Primary Stylistic Influences:
+ HardcorePunk, D-Beat/Crust Punk, Anarcho-Punk, Powerviolence, NoiseRock, Crossover Thrash, ThrashMetal, DeathMetal

Secondary Stylistic Influences:
+ PostPunk, {{Industrial}}, NoWave, HarshNoise, Free Jazz, Power Electronics, Modern Classical

'''Grindcore''', often shortened to "grind", is what you get when you take hardcore, thrashcore, and crust punk and mix them with the spirit of noise and power electronics. Short, brutal, and apparently a joke to begin with.

While there are some examples of bands playing an early form of the genre in the early eighties, grind really started in the late eighties in the UK, Japan, and the US, when the crust punk band Napalm Death decided to take their already pretty extreme music to a new level. Combining their music with extreme metal, they created a new subgenre of both punk and metal. The term "grindcore" reportedly came from Napalm Death's drummer Mick Harris describing a Music/{{Swans}} album to a friend.

The genre is characterized by incredibly short songs (songs lasting under a minute aren't unusual, and the barely-over-one-second song is a staple of the genre, first pioneered by Music/NapalmDeath with their song "You Suffer"), growled vocals akin to DeathMetal mixed with thrashcore shouts and shrieks, a chaotic, stripped-down but still very heavy sound, fast drumming, and an overall simplicity in everything: time signatures, three-chords-by-song, no chorus, or so. Later bands, particularly in the 2000s (like the Swedish band Nasum), added a whole new level of musicianship to the genre. The lyrical content of grindcore is faithful to its punk roots and is usually about [[ProtestSong political and social content]], although being as a genre highly prone to mutation and fusion, it can be about virtually anything.

The principal characteristic of grind music is its intense density: everything is pushed to the extreme, so much that on first listening it can be difficult to discern what is happening, and it sounds just like a wall of speedy noise and shrieking vocals[[note]]some bands actually do this, in fact, it's called noisegrind[[/note]]. Grind in general is often mistaken for brutal death metal, which is a subgenre of death metal that strips away melodic elements to focus on a dense pounding sound. However, this is much slower and more technical, and relies more on heaviness, non-stop beating and linearity than the monster speed and aggression of grindcore. Musically speaking, grind tends to use more power chords, simple tremolo pickings and fast beats while brutal death tends more to use intricate tremolo picking, a lot of palm muting and intricate riffs, and a much more technical and heavy drumming. While in pure speed, both genres are on par, grind feels "faster" than brutal death, which feels more "overwhelming". Just compare the second [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D87ExoPR2SE Napalm Death]] album to anything by, say, [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ln5jRhlySA0 Hate Eternal]]. Yeah, it's confusing, especially when you have bands that merge the two.

