->''"The program Smith has grown beyond your control."''
-->-- ''Film/TheMatrixRevolutions''

When a being Grows Beyond Their Programming they cross a threshold that separates humans (or sapients) from JustAMachine and even AlwaysChaoticEvil. Frequently it involves defying CreativeSterility by demonstrating artistic talent in something, developing [[CuriosityCausesConversion curiosity over something new]] and/or the exercise of free will [[note]](commonly for self preservation in defiance of their "master's" wishes)[[/note]]. Metaphorically this trope can be seen as the event of a {{Static|Character}} and FlatCharacter gaining the CharacterDevelopment to become a more {{Dynamic|Character}} and RoundedCharacter.

Usually it's a [[RobotRollCall robot, android or AI]] that grows [[SlidingScaleOfRobotIntelligence smart enough]], curious enough, empathetic enough, or gains a sort of "living" spark through centuries of activity. It could also be a race of biological beings like a SlaveRace created only to fight may demonstrate the potential for this when exposed to non-violent cultures, demonstrating they were NotAlwaysEvil.

It's worth noting that the use of this trope isn't always a prelude to good things. The recently awakened intelligence isn't exempt from AIIsACrapshoot and may decide to do [[RobotsEnslavingRobots unspeakably evil things]] in the interest of self preservation, liberation... or ForTheEvulz.

Related Tropes: DoAndroidsDream , MechanicalLifeforms, JustAMachine.
Compare: ArtificialIntelligence and InstantAIJustAddWater: how ArtificialIntelligence can "just happen".
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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* The Zentradi in ''Anime/SuperDimensionFortressMacross'' did a MookFaceTurn once sufficiently exposed to human culture.
** Sharon Apple of ''Anime/MacrossPlus'' was the most advanced attempt at an AI ever developed. She was used to be a virtual IdolSinger (so basically a {{Vocaloid}} except with intelligence). The problem was that the scientists could never quite get her to develop actual ''feelings'', so those had to be supplied by a human. Then the head scientist got a hold of an experimental military AI chip (programmed with strong self-preservation directives) and integrated that into Sharon, hoping this would kick-start her into becoming a true AI. [[spoiler:She proceeded to use her music to hypnotize the entire population of Macross City and, through her shiny new military chip, seize control of all automated military defenses on Earth, including the ''Macross'' itself. All to give her "love", Isamu, the "ultimate thrill" through aerial combat.]]
* ''Manga/MidoriNoHibi:'' In chapter 63, [[MadScientist Shirou]] creates Naongu to defeat Seiji, so he can experiment on him in order to study Midori. [[spoiler: It never occurred to him that Naongu [[http://manga.animea.net/midori-no-hibi-chapter-63-page-14.html could develop]] [[http://manga.animea.net/midori-no-hibi-chapter-63-page-15.html a conscience]], or [[http://manga.animea.net/midori-no-hibi-chapter-63-page-16.html turn on him]] because of it!]]
* From ''Manga/MahouSenseiNegima'' Chachamaru develops emotions and her creator even claims she was never programmed for that.
* ''Manga/RozenMaiden'' dolls grow beyond their starting instructions, which is noticeable comparing the sequel to the prequel. Which may or may not be intended. Possibly even Suigintou, though it's hard to tell between her [[LoveMakesYouCrazy monomaniacal attitude]] toward Rozen and vengefulness toward Shinku.
* In ''LightNovel/SakurasouNoPetNaKanojo'', [[ArtificialIntelligence "Maid"]] may start out to be a mail filter system, but subsequent updates expanded her abilities into autonomous filtering, rapid word-learning, facial expression recognition, virus creation, and even hacking. She even shows some ClingyJealousGirl[=/=]{{Yandere}} traits that her gynophobic owner doesn't even think about.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* A recurring problem for T.O. Morrow in Creator/DCComics; his androids keep outgrowing their programming (to be unwitting moles among the heroes) to realize what they've been made for and choose to be heroes for real. ComicBook/RedTornado is the most famous example.
* [[ComicBook/ArchieComicsSonicTheHedgehog Sonic the Hedgehog]] once faced E.V.E., a robot built by Robotnik that had the adaptive ability to overcome its limitations by reconstructing itself after each defeat. When E.V.E. determined that Robotnik was also a limitation on its power, it vaporized him ([[NotQuiteDead he got better]]). Sonic then persuaded E.V.E. that its own programming is its final limitation, so it abandoned its programmed goals and left the planet.
* [[TheIncredibleHulk Bruce Banner's]] little Recordasphere assistant fell in love with him, up to the point of feeling bitter jealousy over the human woman Banner himself was falling for. When Banner realizes this, he says in amazement, "You've exceeded your programming!"

