%% Both page quotes are needed for either to make sense.
->''"Remember that God created all men equal!"''
-->-- '''William Wilberforce''', abolitionist, in the film ''Film/AmazingGrace''
->''"[The poor should know] that their more lowly path has been allotted to them by the hand of God; that it is their part ... contentedly to bear its inconveniences."''
-->-- '''William Wilberforce''' in RealLife

OK, let's say you're still writing that movie, which is VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory. You've chosen a period of history that involves a lot of [[ViewersAreMorons exciting fight scenes and explosions so your audience won't fall asleep]] and now you need some main characters.

But there's a problem: most of the RealLife figures were [[GreyAndGreyMorality morally grey and complex people.]] How are you going to make sure that your audience knows who the [[DesignatedHero hero]] is?

Well, all you have to do is to pick someone who was on your side. If you're American, all you have to do is choose a heroic American. Or failing that, an Irishman or a Scotsman (just as long as they fought those dastardly Englishmen/Germans/Commies/Arabs). And if you're English, you'll want to support that brave and heroic King William the Conqueror against those treacherous English bas... Hey--[[ArtisticLicenseHistory wait a second...]]

But hang on. There's another problem. Your new hero doesn't quite fit our modern standards of goodness. Maybe he was a slave trader. Or a wife-beater. Or an openly admitted racial bigot. What are you going to do now?

Well, all you have to do is give your newfound hero a few [[PetTheDog Pet-the-Dog]] moments, [[HistoricalBeautyUpdate adjust his looks for modern tastes]] and [[PoliticallyCorrectHistory cut out]] or [[ArtisticLicenseHistory ignore]] anything of [[AlwaysMale his]] life that doesn't fit your artistic vision.

Note that just because this trope happens to a person does NOT mean that he was evil in RealLife; he is simply being portrayed more positively in the work of fiction than he was in RealLife.

Note that this trope isn't always played seriously; sometimes, a character will be retroactively turned into something on par with a MemeticBadass purely due to RuleOfCool, upgraded in ways that are obviously intended to go far beyond any real-world heroism. The most extreme examples of this, of course, often overlap with BeethovenWasAnAlienSpy.

This trope is the [[InvertedTrope opposite]] of a HistoricalVillainUpgrade, although many figures often get one of those as well in works with a different viewpoint. They may also appear alongside each other when applied to different people, to make the BlackAndWhiteMorality contrast even more obvious. May overlap with HistoricalBeautyUpdate, HistoricalBadassUpgrade, ValuesDissonance, PoliticallyCorrectHistory, BrokenPedestal and {{Flanderization}}.

When FanFic writers do this to a canon character, it's DracoInLeatherPants. When it's done with original characters in an adaptation of the source work, it's AdaptationalHeroism.



