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->''"Whenever people ask me if I like football from now on, I say, 'Yes, I do like football. But not Burnley. Burnley can fuck off'."''
-->-- '''Will [=McKenzie=]''', ''Film/TheInbetweeners''

An UsefulNotes/AssociationFootball supporter who arguably takes the "support" part more seriously than the football. Portrayals (and RealLife examples) tend to range along a sliding scale of criminal behaviour. Some are fans who've gotten drunk and found themselves in a BarBrawl, while others are organised "firms" -- gangs formed on the basis, not of ethnicity or home turf, but of the members' favoured team. Strongly associated with the UK, but [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Football_hooliganism as pointed out]] on [[Wiki/{{Wikipedia}} The Other Wiki]], prevalent all over the world -- even [[http://www.guardian.co.uk/sport/2005/dec/07/ussport.football within the US]], at least according to ''[[UsefulNotes/BritishNewspapers The Guardian]]''. Hooliganism was so rife in 1980's England (for example, contributing to disasters like [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heysel_Stadium_Disaster Heysel]]) that UsefulNotes/MargaretThatcher formed a "war cabinet" to deal with the problem; in a bitter irony, measures put in place to stop it resulted in the tragedy at [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillsborough_disaster Hillsborough]], which was blamed on hooligans by the government, the police and ''[[UsefulNotes/BritishNewspapers The Sun]]'', which printed the notorious 'The Truth' headline to smear fans. Thankfully, further measures put in place as a result of the 1990 Taylor Report have all but stamped this problem out and British police are considered to be ''the'' experts worldwide on handling hooliganism.

Hooliganism in spirit bears some similarity to FightClubbing, in that rival firms usually stick to beating each other up. However, as it takes place in public and is often backed up by tribal loyalties and strong emotions, it can easily escalate into armed battles, or overflow into property damage, fights with police and stampeding civilians. See PowderKegCrowd.

Can cross over with ViolentGlaswegian in the case of Celtic v Rangers. (Whose cross-city relationship is ''not'' helped by the religious, historical and [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles Northern Irish affiliations]] of both sets of fans.) Dundee United and Dundee F.C share a single hooligan gang, the only such case in the world.

Contrast LondonGangster and TheYardies, who these guys will soon run into if they move into organised crime.

See also RugbyIsSlaughter - some wag once pointed out that "Rugby is a game for thugs played by gentlemen, while football is a game for gentlemen played by thugs".

In its heyday, inns throughout Britain posted [[SeparatedByACommonLanguage baffling-to-Americans]] signs reading "No football coaches allowed" (Translation: "No coach buses full of soccer fans allowed").



[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* An AssholeVictim in ''Manga/DetectiveConan'' was one such hooligan--it eventually comes out that he was murdered in retaliation for fatally pushing a man down some stairs ForTheEvulz.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* [[ComicBook/{{Hellblazer}} John Constantine]] gets out of a sticky situation when a demon had fused four hooligans together to kill him, while retaining their personalities. Unfortunately for the demon's plans, [[CrowningMomentOfFunny two were for Chelsea, the other two for Arsenal]]. They start beating the crap out of themselves (ultimately ripping themselves apart), allowing John to escape.
** ''"What do you do on Sundays, lads?"''
** On another occasion, John meets a demon who is the genius spirit of football hooliganism and accepted deaths and bloodshed in the stands as his sacrifices.
* The third volume of ''ComicBook/{{Stumptown}}'' features the Timbers Army, the...shall we say ''spirited'' fans of the Portland Timbers. Scenes set at the opening Portland/Seattle game have Timbers chants as a wall of words that take up a fair amount of the background of every scene, advocating the burning down of Seattle in its entirety. And then a Timbers fan gets assaulted after the game... The league are terrified by this, as they tolerate aggressive chanting but know that any hint of real European- or Latin American-style violent hooliganism will probably destroy the sport again for a generation.

