%% Image selected per Image Pickin' thread: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/posts.php?discussion=1308692408064620100
%% Please do not change or remove without starting a new thread.
%%
[[quoteright:318:[[DeadOnArrival http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Noir_8041.png]]]]
[-[[caption-width-right:318: PrivateDetective? Check. FemmeFatale? Check. {{Chiaroscuro}} lighting? Check. This is Film Noir.]]-]

->''"You need [[CopsAndDetectives cops]], venetian blinds, [[EverybodySmokes lots of smoking]], [[NiceHat hats]], sweat, dead-end streets, guys who know all the angles except for the one that ends up sticking out of their backs. Sirens of the [[ChaseScene automotive]] and [[FemmeFatale female]] kind."''
-->-- '''James Lileks''', ''The Bleat'', [[http://lileks.com/bleat/?p=701 "Think You Oughta Drink That"]]

For added effect, play [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nCGeG1tHQuY this]] or [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sCQfTNOC5aE this]] while reading the article.

Film Noir (literally "black film" in French) is a genre of stylish crime dramas, difficult to define, but the [[TheForties 1940s]] and [[TheFifties 1950s]] were the classic period. Whether works since then can be accurately classed as Noir is a subject of much debate among film critics. Film Noir, and the literature from which it is drawn, is clearly the progenitor of later genres, particularly {{cyberpunk}}.

Common subjects of noir films include murder investigations, [[TheCaper heists]], [[TheCon con games]], and (mostly) innocent men or women WronglyAccused of crime. The [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder double-cross]] and [[SmokingIsCool cigarette smoking]] are mandatory. [[KudzuPlot Complicated plots]] are further convoluted by {{Flashback}}s and {{Flash Forward}}s -- the [[{{Narrator}} narration]] tying everything together, [[UnreliableNarrator assuming we can trust him]].

''Noir'', in the classic and stylistic sense, is visually darker than your average gangster picture, [[{{Chiaroscuro}} playing with light and long, deep shadows]] instead of bright, documentary-styled camera work. This visual motif is so iconic that homages and parodies are almost universally DeliberatelyMonochrome, using a [[FadeToGray transition between colour and black and white]] where necessary. Scenes are often filmed on location, and night scenes are shot at night. Camera angles are often very creative and unusual, heightening the viewers sense of unease, adding to the atmosphere. The contrast between light and dark is sometimes used in the cinematography to reflect the difference between the [[BigBad villain]] and the protagonist(s). the combination of brooding sets with convoluted plots and you have the basis of the genre-defining works. [[CyberpunkWithAChanceOfRain It rains most every night]] in FilmNoir; filmmakers admit that this is entirely because at night wet pavement [[RuleOfCool looks cooler than dry.]] Also, the rain makes it plausible that no one else is around.

The AntiHero is the most common protagonist of the Noir -- a man alienated from society, suffering an existential crisis. Frequently portrayed as a disillusioned, cynical police officer or [[PrivateDetective private-eye]] and played by a fast-talking actor, the AntiHero is no fool and doesn't suffer fools gladly. He faces morally ambiguous decisions and battles with [[CrapsackWorld a world that seems like it is out to get him and/or those closest to him.]] Expect any woman to be called a "skirt."

The setting is often [[CityNoir a large, oppressive city (filmed in dark and dusky conditions to create a moody atmosphere)]], with Mexico often playing a big role. Familiar haunts include dimly-lit bars, [[DenOfIniquity nightclubs filled with questionable clientele]] (including, the {{Gayngster}}) whom the lead may intimidate for information, gambling dens, juke joints and the ubiquitous seedy [[AbandonedWarehouse waterfront warehouse]]. At night in the big city, you can bet the streets are slick with rain, reflecting streetlights like a Hopper painting. [[HumansAreBastards Most of the characters (including the lead) are cynical, misanthropical and hopeless]] all the way through the film, and never find [[RedemptionQuest true redemption]].

The tone and outlook of Film Noir ''must'' be [[DarkerAndEdgier bleak]], [[CrapsackWorld defeatist]], and [[SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism pessimistic]] -- it always ''suggests'' a sliminess beyond what it can [[CensorshipBureau show]]. Nobody gets what they want, and [[LaserGuidedKarma everyone gets what's coming to them]]. Characters are often armed -- [[RevolversAreJustBetter revolvers]], [[HandCannon Colt 1911s]], and if they need MoreDakka, tommy guns. They'll probably wear a [[NiceHat Fedora or trilby hat]] with a [[BadassLongcoat trench coat]]. Frequently the ending will be [[{{Anticlimax}} low-key]] and [[DownerEnding leave no one character happy or fulfilled]]. Commonly, there is also a great deal of [[BelligerentSexualTension sexual tension]] between the hero and the female lead; Noir stories are quite risqué. The original Film Noir era followed the [[CensorshipBureau Hays Code]], so the odds of a female lead removing her clothing are minimal. This applies to modern versions; [[{{Fanservice}} gratuitous nudity]] or scenes of excessive violence are [[GoryDiscretionShot hinted at]] [[SexyDiscretionShot rather than portrayed.]] It is often what is ''not'' seen that adds to the mystery and suspense.

Film Noir works are often low on [[MrExposition exposition]] to heighten tension, keeping the audience guessing until the [[TheReveal final unraveling]]. The conclusion takes place in the closing moments, ties up all the loose ends, answers many (if not all) of the major questions and keeps the [[GreyAndGrayMorality morally ambiguous theme]] of the work intact. These factors contribute to the widely-held opinion that Film Noir works are among the best artistic works of all time ''despite'' their grim settings and contemptible characters.

