koi no Mikuru Densetsu" from ''Haruhi''.)
* The verse of "Forever", the opening theme of ''Manga/ElementalGelade'', by SavageGenius.
* The beginning of the title theme of ''VideoGame/MonsterTale'', though it uses a major I chord rather than a minor i chord as is standard (Amaj Fmaj Gmaj Cmaj, rather than Amin Fmaj Gmaj Cmaj).
* "Where I Come From" by Montgomery Gentry (verses)
* Dido - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1TO48Cnl66w "Thank You"]] (verses), and [[{{Sampling}} by extension]], Music/{{Eminem}} - [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MaFrcDsU8cA "Stan"]].

!!Relative major examples (vi IV V I):
* "So Serious" by Music/ElectricLightOrchestra: chorus
* {{apple41}}: "[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yne85uw_W8M Puzzle]]", composed for Music/{{vocaloid}} Miku Hatsune: intro and chorus
* The first part of the chorus to REO Speedwagon's "Take It on the Run."
* The fourth (and final) ending theme of ''Anime/EurekaSeven'', "Canvas" by {{COOLON}}.
* "Crash Into Me" by Music/DaveMatthewsBand.
* "Time Is Love" by Josh Turner.
* Examples from contemporary Christian music: the choruses of "Knocking on Heaven's Door" by Avalon and "Facts Are Facts" by Steven Curtis Chapman
* "Becoming Popular (the Pony Everypony Should Know)" from ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic''
* The chorus of "Something Happened on the Way to Heaven" by Music/PhilCollins
* The chorus of Belinda Carlyle's "Heaven Is a Place on Earth"
* No one's brought up the ''VideoGame/SuperMarioWorld'' [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ORWGZrFHh-w Athletic theme yet]]? In this one, however, The first two chords are major and minor, respectively, instead the other way around.
* Toni Braxton - "I Love Me Some Him". This is another variant, with the second chord being ii instead of IV.
* Music/UtadaHikaru's "Can You Keep a Secret?" does the same.
* As does [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QVi6j8OEk94 the velvet room theme]] in the [[{{Franchise/ShinMegamiTenseiPersona}} Persona]] games.
* [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zvoncs3EUeg EXEC_REBIRTHIA=PROTOCOL/.]] from [[VideoGame/ArTonelicoQogaKnellOfArCiel Ar Tonelico 3]] does it as well, sounding [[SuspiciouslySimilarSong suspiciously similar]] to the Velvet Room theme as a result.