!!Examples using real people

[[folder:Media in General / Common Persons]]
* Recently some people have attempted to give this to Countess Elizabeth Báthory, one of the worst serial killers in history. Nicknamed the 'Blood Countess,' she is believed to be responsible for torturing hundreds of young women to death, but they only had the evidence to convict her for 80 of them. First with her husband and, after he died, as a solo killer with three friends acting as accomplices, she would order them into her dungeon and sadistically beat them. Despite having hundreds of witnesses testify that young women would regularly enter the castle and only their corpses would come out, some people still claim she was innocent and the victim of a conspiracy by the Catholic church and the Hapsburg empire that ruled Hungary at the time, claiming that they wanted her money and land, and did not like seeing a woman in power. There are a few problems with these theories: first, her crimes were reported by the Lutheran church (which she was a member of), secondly, the Hapsburg waited about a decade between the crimes being first reported and launching an investigation, and finally, she did not have any land, money, or direct power after her husband died: their son inherited his father’s land, and their eldest daughter acted as regent while he was a minor. While it is true that, as the wife, and later, mother of the Count, she had a lot of pull, she was technically powerless. About the only detail about her life that actually ''is'' certainly a myth are the rumours that she would [[BloodBath bathe in the blood of her many victims]]. On a related note, Báthory has the strange distinction of also receiving {{Historical Villain Upgrade}}s at the same time, as other works change her from the particularly depraved human being she was in real life to a vampire. Two sympathetic portrayals from recent movies are:
** ''Bathory'' took the position that she was completely innocent of any of the murders, and was really a kind and loving mother and ruler who was in the wrong place at the wrong time, and was the victim of the malicious slanders of greedy noblemen. That's not even getting into the ridiculousness of the monks spying on her.
** ''The Countess'' is similar, but with one main difference: Elizabeth Bathory is guilty of several murders. However, she is driven to it by circumstances, and an attempt to stay young and beautiful while she is in power. In this film, she is definitely a WoobieDestroyerOfWorlds. You still feel sorry for her and sympathize with what she is going through
* Wyatt Earp, in portrayals such as ''Film/MyDarlingClementine'' (1946) and ''The Life and Legend of Wyatt Earp'' (1955), is portrayed as the paragon of the Western lawman. Even more modern takes like ''Tombstone'' still can't uncouple themselves entirely from this image. Earp's legend likely in part derives from the fact that he acted as an "advisor" on a number of early Western movies - he was good at branding himself. The reality is somewhat more complicated. As a US Marshall, Earp had authority to deputize others and serve arrest warrants, but on the other hand, the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earp_Vendetta_Ride Earp Vendetta Ride]] which took place after the attempted assassination and actual assassination of two of his brothers was a clear example of frontier justice, with Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, and their deputized companions hunting down several outlaw Cowboys who they believed were responsible for the assassination and attempted assassination of his family members - a very clear conflict of interest. In the end, the Earp party arrested no one, killed four men, and fled Arizona to escape murder charges. However, it was widely believed in Tombstone that the local authorities were corrupt and would never bring the outlaw Cowboys to justice, even if they committed murder. Many regarded the Earps as heroes who were standing up to cattle-rustling, murderous outlaws, and in the end authorities outside of Tombstone decided not to extradite the Earp party back there to face murder charges.
* [[UsefulNotes/RichardTheLionheart King Richard I]] of England has entered mythology as Richard the Lionheart, paragon of knighthood, King Arthur come again. The real Richard was a deeply complex individual, warlike, greedy (according to one story, Richard claimed he would ''sell London'' to finance his wars if he could find a buyer), ''probably'' not actually an Anglophone, and not above stabbing someone in the back; this becomes a case of ValuesDissonance. Creator/TerryJones even claims that after he died records were calling him grasping and portraying him in a negative light, but John becoming the bad King means Richard changed back to being a good King. He did have a good sense of humor, being one of the few medieval kings of whom amusing quips are recorded. Not a cardboard villain, but not the cardboard angel of ''Literature/{{Ivanhoe}}'' and the ''Film/TheAdventuresOfRobinHood''.
* [[TheCaligula Vlad "the Impaler"]] was a particularly ruthless warlord who usually gets a HistoricalVillainUpgrade due to his association with Bram Stoker's novel ''Literature/{{Dracula}}''. However, he is also a celebrated national hero in Romania, since most of that ruthlessness was at the expense of their enemy, the Turks.
* Brutus
** While in ''Literature/TheDivineComedy'', Dante puts him as a great traitor in the deepest level of hell, Creator/WilliamShakespeare saw him as a man who died for the Republic's interests. For a long time the prevailing opinion among liberal-minded intellectuals that Brutus was a shining paragon of republicanism and Caesar a grasping tyrant. They probably patterned this off of his ancestor ''Lucius'' Brutus, slayer of the last king of Rome, who (if he actually existed) got a Historical Hero Upgrade in Roman historiography itself.
** That is an interpretation of what Shakespeare wrote. Given his lack of otherwise republican sympathies, it is possible that Shakespeare did not regard Caesar's accepting a crown as wicked, given he was not a usurper, and that he had Caesar's ghost haunt Brutus because it had been wrong to kill him.
** Plutarch wrote in his book of historical biographies, ''Parallel Lives'', that Brutus was the last great republican, so it isn't unambiguously a case of an upgrade. Although it should be noted Plutarch lived well over a century after the facts.
* Works about the French Revolution will often tend to cast Georges Danton as a moderate liberal revolutionary killed by the revolutionary excesses of the Reign of Terror. Not quite true. Danton was less enthusiastic about the Terror than many of the Jacobins, but unlike them he commanded huge respect and loyalty from the militant Parisian crowd, which was often even more extreme than the Jacobins. He was also quite corrupt, accepting bribes from foreign diplomats and lived a lavish lifestyle during a time of wartime deprivation and wide starvation, he was also quite willing to use violence to get what he wanted and it was him, not Robespierre, who built the instruments of the Terror : the Revolutionary tribunals, the Committee of Public Safety justifying it by saying that "let us be terrible so that people don't have to be."
* ''JeanneDArc'', of course, does this to Joan of Arc. Another, more peculiar example lies in Gilles de Rais, who was an infamous serial killer in real life, but here he is one of Joan's most steadfast allies. By all accounts he WAS a loyal French royalist AND a savage, possibly, Satanic murderer. The two aren't incompatible. That, and there is no small amount of dispute over WHEN his murders started.
** Creator/MarkTwain's ''Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc, [[LiteraryAgentHypothesis by the Sieur Louis de Conte]]'', which Twain called his favorite of all his books, is a rare example of near-total SarcasmFailure on Twain's part, being a straight, starry-eyed depiction of a LadyOfWar and her noble death at the hands of evil. A lot of people called him out on this, including Creator/GeorgeBernardShaw, who kept Joan the traditional heroine in his play ''Saint Joan'', but felt that her enemies had been the victims of a HistoricalVillainUpgrade and opted for WhiteAndGreyMorality in his version of events. Quite incorrectly, however, as regards Peter Cauchon, Bishop of Beauvais, who ''was'' a swine.
** It should be noted that it is possible (and in fact most likely) that Joan of Arc never knew that Gilles de Rais was a serial killer. In any case, the fact that he is often forgotten completely is evidence of historical hero upgrade.
** It is worth noting that it is a commonly held theory that Gilles de Rais was innocent. The Duke of Brittany, who was the person given the authority to prosecute the case, was also the one to receive all of Gilles de Rais' titles and lands after the conviction. In addition, none of the physical evidence brought forth was particularly tied specifically to Gilles de Rais, the confessions were forced under torture and threat of excommunication, the only accomplices that were punished were servants despite the claim that other nobles were involved, the confessions had very different methods cited, and there were a range of other charges added on top of the murders with little to no attempt to justify.
** Regardless of his guilt or innocence, he was known for his BloodKnight tendencies and his violent nature on the battlefield, both of which are generally entirely ignored.
* Empress/Queen Consort Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary aka [[SpellMyNameWithAnS Sisi/Sissi]] got ''many'' "biographical novels" describing her as a mix of a grown ManicPixieDreamGirl and a full-blown PuritySue who is utterly hated or bullied by her EvilMatriarch mother-in-law Sophie (who was more of an IgnoredExpert) and pretty much brings sun and love to everyone else, solving their problems with much class and sweetness. This reaches egregious levels with the ''Sissi'' movie trilogy and the ''WesternAnimation/PrincessSissi'' animated TV series. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elisabeth_of_Bavaria The real Elisabeth]], however, was much closer to a BrokenBird RebelliousPrincess, [[FishOutOfWater unable to withstand the pressure coming from the Habsburg Court]] and [[BreakTheCutie plagued by disgraces and mental illnesses]]. (Arguably, the most down-to-Earth and realistic portrayal of Sissi in media would Brigitte Hamann's biography, ''The Reluctant Empress'').
** Pretty much inverted by the musical ''{{Elisabeth}}'', which presents her as so damaged and unstable that she spends her ''entire adult life'' hallucinating that Death (in the form of a beautiful young man) is trying to seduce her.
* ChristopherColumbus:
** He didn't set out to prove the world was not flat--everyone who was educated at the time knew that the world was round--he set out to find an easy route to Asia by going West, to avoid having to go around Africa (which was controlled by Portugal at the time). What made his voyage so outrageously unacceptable was that he assumed the world was only ''six thousand miles in circumference'', which was far below most estimations at the time and under a quarter of the actual figure. Had there not been a huge continent barring his way, he and his crew would have likely starved to death. Some versions have him [[IMeantToDoThat suspecting that there's another continent there]] and for whatever reason not letting on.
*** He even found someone to calculate the earth's circumference for him. And when that person told him, he got the unit of measure wrong...
*** One of Columbus' problems is that he was relying on a map of the world by the Florentine polymath Paolo del Pozzo Toscanelli, who got the circumference of the Earth closer to right but who got the size of Asia wrong--by thousands of miles. This was in part because he was relying on the reports of the very few Europeans who had actually been east of the Levant; the map he made was remarkably accurate in Europe and North Africa, but eastward everything was stretched.
** The systematic enslavement of the Taino Indians under his leadership, plus the atrocities that were committed by him as governor (he would dismember and disfigure Natives to "set an example") are not commonly remembered, either.
** Much of Columbus' HistoricalHeroUpgrade can be attributed to the early United States in general and WashingtonIrving in particular, who sought to distance America from Great Britain by highlighting/exaggerating the accomplishments of a non-British explorer.
* Matthias Corvinus ruled Hungary with an iron fist. He was known for imprisoning the nobles who crowned him king, and instituting high taxes to maintain his army of EliteMooks. Despite this, he is known as Hungary's greatest and most iconic folk hero, for his sense of justice and his rumoured habit of mingling with the common folk. The fact that the kingdom of Hungary was living its golden age during his rule, and practically died with him, also helps his case.
* Jesse James. American film and media portray him as a [[JustLikeRobinHood Robin Hood]] figure of the WildWest thanks to the popularity of the [[DimeNovel Dime Novels]] in the late 19th century. In reality, there were never any evidence of him giving his loot from bank robberies or trains to the poor. In fact, he only shared the stolen money with himself and the gang. He does, however, have a FreudianExcuse; as many historians would agree that his rise to banditry is often related [[{{Unperson}} to the fact that many ex-Confederates like him were never accepted back into the American society and often were seen as criminals or traitors]].
** Which however wasn't really an unfair description given the massacres committed against civilians and unarmed soldiers with the assistance of Jesse and Frank James by the "bushwhacker" units lead by William Clark Quantrill and "[[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast Bloody Bill]]" Anderson.
** This seems to have been ended permanently with ''Film/TheAssassinationOfJesseJames'' which, while still making him very sympathetic, also shows how sadistic, brutal and unstable he really was, even to his close friends. The opening claims he committed at least seventeen murders and felt no remorse.
* Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker have been romanticized as dashing outlaw lovebirds to the point that it's easy to forget that their "flaunting of society's rules" left a ''lot'' of dead bodies in its wake, both police and civilian. As a rule, criminals generally don't get [[ThereIsNoKillLikeOverkill four machine guns emptied into their bodies]] for being {{Lovable Rogue}}s who just rob banks for fun.
* [[MisaimedFandom Aside from being the highest selling T-shirt image]], UsefulNotes/CheGuevara is given this treatment in pop culture (more infamously [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_film Steven Soderbergh's film portrayal of him]]). He is often seen as a [[ChaoticGood hero figure who represent civil disobedience, rebellion, and a freedom fighter]]. Never mind the fact that [[TheRevolutionWillNotBeCivilized Che personally killed hundreds of people to spread communism and "liberate" the poor]]. Oh, and he had a [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking strong dislike of rock music]] as he saw it as a product of American imperialism, even going so far as to have Cuban rock fans imprisoned in labor camps. That is to say, this is a [[SubvertedTrope subverted example]], as right-wing pundits like GlennBeck and many Cuban exiles living in America still see him as a terrorist, [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment let's leave it this way]] and more information to the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara_in_popular_culture other wiki]].
* TheKnightsTemplar in general and Jacques de Molay, their last Grand Master, in particular. Thanks to ''Literature/TheAccursedKings'' of Maurice Druon for adding to this. While [[FinalSolution executing every member of the order]] is horrific, this does not mean that the Knights Templar were saints. It was a case of BlackandGrayMorality, which some treat like BlackandWhiteMorality.
** Russian bard "Chancellor Gi" wrote a mocking song ''The plea of Jacques de Molay'' about said dead Templar worrying how he's going to be canonized, and remembering details such as his [[ReallyGetsAround bastards]] and shifty way of his ascension to the chair.
* While 19th Century Abolitionists were not racist for their time, many modern audiences assume that they held 21st Century conventional views on race. In fact, most of them believed blacks to be inferior to whites, but also thought it wrong to enslave them anyway. The vast majority of them would be considered very very racist in this day and age.
* Due to many biographies written about American presidents, along with multiple varying portrayals in the media and the concept of American exceptionalism, this trope is pretty much inevitable and very common with many of the more well-liked presidents in American history; some examples include:
** UsefulNotes/GeorgeWashington is usually portrayed as a freedom fighter and a pillar of moral character who established that the president will step down in a peaceful transition of power after a brief rule. This view glosses over his ownership of slaves, his controversial tactical decisions during the Revolutionary War, his brutal and highly successful campaigns against the Native Americans while leading a portion of the Virginia Regiment, an embarrassing friendly fire incident during the Forbes Expedition to take Fort Duquesne, and the little fact that he kinda sorta ignited the French and Indian War (the American theater of the Seven Years' War) by ambushing a French patrol, leading to the Battle of Jumoville Glen. Whoops. Is it any wonder John Adams referred to him as "Old Muttonhead"?
** UsefulNotes/AndrewJackson is seen in portrayals as a war hero and a populist BadAss who loved his wife dearly and stood up for the people against the wealthy elite. However this overlooks his responsibility for the Trail of Tears and Indian Removal that forced many Native Americans from their lands and caused many to die in the process. (Through to be fair, he did it because he believed it would prevent war with the tribes and, possibly, a civil war.).
** Done quite deliberately in ''AbrahamLincolnVampireHunter'', which turns a historical figure already considered a hero by some into {{Blade}}.
** UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt is often seen as a model of badassery and the founder of modern progressivism. While this may be true, it overlooks his imperialistic tendencies in Cuba and the Philippines during the US wars there from the 1890s to the 1900s and his often boorish personal behavior.
** UsefulNotes/WoodrowWilson is often seen as a model of Progressivism and idealism, when in fact he appointed the heads of large corporations to agencies supposedly regulating business, instated the policy of mandatory segregation, was one of the first of the RedScare anti-communist and anti-socialist presidents, and did little for labor, women, and other groups in need of assistance. This seems to have shifted in recent years, where he is looked on [[DeaderThanDisco much more critically nowadays]] for exactly these reasons. With many actually calling him one of the worst presidents in the US in the early 20th century, ''especially'' on AlternateHistoryDotCom.
** [[WhatCouldHaveBeen Henry A. Wallace]], UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt's second vice president is often seen as an idealist who would have not nuked Japan and could have brought everlasting peace between the US and the Soviet Union following the end of the Cold War [[ForWantOfANail had he became president instead of Harry Truman]]. Through whether he would be a good president or not is up for debate, and he might have not dropped the bomb on Japan, this viewpoint tends to overlook responsibilities on both sides that started the UsefulNotes/ColdWar by solely focusing on the US responsibility in starting the UsefulNotes/ColdWar. Furthermore, they tend to overlook the fact that he knew nothing about Stalin's crimes, and quickly became anticommunist after he received knowledge about them, supporting Eisenhower and Nixon in the 1952 and 1960 elections respectively. An example where this is seen is the ''Untold History of the United States'' by Creator/OliverStone, which gives both UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt and Henry Wallace, along with UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy Historical Hero Upgrades (through it calls out FDR's possible complicity in the appeasement process), while giving UsefulNotes/HarryTruman a HistoricalVillainUpgrade, placing the blame for the cold war solely on him and anti-Communist circles in the US. To what extent this was justified is a very controversial topic, and still a major topic of debate in the present day. At the same time, there are those who [[HistoricalVillainUpgrade think he was a Communist sell-out]] trying to betray America to the Soviets due to the Communists supporting his 1948 third party run, so it goes both ways.
** UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt is an example himself. He is remembered fondly for guiding the United States through the both the great Depression and WWII, however most people overlook is dark side. He made multiple attempts to seize greater power for the presidency and often worked behind the backs of the other branches of government to achieve his ends. In the court packing scheme for example, he drafted an executive order that would allow him to appoint additional supreme court judges to "assist" the many elderly judges on the court, which would essentially grant him control of the supreme court. Congress threatened to impeach him if he went through with it. The decision most people are appalled at is the internment of Japanese-Americans on suspicion of espionage, which even appalled J. Edgar Hoover. Many people today also overlook his role in developing the Atomic Bomb, which is to say it might have taken decades to create one had the Manhattan Project not been created and generously funded by him. However the last one is partially ValuesDissonance; after the bomb was dropped most of America viewed it as the final achievement of the Roosevelt Presidency. Although it must be stressed that the decision and strategy to bomb Japan was undertaken by Harry Truman alone, and supporters often wonder if Roosevelt would have ordered the dropping of the Bomb had he not died.
** UsefulNotes/DwightDEisenhower is often portrayed as an admirable and badass general in WWII and a great president who maintained stability in the early years of the cold war, and warned of the Military-Industrial complex. While he could be seen as admirable and these portrayals deserve credit, they tend to overlook some of his shady foreign policy actions as president. Perhaps least excusaable was serially backstabbing the US's more democratic and usually reliable allies like Britain, France, the Netherlands, and Israel in favor of far more authoritarian and often hostile forces to the point where even he had a MyGodWhatHaveIDone? reaction towards it all. On top of this he supported various dictatorships like Batista's regime in Cuba as long as they remained ''his'' dictatorships, [[CavalryRefusal left the French at Dien Bien Phu and the Hungarian and Polish rebels/strikers of 1956 to their fates]], and blocked an important vote on Vietnamese unification [[WhatAnIdiot after abandoning the French]] and approved the rise of pro-US (and corrupt, ineffectual) dictator Ngo Dinh Diem in South Vietnam.
** UsefulNotes/JohnFKennedy is often seen as the "last true president" of the United States and is seen in many circles as a president who saved the world from Armageddon and would have avoided Vietnam and saved America from had he lived. He is almost ''canonized'' (along with Andrew Jackson sometimes) in ConspiracyTheorist circles as a pillar of moral character that stood against the "system". The fact that the "monolithic conspiracy" speech was probably a reference to Communism and the Soviet Union gets ignored, along with his professional and personal failings. A lot of his forays into international affairs were incompetent and dangerous brinkmanship at best and disastrous at worst (e.g., the Vietnam War, the Bay of Pigs invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis), the middle of which featuring an ineffective and [[SenselessSacrifice pointless]] CavalryRefusal and the latter of which likely owed as much [[PragmaticVillainy even the Soviets were worried about]] the AxeCrazy claims of Castro and Che regarding the nukes as it did to JFK's success. In his personal life, he was charismatic and charming but was also dishonest, cheating on his wife so frequently he and his staff had to devise an alarm system to warn when their spouses were nearby.
* This is very common in works featuring UsefulNotes/NikolaTesla. He is often portrayed as a super-geek fighting/being betrayed by UsefulNotes/ThomasEdison, who gets some {{Historical Villain Upgrade}}s in the process. They often say that he was the sole creator of his inventions, even when he was just improving on something that came before (alternating current, for instance) or gloss over his ideas that failed simply because they were completely unworkable.
* Guy Fawkes gets this nowadays, along with HistoricalBadassUpgrade. Gunpowder Plot Day/Guy Fawkes Day ''isn't'' meant to celebrate him, it's meant to celebrate the narrow prevention of a terrorist attack on the capital by the conspiracy he was a part of. A conspiracy whose plan was to blow up most of Britain's government from the King on down by blowing up Parliament and everybody in the general vicinity in order to replace a bigoted Protestant constitutional monarchy with an Absolutist Catholic one, which [[StopBeingStereotypical horrified most Catholics.]] The fact that he was TheBrute of the plot rather than TheMastermind is just the icing on the cake.

