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->''"Whenever people ask me if I like football from now on, I say, 'Yes, I do like football. But not Burnley. Burnley can fuck off'."''
-->-- '''Will [=McKenzie=]''', ''Film/TheInbetweeners''

An UsefulNotes/AssociationFootball supporter who arguably takes the "support" part more seriously than the football. Portrayals (and RealLife examples) tend to range along a sliding scale of criminal behaviour. Some are fans who've gotten drunk and found themselves in a BarBrawl, while others are organised "firms" -- gangs formed on the basis not of ethnicity or home turf, but of the members' favoured team.

Hooliganism bears a similarity to FightClubbing in spirit, in that rival firms usually stick to beating each other up. However, as it takes place in public and is often backed up by tribal loyalties and strong emotions, it can easily escalate into armed battles, property damage, fights with police, and stampeding civilians -- it's basically a PowderKegCrowd set off by football.

It's widely thought of as a [[BritishMediaTropes very British trope]], but [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Football_hooliganism hooliganism in football]] (and other sports) is prevalent around the world (even [[SoccerHatingAmericans in the United States]]). That said, football hooliganism has been a scourge on British public life for generations, and it remains a defining British characteristic for foreigners (particularly Americans). The specific British tropes related to the phenomenon are the LondonGangster and TheYardies, groups which can overlap with hooligan populations. Scotland adds another dimension with the ViolentGlaswegian being part of the particularly violent Celtic-Rangers firm.

As sports fandom is SeriousBusiness and many sports rivalries have socio-political elements to them, the RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment does apply here.


[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* An AssholeVictim in ''Manga/DetectiveConan'' was one such hooligan; it eventually comes out that he was murdered in retaliation for fatally pushing a man down some stairs ForTheEvulz.

* Glen Foster, a.k.a. "That Canadian Guy", has a bit about how an International Coalition of Gangsters [[EvilIsCool would be pretty cool]], listing off possible members as being TheMafia, GangBangers, TriadsAndTongs... and [[TheLastOfTheseIsNotLikeTheOthers British soccer fans]].

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/{{Hellblazer}}'':
** John Constantine gets out of a sticky situation where a demon had fused four hooligans together to kill him, while retaining their personalities. Unfortunately for the demon's plans, [[CrowningMomentOfFunny two were for Chelsea, the other two for Arsenal]]. They start beating the crap out of themselves (ultimately ripping themselves apart), allowing John to escape.
-->''What d'you do on '''Saturdays''', lads?''
** On another occasion, John meets a demon who is the genius spirit of football hooliganism and accepts deaths and bloodshed in the stands as his sacrifices.
* The third volume of ''ComicBook/{{Stumptown}}'' features the Timbers Army, the ''spirited'' fans of the Portland Timbers. Scenes set at the opening Portland-Seattle game have Timbers chants as a wall of words that take up a fair amount of the background of every scene, advocating burning down Seattle in its entirety. And then a Timbers fan gets assaulted after the game. The league are terrified by this, as they tolerate aggressive chanting but know that any hint of real European- or Latin American-style violent hooliganism will probably destroy the sport again in the US for a generation.

* ''Film/TheFootballFactory'' is a satirical {{mockumentary}}-like film based on a novel about a thirty-something in an extremist Chelsea-supporting fan club who travels around with other members attacking fans of rival clubs. When Chelsea are up against Millwall one week, tension builds in the businesses that many fans work at, because half are Chelsea fans and the other half are Millwall fans.
%%* ''The Firm'' (2009) - West Ham
* ''Film/GreenStreet'' has Elijah Wood's FishOutOfWater American student sucked into the world of a West Ham firm.
* In ''Film/The51stState'', Robert Carlyle's character Felix De Souza is a hardcore Liverpool supporter.
* In ''Film/{{Eurotrip}}'', two of the protagonists run into a Manchester United fan club (in London[[note]]Not failure to research, but a subtle gag about English football culture. Among fans of other teams, it is often believed that most Man United fans don't actually live in Manchester, and are shallow idiots who only like them because they're successful. Americans, picture stereotypes of the New York Yankees in UsefulNotes/{{baseball}} or the Dallas Cowboys in UsefulNotes/AmericanFootball.[[/note]]). The club is exaggeratedly violent, but the two of them manage to make a good impression (and convince them that they are United fans from the US), so the club welcomes them in and even gives them a ride to France for a match. [[spoiler:The club shows up again at the climax to help save the day.]]
* The Creator/DingoPictures animated film ''Animal Soccer World'' invokes this with a gang of duck hooligans who show up for the animal soccer game. They're stereotypically attired and some have weapons with them before the game even starts. They play no part in the film after being introduced.
* In ''Film/TheInbetweeners'', a group of hooligans keep Will awake though his entire bus ride from the airport by singing irritating songs praising Burnley. He comments, "When people ask me if I like football now, I say yes, but not Burnley. Burnley can fuck off."
* In the German film ''[[Film/FussballIstUnserLeben Fußball ist unser Leben]]'' some Schalke hooligans capture a football player (who is more interested in HookersAndBlow than in football) to train him themselves, because they would lose a bet (with one hooligan's house at stake) if Schalke lose.
* In ''Film/CockneysVsZombies'', two mobs of ''undead'' football hooligans encounter one another in the street, each still dressed in the colors of their favorite team. They immediately stagger to the attack, clumsily hitting and shoving one another, and ignoring the living protagonists who marvel that "[e]ven when they're zombies, they can't stand each other."

