[[quoteright:300:[[LookAroundYou http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/_Non-Alphabetical_Dictionary.PNG]]]]
->'''Kryten:''' Sir, the Space Corps Directives are there to protect us. They are not a set of vindictive pronouncements directed against any one person.\\
'''Rimmer:''' Has anyone ever ''seen'' this legendary Space Corps Directive Manual?\\
'''Lister:''' Well... no.\\
'''Rimmer:''' He's making it up, isn't he? The bloody book doesn't exist!
-->-- ''Series/RedDwarf'', "Quarantine"

All the books, magazines, and newspapers that exist only within a fictional world, from the [[CthulhuMythos Necronomicon]] to the mysteries of [[MurderSheWrote Jessica Fletcher]]. They are more common in SpeculativeFiction, but not restricted to it.

They serve two main narrative purposes: verisimilitude and {{exposition}}. Jessica is supposed to be an author; it would be bizarre if no trace of the books she writes existed. Reading the Necronomicon may [[GoMadFromTheRevelation frighten the protagonist half to death]], but it also gives the reader an idea of the {{backstory}}.

Fictional documents are also used to [[LampshadeHanging comment]] [[ConversationalTroping on]] literary tropes, and as aids to characterisation. Characters comparing their own predicament with their favourite book can get very sarcastic about [[ThisIsReality how unrealistic]] it was, while few things so embarrass the ActionGirl as having her little brother read aloud a few choice passages from her favourite [[RomanceNovel romance]]. Sometimes, however, you may just have to TakeOurWordForIt.

Common types of fictional document include:
[[index]]
* ApocalypticLog
* BigBookOfWar
* EncyclopediaExposita
* [[SacredScripture Fictional Sacred Book]]
* GreatBigBookOfEverything
* InGameNovel
* RecursiveCanon
* TomeOfEldritchLore
[[/index]]

If your story is made entirely of Fictional Documents, it's a ScrapbookStory (so please list it there rather than here); if the {{paratext}} quotes from these, it's quoting the EncyclopediaExposita. And if the story ''itself'' appears in the story, it's RecursiveCanon. If it merely claims to have been written by a character within the setting, it probably falls under the LiteraryAgentHypothesis. In a VideoGames, they are almost always used as FlavorText.

Occasionally prone to {{Defictionalization}}.

----
!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''Manga/{{Chobits}}'' features a picture book which corresponds to the main character so completely that it becomes of little wonder when it's revealed that [[spoiler: it was written specifically for her.]]
* Near the end of the ''ChronoCrusade'' manga, there's quotations from both Mary Magdalene's prophecies, and Azmaria's memoir. It's implied that at least some of the manga is "based on" the book Azmaria wrote.
* ''DNAngel'' has a plotline focused around the fictional fairytale ''Ice and Snow''--which turns out to be the edited, abridged version of the original tale, ''Ice and Dark''.
* The villain of ''Anime/{{Monster}}'' bases his identity on a [[MindRape brainwashing]] children's book. The story, along with several others, is reproduced in the series with full text and illustrations.
* Much of ''Anime/PrincessTutu'''s plot revolves around the fictional fairytale ''The Prince and the Raven''.
* A major chunk of the plot of ''WhisperOfTheHeart'' revolves around the main character struggling to write her first novel - [[TheCatReturns which was later]] [[{{Defictionalization}} Defictionalized]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* ''Under the Hood'', Hollis Mason's autobiography, and a ''Tales From the Black Freighter'' comic in ''Comicbook/{{Watchmen}}.''
** Also parts of Dr. Manhattan's back story.
** Hell, pretty much all of the 11 backup features in Watchmen count:
-->'''Chapter 1, 2 and 3:''' Chapters 1 through 5 of ''Under the Hood'', written by Hollis Mason (Nite Owl I), discussing the story of the earlier crimefighters.
-->'''Chapter 4:''' ''Dr. Manhattan: Super-Powers and the Superpowers'' by Dr. Milton Glass, discussing Manhattan's role in shaping the world of Watchmen.
-->'''Chapter 5:''' ''A Man on Fifteen Dead Man's Chests'', a history on ''Tales From the Black Freighter'' from ''Treasure Island Treasury of Comics''.