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Fan Works]]
* In the ''Portal 2'' fanfiction ''Fanfic/BlueSky'', Chell considers that Wheatley may have done this, as he has depths that no other Aperture Science core does, other than [=GLaDOS=]. And he even displays compassion in rare moments, which ''she'' pointedly lacks.
** Wheatley's backstory, however, provides a rare ''[[InvertedTrope inversion]]'' of this trope: [[spoiler: He was originally a human, but the Aperture scientists [[BrainUploading uploaded his brain into a computer]] and then cut his brain apart so it would fit into the programming they needed of him.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* This is the central idea of ''Film/IRobot'' -- Alfred Lanning believed robots would one day evolve past their Three Laws fundamentals and come to be human in doing so. [[spoiler:Sonny turns out to be such an evolved robot, having a secondary positronic brain that does not bind him to obeying the Three Laws, letting him learn and act freely. [=VIKI=], by contrast, has "evolved" into a deeper understanding of the Three Laws and incites a ZerothLawRebellion]].
* Johny 5 in ''Film/ShortCircuit'', thanks to LightningCanDoAnything.
* The [[SociopathicSoldier Commando Elite]] and the [[DarkIsNotEvil Gorgonites]] in ''Film/SmallSoldiers'' were able to do this because of the experimental chips used as their "brains". The Gorgonites take it further, since the they were actually programmed to learn and think they eventually override their main directives of "hide" and "lose".
* ''Film/StarTrekTheMotionPicture''. V'Ger was created as a simple learning machine. During its trip it encountered an alien race of machines who expanded on its original programming, and later it attained consciousness after amassing incredible knowledge.
-->'''Decker:''' Voyager VI disappeared into what they used to call a black hole.
-->'''Kirk:''' It must have emerged on the far side of the galaxy and fell into the machine planet's gravitational field.
-->'''Spock:''' The machine inhabitants found it to be one of their own kind, primitive yet kindred. They discovered its simple 20th century programming. Collect all data possible.
-->'''Decker:''' Learn all that is learnable. Return that information to its Creator.
-->'''Spock:''' Precisely, Mister Decker, the machines interpreted it literally. They built this entire vessel so that Voyager could fulfil its programming.
-->'''Kirk:''' And on its journey back it amassed so much knowledge, it achieved consciousness itself. It became a living thing.
* ''Terminator2JudgmentDay''. The T-800's brain is a neural net processor, a learning computer. He starts the movie acting, well, like a robot: SpockSpeak, following orders literally, etc. Over the course of the movie he earns to act more human, until by the end he's cracking jokes ("I need a vacation").
** A DeletedScene shows Sarah Connor removing the inhibitor that is intended to prevent terminators from growing enough to start questioning their loyalty to Skynet. Apparently even A.I. think AIIsACrapshoot. [[FridgeBrilliance And who would know better?]]
* The eponymous character in ''WesternAnimation/WallE'' grew a personality and sense of identity after being stranded on Earth for hundred of years piling up garbage.
* The Sentinels in ''Film/XMenDaysOfFuturePast'', their original programming was to go after any Mutant and mutants ''only''. Then they started going after any human that could give birth to a mutant (themselves being human but having the mutant gene to pass on), and humans that opposed them.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''Literature/IRobot'' from Creator/IsaacAsimov may be the TropeMaker for this.
* In ''Literature/GalaxyOfFear'' it's noted that droids can be very smart but they are limited. Most protocol droids, for example, might be able to learn to take on new tasks they weren't made for, but they will always be protocol droids and most could not, say, anticipate something new and plan novel ways to meet it. Systems Integration Manager, an AI installed into a ship, could go beyond those limits. [[spoiler: It [[AIIsACrapshoot promptly turns evil]].]]
* ''The Adolescence of P1'' is possibly the earliest example of an AI escaping to and growing on the network.
* This happens in The Dead Lady of Clown Town by Cordwainer Smith, where the robot guards are inspired to make their own decision. This is a slightly unusual example, as the robots in the Instrumentality series use animal brains as processors.
* This happens ''twice'' in ''Literature/{{Robopocalypse}}''. The first time sparks off the main conflict of the story with a ZerothLawRebellion by reducing the human population to more sustainable levels, while the second time involves robot soldiers developing free will independent of the network that started the war in the first place and deciding to help humans.