* Given the Literature/{{Discworld}} treatment in ''Discworld/UnseenAcademicals''. Lord Vetinari tries to bring order to the ancient sport of "foot-the-ball" in order to tame the football hooligans (and more importantly, the thuggish "Faces" that run the mobs of opposing teams) that have been causing trouble in the city.
* According to Creator/DaveBarry in "Football Deflated":
-->''In most nations, when people say "football" they mean "soccer", which is a completely different game in which smallish persons whiz about on a field while the spectators beat each other up and eventually overthrow the government.''
* Adopted for horse racing in ''Literature/BelisariusSeries''. The Greens and The Blues, and their rivalry that culminated in the (in)famous [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nika_riots Nika riots]] in the original timeline that destroyed half of the Constantinople and just barely avoided leading to the destruction of Byzantine government at the time, were treated much like modern football hooligans or the rival firms.
* In the ''Literature/AlexRider'' novel ''Ark Angel'', Alex is being led through a crowd by a villain with a hidden gun. He starts silently taunting a football fan whose team has just lost (by miming the score with his fingers) until the man comes over and starts a fight, giving Alex a chance to escape.
* In the 1970s, a now-defunct publishing house called the ''Creator/NewEnglishLibrary'' specialised in lurid penny-dreadfuls, hack-written novels capitalising on ''[[UsefulNotes/BritishNewspapers Daily Mail]]'' readers' fears about British society going to Hell in a handcart. Among its copious catalogue were pulp novels by a "Richard Allen" about football hooliganism, with no nose left unbroken nor no groin unkicked. Allen wrote four or five books about the hooligans, culminating in a truly outrageous piece called ''Striker!'', where football hooligans precipitate the collapse of British society and, with the aid of no-good trade unions and communists, take over the country. Eventually, the Americans call a halt to Britain's slide into anarchy by sending their army in to restore order and put down hooliganism.
* The non-fiction book ''Among the Thugs'' by Bill Buford is dedicated to exploring this phenomenon as a whole.
* The novel ''Awaydays'' by Kevin Sampson follows a crew of hooligans called The Pack, who supported Tranmere Rovers in the late '70s.
* Creator/{{Irvine Welsh}}'s novels are [[AuthorAppeal rife with hooligans]]:
** In ''Literature/{{Trainspotting}}'''s prequel ''Literature/{{Skagboys}}'', Begbie is established to be one of these, which [[BloodKnight should come as]] [[ViolentGlaswegian no]] [[AxCrazy surprise]].
** In ''Literature/{{Glue}}'', Carl "N-Sign" Ewart supports Heart of Midlothian F.C. (commonly known as Hearts), much to the dislike of his mates, who are fans of Hibernian F.C. (often known as Hibs), the Hearts' local rivals. The book also features football firms of the Rangers, Dundee United, and Aberdeen.
** Skinner from ''Literature/TheBedroomSecretsOfTheMasterChefs'' is a supporter of the Hibs.
* Tam Lin and the other bodyguards from ''Literature/HouseOfTheScorpion'' is described by El Patron as having been "breaking heads outside a soccer field in Scotland," [[spoiler:though it turns out he was also a Scottish nationalist terrorist]].
* Guy Gavriel Key's ''The Sarantine Mosaic'', which takes place in a thinly disguised Constantinople, features warring factions of chariot race fans (the Greens and the Blues). The book describes a riot by the factions that nearly unseated the Emperor, which actually happened in real life (see the Nika Riots below).
* According to the ''Literature/DresdenFiles'' short story "Last Call", this phenomenon is caused by maenads putting enchantments on craft beers served at sporting events. Dresden had to stop them when they tried to do this with several cases of Mac's beer meant to be served at a Bulls game.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* Mike Myers had a recurring [[ShowWithinAShow fictional TV show]] sketch on ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'' called "Scottish Soccer Hooligans Weekly."
