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[[quoteright:350:[[Theatre/{{Othello}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/IagoJealous_7829.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:[- '''[[ManipulativeBastard Iago]]:''' [[HypocriticalHumor O, beware, my lord, of jealousy!]]\\
It is the [[TropeNamers green-eyed monster]] which doth mock\\
The meat it feeds on...-] ]]

->''"He's faster than a bullet, stronger than a train\\
He's the one who got lucky, got his cape around Miss LoisLane\\
I can't believe my dilemma is real\\
I'm competing with the [[Franchise/{{Superman}} Man of Steel]]."''
-->-- "JimmyOlsen's Blues" by the Spin Doctors

Envy and jealousy are among the most powerful motivations in both fiction and RealLife. Literature/TheBible condemns it in many places, most famously in the Ten Commandments, and it's also one of the SevenDeadlySins.

Envy is the desire for some [[MacGuffin object, item]] or abstract notion (such as {{love| tropes}} or power), which can lead to hatred of the possessor(s) of said object. If they cannot secure the object for themselves, the envious party may go so far as to harm or ... ''[[MurderTheHypotenuse eliminate]]'' the possessor. If they're [[ItsAllAboutMe egocentric enough]], they may even [[IfIcantHaveYou destroy/kill the object]]. The Envious party may not have coveted the object at all until they saw another person having or enjoying it.

Similar to but distinct from envy is jealousy, which applies much more to relationships. Jealousy is the fear by the possessing party of losing the object. For those in a relationship, this means fear of being supplanted in the object's heart by someone (or even some''thing'' else). To be precise, envy is the desire for something one does not have whereas jealousy is the fear of losing that something. Both result in similar behaviour.

Envious and jealous characters on the losing side of a Love Triangle will often fall into the trap of assuming things about their competitor - [[HopelessSuitor or]] [[ImaginaryLoveTriangle 'competitor']]. Such characters are seldom portrayed positively - most are villains - and as such they [[EvilCannotComprehendGood tend to assume some rather bad things about their rivals]]. Expect to see some WhatDoesSheSeeInHim on their parts. [[EvilIsPetty Furthermore, they may]] [[MaliciousSlander slander]] their rivals with accusations of unsavoury actions and/or attribute base motives (such as {{pride}}) to their actions. Whether they actually [[BelievingTheirOwnLies believe there is a fundamental truth to such slander]] - or have even been manipulated by a third party - plays a big part in determining audience sympathy for them.

This is the motivation behind the bad kind of DeadPersonImpersonation. A GenreSavvy character may attempt to exploit this with OperationJealousy. See also YoureJustJealous. FeetOfClay or ShroudedInMyth may prove that the envy was unmerited -- often to the glee of the envious. On the other hand, a story about the LonelyRichKid or some other SourGrapesTropes may demonstrate that the envy is wrong because the envied person really suffers more than the person doing the envy (and not because it's wrong to hate people for what they have).

Romantically, may stem from being LoveHungry and lead to a desire to MurderTheHypotenuse -- or be sacrificed because IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy. Occasionally, it can actually overcome CannotSpitItOut-- OperationJealousy may overtly attempt to engineer this -- or [[GreenEyedEpiphany lead to]] a LoveEpiphany. A man driven by it [[MamasBabyPapasMaybe will often unreasonably doubt whether a child really is his.]]

Because the grass is always greener on the other side of the fence, frequently two characters envy each other, as when an ordinary child envies the gifted child's [[DrivenByEnvy abilities and rewards]], and the gifted child envies the ordinary child's freedom from pressure.

When the trope is not connected to love, but rather based on a character's envy of another's talent or success, they are DrivenByEnvy. TheLancer (among heroes) and TheStarscream (among villains) are particularly prone to the Green-Eyed Monster. The DarkMagicalGirl often envies the MagicalGirl. Inspiring envy is a defining trait of TheMinnesotaFats, and feeling it, of ClingyJealousGirl, CrazyJealousGuy, the FairestOfThemAll, and TheResenter. The {{Yandere}} is defined by it. The DaddysGirl, inspired by it, may regard ''any'' possible stepmother as a WickedStepmother, even if she's truly the sweetest person in the world. DividedWeFall is often motivated by it.

One of MarySue's more noticeable traits is that many characters do not suffer from the Green-Eyed Monster about her, regardless of how plausible it is that they would not envy her gifts or be jealous of her romantic success. Either that, or the MarySue (specially the of SympatheticSue kind) will suffer horrific, mean-spirited attacks inspired by the Green-Eyed Monster, specially if it's from [[DieForOurShip the character who poses the biggest threat to her and her beau's True Love]].