* ''Film/TheFootballFactory'' is a satirical mockumentary-like film based on a novel about a thirty-something in an extremist Chelsea-supporting fan-club who travels around with other members attacking fans of rival [=FCs=]. When Chelsea are up against Millwall one week, tension builds in the businesses that many fans work at because half are Chelsea and the other are Millwall fans.
* ''The Firm'' (2009) - West Ham
* ''Film/GreenStreet'' has Elijah Wood's FishOutOfWater American student sucked into the world of a West Ham firm.
* Robert Carlyle's character Felix De Souza in ''Film/The51stState'' - Liverpool.
* In ''Film/{{Eurotrip}}'', two of the protagonists run into a Manchester United fanclub (in London[[note]]Not failure to research but a subtle gag about English football culture: among fans of other teams it is often believed that all Man United fans don't live in Manchester and are shallow idiots who only like them because they're successful[[/note]]). The club is exaggeratedly violent, but the two of them manage to make a good impression (And convince them that they are Manchester U fans from the USA) so the club welcomes them in and even gives them a ride to France for a match. [[spoiler:The club shows up again at the climax to help save the day]].
* The Creator/DingoPictures animated film ''Animal Soccer World'' invokes this with a gang of duck hooligans who show up for the animal soccer game. They're stereotypically attired and some have weapons with them before the game even starts. They play no part in the film after being introduced.
* In ''Film/TheInbetweeners'', a group of hooligans keep Will awake though his entire bus ride from the airport by singing irritating songs praising Burnley. He comments, "When people ask me if I like football now, I say yes, but not Burnley. Burnley can fuck off."
* In the German Film [[Film/FussballIstUnserLeben Fußball ist unser Leben]] some Schalke hooligans capture a football player (who is more interested in cocaine and hookers than in football) to train him themselves, because they would lose a bet (with one hooligan's house at stake) when Schalke loses.
* In ''Film/CockneysVsZombies'', two mobs of ''undead'' football hooligans encounter one another in the street, each still dressed in the colors of their favorite team. They immediately stagger to the attack, clumsily hitting and shoving one another, and ignoring the living protagonists who marvel that "Even when they're zombies, they can't stand each other".