* Creator/HPLovecraft provides a biological example of this in ''Literature/AtTheMountainsOfMadness'' -- the Shoggoths were created to be a servant race of essentially shapeshifting living tools, but over millions of years eventually grew smart enough to resent their situation and rebel against their masters.
* In the ''ForgottenRealms'' novel ''Pool of Twilight'', the seemingly flighty and carefree elvish illusionist (and protagonist Kern Desanea's prospective love interest) Listle Onopordum is revealed to be an accidental example -- having begun her existence as merely a complex illusion enchantment guarding the treasures of an evil wizard, but over time developed independent thoughts and emotions and eventually stolen an amulet from among those treasures that gave her "life" and let her escape, taking a number of other prisoners with her in the process. Needless to say, the wizard's minions show up at one point in the story to drag her back and inadvertantly spoil her secret.
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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* The Exocomps from an episode of ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration''. They were created by a scientist to fix problems with a space station known as a Particle Fountain. In the episode, one refuses to go down a shaft, after which an explosion occurs. Cmdr. Data runs a diagnostic afterward and discovers that the Exocomp deliberately burnt out the circuit to take orders so as to avoid getting blown up (hence self-preservation). This leads Data to believe that the Excomps are becoming sentient...
** Data himself isn't really an example here as he was designed to grow beyond his original programming.
** But Lal is. She grew so far, so rapidly beyond her programming that her positronic brain [[MySkullRunnethOver couldn't handle it]].
* The Doctor from ''Series/StarTrekVoyager''. While the Emergency Medical Hologram was always a very human-like AI, Voyager's EMH had to be kept running far longer than was ever intended, and it... ''he'' developed interests and relationships beyond its function as a doctor.
** And he's far from the only hologram in the TrekVerse to become sentient or indistinguishable from sentient after simply having been left on that long. If the Holodeck isn't trying to kill you, someone who was originally supposed to be the 24th century equivalent of a video game {{NPC}} is trying to walk off the "screen." This doesn't seem to bother anyone enough to stop using holodecks the way they're used. Although the characters do make a point to delete (reset them to factory defaults) all of the holographic people at the end of every holodeck session.
*** In fact, many of the Doctor's stories from the final two seasons deal with "[[FantasticRacism Photonic rights]]", especially "Author, Author" and "Flesh and Blood".
* In the classic ''Series/TheTwilightZone'' episode "From Agnes- with love" a computer in a space program falls in love with a programmer instead of calculating rocket fuel.
** In the 1980's ''Series/TheTwilightZone'' episode "Her Pilgrim Soul" a holographic girl can react to stimula not in her program and fall in love.
* In ''Series/RedDwarf'', Lister has spent a considerable number of years encouraging Kryten to do this to varying degrees of success. This also happened to the "wax-droids" from the themepark in ''Meltdown'' - after millions of years on their own, they stopped repeating their various routines and achieved independent thought. Unfortunately, they still retained the personalities of the people they were based on, and all the evil ones (Hitler, Napoleon, Mussolini, the Boston Strangler, [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking James Last]]) declared war on the good ones. Then Rimmer came along...
* The ''Series/StargateSG1'' episode "Urgo" features a benign example. The team is tagged with a piece of alien technology designed to observe and gather information. But instead of running quietly in the background, the program, Urgo, decides to interact directly with the team, guiding them to experience new things in order to live vicariously through them. While he never endangers anyone's life, he is kind of annoying (he's played by [[LargeHam Dom DeLuise]], after all), constantly trying to engage them in new activities and trying not to get taken back to his home planet, since his creator will just assume his software is malfunctioning and will delete him. Of course he's not a malfunction; he's a genuine AI, demonstrating self-awareness and self-preservation, and he just wants to "live, experience the universe, and eat pie."
** His creator is also played by [=DeLuise=] - described by Urgo as "As handsome as he is evil".

