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[[quoteright:300:[[Theatre/MacBeth http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/william_shakespeare_macbeth.png]]]]

->''"Admitting that genius which has familiarized itself with all the relics of an ancient period can sometimes, by the force of its sympathetic divination, restore the missing notes in the "music of humanity," and reconstruct the fragments into a whole which will really bring the remote past nearer to us, and interpret it to our duller apprehension,–this form of imaginative power must always be among the very rarest, because it demands as much accurate and minute knowledge as creative vigour."''
-->--'''Creator/GeorgeEliot''', ''Literature/SillyNovelsByLadyNovelists''

This is fiction set in a distinctive historical period other than the one the author lives in, which brushes up against actual historical figures if it doesn't star them outright. Depending on the bent of said author, they may let their [[AuthorTract biases]] bleed through via HistoricalHeroUpgrade or HistoricalVillainUpgrade. A HistoricalBeautyUpdate will make the story more fun without making it much less accurate. Important historical events are at least mentioned in passing if they don't have a strong influence on the plot. DeliberateValuesDissonance is frequent for historical accuracy. Often, the period predates a TropeBreaker (though sometimes the audience doesn't realize that).

This may overlap with AlternateHistory if the history is shown to play out differently and HistoricalFantasy if fantastic elements are present. Compare to PeriodPiece, which uses the past as a backdrop for the drama, while Historical Fiction is fiction in which historical events significantly affect the plot. HistoricalDetectiveFiction is a common subgenre.

Usually it includes one or more {{Historical Domain Character}}s, and may commonly employ ArtisticLicense when the author feels the story is more important than accuracy.

Compare and contrast FieldTripToThePast and AdventuresInTheBible, in which characters from the present day go back in time to experience history.


[[folder: Anime & Manga]]
''See also JidaiGeki''.
* ''Manga/AnatoliaStory'', set in the Hittite Empire.
* ''Anime/LeChevalierDEon'', set in 18th-century Europe.
* ''Manga/{{Claudine}}'', set in France in the first decade of the 20th century.
* ''Manga/EvyioneOceanFantasy'', set in 18th-century Europe.
* ''Manga/GoldenKamuy'', set in early [=1900s=] Imperial Japan, specifically the northern island of Hokkaido.
* ''Manga/HaikaraSanGaTooru'', set in UsefulNotes/ImperialJapan, in 1923.
* ''Manga/{{Historie}}'', set in the [[AncientGreece time of Alexander the Great]].
* ''Manga/HoneyHoneyNoSutekiNaBouken'', set in Vienna, 1907.
* ''Manga/InnocentsShounenJuujigun'', set in 13th-century France and focusing on the Crusades.
* ''Manga/KaseiYakyoku'', set in UsefulNotes/ImperialJapan of TheRoaringTwenties
* ''Manga/KazeToKiNoUta'', set 1880s France.
* ''Manga/{{Kingdom}}'', set in China, during the Warring States Period.
* ''Manga/MademoiselleButterfly'', set in the 1930s with {{geisha}}s.
* ''Manga/PeacemakerKurogane'' covers the pre-Meiji period from UsefulNotes/TheShinsengumi point of view.
* ''Manga/RoseOfVersailles'', set in pre-revolutionary France.
* ''Manga/RurouniKenshin'', set in the early Meiji period.
* ''Manga/SakuraGari'', set in the Taishou Era, more exactly in 1920.
* ''Manga/SengokuStrays'', set in the Sengoku era.
* ''Manga/ShutHell'', set in the early 13th century, during Genghis Khan's time.
* ''Manga/{{Sidooh}}'', set in the mid-to-late 1800's, during the chaos of the Bakumatsu Era.
* ''Manga/VinlandSaga'', set in the 11th century during the Viking Age, and chronicling the adventures of famed explorer Thorfinn Karlsefni and the rise to power of Cnut the Great, among other things.
* ''Manga/{{Wolfsmund}}'', set in early 14th-century Switzerland and focusing on the Swiss war of independence against the Habsburgs.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/FromHell'' by Creator/AlanMoore is an impeccably researched depiction of Victorian London during the UsefulNotes/JackTheRipper murders. It mixes historical fiction and accurate detail with ConspiracyKitchenSink.
* ''The Life and Times of [[ComicBook/DisneyDucksComicUniverse Scrooge McDuck]]'', by Creator/DonRosa, sets its main character in various decades from the 1870s to the 1940s, featuring such characters as Murdo Mac Kenzie, Wyatt Earp, and Theodore Roosevelt.
* ''ComicBook/{{Marvel1602}}''
* ''ComicBook/{{Maus}}'' by Creator/ArtSpiegelman is more like non-fiction. It documents the experiences of Vladek Spiegelman, the author's father, during UsefulNotes/TheHolocaust.
* ''ComicBook/GustavVasa'' set in 16th-century Sweden.
* ''ComicBook/{{Three}}'' is set in Sparta in the fourth century BC. It features some {{Historical Domain Character}}s, but the plot itself is fictional.
* ''ComicBook/LesAiglesDeRome'' is about the Battle of Teutoburg Forest where several Roman legions were destroyed by a Germanic uprising. Numerous characters really did exist (such as Arminius), while others are fictitious.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* The ''Fanfic/{{Uplifted}}'' series is this. Especially the first trilogy, which takes place during World War II.