-->'''Chapter 6:''' A variety of documents chronicling Rorschach's personal history, sources including the New York Police Department, the Charlton Home and the New York State Psychiatric Hospital.
-->'''Chapter 7:''' ''Blood From the Shoulder of Pallas'', an essay written by Dan Dreiberg (Nite Owl II)
-->'''Chapter 8:''' ''The New Frontiersman Issue IVII No. 21'', discussing the vigilantes from a Right-Wing perspective.
-->'''Chapter 9:''' A variety of news clippings chronicling Sally Jupiter's career.
-->'''Chapter 10:''' Various memos from the desk of Adrian Veidt.
-->'''Chapter 11:''' ''After the Masquerade: Superstyle and the art of humanoid watching'', an interview with Adrian Veidt from 1975.
* Similar to the ''Watchmen'' example, there's also Alan Moore's ''The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen: Black Dossier'', in which the titular Black Dossier is a Fictional Document, containing excerpts from other Fictional Documents: Oliver Haddo (of ''The Magician'')'s "On the Descent of the Gods"; British comic strip ''Trump'''s "Life of Orlando"; a lost Shakespeare play entitled ''Faerie's Fortunes Founded''; a sequel to ''Fanny Hill''; a Jeeves and Wooster story detailing an encounter with a Great Old One; and a novel, ''The Crazy Wide Forever'', by Kerouac's alter ego Sal Paradyse, as well as a pornsec booklet as produced by the Minitrue of Literature/NineteenEightyFour. Earlier volumes also included an Allan Quatermain short story, a traveler's almanac, and various fictional Victorian advertisements, posters, postcards, &c. as AllThereInTheManual-type extra features.
* In ''ComicBook/TheSandman'', Dream's castle includes a library of books that were never written.
* [[TheDCU The DC Universe]] features "true crime" comics of Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, etc.'s adventures, presumably taken from media accounts, etc.; one late 60s Batman story made use of this as its plot (Batman forced to confront the writer of his world's "Batman" comic).
* {{Superman}} of course features the great metropolitan newspaper ''The Daily Planet.''
** As does LoisLane, who also had a novel published.
* ''Comicbook/CaptainCarrotAndHisAmazingZooCrew'' features fictional Earth-C versions of some DC Comics characters. Captain Carrot in his alter ego works as a writer/artist for his world's DC Comics, writing stories about "Super-Squirrel", "Wonder Wabbit", "the Batmouse", and the "Just'a Lotta Animals" (though the Zoo Crew later discovered that their "fictional" comics characters were actually real, on the parallel world of Earth-C-Minus).
* Marvel examples:
** The New York-based daily newspaper, ''[[{{Spider-Man}} The Daily Bugle]]''. J. Jonah Jameson also used to publish ''Now'' and ''Woman'' magazine. The latter was edited for a time by Carol Danvers aka Ms. Marvel.
** The Darkhold, which among other things contains the Montesi Formula, which destroys vampires.
*** Dr. Strange's friend Morgana Blessing has published books about the occult.
** [[ComicBook/{{X-Men}} Destiny's diaries]], which contain(ed) many visions of the future.
*** Pyro, her teammate in the Brotherhood/Freedom Force is a best-selling novelist.
** Marvel Comics, which in the Marvel Universe for the most part are licensed by the heroes depicted in them. For a time, [[CaptainAmerica Steve Rogers]] was put in charge of drawing the Captain America comicbook.
** Peter Parker put out ''Webs'', a coffee-table book of photographs of Spider-Man.
** Marvel Comics in the Marve Universe are more or less accurate re-tellings of character's adventures with names changed to protect secret identities. In SheHulk, it is explained that the comics code is in charge of making sure they are factually accurate and "approving" comics that can be used as legal accounts of events.
* In ''Comicbook/{{Empowered}}'' mention is made of a lot of slash fan-fiction especially involving the male Superhomeys. Some of the latter was written by Emp herself using a pseudonym.
* [[DonaldDuck The Junior Woodchucks' Guidebook]], the most stupendous and comprehensive guide to everything.
* The tourist guide ''Syldavia, Land of the Black Pelican'', a few pages of which are reprinted in ''[[{{Tintin}} King Ottokar's Sceptre]]''. And by extension the 14th and 15th-century manuscripts from which some of its illustrations were taken.