* Given the Literature/{{Discworld}} treatment in ''Discworld/UnseenAcademicals''. Lord Vetinari tries to bring order to the ancient sport of "foot-the-ball" in order to tame the football hooligans (and more importantly, the thuggish "Faces" that run the mobs of opposing teams) that have been causing trouble in the city.
* According to Creator/DaveBarry in "Football Deflated";
-->''In most nations, when people say "football" they mean "soccer," which is a completely different game in which smallish persons whiz about on a field while the spectators beat each other up and eventually overthrow the government.''
* Adopted for horse racing in ''Literature/BelisariusSeries''. The Greens and The Blues, and their rivalry that culminated in the (in)famous [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nika_riots Nika riots]] in the original timeline that destroyed half of the Constantinople and just barely avoided leading to the destruction of Byzantine government at the time, were treated much like modern football hooligans or the rival firms.
* In the ''Literature/AlexRider'' novel ''Ark Angel'', Alex is being led through a crowd by a villain with a hidden gun. He starts silently taunting a football fan whose team has just lost (by miming the score with his fingers) until the man comes over and starts a fight, giving Alex a chance to escape.
* In the 1970s, a now-defunct publishing house called the ''Creator/NewEnglishLibrary'' specialised in lurid penny-dreadfuls, hack-written novels capitalising on ''[[UsefulNotes/BritishNewspapers Daily Mail]]'' readers' fears about British society going to Hell in a handcart. Among its copious catalogue were pulp novels by a "Richard Allen" about football hooliganism, with no nose left unbroken nor no groin unkicked. Allen wrote four or five books about the hooligans, culminating in a truly outrageous piece of monumental absurdity called ''Striker!'', where football hooligans precipitate the collapse of British society and, with the aid of no-good trade unions and communists, take over the country. Eventually, the Americans call a halt to Britain's slide into anarchy by sending their army in to restore order and put down hooliganism. Oh dear. A cure producing a bigger body count than the disease?
* The non-fiction book "Among the Thugs" by Bill Buford is dedicated to exploring this phenomenon in its entirety.
* The Novel ''Awaydays'' by Kevin Sampson follows a crew of hooligans, called The Pack, who support Tranmere Rovers in the late 70's.
* Creator/{{Irvine Welsh}}'s novels are [[AuthorAppeal rife]] with this trope.
** In ''Literature/{{Trainspotting}}'''s prequel ''Literature/{{Skagboys}}'', Begbie is established to be one of these, which [[BloodKnight should come as]] [[ViolentGlaswegian no]] [[AxCrazy surprise]].
** In ''Literature/{{Glue}}'', Carl "N-Sign" Ewart supports Heart of Midlothian F.C. (commonly known as Hearts), much to the dislike of his mates, who are fans of Hibernian F.C. (often known as Hibs), the Hearts' local rivals. The book also features football firms of the Rangers, Dundee United and Aberdeen.
** Skinner from ''Literature/TheBedroomSecretsOfTheMasterChefs'' is a supporter of the Hibs.
* Tam Lin and the other bodyguards from ''Literature/HouseOfTheScorpion'' is described by El Patron as having been "breaking heads outside a soccer field in Scotland", [[spoiler:though it turns out he was also a Scottish nationalist terrorist]].
* Guy Gavriel Key's ''The Sarantine Mosaic'', which takes place in a thinly disguised Constantinople, features warring factions of chariot race fans (the Greens and the Blues). The book describes a riot by the factions that nearly unseated the Emperor, which actually happened in real life (see the Nika Riots below).
* According to the ''Literature/DresdenFiles'' short story "Last Call", this phenomenon is caused by maenads putting enchantments on craft beers served at sporting events. Dresden had to stop them when they tried to do this with several cases of Mac's beer meant to be served at a Bulls game.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* Mike Myers had a recurring [[ShowWithinAShow fictional TV show]] sketch on ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'' called "Scottish Soccer Hooligans Weekly."
* Rare non-UK variant: Danish police show ''Anna Pihl'' had an episode concentrating on the Danish "casual" subculture; violent football hooligans modelled after the English firms, also connected to racist crime.
* One episode of ''Series/{{Life On Mars|2006}}'' dealt with a murder tied to the upcoming Manchester Derby (City vs. United). At the end, the furious Sam rants at the Perp of the Week about the future of football in England because of hooligans; the fences, the checkups, deaths...
-->"And then we overreact, and we have to put up perimeter fences and we treat the fans like animals! Forty, fifty thousand people herded into pens! And then how long before something happens, eh? How long before something terrible happens and we are dragging ''bodies'' out?"
** Specifically, he's talking about [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hillsborough_disaster the Hillsborough Disaster]] where 96 deaths were caused by failures in crowd control leading to a dangerous crush. This was not actually caused by hooliganism (though everyone blamed it on hooligans), but measures that had been taken to curb hooliganism contributed in large part. Specifically sections of the stadium (called pens) were fenced off from each other to keep fans from clashing. Improper crowd control had officials directing more and more people into a single pen as the game was starting. As there was nowhere to go, people were crushed to death.
** He may also be referring to the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heysel_Stadium_disaster the Heysel Disaster]], in which Liverpool fans broke through a fence separating them from Juventus supporters. 600 fans were crushed against a wall which then collapsed, 39 of them of died. This incident led to English teams being banned from participating in games in continental Europe.
* Bernard [[SuicideByCop tries to get beaten up]] by Millwall supporters in the pilot episode of ''Series/BlackBooks''.
--> ''Millwall! That's the one. Do you know this chant; "Millwall, Millwall, you're all really dreadful, and all your girlfriends are unfulfilled and alienated..."''
* An episode of ''Series/TheThinBlueLine'' had the police being worried about a possible outbreak of football hooliganism due to a London team playing the local club. In arresting various troublemaking elements, they end up locking up the entire local club.
* ''Series/TheGoodies'' had an episode about soccer hooliganism, in which ''ballet'' eventually replaced soccer as the national pastime but was then ruined by - yep - ''ballet hooligans''.
** This was quite probably a reference to ''Music/TheRiteOfSpring'', which actually did have hooligans beating each other and gendarmes called in to quell the riot on its premiere.
** They also had a milder parody in one episode, where Tim and Graeme ran in, cheering, chanting, and dressed in red-white scarves and wooly hats.
--->'''Bill:''' [[SarcasmMode So where've you two been?]]
--->'''Graeme:''' ''[[SmartPeoplePlayChess The chess championships!]]''
* ''Series/{{Frasier}}''. Daphne's Mum and Dad met during a soccer riot. When Frasier gets sick, she tells him that she's a good nurse, having mended all her brothers' football injuries.
--> '''Frasier:''' Well, I didn't get injured playing soccer.
--> '''Daphne:''' Neither did me hooligan brothers.
* A song in ''Series/RutlandWeekendTelevision'' was called [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4dzH0z1_-hY "Football"]], the lyrics being entirely ''insane''.
-->I throw house bricks for The Arsenal
-->I chuck lead pipe for West Ham
-->I kick and maim for Chelsea
-->I kill for Tottenham
-->I drop bottles for United on the crowd from up above
-->Yes football is the game that we all love
* In an episode of ''George and the Dragon'', George gets arrested for hooliganism, though what he did was mild compared to today. Look closely and you'll see the policeman who arrests him is Lionel from ''As Time Goes By''.
* Documented in Danny Dyer's (of ''The Football Factory'') series ''The Real Football Factories'' and ''The Real Football Factories International''.
* In Australia, ''Series/TheChasersWarOnEverything'' had a skit involving selling Balaclavas and (fake) knuckledusters in club colors to [[RugbyLeague Canterbury Bulldogs]] fans.
* After the home team wins in an episode of ''Series/ThirdRockFromTheSun'':
-->'''Mary''': Listen, can you hear them celebrating?\\
'''Dick''': ''[wistfully]'' Yes, the happy sounds of cars over turning and stores being looted. I love the smell of burning rubber, it smells like victory!
* In ''Series/{{Elementary}}'', M's alibi for the murder of [[spoiler:Irene Adler]] is that he was doing time for a BarBrawl over the relative merits of Arsenal (his team) and Manchester United.

