''Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid'' by Douglas Hofstadter is an intricate and complex study of Strange Loops, MetaConcepts in general and their connection to self-awareness and intelligence. Each chapter is separated from the next by a short fictional piece in the style of Creator/LewisCarroll, which exemplifies the theme of the following chapter.

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!!!The Dialogues contain examples of:
* AllJustADream: The Subjunc-TV dialogue is All Just A Hypothetical Situation.
* [[AllThereInTheManual All There in the Index]]: For example, to find where the true end of ''Aria with Diverse Variations'' is, search for 'typos'.
* ArcWords: "RICERCAR".
* ArtificialIntelligence: Discussed.
* AuthorAvatar
* BreatherEpisode: The interlude "English French German Suite", consisting of Lewis Carroll's poem "Literature/{{Jabberwocky}}" in three languages, taking place between two chapters of theories on how the human mind works.
* CulturalTranslation: Several have been approved by the author.
* {{Defictionalization}}: When Hofstadter heard that there was a real Bach goblet, he edited the French version of GEB to make the depiction of the book's goblet the same as the real one.
* DistractedByTheShiny: The dialogues seem to get much more attention than the actual essay section of the book.
* DoorStopper
* UsefulNotes/FermatsLastTheorem
* {{Foreshadowing}}: Looking at the semantic network on page 370 reveals a lot about the latter half of the book.
* FunWithAcronyms: The chapter "Contracrostipunctus", which contains an acrostic which itself contains an acrostic.
** RICERCAR and CEGABBAB (Babbage, C. backwards) show up in the last chapter.
* GoldSilverCopperStandard: ... Well, okay, not really. But the words "Copper", "silver", and "gold" appear (in that order) in several places.
* GratuitousForeignLanguage: French and Latin.
* GuideDangIt: Despite the cross-references referred to on this page, there are numerous others which are harder to spot; in fact, [[http://www.faqs.org/faqs/books/hofstadter-GEB-FAQ/ there are pages about the numerous]] [[http://www.nada.kth.se/~kai/lectures/geb.html references in each chapter]].
* HereWeGoAgain: The ending, which also [[spoiler:makes the entire book into a FramingDevice for itself]].
* HiddenInPlainSight: The answers to the puzzles in "Sonata for An Unaccompanied Achilles." Not only [[spoiler:is the answer explicitly used in the text]], it is also [[spoiler: the two puzzles ''make up the entire word'']].
* InstructionalDialogue
* {{Koan}}: On a whole bunch of baffling ones.
* LogicBomb
* {{Metafiction}}: Some stories are so extremely meta that they have no content other than discussions of themselves discussing themselves discussing themselves ad infinitum, usually indirectly.
* MusicalThemeNaming: Every dialogue is named after a piece by JohannSebastianBach, or a pun on one.
* NestedStory: "Little Harmonic Labyrinth", which [[spoiler:actually ends while still one level "down"]].
* PaintingTheMedium
* PublicDomainCharacter: Achilles and the Tortoise, from the Greek philosopher Zeno (who also himself appears).
* PunnyName: The coppers Silva and Gould.
* RecurringRiff: This dialogue, repeated, at least, some variation of, thrice; on pages 62, 200, and 724.
-->''Achilles'': Say, don't you play the guitar?
-->''Tortoise'': Fiddle. It makes a big difference, you know.
-->''Achilles'': Oh, well, it's all the same to me.
* RecursiveAcronym: "GOD" in "Little Harmonic Labyrinth" (short for "GOD Over Djinn").
* RecursiveReality. In so many ways.
* SchrodingersButterfly
* ShesAManInJapan: The Tortoise is referred to as male in the original, but the French word for tortoise is the feminine ''tortue''. Hofstadter, who is interested in the phenomenon of unconscious sexism in language, was delighted when this was pointed out, and gave the French translators the go-ahead to make the Tortoise a female character.
* SelfDeprecation: A book about "metal-logic", called ''Copper, Silver, Gold: an Indestructible Metallic Alloy'' is mentioned in the dialogues. The Crab says that it's "filled with strange Dialogues about many subjects, including molecular biology, fugues, Zen Buddhism, and heaven knows what else." Achilles responds that "probably some crackpot wrote it". The book is also listed in the bibliography, where it's called "a formidable hodge-podge, turgid and confused". Indeed very little praise is given to its author, Egbert B. Gebstadter.
* SelfFulfillingProphecy: Commented on if a psychic who could determine the minds of other people was allowed to choose his or her jury if accused.
* SpoiledByTheFormat: The Tortoise and Achilles discuss using {{Filler}} to counteract this problem. [[invoked]]
* StealthPun
* SubvertedRhymeEveryOccasion: In one of the dialogues, the Crab puts on a record of himself singing "A Song Without Time or Season." Here's how it goes:
-->A turner of phrases quite pleasin',\\
Had a penchant for trick'ry and teasin'.\\
In his songs, the last line\\
Might seem sans design;\\
What I mean is, without why or wherefore.
** This is [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]] almost immediately:
--->''Achilles'': Lovely! Only I'm puzzled by one thing. It seems to me that in your song, the last line is--\\
''Crab'': Sans design?\\
''Achilles'': No ... What I mean is, without rhyme or reason.
* TextbookHumor: Well, the text wasn't all that serious to begin with, but you have to wonder when Hofstadter describes the DNA of a feline as CATCATCATCATCAT...
* TitleDrop: In the form of BookEnds.
* ToBeContinued: The two Dialogues Prelude... and ... Ant Fugue are, well, two sections of a separated story. The end of the former ends with [=TTortoise=] [[[YouMakeMeSic sic]]], while the latter begins with Achilles and [=CCrab=] [[[YouMakeMeSic sic]]], using "ATTACCA" [[note]]in music, an instruction meaning "continue straight on without a break"[[/note]] as a guide.
* TheTreacheryOfImages: Subverted--one character takes the pipe out of the painting and smokes it.
* VariantChess
* ViewersAreGeniuses: The dialogues, especially, conceal mathematical jokes that aren't explained in the text. For example, in a spoof of FermatsLastTheorem, the Tortoise claims to have found a counterexample in which the exponent ''n'' is "the only positive integer which does not occur anywhere in the continued fraction for pi". Mathematically inclined readers will know that, while the famous constants ''e'' and sqrt(2) have highly patterned continued fractions, that for pi is quasi-random, so the Tortoise's claim is of no help at all in finding the value of ''n''.
* YourPrincessIsInAnotherCastle: A unique version of a fake ending which takes place ''after'' the actual ending.
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