->''Admitting that genius which has familiarized itself with all the relics of an ancient period can sometimes, by the force of its sympathetic divination, restore the missing notes in the "music of humanity," and reconstruct the fragments into a whole which will really bring the remote past nearer to us, and interpret it to our duller apprehension,this form of imaginative power must always be among the very rarest, because it demands as much accurate and minute knowledge as creative vigour''
-->--'''Creator/GeorgeEliot''', ''Literature/SillyNovelsByLadyNovelists''

This is fiction set in a distinctive historical period other than the one the author lives in, which brushes up against actual historical figures if it doesn't star them outright. Depending on the bent of said author, they may let their [[AuthorTract biases]] bleed through via HistoricalHeroUpgrade or HistoricalVillainUpgrade. A HistoricalBeautyUpdate will make the story more fun without making it much less accurate. Important historical events are at least mentioned in passing if they don't have a strong influence on the plot. DeliberateValuesDissonance is frequent for historical accuracy. Often, the period predates a TropeBreaker (though sometimes the audience doesn't realize that).

This may overlap with AlternateHistory if the history is shown to play out differently and HistoricalFantasy if fantastic elements are present. Compare to PeriodPiece, which uses the past as a backdrop for the drama, while Historical Fiction is fiction in which historical events significantly affect the plot. HistoricalDetectiveFiction is a common subgenre.

Usually it includes one or more {{Historical Domain Character}}s, and may commonly employ ArtisticLicense when the author feels the story is more important than accuracy.
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!!Examples

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime & Manga]]
''See also JidaiGeki''.
[[index]]
* ''Manga/AnatoliaStory'', set in the Hitite Empire.
* ''Anime/LeChevalierDEon'', set in 18th Century Europe.
* ''Manga/{{Claudine}}'', set in France, but in the first decade of the XX century.
* ''Manga/EvyioneOceanFantasy'', set in 18th century Europe.
* ''Manga/HaikaraSanGaTooru'', set in ImperialJapan, in 1923.
* ''Manga/{{Historie}}'', set in the [[AncientGreece time of Alexander the Great]].
* ''Manga/HoneyHoneyNoSutekiNaBouken'', set in Vienna, 1907.
* ''Manga/KaseiYakyoku'', set in ImperialJapan of TheRoaringTwenties
* ''Manga/KazeToKiNoUta'', set 1880s France.
* ''Manga/{{Kingdom}}'', set in China, during the Warring States Period.
* ''Manga/MademoiselleButterfly'', set in the 1930s with {{geisha}}s.
* ''Manga/PeacemakerKurogane'' covers the pre-Meiji period from TheShinsengumi point of view.
* ''Manga/RoseOfVersailles'', set in pre-revolutionary France.
* ''Manga/RurouniKenshin'', set in the early Meiji period.
* ''Manga/SakuraGari'', set in the Taishou Era.
* ''Manga/ShutHell'', set in the early 13th Century, during Genghis Khan's time.
* ''Manga/VinlandSaga'' chronicles the rise to power of Cnut the Great in the Viking Age, amongst other things.
[[/index]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
[[index]]
* ''The Life and Times of [[ComicBook/DisneyDucksComicUniverse Scrooge McDuck]]'', by DonRosa, sets its main character in various decades from the 1870s to the 1940s, featuring such characters as Murdo Mac Kenzie, Wyatt Earp, and Theodore Roosevelt.
* ''{{Marvel 1602}}''
[[/index]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fan Works]]
[[index]]
* The ''Fanfic/{{Uplifted}}'' series is this. Especially the first trilogy, which takes place during World War II.
[[/index]]
[[/folder]]