Not to be confused with the religious conspiracy anime ''Anime/{{Noir}}'', nor with a certain [[Webcomic/{{Homestuck}} carapacian Archagent]].

[[index]]
!!Characters associated with FilmNoir:

* AntiHero
* BadCopIncompetentCop
* TheChanteuse
* TheCynic
* DeadpanSnarker
* DetectiveAnimal
* DirtyCop
* FemmeFatale
* HardboiledDetective
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold
* KnightInSourArmor
* TheMafia and other organized crime.
* MysteriousWoman
* TheSnarkKnight

!!Other tropes associated with Film Noir:

* CityNoir
* DeliberatelyMonochrome
* DutchAngle
* EmergingFromTheShadows
* EverybodySmokes
* GoingByTheMatchbook
* GrayRainOfDepression
* MinorCrimeRevealsMajorPlot
* PrivateEyeMonologue
* SmokingIsCool
* SympathyForTheDevil
* WeatherReportNarration

A common form of SomethingCompletelyDifferent is the NoirEpisode -- a work spends a single episode {{homag|e}}ing or {{parody}}ing FilmNoir style ([[ShallowParody or just has everyone wearing trilbies and talking about the rain, in black and white]]). FantasticNoir is a sub-genre with [[{{Fantasy}} fantastic]] or ScienceFiction elements. See also our SoYouWantTo/WriteAFilmNoir guide.
----
!!Examples (the first three subcategories contain Film, Literature and WesternAnimation) :