* "Weekend Warrior" by Music/IronMaiden is about hooligans. Given that Steve Harris had the choice between a football career with West Ham United and a music career with Iron Maiden ([[CaptainObvious he took the second option]]) he knows a lot about football - the good side and the bad side.
* "The Firm" by Music/FunkerVogt is about this. The video is of a firm getting together to fight their rivals.

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* ''ComicStrip/USAcres'': Some strips had UsefulNotes/AssociationFootball as a theme. [[https://garfield.com/usacres/1987/08/25 In this one]], Lanolin showed the área where the parking lot would be. She explained that's where that'd hold "the fight after the game". Her face held an expression she was looking forward to that moment.

[[folder:Professional Wrestling]]
* UK indy wrestler Sha Samuels' gimmick is that he's a football hooligan who [[TrademarkFavoriteFood enjoys meat pies]].

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* WordOfGod says the TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}} Orcs are modelled after British football hooligans. Jervis Johnson is a big fan of British football, and his idea was to mock the hooligans as making them orcs: ''Warhammer Orcs are the same in comparison on stupidity for bricks as what bricks are to football hooligans''. This was carried over wholesale with the ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' incarnation of Orks (one of their early codexes is titled "'Ere we go! 'Ere we go! 'Ere we go!"--and the ''current'' codex has an "'Ere we go!" special rule that most Ork models get).
** In the ''VideoGame/DawnOfWar'' games, one of the Bigmek's lines is the classic "Come and 'ave a go if you think you're 'ard enough!".
* The popular table football game ''TabletopGame/{{Subbuteo}}'' incorporated a lot of clever marketing gimmicks which meant if you had enough time and money, you could buy from a formidable catalogue of extras that meant your tabletop footballers could eventually turn out in their own stadium, complete with stands, working footlights, scoreboards, advertising hoardings, TV crews, St John's ambulancemen, cigar-smoking manager and subs in the dugout, policemen, stewards, programme salesmen, pie stall.... some fans of the game turned their Subbuteo playing areas into an art-form not unlike model railway layouts. Whilst the official Subbuteo vendor sold fans in packets of fifty to populate your model terraces, other enterprising and strictly unofficial vendors added topics the licenced dealers frowned on. In the form of Subbuteo soccer hooligans and [[http://www.subbuteoworld.co.uk/media/subbuteoworld/splash8.jpg streakers]] (male and female; photo is SFW) that in an expanded rule set could be randomly deployed to disrupt matches... fully equipped riot policemen soon followed.
* Go find a fan in the brutal setting of the ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'' spin-off, ''TabletopGame/BloodBowl''. Found one? Congrats! There is a 99% chance that you have found an example.
* Mentioned in several ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' sourcebooks, mostly that rioting football crowds are a very convenient way for runners to cover up other crimes.