* ''Film/FourteenNinetyTwoConquestOfParadise'', about UsefulNotes/ChristopherColumbus and the discovery of America to the Europeans.
* ''Film/AguirreTheWrathOfGod'', set in South America during the Age of Exploration.
* ''Film/AroundTheWorldInEightyDays2004'': Set in VictorianLondon. The movie has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lord_Kelvin Lord Kelvin]] as BigBad with HistoricalVillainUpgrade. Cameos include Creator/VincentVanGogh, Creator/HenriDeToulouseLautrec, UsefulNotes/QueenVictoria, UsefulNotes/WongFeiHung, the Wright Brothers, and even the Art/StatueOfLiberty!
* ''Film/BarryLyndon'' set during the UsefulNotes/WarOfTheAustrianSuccession and Georgian England.
* ''Literature/BenHur'', set during Jesus' lifetime.
* ''Film/{{Cartouche}}'', about a famous French highwayman of the early 18th century.
* ''Film/{{Centurion}}'', depicts a possible fate of the Legio IX Hispania - the legendary Ninth Legion that [[LostRomanLegion mysteriously disappeared from Roman records in the early second century AD]].
* ''The Children of An Lac'', a film depicting two American women assisting a courageous Vietnamese orphanage caretaker evacuate hundreds of orphaned children to the United States shortly before the fall of Saigon during the Vietnam War.
* ''Film/TheEmigrants/TheNewLand'', depicting the story of a Swedish family's taking part in the beginning of the Swedish migration to the upper Midwest in the 1850's.
* ''Film/EverAfter'', during the French Renaissance. Complete with [[HistoricalDomainCharacter Leonardo da Vinci]] (and the Mona Lisa).
* ''Film/ForrestGump'' inserts the title character at various points in American history from Elvis Presley to Hurricane Camille.
* ''Film/FromHell'': Adapted from the comic (see above).
* ''Film/GangsOfNewYork'', set just before the Civil War draft riots, which break out during the climax.
* ''Film/{{Gladiator}}'', set during Commodus' reign.
* ''Film/GoneWithTheWind'', set during the Civil War and featuring an iconic burning of Atlanta.
* ''Film/HacksawRidge'', The infamous story of a conscientious objector who served as a combat medic on Okinawa during World War II.
* ''Film/TheHandmaiden'', set during the Japanese occupation of Korea in the 1930s.
* ''Film/InglouriousBasterds'', set during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.
* ''Film/{{Invictus}}'', set in UsefulNotes/SouthAfrica, in the early years of Nelson Mandela's administration.
* ''Film/IronWill'', a young musher sets out on a quest to save his family farm by winning a sled dog race through the Minnesota wilderness during World War I.
* ''Film/{{Kundun}}'', set in UsefulNotes/{{Tibet}} in the youth of the Dalai Lama.
* ''Film/TheLastEmperor'', a biography of the Emperor Pu Yi, chronicles Chinese history in the 20th century.