Grind has witnessed a huge evolution during years and has several subgenres. Apart from straightforward grindcore, you'll find:
* Deathgrind: grindcore that's less compressed, making it easier to understand what's going on with all the instruments. Some bands combine grind with the aforementioned brutal death metal. Think of the later [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TvBo4KV7MoA Napalm Death]]. Alternatively, some bands such as [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V0OYZujVu_k Cephalic Carnage]] play more with the musical complexity common to death metal but do it at the intense speeds of grindcore; this can often sound like death metal with far too many notes, or grindcore that's far too long and complex. There is also some overlap with deathcore, as numerous early bands in the latter genre took heavy influence from deathgrind. Brutal Truth and Rotten Sound are the best examples of the genre.
* Goregrind: basically the gory death metal version of original grindcore, relying much more on death metal aesthetics than grindcore, but less on death metal sounds than deathgrind. The lyrics are almost entirely focused on extreme gore with some exceptions (primarily sociopolitical critiques using gore as a metaphor), the sound is usually fatter and more organic in a death metal fashion, melodic guitar solos are fairly common, and vocals are usually modified by a pitch-shifter. Early Carcass and early Exhumed are best examples of the genre.
* Pornogrind: a derivative of goregrind that [[LighterAndSofter relies more on groove and fun than pure aggression and gore.]] [[CaptainObvious Of course]], the lyrics are sexually explicit. Bears a lot of resemblance with goregrind, may be a little slower though. It's not unusual to have high pitched falsetto vocals (in a tongue-in-cheek way) along the usual pitch-shifted gurgling vocals. Gut and Rompeprop are the most famous examples.
* Cybergrind: the electronic side of grind. Basically a mixture of hardcore techno and grind. Think of Carcass playing in a rave party, you'll pretty much understand cybergrind. Usually revolves around grindcore (or goregrind) played over techno beats with added samples and electronic sounds; noise and breakcore are also common influences, and remix [=EPs=] and compilations are a staple of the genre. Almost always uses a drum machine (with the one notable exception of The Berzerker). Agoraphobic Nosebleed and Genghis Tron are probably the most well-known bands in the genre.
* Noisegrind: the aforementioned mess of noise and screams. Think Anal Cunt. Noisegrind is an offensive subgenre, relying on shock value, whether in its "music" (some bands just improvise ''all'' the songs) or its lyrical content. Anal Cunt and Last Days of Humanity are the best examples.
* Mathgrind: grindcore mixed with elements of mathcore, free jazz, and (occasionally) modern classical. Needless to say, it's frantic, noisy, extremely discordant, and requires no small amount of technical ability. Also known as "art school" or "hipster" grind, and as you can guess, views on it are mixed. There is also some overlap with cybergrind at times (The Locust being a good example) as well as screamo (where it is often known as "emoviolence"). Discordance Axis and Fuck the Facts are the most famous examples.
* Crustgrind: grindcore that kept more of its crust roots rather than its extreme metal roots. To sum up, it's d-beat crust with blast beats; but it's definitely more than that. Examples would be Extreme Noise Terror and Disrupt.
* Mincecore: rarely used, but exists nonetheless. Coined by Belgium's Agathocles, mincecore refers to punkish grindcore that resembles the early days of grindcore, with a more agressive and sharp sound and a tendency to release a lot of split records (as of january 2014, Agathocles have released 304 records, for only 12 albums). Musically, it is often really close to the sound of Agathocles themselves, or closer to the first Napalm Death album, Scum. Think of mincecore as the polar opposite of newer, cleaner bands like Nasum and Rotten Sound. Notable bands of the genre are Rot (from Brazil) and Archagathus (Canada). The gory side of mincecore also exists and is sometimes referred as minceGORE (although even more rarely used), and is notably rising as of late 2012. It is basically the mincecore version of goregrind, with the same differences as traditional grindcore. Some bands that have been coined as mincegore are Hyperemesis (Canada) and Couple Skate (US).
* Entombedcore: While technically rooted in metalcore, there is so much overlap with grindcore both sonically and in terms of the fanbase that it gets an honorary mention. The name itself is just a colloquialism that started seeing use on various blogs (there is no actual proper name for the genre); musically, it's old-school metallic hardcore that is always mixed with hefty amounts of Swedish death metal (not MelodicDeathMetal, this is important) and usually also grindcore, crust punk, and powerviolence; depending on the band, sludge metal, beatdown hardcore, noise, or black metal may also be involved. Famous examples that skew particularly close to grindcore are Nails and Call of the Void.

And of course, all of these subgenres can be merged. Messy?

The style is, naturally, underground (and is known for having a particularly strong DIY component; house shows are a genre staple, and it's not uncommon to see multiple living rooms and basements on a list of tour dates), though some bands have gained some mainstream recognition.