* There's a [[{{theatre}} play]] called ''[[http://www.dramaticpublishing.com/p109/Among-the-Thugs/product_info.html Among The Thugs]]'' which is about an American writer who goes embedded in another hooligan group.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The Allies' main tank in ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquerRedAlert3'' was crewed by them. Given that their base soldiers are upgunned riot police...
* There is a whole game about them named ''Hooligans: Storm over Europe'', which is a tactical RTS. ''From the POV of the hooligans.''
* Some of the Maceman' voice clips in ''VideoGame/{{Stronghold}} 2'' are clearly intended to invoke the stereotype.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''
** "The Cartridge Family" is a TakeThat to soccer in general. The crowd at an international match breaks into a riot ''because the game is so boring'' (the players stall instead of putting the ball in play), and turns the city into a war zone.
--->'''[[ViolentGlaswegian Willie:]]''' Ye call this a riot? C'mon boys, let's take 'em to school!
** In the episode "Marge Gamer," Lisa joins a soccer team (with Homer as a ref) and "flops" her way out of penalties and such. When called out on it, she watches a documentary about about flopping in a game that caused a riot. The riot lasted for ''23 years''. In Brazil, a riot broke out that was so severe, it was enough to make a statue of the Virgin Mary come to life and "beat the living snot out of everyone."
** Same trope, different sport in "Lisa on Ice." When Bart refuses a penalty shot against Lisa, allowing their hockey game to end in a tie, it turns the crowd into a riot.
--->'''Hans Moleman:''' We came for blooooood!
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Hurricanes}}'': [[CorruptCorporateExecutive Stavros Garkos]], owner of [[OpposingSportsTeam the Garkos Gorgons]], hired some youngsters to act as hooligans to make the World Soccer Association close the Hurricanes' stadium.
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheAngryBeavers'' has Daggett and Norbert acting like various European stereotypes. Dagget acts like a hooligan, ranting on about how it doesn't matter how the game itself plays out, because there will always a fight afterward.