* ''Film/TheLastKingOfScotland'' is about Ugandan dictator UsefulNotes/IdiAmin during TheSeventies.
* ''Film/TheLeopard'', set during the UsefulNotes/WarsOfItalianIndependence
* ''Film/{{Lincoln}}'', set during UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar and the final days of UsefulNotes/AbrahamLincoln.
* ''Film/MarketaLazarova'', set during the HighMiddleAges, particularly towards the end of the 13th century.
* ''Film/MasterAndCommander'', set during UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars.
* ''Film/TheMessengerTheStoryOfJoanOfArc'', dramatization of the life of UsefulNotes/JoanOfArc.
* ''Film/MississippiBurning'', two investigators descend on a racist-ridden Mississippi town investigating the murders of three Civil Rights activists.
* ''Film/NorthFace'', about the 1936 attempt to climb the [[TitleDrop north face]] of the Eiger, a mountain in Switzerland.
* ''Film/PearlHarbor''. Unlike other Pearl Harbor movies, you have to sit through DevelopingDoomedCharacters first.
* ''Film/ThePromise2016'', set during the Ottoman Empire's involvement in UsefulNotes/WorldWarI and the Armenian genocide.
* ''Film/TheRavenTrilogy'' set in and around, Viking age UsefulNotes/{{Iceland}}
* ''Literature/QuoVadis'', set during Nero's reign.
* ''Film/RedCliff'': set in 208 AD in China, during the period of the end of Eastern Han Dynasty.
* ''Film/TheRobe'', set during the reigns of Tiberius and Caligula.
* ''Film/ARoyalAffair'', set in 18th-century Denmark, following the love affair of Queen Caroline Matilda and Dr Johann Struensee, her husband's advisor
* ''Film/TheSecretGarden'', set in Edwardian England where a ten-year-old girl is sent to live with her bitterly widowed uncle at his manor in the country after her parents are killed in an earthquake.
* ''Film/{{Silence}}'' set in UsefulNotes/{{Japan}} during [[UsefulNotes/SengokuPeriod the Edo Era]] chronicling the failure of a Portuguese Jesuit mission.
* ''Film/{{Spartacus}}'', a retelling of Spartacus' revolt.
* ''Film/SweatyBeards'', set in 10th-century Sweden.
* ''Film/{{Titanic 1997}}'', set during the 1912 sinking of the famous ship.
* ''Film/{{U 571}}'', set during UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.
* ''Film/ValhallaRising'', a group of vikings and Christian crusaders accidentally end up in the Americas in 1000 AD.
* ''Film/TheVikings'', Viking raids in Northumbria in the 9th century.
* ''Film/WangDeShengYan'' AKA The Last Supper, portraying the rise to power of Gaozu, the first Han emperor, and his last days.
* ''Film/YoungMrLincoln'', set during the early years of UsefulNotes/AbrahamLincoln.
* ''Film/{{Zodiac}}'', a {{Docudrama}} about the unidentified SerialKiller, [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zodiac_Killer Zodiac Killer]]. Set from TheSixties to TheEighties, while the final single scene is set in an early [[TheNineties 90's]].

