->'''Sharon/Athena:''' Just being with you and Kara feels like I've come home. It's like I'm back in the fleet.\\
'''Helo:''' But you were never in the fleet. That was the other Sharon.\\
'''Sharon/Athena:''' I know. I know that. But I remember all of it. Like getting my wings. My first trip aboard the Galactica. You know, the memory of being in a uniform is so strong, is so potent, it's, like, I'm Sharon Valerii and this is my family. That's pretty weird, huh?\\
'''Helo:''' That's okay. I like weird.
-->-- ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}'', "Home, part 2"

A character gets others' memories or abilities through some external means, like magic or... [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin ghosts]]. Compare with GeneticMemory, which uses genetics, reincarnation, and whatnot. Or FakeMemories, in which the implanted memory is totally made up. Contrast DeathAmnesia. Not to be confused with GhostAmnesia, which is when a ghost can not remember their own memories.



[[folder: Anime ]]

* Immortals in ''LightNovel/{{Baccano}}'' [[YouKillItYouBoughtIt inherit the memories]] of any and every immortal that they kill by "devouring" them. How much they affect you depends on the person -- [[IdiotHero Firo]] copes with having the memories of a three hundred-year-old MadScientist and eighteen of his victims by simply insisting [[DumbIsGood he's too dumb to remember or make sense of any of it]], [[spoiler:although he admits to Maiza several years later that he's terrified of the possibility that Szilard's sadistic tendancies might surface in his own personality]]. Czeslaw, on the other hand, [[BreakTheCutie doesn't handle]] [[CreepyChild it quite]] [[CrazySurvivalist so well...]]
** While Firo has the memories of a bunch of strangers running through him, Czes picked up the ghost memory of his beloved guardian, who spent upwards of 200 years gleefully torturing the kid under [[ForTheEvulz the completely false premise]] of "ForScience". It's basically AmnesiacDissonance leading to a(n even more) BrokenPedestal, only the memories he recovered weren't his own.
* A rather creepy part of the first ''Anime/GhostInTheShell'' film. No, you have no ex-wife, or daughter. A hacker put them in your brain so you would do his bidding.
** Perhaps even more disturbing is the moment in which he is asked to look at the photo he kept trying to show his coworker of his daughter and it turns out to be a photo of him and ''his dog''.
* ''Manga/TheLuciferAndBiscuitHammer'': [[spoiler:The Dog Knight's dying wish was to pass on his martial arts abilities to the Lizard Knight]] and himself appears when those abilities finally come into use.
* Used by Gartlant (Yeah, I don't get the name either) in ''Anime/SaberMarionetteJ''. Each ''[[ThoseWackyNazis fuhrer]]'' gets the memories of his predecessors impressed on him by a machine. It's not a pleasant process, and turned the current Faust from a normal kid to a vicious bastard who mistreated Tiger, Panther, and Luchs/Lynx from that day forward.
* Chimera Ants in ''Manga/HunterXHunter'' can sometimes recall memories from creatures eaten by their queen, to the point that some of them could be considered {{Reincarnation}}s of them.