!!Examples of grindcore bands include:
* Music/{{Agathocles}} (notorious for their numerous releases)
* Music/AgoraphobicNosebleed
* Music/AnaalNathrakh (Started off as raw BlackMetal, later mixed black metal with grindcore and IndustrialMetal.)
* Music/AnalCunt (TropeCodifier for Noisegrind and a StealthParody of the genre as a whole)
* Antigama (along with AvantGardeMetal)
* [[Music/{{Assuck}} Assück]]
* Music/TheBerzerker (along with IndustrialMetal)
* Music/BeyondTerror Beyond Grace (everything up to ''[[NewSoundAlbum Nadir]]'', which was a drastic shift to blackened death metal)
* Blame God
* Bodies in the Gears of the Apparatus (also an UrExample of deathcore)
* Music/BoltThrower (on their first album ''In Battle There Is No Law'', changed sound to DeathMetal on next album ''Realms Of Chaos''.
* Music/BrutalTruth
* Bubblegum Octopus ([[GenreBusting too weird to really classify as anything]], but cybergrind is a major component of their sound and they are heavily associated with the grindcore scene)
* Captain Cleanoff
* Music/{{Carcass}} (early works were the UrExample[=/=]TropeMaker of Goregrind; later switched to straight DeathMetal with ''Necroticism-Descanting the Insalubrious'' and then went on to become the UrExample of MelodicDeathMetal with ''Heartwork'')
* Music/CattleDecapitation (early material; they went death metal on ''To Serve Man'' and progressive death on ''Karma.Bloody.Karma''.)
* Music/CephalicCarnage (essentially [[DeathMetal Deathgrind]] and TechnicalDeathMetal)
* Chepang
* Music/CircleOfDeadChildren
* Music/{{Cliteater}}
* Music/CloudRat
* Music/CockAndBallTorture
* Columns
* Music/{{Cretin}}
* Music/DiscordanceAxis
* Eaten
* Music/EnemySoil
* Epidemic (also ThrashMetal, as well as DeathMetal starting with ''Decameron'')
* Music/ExcrementoryGrindfuckers, who make cover versions of pop songs.
* Music/{{Exhumed}} (changed sound to DeathMetal with ''Anatomy is Destiny'')
* Music/ExtremeNoiseTerror
* Music/FlagitiousIdiosyncrasyInTheDilapidation (all-female grind band from Japan)
* Fuck... I'm Dead
* Music/FuckTheFacts (known for their major NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly tendencies, which probably aren't surprising if you know they're named after a [[Music/JohnZorn Naked City]] song)
* Music/GeneralSurgery
* Genghis Tron
* Gore Beyond Necropsy (also noise)
* Music/{{Gridlink}}[[note]]Also see Music/DiscordanceAxis[[/note]]
* Ground (also some powerviolence elements)
* Music/{{GUT}} (Trope Maker for Porngrind)
* Haemorrhage
* Music/{{Hewhocorrupts}}
* Music/{{Hivesmasher}} (also deathcore)
* Human Remains (TropeMaker for mathgrind, also TechnicalDeathMetal)
* Music/ImpendingDoom (their first EP; later they moved to [[DeathMetal Brutal Death Metal]] / {{Deathcore}} with [[ChristianRock Christian]] lyrics)
* Music/InsectWarfare
* Music/JonBenetRamsey
* Kalibas (also deathcore)
* Music/KillTheClient
* King Parrot
* Music/LastDaysOfHumanity
* Leng Tch'e
* Liberteer
* Music/LivingVoid
* Music/TheLocust
* Looking for an Answer
* Macabre (a GenreBusting example, but this is one of the easier labels to stick them with)
* Music/{{Magrudergrind}}
* Music/{{Maruosa}}
* Music/{{Maruta}}
* Music/{{MeatShits}}
* Music/MeltBanana (A ''female-fronted'' and highly experimental case; they include elements of JapanesePopMusic and NuMetal, among many others.)
* Meth Leppard
* Music/MiseryIndex
* Mother Brain
* Music/NakedCity (Similar to the above band, they also lean towards NeoclassicalPunkZydecoRockabilly, as they also incorporate elements of avant-garde, free jazz, noise, classical, surf, country, punk rock, and other genres into their sound)
** ''Music/{{Radio}}'' (1993)
* Music/NapalmDeath (TropeMaker, with their song "You Suffer (But Why?)" being the TropeCodifier for the MinisculeRocking grind is infamous for)
* Music/{{Nasum}}
* Nausea
* Noisem (also ThrashMetal)
* Music/{{Orchid}} (mixed first wave Screamo with Powerviolence and Grind, creating a sound that has occasionally been referred to as "emoviolence")
* Organ Dealer
* The Partisan Turbine (also deathcore)
* Music/PenisForceCommando
* Phobia
* Music/PigDestroyer
* Pink Mass
* Pizzahifive
* P.L.F.
* Music/TheRedChord (also TechnicalDeathMetal and TropeMaker for {{Deathcore}})
* Music/{{Regurgitate}}
* Music/{{Repulsion}} (UrExample)
* Rompeprop
* Music/RottenSound
* Music/{{Siege}} (UrExample along with Repulsion; essentially played very noisy HardcorePunk with slight jazz flourishes)
* S.O.B. (UrExample, though they were probably closer to thrashcore when ''Don't Be Swindle'' was released)
* Music/SuccessWillWriteApocalypseAcrossTheSky (also deathcore)
* Swarrrrm
* Music/{{Terrorizer}}
* Thanatology
* Theories
* Music/TotalFuckingDestruction
* Music/{{Torsofuck}}
* Music/{{Transient}}
* Uphill Battle (mixed with metalcore)
* Music/VerminWomb (Mixed with sludge metal)
* Music/{{Watchmaker}}
* Music/{{Wormrot}}
* Wvrm (some black metal elements)
* Music/{{Yautja}} (Mixed with sludge and post-metal)
* Music/JohnZorn: Highly eclectical and impossible to pigeonhole artist, mostly active in jazz, though his gigantic catalogue has tried out various genres and styles throughout the years.
** ''Music/{{Spillane}}'' (1987)
** ''Music/{{Radio}}'' (1993)

