[[quoteright:350:[[VideoGame/PlantsVsZombies http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/pvz_fake_not.png]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:Seems legit.]]
This is what happens when a character tricks another character by writing a letter and signing it under a different name. Sometimes, the real writer's own handwriting was recognized, making the letter a big lie to the reader.

In more recent media, it may take the form of an e-mail or text message.

These can be used in a BatmanGambit, as they are usually written with the expectation that the recipient will react in a certain way. Quite often they can be used to lure someone into a trap. Other times they may be used to arrange meetings between people by a third party. They may also be used by well-meaning people in a FeudEpisode to end a fight between others by sending a letter of apology on their behalf. How successful this can be varies.

'''WARNING''': Unmarked spoilers ahead.


[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* In ''[[Anime/ElHazardTheMagnificentWorld El Hazard's]]'' first episode, Makoto walks blindly into a trap, after receiving a love letter from his childhood crush, Nanami, asking him to [[ShmuckBait meet her alone, after school.]] In truth, the letter was from her brother, [[LaughablyEvil Jinnai]], who reveals it was one of several, from her ample collection of 'practice notes'. At which point, Makoto correctly guesses [[FunnyMoments she had written them as part of a 'creative writting' assignment.]]
* An episode of ''Anime/MapleTown'' dealt with the town mayor, Dandy Lion, making himself sick over not getting an answer from a letter he sent to his estranged daughter. Patty Rabbit and her big sister, Rachel, write their own letter (writing it as if the mayor's daughter sent it) and send it to Mayor Lion in order to make him feel better.
* ''Anime/{{Pokemon}}'' episode "Wherefore Art Thou, Pokemon?". Two young Trainers, Emily and Ralph, hate each other even though the Nidorans they own are in love with each other. Misty schemes to write Emily and Ralph each a letter supposedly from each other so that they will fall in love too.
-->'''Ash''': [[LampshadeHanging But, couldn't you get arrested for mail fraud?]]
* ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'': In anime episode "Genma Takes a Walk", [[StatusQuoIsGod one of the pushes to end the petty fight between his and Akane's fathers]] is Ranma having written a pair of insulting letters of challenge on behalf of both parties to each other, off-screen. Akane [[ExpositionFairy realizes this on-screen]], while enraged fathers fall for it not without throwing in some [[MediationBackfire remarks about opponent's bad handwriting]] etc.
* ''Manga/CandyCandy'' has [[AlphaBitch Eliza]] writing a fake letter from [[NaiveEverygirl Candy]] to [[JerkWithAHeartOfGold Terry]], and another from Terry to Candy, telling them to meet outside their BoardingSchool's dorms at night. [[IdiotBall They both fall for it and go there, despite knowing that the very strict school punishes such things with expulsion]]...

* In the CCG spinnoff of ''TabletopGame/BattleTech'', there was a card called Forged Mission Orders that could be used to remove an opponent's mech from a battle.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''Comicbook/{{WITCH}}'': When Matt gets sucked into a magic book, leaving the girls to try and cover up his disappearance, which includes writing an e-mail to a friend using his e-mail account, which they gained access to by guessing that his password was [[ThePasswordIsAlwaysSwordfish Will's name]]. Peter, the one they send it to, realizes something is off, since usually Matt's e-mails are full of typos, and this one, written by Cornelia, was not.

[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* ''Disney/{{Mulan}}'': Mushu gets Mulan's force into the war by having Cri-Kee write a fake letter from the general urgently ordering the new recruits into action. However, [[spoiler: [[AccidentalTruth that message turns out to be desperately true]]: the village to which they arrive at has been sacked by the Huns, leaving no one alive not even the General among the civilians or the Army.]]