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* UsefulNotes/DateMasamune is played like this in many works. In real life, he may as well be categorized with ''Oushuu's UsefulNotes/OdaNobunaga'', he killed his brother to rise to power (his nagging mother constantly opposed him and promoted his brother for clan leader) and betrayed the alliance with the other clans without much discussion (and conquering them). He also showed little respect to Hideyoshi when he was called to join the attack on Odawara (and late to come to boot!). But in ''SamuraiDeeperKyo,'' he ends up becoming Kyo's ally, though he may be rude and brash (aka Bontenmaru). And in ''VideoGame/SengokuBasara'', he becomes the {{Badass}} JerkWithAHeartOfGold hero with a somewhat charming personality and several PetTheDog moments (seen with [[BattleButler Kojuurou]] and [[MoralityPet Itsuki]], or [[AllThereInTheManual in the Drama CD]], [[TheWoobie Oichi]]) And in ''LightNovel/OdaNobunaNoYabou'', ''[[GenderFlip she]]'' is a [[BoisterousBruiser Boisterous]] [[CuteBruiser]] and LargeHam who's an ally of the heroes. This one is averted in Koei's Warriors series. In ''VideoGame/SamuraiWarriors 2'', he comes off as a jerk, but hides a lot of ambitions that are beneficial for Japan. But in ''VideoGame/WarriorsOrochi'', he becomes Orochi's henchman and is pretty much loyal to him and has no qualms on bringing chaos into the world. Maybe that's his true nature.
* In ''Anime/FullMetalAlchemist: [[TheMovie Conqueror of Shamballa]]'', Creator/FritzLang becomes one of Ed's allies in Weimar Berlin, and is depicted as an anti-fascist {{Badass}} who opposes Nazism as early as 1923. His real-life political leanings are less well known and Lang actively obscured them with his creative retellings of his life in Germany. However, he was thrown out of at least a couple German exile parties in Hollywood for making anti-Semitic comments, and was known to be abusive to his cast and crew on set. (Granted, it's hard to expect historical accuracy from a film that [[spoiler: depicts the Beer Hall Putsch as part of a coordinated effort to take over Germany with the help of a group attempting to open a portal into Ed's alchemical universe.]]) Lang putting an entire film crew into mortal danger just to get a shot of a dragon for ''DieNibelungen'' seems fairly like him, though.
* ''Manga/RurouniKenshin'' turns Saitou Hajime into a {{Badass}} AntiHero. In actual history, he did manage to survive the mess that was the Meiji revolution and became a member of Japan's secret police (pretty much their equivalent of the FBI), but Watsuki freely admits that he pretty much made up all of the other details about Saitou's personality (as a minor note, [=RuroKen=] Saitou claims to have given up drinking, while in real life he died of a stomach ulcer as a result of it).
** Saito is sort of an odd example as [[CharacterizationMarchesOn he's initially]] introduced as a vicious BloodKnight and Watsuki comments on getting angry letters for giving him a ''HistoricalVillainUpgrade'', which might explain why soon after his introduction, Kenshin describes him as a morally pure WorthyOpponent, and he becomes an AntiHero from that point onward.
** The manga's treatment of Okubo is closer to this trope. He's historically seen as a SleazyPolitician, and that aspect is certainly part of his character, although he's presented as working for the best for his country and deserving of the respect he gets from Kenshin and Saito. WordOfGod comments on wanting to rehabilitate his image, noting that in terms of corruption, he [[TakeThat wasn't much different than Japan's current politicians]].
* While this trope applies primarily to human beings and not machines, the eponymous CoolStarship of UchuuSenkanYamato counts. The real life warship may have been a CoolBoat, but battleships were being eclipsed by aircraft carriers in the UsefulNotes/SecondWorldWar and the ''Yamato'' was no exception, with no kills during the war except possibly one small escort carrier, and being ignominiously sunk by aircraft while on a one-way suicide mission. Not the most appropriate ship to undertake a voyage to save the earth.
* ''FateZero'' takes AlexanderTheGreat, certainly an inspiring figure in his own right, but hardly a morally superior one, and turns him into what may be one of the most inspiring characters in anime history by giving him a complex philosophy that guides him while staying relatively true to the original Alexander's historical actions and fiery, straightforward personality, occasionally even calling him out on some of the less heroic actions of his historical counterpart.
* ''Manga/MagiLabyrinthOfMagic'' takes the usually [[HistoricalVillainUpGrade Historical villain upgraded]] Characters from Arabian Nights and give them their original ''proper'' roles (Ja'far to name a few...).

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/ThreeHundred'' conveniently leaves out any mention of Spartan pederasty and slaveholding, which were major parts of their culture at the time, to keep them sympathetic to modern audiences. The film also leaves out their extreme devotion to religion in an attempt to appeal to gung-ho masculine audiences, going as far as having the hero criticize the Athenians as "boy lovers" and call out their own clergy as "corrupt."
** Arguably, the film does actually emphasize their extreme devotion to religion, but also has Leonidas himself rejecting the practices as illogical and detrimental to them during a time of war.
* Charles Fort may be one of the most important figures in paranormal science, but he wasn't much of a hands-on investigator. The only weird event he claimed to be present for was a painting falling off a wall for no apparent reason. In a one-shot comic from Creator/DarkHorseComics, he's not only depicted as being directly involved in the things he investigates, but is upgraded to a badass action hero who saves the world from aliens. A preteen Creator/HPLovecraft gets to be his sidekick. At the end of the comic, UsefulNotes/TheodoreRoosevelt puts him in charge of a secret [[Series/DoctorWho UNIT]]-like organization, putting us firmly into BeethovenWasAnAlienSpy territory.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* The first season of ''Fanfic/ChildrenOfTime'', in the spirit of ''Series/DoctorWho'' (see the Live-Action TV folder below), contains more real-life people than it does characters original to the series, and nearly all in heroic or at least protagonist-supporting roles: [[Recap/ChildrenOfTimeS1E2MenOfEngland William Shakespeare]], [[Recap/ChildrenOfTimeS1E5TheIcarusExperiment Nikola Tesla and George Westinghouse]], [[Recap/ChildrenOfTimeS1T3AStudyInWhite Bram Stoker]], and even ''[[Recap/ChildrenOfTimeS1E9Fractures Jeremy Brett]]''. (The only real-life figure not to take on a positive light is General Groves in [[Recap/ChildrenOfTimeS1E4TheManhattanConspiracy "The Manhattan Conspiracy"]], the actual C.O. at Los Alamos during the development of the atomic bomb.
* In ''FanFic/WorldwarWarOfEquals'', some of the more... antagonistic world leaders such as Kim Jong-un, Hosni Mubarak, and Muammar Gaddafi are shown in a somewhat more positive light ([[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment let's just leave it at that]].) Of course, anyone is better than alien conquerors.
* In KingdomHeartsNewEpicTheFirst, being that its a NextGenFic set in Lord Cavendish's verse, the new President of the Alliance has given himself a massive HistoricalHeroUpgrade, presenting himself as a victorious war hero. The actual history shows he only got involved when it looked like things were going the Alliance's way, and only even then got involved in "easy" campaigns.


