Among European comics, comic book series made primarily in France and Belgium -- also known as '''BD''', from their French name ''bande dessinée'' ("drawn strip") -- are a huge industry by themselves (3rd largest in the world, after U.S. ComicBooks and Japanese {{Manga}}) and have produced many great classics. They are also quite distinct from their American and Japanese counterparts (though cultural co-mingling has reduced those a bit, especially concerning manga; their extremely high popularity since the early '90s has forced the industry to adapt a bit to survive).

First, the mainstream and intellectual perception of the medium is in stark contrast to that of the U.S.; in Europe, comics are called "le Neuvième Art", the Ninth Art. The influence of French-language comics in Europe has spread this concept to other national comics industries, such as those of Great Britain, Spain and Italy (and South America, to a lesser degree), to a noticeable extent. The lack of any truly constraining [[UsefulNotes/TheComicsCode Comics Code]] or puritan MoralGuardians-enforced laws allowed creators and publishers to use more mature themes and concepts in their works, and to later move away from purely children's stories to more adult-oriented works in the TheSixties virtually seamlessly (the fact that it was a more permissive time than TheFifties probably helped). While youth-oriented comics are still a major part of the industry, many are perennial LongRunners and/or are rife with ParentalBonus, and there is little to no social stigma attached to being a fan or a collector. In fact, it is almost impossible to find a house in France that doesn't have a bunch of comics on a shelf somewhere.

The publishing methods and format is distinct from that in the U.S. Volumes, called "albums", are usually at A4 size (21cm x 30cm[[note]] or if you want to be pedantic, 210 x 297 mm[[/note]], the slightly-larger European equivalent of "letter-sized" [=8.5'' x 11''=] paper), hardbound and normally between 40 and 60 pages long. New albums in a series typically appear at a rate of one per year. Really prolific series can go up to three or four albums a year. However, it isn't unheard of for some authors (especially those who are prone to a CastOfSnowflakes and/or SceneryPorn) to need several years for a new album. This rarely seems to put off fans of a series.

Like manga, many titles are first pre-published piece by piece in the publisher's [[AnthologyComic comics magazine]], mostly those aimed at children and teens. In those, one-page funnies blur the lines between comicbooks and NewspaperComics.

See also BelgianComics, comics strictly made in Belgium, and containing comics from Flanders that don't fall under the Franco-Belgian tradition.

Please don't add a link unless you intend to actually write the corresponding entry.

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!!French-Belgian comic book series:

[[index]]
* ComicBook/AchilleTalon (Belgian)
* ComicBook/AlbanyAndSturgess (French)
* ComicBook/{{Alix}} (French)
* ComicBook/AnselmeLanturlu (French)
* ComicBook/{{Asterix}} (French)
* ComicBook/BarbeRouge (French)
* ComicStrip/{{Becassine}} (French)
* ComicBook/BenoitBrisefer (Belgian)
* ComicBook/BillyTheCat (Belgian)
* ComicBook/BlackMoonChronicles (French)
* ComicBook/{{Blacksad}} (Spanish)
* ComicBook/BlakeAndMortimer (Belgian)
* ComicBook/LesBlondes (French)
* Comicbook/{{Blueberry}} (French)
* ComicBook/BlueIsTheWarmestColour (French)
* ComicBook/BouleEtBill (Belgian)
* ComicBook/LaBrigadeChimerique (French)
* ComicBook/BuckDanny (Belgian)
* ComicBook/{{Chlorophylle}} (Belgian)
* ComicBook/CortoMaltese (Italian)
* ComicBook/{{Cubitus}} (Belgian)
* ComicBook/DeCapeEtDeCrocs (French)
* ComicBook/DallasBarr (Belgian)
* Franchise/LeDonjonDeNaheulbeuk (French)
* Manga/{{Dreamland}} (French)
* Five series set in the ComicBook/DungeonUniverse: (French)
** ComicBook/DungeonTheEarlyYears (Donjon Potron-minet)
** DungeonZenith (Donjon Zénith)
** DungeonTwilight (Donjon Crépuscule)
** DungeonParade (Donjon Parade)
** DungeonMonstres (Donjon Monsters)
* ComicBook/{{END}} (French)
* ComicBook/LesFemmesEnBlanc (Belgian)
* ComicBook/FreaksSqueele (French)
* ComicBook/{{Garulfo}} (French)
* ComicBook/GastonLagaffe (Belgian)
* ComicBook/LeGenieDesAlpages (French)
* ComicBook/IdeesNoires (Belgian)
* ComicBook/LesInnommables (French)
* ComicBook/InspectorCanardo (Belgian)
* ComicBook/{{Iznogoud}} (French)
* ComicBook/{{Jeremiah}} (Belgian)
* ComicBook/JimCutlass (French)
* ComicBook/JoeBarTeam (French)
* ComicBook/JohanAndPeewit (Belgian)
* ComicBook/JourJ (French)
* ComicBook/JoZetteAndJocko (Belgian)
* ComicBook/{{Kairos}} (French)
* ComicBook/KidPaddle (Belgian)
* ComicBook/{{Lanfeust}} (French)
* ComicBook/LesLegendaires (French)
* ComicBook/LeonardLeGenie (Belgian)
* ComicBook/{{Lou}} (French)
* ComicBook/LuckyLuke (Belgian)
* [[ComicBook/LesLumieresDeLAmalou Les Lumières de l'Amalou]] (French)
* Franchise/{{Marsupilami}} (Belgian)
* Four series set in ComicBook/MetabaronsUniverse: (Belgian)
** ComicBook/TheIncal (French)
*** Before the Incal (Avant l'Incal)
*** After the Incal (Après l'Incal)
** ComicBook/TheMetabarons (French)
** ComicBook/TheTechnopriests (French)
** ComicBook/{{Megalex}} (French)
* ComicBook/LesMondesDAldebaran (French)
* ComicBook/MonsieurJean (French)
* ComicBook/{{Murena}} (French)
* ComicBook/{{Muse}} (French)
* ComicBook/{{Natacha}} (Belgian)
* ComicBook/LesNaufragesDYthaq (French)
* ComicBook/{{Noob}} (French)
* ComicBook/LesNombrils (French Canadian comic, though published by Dupuis)
* ComicBook/{{Orphanimo}} (French)
* ComicBook/{{Okko}} (French)
* ComicBook/{{Persepolis}} (French/Iranian)
* ComicBook/PeterPan (French)
* ComicBook/{{Philemon}} (French)
* ComicBook/QuaiDOrsay (French)
* ComicStrip/QuickAndFlupke (Belgian)
* ComicBook/TheRabbisCat (French)
* ComicBook/LaQueteDeLOiseauDuTemps (Roxanna & The Quest for the Time-Bird) (French)
* ComicBook/{{Rahan}} (Belgian)
* ComicBook/RedEars (Belgian)
* ComicBook/RequiemChevalierVampire (French)
* ComicBook/LaRibambelle (Belgian)
* ComicBook/LeRoiCyclope (French)
* ComicBook/{{Sasmira}} (French)
* ComicBook/TheSmurfs (Les Schtroumpfs) (Belgian)
* ComicBook/LeScorpion (Belgian)
* ComicBook/TheScrameustache (Belgian)
* ComicBook/TheSecretHistory (Belgian)
* Manga/SentaiSchool (French)
* ComicBook/{{Sillage}} (Wake) (French)
* ComicBook/SkyDoll (French)
* ComicBook/{{Soda}} (French)
* ComicBook/SpirouAndFantasio (Belgian)
** ComicBook/LePetitSpirou (Belgian)
* ComicBook/{{Thorgal}} (Belgian)
* ComicBook/TifEtTondu (Belgian)
* Franchise/{{Tintin}} (Belgian)
* ComicBook/{{Titeuf}} (Belgian)
* ComicBook/LesTuniquesBleues (The Bluecoats) (Belgian)
* ComicBook/UniversalWarOne (French)
* [[ComicBook/{{Valerian}} Valérian and Laureline]] (Belgian)
* ComicBook/{{Wampus}} (French)
* ComicBook/{{XIII}} (Belgian)
* ComicBook/YokoTsuno (Belgian)

!!Franco-Belgian comic creators:

* [[Creator/{{DavidB}} David B]]
* Creator/EnkiBilal
* Christophe Blain
* Creator/FredBeltran
* Creator/FredericBoilet
* Francois Bourgeon
* Claire Bretecher
* Yves Chaland
* Creator/JeanMichelCharlier
* Etienne Davodeau
* Yvan Delporte
* Creator/PhilippeDruillet
* Jean Dufaux
* Creator/AndreFranquin
* François Marcela-Froideval
* Creator/ReneGoscinny
* Creator/{{Gotlib}}
* Creator/{{Greg}}
* Creator/{{Herge}}
* Creator/AlejandroJodorowsky (Chilean)
* Manu Larcenet
* Creator/RegisLoisel
* Raymond Macherot
* Creator/{{Moebius}}
* Creator/{{Peyo}}
* Hugo Pratt (Italian)
* Joann Sfar
* Jacques Tardi
* Maurice Tillieux
* Jean Van Hamme
* Creator/LewisTrondheim
[[/index]]

!!Other things

* While not exactly French nor Belgian, the webcomic ''Webcomic/RoguesOfClwydRhan'' is from this area (IIRC, it's Dutch).
* ''ComicBook/MortadeloYFilemon'' is Spanish with Franco-Belgian influences (at least in the earliest years), [[http://lagaffemegate.free.fr/franquin/copiage/comparaison.htm most notably]] Creator/AndreFranquin.
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