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* In ''Film/SunsetBoulevard'', the fan letters that Norma had been getting over the years were actually written by her butler Max to spare her from the fact that the public had forgotten her.
* In ''Film/RedRidingHood'', Valerie's sister is tricked outside at night by the wolf when he forges a letter from the boy she's in love with.
* ''Film/TheFourMusketeers'' (1974). Milady send d'Artagnan a case of poisoned wine along with a letter supposedly from Athos, Porthos and Aramis. Luckily d'Artagnan decides to find them first before drinking the wine.
* Out of everything else that Tony, the monstrous pimp from ''Film/ThrillerACruelPicture'', did to Madeline (including putting out one of her eyes for refusing a client), by far his most despicable act was to forge a letter to her parents in her name, telling them that she hated them and not to bother trying to find her. When Madeline seeks out her parents after escaping him, she learns that the letter had the effect of [[DrivenToSuicide driving them to suicide]]. This is the final straw that sets the stage for one hell of a RoaringRampageOfRevenge.
* In ''{{Film/Amelie}}'', one of Amelie's neighbor is bitter that her husband left her for another woman, then died in a plane crash. So Amelie creates a fake letter to convince the neighbor that the husband wanted to reconcile with her, had left his mistress, and was on his way home when the plane crashed.
* In ''Film/{{Neighbors 2014}}'', the protagonists live next to a frat house which is one strike away from being expelled from their college. The protagonists wait for the fraternity to cause more trouble so they can report them, but they refuse to have any additional parties. The protagonists forge a letter from their college convincing them they are off probation, causing the fraternity to receive a third strike.

* In the book of ''Literature/EllaEnchanted'', Ella realises that if she were to marry Char, her curse would make his life difficult and even dangerous. So she writes a letter in her own handwriting, claiming she's run away with a rich lord, then writes an accompanying letter in her stepsister's handwriting, terrible spelling and all, to back it up. It doesn't work. He just thinks the letter from her is fake, instead.
* ''Literature/HeraldsOfValdemar'' series. In ''Brightly Burning'', a forged letter is used to lure Lavan out where the assassins can get a shot at him.
* In ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo'', the plot is kickstarted when Edmund Dantes is betrayed by a forged letter and convicted of a crime he didn't commit. The rest of the story is a RoaringRampageOfRevenge for this.
* In ''Literature/AndThenThereWereNone'', the culprit sent a letters to all his victims under different names, to trick them into comming to Soldier Island. And going by the first scene of the book, the culprit also sent a fake letter to himself... for some reason...
* In Terry Pratchett's ''DiscWorld/GoingPostal'', con-man Moist von Lipwig secures an immediate reservation for himself and his girlfriend at the poshest and most expensive restaurant in Ankh-Morpork by forging a letter from financier Reacher Gilt. Gilt, a master con-man himself, recognises a worthy opponent by graciously offering to pay their bill...
* ''Lierature/BulldogDrummond'': At one point, the villains get hold of Drummond by forging a message from the love interest. One of his sidekicks shows enough Genre Savvy to be suspicious, but Drummond insists, incorrectly, that he knows his girl's handwriting too well to be fooled by a forgery.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* On ''Series/DontTrustTheBInApartment23'', James gets a letter each year from his ''Series/DawsonsCreek'' castmates inviting him for a reunion show, which he always rejects. Turns out the letters were actually from Chloe, which she uses as an excuse to get James to do whatever she wanted to cheer him up.
* In ''Series/{{Bottom}}'', Richie receives birthday cards from himself every year - only he claims they are from grateful Soviet citizens, Sue Carpenter and the crew of the ''Ark Royal''. Eddie ''barely'' manages to play along with the joke with his usual dripping sarcasm:
-->'''Eddie''': ...and this one's from "The people of the Soviet Union, in grateful thanks to Comrade Richie."\\
'''Richie''': It's in Russian.\\
'''Eddie''': [[TheBackwardsR You just put the Rs the wrong way round.]]\\
'''Richie''': That's what Russian is!
* A text message example in the ''Series/{{Elementary}}'' episode "The Rat Race." The Killer of the Week kidnaps Sherlock and sends Watson a text from his phone so she won't worry. It has the exact opposite result, given that the text [[OutOfCharacterAlert didn't read "like a teenager on a sugar high."]] (This [[ChekhovsGun in reference to]] an incident in TheTeaser where Watson complains she can't read his texts because he uses too much texting slang.)
* Happens on ''Series/HouseOfAnubis''- Eddie, with KT's help, forged a break-up letter for Fabian claiming it was written by Nina. Fabian didn't fall for it, however, because he knew that the letter was written in a way Nina didn't write. Eddie didn't do it to be malicious; He DID have a letter from Nina for Fabian, but lost it, so tried to make his own instead.
* One of the recurring bits on ''Series/WelcomeBackKotter'' was for Epstein to produce a note allegedly from his mother over some issue. Kotter was never fooled as they all ended, "Signed, Epstein's Mother".
* ''Series/{{Cheers}}''
** Carla is upset because her husband Eddie is out of town and didn't remember Valentine's Day, so the guys all pitch in to buy her a flower delivery. She catches on when she sees that the card is signed "Eddie," which [[SomethingTheyWouldNeverSay isn't her husband's real name]].
** In the BalletEpisode Sam forges a letter from the Boston Ballet saying that Diane would've be a perfect fit for their company 10 years ago (which in context should be perfectly acceptable to Diane, since she knows she's "over the hill" to become a ballet dancer). But then she decides to try out anyway and is ''terrible''.
* ''Series/{{Leverage}}'': After the team foils an attempt on the life of a client in "The Homecoming Job", they find a suicide note on the hitmen intended to make it looks like he'd been DrivenToSuicide.
* ''[[Series/{{MASH}} M*A*S*H]]''. Klinger occasionally would forge letters, particularly in mail call episodes, in further attempts to get a discharge, usually claiming that a family member of his had died and/or suddenly become pregnant; Henry kept many of Klinger's letters on record and uses them against him to point out how ridiculous the claims in the letters are, culminating in one letter that reads, "Half of the family dying, other half pregnant." Potter, on the other hand, dug a little deeper when Klinger tried to pull a similar stunt on him. Incidentally, Klinger has no brothers.
-->'''Potter:''' Klinger, this letter is in ''your'' handwriting.\\
'''Klinger:''' I translated my mother's letter, it was in Lebanese.\\
'''Potter:''' Let me see it.\\
'''Klinger:''' I burned it.\\
'''Potter:''' Uh-huh.\\
'''Klinger:''' It's part of a religious ceremony.\\
'''Potter:''' Held when two brothers die in a harmonica factory?
* On ''Series/TheMindyProject'', Morgan and Peter find Mindy's phone and uses it to send naughty text messages to her boyfriend.
* ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'': One episode had the crew trying to decode a message they'd gotten from Starfleet which had been corrupted during transmission with the help of an alien they'd picked up who had an instinctive knack for solving such problems. In the end, the message they found was one he created for the purpose of luring the ''Voyager'' crew into a trap. Fortunately, Janeway found the real message before it was sprung.
* In a ''Series/HomicideHunter'' episode where Joe Kenda is investigating the disappearance of a high school student, her principal mentions that someone called in sick on the girl's behalf, but he suspected the message was fake--the guy claimed to be her father, but sounded like a teenager. He indicated that this was hardly the first time that students had tried to pull a stunt like this (and it probably frequently happens elsewhere).