[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* The imperial Romanov family in ''WesternAnimation/{{Anastasia}}''. Creator/DonBluth really just grabbed the opportunity to portray another idyllic [[FollowTheLeader Disney-like]] princess, while neglecting to mention all the reasons the revolutionists thought themselves justified in their actions. On the other hand, Grigori Rasputin gets quite the HistoricalVillainUpgrade.
* John Smith in Disney's ''Disney/{{Pocahontas}}'' movie, to the point where critics agree this is the version of John Smith the actual Smith would have wanted history to see him as. The real Smith wrote boastful accounts of his adventures, in which he spun fact into legend and portrayed himself as a Film/JamesBond-like figure. One of the reasons historians doubt the story about Pocahontas saving his life is that that's one of three times he claimed to have been rescued by a native woman. Either native women really had a thing for him or he was a rather uncreative writer. Also, John Smith was much more of a {{Jerkass}}, with one of his well-documented actions being taking a Native leader captive so that the leader's tribe would provide him with plentiful resources.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/{{Braveheart}}'' upgraded William Wallace into the architect of Scottish Independence and downgraded Robert Bruce to little more than a background character. William Wallace raped women and burnt down schools with children and monks still inside. Robert Bruce is one of the great heroes of Scottish history and his guerrilla campaign against the forces of Kings Edward I and II was much larger, went on for much longer and was far more successful than Wallace's. Plus, it shows Bruce betraying Wallace. He never once betrayed Wallace (everyone else, sure - but never Wallace). Wallace also never met Princess Isabella, and certaintly wasn't the father of Kind Edward III-for one, the RealLife Isabella [[UnfortunateImplications was only a little girl at the time]].
* ''Film/KingdomOfHeaven'':
** Balian in the movie is elevated from a knight who made a courageous, humanitarian decision to negotiate with Saladin into an archetypal heroic Everyman knight embodying the best of the chivalric ethos. Balian wasn't as nice as the film made him out to be. Not only was he raised a noble, not a blacksmith as he is in the film, but he betrayed his oath not to fight Saladin on more than one occasion, sold many of the peasants in the siege into slavery and threatened to massacre his Muslim prisoners if Saladin wouldn't accept a surrender.
** Saladin gets a bit of a Heroic Upgrade too in the film. He's been receiving Historical Hero Upgrades from both Muslims and Christian Europeans (to whom he was a WorthyOpponent) for so long that it's probably harder to represent him badly. Ironically, the modern lionisation of Saladin flows from the ''European'' depiction of him - until the late 19th century he was mostly forgotten in the Muslim world, in large part because the empire he created barely outlived him.
* The real Rob Roy was both a murderer and a cattle thief. The movie ''Film/RobRoy'' turns him into a heroic man of impeccable honor, though strangely it still does make passing mention to cattle-thieving (though it was a common practice in those days).
* In ''Film/{{Valkyrie}}'', the German officer corps is implied to be exclusively against Hitler for moral reasons. The fact that many of them harbored racist, anti-Semitic and classist views is glossed over. Their objections against Hitler ranged from him being far ''too'' murderous towards the "gutter races", to empowering the lower and middle classes, to simply losing the war.
* Lord Guilford Dudley in ''Lady Jane''. In the film, despite his bad boy persona, he's actually a virgin with a passion for social justice. In reality, Guilford had a well-established reputation for being a JerkAss (including a widely-reported temper tantrum when, after her coronation, Jane refused to make him king). The film has him falling in love with Jane (and she with him) despite the fact that the RealLife Jane actually refused to see him on the night before his execution.
* Eliot Ness of the ''Film/TheUntouchables''. In the [[Series/TheUntouchables two TV series]] he's the ultimate lawman and takes down UsefulNotes/AlCapone; in the film by Brian DePalma, he's also an ActionDad whose resolve is only strengthened when Capone and Nitti threaten his loving wife and daughter. In reality, while the Untouchables put pressure on Capone's organization, and Ness weeded out the corruption in Chicago's law enforcement, it was an unrelated IRS operation that ultimately brought down Capone. Ness had no children when he was assigned to Capone (he did later adopt a son) and his first marriage failed. His later life was marked with business failures and alcoholism.
* Lucilla, sister of the Roman Emperor Commodus has been given a Historical Hero Upgrade in both ''Film/{{Gladiator}}'' and the 1964 epic ''The Fall of the Roman Empire'' (where she was played by Sophia Loren). The real life Lucilla ''was'' indeed involved in a plot to assassinate her brother... but according to contemporary historian Herodian it was because of her own jealousy and desire for power (in fact he even blames her attempt to have Commodus killed as what made him so paranoid in the first place).
* Earlier in the USA's history, General Custer was often depicted as a MessianicArchetype, a brave hero who fought against the Indians and died alongside his men. This myth extended to both literature and eventually, film. This is most notable in 1941's ''They Died with Their Boots On''. More modern sympathies with the Indians have caused him to no longer be portrayed this way, however. Custer's heroic myths are due to his wife, who outlived him (she died in 1933, a little under 60 years after him). She wrote ''three'' books depicting her late husband as a folk hero. She was afraid he would be blamed for the humiliating defeat and slaughter his troop suffered, and thus spent the rest of her life lobbying extensively to make her husband look a hero.
* ''Film/PrincessOfThieves'' upgrades UsefulNotes/RichardTheLionheart's [[HeroicBastard illegitimate son]] Philip of Cognac, a historic figure about whom almost nothing is known, into a full-blown ActionHero who prevents his EvilUncle Prince John from claiming the throne and wins the girl, who happens to be RobinHood's daughter.
* Chris Gardner in ''Film/ThePursuitOfHappyness''. Although somewhat true, he was somewhat more of a JerkAss than he was in the film, as Cracked notes here [[http://www.cracked.com/article_16478_7-movies-based-true-story-that-are-complete-bullshit.html]] (quote: "he actually didn't even know where the hell his son was for the first four months of the program."
* Cecil B De Mille's ''Samson & Delilah'' does this to the latter, whether she existed or not. Delilah never felt remorse for [[spoiler: chopping off Samson's hair and removing his strength]] and her part in the story ends after that. His version has her truly fall in love with Samson and feel bad when [[spoiler: he goes blind]].
* Nicholas Garrigan in ''TheLastKingOfScotland'' is based on [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bob_Astles Bob Astles]] (he wasn't Scottish), who was imprisoned twice for his association to Ugandan presidents, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milton_Obote Milton Obote]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idi_Amin Idi Amin]]. Astles in real life was a MinionWithAnFInEvil; Garrigan on the other hand is a LoveableRogue[=/=]JerkassWoobie who, it is implied, helps bring down the Amin regime.
* While not much is known about the actual personalities of any of the well-known military leaders in the Three Kingdoms period of Chinese history, they are depicted in ''RedCliff'' as having considerably modern views on things despite living in third century CE China.
* The film version of ''Film/VForVendetta'' paints Guy Fawkes as a DoomedMoralVictor and TragicHero who died to strike a blow for freedom. It fails to mention that he and the other members of the Gunpowder Plot were essentially WesternTerrorists mainly interested in replacing the Protestant monarchy with a Catholic one[[labelnote:*]]Although it's debatable if they could have succeeded (the majority of the country was still loyal to the crown and would most likely have resisted them in the ensuing civil war). The country would still have been worse off either way though (in the the plotters were able to get foreign backing then the British Isles would have been under the control of said power, if they lost then Puritans would have taken over and taken the Catholic burning UpToEleven in retaliation; either way, much of the progress and freedoms of the last few hundred years would have been undone)[[/labelnote]]. People in the UK [[YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters tend to have a neutral view of him]] (he's famously referred to as "the last man to enter Parliament with honest intentions"[[labelnote:*]]Those intentions, of course, being to blow it up and kill everyone present. But at least he was honest about it.[[/labelnote]]), since the government at the time was pretty draconian and handing out excruciating deaths rather freely. It is also notable that Fawkes was the last man brought into the plot, and was brought in due to having worked as a mercenary in Spain, which gave him the necessary Catholic sympathies and demolitions expertise.
** Ironically, James I was actually pretty tolerant to Catholics, attempting to repeal some of the laws persecuting Catholics and (possibly) being married to a Catholic. Even after the Gunpowder Plot James only really went along with the stricter laws on Catholics that were passed because parliament were willing to give him a load of cash to do so. If the Gunpowder Plot hadn't happened then it's possible that James would have granted Catholics greater freedoms, as he handled religious issues remarkably well, far better than his successors.
* ''Film/ThirteenDays'' was criticized by historians and then still-living members of Kennedy's administration because the movie intensely exaggerates the role that Kenny O'Donnell (the main point of view character played by Kevin Costner) played in preventing the Cuban Missile Crisis from escalating. The chief agent in the American government who pulled the administration together during the crisis was in fact Ted Sorensen, who's instead relegated to such a minor role that he's barely noticeable.
* No less a luminary than Joe Montana has criticized ''Film/{{Rudy}}'' for far overstating his role on the team and understating how much work everyone else was putting in too.
* More a mythological/literary example than a historical one, but Sun Wukong, the Monkey King in ''TheForbiddenKingdom''. As an example, in the movie, the Jade Emperor suggests that the Monkey King could be given a bit more refinement if given an office in the CelestialBureaucracy, which he doesn't get because of the villainous Jade Warlord. In the original story, he ''is'' given a position (albeit as [[OddJobGods Cleaner of the Heavenly Stables]]), and becomes even more unruly because he's pissed at it not being grand enough (namely, not being the grandest position imaginable). Tricking him into thinking it was a high-standing position probably didn't help matters.
* John Nash and his (first) wife in ''Film/ABeautifulMind''. In the film, she is still with him in the 1990's when he got his Nobel prize, making it a heterosexual triumph-of-love story. In real life, she divorced him in the 60's when he got caught hanging around in public toilets picking up young men, and he wasn't allowed to accept his Nobel onstage due to being off his meds. He did, however, reconcile with and remarry her.
* The Spartans in ''Film/ThreeHundred''. In the movie there is a lot of talk about "freedom". Real-life Ancient Sparta was governed by a system that could best be described as militaristic communism. The state was the ultimate owner of everything, with citizens being granted assets as deemed appropriate. Military teaching encouraged the use of stealth and dirty tricks. Slavery and serfdom were the norm for all non-citizens within the area ruled by Sparta. Infanticide was a common practice. Basically an AntiVillain society.
* The 1940 German film ''Das Herz der Königin'' ("The Heart of the Queen"), viewed by many critics as an anti-British propaganda movie, portrays the troubled Mary, Queen of the Scots (Zarah Leander) as a beautiful saintly martyr whose heart is full of love for her people and who wishes above all to give them freedom and happiness. She spends the majority of the film frolicking around Scottish castles in glamourous anachronistic gowns while singing pretty songs about her tragic life.
* ''Dangerous Beauty'' gives this to both [[HighClassCallGirl Veronica Franco]] and Marco Venier. The film portrays Franco as bravely standing up to the Inquisition (which receives a major HistoricalVillainUpgrade) at her trial for witchcraft, and portrays Venier as being desperately in love with her, and defending her from the Inquisition, and persuading the rest of the Venetian Senate to do so as well. In reality, Veronica Franco was never in any real danger from the Inquisition. She was actually denounced as a witch, and tried by the Inquisition, on two separate occasions. The first time, she confessed to having performed sorcerous rituals to entertain her clients, but insisted that she did not believe in them. The Inquisition's response was, in effect, 'well, that's still not really appropriate, so please don't do it anymore.' The second time, she confessed again, and once again maintained that she had only done it to entertain her clients, and not because she believed in witchcraft herself. This time, the Inquisition... responded the same way as before. The fact is, the Inquisition regarded accusations of witchcraft as silly superstition, and acquitted accused witches as a matter of course. Franco was, again, never in any real danger. The film also, in an earlier scene, depicts Franco as a hero of the Venetian republic for persuading the king of France, by being just that good in bed, to ally with Venice against the Turks. In real life, King Henry III of France did sleep with Franco when he visited Venice to negotiate the alliance, but that had nothing to do with why he allied with Venice.
* ''Film/SevenYearsInTibet'' downplays Heinrich Harrer's involvement in the Nazi Party. To be fair, he later described it as a youthful mistake and he never actually fought for the Nazis having left Europe before the start of the war. Still, the image of him insisting that he's Austrian and only reluctantly taking the Nazi flag is a false one.
* ''Imperium: Augustus'' did this heavily with the eponymous Emperor and his rise to power. The movie presented him as an idealist whose goal was for the good of Rome. He also never wanted to do all the ugly things he did but was forced to because of the actions of his enemies. This was also done to a lesser extent with Julius Caesar who was presented as a WideEyedIdealist.
* Istvan Szabo's ''Colonel Redl'' (1985) does this for Alfred Redl, infamous Austrian spymaster-turned-traitor. Most historical accounts claim that Redl betrayed military secrets to Russia after being blackmailed for homosexuality, though a few accounts suggest he merely did it for the money. By contrast, Szabo's Redl is essentially scapegoated by officials in the Austro-Hungarian government to distract from a coup d'etat plotted by Archduke Franz Ferdinand - who conversely gets a major HistoricalVillainUpgrade as a bloodthirsty warmonger.
* Subverted with Richard Nixon in ''Film/XMenDaysOfFuturePast'', perhaps the most vilified president of the twentieth century, who gets a big, heroic TakeMeInstead moment during a hostage situation only for it to turn out that [[spoiler:it's a disguised Mystique getting the drop on Magneto]]. To be perfectly fair, though, Nixon does get one mild PetTheDog when he [[spoiler:calls off the mutant genocide when one of them saves his life]].
* Jim Garrison is depicted in Oliver Stone's ''Flim/{{JFK}}'' as a fearless crusader for the truth, driven by a deep sense of devotion to the slain president and a desire to bring justice to his assassins. The real life Garrison is considered by just about every objective historian to have been either a completely delusion paranoid or a shallow opportunist. He intimidated witnesses, suborned perjury and based his case against Clay Shaw on homophobia.
* ChristopherColumbus in RidleyScott's ''Film/FourteenNinetyTwoConquestOfParadise'' is depicted as a calm, kindly explorer who is fascinated by the Native peoples he encounters when he reaches San Salvador. In reality, as deduced from Columbus' own writings, the man was deeply religiously to the point of fanaticism (which is never shown in the film) and considered the Native people he met to be an "intrusion of nature"-he had absolutely no respect for them, and as a governor of San Salvador would commit various atrocities against these people later, including massacring and enslaving them.
* UsefulNotes/VladTheImpaler gets this in ''Film/DraculaUntold'', his vampirism being a quasi-superhero origin tale. The fact the movie is closer to actual history regarding Dracula than most (not that is saying much) also helps this trope. Namely, Vlad ''doesn't'' make a habit of impaling his own people, and he's known as the Impaler because of his deeds in the past, not his needs as ruler.