[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* Franchise/MarvelUniverse limited series ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kitty_Pryde_and_Wolverine Kitty Pryde and Wolverine]]''. The evil {{Ninja}} Ogun tries to take over ComicBook/KittyPryde by impressing his mind on hers. Among other things, this gives her knowledge such as the ability to perfectly prepare a Japanese rock garden.
* Absorbing people's memories is one side effect of ComicBook/{{Rogue}}'s powers in most ''Comicbook/XMen'' continuities, as well.
* In ''ComicBook/TheSandman'' [[spoiler:the second Corinthian is troubled by occasionally experiencing thoughts and memories left over from the first one]].
* In ''Comicbook/{{Starman}}'' [[spoiler:Will Payton and Prince Gavyn are merged into the same person and can switch between forms. While in the form of one, they have the Ghost Memory of the other.]]
* In the Franchise/DCUniverse, this is how the legacy of the ComicBook/GreatTen's Accomplished Perfect Physician works. Each new holder of the title inherits the collective memories of their predecessors; the current one is the seventeenth, giving him sixteen lifetimes of experience to draw on.
* In ''ComicBook/SuperiorSpiderman'', [[spoiler:Peter Parker's memories]] continue to haunt the Superior Spider-Man.
* This trope affects Chromedome in ''ComicBook/TransformersMoreThanMeetsTheEye'' as a ''severe'' side effect of his [[MindMeld mnemosurgery abilities]]. The thing is, he can [[InterrogatingTheDead read the memories of the dead]], but the side effect of that is that by reading their memories, he also ends up experiencing them, which is in turn [[TransferableMemory recorded in his memory from his perspective]]. The big problem with that is that ''he now knows how it feels to die,'' repeatedly, innumerable times, and in innumerable ways. They have become literal NightmareFuel for him, in that [[BadDreams these memories torment him irregularly and unexpectedly]] while he recharges until he [[CatapultNightmare flings himself awake in a terror]]. It's little wonder he was DrivenToSuicide (though fortunately [[HappilyFailedSuicide he never went through with it]]). To make it even worse, it's revealed that mnemosurgery is addictive and eventually kills its practitioners.
* In ''ComicBook/ArchieComicsSonicTheHedgehog'', Sonic, Dr. Eggman, Orbot and Cubot retain the memories of the old universe due to being in the epicenter of the final of ''ComicBook/SonicTheHedgehogMegaManWorldsCollide'' and Sonic is able to restore the Freedom Fighters' memories by using NICOLE's energy buildup. However, Eggman points out that the memories of the new universe are asserting themselves and they would lose the memories of the old universe, which has indeed happened.
* In ''ComicBook/TheVision2015'', [[RobotGirl Virginia]]'s personality is based on a brain scan of [[spoiler: the Scarlet Witch]], and thus shares some of her memories (such as [[spoiler: the magical formula for seeing into the future]]) despite being otherwise distinct from her.


[[folder: Fanfiction ]]

* In the ''Franchise/{{Naruto}}'' AU [[https://www.fanfiction.net/s/11491965/1/Memories-Of-Others Memories Of Others]], Naruto discovers that by shadow-cloning someone, he can get their experiences once the clones dispel. This lets him overcome his previous ignorance since the person he clones most is the one helping him to learn everything he missed out on.
* In the VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII fanfic, ''[[FanFic/CissneisPath Cissnei's Path]]'', Aerith [[spoiler:gains the memories of all the previous Cetra that visited the Temple of Ancients through the Well of Knowledge. The net result leaves her with centuries worth of her people's heritage and the ability to use magic without materia.]]
* In ''Fanfic/{{Kage}}'', Jade's [[EnemyWithin Queen of the Shadowkhan persona]] reveals that she knows about the Shadowkhan and [[CastingAShadow shadow magic]] surprisingly much because when Jade [[ContinuityNod wore one half of an Oni Mask]], the trapped Oni General's mind mixed with her own, sharing memories and subconscious traits as a side-effect. The reason only the Queen remembers this is because Jade subconsciously rejected the memories for being linked to the Shadowkhan. However, the Queen is able to share those memories with Jade when she has no other choice.
* In the ''Franchies/MassEffect'' fic ''Fanfic/ProjectDelta'', Jane is implanted with some augments on which the past cycles worked like on the Crucible. She somehow gets the pain and vague memories of all the past augmented.


[[folder: Film ]]

* In ''Film/TotalRecall1990'', people of TheFuture typically take vacations by having the memory of an exciting trip implanted in their brains, rather than by going on an actual trip somewhere.
* In the eminently forgettable Ray Liotta film ''Film/{{Unforgettable|1996}}'', a doctor, accused of the murder of his wife, injects himself with her memories, or some damn thing.


[[folder: Literature ]]