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Proto-Noir]]
* ''The Mysteries of Paris'' by Eugene Sue pretty started the whole modern Urban Crime/Mystery genre
* ''Literature/TheVampireCountess'' by Creator/PaulFeval, is ambiguous about its supernatural elements: the title character may just be a ManipulativeBitch con woman and a FemmeFatale. Also has a Noir style AntiHero who knocks up a teenage girl that falls in love with him but is then seduced by The FemmeFatale. And it in general depicts the seedy underworld of 1804 Paris.
** ''Literature/JohnDevil'' by the same author, while not as Noir like in general, does anticipate the classic FemmeFatale in the Detective's office scene.
* Some of the darker ArseneLupin stories, particularly ''813''
* The Hardboiled genre of crime and detective fiction, by authors like:
** Creator/RaymondChandler (1888-1959)
** JamesMCain (1892-1977)
** Creator/DashiellHammett (1894-1961)
* ''Film/LittleCaesar'' (1931), a crime drama depicting the rise and fall of an organized crime leader.
* ''Film/{{M}}'' (1931), a [[GermanExpressionism German Expressionistic]] movie called , starring Creator/PeterLorre as a peculiarly sympathetic SerialKiller. Not quite noir, but getting there.
* ''Film/ThePublicEnemy'' (1931). Following the exploits of a hoodlum from entry-level crimes, to his rise in the crime ranks, and to his eventual demise.
* ''Film/{{Freaks}}'' (1932), a horror film. Excluding all the slice-of-life scenes that take up the majority of it, the actual plot is pretty noirish.
* ''Film/IAmAFugitiveFromAChainGang'' (1932). A random man is caught up in a robbery and the legal system never ceases to hunt him down. An anti-establishment film with a famous finale.
* ''Film/DasTestamentDesDoktorMabuse'' (1933). A sequel to an earlier film and a story where the eponymous DiabolicalMastermind seems to control an entire gang while incarcerated.
* ''Film/TheThinMan'' (1934). A MysteryFiction film based on a Dashiel Hammett novel. While more light-hearted than proper noirs, it is still considered one of the best adaptations of the hard-boiled literary genre.
* ''Film/AngelsWithDirtyFaces'' (1938). Crime film which famously uses the HadToComeToPrisonToBeACrook plot. A child criminal is caught for a petty crime and send to reform school. He stays in the system for life, going in and out of prison through his adulthood and eventually executed. A fellow child criminal who was never caught became a priest.
* ''Film/TheRoaringTwenties'' (1939). Crime thriller covering the Prohibition era.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Frequently Referenced "Classic" Noirs]]
* ''Literature/{{Rebecca}}'' (1940). A mystery thriller with GothicHorror elents. A number of film critics, such as Patrick Brion, regard it as "the first true film noir" and others term it a "gothic noir".
* ''Film/StrangerOnTheThirdFloor'' (1940). Often cited as "the first true film noir" due to including many of the relevant tropes and cinematographic techniques. A BMovie and a box office flop at the time of release , it was re-appraised decades later. It is now considered groundbreaking.
* ''Film/CitizenKane'' (1941). While often excluded from lists, its visual style and "voice-over driven narrative structure" are widely cited as extremely influential to the genre.
* ''Film/HighSierra'' (1941). Considered as a transition film between the 1930s gangster films and the 1940s films noir. First leading role and StarMakingRole for Creator/HumphreyBogart, who had already made a career of playing gangsters in crime films.
* ''Film/TheMalteseFalcon'' (1941). The third film adaptation of the same Dashiell Hammett novel, the second leading role for Humphrey Bogart, and the directorial debut of Creator/JohnHuston. An iconic depiction of the HardboiledDetective and a major hit for the film noir genre.
* ''Film/ThisGunForHire'' (1942). Based on a Creator/GrahamGreene novel, though with some material reworked for wartime-propaganda reasons. ProfessionalKiller Philip Raven completes an assignment and is then double-crossed by his latest employer. He sets out to get revenge. Meanwhile, [[TheChanteuse Nightclub Singer]] Ellen Graham is recruited by the federal authorities to spy on her current boss, who is suspected to be a fifth columnist. Raven and Graham are unknowingly WorkingTheSameCase and their paths cross. A major hit for the film noir genre, and the film which turned Alan Ladd and Veronica Lake into "reliable box office draws".
* ''Film/{{Casablanca}}'' (1943). Wartime drama which has been listed as another major influence on the genre. The lighting and visuals were similar but darker to those of ''The Maltese Falcon''. The setting in a shady and exotic bar of Morocco, the cynical and world-weary protagonist, the adulterous undertones of the main LoveTriangle, a narrative populated by gangsters, black marketeers, con-artists, corrupt cops, and fleeing refugees willing to make deals to save their skins all add to the general mood of melancholy and pessimism. Casablanca as depicted here is a CityNoir. Or in the words of Sheri Chinen Biesen, "a cramped, crowded, where an underworld climate and abundant dubious nocturnal activity proliferate".
* ''Film/DoubleIndemnity'' (1944). A film notorious for pushing the envelope on UsefulNotes/TheHaysCode restrictions to its limits. Despite an activist campaign "imploring the public to stay away on moral grounds", the film was a major critical and box office hit. It paved the way for further dark, controversial films and directly inspired imitators. Often seen as the TropeCodifier for films noir.
* ''Literature/{{Laura}}'' (1944). Advertising executive Laura Hunt is seemingly murdered within her own apartment. A police detective investigating the case becomes intrigued with her life and personality. An interest which becomes obsessive. Somewhat atypical for the genre in shifting focus from the criminal underworld to the privileged classes of UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity and their own shady side. A stylish depiction of glamour, obsession, and suggestive sexuality.
* ''Film/MurderMySweet'' (1944). The first film adaptation of a Literature/PhilipMarlowe novel and one of the highly-regarded depictions of the HardboiledDetective in cinema. The so-called "standard private eye formula" (of seeking a missing person and ending up personally involved in a bizarre case) tends to follow the lead of this film.
* ''Film/TheWomanInTheWindow'' (1944). A married, middle-aged man falls for a FemmeFatale, and is involved in a fight with her current boyfriend. He kills the man in self-defense and soon discovers that he can not get away with it. On the surface a conservative parable on acting on repressed desires and paying a price for it. It has been argued however that director Creator/FritzLang aimed to depict the thin line between respectability and immorality, and how an ordinary person can be caught in a web of murder and intrigue. Another key theme to the film noir genre.
* ''Film/{{Detour}}'' (1945). A so-called "Poverty Row" production (a term used for low-budget films by lesser-tier studios) which is now hailed as a major critical hit in the genre and the masterpiece of director Edgar G. Ulmer. Al Roberts, a New York pianist, impulsively decides to hitch-hike his way to California, where he hopes to reunite with a former lover. He is eventually picked-up by professional gambler Charles Haskell, Jr. who is also heading to California in hopes of "a big payoff". Haskell actually wanted a second driver in the car, to allow himself some much-needed sleep. He keeps popping pills during their journey through the Arizona desert, and does not survive it. He dies in his sleep, the cause of death never specified. Roberts decides to claim the identity and property of the dead man for himself. He knows nothing, however, about the loose ends in the real Haskell's life and complications soon arise. The film is often described as a deconstruction of the phrase "Go West, young man", and the idea of heading West in search of a better life. There are four important characters in the film who head West in pursuit of their dreams. All end up either dead or with their dreams thoroughly crushed.