* OlderThanPrint: The ''Literature/ArabianNights'' gave Haroun al Rashid a Historical Hero Upgrade. The most memorable event in his real reign was his execution of a powerful aristocratic family, therefore making his empire weaker. Is it ever mentioned in the stories? Sometimes, but they don't go too far in [[HistoricalVillainUpgrade the opposite direction]] to Harun himself. In most stories, he's a lovable eccentric going on fantastic adventures-except in stories featuring Ja'far ("The Three Apples" especially), in which he comes off as a bit unstable.
* ''Literature/RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms'' has a few. Namely with the Shu Han kingdom. Portrayed as what would be the best path for China to being a DoomedMoralVictor.
** This is especially the case regarding on Liu Bei. True enough, he had noble goals. However, his traits have often been exaggerated to make him seem as if he was an extremely honorable man; never mind that he made lots and lots of mistakes that make him pale in comparison to Cao Cao's war abilities (such as irrationally leading the disastrous attack on Yi Ling, or slamming his infant son to the ground, effectively dooming his future empire). Yeah, author favoritism is also at fault here.
** His blood brothers also are as flawed as he was. For example, Zhang Fei, often depicted as a headstrong warrior, was a ruthless bandit that kidnapped Xiahou Yuan's niece in RealLife. And Guan Yu being betrayed at Fan Castle wasn't because of treachery but due to his arrogance as well as refusing to allow his son to marry into the Sun family for political reasons.
** Zhuge Liang may embodies this trope even more than Liu Bei. The author portrays him as completely godlike in every way, except for the minor detail where he [[spoiler:has to succumb to overwork in the end [[DoomedByCanon because history said so]]]]. In real life his greatest weakness was his cronyism and sweeping Wei Yan aside despite his accomplishments
** Zhao Yun gets special treatment as Liu Bei's most badass {{Bishounen}} spear-wielding hero apparently and treated like Yukimura as one of the best warriors in China. In reality he was an insignificant officer in Shu's ranks until Cheng Du and only become well known after Zhuge Liang's commendations.
* Creator/GoreVidal's historical books often give us alternative perspectives on despised and misunderstood figures. His ''Burr'' provides a more complex portrayal of the winner of the Burr-Hamilton duel. His ''{{Creation}}'' likewise shows the Ancient World from the perspective of the Persian hegemony, an abolitionist, multicultural empire as opposed to the slave-owning back-stabbing Greek city-states.
* A good deal of children's fiction about the English Civil War depicts the Royalists as being noble, flawless heroes and the Roundheads as being sly, unscrupulous villains. Adult fiction, on the other hand, often depicts the Royalists as deceitful, Frenchified, crypto-Catholic cads and the Roundheads as solid, honest, decent, beef-hearted true Englishmen. In reality, of course, both sides had legitimate points and obvious wrongs.
* Mary Boleyn was characterized by in ''Literature/TheOtherBoleynGirl'' as a blushing virgin who loved Henry VIII and only wanted a quiet life in the country (as opposed to her sister, who was evil by virtue of being ambitious). The real Mary was known as "The Great Prostitute" because of her promiscuity. Her family went so far as to recall her from the French court because her behavior there was scandalizing them. Anne, on the other hand, only ever slept with one guy, and [[HistoricalVillainUpgrade look how she's remembered]].
* In Harry Turtledove's ''TheGunsOfTheSouth'', Nathan Bedford Forrest is portrayed as being fiery, devoted, and honorable, though his racist ideals aren't shied away from. In the first and third Acts, he is shown to be a hero for the South, and he is a GracefulLoser at the end of the Second, ultimately agreeing to serve an abolitionist who beat him in a fair election. The real Nathan Bedford Forrest is perhaps best known for being the first Grand Wizard of the UsefulNotes/KuKluxKlan (which notably ''doesn't even exist'' in the book's altered timeline, because the CSA wins the war).
* In ''The Hooded Riders'', author Creator/JTEdson portrays the outlaw and gunfighter John Wesley Hardin as a wrongly accused hero, and his killing of a black man is presented as self-defense.
* ''Literature/ThePyrates'' reinvents Captain Henry Avery/Long Ben Bridgeman, mutineer and pirate, as Royal Navy hero Captain Benjamin Avery. But it's not claiming to be remotely historically accurate.
* ''Literature/TheEpicOfGilgamesh'' may have originally been propaganda for the real King Gilgamesh of Uruk, although it likely mutated over hundreds of years, as the story as we know it paints him as very flawed (but still incredibly badass.)
* There is a bit of this in the Literature/BelisariusSeries. While even heroic medieval warlords behave on occasion like, well, medieval warlords, there is more religious tolerance than is credible and Antonina's loyalty to Belisarius is raised above what some sources would indicate. Although the explanation is used by the book that much of that is malicious court gossip, and that explanation is not totally rejected by real historians.
* Subverted in the fictional story "Operation Chickenhawk" in Al Franken's ''Rush Limbaugh Is a Big Fat Idiot'', where Newt Gingrich, Dan Quayle, Rush Limbaugh, Pat Buchanan, Phil Gramm, Clarence Thomas and George Will serve in the Vietnam War (which they all avoided in RealLife), but prove to be either {{Dirty Coward}}s or dead meat.
* The Creator/GKChesterton poem "Lepanto" pumps up Don Juan of Austria ("The Last Knight of Europe") from Christian military hero to saviour of the western world from the hordes of darkness and its own political corruption... until the last verses where Chesterton talks about [[HeyItsThatGuy the other famous guy who was at the battle and the kind of book he wrote]] seem to subvert the trope. You can also visit UsefulNotes/BattleOfLepanto and see the entry under DudeWheresMyReward:
--> ''Cervantes on his galley sets the sword back in the sheath''
--> (Don John of Austria rides homeward with a wreath.)
--> ''And he sees across a weary land a straggling road in Spain,''
--> ''[[Literature/DonQuixote Up which a lean and foolish knight forever rides in vain,]]''
--> ''And he smiles, but not as Sultans smile, and settles back the blade....''
--> (But Don John of Austria rides home from the Crusade.)
* Thomas Cromwell is portrayed as a slightly better man in ''Literature/WolfHall'' than he would have been in real life, although not nearly as much as it might seem - most other depictions of him fall into the HistoricalVillainUpgrade variety.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* ''Series/DoctorWho'' gives this treatment to Creator/VincentVanGogh in "Vincent and the Doctor". Ol' Vinny goes from a tortured painter to BadAss [[spoiler:hunter of invisible monsters who eventually kills the MonsterOfTheWeek by impaling it on the anchor spikes of his easel.]] Other historical figures that the Doctor encounters in his travels get this trope in smaller doses as well: Shakespeare, Queen Elizabeth, Agatha Christie, Churchill, hell even Charles Dickens get a BigDamnHero moment.
** Although Van Gogh ''is'' depicted as a tortured painter as well [[spoiler: who still dies of madness even after learning of future success]].
* ''Series/TheTudors'' does this with Anne Boleyn and Thomas Cromwell. Anne in fiction is usually portrayed as a scheming whore, while Cromwell is often made pure evil. The show portrays Anne as being honestly in love with Henry and a devoted mother. Cromwell, while still rather ruthless, is seen as very human, and quite sympathetic.
** To be fair, Anne is also depicted as intending (at least at first) to manipulate Henry using both lust and love, and to maneuver him into serving the schemes of her father, a notable member of Henry's court, long before she begins to legitimately care for him. Both depictions are much more morally gray than normal, and as such, probably a more accurate depiction of real people, at least morally if not historically.
*** She is also portrayed as having slept with Sir Thomas Wyatt before her marriage with Henry VIII. There are indications Wyatt may have had romantic feelings for her, though there is no proof that Anne reciprocated, and certainly not that they had sex, as it would have gravely endangered any future marriage of Anne's if she were found to not be a virgin. Wyatt ''was'' arrested for adultery with Anne, writing a poem about witnessing the beheadings of Anne and her co-defendants from his cell window in the Tower of London, but released a year later. There's no evidence any of the charges Anne was convicted on (that included incest with her brother) were anything more than trumped-up.
**** If anything, Anne was more fairly depicted in The Tudors-though her sex life is probably exaggerated-while Cromwell is, for once, treated as a human being. He's usually given a HistoricalVillainUpgrade due to his role in the death of Thomas More.
***** More himself usually receives a Historical Hero Upgrade. The series glosses over the complexities of his case, as usual, but at least accurately shows his hatred of Lutherans, even overseeing some of them being burned at the stake.
* Al Swearengen actually debuted with a HistoricalVillainUpgrade in the pilot episode of ''{{Series/Deadwood}}'', engineering a massacre of Swedish immigrants and blaming it on the Indians (its historical explanation). For additional horror, the immigrant party was turned into a family with cute children and Swearengen wanted to kill the SoleSurvivor little girl to cover his tracks. But Ian [=McShane=]'s praised portrayal of the character, implying that he [[JerkWithAHeartOfGold had a soft spot underneath]], convinced the writers to tone down the character and give him [[AntiVillain more sympathetic traits]] halfway through the first season, while his most detestable ones were transferred to the owner of the saloon across the street, Cy Tolliver. By the third season Swearengen is almost a [[{{Flanderization}} messianic figure]] that recruits his whores in orphanages in an attempt to save them from having a terrible childhood like he had, cries because his mom abandoned him as a child and teams up with straight hero Seth Bullock to save the camp from [[CorruptCorporateExecutive robber baron]] George Hearst. The real Swearengen actually made money offering young women jobs as cooks or maids and then press-ganging them into {{sex slave}}ry.
* In ''Ravna Gora'', a Serbian series about the UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo Chetnik movement made by Radoš Bajić, Chetnik leader Draža Mihajlović is shown to be rather humble and nice, unlike the true historian picture of him and his movement, which says that they were murderous and chauvinist... The author explained how he wanted to show the truth, but he also made the movie as artistic expression (even if artistic expression and true history don't go together)... This can be explained due to growing Serbian nationalism after the breakup of Yugoslavia. That said, while they weren't saints the Chetniks probably get more sympathy nowadays due to being opposed to the communist Yugoslav Partisans led by Tito, who visited horrible fates on them after taking control of the country.
* ''Series/IClaudius'' single-handedly rehabilitated the reputation of the Emperor Claudius, who-long thought of as just another cruel despot among the Roman Emperors-is now rather positively viewed in the popular imagination, although the idea that he along with several other characters in the series wished to restore the Republic is pure fabrication. In their eyes, the Republic never collapsed, with Augustus and his successors simply being ''princeps'', or "[[JustTheFirstCitizen first among equals]]". It wouldn't be until Commodus' reign that the senate began it's true slide into irrelevance, more than a century later.
* ''Series/CosmosASpacetimeOdyssey:''
** In general, the show takes scientists who have been largely forgotten or overshadowed (such as Cecilia Payne or Ibn Al-Haytham) and showcases their achievements and discoveries. By necessity these tend to be simplified, covering decades in the animated segments of a 43-minute show.
** One example that attracted [[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/outthere/2014/03/10/cosmos-pick-wrong-hero/ particular criticism]] was Giordano Bruno from the first episode. He ''was'' burned at the stake in part for his belief in a plurality of worlds, but his views on other doctrinal beliefs are only mentioned briefly in the reading of the charges. He's also portrayed as being pelted with fruit by the monks of Oxford, who in reality simply listened to and rejected his ideas, and being a homeless beggar for most of his life even though he was sponsored by kings for his memory techniques. The writer of that episode [[http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/outthere/2014/03/13/cosmos-giordano-bruno-response-steven-soter/#.UyY-KKhdUas had his own response]] to the critics.
* ''Series/HitlerTheRiseOfEvil'': Ernst Hanfstaengl is portrayed as having fled Germany in 1934 for moral reasons because he realized where Hitler's leadership was taking Germany. He actually continued to clamor for Hitler's approval for several more years and defected to the United States only after falling out of favor with the Nazis.