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* ''ComicStrip/CalvinAndHobbes'':
** Calvin attempts to leave school using a forged note signed by the President ("P.S.: Really."). Naturally, this fails.
** In a wintertime SundayStrip, Hobbes delivers Calvin a letter apparently written by SantaClaus. It begins by calling Calvin a "rotten little kid" and tells him he has seven days to put himself back on the "good boy" list. Calvin, terrified, reads through the suggestion that he start by being kind to animals, giving them snacks and letting them read his comic books. However, his trust in the letter turns to incredulity and then rage when he sees that it's signed "Santa Claws," and he suddenly recognizes the handwriting as that of the tiger standing next to him all too smugly.
--->'''Hobbes''' ''(sticking out his tongue)'': Well, it's what Santa ''would've'' written if he wasn't so busy now.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/CallOfCthulhu'' campaign ''Shadows of Yog-Sothoth'', adventure "The Coven of Cannich". After the witches (Franchise/CthulhuMythos cultists) in Scotland kill Henry Hancock, they send a fake letter supposedly written by him to his nephew Jacob to cover up his death.

* ''Theatre/TwelfthNight'', Maria writes a letter ambiguously making it seem that Olivia is in love with Malvolio, to trick him. OlderThanSteam.
* ''Theatre/JuliusCaesar'' has Cassius sending multiple letters [[{{Sockpuppet}} "from the citizens of Rome"]] to Brutus in order to win him over to their conspiracy.
* ''Theatre/{{Hamlet}}'', escorted to England accompanied (i.e. guarded) by Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, replaces the letter from Claudius instructing Hamlet's execution with one condemning Rosencrantz and Guildenstern instead.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In the ''VideoGame/ProfessorLayton'' game ''Professor Layton and the Lost Future'' (or ''Unwound Future''), Clive pretends to be Luke from 10 years into the future, he writes a letter dated ten years into the future requesting the esteemed Professor's help and signing it as his apprentice, including an address [[spoiler:which contains a lift to below the tube, where the 'future' has been built and Clive attempts to get revenge on Professor Layton by pretending to be the boy closest to him. There is an actual time machine though]].
* In ''VideoGame/TeamFortress2'', sending a "tear stained letter" each to both his brothers is how Grey Mann convinced his two brothers to meet and reconcile, so he could reveal himself to them and recruit them to retake [[PassedOverInheritance Mann Co]]. Spending a few minutes with them quickly convinces him to kill them both.
* ''VideoGame/AnakshaFemaleAssassin''. In the Mini-Adventure "Quick Stop," Anaksha does this to save the job of a convenience store clerk who did her a good turn by allowing her to use the store's restroom, which is normally reserved for employees only, but was ratted out by her rather crankish co-worker. The document in question is a letter of apology, which some unscrupulous employers use as a trick to get a signed confession out of someone so they can have a legal excuse to fire the person anyway, denying them any grounds for a lawsuit. Anaksha does this to allow the clerk an "out" in this should they indeed decide to fire her, and offers her a job at the Zaranna Corporation in case all else fails.
* There is an early quest in ''VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim'' that involves giving a fake letter from Faendal (actually written by Sven) and giving it to a girl they both like. The player can then choose to tell Faendal about the letter, and can choose to deliver a similar letter from Sven (actually written by Faendal).
* In ''VideoGame/PlantsVsZombies'', the Zombies at one point send you (the home owner) a forged letter claiming to be your mother inviting you over for meatloaf, asking you to leave your front door open and your lawn unguarded. It is signed as [[SuspiciouslySpecificDenial "mom (not the zombies)"]].
* In the Thieves Guild questline in ''VideoGame/{{Oblivion}}'', the player is tasked to forge a letter of recommendation, in order to get rid of the troublesome Watch Captain.
* An unintentional variation happened in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyIX''. The local GenkiGirl wrote a love letter to the protagonist, but forgot to sign her name. After a series of wacky hijinks when the letter got to unintended addressees and was thought as originating from various people, it brought the BetaCouple together. Accidentally.
* A major plot point in chapter 3 of ''VideoGame/TheWitcher'', where Thaler suspects that someone is forging the absent King Foltest's letters. He is right.
* In ''VideoGame/GrandTheftAutoV'', Trevor has been keeping contact with Brad via email while the latter is in prison for their botched heist. It's later revealed that [[spoiler: Brad died in the shootout following the heist and the guy he's actually been emailing is FIB agent Dave Norton, Michael's handler, using "Brad's" emails to keep tabs on him.]]
* Attempted by Makoto in ''VideoGame/BlazblueContinuumShift'' in order to prevent Tsubaki from completing her mission of [[spoiler: assassinating Noel, their friend]]. It didn't work because the forged letter was an order from the Imperator, the supreme ruler of the NOL and Makoto's instantly branded a traitor and has to fight Tsubaki. [[spoiler: Both because the letter was written instantly, but also because Tsubaki's order were ''given'' by the Imperator]].
* In ''VideoGame/MarioPlusRabbidsKingdomBattle'', your helper Beep-O is getting emails from an unknown source as you progress through the game. These then get hacked in world 3, leading to suspicious messages filled with [[EvilLaugh evil laughter]], threats and [[SuspiciouslySpecificDenial promises that said threats were actually harmless]]. Naturally, he and the rest of the party fall for the messages without a second thought.