* ''MildredPierce'' (1945). The film opens with the murder of Monte Beragon. His widow Mildred then narrates her story. A story which starts with the end of a previous marriage in a divorce, her winning custody over her daughters, and her efforts to financially support them. Unfortunately, elder daughter Veda is a FilleFatale and the mother-daughter relationship is not a particularly healthy one. The prevailing mood of "pessimism and paranoia", the visual style, and the convoluted narrative have earned the film a place among the better known entries of the genre. Though an entry where the two main female characters dominate the narrative and family relationships take center stage.
* ''Film/TheBigSleep'' (1946). A Literature/PhilipMarlowe film, particularly noted for its "labyrinthine" complexity and enigmatic ambiguity.
* ''Film/TheBlueDahlia'' (1946). A Navy officer returns from war service to discover that his son is dead (due to a traffic accident) and his wife unfaithful. When said wife is found murdered, the widower becomes one of several suspects in this murder case. The film is noted for its jaded view of what awaits the returning veterans of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, broken homes and nothing to return to. The protagonist himself has violent tendencies which are not particularly helping him adjust to civilian life even before the mystery begins.
* ''Film/{{Gilda}}'' (1946). A film set in the decadent atmosphere of post-war Buenos Aires. At its heart is a love-hate relationship between the male lead (and narrator) Johnny Farrell and female lead Gilda. A relationship with what critics call "dark and disturbing sadomasochistic sexual currents" which takes over the plot.
* ''[[Film/ThePostmanAlwaysRingsTwice1946 The Postman Always Rings Twice]]'' (1946). An adaptation of a James M. Cain novel. A male drifter and the female manager of a rural diner have a passionate affair. But there is still the problem of her loveless marriage to a much older man, who actually owns the diner. They decide to murder him and fulfill their dreams. But the dream soon turns into a living nightmare for them.
* ''TheStrangeLoveOfMarthaIvers'' (1946). The film opens in the 1920s. The eponymous young girl is the only living relative and heiress of a wealthy, domineering woman. She is miserable while under the control of the aunt, and one night tries to run away with the help of a (male) childhood friend. She fails to escape undetected, struggles with the aunt over a flight of stairs, and accidentally kills her. Worse, there is a witness to her crime. So she is blackmailed into marrying the witness, while someone else is blamed for the "murder" and executed. Her old friend seems to vanish. The plot moves to the 1940s. Martha is fabulously wealthy, and has financed a political career for her husband, who has grown to genuinely love her. They wield "tremendous power" in their community. When her long-missing friend drifts back into their lives, the couple is convinced that he knows all about what happened that long-ago night and aims to blackmail them. They try to silence him in various ways, unaware that he actually had no idea what happened that night. He is simply in town because he took a [[WrongTurnAtAlbuquerque Wrong Turn]] while driving. The film is one of the better known films noir of Barbara Stanwyck and Lizabeth Scott, who were both major stars in the genre.
* ''Film/DarkPassage'' (1947). A bleak adaptation of a David Goodis novel. A man wrongly convicted of murdering his own wife escapes prison. He hopes to [[ClearMyName Clear His Name]] but the goal remains out of reach for most of the film. The film was one of the earliest to extensively use subjective camera angles to hide the face of the protagonist. This obscuring technique is used for about 1/3 of its duration. It was also notable for defying Hays Code standards in its finale. [[spoiler: The actual murderer commits suicide. The protagonist never clears his name and remains the main suspect of an additional murder. Instead of a stereotypical "justice prevails" ending, the man will remain a fugitive for life.]] The film originally received mixed reviews, but has [[VindicatedByHistory since gained a pretty good reputation]].
* ''Film/DeadReckoning'' (1947). Two paratroopers return from WorldWarII and learn they are about to receive medals for their honorable service. Johnny Drake seems terrified of the notion that his picture will appear in the press and attempts to disappear. His incinerated corpse is later discovered, though his death is deemed accidental. His surviving friend Warren Murdock is not convinced. He wants to know what caused his friend to disappear and why the man was killed. Murdock soon finds himself framed for murder and caught in a web of intrigue, dating to the years before the War. Coral "Dusty" Chandler, the FemmeFatale of the film, is considered among the most notable examples in the genre, and is often discussed in reviews of misogynistic elements in films noir. Several film critics insist there is a HomoeroticSubtext in the relationship between Drake and Murdoch, which gets the film frequently included in reviews of gender identity in film noir.
* ''Film/KissOfDeath'' (1947 version). The film begins with family man Nick Bianco in dire financial straights. His status as an ex-convict leaves him unemployable, despite his decision to live an honest life. His inability to provide for his daughters causes him to join a criminal gang, and take part in a jewel heist. When an alarm is set off and the police arrives, Nick is injured and captured. He decides to protect the identities of his associates and take the fall for them. He does so with the understanding that his gang will take care of his wife and underage daughters. A couple of years later, Nick learns that the gang eventually abandoned his family. His broke wife committed suicide, and his daughters have become wards of an orphanage. He decides to co-operate with the authorities to earn a parole, a decision which will endanger his life. Noted for its realistic, almost documentary style, depiction of New York City. The film is currently mostly mentioned for a memorable secondary character: Tommy Udo. Udo is a PsychoForHire with a distinctive laugh (a "high-pitched falchetto), best used when disposing victims in sadistic ways. A character often compared to SelfDemonstrating/TheJoker.
* ''Film/TheLadyFromShanghai'' (1947). An Creator/OrsonWelles entry in the genre. While in Central Park, seaman Michael O'Hara chances on a beautiful woman being assaulted. He rescues Elsa Bannister and is then offered a job on the yacht of her husband. Then a partner of said husband offers Michael a substantial sum of money, in exchange for helping him to [[FakingTheDead fake his death]]. By taking this deal, Michael is caught in a trap. Just about every character seems to have his own agenda, in a film noted for its complex narrative, [[GambitPileup multiple agendas]], and groundbreaking cinematography.
* ''Film/NightmareAlley'' (1947). Stanton Carlisle works at a CrappyCarnival but has ambitions to improve his life. He seduces an older woman, has-been FortuneTeller Mademoiselle Zeena, to learn the secrets that had once made her a star. Then abandons her to start a lucrative career as a PhonyPsychic and ConMan. An alliance with [[PsychoPsychologist amoral psychologist]] Lilith Ritter will help him prey on her wealthy patients. But then his greatest scheme backfires. [[spoiler: His guild-ridden wife Molly exposes him to their latest victim, effectively ending his career. Lilith cheats him out of his share for their schemes and financially ruins him.]] A flop at the time of release, currently listed among the classics of the genre.
* ''Film/OutOfThePast'' (1947). In a small town of California, retired PrivateDetective Jeff Bailey romances local girl Ann Miller. When a figure from his past arrives and invites him to a meeting, Jeff accepts and takes Ann with him. He narrates to her a convoluted tale from his DarkAndTroubledPast, including his former infatuation with FemmeFatale Kathie Moffat, and involvement with various shady characters. In the present, Kathie and several of these characters are also in California. The plots and schemes from his tale are still ongoing, and he still has a role to play in them. A film notorious for its complex script and ambiguity concerning the motivations and thought processes of every character, Jeff included.