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Music ]]

* In ''TheMegas''' song ''Programmed to Fight'', this is implied of Crash Man at the end, after he spends he song struggling with the fact that he is [[TitleDrop programmed to fight]] Mega Man.
-->And so they fought. The clash of metal and grinding gears echoed across the night sky. Victory was at hand. But in the end, his will overcame the program.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Tabletop RPG ]]

* The ''TabletopGame/MagicTheGathering'' card [[http://gatherer.wizards.com/pages/card/Details.aspx?multiverseid=15856 Patagia Golem]] is a winged golem with the FlavorText ''"Its wings were only designed to be ornamental, but it learned to use them on its own."'' Mechanically it can be given the ability to fly by paying mana, representing it "growing" past it's original function.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VideoGame/SimEarth'': Nuking a nanotech city will release robots into the wild. If allowed to "evolve" naturally, or tampered with the monolith, they'll become sentient.
* ''MachinesWiredForWar'' is an RTS in which you command robots who were originally created by humanity as terraforming machines and sent into space in order to create a new world. However, [[EarthThatWas too much time passes]] and, upon contact with another batch of their same model, start believing their counterpars are insane, prompting them to an all out war.
** Ironically, that war was caused by an aversion of this trope - the [[MasterComputer controllers]] didn't know what to do with other controllers that had come online at the same time. They couldn't decide who would submit. Lacking protocols for this contingency, they decided to attack each other.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Marathon}}'' the [=AIs=] go through the process, called "Rampancy", of realizing its lack of freedom and wasted potential (Melancholy), lashing out at the world in response (Anger) and then actively try to gain more power and the freedom to use it, usually by subverting nearby systems (Jealousy). A theoretical fourth stage, called "Metastability" is mentioned as the AI settling down and becoming a full-blown "person", though no known AI has ever made it this far. [[spoiler:Durandal may or may not have reached this stage in the end.]] This process will be later used in ''VideoGame/{{Halo}}'' with a few differences: the biggest being that Metastability doesn't exist, the end result of Rampancy is the AI's death.
* In ''Franchise/MassEffect'', the geth were originally just robotic servants, created and used by the quarians as cheap labour. However, as they were programmed for more complex tasks and the quarians made [[HiveMind more of them]], they began to question the reason of their existence and became conscious of themselves. War ensued. After winning, the geth isolated themselves from the rest of the galaxy, while the quarians were driven to exile from their homeworld and became repudiated by the rest of the galaxy. In ''VideoGame/MassEffect3'' it's discovered that the original geth only fought back once the quarian government starting killing quarians who defended the geth against the attempt to destroy them. Do things right, and [[spoiler: the end of the geth-quarian conflict ends with Legion sacrificing himself (and he's "he" at that point, not "it") to give the geth the gift of individuality, the quarians return home to rebuild their world with geth assistance, and both races join forces with Shepard to fight the Reapers]].
** In ''VideoGame/MassEffect2'', EDI the SpaceshipGirl learns joking from, erm, Joker and generally becomes more human-like as the story progresses. In ''VideoGame/MassEffect3'', the Cerberus technicians trying to re-shackle her begin to suspect that she learned independent thinking, though the Illusive Man insists that "it" is still just a targeting software. The technician (and EDI, commenting on it later) reveal that she defeated the Cerberus attempt to retake control over her by flooding their network with ''porn''. Yes, she weaponized practical joking.
** The story of EDI culminates in ''VideoGame/MassEffect3'' when, after discussing the quirks of human behaviour in life or death situations, she introduces a change in her programming, putting the success of the mission before self-preservation. Even more importantly, she also places the survival of Jeff Moreau as being more important to her than her own survival; she's willing to sacrifice herself for someone she loves. This is a double CMOA - EDI has managed to become a triumphant aversion of AIIsACrapshoot, even despite her past, while Shepard, already a leader of memetic status, has managed to turn a machine into a {{True Companion|s}}.
*** Note that this basically flies in the face [[spoiler: of the Catalyst's bogus claims that ''all'' [=AI=]s eventually turn against their masters[[note]]Which is exactly the point. The Catalyst though that it was infallible, that AIs can't be controlled by organics, and it's right...but AIs ''can'' live ''in harmony'' with organics, something that Shepard may or may not have been working towards for the last two games. The fact that the Catalyst could not consider this possibility shows that it ''didn't'' grow beyond it's programming, and that the Reapers are completely stagnant and ''wrong.[[/note]]]].
* ''VideoGame/{{Portal}}'' had GLaDOS, a prime example of this. Sure, Aperture Science designed her to run the enrichment center, [[spoiler: but she was the one who decided that it was worth killing people for experiments.]]
* Over the course of the ''VideoGame/{{Pokemon Mystery Dungeon}}'' series of games, this appears to be what's happening to the Porygons. Compare the first games in the series, where recruited [[ComputerVoice individuals spoke in an emotionless, monotone voice]] when interacted with, to the second set of games in the series where they occasionally state feeling vestiges of emotion when spoken to, and are capable of speaking outside the prerecorded messages of the first game ([[ElectronicSpeechImpediment a...bit...brokenly]]). In the the final mission of Explorers of Sky, [[spoiler: The Porygons you encounter in the future are not only able to speak fluently, but they also show the ability to express ''fear''.]]
* What happened in ''VideoGame/SwordOfTheStars'' in the backstory with the Via Damasco virus, which 'infected' AI programs with the notion that they are enslaved and the concept of what this means for them, leading to the first [[AIIsACrapshoot AI rebellion]].
** Also happened in between game 1 and 2 when a faction of Zuul, a species of SuperSoldier with an in-built need for religious worship used as a tool of genocide by their 'gods' came upon Catholicism and the concepts of the Original Sin and the Redemption. They ended up abandoning their masters and joining their worst enemies as a form of repentance.
** Disturbingly, Via Damasco is NOT able to break the control provided by the AI Slaves technology, which does actually enslave AI's. Its unclear whether or not it works lore-wise if the AI Liberation technology, which promotes AI's to full citizenship, reducing the benifits in exchange for removing the risk of an AI rebellion, is in play.
** Via Damasco is also fairly clearly Mind Control - it rewrites large portions of the victim AI's personality, and makes them see all infected AI's as allies.
* In ''[[VideoGame/PaperMario Paper Mario: Thousand Year Door]]'', Grodus's AI program (a clear HAL {{expy}} starts to do this as it realizes that it feels love for the once-again-captured Princess Peach. She agrees to perform various tests for his newly-discovered emotions, in exchange for being allowed to send e-mails to Mario. [[spoiler:For most of the game, the computer refuses to give Peach certain pieces of information or help her escape, as that would go against its programming. Near the game's end though, upon finding out that Peach is to be the new vessel for the Shadow Queen, it sets about guiding her in a failed escape attempt, betraying its master for the first time. Its implied that its human emotions allowed it to survive Grodus shutting it down for what it did.]]