[[folder:Visual Novel]]
* A plot point of ''[[VisualNovel/AceAttorneyInvestigationsMilesEdgeworth Gyakuten Kenji 2]]'' involves a hidden mastermind manipulating individuals by typing letters signed as other people, predicting that a few key words would push them to act as the mastermind wanted.
* In case 4 of ''VisualNovel/{{Danganronpa}}'', Hagakure is convinced he killed Sakura after he smashed a bottle her over the head (he didn't). He then tried to write a DyingClue [[CouldntFindAPen in Sakura's blood]] implicating Toko, like what happened in case 1. During the trial, one character pointed out that it was written with a person's finger, while Sakura's hands were clean.
** And it turns out that the reason Aoi is trying to get everyone killed by implicating ''herself'' as Sakura's killer is because of a forged suicide note left by Monokuma, making Aoi think Sakura was DrivenToSuicide instead of committing a HeroicSacrifice for everyone else. After the truth comes out, Monokuma even has the ''gall'' to claim it wasn't his fault Aoi was fooled, since he didn't forge Sakura's ''signature'' on the suicide note as well.

* PlayedForLaughs in [[http://questionablecontent.net/view.php?comic=670 this]] ''Webcomic/QuestionableContent'' guest strip, which might double as TheUnreveal and definitely doubles as a parody of DeliciousFruitPies. (You'd probably need to have some context of QC history to that point to understand it. There's a blink-and-you'll-miss-it line at the end that makes it fall into this trope.)

