[[quoteright:330:[[Film/TheCourtJester http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/princess_gwendolyn.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:330:The bodice, hairstyle, makeup, and tan lines are more accurate for [[TheFifties 1955]], not [[TheHighMiddleAges 1255]].]]

A SubTrope of HollywoodHistory related to period dress. Due to factors ranging from budget to ArtisticLicense to downright TheyJustDidntCare, period costuming in shows and movies is just plain inaccurate half the time (although most of the time there are some minor mistakes). Sometimes it's justified by RealityIsUnrealistic, sometimes not.

Sometimes costumes are mostly accurate, but from the wrong time. Sometimes the costumes are based more on the styles of the time the work was made than when they take place. Sometimes the costume designers will just make completely original outfits having almost nothing to do with the historical fashions. If you want to do a PimpedOutDress, sometimes you just need to follow the general lines of the time, and then go wild.

This doesn't just include clothing and accessories, but also makeup and hair.

This is actually OlderThanPrint. Consider a lot of paintings depicting Biblical or mythological scenes in medieval or Renaissance dress, or the fact that many Victorian reprints of Jane Austen's work had new illustrations depicting the characters in modest Victorian clothing rather than the comparatively skimpy light muslin dresses of the regency era.

Note that to count, it has to take place in our history, not a neo-historical future or a FantasyCounterpartCulture.

A SuperTrope to GorgeousPeriodDress.

Often overlaps with FashionDissonance, PresentDayPast (when the sets, props, and costuming are not historical at all), CostumePorn, and FashionsNeverChange. Some instances may be caused by NewerThanTheyThink. Extreme cases can lead to WTHCostumingDepartment.

Not to be confused with HollywoodDressCode or HollywoodStyle.
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!!Examples:

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[[folder: Comics ]]


* In ''Comicbook/{{Asterix}}'', the Gaulish women dress much more like women from the 1950s, with bias-cut and fishtail skirts as the standard (with some teenage girl background characters wearing circle skirts). In reality, Gaulish women dressed very similarly to Gaulish men, though usually with longer clothes. This is lampshaded in a strip drawn by Uderzo for ''Elle'' magazine in which the narration describes historically accurate Gaulish fashion while Geriatrix's wife is posing about looking like a 1950s movie star. She even has a beehive hairstyle, while all the other Gaulish women have historically accurate (but timeless) long or plaited hair. Cacofonix's slowly evolving design caused him to end up with something of a 1970s retro-50s hairstyle around the time that this was happening in RealLife, but this is definitely intentional and [[BornInTheWrongCentury based on his personality]]. Almost definitely unintentional is that the shoes worn by the Gauls would be more at home in the 11th Century.
** One story hinges on a StrawFeminist liberating the village women by persuading them to wear trousers rather than skirts. Historical Armorican women and men both wore trousers under layers of tunics - it's much warmer, and northwestern Europe is cold.
** Used for deliberate stereotyping in other cases, though - Asterix's Britannic cousin Anticlimax wears baggy tweed trousers (as the historical Britons did) but his shoes have long ties that wrap tightly around his legs up to below the knee, giving his trousers the distinctive shape of plus-fours.
** A Turkish woman in ''Asterix and the Magic Carpet'' is dressed in a burqa, which is strange as the story takes place in 50BC.

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[[folder: Film ]]