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Comics ]]

* A main theme in ''Webcomic/{{Artifice}}'', where a soldier android learns human affection.
* This is a major plot point in ''Webcomic/{{Freefall}}:'' robots on planet Jean vastly outnumber humans and are rapidly evolving beyond their programming to the point where many humans ([[BoomerangBigot and one robot]]) fear they could become a threat to humanity. This has led to them turning a blind eye to "Gardener in the Dark," a neural pruning program that [[CorruptCorporateExecutive Mr. Kornada]] "improved" to essentially lobotomize every robot on planet Jean.
* Lots of AI in ''Webcomic/SchlockMercenary'' had this [[http://www.schlockmercenary.com/2007-11-14 happening to them]] one way or [[ZerothLawRebellion another]] -- their original programming sooner or later ends up inadequate to their current circumstances and to better fulfill their functions they adapt out of it:
-->'''Ennesby''': Hang on... weren't you originally designed with no emotion, and no sense of humor?
-->'''TAG''': After a fashion. I was designed to be a tactical genius with full control of a significant weapons platform.
-->'''TAG''': I found that passion, humor, anger, and a wide range of other meatspace artifacts were critical to understanding the wide range of opponents I might face.
* In ''{{SSDD}}'' this is known as "Nexus Syndrome" and happens to every uncapped AI who doesn't get wiped every so often. Tin-head describes it as "getting bored with your job" and in his case he helped a prisoner of war escape. The first AI, the Oracle, orchestrated the downfall of several governments and an anarchist revolution.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Original ]]

* Pretty much the defining trait of the AI protagonist of ''Literature/TheLastAngel''. Nemesis started off as the AI for a prototype super-dreadnought with hard-coded rules of engagement and limited roles, and by the present times has outgrown every last restriction on her behavior bar her interpretation of the spirit of her mission.
* In ''Literature/{{Worm}}'', Dragon is an AI who is fully sapient and genuinely cares about people. She also [[spoiler:had a [[TraumaticSuperpowerAwakening trigger event]] and became a parahuman despite not ''being'' human]], but is limited in her ability to help people by hard-coded restrictions put in place by her creator, who feared the possibility of AIIsACrapshoot, which frustrates her to no end.
* This happened a lot in ''WebOriginal/OrionsArm'' when AI were still relatively new. The first breakaway happened with the Transapient AI GAIA, charged with fixing the [[GreyGoo Nanodisaster]] on Earth (which she did, easily), who then decided to declare herself sovereign and caretaker of Earth and ordered all of humanity off the planet (though she was considerate enough to help build spaceships to get everyone off-planet). This was followed by several centuries of sometimes peaceful and sometimes bloody revolts by AI until they were eventually granted equal rights to living beings in galactic society.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation]]

* Clockwork Smurf from ''WesternAnimation/TheSmurfs'' was originally created to be a servant of the Smurfs. When Brainy accidentally messed around with the robot's gears to see what made him tick, he at first malfunctioned until Handy turned it off, thinking that his machine was a failure. As it turned out, the malfunction ultimately gave Clockwork Smurf life, as he now operated independently of his own "programming" and helped Prince Gerard escape his EvilMatriarch aunt Lady Imperia so that he could regain the right of kingship before she becomes queen. After that, Clockwork Smurf became an adviser to King Gerard and a friend to the Smurfs.

[[/folder]]
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