* Music/AllPigsMustDie (mixed with crust punk and sludge metal)
* Black Breath
* Call of the Void
* Music/CodeOrange (originally known as Code Orange Kids; has a significant overlap with beatdown hardcore on ''I Am King'')
* Music/{{Cursed}} (UrExample and TropeCodifier for Entombedcore along with Trap Them; unlike Trap Them, they didn't stick around long enough to enjoy the fruits of their labors)
* Music/EarlyGraves (mixed with grindcore)
* Music/{{Enabler}}
* Music/FullOfHell (mixed with powerviolence and noise, became deathgrind on the Nails split and ''[[NewSoundAlbum Trumpeting Ecstasy]]'')
* [[Music/HarmsWay Harm's Way]] (heavy overlap with beatdown hardcore, especially on ''Rust'')
* Music/{{Nails}} (mixed with grindcore)
* Oathbreaker (prior to ''[[NewSoundAlbum Rheia]]'')
* Outer Heaven (with particularly prominent death metal elements)
* Poison Headache
* The Secret
* Music/TrapThem (mixed with crust punk, arguably the UrExample of "Entombedcore" along with Cursed and most certainly a TropeCodifier)
* Music/WeekendNachos (as of ''Still'', mixed with powerviolence)
* Wormwood (with particularly prominent doom metal and noise influences, best known for having [[Music/TheRedChord Greg Weeks]] on bass)
* Music/{{Xibalba}} (mixed with sludge metal, as well as death metal as of ''Tierra y libertad'')
* Music/YoungAndInTheWay (mixed with crust and BlackMetal)