[[folder:Real Life]]
* The UrExample to sports hooliganism in Europe may be the chariot races that took place in AncientRome and the later UsefulNotes/ByzantineEmpire. Racers back then would be divided into teams based on the uniform colors they wore--Red, White, Blue, and Green--and their fans and spectators would likewise align themselves into these different camps. Much like modern football clubs, the fanbases would often be identified not just by which racing team they rooted for but also by cultural and sociopolitical issues beyond just the sport and thus, riots breaking out during games were not uncommon whenever tensions ran high. The most infamous example of these was the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nika_riots Nika riots]] in Constantinople. A fight between the fans of the "Green" and "Blue" chariot teams (by then the only ones of significance, the "Reds" and "Whites" having small bases and aligned with the "Greens" and "Blues" respectively) quickly escalated into city-wide riots that ''burned down the Hagia Sophia'', and nearly toppled the government of Emperor Justinian, only being put down by the intervention of General Belisarius who put them down by killing over ''30,000'' people. Talk about BreadAndCircuses GoneHorriblyWrong.
* The real-life example known as the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Football_War Football war]] between El Salvador and Honduras. The causes of the war itself were over a variety of issues unrelated to football. However the war was triggered during the qualifying rounds for the 1970 FIFA World Cup. During the matches (three total matches took place between the two, one in El Salvador, one in Honduras and the final match in Mexico City) fans of both countries violently clashed with each other. El Salvador (who incidentally won two of the three games) severed diplomatic ties with Honduras, claiming that "the government of Honduras has not taken any effective measures to punish these crimes which constitute genocide, nor has it given assurances of indemnification or reparations for the damages caused to Salvadorans".
* The Croatian war of independence started with [[http://bit.ly/aZxjsX a football riot]].
* The Bosnian war, a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serb_Volunteer_Guard paramilitary Yugoslav group]] consisted of hooligan supporters of Red Star Belgrade.
* Egyptian football "Ultras" are often credited as being part of the first wave and strongest group of protesters in UsefulNotes/TheArabSpring; being by and large young, unemployed or underemployed college grads/students with little to do other than watch football and go to the gym, they were the "muscle" organizing the defense of the protests against the police. A year later, [[http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2105997,00.html they were also involved in the country's worst football-related massacre]].
* English Football became the most iconic example of hooliganism during the 80's, to the point where it became known as 'La Malaise Anglaise'. Almost every club had 'firms' who would arrange punch ups with opposing firms from other sides. This would culminate in the disaster at Heysel, at the time the whole game was a mess, with stadia crumbling and not being up to standards (to the extent that, barely a fortnight before the Heysel disaster, 56 fans had perished in an horrific grandstand fire at Bradford City's Valley Parade stadium) and loose regulations about drinking for example. Measures put into place like catch fencing would lead to Hillsbrough where even more people died. The Taylor Report which arose from those events called for several new rules and regulations, like no alcohol allowed inside the stands and all seater stadiums. That, much better policing, travel bans on known hooligans looking to cause trouble abroad and clubs being very quick to ban hooligans from club property for life to protect the new family friendly image, has all contributed to the phoenix like resurrection of English football, resulting in the globally popular financial juggernaut of the UsefulNotes/EnglishPremierLeague. Indeed, the problem has been all but solved, with crowd trouble being a distinct rarity, and British police are known worldwide as ''the'' experts on crowd trouble.
** The bitter irony of the whole thing is that to have a deadly crush you don't even ''need'' hooligans -- they happen even when all the fans are perfectly peaceful like in [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luzhniki_disaster Luzhniki disaster]], where all that was needed for a crush that killed ''at least'' sixty seven were the ice on the steps, an untimely goal by the end of an uneventful game, and, again, a failure of the crowd control.
** This was an almost exact replay of a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1971_Ibrox_disaster disaster that happened at Glasgow's Ibrox Stadium in 1971]], killing 66 fans.
** Football hooliganism was so bad in Britain that following the Heysel disaster mentioned above (during which 39 Italian fans died largely as a result of the actions of English hooligans), for five years English teams were no longer permitted to play in games in the rest of Europe. In addition the already poor reputation as unruly louts that most British fans had, matters weren't helped by an unpleasant strain of [[MisplacedNationalism bigoted xenophobia]] that such games tended to produce; hooligan firms have long been notorious recruiting grounds for [[ANaziByAnyOtherName far-right activist groups]] like the National Front.
* Manchester 2008. After a screen failure during the UEFA Cup Final between Scottish side Rangers and Russia's Zenit St. Petersburg, Rangers fans starting rioting throughout the city. Rangers would lose the Cup final (and the league that season). It was scenes of chaos, and seemed to have given Rangers a horrendous reputation in other countries, especially combined with other scenes in Spain.