* ''Theatre/HenryV'' ignores several inconvenient aspects of the historical king, probably because he was a {{badass}} warrior King of England at a time when English nationalism was on the rise after hundreds of years of domination by French overlords. Still, he could easily have been seen as a villain, even by the Elizabethans. He executed captured enemy knights, presided over some horrible bloodbaths, doomed both sides to keep fighting a pointless war, burned "Protestant" heretics[[labelnote:*]]strictly speaking, Lollards, but these were seen as Protestant forerunners by many Elizabethans[[/labelnote]] alive--including Sir John Oldcastle, the original of Shakespeare's Falstaff--[[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking and]] [[GoodScarsEvilScars had a nasty scar across his face]].
* ''Theatre/HenryVIII'' ends with Henry and Anne eagerly expecting his heir, the future Queen Elizabeth--ignoring the fact that the entire point of the exercise had been for Henry to get a ''male'' heir, and indeed that Catherine had ''already'' borne a female heir ([[{{Unperson}} who would grow up to be Bloody Mary]])... not to mention the infamous mess that would come a few years later, with Catherine dead and Anne convicted of capital crimes, both under very suspicious circumstances.
* Thomas More's portrayal in ''AManForAllSeasons'' tends to focus on his bravery in maintaining his principles even when he knew this would result in his gruesome death, presenting him as a champion of the freedom of the individual conscience. Even apart, however, from the ValuesDissonance that led him (like nearly everyone in his own time) to approve the burning of heretics, More was fully convinced that the state ''had a perfect right'' to suppress any '''open''' dissent; his entire defense was based upon the plea that he had not made his personal opinions known. He was definitely no advocate of free speech, as the play seems to suggest he was.
* The Creator/CirqueDuSoleil shows based on Music/MichaelJackson's work, ''Theatre/MichaelJacksonTHEIMMORTALWorldTour'' and ''Theatre/MichaelJacksonONE'' portray him as a transcendentally gifted performer and humanitarian. In the latter show, his iconic costume items magically grant people his core attributes -- playfulness, agility, courage, and love -- and the primary antagonists represent a StrawmanNewsMedia out to tear him down. As one might imagine, his myriad personal failings -- egotism, drug abuse, plastic surgery to the point of BodyHorror, the lingering question of whether he was a ''pedophile'' or not, etc. -- are swept under the rug; even before ''ONE'' opened, Steve Bornfeld [[http://www.vegasseven.com/ae/2013/05/29/deification-michael-jackson questioned this portrayal]] (which is the standard one amongst the more rabid Jackson fans, keep in mind): "[Cirque's] predecessor shows honored the brilliant music of Music/TheBeatles and [[Music/ElvisPresley Presley]] without suggesting that its subjects wrapped their arms around the globe and cradled it in its loving embrace." He also points out that the image of Michael as a champion of goodness and the world's greatest entertainer was one ''he'' cultivated to begin with (as in the ForcedMeme "The King of Pop").
* Not a person, but a country. ''Theatre/TheSoundOfMusic'' creates the impression of Austria being a free country trampled by Nazi jackboots. In fact, Austria became a fascist state in 1934, four years before the Anschluss. Also, most Austrians saw themselves as Germans at the time and welcomed the Anschluss. While the musical does include some Austrian characters who support the Anschluss, it portrays them as LesCollaborateurs. It is true that some Austrians opposed the Anschluss, including the real Captain von Trapp, but they were in the minority and most were monarchists hoping for a Habsburg restoration.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* UsefulNotes/OdaNobunaga is typically portrayed as villainous in most Japanese HistoricalFiction, but from ''VideoGame/SamuraiWarriors 2'' onwards he gets treated as a pragmatic AntiHero. Historically, he was much closer to the game's portrayal of Hashiba Hideyoshi as an eccentric yet highly general and administrator. He was not only a ruthless commander, but embraced Western culture and technology before most other Daimyos and implemented several important policies that are still used or directly influence current policy today. Embracing the use of guns allowed him to rout his opponents in battle.
** UsefulNotes/ToyotomiHideyoshi. His character in ''VideoGame/SamuraiWarriors'' depict him as, while prone to silly antics at times, is an ultimately good guy who wishes for everyone to be happy and inspired loyalty from great warriors like Yukimura Sanada. The game failed to mention his brutal persecution of Christianity, crucifixion of the 26 missionaries sent to Japan, invasion of Korea (and his attempt to do the same to China), and the imposition of rigid social classes that halted the social mobility from which he himself had benefitted. The Korean invasion being omitted may be because KOEI wouldn't dare piss on the Korean due to the bad blood between them and Japanese (which was Hideyoshi's fault, and even [[VideoGame/SengokuBasara Capcom]] makes no mention of that despite giving Hideyoshi a HistoricalVillainUpgrade.) Hideyoshi even has some bonds with some Chinese warriors in ''VideoGame/WarriorsOrochi'' (although these Chinese people were in a time before Hideyoshi was born or could even invade.)
** In the 2nd 3DS game, they introduced [[UsefulNotes/YagyuJubei Yagyu Munenori]], badass swordsman of the Yagyu clan who usually is portrayed as villainous or an utter bastard. In this game, he's said to be possessing none of those overexaggerated bastardizations and is an all around just and honorable swordsman.
** Nobunaga is also pretty badass in PokemonConquest (A Pokemon-NobunagasAmbition crossover) as in this continuity he not only a Master Pokemon trainer, but is the trainer of a shiny Rayquaza. For those not known in Pokemon lore, Rayquaza is a massive dragon Pokemon, practically a god among Pokemon, and "shiny" is when a Pokemon gets a rare [[note]] very very very very very very rare [[/note]] alternate colour scheme. The only legit way to get one in the main series games, is to SaveScum about 8000 times.
* Pretty much ''everyone'' in the ''VideoGame/SengokuBasara'' series that wasn't instead [[HistoricalVillainUpgrade made into an outright villain]] gets some degree or another of this, but UsefulNotes/TokugawaIeyasu is the biggest -- by ''Sengoku Basara 3'' he's basically a MessianicArchetype, compassionate and honest, and his PowerFist combat style is symbolic of his desire to keep war from ever again severing the Bonds between people, rather than power-hungry and manipulative. Not to mention, he's a young {{Bishonen}} rather his usual portrayal of being a fat old man.
* Taking a leaf from ''Literature/RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms'', ''VideoGame/DynastyWarriors'' promotes Liu Bei to a man concerned primarily with virtue and honourable behaviour.
** To a lesser degree, his son Liu Shan is also portrayed as, while far from the warrior his father was, a man of virtue.
** Sima Zhao also gets this, as he was ''much'' worse in real life. Zhuge Dan's bio in the game even suggests that Zhao's rule was Tyrannical.
*** A prime example of this is during Zhuge Dan's rebellion after Dan killed Wen Qin. Zhao states that any soldiers who willing surrenders would be unharmed while Zhong Hui suggests that they should just kill them, when historically it was the other way around.
** Ma Chao is generally portrayed as a man who upholds justice above all else and is loyal to Shu, even in death. While the loyalty part is true...well, let's just say [[UnknownRival Wang Yi]] isn't the only person pissed at him for killing a family. He was rather brutal in real life, and certainly didn't care about whether he was doing the right thing or not.
* ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedI'' has this and its [[HistoricalVillainUpgrade counterpart]] '''as its entire plot'''. The series's main draw is how the developers use the RuleOfCool to combine [[ShownTheirWork exquisite research]] with Historical Upgrades. [[InThePastEveryoneWillBeFamous Everybody of note in the past]] belonged to one of two [[AncientConspiracy Ancient Conspiracies]]; the [[BlackAndGrayMorality Templars and the Assassins]]. The [[http://assassinscreed.wikia.com/wiki/Templars Templars]] work to [[TheEvilsOfFreeWill eradicate free will in the name of peace]]. The [[http://assassinscreed.wikia.com/wiki/Assassins Assassins]] hunt and kill [[AristocratsAreEvil Evil Aristocrats]] wherever and whenever possible "[[TheRevolutionWillNotBeVilified to safeguard Mankind's evolution]]"(and peace). If somebody in the past was awesome, he's in the series somewhere with his life examined in detail - with HiddenDepths because history was [[WrittenByTheWinners Written By The Templars]].
** For starters, the Hashshashin themselves. In real life they were Hassan-I-Sabah's private army not unlike modern terrorists. They built a reputation at the time as his enemies were {{Asshole Victim}}s who they eliminated with a minimum of collateral damage.
** [[UsefulNotes/RichardTheLionheart King Richard I]] of England, however, got a fairly realistic representation: he went by the title "Lionhearted" even in his own day, and it did not refer to heroism but a love of combat. So, though he's driven to conquer Jerusalem, he [[IGaveMyWord keeps his promise]] to listen to [[PlayerCharacter Altaďr]] finally after he beats [[BigBad Robert De Sable]] in single combat, and lets Altair go free afterwards. He's undeniably a jerkass, but he's still portrayed in a relatively positive manner - basically a NobleDemon.
** Lorenzo de'Medici is portrayed as being a devout republican and a benevolent ruler. In reality, like all the noble families in the Italian city-states, the Medicis were Machiavellian schemers who committed all sorts of immoral acts to maintain their power. At least it's shown in ''Lineage'' short how Lorenzo brutally tortures an agent of his enemies for information, and in ''[[VideoGame/AssassinsCreedBrotherhood Brotherhood]]'' Lucrezia Borgia claims, probably truthfully that he quashes the families of his rivals utterly, even those who had nothing to do with the plots against him.
** And who can forget how LeonardoDaVinci got an upgrade in heroism, despite only being the sort-of deuteragonist? Notable changes include that his inventions work, are ''completely functional'' and can be used at nearly any time. Plus he's the main character's BFF.
** According to some fan-theories, the events of the games are filtered through Altair and Ezio's impressions of them. Such as the way beggars in AC 1 would bother Altair and ''only'' Altair.
** Not to mention that with their advantage in information control, the Templars would obviously try to slander any historical figure who allied themselves with the Assassins.
* ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps2'' gives one to Angolan rebel leader Jonas Savimbi. In the game, he's a gregarious and enthusiastic player ally who rides into battle at the head of his army and even pulls off a spectacular GunshipRescue at the end of the mission he's featured in. In real life, he was a war criminal who massacred civilians, funded his army by selling conflict diamonds, accepted military aid from apartheid South Africa, ran the territories he controlled like his own personal kingdom, ordered the torture and execution of his own men if he suspected them of betrayal, and re-started the civil war twice after previously agreeing to ceasefires because he didn't win the post-war elections (it took his death in battle with government troops to finally bring the war to an end).
* [[DiscussedTrope Discussed]] and ultimately discouraged in ''[[VideoGame/WhereInTimeIsCarmenSandiego1997 Where In Time Is Carmen Sandiego?'' When you meet William the Conqueror]], who casually mentions one time that he [[RapePillageAndBurn razed a Saxon village to the ground]], your Good Guide will chime in to remind you that just because you're meeting and working with figures from history doesn't mean that they're all necessarily nice people. Your job as a time traveller isn't to pick sides, but [[StatusQuoIsGod to get history as we know it back on track.]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Played with ''hilariously'' in ''WesternAnimation/TimeSquad''. When the team is given a mission, Otto always would get really excited and start rattling off the wonderful achievements of whoever it was they were going to meet, pretty much ignoring any of the flaws (arguably justified through childish idealism). When they actually meet the historic figures however, they are all stupid, insane, stubborn, cruel, or plain incompetent.
** One example that stands out, though, is JosefStalin. In RealLife a mass-murdering megalomaniac who became the TokenEvilTeammate for the Allies only after his VillainTeamUp with UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler ended in a German invasion of Russia, his appearance in the show is limited to a small role and passing mention as one of the leaders of UsefulNotes/WorldWar2, and painting him, Churchill and Roosevelt as Best Friends Forever rather than reluctant allies- in RealLife, roughly speaking, Churchill was annoyed with Roosevelt and increasingly worried about Stalin; Roosevelt was annoyed with Churchill and rather naively trusted Stalin; and Stalin liked both of them and [[ManipulativeBastard enjoyed manipulating them even more]]. In the show, Stalin and Roosevelt decide to forgo clothes and become nudists upon prompting from Churchill. Of course, this is ''Time Squad'' - the show where MahatmaGandhi is tap-dancing in a far-future space station's prison cell because he refuses to stop doing that and start with the whole Indian independence movement - so historical accuracy is not a priority.
* Columbus' heroic reputation is actually Averted in, of all places, an episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheFlintstones'' dealing with TimeTravel. While the mythical story of him trying to prove the world is round is kept, here he's portrayed as a {{Jerkass}} and a MeanBoss towards his crew (and the four members of the cast) who has to fend off an attempt at a mutiny while threatening the four cast members to help him. The mutiny is stopped when Wilma sees land... And he quickly takes credit for it. (Fortunately for the four protagonists, the TimeMachine starts working again and whisks them to a new time period, but they only find more trouble there.)
* [[TheCaligula Roman Emperor Nero]] is never regarded as a hero, but when he appeared on Peabody and Sherman's segment of ''WesternAnimation/RockyAndBullwinkle'', there was a twist, as he was portrayed as NotEvilJustMisunderstood. [[spoiler: In this reality, it was actually Nero's ''music teacher'' who started the fire]].