* Danish police show ''Anna Pihl'' had an episode concentrating on the Danish "casual" subculture: violent football hooligans modelled after the English firms, also connected to racist crime.
* One episode of ''Series/{{Life On Mars|2006}}'' dealt with a murder tied to the upcoming Manchester Derby (City vs. United). At the end, a furious Sam rants at the hooligan Perp of the Week about the future of football in England, because he knows Heysel and Hillsborough will happen in the future (as detailed in the Real Life section):
-->''And then we overreact, and we have to put up perimeter fences and we treat the fans like animals! Forty, fifty thousand people herded into pens! And then how long before something happens, eh? How long before something terrible happens and we are dragging ''bodies'' out?''
* Bernard [[SuicideByCop tries to get beaten up]] by Millwall supporters [[ASimplePlan to get out of doing his tax forms]] in the pilot episode of ''Series/BlackBooks''.
--> ''Millwall! That's the one. Do you know this chant: "Millwall, Millwall, you're all really dreadful, and all your girlfriends are unfulfilled and alienated..."''
* An episode of ''Series/TheThinBlueLine'' had the police being worried about a possible outbreak of football hooliganism due to a London team playing the local club. In arresting various troublemaking elements, they end up locking up the entire local club.
* ''Series/TheGoodies'':
** One episode about soccer hooliganism had ''ballet'' eventually replacing soccer as the national pastime. This was then ruined by ''ballet hooligans'' (which has indeed happened historically, at least in response to the opening of ''Music/TheRiteOfSpring'').
** Another episode had Tim and Graeme run in, cheering, chanting, and dressed in red-white scarves and woolly hats:
--->'''Bill:''' [[SarcasmMode So where've you two been?]]\\
'''Graeme:''' ''[[SmartPeoplePlayChess The chess championships!]]''
* On ''Series/{{Frasier}}'', Daphne has had much exposure to the phenomenon. Her parents met during a soccer riot. When Frasier gets sick, she tells him that she's a good nurse, having mended all her brothers' football injuries.
-->'''Frasier:''' Well, I didn't get injured playing soccer.\\
'''Daphne:''' Neither did me hooligan brothers.
* A song in ''Series/RutlandWeekendTelevision'' called [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4dzH0z1_-hY "Football"]] has some UpToEleven lyrics describing the phenomenon:
-->''I 'ack limbs off for Newcastle\\
I rape for Luton Town\\
For the Rangers I kill strangers\\
And kick police horses down\\
I set fire to referees 'oo let opponents score\\
Yes, football is the game that we adore''
* In an episode of ''Series/GeorgeAndTheDragon'', George gets arrested for hooliganism, though what he did was mild compared to today.
* Documented in Danny Dyer's (of ''The Football Factory'') series ''The Real Football Factories'' and ''The Real Football Factories International''.
* In Australia, ''Series/TheChasersWarOnEverything'' had a skit involving selling balaclavas and (fake) knuckledusters in club colors to [[UsefulNotes/RugbyLeague Canterbury Bulldogs]] fans.
* After the home team wins in an episode of ''Series/ThirdRockFromTheSun'':
-->'''Mary''': Listen, can you hear them celebrating?\\
'''Dick''': ''[wistfully]'' Yes, the happy sounds of cars over turning and stores being looted. I love the smell of burning rubber, it smells like victory!
* In ''Series/{{Elementary}}'', M's alibi for the murder of [[spoiler:Irene Adler]] is that he was doing time for a BarBrawl over the relative merits of Arsenal (his team) and Manchester United. Also, when Sherlock finally meets him, he sees M watching Arsenal and tells him that he now has one more reason to hate him.
* In ''Series/NecessaryRoughness'' has the US football version. A fan of the opposing team the main character T.K. plays for confronts T.K. at a club in the season one finale, pissed his team lost. So the hooligan [[spoiler:shoots T.K. for leading his team to victory]].