* Picture comes from ''Film/TheCourtJester'', which is a spoof of Medieval {{Swashbuckler}}s, which included following the style of costuming in those films.
* Vivien Leigh's obviously 20th century makeup job as Scarlett O'Hara in ''GoneWithTheWind''. However, it's a fairly good example of ShownTheirWork in regard to costuming.
* [[http://i33.tinypic.com/qpjrl4.jpg This picture]] of Rose Hobart as Anne Neville (with Basil Rathbone as [[RichardOfGloucester Richard III]]) in 1939's ''Tower of London''. Mostly it's that NiceHat. Heart shaped headresses are known as Mary Stuart caps for a reason and Mary was born some sixty years after Anne's death.
* The Creator/LaurenceOlivier version of ''Film/PrideAndPrejudice'' with all the women in antebellum hoop skirts, when Creator/JaneAusten wrote her books a couple decades earlier. According to legend, the dresses are recycled from ''Film/GoneWithTheWind''.
* ''[[Film/ThreeHundred 300]]'' goes by ancient Greek artwork rather than period-accurate fashions, as does the original graphic novel.
* In the 1947 film version of ''Good News'' (set in TheRoaringTwenties), the men's costumes are roughly period-appropriate, but the women's hair and clothes are [[PresentDayPast contemporary]].
* There was, at one point, an exhibit at the Los Angeles County Art Museum dedicated to Hollywood "historical" costuming, showing actual costumes from various productions. The three Cleopatra costumes (1917, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ThedaBara-Cleopatra.jpg Theda Bara]]; 1939, [[http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_94wGm5Prdv0/ShpH-X_wBlI/AAAAAAAADR8/uN-q8Q2n0aY/ Claudette Colbert]]; and 1963, [[http://threadforthought.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/Elizabeth-Taylor-as-Cleopatra-in-gold-1963.jpg Elizabeth Taylor]]) were particularly fun to compare. Caudette Colbert's version is the least inaccurate.
* In ''Literature/AuntieMame'' (at least the first film adaptation), many outfits don't even try to look like the 20s or 30s.
* The plot of the Doris Day film ''Tea for Two'' revolves around the stock market crash of 1929, but the fashions are vintage 1950. Made worse by the fact that the movie [[BookEnds opens and closes]] [[FlashForward years later]] with Doris's children going through a trunk of old clothing and laughing at their parents' [[TheRoaringTwenties Roaring Twenties]] outfits, which they never actually wore onscreen!
* ''Pocketful Of Miracles''
* Ralphie's mother in "AChristmasStory" sports a 70s style perm despite the story being set in the 40s. And that's even weirder when you remember that the movie was filmed in [[TheEighties 1982]]! An early case of [[TwoDecadesBehind Still The Seventies]], perhaps?
* ''Film/{{Braveheart}}'', mostly for the Scots. Specifically, they wear the belted plaid, a piece of clothing that would not emerge for several centuries, and in a manner which is entirely ahistorical- one historian described it as the equivalent of Cromwell's Roundheads wearing modern business suits with the jackets back-to-front.
* Every woman in ''Film/TheTenCommandments'' has obviously 1950s hair and makeup.
* Similarly, despite the accurate period costumes, the women in ''Film/MeetMeInStLouis'' (made in 1944, set in 1904) have obviously 1940s hairstyles.
* Pick a {{Dracula}} movie. Any Dracula movie.
** 1931's ''Film/{{Dracula|1931}}'' can ''mostly'' be excused from this- the whole story got a period [[SettingUpdate update]] from TheGayNineties to the time the story was filmed, which today may seem odd but at the time was simply PragmaticAdaptation along the lines of moving a story set in the 1960s to the 2010s. By this logic, Mina and Lucy's bobbed haircuts, heavy makeup and long narrow dresses make sense. What ''doesn't'' work, though, is Dracula's ancient "brides" having similarly sleek, short hair.
** The HammerHorror series (and unrelated [[SpiritualSuccessor spiritual successors]] like ''Film/TheFearlessVampireKillers'') are all apparently set in {{Uberwald}} circa 1965. Try finding ''one'' of these films where the women's hairstyles aren't some architectural combination of GibsonGirl poufs and 1960s half-updone bouffants and their dresses aren't some weird gestalt silhouette that ''only'' existed in sixties impressions of the nineteenth century.
** ''Film/DraculaAD1972'', their SettingUpdate that was actually made at the time it was set, ''inverts'' this. Drac's latest victim drifts about in a very-chic-by-early-70s-standards combination fluffy bob/long-in-the-back haircut and a standard diaphanous pseudo-Victorian shift.
** ''Film/BramStokersDracula'' is a weird case. Lucy and Mina wear painstakingly carefully designed late-Victorian gowns about 80% of the time, with appropriate hairstyles to match, even when the costumes are ugly by modern standards (Lucy's [[http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_aaKHMZWD19g/TFiIVoAVPLI/AAAAAAAABNk/JgC0v-_LPwc/s1600/lucy.BMP direly frumpy wedding dress]] comes to mind). But when the RuleOfSymbolism flies in, accuracy goes straight out the window, resulting in a few costumes that are just off the wall.
* Pick any movie set in the 1600s or 1700s made up until the sixties and early seventies, and you'll mostly find dresses with very modest cleavage or no cleavage at all. The 17th-18th century fashions were ''obsessed'' with pushed-up boobs and massive cleavage and for a brief period during the 18th century, some ladies of the French court even exposed one breast completely to look fashionable. So much so that one modest 18th century woman (Frances Burney) chose to have her portrait painted with what was for then a ''very'' conservative neckline - and it's still more daring than most of what you see in 1940s movies.
* Mostly averted in Film/DoctorZhivago, but all the women have very 60s hair.
* In the ''ClashOfTheTitans'' remake, the Greek Gods have Medieval European suits of armors. Yes, from the High Middle Ages- complete with armor plates. The Greek Goddesses and the civilians do wear Hellenic costumes, though. So it is part Hollywood Costuming, and part ''AnachronismStew''.
* In Roger Ebert's [[http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19910503/REVIEWS/105030304/1023 review]] of ''Film/{{Spartacus}}'', the film, he criticizes the hair and makeup of the female characters (especially that of the rich, spoiled Roman women at the beginning of the film, who looked like they stepped out of a 1960's hair salon.)
* You'd think the ''{{Titanic}}'' had sailed and sunk in 1997 based on Jack's hair in the movie.
* Deliberately done in ''Disney/{{Tangled}}'', where Goethel's wardrobe is intentionally designed to look several centuries out of date compared to everyone else's clothing, hinting that [[{{Immortality}} she's been around much longer than she appears]].
* The costume designer for AKnightsTale clearly didn't bother with research - fair enough considering the ahistorical character of the movie.
* Parodied in ''Film/TimeBandits''. Our heroes discover that Robin Hood's Merry Men are disgusting, filthy dwellers of TheDungAges. Then Robin himself emerges in a spotless lincoln green tunic and tights straight out of an old Errol Flynn movie.
* Disney's ''Disney/SleepingBeauty'' has Aurora in a dress fitting 1950s high fashion, not the 1300s.