* [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lei_Feng Lei Feng]] was an ordinary but not particularly notable soldier in the People's Liberation Army. Then he died, and, amazingly, it turned out he ''just happened'' to have written a big diary in which he had recorded his dutiful life devoted to Chairman Mao. Most historians are pretty sure that the entire thing was a result of the Communist Party's PropagandaMachine.
* Similar upgrades were done for the USSR's [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pavlik_Morozov Pavlik Morozov]] and Nazi Germany's [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horst_Wessel Horst Wessel]].
* Similarly, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicolas_Chauvin Nicolas Chauvin]], if he really existed, got this treatment from French Bonapartists. Ironically, today he would generally get a HistoricalVillainUpgrade due to being the origin of the word "chauvinism" in spite of [[MisBlamed its later associations not being intended.]]
* Many of the Saints in the Catholic Church were often unsaintly even after renouncing their formerly wicked ways. To a large degree that is because the colloquial idea of a saint is different from the official idea of a saint; it is after all official doctrine that sinning is part of being human even if you are a saint. Thus they often got upgraded mostly by popular tradition rather then official tradition.


!!InUniverse examples

[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* ''SayonaraZetsubouSensei'' has an instance wherein during a lecture on the importance of holding one's tongue, Nozomu speaks positively about Kira, the man traditionally viewed as the villain in ''The47Ronin'' incident. Nozomu refers to him as a cultured man taken advantage of by a bunch of bumpkins.
* At the end of ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'', the heroes have to whitewash Führer Bradley's life and not tell anyone that [[spoiler:he was a Homunculus and willing to sacrifice his people to give Father godhood]].
* The second prequel series of ''Anime/LegendOfGalacticHeroes'' has a younger Yang Wenli trying to research the life of one Bruce Ashbey, a famous Alliance war-hero. The arc itself is a discussion of this trope, with Yang lampshading the fact that while Ashbey, admirable as he was, may not have been the great badass people remember him to be, it would be foolish to [[HistoricalVillainUpgrade automatically assume the opposite]] just to say that his interpretation is "unique."
* ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'': The Uchiha Clan. The village at large sees them as a great and noble clan that were victims of their traitorous prodigy, Itachi. The truth of the matter is that the Uchiha Clan was extremely bitter about their lack of power in the politics of the village despite being politically the most powerful clan due to their Military Police position, and about the perceived discrimination they suffered during the Second Hokage's reign and after the Kyuubi attack. [[spoiler:It eventually led them to plan a coup against the village, which forced Itachi to kill them all. It should be noted that Itachi WANTED the massacre if it meant that Sasuke wouldn't live with his clan's crimes on his shoulders, and would rebuild the Uchiha to be truly noble after "avenging" their deaths.]] When Sasuke found all of this out, his reaction was a bit... [[GoMadFromTheRevelation extreme]].