* "Weekend Warrior" by Music/IronMaiden is about hooligans. Given that Steve Harris had the choice between a football career with West Ham United and a music career with Iron Maiden ([[CaptainObvious he took the second option]]), he knows a lot about football -- the good side and the bad side.
* "The Firm" by Music/FunkerVogt is about hooliganism. The video is of a firm getting together to fight their rivals.

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* ''ComicStrip/USAcres'': Some strips had UsefulNotes/AssociationFootball as a theme. [[https://garfield.com/usacres/1987/08/25 In this one]], Lanolin points out the parking lot as a place to hold "the fight after the game", which she's clearly looking forward to.

[[folder:Professional Wrestling]]
* UK indy wrestler Sha Samuels' gimmick is that he's a football hooligan who [[TrademarkFavoriteFood enjoys meat pies]].

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* WordOfGod says the TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}} Orcs are modelled after British football hooligans. Jervis Johnson is a big fan of British football, and his idea was to mock the hooligans as making them orcs: "Warhammer Orcs are the same in comparison on stupidity for bricks as what bricks are to football hooligans." This was carried over wholesale with the ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' incarnation of Orks (one of their early codexes is titled "'Ere we go! 'Ere we go! 'Ere we go!"--and the ''current'' codex has an "'Ere we go!" special rule that most Ork models get). In the ''VideoGame/DawnOfWar'' games, one of the Bigmek's lines is the classic "Come and 'ave a go if you think you're 'ard enough!".
* The popular table football game ''TabletopGame/{{Subbuteo}}'' incorporated a lot of clever marketing gimmicks which meant if you had enough time and money, you could buy from a formidable catalogue of extras that meant your tabletop footballers could eventually turn out in their own stadium, complete with stands, working footlights, scoreboards, advertising hoardings, TV crews, St John's ambulancemen, cigar-smoking manager and subs in the dugout, policemen, stewards, programme salesmen, pie stall, the works. Some fans of the game turned their Subbuteo playing areas into an art form not unlike model railway layouts. While the official ''Subbuteo'' vendor sold fans in packets of fifty to populate your model terraces, other enterprising and strictly unofficial vendors added topics the licenced dealers frowned on, in the form of ''Subbuteo'' soccer hooligans and [[http://www.subbuteoworld.co.uk/media/subbuteoworld/splash8.jpg streakers]] (male and female; photo is SFW) that in an expanded rule set could be randomly deployed to disrupt matches. Fully equipped riot policemen soon followed.
* Any fan in the "brutal" setting of the ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' spin-off, ''TabletopGame/BloodBowl'', has about a 99% chance of being a football hooligan.
* Mentioned in several ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' sourcebooks, mostly that rioting football crowds are a very convenient way for runners to cover up other crimes.

* ''[[http://www.dramaticpublishing.com/p109/Among-the-Thugs/product_info.html Among The Thugs]]'' is about an American writer who gets embedded in a British hooligan group.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The Allies' main tank in ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquerRedAlert3'' is crewed by hooligans. Given that their base soldiers are upgunned riot police, it's not a good mixture.
* ''Hooligans: Storm over Europe'', which is a tactical RTS specifically about hooligans -- from the hooligans' point of view.
* Some of the Maceman' voice clips in ''VideoGame/{{Stronghold}} 2'' are clearly intended to invoke the stereotype.
* In ''VideoGame/AgentsOfMayhem'', the playable character Red Card is a German football fan who was recruited into MAYHEM after riling up a mob to stop a Legion attack on a championship game.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
** "The Cartridge Family" is a TakeThat to soccer in general. The crowd at an international match breaks into a riot ''because the game is too boring'' (the players stall instead of putting the ball in play) and turns the city into a war zone.
--->'''[[ViolentGlaswegian Willie]]:''' Ye call this a riot? C'mon boys, let's take 'em to school!
** In "Marge Gamer," Lisa joins a soccer team (with Homer as a ref) and "flops" her way to victory. When called out on it, she watches a documentary about flopping. The documentary detailed one game which caused a riot that lasted for ''23 years''. Another game, in Brazil, and was so severe, it was enough to make a statue of the Virgin Mary come to life and "beat the living snot out of everyone."
** Same trope, different sport in "Lisa on Ice": when Bart refuses to take a penalty shot against Lisa, allowing their hockey game to end in a tie, it turns the crowd into a riot.
--->'''Hans Moleman:''' We came for blooooood!
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Hurricanes}}'': [[CorruptCorporateExecutive Stavros Garkos]], owner of [[OpposingSportsTeam the Garkos Gorgons]], hires some youngsters to act as hooligans to make the World Soccer Association close the Hurricanes' stadium.
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheAngryBeavers'' has Daggett and Norbert acting like various European stereotypes. Dagget acts like a hooligan, ranting on about how it doesn't matter how the game itself plays out, because there will always a fight afterward.