* ''Film/KeyLargo'' (1948)
* ''Film/TheThirdMan'' (1949)
* ''Film/WhiteHeat'' (1949)
* ''Film/TheAsphaltJungle'' (1950)
* ''Film/InALonelyPlace'' (1950)
* ''Film/SunsetBoulevard'' (1950)
* ''[[Film/{{DOA}} Dead On Arrival]]'' (1950)(Source of the above picture)
* '' Film/NightAndTheCity'' (1950)
* ''Film/PickupOnSouthStreet'' (1953)
* ''Film/TheBigCombo'' (1955)
* ''[[Literature/MikeHammer KissMeDeadly]]'' (1955)
* ''Film/TheKilling'' (1956)
* ''Film/SweetSmellOfSuccess'' (1957)
* '' Film/TheWrongMan'' (1957)
* ''Film/TouchOfEvil'' (1958)
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Post-Classic & Neo-Noir]]
* ''Film/{{Breathless}}'' (1960)
* ''Film/ShootThePianoPlayer'' (1960)
* ''Film/{{Brainstorm}}'' (1965)
* ''Film/LeSamourai'' (1967). Anything directed by Jean-Pierre Melville.
* ''Film/{{Taggart}}'' (according to the French)
* ''Film/PointBlank'' (1967)
* ''Film/{{Bullitt}}'' (1968)
* ''Pretty Poison'' (1968)
* ''Film/{{Klute}}'' (1971)
* ''TheLongGoodbye'' (1973)
* ''Film/{{Chinatown}}'' (1974)
* ''Film/BringMeTheHeadOfAlfredoGarcia'' (1974) A rare noir taking place in sunny, but still craptastic Mexico
* ''Film/TheDrowningPool'' (1975)
* ''Film/NightMoves'' (1975)
* ''Film/TaxiDriver'' (1976).
* ''Film/BodyHeat'' (1981)
* ''Film/BladeRunner'' (1982), one of the most influential examples of {{Cyberpunk}} showing its Noir pedigree.
* ''Film/DeadMenDontWearPlaid'' (1983) is an AffectionateParody of Noir.
* ''Film/TheElementOfCrime'' (1984) is simultaneously a {{Homage}} and a {{Deconstruction}} of the genre.
* ''Film/BloodSimple'' (1985)
* ''Film/BlueVelvet'' (1986)
* ''Film/AngelHeart'' (1987) combines Noir with horror to stunning effect.
* ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit'' (1988) Don't let the 'Toons fool you. This has a very noir plot.
* ''MillersCrossing'' (1990)
* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries'' (1992) and ''WesternAnimation/BatmanMaskOfThePhantasm'' (1993)
* ''Film/RedRockWest'' (1992)
* ''Film/ManBitesDog'' (1992)
* ''Film/TheLastSeduction'' (1994)
* ''Film/InTheMouthOfMadness'' (1995)
* ''Film/{{Se7en}}'' (1995)
* ''Film/TheUsualSuspects'' (1995), whose title comes from a famous line in ''{{Casablanca}}''.
* ''Film/{{Heat}}'' (1995)
* Clive Barker's ''Film/LordOfIllusions'' (1995) combines noir elements with [[Creator/HPLovecraft Lovecraftian]] body horror.
* ''Film/{{Bound}}'' (1996)
* ''Film/MulhollandFalls'' (1996)
* ''Film/LAConfidential'' (1997)
* ''Film/LostHighway'' (1997)
* ''Film/TheBloodyOlive'' (1997)
* ''Film/TheBigLebowski'' (1998) is a simultaneous {{homage}} to and [[TheParody parody of]] Film Noir specific tropes.
** This is known as "Parody of Reaffirmation", like Weird Al parodying music, but at the same time is making music, or Scream parodying horror movies, all the while being a horror movie.
* ''Film/{{Following}}'' (1998) The directorial debut of ChristopherNolan is the British ([[DownplayedTrope somewhat subverted]]) version of the Film Noir standard. Since then, his films will as a rule have at least a Noir-isn "vibe" to them.
* ''Film/DarkCity'' (1998)
* ''Film/FightClub'' (1999)
* ''Film/TheMatrix'' (1999) hardly pure noir but has strong elements of it. The sequels, much less so.
* ''Film/TheThirteenthFloor'' (1999) is noir through and through, right down to the music and the dress styles.
* ''Film/{{Payback}}'' (1999)
* ''Film/{{Memento}}'' (2000)
* ''Film/TheManWhoWasntThere'' (2001)
* ''Film/MulhollandDrive'' (2001)
* ''Film/TheBourneSeries'' (2002-2007) has a heavy neo-noir feel in many scenes
* ''Film/RoadToPerdition'' (2002)
* ''Film/{{Collateral}}'' (2004)
* ''Film/{{Brick}}'' (2005), which is interestingly set in a HighSchool. It also uses 1930s slang so thick you might need a translator.
* ''Film/SinCity'' (2005), which is the genre's conventions turned UpToEleven.
* ''Film/KissKissBangBang'' (2005) throws in a heavy dose of comedy.
* ''Renaissance'' (2006) (Black & white CG movie set in Paris, [[RecycledInSpace IN THE FUTURE]])
* ''Film/TheEmpireStateBuildingMurders'' (2006) uses TalkingHeads and film noir clips to tell its own noir story.
* ''Film/TheBlackDahlia''. Creator/BrianDePalma-directed try at "the ultimate film noir". Known for its super-stylization and ''very'' complicated plot.
* ''Film/TheSpirit'' (2008). Oh man, The Spirit.
* ''Film/PublicEnemies'' (2009)
* ''Film/WintersBone'' (2010) is an example of Neo-Realist Noir, setting a missing persons case in the isolated and meth-ravaged communities of the Ozarks.
* ''Film/{{Drive}}'' (2011)
* ''Film/{{Looper}}'' (2012)
* ''[[Film/UniversalSoldier Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning]]'' (2012) is essentially a neo-noir movie with martial arts action and homages to other movies such as ''Film/ApocalypseNow''.
[[/folder]]
[[/index]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''Anime/TheBigO''
* ''Anime/CowboyBebop''
* ''Anime/ErgoProxy''. Especially the first few episodes.
* ''Manga/GhostInTheShell''
* ''Anime/{{Noir}}''
* ''Anime/DarkerThanBlack''. It's the real deal, but the character of Gai Kurasawa (a private detective), is used to parody it.
* ''Anime/SpeedGrapher'' is set in a Tokyo which is a CityNoir teaming with corruption and has its hero in IntrepidReporter Saiga who is a good example of a KnightInSourArmor.
* ''Manga/{{Monster}}'' has some elements of this trope.
* The York Shin Arc of {{HunterXHunter}} has aspects of noir that become more prominent the darker it gets.
* {{Baccano}}
** {{Durarara}}, which is written by the same author, has definite noir elements to it as well.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''ComicBook/OneHundredBullets''
* ''SinCity''
* Franchise/{{Batman}} - many stories are noir at their core. Gotham City is obviously a very noirish setting.
* ''DogbyWalksAlone'' - parodied by being placed in a ThemePark setting.
* The ''Marvel Noir'' line. Changes to Wolverine, for example, include his signature claws actually being handheld Japanese weapons. Naturally, there's a different version of Logan on the X-Men. In normal Marvel continuity, such street-level heroes as Daredevil, Comicbook/MoonKnight and the Punisher have all had runs or story arcs that followed many noir conventions.
* ''{{Blacksad}}'' - An anthropomorphic detective series, that follows the stories of John Blacksad.
* ''The Damned'' - A detective cursed to never die working for demonic(literally demons) gang bosses in the midst of a war with a rival organization.
* The third series of ''X-Factor'' features Jamie Madrox's attempt at a noir mutant detective agency.
* ''Criminal'' by Ed Brubaker.
* ''{{Sleeper}}'' by Ed Brubaker.
* ''Incognito'' by Ed Brubaker.
* Brian Michael Bendis's ''ComicBook/{{Alias}}''.
* Also by Bendis, ''ComicBook/{{SamAndTwich}}'', a spin-off from the ''ComicBook/{{Spawn}}'' series
* ''Comicbook/{{Watchmen}}'' contains significant noir elements.
* ''ComicBook/TheSpirit'', particularly the newspaper strip.
[[/folder]]