** The manuscript "Journal of Sir Francis Haddocke, Captain in the King's Navy, Commander of the vessel Vnicorn" from ''The Secret of the Unicorn''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Fanfiction]]
* ''Fanfic/KyonBigDamnHero'' opens every chapter with an excerpt from one of these, whether a guide to being a hero, poetry, or some sort of diary.
* [[Fanfic/{{Exoria}} The Exoria Files.]]
* In the ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' fan fiction "[[FanFic/ElementalChessTrilogy The Game of Three Generals]]," after it's announced that his wife is pregnant, Roy Mustang is gifted with an expectant father's advice book called ''Look What You Did to Me.''
* In FanFic/AGrowingAffection, Naruto's maternal grandfather was a prolific writer, and implied to be the reason Naruto was able to ghost write for Jiraiya. Hinata is a fan of his fantasy trilogy ''The Kunoichi and the Priest.''
* Chapter 7 of '"Fanfic/MuvLuvComet'' opens with several articles discussing the future acquisition plans of the US Space Force.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* ''Film/MirrorMask'' has "The Really Useful Book" and "A Complete History of Everything"
* In the original novel ''Frankenstein'', the actual method of bringing [[FrankensteinsMonster the Monster]] back to life is never detailed. In the Creator/MelBrooks film ''YoungFrankenstein'', this fact is parodied by the discovery of a book by Frankenstein entitled simply ''How I Did It''.
** This is sort of HilariousInHindsight today after O.J. Simpson wrote a similarly titled book about how he murdered his wife (hypothetically, [[SarcasmMode of course]]).
* How could anyone forget the great Depression Era novel ''O Brother Where Art Thou'' by Sinclair Beckstein, as cited by director John Sullivan in the 1941 ''Sullivan'sTravels''?
** No real details about the book are ever given, but the Coen brother's 2000 film of the same name fits the supposed saga nicely in plot and details.
* In ''FindingForrester'', SeanConnery's eponymous character's reputation is entirely based on his only novel, ''Flying to Avalon''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* ''Literature/ASeriesOfUnfortunateEvents'': Snicket's letters at the end of each book, leading his editor to the manuscript of the following book and several props borrowed from it; also, numerous diaries and newspapers are quoted within the narrative, while the supplementary books are each a full-blown ScrapbookStory.
* Creator/DanielHandler also uses this trope in his books written as Daniel Handler. In Adverbs, there is Helena's novel Glee Club. In ''Literature/WhyWeBrokeUp'', there is an imaginary book of recipes for food from the movies called ''Real Recipes from Tinseltown''.
* When medieval poet Wolfram von Eschenbach wrote ''Parzival'', a German retelling and continuation of Creator/ChretienDeTroyes' ''Perceval'', he answered criticism of discrepancies between his version and Chrétien's earlier ones by claiming he was being faithful to the original account by one "Kyot the Provencal", whom he alleged to have been Chrétien's source as well.
* Creator/JRRTolkien's Middle-earth legendarium (''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'', etc) has lots of fictional pieces of literature, both in prose and poetry, and also historic and scientific texts. Most well known is for obvious reasons the ''Red Book of Westmarch'', which contains Bilbo and Frodo's ''The Downfall of the Lord of the Rings and the Return of the King''.
** ''The Book of Mazarbul'', the record of Balin's [[ApocalypticLog doomed]] Moria colony in ''The Lord of the Rings''
* ''The Encylopedia Galactica'', Creator/IsaacAsimov's ''{{Foundation}}'' series.
* ''The Grasshopper Lies Heavy'', P. K. Dick's ''Literature/TheManInTheHighCastle''
* ''Franchise/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy'' in all of its incarnations.
* Creator/StephenKing occasionally has characters in one book reading a book written by a writer who was a character in another book, such as Rose (''Literature/RoseMadder'') reading Paul Sheldon (''Literature/{{Misery}}''), or Jo (''Literature/BagOfBones'') reading William Denbrough (''Literature/{{IT}}''), or Darla (''Literature/LiseysStory'') listening to an audio book by Michael Noonan (''Literature/BagOfBones'') or Fran (''Literature/TheStand'') reading a book by Bobbi Anderson (''Literature/TheTommyknockers'') to someone. In ''The Tommyknockers'', Bobbi's neighbors compare her favorably to "that other writer" from Maine, who writes the stories with all the monsters and cursing (King himself).