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[[folder: Literature ]]

* When Thackeray was drawing the illustrations to his own novel, ''Literature/VanityFair'', set in the Creator/JaneAusten era, he appended a note to the text explicitly stating, "I have not the heart to disfigure my heroes and heroines by costumes so hideous," (!) and so clothed them in the fashions of the years of the novel's serial publication (1847-1848).
* In ''Literature/HarryPotterAndThePhilosophersStone'', Creator/JKRowling has her "Nearly Headless Nick" wearing a ruff to hide the disjunction between his head and neck. Unfortunately, she states in ''Literature/HarryPotterAndTheChamberOfSecrets'' that Nick was executed in 1492, a good fifty years before the ruff was commonly worn. (The film versions depict Nick in the high style of the 1590s, a good hundred years after his supposed death; blame that on the first book as well, where Nick claimed that he'd been dead for "nearly four hundred years".)

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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Series/DrQuinnMedicineWoman'' did this, although to a much milder degree than the other historical inaccuracies of the show.
* Debatable how accurate most of the costuming in ''Series/{{Rome}}'' is, but the Egyptian costuming, as well as sets, were totally off. Egypt was a Hellenistic nation at the time, as were many Mediterranean nations after Alexander the Great conquered them.
** According to the director's commentary they were perfectly aware of the historical circumstances, they were simply going for RuleOfCool, while at the same time trying hard to distance themselves from other well-known and stereotypical depictions of Egypt.
* The costuming in ''TheTudors'' won an Emmy, but if you value your sanity do not claim it's historically accurate on any Internet re-enactment board or discussion list.
* On ''Series/{{Charmed}}'', there are occasionally scenes and episodes where the sisters travel to colonial Salem, or where people from that period come to the present. And there is a conspicuous amount of cleavage shown. Those puritans probably wouldn't have been shown exposing that much skin.
* Practically every male in ''Series/LittleHouseOnThePrairie'' had a [[TheSeventies 1970s]] hairstyle - shaggy mops for boys, ''perms'' on adult men. (Women and girls tied their hair back)
* Some of Morgana's dresses on ''Series/{{Merlin}}'' could be worn to a modern-day cocktail party without attracting much comment.
* A minor, intentional one in Film/{{Spartacus}}. The Romans wear very authentic roman soldier uniforms, but at the time Spartacus lived that outfit would not exist for another 70 years. The developers knew this but decided to go with the iconic look to make it feel more Rome-ish. Considering the already highly stylized nature of the series this is probably a good thing.
* ''Series/{{MASH}}'' had hairstyles that looked like they didn't even care that every male looked like he was from the 1970s off the street, rather than a soldier in the 1950s.
* Every girl on HogansHeroes had extremely 60's/70's hair and make up.
* Same goes for much of the ladies' clothing in UpstairsDownstairs.
* ''HappyDays'': When the series started out, the characters wore 1950s fashions and hairstyles, but by the fifth season (1977-1978), the cast looked like they were indeed from the 1970s but somehow got warped back to the 1950s. This trend continued into the 1980s, with the characters wearing hairstyles and clothing appropriate for the early {{MTV}} era rather than the early 1960s.