[[folder:Fan Fiction]]
* The aptly named ''FanFic/CoruscantNoir''.
* ''FanFic/ADarkKnightOverSinCity''
* There's an ongoing Webcomic/{{Homestuck}} fanfic called FanFic/CitiesInDust: [[SweetBroAndHellaJeff shit lets be hardboiled]] that puts the characters in a Noir AU.
* ''Fanfic/NightsInTheBigCity''
* [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/7206038/1/bDial_b_bM_b_For_bMutant_b Dial M For Mutant]] puts the characters of X-Men: First Class into the noir setting, complete with copious use of 30's/40's slang.
* ''Fanfic/CalvinAndHobbesTheSeries'' sometimes uses this, resulting in an OutOfGenreExperience.
* [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/7234043/1/Noirble-Hornets This]] MarbleHornets fan fiction, aptly titled "[[PunnyName Noirble Hornets]]," is a noir reimagining of Entry #22, in which [[spoiler:Alex lets Seth meet his fate in the abandoned building]].
* [[http://www.fanfiction.net/s/9386666/1/Ash-Ketchum-Master-Detective This Pokemon Fanfiction]] is titled "[[ExactlyWhatitSaysOntheTin Ash Ketchum: Master Detective]]". Uses many [[HardboiledDetective Hard-Boiled Detective]] tropes, and is best read when listening to a Jazzy Noir Soundtrack.
* [[https://www.fanfiction.net/s/5358990/1/An-Uncommon-Witness An Uncommon Witness]] is a well-researched PrincessTutu AU fic set in the RoaringTwenties which features Fakir as the HardboiledDetective, Duck as TheIngenue, Rue as the FemmeFatale, and Mytho as part of TheMafia ran by Rue's father.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* ThereWillBeBrawl
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* Most of Lawrence Block's work, Bernie Rhodenbarr mysteries in particular.
* The ''Literature/GarrettPI'' novels by Glen Cook, Literature/NeroWolfe in a gritty fantasy world.
* The novels of Creator/DashiellHammett, Creator/RaymondChandler, JamesMCain, and Jim Thompson.
* Literature/TheDresdenFiles, which is Noir [[XMeetsY meets]] UrbanFantasy.
* And Literature/TheAutomaticDetective is Noir [[XMeetsY meets]] RaygunGothic.
* ''{{Felidae}}'' is a FilmNoir [[RecycledInSpace WITH CATS]].
* The ''Literature/CoruscantNights'' series of Star Wars novels contains a lot of film noir homages. They are, in fact, an ''official'' Coruscant Noir.
* ''Literature/AllTheWrongQuestions'', a prequel series to ''Literature/ASeriesOfUnfortunateEvents'', is a big homage to noir and stars a young LemonySnicket as a KidDetective.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''VeronicaMars'' somehow effectively used this style in a San Diego high school setting. And gender swapped.
* ''Series/{{Charmed}}'' had an episode based around a book taking them to a place with this style.
* An episode of ''{{Moonlighting}}'' did this well.
* ''{{Smallville}}'' had a Jimmy centric episode set in a noir dream sequence.
* Other than being set in Hawaii, ''MagnumPI'' tended this was as well, complete with PrivateEyeMonologue.
* ''Series/KamenRiderDouble'' is based on Noir.
* ''{{Terriers}}''
* ''{{Bored to Death}}''
* ''{{Luther}}''
* ''Series/LostGirl'' has the chiaroscuro lighting and grand but decaying settings. Interesting twist though that the FemmeFatale also happens to be the AntiHero-PrivateDetective.
* The BBC two part Drama "Exile"
* ''PeterGunn''
* ''Series/TheShadowLine'' is heavily inspired by FilmNoir, borrowing many plot elements and a very dark and cynical tone.
* Season 5, episode 10 of ''Series/{{Monk}}'', "Mr. Monk and the Leper," was filmed as a noir, and there are both color and black and white versions, which were shown back-to-back when the episode premiered (the B&W version aired first).
* ''Series/{{Angel}}'' was heavily influenced by FilmNoir, mostly up to about half way through the third season, but it retained certain FilmNoir traits until the very end, such as the moral abiguity. [[spoiler: The final scene of the show is in the classic FilmNoir setting of rainy alleyway]].
* The ''Series/{{Castle}}'' season 4 episode "The Blue Butterfly" has Castle find the diary of a private eye from 1948, which results in a number of FilmNoir-style flashbacks with the regulars taking on various roles in the story - Castle as the detective, Beckett as a nightclub singer, Esposito and Ryan as gangsters and Alexis (!) as a FemmeFatale. We also get Castle doing the monologue and at one point [[FreudianSlip inadvertently swapping the name of the singer for Kate]]... which results in a RecordNeedleScratch drop out of flashback as Beckett looks at him funny.
* A 2014 episode of ''Series/PrettyLittleLiars'' in which Spencer goes into hallucination mode uses this setting.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Music]]
* KPop group SECRET's music video for [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TP56DuUpKBE "Poison"]] is in the style of FilmNoir, complete with LadyInRed FemmeFatale.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Pinball]]
* ''[[Pinball/WHODunnit WHO dunnit]]'' (1995)
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Spoofs and Parodies]]
* ''Film/DeadMenDontWearPlaid'' (1982)
