[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/bddanslain.png]]

Among European comics, comic book series made primarily in France and Belgium -- also known as '''BD''', from their French name ''bande dessinée'' ("drawn strip") -- are a huge industry by themselves (3rd largest in the world, after U.S. ComicBooks and Japanese {{Manga}}) and have produced many great classics. They are also quite distinct from their American and Japanese counterparts (though cultural co-mingling has reduced those a bit, especially concerning manga; their extremely high popularity since the early '90s has forced the industry to adapt a bit to survive).

First, the mainstream and intellectual perception of the medium is in stark contrast to that of the U.S.; in Europe, comics are called "le Neuvième Art", the Ninth Art. The influence of French-language comics in Europe has spread this concept to other national comics industries, such as those of Great Britain, Spain and Italy (and South America, to a lesser degree), to a noticeable extent. The lack of any truly constraining [[UsefulNotes/TheComicsCode Comics Code]] or puritan MoralGuardians-enforced laws allowed creators and publishers to use more mature themes and concepts in their works, and to later move away from purely children's stories to more adult-oriented works in the TheSixties virtually seamlessly (the fact that it was a more permissive time than TheFifties probably helped). While youth-oriented comics are still a major part of the industry, many are perennial LongRunners and/or are rife with ParentalBonus, and there is little to no social stigma attached to being a fan or a collector. In fact, it is almost impossible to find a house in France that doesn't have a bunch of comics on a shelf somewhere.

The publishing methods and format is distinct from that in the U.S. Volumes, called "albums", are usually at A4 size (21cm x 30cm[[note]] or if you want to be pedantic, 210 x 297 mm[[/note]], the slightly-larger European equivalent of "letter-sized" [=8.5'' x 11''=] paper), hardbound and normally between 40 and 60 pages long. New albums in a series typically appear at a rate of one per year. Really prolific series can go up to three or four albums a year. However, it isn't unheard of for some authors (especially those who are prone to a CastOfSnowflakes and/or SceneryPorn) to need several years for a new album. This rarely seems to put off fans of a series.

Like manga, many titles are first pre-published piece by piece in the publisher's [[AnthologyComic comics magazine]], mostly those aimed at children and teens. In those, one-page funnies blur the lines between comicbooks and NewspaperComics.

See also BelgianComics, comics strictly made in Belgium, and containing comics from Flanders that don't fall under the Franco-Belgian tradition.

Please don't add a link unless you intend to actually write the corresponding entry.

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!!French-Belgian comic book series:

[[index]]
* ''ComicBook/AchilleTalon'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/AlbanyAndSturgess'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Alix}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Arawn}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Aria}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/AnselmeLanturlu'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/BarbeRouge'' (French)
* ''ComicStrip/{{Becassine}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/BenoitBrisefer'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/BillyTheCat'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/BlackMoonChronicles'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/TheBlackOrderBrigade'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Blacksad}}'' (Spanish)
* ''ComicBook/BlakeAndMortimer'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/LesBlondes'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/Block109'' (French)
* ''Comicbook/{{Blueberry}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/BlueIsTheWarmestColor'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/BouleEtBill'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/LaBrigadeChimerique'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/BuckDanny'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Chlorophylle}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/LesCompagnonsDuCrepuscule'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/CortoMaltese'' (Italian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Cubitus}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/DeCapeEtDeCrocs'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/DallasBarr'' (Belgian)
* ''AudioPlay/LeDonjonDeNaheulbeuk'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/DrCataclysm'' (Belgian)
* ''Manga/{{Dreamland}}'' (French)
* Five series set in the ComicBook/DungeonUniverse: (French)
** ''ComicBook/DungeonTheEarlyYears'' (Donjon Potron-minet)
** ''ComicBook/DungeonZenith'' (Donjon Zénith)
** ''ComicBook/DungeonTwilight'' (Donjon Crépuscule)
** ''ComicBook/DungeonParade'' (Donjon Parade)
** ''ComicBook/DungeonMonstres'' (Donjon Monsters)
* ''ComicBook/{{Embroideries}}'' (French/Iranian)
* ''ComicBook/{{END}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/LesFemmesEnBlanc'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/FreaksSqueele'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Garulfo}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/GastonLagaffe'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/LeGenieDesAlpages'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/IdeesNoires'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/LesInnommables'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/InspectorCanardo'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Iznogoud}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Jeremiah}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/JimCutlass'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/JoeBarTeam'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/JohanAndPeewit'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/JourJ'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/JoZetteAndJocko'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Kairos}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/KidPaddle'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/LamentOfTheLostMoors'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Lanfeust}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/LesLegendaires'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/LesSisters'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/LeonardLeGenie'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Lou}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/LuckyLuke'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/LesLumieresDeLAmalou'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Marsupilami}}'' (Belgian)
* Four series set in ComicBook/MetabaronsUniverse: (Belgian)
** ''ComicBook/TheIncal'' (French)
*** ''Before the Incal'' (Avant l'Incal)
*** ''After the Incal'' (Après l'Incal)
** ''ComicBook/TheMetabarons'' (French)
** ''ComicBook/TheTechnopriests'' (French)
** ''ComicBook/{{Megalex}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/LesMondesDAldebaran'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/MonsieurJean'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Murena}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Muse}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Natacha}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/LesNaufragesDYthaq'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Noob}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/LesNombrils'' (French Canadian comic, though published by Dupuis)
* ''ComicBook/{{Orphanimo}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Okko}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Papyrus}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Persepolis}}'' (French/Iranian)
* ''ComicBook/PeterPan'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Philemon}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Pouvoirpoint}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/QuaiDOrsay'' (French)
* ''ComicStrip/QuickAndFlupke'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/TheRabbisCat'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/LaQueteDeLOiseauDuTemps'' (Roxanna & The Quest for the Time-Bird) (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Rahan}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/RedEars'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/RequiemVampireKnight'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/LaRibambelle'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/RicHochet'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/LeRoiCyclope'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Rork}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Sasmira}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/LesSisters'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/TheSmurfs'' (Les Schtroumpfs) (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/LeScorpion'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/TheScrameustache'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/TheSecretHistory'' (Belgian)
* ''Manga/SentaiSchool'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Seuls}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Sillage}}'' (Wake) (French)
* ''ComicBook/SkyDoll'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Soda}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/SpirouAndFantasio'' (Belgian)
** ''ComicBook/LePetitSpirou'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Thorgal}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/TifEtTondu'' (Belgian)
* ''Franchise/{{Tintin}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/{{Titeuf}}'' (Swiss)
* ''ComicBook/{{Travis}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/LesTuniquesBleues (The Bluecoats)'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/UniversalWarOne'' (French)
* [[ComicBook/{{Valerian}} Valérian and Laureline]]'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{Wampus}}'' (French)
* ''ComicBook/{{XIII}}'' (Belgian)
* ''ComicBook/YokoTsuno'' (Belgian)

!!Franco-Belgian comic creators:

* [[Creator/{{DavidB}} David B]]
* Creator/EnkiBilal
* Christophe Blain
* Creator/FredBeltran
* Creator/FredericBoilet
* Francois Bourgeon
* Claire Bretecher
* Yves Chaland
* Creator/JeanMichelCharlier
* Creator/SylvainChomet
* Etienne Davodeau
* Yvan Delporte
* Creator/PhilippeDruillet
* Jean Dufaux
* Creator/AndreFranquin
* François Marcela-Froideval
* Creator/ReneGoscinny
* Creator/{{Gotlib}}
* Creator/{{Greg}}
* Creator/{{Herge}}
* Creator/AlejandroJodorowsky (Chilean)
* Manu Larcenet
* Creator/RegisLoisel
* Raymond Macherot
* Creator/{{Moebius}}
* Creator/{{Peyo}}
* Hugo Pratt (Italian)
* Gilles Roussel AKA Boulet (Webcomic/BouletCorp)
* Joann Sfar
* Jacques Tardi
* Maurice Tillieux
* Jean Van Hamme
* Creator/LewisTrondheim
[[/index]]

!!Other things

* While not exactly French nor Belgian, the webcomic ''Webcomic/RoguesOfClwydRhan'' is from this area (IIRC, it's Dutch).
* ''ComicBook/MortadeloYFilemon'' is Spanish with Franco-Belgian influences (at least in the earliest years), [[http://lagaffemegate.free.fr/franquin/copiage/comparaison.htm most notably]] Creator/AndreFranquin.
* Creator/{{Zerocalcare}}'s comics are Italian with strong Franco-Belgian influences. It helps that he has actual French ancestors.
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