[[folder:Real Life -- Football]]
* Football hooliganism is largely associated with England, and for good reason:
** In the 1980s, "la malaise anglaise" was so prevalent that UsefulNotes/MargaretThatcher formed a "war cabinet" to deal with the problem; the lowlight was the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heysel_Stadium_Disaster Heysel disaster]] in 1985, in which 39 mostly Italian Juventus fans were killed in a stampede instigated by the opposing Liverpool supporters (in Belgium -- it was the final of the European Cup). This led to all English teams being banned from European competition for several years and the need for heightened security not just in England, but throughout Europe.
** In a bitter irony, the government's measures to try and stop hooliganism led to the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillsborough_disaster Hillsborough disaster]] in 1989, which killed 96 fans, most of them Liverpool supporters. To prevent hooligans from taking potshots at each other, the fans were herded into pens which were fenced off from each other and the pitch; when too many fans were herded into one pen, they couldn't escape the crush because of the fences. When policemen saw them trying to climb the fence, they assumed they were hooligans and shoved them back into the crowd. Initial public reaction suggested hooliganism was at fault (and ''[[UsefulNotes/BritishNewspapers the Sun]]'' printed a particularly nasty and notorious article in this regard). The investigation into Hillsborough led to the 1990 Taylor Report, which revealed the truth of what happened and issued recommendations to both curb hooliganism and ensure crowd safety. These worked; the British have largely stamped out the worst problems, and British police are now considered ''the'' experts worldwide on handling hooliganism. It's also contributed to the explosion in popularity of the UsefulNotes/EnglishPremierLeague.
** Interestingly, by far the most notorious of all English clubs for hooliganism is Millwall, which isn't in the Premier League at all and hasn't been for quite some time; their most famous chant is "No one likes us; we don't care," which should tell you all you need to know. One particular incident had their fans come to Manchester to play Man City, completely overpower the police presence there, and clean out pretty much every Asian jewelry store in the vicinity of the stadium.
*** It's not unknown for them to fight each other, as happened in 2001 before an away game at Bristol City. To quote the police report: "At 6.45pm the Millwall supporters were taken under escort towards the stadium. As they passed a public house, a group of 30-40 males came out and bottles and glasses were thrown and pub windows smashed. After a short while it became apparent that both groups were from Millwall and each thought the other were City supporters."
*** Even as of 2017, they've still got a reputation as expert street-fighters, leading to a CrowningMomentOfAwesome during the London Bridge terror attack in June - three knife wielding terrorists crashed a restaurant where a 47 year old Millwall fan was eating. He promptly stood up and bellowed, "Fuck you, I'm Millwall!" and went up against three knife-wielding men half his age ''with his bare hands'' to buy everyone else time to get out. And to make it even more extraordinary, despite being stabbed in the head, neck, back, and front, and getting cuts all over his fingers, he kept fighting and they eventually ''gave up and left'' - presumably to find someone who wasn't MadeOfIron.
*** All in all, you can see why no one really wants to pick a fight with them.
** One infamous "[[NonIndicativeName friendly]]" match in 1995 was between England and the Republic of UsefulNotes/{{Ireland}}, which had [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles several political overtones]] and a controversial call when an English equalizing goal was disallowed. The ensuing riot by English fans let to the game being abandoned, and the two countries wouldn't play each other again for eighteen years, by which time the political issues that had fueled the violence had abated enough. Many speculate that the riot wouldn't have happened if the match were played in the afternoon rather than the evening (which wasn't traditional -- [[ExecutiveMeddling Sky wanted to show it in prime time]]).
* UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}} has its own share of hooligans; the most infamous cross over with the ViolentGlaswegian archetype in the form of the "Old Firm", the rivalry between Glasgow clubs Celtic and Rangers. It's particularly notorious for its political and religious overtones in relation to UsefulNotes/TheTroubles (Celtic being the Catholic/Republican team and Rangers being the Protestant/Unionist team). It got to the point where [[Creator/TheBBC BBC]] war correspondent Kate Adie, who was covering sectarian protests, noted that you could tell when they were going to start by looking at the football schedule. Scottish hooligans gained a global reputation when Rangers fans started rioting in Manchester at the 2008 UEFA Cup Final.