* ''Play It Again, Sam'' (1972), a Creator/WoodyAllen film that matches up Allen's "neurotic Jew" character with HumphreyBogart. HilarityEnsues.
* ''Webcomic/ProblemSleuth'', at least setting-wise, plays with the genre and its tropes in part. The bulk of the work is an incredibly silly take on the EasternRPG, but it's decidedly within a FilmNoir framework. And when it does noir, oh, ''[[http://www.topatoco.com/graphics/00000001/mspa-office-print.jpg it does noir]]''.
** In a similar vein, ''Webcomic/{{Homestuck}}'''s Midnight Crew intermission plays with the [[AntiHero darker]] end of the genre's spectrum, [[TimeyWimeyBall just with extra time travel]].
* ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit'' -- underneath the cartoonish action, there is a very straight FilmNoir in there.
* ''Film/KissKissBangBang'', an AffectionateParody with [[spoiler:a [[AvertedTrope surprisingly happy ending]].]]
* The [[AffectionateParody Tracer Bullet]] stories in ''CalvinAndHobbes''.
* ''SamAndMaxFreelancePolice'', especially with the character Flint Paper.
** In ''VideoGame/SamAndMaxFreelancePolice Season 3: Episode 3'', Max gets murdered and Sam has an '[[HeroicBSOD embarrassing noirish rampage]]' that turns the game into a FilmNoir spoof for a while, down to the lighting and the camera angles in the cutscenes. Highlights include Sam demonstrating his edgy true-to-life violence by [[JackBauerInterrogationTechnique slapping people in the face mid sentence]] and having a 'Noir' option during conversations which causes him to [[{{Wangst}} give a largely incoherent metaphorical description about how amoral and miserable he is]].
* Less spoof than reference, but Tyrell Badd of ''VisualNovel/AceAttorneyInvestigations'' is a blatant noir detective down to the stubble, trenchcoat, and tragic past.
** Godot counts as well, from his [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D6KRIMASing slow, sweet, jazzy]] {{leitmotif}} even in it's [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ZxLlirprF0 in-game sound]], to his [[IceCreamKoans coffeenese]] and coffee-oriented metaphors, tragic and mysterious backstory, and his style of dress which looks like a HardBoiledDetective without his trenchcoat. His "worried" animation on first glance makes it look like he's smoking, though the "cigarette" is actually his ring and the smoke is off his mask.
* ''The Black Bird'' is a film spoof of ''Film/TheMalteseFalcon'' without much originality.
* ''Film/RockSlyde'' (2009) is a modern film-noir parody starring Creator/PatrickWarburton as "Rock Slyde", private-eye and former [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot homosexual-pirate musical-pornstar]].
* One of the scenarios in the Artificial Reality machine in Series/RedDwarf is a film noir setting, complete with monochrome, a FemmeFatale, AlCapone-style outfits and a car from the 30s.
* Swiss claymation film "Pas de cercueil pour les pantins" ("No coffin for puppets"). Partly hommage, partly parody, all 4th wall. [[spoiler: At the final shootout, the private-eye-turned-killer crashes into the requisites set and realizes he is a clay figure. Everyone else would have GoneMadFromTheRevelation, but a noir dude can take anything...]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* ''VideoGame/TexMurphy'' (1996)
* ''GrimFandango'' (1998)
* ''The Black Dahlia'' (1998) - correct setting, period clothes and corny dialogue to boot.
* ''VideoGame/DiscworldNoir'' (1999) - ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin
* ''VideoGame/MaxPayne'' (2001) - Also [[Film/MaxPayne a movie]]
** Its sequel even used the tagline "A Film Noir Love Story". Which is somewhat ironic, given that the protagonist is much less cynical jaded in the sequel than in the original.
* ''Deja Vu''
* ''VideoGame/JackOrlando''
* ''Dead Head Fred''
* ''VideoGame/GabrielKnight'' ''Sins of The Fathers'' Combines Noir with horror much the same way as the film ''Film/AngelHeart''.
* The ''VideoGame/{{Thief}}'' series.
* ''HotelDusk'' (2006) and it's sequel, ''VideoGame/LastWindow'' (2010)
* ''HeavyRain'' (2010) Shelby's character is homage to Noir while Jayden is homage to its more modern counterparts.
* The later ''VideoGame/{{Hitman}}'' games start to veer into this territory by virtue of GrowingTheBeard and aiming for a more DarkerAndEdgier feel. Several missions in the third and fourth game (''Contracts'' and ''Blood Money'') have a genuinely noir tone.
* ''LANoire'' (2011) [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin fittingly enough]].
* WadjetEyeGames ''loves'' this genre, with most of their games so far either belonging fully to this genre or using parts of it. These include:
** TheShivah, with a Rabbi who's losing faith in the goodness of God as the protagonist.
** ''VideoGame/EmeraldCityConfidential'' was described by the producer as follows: "Harsh city streets, grey rainy skies, femmes fatales, tough guys, trenchcoats, fedoras and plot twists. It's [[WizardofOz Oz]], seen through the eyes of Raymond Chandler."
** The ''Blackwell'' Series uses some elements of noir (one of the protagonists is a DeadpanSnarker ghost from the 30's).
* ''VideoGame/DeusExHumanRevolution'' wich is {{Cyberpunk}} so Noir is bound to be there.