[[folder:Film]]
[[index]]
* ''Film/AguirreTheWrathOfGod'', set in South America during the Age of Exploration.
* ''Literature/BenHur'', set during Jesus' lifetime.
* ''Film/EverAfter'', during the French Renaissance. Complete with [[HistoricalDomainCharacter Leonardo da Vinci]] (and the Mona Lisa).
* ''Film/ForrestGump'' inserts the title character at various points in American history from Elvis Presley to Hurricane Camille.
* ''Film/GangsOfNewYork'', set just before the Civil War draft riots, which break out during the climax.
* ''Film/{{Gladiator}}'', set during Commodus' reign.
* ''Film/GoneWithTheWind'', set during the Civil War and featuring an iconic burning of Atlanta.
* ''Film/InglouriousBasterds'', set during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.
* ''Film/MasterAndCommander''
* ''Film/PearlHarbor''. Unlike other Pearl Harbor movies, you have to sit through DevelopingDoomedCharacters first.
* ''QuoVadis'', set during Nero's reign.
* ''Film/TheRobe'', set during the reigns of Tiberius and Caligula.
* ''Film/{{Spartacus}}'', a retelling of Spartacus' revolt.
* ''Film/{{Titanic}}'', set during the 1912 sinking of the famous ship.
* ''Film/{{U571}}'', set during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.
[[/index]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
''See HistoricalFictionLiterature.''
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
''See also HistoricalSeries''.
[[index]]
* ''Series/{{Blackadder}}'', with each of its four seasons taking place at a different time in British history.
* ''Series/BombGirls'': Canadian drama set during World War II.
* ''Series/TheCaesars'', an earlier treatment of Julian emperors.
* ''Series/{{Copper}}'' is a police drama set in 1864 New York.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'' occasionally slips into this, and uses Time Travel to land in the periods of historical figures such as UsefulNotes/WinstonChurchill, Creator/WilliamShakespeare, Creator/AgathaChristie and Creator/VincentVanGogh. Of course, its not a straight HistoricalFiction, considering the aliens, space-ships, and 'mythological' creatures, but then [[GenreBusting when was the show's genre ever easily defined]]?
* ''DongYi'', set in late 17th century Korea during the reign of King Sukjong.
* ''Series/FallOfEagles'' MiniSeries dealing with the collapse of empires of Austo-Hungary, ImperialGermany and Russia.
* ''Series/IClaudius'', a biography of the Julian emperors up to Claudius based on a duology by Robert Graves.
* ''Series/{{Isabel}}'', based upon the reign of Queen Isabella I of Castile the Catholic.
* ''Series/{{Masada}}'', based upon the historical siege of the Masada citadel in Israel by legions of the TheRomanEmpire in AD 73.
* ''Series/MyPlace'' is probably the most ambitious example for Australian history. Starts in 2008 and travels back to pre-1788. Each episode is set in the same location, but a different decade, often with many of the same characters.
* ''Series/NorthAndSouthUS'', a three-part miniseries based upon the novels by John Jakes, set during and after UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar.
* ''Series/PrincessReturningPearl'', a Chinese series set in the [[{{ImperialChina}} Qing dynasty]] in the time of Emperor Qian Long. It tells the MistakenIdentity story of Xiao Yan Zi, an orphan living in Beijing and Zi Wei, the illegitimate daughter of the emperor.
* ''Series/TheRomanMysteries The Roman Mysteries'' is a historical DetectiveDrama series set in 1st Century AD of TheRomanEmpire.
* ''Series/{{Rome}}'' is the rise of the Julian dynasty from the perspective of ThoseTwoGuys.
[[/index]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theatre]]
[[index]]
* ''Theatre/AntonyAndCleopatra''
* ''Theatre/TheEmperorConstantine''
* ''Theatre/GotzVonBerlichingen''
* ''Theatre/HenryIV''
* ''Theatre/HenryV''
* ''Theatre/HenryVI''
* ''Theatre/HenryVIII''
* ''Theatre/JuliusCaesar''
* ''Theatre/KingJohn''
* ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}''
* ''Theatre/RichardII''
* ''Theatre/RichardIII''
[[/index]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:VisualNovels]]
[[index]]
* ''VisualNovel/{{Hakuouki}}'' is another {{Shinsengumi}} tale, covering through the end of the Boshin War.
* ''VisualNovel/{{Heileen}}''
[[/index]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Webcomics]]
[[index]]
* ''Webcomic/DelilahDirkAndTheTurkishLieutenant'' is a {{swashbuckler}} set in the Ottoman Empire in 1805.
* ''Webcomic/TheDreamer''
[[/index]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
[[index]]
* ''WesternAnimation/AnAmericanTail'', though taking place in a MouseWorld, mirrors what life was like for immigrants in New York during the 1880's.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Anastasia}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/LibertysKids'', set in UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution.
* ''Disney/{{Mulan}}''
* ''Disney/{{Pocahontas}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/PrincessSissi'', a German series that takes a ''lot'' of liberties with the story of Elizabeth of Bavaria's life.
[[/index]]
[[/folder]]
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