Oddly enough, ''not'' correlated with characters who have GreenEyes. Not related to [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_Monster the 37-foot high left field wall]] at [[{{UsefulNotes/Baseball}} Fenway Park in Boston]], unless you're envious of someone else having a ballpark with something cool like that.
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!!Examples:

* GreenEyedMonster/AnimeAndManga
* GreenEyedMonster/{{Comics}}
* GreenEyedMonster/FairyTales
* GreenEyedMonster/FanFiction
* GreenEyedMonster/AnimatedFilms
* GreenEyedMonster/{{Live-Action Films}}
* GreenEyedMonster/{{Literature}}
* GreenEyedMonster/{{Live-Action TV}}
* GreenEyedMonster/{{Music}}
* GreenEyedMonster/MythologyAndReligion
* GreenEyedMonster/VideoGames
* GreenEyedMonster/WebComics
* GreenEyedMonster/WesternAnimation

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[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* In ''ComicStrip/FlashGordon'', Dale's attempt to vamp the king of the hawkmen into sparing Flash backfires when his jealous favorite pushes her from the tower.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Pinball]]
* In ''[[Pinball/WHODunnit WHO dunnit]]'', Trixie sees Victoria as a threat to her (one-sided) relationship with Tony.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Radio]]
* In ''Radio/OldHarrysGame'', this really seems to be Satan's preeminent sin. At least OncePerEpisode, to the point of {{Catchphrase}}, the Professor alleges that Satan hates and corrupts various aspects of human life because, "You're just jealous." This accusation is born out by the fact that Satan is clearly very self-loathing. Also interesting is that while Satan's Fall was mostly God just being a dick, it's indicated that he wanted to be top Angel and was jealous of any others being put above him. Finally, we're told (since it's a radio show) that Satan has green eyes.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Theater]]
* The page pic and caption about the Green Eyed Monster come from Creator/WilliamShakespeare's ''Theatre/{{Othello}}'', also the TropeNamer. The tragedy of the play comes about because of misplaced jealousy on the part of the title character because of a horrible lie about his wife Desdemona told by ManipulativeBastard Iago, who many say was himself motivated by envy toward Cassio, who Othello promoted instead of him.
** Theatre/TheMerchantOfVenice, written before Othello, has Portia reference "green-eyed jealousy".
** Shakespeare was fond of this one. Envy is the primary motivation driving many of his characters, including Claudio in ''MuchAdoAboutNothing'' and Leontes in ''Theatre/TheWintersTale''.
** In ''AMidsummerNightsDream'', Titania accuses Oberon of this, and Helena's got it, in spades.
* The ''hashihime'', sometimes translated as "bridge princess", is a figure from Noh theater who either committed suicide or openly cursed her cheating husband, and was turned into a bridge-haunting spirit.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* Miou in ''VisualNovel/AProfile'' is extremely jealous of Masayuki's stepsister Rizu after Masayuki broke up with her to repair his relationship with said sister. How she reacts varies by route, but the story goes out of its way to show that she does have a point due to the circumstances involved.
* ''VisualNovel/SchoolDays'': Sekai and Kotonoha. VERY jealous of each other because they both like Makoto. The most infamous endings (as well as the one for the anime adaptation) have things ending very, ''very'' badly as a result.
* ''VisualNovel/UminekoNoNakuKoroNi'' features [[MeaningfulName Leviathan]], the second of the [[QuirkyMinibossSquad Stakes of Purgatory]]. She's a whiny crybaby who envied her sisters for seven days. However, not even her envy is a match for [[spoiler:Kyrie]] who envied [[spoiler:Asumu]] for ''eighteen years''. Leviathan develops [[LesYay a bit of]] [[FoeYay a crush]] on her after that.
* In one of the bad endings for ''VisualNovel/BionicHeart'', the main character's new android love interest [[spoiler:murders his ex-girlfriend]] when she becomes jealous of all of the time that the protagonist spends with his ex.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* In one Mario animated video online called "The Color of Envy", Luigi, jealous of Princess Toadstool favoring Mario, frees Wario from the dungeon, kills all the guards who oppose him, and throws Mario in the dungeon.
* [[DrHorriblesSingAlongBlog Dr. Horrible's]] envy of [[SmugSuper Captain Hammer]] fuels everything he does. It starts out with perpetual envy and disgust of Hammer's success and the (arguably undeserved) worship the city gives him, but what really drives him over the edge is envy/jealousy over Hammer dating the girl he's had his eye on, and Hammer gloating about it to rub it in his face, to boot. [[DownerEnding It doesn't end well.]] At all.
* Part of why WebVideo/TheNostalgiaCritic's a BadBoss. Reviewing is the only thing he has so he's freaked out by people going into his territory and doing it better than him (or so he thinks).
* WebVideo/TheNostalgiaChick and WebVideo/ObscurusLupa are friendly at first (or as friendly as the Chick can be), but when Chick discovers Lupa has Todd's affections but doesn't want them, she's so jealous that she tries to kill the redhead.
[[/folder]]
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