* In Creator/FrankHerbert's later ''Franchise/{{Dune}}'' [[Literature/HereticsOfDune series novels]], the Bene Gesserit have the ability to share memories by using their mental disciplines. Some of them have the combined [[Literature/ChapterhouseDune memories of a]] ''[[Literature/ChapterhouseDune planet's]]'' [[Literature/ChapterhouseDune worth of their fellow Bene Gesserit]].
* In The Glass Flower by G. Martin: [[spoiler: It�s revealed by the end of the book that the memories that the protagonist received were so overwhelming for him that he lost his identity in them and shifted more towards that of the original owner of those memories.]]
* In the novel ''Literature/GreenRider'', Karigan is briefly possessed by a dead swordsmaster and fights another swordsmaster to save her own life. Later, the moves and skill he used is available to her, making her a better fighter than before.
* ''Literature/TheSwordOfTruth'': Richard channels the skills of the titular sword's previous users in order to defeat a large group of master swordsmen.
* ''Literature/TheWheelOfTime'': [[spoiler:Mat blurted out]] a wish [[spoiler:to have the holes in his memory filled]], and the wishgivers responded by filling his head with spare memories of other people who had visited them. [[spoiler:This turns him into a brilliant general, and his already [[BornLucky obscene luck]] doesn't hurt either]]. He also demonstrates cases of GeneticMemory early in the series.
* Creator/TerryPratchett's ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'':
** ''Discworld/AHatFullOfSky'' has the hiver, a creature that inhabits people, drives them mad, and leaves with impressions of them when they die. A hiver inhabits the protagonist, Tiffany. It is eventually driven out, but for a while Tiffany has trouble figuring out who she is. By the next book it's all been settled, except for the memory of this one wizard who stirs every now and again to translate something or randomly exposit. It's not SharingABody or anything like that; he's called "a ghost of a ghost", not self-aware.
** Also, Jeanie, the Nac Mac Feegle's Kelda, is able to access the memories of all Kelda that have been and will be via a ritual.
** The Dis-organizer in ''Discworld/{{Jingo}}'' is somehow switched for that of an alternate timeline in which Vimes stays in Ankh-Morpork and is killed by the invading Klatchians.
* In Creator/EEDocSmith's ''[[Literature/SkylarkSeries The Skylark of Space]]'', the heroes befriend an alien race that builds mind-reading machines. They use one of these machines to learn each others' languages. Later, they use one on the brain of a ''dead'' enemy to learn his secrets, effectively gaining the memories of the dead person.
* ''Literature/MalazanBookOfTheFallen'': Apsalar is possessed for a while by Cotillion, the god of assassins, and gains some of his memories along with great skill at knife-fighting.
* Introduced subtly at first, this becomes a major plot point in Creator/PamelaDean's ''Literature/TheSecretCountry'' trilogy.
* ''[[http://clarkesworldmagazine.com/lee_01_11/ Ghostweight]]'', a short sci-fi story by Yoon Ha Lee. A woman plans her RoaringRampageOfRevenge against the mercenary fleet that destroyed her people with the help of one of their 'ghosts' -- it turns out the ghost is not all he appears to be.
* In Creator/RobertWestall's ''Literature/UrnBurial'', the Fefethil war-leader Prepoc's tomb included a 'memory-helmet' which gives it's human discoverer, Ralph Edwards, insights into Prepoc's past life by showing him 'snapshots' of things that had happened in it's owners life.
* The robotic beings in ''Literature/SaturnsChildren'' can obtain the memories of their sibs (other individuals of the same model) by putting in the sib's "soul chip".
* ''[[Literature/TheEchoriumSequence Dark Quetzal]]'': All quetzal have access to the "Memoryplace", a sort of telepathic/magical ancestral memory. By ingesting a certain flower, humans are able to tap in.
* ''Kiln People'' by David Brin has clay golems that you can copy your soul into. They only last 24 hours, but if your 'ditto' makes it home before it expires you can copy its memories back into your organic head.
* In one ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}'' book, they visit the [[ProudMerchantRaceGuy Iskoort]], who have a booming trade where people have their memories copied and then sold to others for entertainment. They use the money from selling their own memories to fund everything they need (helped by the fact that Erek, who has [[ReallySevenHundredYearsOld several millennia]] worth, is with them). This technology also proves valuable in finally defeating the Howlers and striking a major blow against [[CosmicHorror Crayak]].
** The [[OmnicidalManiac Howlers]] themselves have a collective memory shared by the entire species. The [[PuppeteerParasite Yeerks]] also gain memories from anyone they infest.