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[[folder: Pinball ]]

* In Creator/DataEast's ''[[Pinball/TimeMachineDataEast Time Machine]],'' the four passengers from TheFifties, TheSixties, TheSeventies, and TheEighties are each dressed in iconic outfits for their respective eras.

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[[folder: Theatre ]]

* In theater more than a century or so older, there wasn't even an effort to be accurate in the costuming. You would see Cleopatra in petticoats and [[RequisiteRoyalRegalia an ermine cape]] and Mark Anthony in a doublet and tights.
* Christine's frizzy EightiesHair in [[http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1107/810149102_411af0bb18.jpg the original production of]] ''ThePhantomOfTheOpera'' (though, that could be an homage to [[http://www.goldensilents.com/stars/normankerrymaryphiblinphantom.jpg the 1925 silent film]] too, which would not necessarily still be this, as Mary Philbin's hair was naturally that wavy and was up for most of the film), although the visual designer of the original production stated it was supposed to be styled after the hairstyles seen [[http://preraphaelitesisterhood.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/12/helen-of-troy.jpg in pre-Raphaelite paintings]]. Over the years, this has evolved into much [[http://www.sanfranciscosentinel.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/12/phantom-1-2.jpg tidier]] ringlets.

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[[folder: Video Games ]]

* Some [[http://garmonbozialayercake.blogspot.com/2010/11/i-started-playing-assassins-creed.html folks]] have pointed out that Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood generally has pretty good costuming, except when it comes to [[http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_dktJmHQGu_Q/TOPx_tINrfI/AAAAAAAAACM/jAeWfql6hHg/s1600/Undies.JPG underwear]].
* ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3SnakeEater'' is set in the 1960s and mostly accurate, particularly with EVA's distinctively 60s hair and makeup, and Para-Medic's various outfits being period accurate. However, there is no way Naked Snake would be able to get away with wearing his hair like that in 1964. This was an intentional decision by the creators to make him look more like Solid Snake, [[spoiler:his clone.]]

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[[folder: Multiple media ]]

* Because the KingArthur legend kept getting more and more embellished [[OlderThanPrint all through the Middle Ages]] and up to the present day, [[AnachronismStew adaptations]] almost always depict the characters wearing properly impressive medieval armor and clothing that would not have existed in the 6th century. Most do restrict themselves to chain mail rather than plate, but some -- notably ''Film/{{Excalibur}}'' -- go for shiny full plate by way of RuleOfCool (after all, it's not as if historical accuracy is really an issue in most King Arthur stories).
* Many depictions of Roman soldiers actually have them looking similar to [[AncientGrome Greek hoplites]]. The most popular Hollywood article is the Attic helmet, whereas Roman legionaries mostly used the Gallic helmet. Also, the primary weapon of legionaries was the ''sword''; the commonly depicted javelin/spear was a sidearm. Compare [[http://www.bradfitzpatrick.com/store/images/products/pc037-roman-soldier-clipart.jpg this]] to [[http://www.roman-glory.com/images/burn-gallery/img21.jpg this]].
** More technically, Roman Legionnaires are usually portrayed in their iconic [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/30/Roman_soldier_in_lorica_segmentata_1.jpg Lorica segmentata]], when for most of their history they used either the [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/68/Lorica_Hamata.jpg Lorica hamata]] (mail) of the Republican period, or the [[http://personales.ya.com/ad932102038/germanica/data/ut2mayo/images/IMGP2848.jpg Lorica squamata]] (scale armour) of the Late Imperial period. Additionally, they are usually depicted wearing the tunic typical of Mediterranean climates, while those in Northern provinces such as Britain and the German border often adopted [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d8/Roman_soldier_175_aC_in_northern_province.jpg barbarian trousers]]. This is largely because the Roman golden age, the "Pax Romana" took place when this was standard equipment, but it becomes a blatant case of artistic license when it is used in stories set in the time of Julius Caesar and Augustus, the armour having not been introduced until 9BC, thirty-five years after Caesar's death.
* ArabianNightsDays nearly always features a mishmash of Middle Eastern clothing, not all of which would have actually been worn at the same time in the same place. Of course, there's very little information available of what people in ancient and medieval Arabia would really have been wearing, but there are definitely clothes that ''can'' be pointed to as anachronisms. There is no room for accuracy in Instant Ali Baba Kits.

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