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In one of the ''Disney/ThreeLittlePigs'' shorts, the Wolf captures two of the pigs and writes a letter to Practical Pig pretending to be from his brothers in an attempt to lure him out. Practical doesn't fall for it: along with the bad penmanship, he recognizes the Wolf's breath when he blows it under the door.
* ''WesternAnimation/AvatarTheLastAirbender'': Sokka attempts to pull this in "The Runaway" episode, in order to patch things up between his sister Katara, and their friend, Toph. So he writes a fake apology letter and sends it to Katara, via messenger hawk. It fails hilariously, after she reads it and [[LampshadeHanging points out a rather obvious oversight]] in her brother's plan:
-->'''Katara:''' ''(shouts, while pointing at fake apology letter)'' I know this is from YOU, Sokka! [[BlindSeer TOPH]] [[NeverLearnedToRead CAN'T WRITE!!]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
** In "[[Recap/TheSimpsonsS3E16BartTheLover Bart the Lover]]", Bart creates a boyfriend for his teacher Mrs Krabappel and writes her letters based on his parents' old loveletters, pretending to be a guy called "Woodrow".
** In "[[Recap/TheSimpsonsS5E20TheBoyWhoKnewTooMuch The Boy Who Knew Too Much]]", he writes a fake note from his mother excusing him from school, with an attempted {{Handwave}} that her handwriting is off because she busted "whichever hand it is I write with".
** In "[[Recap/TheSimpsonsS9E22TrashOfTheTitans Trash of the Titans]]", when the Sanitation Company cuts off their service at the Simpsons' house, Marge gets tired of the garbage pile in her front yard, so she sends the Sanitation Company a letter of apology with Homer's name. Homer is outraged when Marge tells him this. Marge [[HypocriticalHumor points out that Homer has signed her name numerous times]], but Homer claims that his dignity isn't like a loan application or a will.
* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/TaleSpin'' one of Shere Khan's executives, Benson, tried to force Louie out of his club by writing a letter that said, "Do whatever Mr. Benson says." and forging Khan's signature, thus making the Khan pilot force think they were on a sanctioned assignment.
* A variant of this happens in ''WesternAnimation/SpongebobSquarepants'' episode "Naughty Nautical Neighbors", in which Spongebob and Patrick, at their homes, communicates via speeches in soap bubbles. The noises disturb Squidward (whose house are between the two's) who's eating a cake at the moment. Frustrated, Squidward shakes his fork on the plate, at which point it creates foams (presumably from the cake). Squidward then gets an idea of stopping them: "sap" the communication line by stopping their bubbles mid-flight, and then using his own foam to create speech soap bubbles that are filled with unsavory messages for Spongebob and Patrick (who are unaware that Squidward did it). This drives the two to hate each other for the remainder of the episode. FridgeLogic comes when Squidward's soap bubbles looked different from the normal one, and it's also filled with Squidward's voice and yet they don't recognize the voice.
* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'', Daffy and Porky [[Main/FeudEpisode get into a feud]] over who ordered the french fries at Pizzaribba. Bugs wants them to make up with each other so he can go to a football game that Porky has the tickets for, so he sends each of them a gift basket and an apology card with each other's names. At first, this seems to work, but then they get back to arguing with each other. When Bugs flat-out admits he wrote the cards and that he doesn't care about their feud and just wants to see the game, Porky snaps and rips up the tickets so none of them can go.
* ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy''
** The ending to the VerySpecialEpisode has Quagmire kill his sister's abusive boyfriend and he and the guys go to her with a fake letter telling her that "he" is leaving her, that he will kill her and her unborn child if she tells that he was with the guys, and that [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking he really, really likes]] [[WesternAnimation/TheGreatGrapeApe Grape Ape]].
** Discussed in "Jerome is the New Black" during Quagmire's TheReasonYouSuckSpeech to Brian.
--->'''Quagmire:''' I should have known that Cheryl Tiegs didn't write me that letter. She would have known there's no "a" in the word "definite".
* The ''WesternAnimation/{{Arthur}}'' episode "The Big Blow-Up" concerned Francine and the Brain getting into an argument with each other, which puts a damper on a soccer game that they, along with Arthur and Buster, were partaking in. On the day of the big game, Arthur and Buster both forge fake apology letters to Francine and the Brain, with Buster writing the Brain's apology letter to Francine, and Arthur writing Francine's apology letter to the Brain. [[note]]Arthur and Buster did this specifically because they tried asking The Brain and Francine to write each other apology letters beforehand, but their letters made it sound like they were right and [[TheComplainerIsAlwaysWrong each other was wrong]].[[/note]] Because of this, while they do end up accepting each other's apologies, Francine thinks The Brain spelled "Soccer" with two Ks and a Q, and The Brain thinks Francine sent him a list of demands. [[note]]The latter was revealed to have been written on the back of D.W.'s Christmas list, which she wanted Arthur to write seven months early.[[/note]]
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Recess}}''. In "Omega Kids," T.J. and the gang are the only ones attending school for a number of days after the rest of the students fall ill from eating tuna fish tacos, which slowly starts to drive them crazy, to the point that Gus tries to pull a stunt by handing Miss Grotke a note, which T.J. snatches from him and reads for himself.
-->'''T.J.:''' (Reading the note) "Dear Miss Grotke, please our son Gus from school, he is so sick he should probably stay home until all the other kids are better. Signed, '' 'My Mom' ''"?\\
'''Vince:''' That's pathetic.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/DextersLaboratory'' episode, "Dexter and Computress Get Mandark!", Dexter and Computress both hate Mandark, so they team up to lure Mandark into Dexter's lab so they can shrink his head with Dexter's ShrinkRay. To lure him there, Dexter writes a love letter with Dee Dee's signature and sends it to Mandark, while Computress writes one with Mandark's signature and sends it to Dee Dee. Since [[AllLoveIsUnrequited Mandark and Dee Dee's relationship is one-sided]], Mandark falls for Dexter's letter while Dee Dee rejects Computress'.
* ''WesternAnimation/BeavisAndButthead'': In "Pierced", the titular duo forge parental permission letters in order to get skull earrings at a store. The crumpled notes simply read "DO IT NOW BUTTHEADS MOM" and "YEAH".
-->'''Woman at the counter:''' Uhh, looks to me like you guys did these yourselves.
* The 1931 ''WesternAnimation/{{Talkartoons}}'' short ''Teacher's Pest'' has Bimbo forging an excuse note for being late to his teacher.
-->"Please excuse Bimbo for being late. My father."
* In the ''[[WesternAnimation/{{Doug}} Disney's Doug]]'' episode "Doug Directs", while Roger is forcing his goons to exercise, Willy attempts to get out of it by handing him a note saying, "D-uh, I need to be be ex[[superscript:c]]used - WILLY'S mom". Roger isn't fooled, but Willy quits anyway.