''See HistoricalFictionLiterature.''

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
''See also HistoricalSeries''.
* ''Series/AnneWithAnE'', although based on a [[Literature/AnneOfGreenGables contemporary novel series]], there is a LOT of notable recentism inserted into this series.
* ''Series/{{Blackadder}}'', with each of its four seasons taking place at a different time in British history.
* ''Series/BombGirls'': Canadian drama set during World War II.
* ''Series/{{Britannia}}''
* ''Series/TheCaesars'', an earlier treatment of Julian emperors.
* ''Series/{{Copper}}'' is a police drama set in 1864 New York.
* ''Series/TheCountOfMonteCristo1998'', adaptation of Alexandre Dumas Sr. novel of the same name set in France during the Bourbon Restauration (1815-1830).
* ''Series/DoctorWho'' occasionally slips into this, and uses Time Travel to land in the periods of historical figures such as UsefulNotes/WinstonChurchill, Creator/WilliamShakespeare, Creator/AgathaChristie and Creator/VincentVanGogh. Of course, its not a straight HistoricalFiction, considering the aliens, space-ships, and 'mythological' creatures, but then [[GenreBusting when was the show's genre ever easily defined]]?
* ''Series/DongYi'', set in late 17th-century Korea during the reign of King Sukjong.
* ''Series/{{Faith}}'', Korean fantasy/historical/medical 24 episode series.
* ''Series/FallOfEagles'' MiniSeries dealing with the collapse of empires of Austro-Hungary, UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany and Russia.
* ''Series/IClaudius'', a biography of the Julian emperors up to Claudius based on a duology by Robert Graves.
* ''Series/{{Isabel}}'', based upon the reign of Queen Isabella I of Castile the Catholic.
* "Series/LandGirls", World War Two drama following women serving in the British civilian Women's Land Army.
* ''Series/{{Masada}}'', based upon the historical siege of the Masada citadel in Israel by legions of UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire in AD 73.
* ''Series/{{Medici}}'' a Renaissance era series, showing the ascendance of the powerful Medici family in Florence.
* ''Series/MercyStreet'' a Creator/{{PBS}} series that tells the story of a Union hospital in occupied Alexandria during the height of UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar.
* ''Series/MyPlace'' is probably the most ambitious example for Australian history. Starts in 2008 and travels back to pre-1788. Each episode is set in the same location, but a different decade, often with many of the same characters.
* ''Series/NorthAndSouthUS'', a three-part miniseries based upon the novels by John Jakes, set during and after UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar.
* ''Series/PeakyBlinders'' takes place in post World War I Birmingham.
* ''Series/ThePinkertons'' is set in UsefulNotes/KansasCity just after The American Civil War.
* ''Series/PrincessReturningPearl'', a Chinese series set in the [[{{ImperialChina}} Qing dynasty]] in the time of Emperor Qian Long. It tells the MistakenIdentity story of Xiao Yan Zi, an orphan living in Beijing and Zi Wei, the illegitimate daughter of the emperor.
* ''Series/TheRomanMysteries The Roman Mysteries'' is a historical DetectiveDrama series set in the 1st century AD of UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire.
* ''Series/{{Rome}}'' is the rise of the Julian dynasty from the perspective of ThoseTwoGuys.
* ''Series/TalesOfTheGoldMonkey'': TwoFistedTales in the South Pacific in the years before UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.
* ''{{Series/Versailles}}'', a French-British series about the court and reign of [[UsefulNotes/LouisXIV King Louis XIV]] of France.
* ''Series/{{X Company}}'' is set in 1942 during World War Two.
* ''Series/YoungIndianaJones'' is about [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin a younger]] Franchise/IndianaJones experiencing [[BeenThereShapedHistory various historical events]] and meeting many famous people in the early 20th century, especially UsefulNotes/WorldWarI.