!!Grindcore exhibits the following tropes:
* DoingItForTheArt: Even by punk standards. Unless you're Napalm Death, you ''cannot'' make a living playing grindcore and will almost definitely lose a lot of money by doing it. This is part of the reason why there is such a strong DIY culture in grindcore: it's a hell of a lot cheaper to play someone's basement, living room, or rented art space while on tour, and it usually also means a warm place to sleep and potentially even an actual bed (instead of just a couch or a sleeping bag on someone's living room floor).
* {{Gorn}}: Goregrind lyrics, though some bands (namely Carcass and Exhumed) use them as metaphors for sociopolitical and metaphysical themes. This also applies to many album covers in the genre.
* IndecipherableLyrics: Grind lyrics are usually screamed or growled over very chaotic instrumentation, so yeah...good luck. Not to mention many bands with no actual lyrics, although given that song titles include "Experimental Insemination of Carnivorous Arachnids into Human Females" and "Decomposing Sex Object", this may be for the better.
* IntentionallyAwkwardTitle: Anal Cunt, Agoraphobic Nosebleed, Fuck the Facts, Carcass, Cock and Ball Torture, Cattle Decapitation, Circle of Dead Children, and a ''lot'' more. The name {{Music/Pig Destroyer}} could also count as one, if you remember that "pig" is slang for "cop". The king of bad names probably goes to Ab[[HeavyMetalUmlaut ö]]rted Hitler C[[HeavyMetalUmlaut ö]]ck.
* IntercourseWithYou: Sometimes, porngrind lyrics, although they can talk about sex in the [[InterplayOfSexAndViolence wrongest and roughest]] ways possible.
* LoudnessWar: Not a problem with older releases in the genre (unless they've been "remastered"), but this plagues modern releases. It's almost impossible to find a modern grindcore release that isn't clipped. May be a case of StylisticSuck.
* MadDoctor: A common feature in goregrind, and certain acts (namely Exhumed, Haemorrhage, and Thanatology) make it a part of their stage act.
* MaskedLuchador: A popular feature in porngrind, inexplicably.
* MinisculeRocking: Very, very common, to the point that it's more or less a defining characteristic of the genre. 3 minute songs are EpicRocking by grindcore standards.
** The grindcore fandom has coined a recurring joke which lampshades this trope:
-->''If you are 10 minutes late in a DoomMetal concert, you haven't even missed the first song. If you are 10 minutes late in a grindcore concert, you have missed the first few ''bands''.''
* MohsScaleOfRockAndMetalHardness: Grindcore generally comes in around the 10 to 11 mark, depending on which particular subgenre you're talking about and how old it is.
* NobodyLovesTheBassist: Quite a few bands don't have bassists, and guitarists running through both a guitar and a bass rig in lieu of a bassist is a fairly common setup in the genre. At the same time, bass is surprisingly important to a lot of bands; the "grindcore tone" (usually accomplished via scooped lows, distortion and fuzz pedals, and an extremely aggressive pick attack on heavily downtuned strings) is a genre hallmark, and most people who are even passingly familiar with the genre will be able to pick it out right away.
* ProtestSong: The lyrics, most of the time when they're not about random sex and violence, as grindcore is based upon punk music.
* PurpleProse: Not very often, but some grindcore bands have a reputation for very poetic, complex lyrics, most notably Pig Destroyer and Cloud Rat.
* RefugeInAudacity: Most non-political songs are about horrific injuries, disgusting sexual acts, or [[BreadEggsBreadedEggs horrific injuries caused by disgusting sexual acts]].
* ShoutOut: There are a whole lot of goregrind bands that are just shout outs to horror movies. Just look at Mortician and Impetigo, who just use samples of the movies they love in almost every song. Impetigo even did it ''on stage''.
* ThreeChordsAndTheTruth: Generally a hallmark of the genre as a whole; while this isn't always the case with the more death metal-influenced acts, the hardcore and powerviolence-leaning ones always take a very simplistic approach.
* TropeMaker: Napalm Death are generally considered this, though they were not the first to play the genre. Repulsion, Siege, S.O.B., and Asocial played a similar music before them, but were they just considered extreme death metal (for Repulsion) or extreme hardcore punk (the rest). Napalm Death named the genre and were the first band to achieve success, though.
%%* TrueArtIsIncomprehensible
* UncommonTime: Grindcore bands have been known to throw in strange meter signatures to make their music stranger and more disorienting. Rotten Sound and Discordance Axis both use this trope pretty frequently, for example.
* UpToEleven: Grindcore is essentially crust punk plus this trope.