** Glasgow Rangers fans are known to others as "the Huns". There is a very good reason for this.
** In an earlier visit to Manchester for a "friendly" against United, Glasgow Rangers fans attacked and trashed the Catholic Truth Society bookshop and religious icons outlet because... well, it had "Catholic" in the name and as such was an affront to their Protestant and Unionist sensitivities.
* Russian fans have an extremely bad reputation as football hooligans, to the point where they're steadily displacing English fans in the popular image of the football hooligan - ironically, their football firms are heavily modelled off English hooligan firms.
* Another football team with a bad reputation, Millwall, once came to Manchester for a game. Forewarned, police tried to herd the fans down Wilmslow Road to the then Man City ground at Maine Road. The visiting London hard nuts overpowered their police escort, succeeding in gutting and emptying an Asian jewellers before order could be restored. A lot of exotic bling made it back to London...
* In the US, similar things occur, but it's more well known with UsefulNotes/AmericanFootball.
** Creator/HunterSThompson noted in his 1974 ''Rolling Stone'' article "Fear and Loathing at the UsefulNotes/SuperBowl" that in the relatively early years of pro football (i.e. the early to mid [[TheSixties '60s]]), the main reason ''anyone'' went to a football game was to get drunk, get high (if that was their thing), and brawl. In other words, it was the counterculture's answer to baseball, which at that point was family-friendly and "America's pastime".\\
However, football was also the ''perfect'' sport for television, with an easy-to-see ball, relatively predictable game length, built-in commercial breaks between downs, and a great deal of action and drama on plays. While baseball was the perfect sport for radio, with its slow pace offering lots of room for commentary, it had a lot of trouble readily adapting to the new medium of television (particularly with the drama and length issues); it wasn't until TheSeventies when sports broadcasters really figured out how to make baseball games on TV exciting (by focusing heavily on player movement rather than anything else, e.g. the ball). As a result, the football execs started to build new stadiums and try to attract a different audience--the middle-class suburban folks with [=TVs=]. Thompson was understandably dismayed.
** The city of UsefulNotes/{{Philadelphia}} is notorious for having some of the most vicious sports fans in the nation, no matter the sport. The [[http://www.snopes.com/holidays/christmas/santa/philadelphia.asp "throwing snowballs at Santa"]] incident is ''always'' brought up whenever Philly sports teams are mentioned, and the Eagles' old stadium, Veterans Stadium, had a fully-functional branch of the Philadelphia Municipal Court (known unofficially as "Eagles Court") in the basement to handle the number of fights that broke out at games.[[note]]Fun fact: the judge of that court, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seamus_McCaffery Seamus McCaffery]], sat on the Pennsylvania Supreme Court for a while before resigning in disgrace over some distinctly shady dealings.[[/note]] The ''Guardian'' article linked to in the description was talking about Philadelphia Eagles fans, and called the city "the American Millwall". The 700 Level of Veterans Stadium was infamous for being where the worst of the worst among Eagles fans could be found, and was described by TheOtherWiki as being known for "hostile taunting, fighting, public urination and general strangeness."
*** [[http://www.thedailyshow.com/watch/mon-november-2-2009/clash-of-the-cretins This clip]] from ''Series/TheDailyShow'' makes fun of Philly's reputation.
*** In 2009, a Phillies fan [[DisproportionateRetribution fatally shot]] a St. Louis Cardinals fan for wearing a Cardinals jersey after a game in Philadelphia. This happened on the day that Phillies fans also [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking flashed a laser-pen in the Cardinal players' eyes when they came up to bat]]. What's even more bizarre is that Cardinal Nation is considered the ''nicest'' fan base (though you shouldn't [[BewareTheNiceOnes push the wrong buttons too hard]]) and generally avert this trope (fights and booing are quite rare at Busch Stadium).
** The Oakland-then-Los-Angeles-then-Oakland-again Raiders fans have a reputation for thuggishness (especially during and after the LA years), so much so that some stadiums ... San Diego (and Anaheim, back when it was the home stadium for the Rams) in particular, due to their proximity to the still-large Raider fanbase in LA... take special precautions when the Raiders are playing there, knowing Raider Nation will be descending in force.
** Massachusetts is also known for sports hooliganry, with both baseball and football. After one Super Bowl, there were cars turned upside down and set on fire in Boston, and at least one murder. And after the Red Sox won the ALCS in 2004, there were celebratory riots all over New England and a death in Boston.
** West Virginia fans burn couches.
*** As have Michigan State fans historically--although more usually for basketball than football. More recently, fans are much, much more likely to just make a joke about setting a couch on fire than actually do it (e.g. one MSU-based intercollegiate club Ultimate Frisbee team was called "The Burning Couch"). A small riot and some actual couch-burning did show up again after the Spartans won the 2013 Big Ten football championship, which was linked to that championship ending MSU's 25-year Rose Bowl drought (as winning the championship earned MSU the Big Ten spot in the 2014 Rose Bowl).
** Texas Tech's Jones Stadium is notorious in Big 12 circles for all sorts things being thrown from the stands. It gets worse when Texas or Texas A&M come to town.
** Basketball example: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pacers%E2%80%93Pistons_brawl the Pacers-Pistons brawl]], aka "The Malice at the Palace", which started as a fight between players before a UsefulNotes/{{Detroit}} Pistons fan threw a drink at Indiana Pacers player Ron Artest, causing the fight to spill into the stands. Artest and eight other players were suspended without pay for a total of 146 games, five of them were convicted of assault on top of it, and five fans received lifetime bans from Pistons home games.[[note]]Artest later changed his name to "Metta World Peace." The irony of this change--especially given that besides the Malice, Artest/World Peace had previously been convicted of domestic violence--was lost on no one. That being said, he does seem to have mellowed out since then.