* ''Theatre/{{Anastasia}}''
* ''Theatre/{{Annie}}'': Set in Depression-era New York City, an orphan is taken in and eventually adopted by a millionaire.
* ''Theatre/AntonyAndCleopatra''
* ''Theatre/TheEmperorConstantine''
* ''Theatre/GotzVonBerlichingen''
* ''Theatre/HenryIV''
* ''Theatre/HenryV''
* ''Theatre/HenryVI''
* ''Theatre/HenryVIII''
* ''Theatre/JuliusCaesar''
* ''Theatre/KingJohn''
* ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}''
* ''Theatre/RichardII''
* ''Theatre/RichardIII''

* ''VideoGame/AviaryAttorney'' is set in Paris in 1848 (or at least a WorldOfFunnyAnimals version thereof), and includes some of the events of the February Revolution.
* The ''Franchise/AssassinsCreed'' franchise uses ConspiracyKitchenSink as an ExcusePlot to indulge in recreations of actual historical events, places and figures.
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedI'' is set during UsefulNotes/TheCrusades.
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedII'' and its sequels ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedBrotherhood'' and ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedRevelations'' are set during UsefulNotes/TheRenaissance.
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedIII'' and ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedIIILiberation'' are set during UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution.
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedIVBlackFlag'' and ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedFreedomCry'' are set during UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfPiracy
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedRogue'' is set during the UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar.
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedUnity'' is set during UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution.
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedSyndicate'' is set in UsefulNotes/VictorianBritain.
** ''VideoGame/AssassinsCreedOrigins'' is set in AncientEgypt.
* ''VideoGame/BioshockInfinite'' is a fantastic steampunk recreation of America in the Presidency of William [=McKinley=].
* Like many World War II games, ''VideoGame/CallOfDuty'' recreates actual battles of World War II, some with more accuracy than others.
* ''VideoGame/DynastyWarriors'': Loose adaptation of ''Literature/RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms'' novel, which in turn is HistoricalFictionLiterature depicting events during the end of Eastern Han Dynasty (189-220 AD) and Three Kingdoms period in ancient China (220-280 AD).
* The ''VideoGame/{{Imperivm}}'' franchise recreates the old times of Rome.
* ''VideoGame/TheInvisibleHours'', an EnvironmentalNarrativeGame set in ChristieTime.
* ''VideoGame/KingdomComeDeliverance'' is set circa 1403 in the Kingdom of Bohemia as CivilWar breaks out.
* ''VideoGame/LANoire'' recreates Los Angeles in the 50s and involves actual historical figures and real-life events such as the Black Dahlia murder as part of its plot.
* ''VideoGame/NobunagasAmbition'': Set during UsefulNotes/SengokuJidai.
* ''VideoGame/RomanceOfTheThreeKingdoms'': same as ''Dynasty Warriors'' except it's mostly a strategy game.
* ''VideoGame/SamuraiWarriors'': Set during UsefulNotes/SengokuJidai.
* ''VideoGame/TotalWar''
** ''VideoGame/ShogunTotalWar''
** ''VideoGame/MedievalTotalWar''
** ''VideoGame/RomeTotalWar''
** ''VideoGame/MedievalIITotalWar''
** ''VideoGame/EmpireTotalWar''
** ''VideoGame/NapoleonTotalWar''
** ''VideoGame/TotalWarShogun2''
** ''VideoGame/TotalWarRomeII''
** ''VideoGame/TotalWarAttila''
** ''VideoGame/ThronesOfBritanniaATotalWarSaga''
** ''VideoGame/TotalWarThreeKingdoms''

* ''VisualNovel/{{Hakuouki}}'' is another UsefulNotes/{{Shinsengumi}} tale, covering through the end of the Boshin War.
* ''VisualNovel/{{Heileen}}''

* ''Webcomic/DelilahDirkAndTheTurkishLieutenant'' is a {{swashbuckler}} set in the Ottoman Empire in 1805.
* ''Webcomic/TheDreamer''

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''Literature/TheHistoryOfArturiusAurelianus''

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/AnAmericanTail'', though taking place in a MouseWorld, mirrors what life was like for immigrants in New York during the 1880's.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Anastasia}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/LibertysKids'', set in UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution.
* ''Disney/{{Mulan}}''
** ''Disney/MulanII''
* ''Disney/{{Pocahontas}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/PrincessSissi'', a German series that takes a ''lot'' of liberties with the story of Elizabeth of Bavaria's life.