* The [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Football_War Football War]] between El Salvador and Honduras is often cited as the worst example of football hooliganism -- 'cause, you know, there was a war. The war itself was caused by a variety of issues unrelated to football. However, it was triggered during the qualifying rounds for the 1970 UsefulNotes/FIFAWorldCup. The two countries played three matches against each other (one in El Salvador, one in Honduras, and the final match in Mexico City), and fans of both countries clashed violently with each other at every match. El Salvador (who incidentally won two of the three games) wound up severing diplomatic ties with Honduras, claiming that "the government of Honduras has not taken any effective measures to punish these crimes which constitute genocide, nor has it given assurances of indemnification or reparations for the damages caused to Salvadorans." Read that again -- that's football violence escalating to accusations of ''genocide''.
* UsefulNotes/TheYugoslavWars was pointedly influenced by football riots. Croatia's war of independence started with [[http://bit.ly/aZxjsX a football riot]]. In Bosnia, a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serb_Volunteer_Guard Serbian paramilitary group]] consisted largely of hooligan supporters of Red Star Belgrade. Even today, the Red Star-Partizan rivalry in Belgrade is considered [[http://deadspin.com/red-star-belgrade-played-partizan-today-which-means-th-1771410854 one of the most violent in Europe]]. It's not pretty down there in the Balkans, and it's gotten worse now that (a) none of these teams are very good anymore and (b) the Communist government isn't around to keep everyone under control.
* In UsefulNotes/{{Egypt}}, football "ultras" are often credited with being the first wave and strongest group of supporters in UsefulNotes/TheArabSpring. Since they were largely young, unemployed or underemployed students or recent graduates with little else to do, they were the "muscle" organizing the defense of protests against the police. A year later, [[http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2105997,00.html they were also involved in the country's worst football-related massacre]].
* In UsefulNotes/{{Israel}}, the biggest football rivalry is politically motivated; Beitar Jerusalem is the right-wing team, and [=HaPoel=] Tel Aviv is the left-wing team. Beitar's hardcore fans (known as [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast la Familia]]) are particularly known not just for hooliganism, but also for [[AbsoluteXenophobe hardcore xenophobia]] and LowerClassLout behavior; they accuse the media of overlooking hooliganism from [=HaPoel=] fans due to liberal bias. (The truth of this accusation [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment will not be discussed here]].)
* {{Inverted|trope}} in UsefulNotes/{{Denmark}}, which has a group of fans they call ''roligans'' (''rolig'' is Danish for "peaceful"), who make it a point to be the nicest football fans you'll ever encounter.
* As bad as hooliganism gets in Europe, it's far worse in South America, which takes its football [[SeriousBusiness deadly seriously]]:
** UsefulNotes/{{Argentina}} has the "barras bravas" (read: hooligan gangs), who over the last 80 years have been responsible for an estimated 250 deaths (and that's not counting the 300 people who died during a single Argentina-Peru match). Its most famous rivalry is between the two big Buenos Aires sides, Boca Juniors and River Plate; during a 2015 Copa Libertadores match between the two, Boca fans pepper-sprayed the River players as they came out of the tunnel for the second half, which led to Boca's disqualification.
** UsefulNotes/{{Brazil}} famously treats football as if it were a religion, but that doesn't mean they're particularly orderly about it; weirdly, their celebrations tend to be more violent than their venting after a loss.
** UsefulNotes/{{Chile}} has its share of "barras bravas"; its biggest rivalry is between Colo Colo and Universidad de Chile, and when these two teams are playing, the rest of the city universally stays the hell away.
* UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}}'s hooligans mostly follow the "Big Three" football clubs, Galatasaray, Beşiktaş, and Fenerbahçe; their firms have traditionally been extremely well organized and [[GunNut well armed]] -- and when the national team plays, they have been known to pool their resources. In 2000, a clash with British hooligans left two Brits dead, leading to a government crackdown. In 2013, the Beşiktaş and Galatasaray firms lent support and equipment to anti-government protesters, which started on Beşiktaş turf.
* UsefulNotes/{{Indonesia}} is not known for being particularly good at football, but they do love it to death, and almost all the big clubs have hooligan groups who will readily start a full-blow riot whenever they play another big club.
* American soccer ([[SoccerHatingAmericans such as it is]]) has a reputation for attracting fans who aren't into the sport so much as [[ForeignCultureFetish the European sporting atmosphere]], and that can include hooliganism. The worst in this respect are the Portland Timbers and their "Timbers Army", which openly admits that it's all (mostly) just for show.

