Henry III (1216-72) was king of England and son of BadKingJohn. He is remembered as a man of pure morals and a patron of arts and architecture (he rebuilt Westminster Abbey).
But he was an autocrat like his father. His dreams of reclaiming the Angevin French possessions caused radical elements of Parliament to rebel and forced him to sign the Provisions of Oxford which put more limits to his power than the previous Magna Carta.
But what started as a reform movement turned into a coup. Henry was imprisoned and the "reformers" took charge. Henry's son [[EdwardTheFirst Lord Edward]] escaped and eventually defeated the reformers. The rest of Henry's reign was uneventful except for the fact that Edward was by then ruling the country in all but name.
* AChildShallLeadThem - Became king when he was just 9.
* WonTheWarLostThePeace - Even when Henry regained power, he still couldn't get rid of Parliament