[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Franchise/{{Buffyverse}}'':
** Potential Slayers have a subconscious memory of the actions of past Slayers. While this usually only manifests through bizarre, monster-filled dreams, in the case of Dana (in the ''Series/{{Angel}}'' episode "Damage") the memories combined with her already fragile psyche to send her on a killing spree.
** Another example comes from the ''Series/{{Buffy|the Vampire Slayer}}'' episode "Halloween"; Xander is magically transformed into a soldier, giving him memories of various military tactics and operational rules that come in useful in "Innocence" and "Graduation Day".
** Illyria has Fred's memories, but not her soul.
* Sharon "Athena" Valerii still had all of the memories of Sharon "Boomer" Valerii up to a certain point in ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}''. This goes true for other Cylon models as well, but the Eights are the only model who we have seen sharing memories. Another Eight does it again in 'The Hub'.
* ''Series/{{Dollhouse}}'' Actives usually have FakeMemories, but sometimes get the memories of other people. Some of their fake personas are constructed from bits of actual people (anyone scanned by a Rossum medical brainscan), such as "Ellie Penn" in "Ghost".
* In ''Series/{{Fringe}}'', this is done to [[spoiler:Olivia to convince her that she is her alternate universe counterpart.]]
* In the ''Series/RedDwarf'' episode Thanks For The Memory, Lister gives Rimmer 12 months of his memory as a birthday present. He really should have bought him a tie...
* The Trill in ''Franchise/StarTrek'' are small slug like creatures that can bond to a host body, and when the body dies it is implanted in a new one, giving it all the memories and experiences of the previous hosts
** Also in the ''[[Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration The Next Generation]]'' episode, "The Inner Light," Captain Picard receives a lifetime of memories belonging to a man named Kamin on a dying world through Alien [[AppliedPhlebotinum Phlebotinum.]]
*** Actually, he was convinced that he was Kamin and reacted as such. The memories of the planet were a combination of the environment and his own pesonality. Whether the real Kamin's life, if there had actually been one, was the same is never addressed.
* In the ''Series/DoctorWho'' ChristmasEpisode, "The Next Doctor," a man named Jackson Lake became [[TitleDrop the next Doctor]] [[spoiler: when a gadget called an "infostamp" backfired and disgorged its contents into his mind. He also watched as the Cybermen killed his wife and kidnapped his son. His already-broken mind readily accepted the information]].
* ''Series/{{Proof}}'':
** In "Memento Vivere," three comatose patients in one hospital ward suddenly flatline all at the same time, just as another patient in the same room regains consciousness. She cannot recall anything about herself, but mysteriously has the memories of the other three patients who died.
** In "Reborn," a woman claims that her son Matthew, who has been dead for 8 years, was somehow reincarnated as Kyle, another woman's child. Both boys were piano prodigies, who exhibited the same tics while playing the piano, had the same favorite piece, and had the same extremely rare heart condition. A recurring dream Kyle had also happened to match an event in Matthew's early childhood.


[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* ''TabletopGame/Warhammer40000'': some of the more ancient wargear available to humans and Eldar can retain a "ghost" of previous users' experiences. This tends to go badly when the equipmet is wired directly into the user's brain, such as Titans, or a previous user turned to Chaos.