[[/note]]
** In baseball, Giants fan Bryan Stow was [[http://www.cbc.ca/sports/baseball/story/2011/04/01/sp-giants-fan.html?ref=rss beaten by angry Dodgers fans]] outside Dodger Stadium on Opening Day 2011.
** In Canada such supporters emerge from hockey ([[CanadianEqualsHockeyFan of course]]). Montreal has had two riots in 1986 and 1993, both after the Canadiens won UsefulNotes/StanleyCup Finals; Vancouver has had two riots in 1994 and 2011, both after the Canucks lost in Game 7. Montreal also had a riot back in 1955 after Maurice "The Rocket" Richard was suspended for the rest of the season for a violent on-ice incident with a linesman (the Francophone Canadien fanbase thought the suspension was too harsh and that NHL President Clarence Campbell was being racist against Richard's French-Canadian ethnicity).
** The first three times the Chicago Bulls won the NBA finals the city of Chicago erupted into violence in "celebration." It got so bad that during the second "threepeat" finals games Bulls players took to the airwaves basically begging the fans not to riot.
** Portland, OR's Timbers Army seems to have deliberately modeled itself after its English equivalents (although it's ''mostly'' for show)
* It is not uncommon for the local police to patrol the sidelines dressed in riot gear at a high school football game at any town in Argentina, just in case the crowd gets a little too rowdy.
* As bad as hooliganism gets in Europe, it's far worse in South America, and even more so in Argentina. Estimates are 250 people died in roughly 80 years as results of the "Barra bravas" (read: gangs of hooligans), and that's excluding 300 deaths in a match played by the Argentine national squad in Peru. And then there was the 2015 Libertadores incident where Boca Juniors fans pepper-sprayed River Plate ''players'' as they came off the tunnel for the second half of their match (the second leg of their Round of 16 match), which got Boca suspended from the competition.
** Brazil has a problem where the hooligans vandalize town ''celebrating'' instead of rioting.
** Chile has its share of "Barras Bravas" too. Principally, thanks to the most rabid fans of either Colo Colo and Universidad de Chile. Whenever these teams play against each other, it's time to '''run the fuck away''' from wherever they're playing.
* Inverted with the Danish equivalent, the "roligans", who are probably among the nicest football fans in the world ("rolig" is Danish for "peaceful").
* Israel has a team named Beitar Jerusalem, whose fans are particularly notorious for being this (coupled with [[AbsoluteXenophobe hardcore xenophobia]] and LowerClassLout behaviour). Their most hardcore fans, known as [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast La Familia]], are particularly notorious in this respect. Saner fans of the club insist that [[VocalMinority only a very small portion of the fans actually act like this]], and some right-wing soccer fans believe that the media, which they believe has a strong leftist bias, conveniently overlook the same behaviour from [=HaPoel=] Tel-Avivís fans, because their team is associated with leftist positions. (How true this accusation is [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment will not be discussed here]].)
* The infamous friendly between England and the Republic of Ireland at Landsdowne Road in 1995 was abandoned when English fans began rioting after an English goal was disallowed (Ireland were 1-0 up at the time). Many speculate that this might not have happened if the match was played at the then-traditional time for Irish home internationals in the afternoon instead of the evening [[ExecutiveMeddling as mandated by Sky, who held the match's broadcast rights]]. The two countries did not play each other again at soccer for eighteen years, by which time the [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles political issues]] that had fueled the violence were significantly reduced. (Although there was still some trouble over sectarian chanting by elements of the crowd.)
* On a similar note, the Old Firm match-up between Rangers and Celtic is notorious for violence and sectarian chanting, being intimately intertwined with UsefulNotes/TheTroubles - it got to the point where renowned BBC War Correspondent Kate Adie noted that you could tell when riots and protests were going to start and finish by looking at the respective fixture lists.
* A cricket example OlderThanRadio, the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sydney_Riot_of_1879 Sydney Riot of 1879]]
* The fan clubs of Turkey's "Big Three" football clubs, Galatasaray, Beşiktaş, Fenerbahçe, have traditionally been extremely organised and well armed, culminating in a nasty incident in 2000 where a clash with some British hooligans resulted with the deaths of two British fans. The government instituted a crackdown on fan clubs afterwards. Despite the bitter rivalry between the teams, the three groups are not averse to pooling their resources together for national games.
** The 2013 protests in Turkey started in Beşiktaş turf and their main fan organisation, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%87ar%C5%9F%C4%B1_(supporter_group) Çarsi]], quickly lent support and equipment to the protesters, helping coordinate their movements and resisting the police. When the protests escalated, Galatasaray supporters [[EnemyMine lent their support to Çarsi]]. Fenerbahçe fans, traditionally coming from a background that supported the leading AKP government, did not get involved en-masse.
* In Indonesia, many soccer clubs have this, resulting frequently in full-blown riots. Some notorious examples are from Jakarta (The Jak or Jakmania as ''Persija'' (''Persatuan Sepak Bola Jakarta'')fans club), Surabaya (Bonek, the MOST notorious among them all, as fans club of ''Persebaya'' (''Persatuan Sepak Bola Surabaya'')), Bandung (Bobotoh and Viking, both are fans of ''Persib'' alias ''Persatuan Sepak Bola Bandung''), and Malang (Aremania, the fans of ''Arema''). Since Jakarta and Bandung are pretty close to one another as well as Surabaya and Malang pair, any match involving those pair of cities can get pretty violent