* Speaking of Stephen King, a large percentage of ''Literature/{{Carrie}}'' is excerpts from books, magazine articles, or investigative reports relating to various characters and events.
** King does it again in ''Literature/TheRegulators'' (under pen name Richard Bachman), interspersing narrative with newspaper clippings, letters, diary excerpts, etc.
*** ''Literature/TheDarkHalf''' features excerpts from novels written by the characters Thad Beaumont and [[EvilTwin George Stark]]
* Creator/KatherineKurtz has a few of these:
** Camber is seen working on an ancient scroll in his research on Orin and his student Jodotha; Camber has a scholarly bent which he indulges in retirement.
** In the short story "Legacy" Prince Wencit Furstán is reading one of Ariella's letters to her brother and lover Imre; a key paragraph is part of the text of the story.
** In ''The King's Justice'', Rothana reads some of Orin's poetry aloud to Richenda in the ladies solar. Jehana overhears and enjoys them until she's told the author was Deryni.
** Jehana later finds a copy of ''Annales Queroni'', an autobiographical treatise on Deryni Healing by the tenth-century Dom Queron Kinevan, in Kelson's arcane library annex. She's reading it when she discovers she isn't alone in the library: Barrett is reading a work by Kitron, and he refers Kitron's ''Principia Magica'', as well as authors Jokal and Sulien.
* ''The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism'', George Orwell's ''Literature/NineteenEightyFour''.
* Creator/JorgeLuisBorges LOVED this trope. The biggest example is the collection of short stories called ''El jardín de senderos que se bifurcan'', where all the stories were are fictional books.
* Creator/DavidEddings ''loves'' these. The prologues of nearly all his books take the form of a fictional document detailing what has gone on before.
** Some that specifically deserve to be called out from Literature/TheBelgariad: ''The Mrin Codex'' and the ''Darine Codex'' are the collected ravings of two madmen inspired by the prophesy of light. ''The Ashabine Oracles'' are writings by [[BigBad Torak]] under the influence of the prophecy of dark.
* Juliet [=McKenna=] likes them even more; she [[EncyclopediaExposita prefaces nearly every chapter]] with a fictional document. Some of them are only [[CowTools tangentially relevant]].
* ''Literature/ThePrincessBride'' is a real novel written as if it were the annotated '[[AdaptationDistillation just the good bits]]' version of an even longer novel about the history and culture of the fictional nation Florin.
* In ''Der Schimmelreiter'' (''The Rider on the White Horse'') by the 19th-century German writer Theodor Storm, the narrator claims to be piecing together from memory a novella he read as a youngster.
* The titular document in ''[[Literature/TheStormlightArchive The Way of Kings]]'' is a philosophical text on how a king should behave.
* Craig Thomas has used this at least twice in his novels, such as ''Wolfsbane'' and ''Literature/{{Firefox}}''.
* ''The Book of Night with Moon'' from Diane Duane's Literature/YoungWizards series.
* The excerpts from Princess Irulan's various scholarly works (and other people's, for that matter) that [[EncyclopediaExposita appear as chapter headers]] throughout the ''Literature/{{Dune}}'' novels.
** There's also ''The Orange Catholic Bible'' that Yueh gives Paul.
* ''Mr. Bunnsy has an Adventure'', a Beatrix Potter pastiche from Terry Pratchett's ''Discworld/TheAmazingMauriceAndHisEducatedRodents''
** Pratchett is very fond of this trope; other examples from Literature/{{Discworld}} include ''The Necrotelicomnicon'' aka ''Liber Paginarum Fulvarum'' (a TomeOfEldritchLore), ''The Joy of Tantric Sex with Illustrations for the Advanced Student, by A. Lady'', ''The Book of Going Forth Around Elevenish'', ''The Little Folks' Book of Flower Fairies'', ''The Bumper Fun Grimoire'', ''How to Dynamically Manage People for Dynamic Results in a Caring Empowering Way in Quite a Short Time Dynamically'', ''Wellcome to Ankh-Morporke, Citie of One Thousand Surprises'', and many more, usually parodic versions of real books. The ''[[UniverseCompendium Discworld Companion]]'' includes a full list.