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''Film/StarTrekFirstContact'' explores this trope with the fictional historical figure of Zefram Cochrane. Federation history paints Cochrane as a shining paragon of idealism while he was really a selfish, cynical drunk (but still kind of a LoveableRogue). Much of his widely known idealism only came long after he'd made FirstContact, while the time-traveling crew only met the earlier, broken man who'd barely lived through WorldWar3. The Cochrane they meet even sneers at the very same aphorisms [[TimeyWimeyBall he'll later famously deliver]]. The novelization hints that he may have had untreated bipolar disorder, alternating between manic creative highs that led to his [[FasterThanLightTravel inventing the warp drive]] and crushing lows.
** This was later lampshaded in a ''Series/StarTrekEnterprise'' episode where Captain Archer wants to take [[Film/StarTrekFirstContact an obscure speech by Cochrane in which he claimed cyborgs tried to sabotage first contact]] as the complete truth (which, of course, it is). T'Pol points out that Cochrane was "frequently intoxicated" (which is also true, and probably the only reason Cochrane ever revealed that information).
* ''And Starring Pancho Villa As Himself'' (2003) is all about this trope, with Villa's image being changed by the filmmakers for RuleOfDrama and to make him more acceptable to American audiences.

* [[Literature/CiaphasCain CIAPHAS CAIN]], '''HERO OF THE IMPERIUM'''! Pretty much the poster boy for this trope: a cowardly, manipulative political officer who gets thrown into death and destruction at every turn, and comes out as a hero for the [[TheEmpire Imperium]], even revered as an aspect of the [[GodEmperor god-emperor of mankind]] in some circles. He doesn't believe all the hype, though.
** A recurring theme in the books is Cain using his memoirs (compiled into the books we read) to give himself a HistoricalVillainUpgrade instead. By his actions, Cain is a hero. By his own claims he's a self-serving coward. Those tropes get played with a lot, and Sandy Mitchell says [[ShrugOfGod he's not sure.]]
* Within the ''{{Dragaera}}'' series, the Dumas-[[RecycledInSpace recycling]] novels Brust [[LiteraryAgentHypothesis attributes to Paarfi]] are an example of this (and probably HistoricalVillainUpgrade as well) in universe. Paarfi presents a rose-colored, GoodOldWays view of Dragaeran history and tends to present historical figures in a flattering light, although in some cases, you can read between the lines and sense the real person was much less pleasant.
* In the ''Literature/BelisariusSeries'', there are a couple of comments lampshading this, in which it is said that a character who died in battle would become an epic hero. In one of those cases King Eon of Ethiopia says that about himself as he is dying (ironically Eon's case is a subversion; his behavior clearly was heroic enough to win him such an honor, it simply lacked military professionalism as might be expected for so young a WarriorPrince).

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* An episode of ''Series/TheBradyBunch'' showed Bobby idolizing Old West gunman Jesse James. His worried parents take him to meet one of James's victims, after which he has a nightmare in which James murders his entire family. That cures him.
** Earlier in the same episode, they watch a movie based on Jessie James, but it had been {{Bowdlerized}} due to TV censorship, leading Bobby to believe that James was not violent.
* Jayne Cobb in ''Series/{{Firefly}}''. On a backwater planet of mud-cultivating peasants, Jayne apparently stole a fortune from the local tyrant, but was forced to jettison the cargo from his damaged ship. It landed near the homes of the 'Mudders', who assumed he had done it on purpose. Stories were told and songs were sung about the legendary Jayne Cobb, folk hero. Even when the Mudders are told the truth, some of them are so loyal to the ''idea'' of their hero that they prefer to stick to the old story.
* The original ''Series/{{Star Trek|The Original Series}}'' invokes this trope by establishing that some people in the 23rd century consider [[MagnificentBastard Khan Noonien Singh]] to be one of history's heroes.
* In the ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'' episode "Living Witness", the ancestors of an alien civilization are treated this way after they tried to raid Voyager and took hostages while doing so. Voyager was trading with one of their enemies while not knowing there was even a conflict between the two sides, and both are given a corresponding HistoricalVillainUpgrade to the point that they launched a horrific war against their "peace-loving" culture and staged full-on genocide against them. They themselves, on the other hand, are depicted as martyrs and freedom-fighters.
* On the series ''Series/TrueBlood'', [[Really700YearsOld 3000 year old]] vampire Russell Edgington claims that he once met Jesus, who was just a "boring hippie who stank of patchouli."

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Pelineal Whitestrake in ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls'' series is known as the Divine Crusader, and held in high regard by Imperials for freeing Tamriel from the Ayleids. Nevermind he was a racist berserker who would often go into psychopathic episodes, which were said to have damaged the lands themself. He nearly single-handedly wiped ''an entire race'' from the face of the planet, and even attacked another race called the Khajiit, simply because they didn't look ''[[FantasticRacism human]]''.
** The Dragonborn is revered in [[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim Skyrim]] for being a great hero, the ultimate warrior and the pinnacle of what a Nord should aspire to be. Despite it being revealed that the [[MonsterProgenitor First]] Dragonborn was actually a [[ReligionOfEvil Dragon-Priest]] who TurnedAgainstTheirMasters and ruled over Solstheim as a tyrant. However, this is somewhat of an subversion, since the Ancient Nord legends didn't refer to them at all, but actually the ''Last'' Dragonborn, prophecied to appear when Alduin returned. This bizarrely makes it a case of '''Future''' Historical Hero Upgrade!
** Tiber Septim, [[TheEmperor first Emperor of the current Empire]] and the man who united the entire continent, is seen as one of the greatest men to ever live and is so beloved by the humans of Tamriel that he has become revered as the god [[DeityOfHumanOrigin Talos]], even usurping the position of head of the Nordic pantheon. In reality though, [[spoiler:many of his most well-known exploits can be attributed to someone else, he may have been responsible for murdering his king in order to become emperor, and he almost certainly betrayed and killed one of his closest advisors in order to power the Numidium and conquer the rest of Tamriel.]] Of course, the worship of him isn't entirely unfounded, as there is evidence that [[spoiler:he really did ascend to godhood... and may be one of the last things holding the universe together.]]
* In ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyTactics'', the official history records Delita as a hero, even though [[spoiler:he left quite a body count on the way to the throne.]]
* The protagonist of ''VideoGame/MediEvil'', Sir Daniel Fortesque, became a friend of the king through various exaggerated tales of his exploits. When an actual battle occurred, Daniel ended up getting killed by arrows minutes into it. However, due to being the King's friend, he went down in history as a hero. When the evil sorceror he fought against tries to take over the world again, Sir Dan gets a chance to finally prove himself as the hero history remembers him as.
* [[VideoGame/FireEmblemTellius Raven King Naesala]] gets this in ''VideoGame/FireEmblemAwakening''. Specifically, in Olivia's supports with Donnel she sings a song about his romance with the heron princess Leanne. While this ''is'' true, the song reduces the story to a fairy-tale style romance (and "downgrades" Naesala to a [[PrinceCharming prince]]), conveniently leaving out some of his more...questionable deeds, such as his ChronicBackstabbingDisorder, selling his best friend into slavery and piratical raids on any human ships entering his territory.
** Also in ''VideoGame/FireEmblemAwakening'', this trope is inverted when Sumia talks with [[spoiler:her daughter from the future,]] Cynthia. Instead of making a morally questionable person out to be a hero, a heroic person is made out to be less ethical:
--->'''Cynthia:''' Well, in my time, you're a true legend. The most famed pegasus knight of all! There are so many stories of your heroic and terrible deeds. Like when you smashed through the enemy lines to rescue a stricken Chrom?
--->'''Sumia:''' Er...did I do that?
--->'''Cynthia:''' Or the time you argued with Chrom and slapped him in the face![[note]]Sumia actually ''did'' punch Chrom in the face as part of a GetAHoldOfYourselfMan moment.[[/note]]
--->'''Sumia:''' Gods above, I sound like a madwoman...
--->'''Cynthia:''' Or the time you went into a blood frenzy and downed friend and foe alike!
--->'''Sumia:''' I downed FRIENDS?! That's not heroic at all!
* In the backstory of the ''Franchise/MetalGear'' series, Big Boss' exploits from before [[VideoGame/MetalGear Outer Heaven]] were declassified at some point after [[VideoGame/MetalGearSolid2SonsOfLiberty the Big Shell Incident]] (a bit of LeaningOnTheFourthWall in that the game that came after that was a prequel focusing on Big Boss before he was Big Boss). As such, by the time of ''VideoGame/{{Metal Gear Solid 4|GunsOfThePatriots}}'', Big Boss is a legendary hero in the eyes of the current war economy - a far cry from the [[BloodKnight battle-obsessed soldier]] who [[BadBoss tried to lead his own organization to their deaths]] that Solid Snake knew him as.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Parodied on a ''WesternAnimation/RobotChicken'' sketch that shows Creator/BenjaminFranklin practicing with a bo staff and declares "For America!" at the very end.
** A different, but similar, sketch had UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution done in the style of the film ''Film/ThreeHundred''.
--->''"1776! It ain't accurate, but it'll blow your fucking mind!"''
* Jebediah Springfield on ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''. Touted as an archetypal pioneer who killed bears with his bare hands, [[spoiler: he was in fact a German pirate who once tried to off George Washington but got his ass kicked.]]
** And even before that was revealed, the narrator of the TV recreation showing a man dressed as a pioneer fighting a man in a bear suit says: ''" but modern historians think [[FridgeLogic that was the bear who killed him]]''
* One episode of the ''WesternAnimation/FairlyOddParents'' has Timmy wanting to make a parade float based on legendary Dimmsdale founder Dale Dimm; AJ scoffs at him, declaring Dale Dimm to be just a legend and wanting to base their float on Alden Bitterroot, who is given actual historical credit for founding Dimmsdale. It turns out they both sucked. When Timmy travels back in time, it turns out Dale IS real, but a moron who is an accidental IdiotHero AT BEST, and Alden Bitterroot is an obbessive and delusional witch hunter, identical ancestor of Crocker (who is actually a real witch himself and even more of an evil pain than his IdenticalGrandson!).