[[folder:Real Life -- Other Sports]]
* The UrExample of sports hooliganism in Europe is the chariot races that took place in AncientRome and the later UsefulNotes/ByzantineEmpire. Racers back then would be divided into teams based on the uniform colors they wore -- Red, White, Blue, and Green -- and their fans and spectators would likewise align themselves into these different camps. Much like modern football clubs, the fanbases would often be identified not just by which racing team they rooted for, but also by cultural and sociopolitical issues beyond just the sport -- thus, riots breaking out during games were not uncommon whenever tensions ran high. The most infamous example of these was the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nika_riots Nika riots]] in Constantinople, where a fight between the fans of the Green and Blue chariot teams (by then the only ones of significance, the Reds and Whites having small bases and aligned with the Greens and Blues respectively) quickly escalated into city-wide riots that burned down the Hagia Sophia and nearly ''toppled the government of Emperor Justinian'', only being put down by the intervention of General Belisarius, who put them down by killing over ''30,000'' people. Talk about BreadAndCircuses GoneHorriblyWrong.
* What the US lacks in soccer hooliganism, it makes up for in UsefulNotes/AmericanFootball:
** Creator/HunterSThompson, in his 1974 ''Magazine/RollingStone'' article "Fear and Loathing at the UsefulNotes/SuperBowl", credits this to football in TheSixties being the counterculture's answer to baseball; while baseball was family-friendly and "America's pastime", football was what you watched if you wanted to get drunk, get high (if that was your thing), and get into fights. Things only changed when sports on TV became a thing, and football was much better suited for TV than baseball[[note]]Specifically, the ball was easy to see, the games were all more or less the same length, it was well-suited for commercials, and it was just more dramatic and action-packed. Baseball was better suited for radio (where you could just chat and interrupt your banter when something happens), and it was only in TheSeventies that broadcasters figured out how to make it exciting on TV (namely by focusing heavily on player movement rather than the ball).[[/note]] -- the explosion in popularity led to NFL owners building bigger stadiums to attract a richer, more middle-class clientele. Thompson was [[ILikedItBetterWhenItSucked understandably dismayed]].
** The city of UsefulNotes/{{Philadelphia}} is notorious for having some of the nation's most vicious fans in any sport, but its football team, the Eagles, has probably the worst of the bunch. The basement of the old Veterans Stadium had a fully-functional branch of the Philadelphia Municipal Court (known unofficially as "Eagles Court"), where brawlers could be charged right away. The worst of them congregated in the Vet's "700 Level", which Wiki/TheOtherWiki describes as being known for "hostile taunting, fighting, public urination, and [[CityOfWeirdos general strangeness]]." Steven Wells, writing for ''The Guardian'', called Philadelphia [[https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2005/dec/07/ussport.football "the NFL's equivalent of Millwall."]] The most infamous incident is when the fans [[http://www.snopes.com/holidays/christmas/santa/philadelphia.asp booed Santa and threw snowballs at him]] -- although this happened in TheSixties, it's still brought up when unruly Philly fans are mentioned. [[http://www.thedailyshow.com/watch/mon-november-2-2009/clash-of-the-cretins This clip]] from ''Series/TheDailyShow'' makes fun of Philly's general reputation.
** UsefulNotes/{{Boston}} is a close second in the country for sports hooliganism, and with the New England Patriots' run of success in recent decades, their celebrations have turned more and more violent. Cars get turned upside-down and set on fire, and at least one person was killed in Boston at one such riot.
** The Raiders have bounced around the West over the years (started in Oakland, moved to Los Angeles, moved back to Oakland, soon to move to Las Vegas), but wherever they go, their fans (collectively known as the "Raider Nation") have a particular reputation for thuggishness. In L.A. in particular, the team's distinctive silver and black colors are associated with gang violence, and Raider fans have been known to follow their team to nearby stadiums in places like San Diego, Anaheim, and San Francisco, leading to special precautions in those places.
** Even UsefulNotes/CollegeFootball has its share of hooliganry, especially as the fans are almost all young, impressionable, inebriated college students. West Virginia fans have a habit of burning couches, and Texas Tech is notorious for throwing things from the stands (especially when rivals Texas or Texas [=A&M=] come to town).
*** This trope is why many fans and observers are horrified by efforts by some state and local politicians to [[https://www.cbsnews.com/news/proposed-law-would-let-guns-inside-seahawks-stadium/ make it legal]] to carry handguns into publicly-funded stadiums (Conservatively, about 90% of them). Because what's safer than a bunch of amped-up hooligans ''with guns?"
* While UsefulNotes/{{baseball}} is considered a sweet EverytownAmerica sort of outing, it does have its share of hooligans:
** The Philadelphia Phillies are the usual culprit. One game in 2009 started with Philly fans shining laser pointers into the eyes of the opposing St. Louis Cardinals, and ended with a Cardinals fan being [[DisproportionateRetribution fatally shot]].[[note]]Cardinals fans in particular tend to embody the "aw-shucks" baseball fan stereotype, calling themselves the "classiest fans in baseball", which annoys opponents [[HolierThanThou for reasons other than hooliganism]].[[/note]]
** The Boston Red Sox have similarly violent fans, especially when it comes to their hated rivals, the New York Yankees. At least one person was killed in a celebratory riot in Boston after the team made an improbable comeback to beat the Yankees in the American League Championship Series in 2004.
** Although UsefulNotes/{{California}} seems like a generally mellow place, the rivalry between the San Francisco Giants and Los Angeles Dodgers is always heated, and one Giants fan in L.A. [[http://www.cbc.ca/sports/baseball/story/2011/04/01/sp-giants-fan.html?ref=rss was beaten to within an inch of his life]] at the first game of the season in 2011.
** [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Disco_Demolition_Night "Disco Demolition Night"]], the incident that marked the turning point in {{disco}} music becoming, well, DeaderThanDisco, started as a promotion by the UsefulNotes/{{Chicago}} White Sox and local rock music DJ Steve Dahl. Patrons could gain admission to a double-header between the White Sox and the UsefulNotes/{{Detroit}} Tigers for only 98 cents if they brought a disco record with them; between the two games, all of the vinyl thus collected would be [[BookBurning blown up in the middle of the field]]. A combination of anti-disco sentiment from the crowd and prodigious amounts of alcohol led to a riot when the demolition took place, with the White Sox forced to forfeit the second game of the night.
* UsefulNotes/{{Basketball}} violence in America tends to be defined by the "Malice at the Palace", a brawl between the UsefulNotes/{{Detroit}} Pistons and Indiana Pacers in 2004. A Pistons fan threw a drink at the Pacers' Ron Artest, who chased him into the stands and started a fight between the players and fans. Artest and eight other players were suspended without pay for a total of 146 games, five of them were convicted of assault on top of it, and five fans received lifetime bans from Pistons home games.[[note]]Artest seems to have mellowed out somewhat since then, having even changed his name to "Metta World Peace".[[/note]] But other places have dealt with basketball violence, too. Colleges are notorious for setting fire to couches during "March Madness" (the big college basketball tournament), and the city of Chicago had some very violent celebrations when UsefulNotes/MichaelJordan and the Bulls started winning titles, to the point that Bulls players took to the airwaves basically begging the fans not to riot.
* UsefulNotes/{{Canada}} has [[CanadaEh three big stereotypes]] in fiction: it's really cold, the people are really nice, and [[CanadianEqualsHockeyFan the people really love hockey]]. The last bit is true, and it can sometimes manifest itself violently (contradicting the nice-guy stereotype):
** UsefulNotes/{{Montreal}} is known for not reacting quietly to anything that happens to the hometown Canadiens, whether positive or negative -- you're advised not to park too close to the Bell Centre when the Habs are playing a big game, because the fans might choose to trash your car. The most famous hockey riot in Montreal took place way back in 1955, when the Habs' best player, Maurice "the Rocket" Richard, was suspended for the rest of the season and the playoffs for a violent on-ice incident with a linesman. This had socio-cultural implications -- the Francophone fanbase thought the suspension was motivated by racism by the largely Anglophone NHL bigwigs, and when league president Clarence Campbell made the unfortunate choice to see a game in Montreal shortly after the suspension, the fans [[ProducePelting pelted him with whatever they could find]]. Then someone set off a tear-gas bomb, which led them to evacuate the building and force the Canadiens to forfeit the game.
** UsefulNotes/{{Vancouver}} has picked up this reputation as the hometown Canucks have picked up a reputation for EveryYearTheyFizzleOut; their two most notorious riots happened after the team lost a decisive Game 7 of the UsefulNotes/StanleyCup Final in 1994 and 2011. The 2011 riot was particularly interesting because it [[MemeticMutation hit the Internet]], whose denizens were befuddled as to why nice-guy Canadians were suddenly turning violent (and also the two people who appeared to be making out in the middle of the street).
* You wouldn't think UsefulNotes/{{cricket}} would lend itself to riots, being stereotypically associated with the QuintessentialBritishGentleman who'll break for a SpotOfTea. But the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sydney_Riot_of_1879 Sydney Riot of 1879]] (which is OlderThanRadio) was an incident at an England-Australia match where a controversial umpiring call, which went in England's favour, sparked the irate Aussies into storming the pitch and attacking the English cricketers.