* VideoGame/DeusEx also heavily borrows from the noir aesthetics and narrative structure. Technically, this is a noir game with government agent and conspirators replacing more common private dick and crooks.
* "Halo3ODST" was developed to evoke a Film Noir atmosphere as a lone soldier investigates an alien-occupied city.
* By virtue of evoking late 80s scifi movies, ''VideoGame/MassEffect2'' evokes this in parts, especially on Omega, Ilium and the Citadel. Thane and Samara's loyalty missions are even investigations with much less action than the rest of the game (oddly enough, both characters are stoic badasses with philosophical sides).
* ''VideoGame/BladeRunner'' (1997) follows the movie with its distinctive noir feeling mixed with s-f settings.
* ''Carte Blanche: For a Fistful of Teeth''. Bonus points for [[DeliberatelyMonochrome black-and-white graphics]].
* ''{{Gunpoint}}'' plays many of the tropes of Film Noir fairly straight despite it's more humorous atmosphere and incredibly snarky protagonist.
* VideoGame/{{Timesplitters 2}} (2002) the Chicago level has this in spades, from the opening monologue to the soundtrack for the level.
* ''VideoGame/TheWitcher'' (2009) and its sequel are very noir, even though they're set in a fantasy world replete with witches and golems. It has corrupt, drunken authorities, the drug trade, a conspiracy, several femme fatales, and a jaded, sarcastic anti-hero who's primarily concerned with his own goals.
* ''VideoGame/TheWolfAmongUs'' is a murder mystery set in 1986 New York, and starring Sheriff Bigby Wolf, a DeadpanSnarker[=/=]HardBoiledDetective type investigating Fairytale characters in a noir setting.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Webcomics]]
* ''Automata'', and it's sequel ''Blood and Oil''; two short stories created by the PennyArcade duo. [[http://penny-arcade.com/archive/results/search&keywords=automata/]]
* A shortlived [[http://studiotriumph.com/talbot/?comic=1 webcomic]] placed LawrenceTalbot into a film noir setting. FridgeBrilliance, as Talbot's whole bag has always been existential angst.
* LivingWithInsanity did this in its [[http://www.livingwithinsanity.com/index/?p=364 most recent arc.]]
* TwoRooks combines crime noir with a dystopian setting.
* [[http://www.sintitulocomic.com/2007/06/17/page-01/ Sin Titulo]] definitely has noir undertones (and it uses color very sparingly).
* IWasKidnappedByLesbianPiratesFromOuterSpace has a [[http://lesbianspacepirates.com/index.php?id=424 bonus story]], originally subscribers only, following a HardboiledDetective who gets hired to find a young woman who went missing from her workplace. [[spoiler: Of course he never finds her, because she's been ... you know.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''WebAnimation/WeekendPussyHunt'', a cartoon parody of the genre made by Creator/JohnKricfalusi during the late 90's, animated in AdobeFlash.
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4tRfL2EUhDo The Deadliest Tag]] and [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GFyxJd6uOQg Deadliest Tag Chapter Two]] on VlogTag.
* Perri Rhoades' web serial ''Literature/{{Spectral Shadows}}'' has a peculiar planet, Cygnus, that's populated by lots of half-human half animal creatures, with each town having an {{Intellectual Property Religion}} (literally -- even if sometimes the religion doesn't correctly match the source material). The town of Noire tries its best to fit this trope, even going so far as to use fossil fuels for vehicles while the rest of the world uses solar power -- because in the gangster movies, they didn't have solar power.
* ''WebVideo/GameGrumps'': Parodied in the [[http://youtu.be/KYBU4G2ERyU "Mycaruba"]] T-shirt ad, complete with Danny as Detective N.S. Grump and Arin as... um... just watch it.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries'' had chiaroscuro lighting, snap-brim hats, a gun moll for SelfDemonstrating/TheJoker, and a number of other ''noir'' traits.
** Also applies to its three [[TheMovie movies]]: ''WesternAnimation/BatmanMaskOfThePhantasm'' especially but also ''WesternAnimation/BatmanAndMisterFreezeSubZero'' and ''WesternAnimation/BatmanMysteryOfTheBatwoman'' (though ''Mystery Of The Batwoman'' is LighterAndSofter, it still retains noir aspects and a BittersweetEnding).
* Parodied in ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'' with BMO Noir.
* Parodied in the 1993 ''WesternAnimation/PinkPanther'' series ("Black and White and Pink All Over").
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Other]]
* The 2007 Hollywood Portfolio of ''Vanity Fair'' magazine set up a faux noir film called [[http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/features/2007/03/filmnoir_portfolio200703#slide=1 "Killers Kill, Dead Men Die"]] to accompany the series of photos taken, complete with casting and set descriptions in the captions.
[[/folder]]
----