The world is full of wonderful things, with countless new discoveries paving the way to whole new scientific fields. A hundred years ago, fields like genetics, quantum physics and computer sciences were either almost unheard of, or simply did not exist yet. Go back a hundred years more, and more scientific disciplines we know today did not exist yet.

ScienceFiction writers have picked up on this, and creating a whole new scientific field has become a common method to show that this is TheFuture. It also helps legitimize their AppliedPhlebotinum (especially if it's a MinovskyPhysics-type one) by telling us that there's a whole scientific field dedicated to it, making it feel more like an ingrained part of the work's setting.

May ''or'' may not be a fictional extension of an already existing RealLife discipline. Compare/Contrast FantasticScience, which is when the new "science" studies/explains the supernatural. Not to be confused with FictionScience.

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!!'''Examples'''

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[[folder: General ]]

* So many sci-fi works across the various media forms have Psionics, the "[[ClarkesThirdLaw scientific]]" study of PsychicPowers, that listing them all would overshadow the rest of the examples.
* Some SpeculativeFiction settings have fictional social sciences such as Asimov's psychohistory, which allow for not only description of social situations but far more accurate way of predicting future human actions or large scale developments in human society than is possible at present.
* Many forms of FasterThanLightTravel will be associated with some sort of supporting field of science, often some sort of variant of SubspaceOrHyperspace in their name.
* Humans who study alien planets and lifeforms will often add the prefix xeno- (from the Greek word "xenos" meaning "outsider", "foreigner" or "stranger") to the name of an existing science, resulting in designations like xenobiology, xenoarcheology, xenolinguistics and so on.

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[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* MobileSuitGundam gives us [[http://gundam.wikia.com/wiki/Gundam_Wiki:Technology#Minovsky_Physics Minovsky Physics]], a branch of (particle) physics dedicated to the [[TropeNamer eponymous]] MinovskyParticle.
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'' has a passing reference or two to [[http://wiki.evageeks.org/Metaphysical_Biology Metaphysical Biology]], which is implied (both from in-universe clues and from the name) to be the "[[OurSoulsAreDifferent science of souls]]". We never get a proper explanation of ''what exactly it is about'', though.

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[[folder: Comics ]]

* In the MarvelComics ''ComicBook/CivilWar'' series, [[ComicBook/FantasticFour Reed Richards]] helps IronMan with the Superhuman Registration Act because he'd calculated the future of society by Psychohistory. In one issue, he explicitly stated that he'd been fascinated by Asimov's description about the discipline as a child, and as a result, had actually [[{{Defictionalization}} defictionalized]] it in-universe. He and Johnny even went and brought the Thinker to his HQ and showed him his equations, as aside from Reed he was probably the only one who could understand them.

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[[folder: Literature ]]

* Creator/IsaacAsimov has several of these:
** Psychohistory, developed by Hari Seldon, in the ''{{Foundation}}'' series.
** Robopsychology, in his robot stories, which Susan Calvin pretty much invented herself.
** Robotics itself. Since Asimov's stories predated the development of robotics as a science, when he had characters in his stories as scientists working with robots, he used the word "Robotics" to describe it thinking the word already existed. It was in fact the first publicized use of the word, and Asimov is credited with its creation. Psychohistory is another word Asimov invented that is now a real scientific term, although its use in psychology is different to that in his stories.
* From the ''AnitaBlake'' series Preternatural Biology, the study of preternatural (magic/paranormal) creatures, like dragons, yeti, vampires, what have you. It's actually portrayed fairly realistically (for instance dragons aren't magic exactly and don't breathe fire, they are giant lizards, many of them hunted to extinction, and trolls are a kind of primate closely related to humans).
* GordonRDickson's ''ChildeCycle'' - The Exoctics have a social science called ontogenetics that allow them to percieve patterns in human history and to a certain degree predict which individuals and events will be key points in the evolution of humans to a higher state of being. While the exact details are intentionally left vague, it is said to involve calculations that take into account every person in all the world, as well as how institutions and societies shape the pattern of history and human evoltion. One component of the science is the idea that certain individuals have an unusually large impact on the pattern of history. GordonRDickson often uses this as something of an {{lampshade}} and [[JustifiedTrope in-universe justification]] for the fact that his MainCharacters (some arguably rising to the level of TheChosenOne) all play a major role in the movement of the MythArc toward his planned final ending, which sadly was never revealed in full because of AuthorExistenceFailure.
* Literature/HarryPotter has Herbology and Magizoology, the magical equivalents of botany and zoology.
* Stanislaw Lem's novel ''Literature/{{Solaris}}'' has "solaristics", the study of the titular planet.
* Parts of the ''Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse'' have Sith alchemy, slower and more scientific than the other things Sith learned - there's not usually the same emphasis on patience and repeated trials - and something that only Force-Sensitives could get much out of. Sith could study and apply this to create metals that lightsabers couldn't burn through, and twist animals and people into monsters.

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[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* ''Franchise/StarTrek'' has [[FasterThanLightTravel Warp Theory]], [[TimeTravel Temporal Mechanics]], Exoarchaeology ("Exo-" as in "Exoterrestrial"), Exobiology, Exogenetics, and Exochemistry.
* The Franchise/StargateVerse has [[OurWormholesAreDifferent Wormhole Physics]].
* As does {{Series/Farscape}}.

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[[folder: Tabletop RPG ]]

* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' has Parazoology and Parabotany, the scientific study of Awakened (magical) animals and plants, respectively.

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[[folder: Webcomics ]]

* The webcomic ''{{Artifice}}'' features a robopsychologist.
* ''Webcomic/RankAmateur'''s TokenHuman is Dimensional Physicist Hannah Teal. The field mostly involves [[FasterThanLightTravel hyperdrives]], although the Dimension Cannon - a powerful ultraweapon capable of destroying time itself - is also based on this.
* ''{{Webcomic/Comc}}'': Asafeiology. Explained partially in TheRant of the [[https://sites.google.com/site/comccomic/archive/comcnewyearsspecial2014 2014 New Year's special.]]
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