[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight'' Masters and Servants can see each others' memories while they sleep. This reveals Saber and Archer's backstories, goals, personalities and identities. They also tend to depress both Servants and Masters because the things they see tend to be real downers.
** In the Unlimited Blade Works route Shirou gets glimpses of Archer's life and death due to [[spoiler:their souls being in sync as Archer is an alternate version of Shirou]].
** [[spoiler:Shirou's Reality Marble]] allows him to see the history of any sword it records, including how it was wielded. This allows him to experience some of the weapon's memories and reproduce the wielder's skills to some degree.
* In ''VideoGame/{{Baroque}}'', the brothers "Left" and "Right" retain each other's memories when each of them die to replace each other. The kicker: For quite a bit of the game, they don't know the other exists. That wacky Amnesia.
* ''VideoGame/SystemShock2'' has these as a result of the game's AppliedPhlebotinum. While walking along, your character will occasionally see ghosts acting out what usually turn out to be their last moments alive.
* In ''VideoGame/BioShock1'', it's revealed in an audio diary found near the beginning of "Arcadia" that the visions seen throughout the game are from the genetic memory of any person whose ADAM was extracted (by the Little Sisters) from their blood to be recycled after they died. Those who splice up with the ADAM (including the main characters, Jack and Subject Delta) end up getting some of these memories with it, experienced in the form of seeing such "ghosts". This becomes a very important plot point in [[VideoGame/BioShock2 the sequel]].
* It's implied that [[spoiler:Bastila Shan]] from ''VideoGame/KnightsOfTheOldRepublic'' is experiencing some... feedback from her [[PsychicLink Force Bond]]. Probably explains the SanitySlippage.
* In ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyV'', Krile inherits the abilities of [[spoiler:Galuf after his death]].
** The very first [[VideoGame/FinalFantasyI Final Fantasy]] game had a race called the Lufenians who pass down the memories of their ancestors in some type of ceremony, which seems to be why they're the only ones who know much about what happened 400 years ago.
** This ceremony would later prove crucial to the backstory of ''VideoGame/DissidiaFinalFantasy''.
* In VideoGame/MetalGearSolid3SnakeEater, The Sorrow was a telepath who would channel the spirits of dead soldiers to imbue himself with combat prowess.
* ''Franchise/KingdomHearts'':
** After ''VideoGame/KingdomHeartsChainOfMemories'', Sora was put into sleep to recover from his FakeMemories. During the interquel ''VideoGame/KingdomHearts358DaysOver2'', [[spoiler:some of Sora's memories entered Xion, an OppositeSexClone of Sora, which kept him from waking up.]]
** In ''VideoGame/KingdomHearts3DDreamDropDistance'', [[spoiler:Roxas meets with Sora in a dream and transfers the memories of his life into Sora.]]
* In ''VideoGame/WinterVoices'', these are the vast majority of the enemies you face, especially The Nameless or when you enter The Seid.
* ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls''
** The extinct [[OurDwarvesAreDifferent Dwemer]] counted among their many [[LostTechnology technological achievements]] a machine which could safely read an [[TomeOfEldritchLore Elder Scroll]] and imprint the information gained from it on a special cube where it could be more-safely accessed. ("More-safely" is a relative term, as the cubes have still been known to drive non-Dwemer mad.)
** The extinct Ayleids (Wild Elves) had memory crystals which could store memories and release them to the user. Overuse of these crystals was said to cause a "[[MySkullRunnethOver problem of capacity]]" for mortal minds.
** The ancient Yokudans, [[{{Precursors}} ancestors]] of the Redguards, had memory-stones which enabled those who used them to [[InstantExpert master complex sword techniques overnight]], although the user needed to have some knowledge already to understand what was being taught and many of the maneuvers required extensive physical training to actually ''use'' them in battle.
*** Such a memory stone shows up in an ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsOnline'' quest which allows one to witness the final days of the legendary Redguard hero, Gaiden Shinji, prior to his death via CavalryBetrayal during the siege of Orsinium.
* In ''VideoGame/MassEffect'', if Shepard does a certain quest early in the game, they receive a small and apparently useless Prothean device as a reward. Much later while exploring an alien planet, they can find a Prothean artifact that will react with the device, uploading several years worth of memory from an ancient human that the Protheans had been studying into Shepard's brain. The Beacon encountered on Eden Prime also worked in this way, but due to its damaged state the images it uploaded were indistinct and required Shepard to find several other parts before they made sense.


[[folder: Web Comics ]]

* In the webcomic ''Webcomic/{{Inverloch}}'', Neirran absorbs the mind of another mage who was dying. This gives her all his memories and access to all the spells he knew.
* In ''Webcomic/MSPaintAdventures'', future Dream Rose "survives" her time line ceasing to exist by fusing with her present dream self, giving her memories of the alternate timeline.
* ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive'': Ellen is an OppositeSexClone of another character, with all of his memories up until her creation. Then later Nioi showed up. Nioi claimed that since Ellen's [[OurSoulsAreDifferent soul]] was barely a couple months old, while she has the body and mind of a 17-year-old, she'll end up going insane. So Nioi "offers"[[note]]she doesn't actually wait for Ellen to agree, or explain it in enough detail for Ellen to fully consent, or mention her ulterior motive for wanting to do this to Ellen[[/note]] to "fix" the problem. For the next few weeks, when she slept, Ellen dreamt of life in another world, where she was born a girl (not a clone of a guy) and grew up normally. She retained all the memories of this other life, down to her own [[{{Squick}} birth]]. It's so far caused her as much angst as relief.


[[folder: Web Original ]]

* Agent Washington from ''Machinima/RedVsBlue'' received the memories of the Alpha [=AI=] and its creator/[[BrainUploading template]], [[spoiler:the Director]] via its LivingMemory component, Epsilon.
** The AIs in general, particularly Alpha, are examples of this, with their memories being based on their creator's. [[spoiler:Epsilon!Tex is arguably also an example, with her memories being based on Epsilon's memories of what she should be like... which are in turn based on Church's memories, which are based on the Director's. It gets confusing.]]