*** Several have been [[{{Defictionalization}} Defictionalised]] for merchandising purposes, including ''Where's My Cow?'' (a children's book) and ''Nanny Ogg's Cookbook'' (a follow-up to her in-universe book ''The Joye of Snackes'').
** Some of the books even become important plot devices, like ''[[Discworld/GuardsGuards The Summoning of Dragons]]'' (slightly foxed and heavily dragoned), ''[[Discworld/InterestingTimes What I Did on My Holidays]]'', and [[Discworld/TheTruth the first newspaper in Ankh-Morpork]].
** ''[[Literature/GoodOmens Good Omens: The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch]]'' contained both ''The Nice and Accurate Prophecies of Agnes Nutter, Witch'' (obviously) and [[spoiler: that book's sequel]]
* About half of each the books in ''Literature/ThePendragonAdventure'' is journals from Bobby Pendragon himself, detailing his stays and attempts to save the Territories.
* Extracts from Literature/ThursdayNext's autobiography are scattered throughout the series. Extracts from others characters' jottings/memoirs also feature prominently.
* In Ayn Rand's ''Literature/AtlasShrugged'', one of the so-called intelligentsia writes an article titled "The Octopus" which slams Henry Rearden. Then there's "Why Do You Think You Think?", "The Heart is a Milkman", "The Vulture is Molting", and even a "The Future" magazine. Then there's the laws and regulations and plans, including the "Anti-Dog Eat Dog Rule" to the "Equalization of Opportunity" bill to the "Railroad Unification Plan" to the "Steel Unification Plan". There are even audio versions, with Richard Halley's works and its bastardizations.
* The novels and short stories of Kilgore Trout, a failed science fiction author who's a recurring character in several of Kurt Vonnegut's novels. His 117 novels and 2000 short stories were published by a disreputable porn company and used as filler material for trashy erotic magazines though, so only a handful of other characters have ever heard of Kilgore Trout. His novel ''Venus On The Half Shell'' ended up making the transition [[{{Defictionalization}} from fictional document to real book]] when sf writer Philip José Farmer wrote and published it under the name Kilgore Trout (Vonnegut was apparently not amused, and the byline in later editions was Farmer's own name).
* ''Literature/HarryPotter'' has stacks of these, from trading cards to school textbooks to government pamphlets to wizarding comic books.
** Not to mention JKR's predilection for [[{{Defictionalization}} turning some of them into published works]] (''Literature/FantasticBeastsAndWhereToFindThem'', ''Literature/QuidditchThroughTheAges'', ''Literature/TheTalesOfBeedleTheBard'').
* SpeculativeFiction author Creator/BruceSterling's short story "Our Neural Chernobyl" was written as a ''review'' of a fictional monograph (a non-fiction book on a specific real-world topic) about the "neural Chernobyl," which described the development, release, and consequences of a retrovirus that caused massive growth in brain complexity in almost all mammals, something catastrophic for humans as the process makes humans massively intelligent, but effectively burns out the brain after a while. The story even touches on the book's exploration of the controversial topic of non-human uplifting from the virus, where many animals became much more intelligent, to the point cats developed torture devices to use on mice.
* ''Literature/TheKingInYellow'', a fictional play script from the book of short stories of the same name.
** [[{{Defictionalization}} The version written by Thom Ryng]] is actually quite good, though it fails to drive its readers or players insane.
* Used extensively in Creator/JackVance's ''Literature/TheDemonPrinces'' series. A lot of the chapters, in fact, start with more or less related quotes from various invented works. Titles mentioned include the many-volumed "Life" by Baron Bodissey or the "Scroll from the Ninth Dimension". Also quite prominent in the story is a fictional magazine named "Cosmopolis".
* In particular, the film ''The Navidson Record'' from ''Literature/HouseOfLeaves'' doesn't actually exist, and the protagonist tells you this in the book's introduction. Meanwhile, the meat of ''[[color:blue:House]] of Leaves'' is an [[EverybodyIsJesusInPurgatory academic analysis]]/summary of said film. A few of the people and books referred to in the analysis's footnotes are real; the vast, vast majority of them are completely made up.
* The French sci-fi writer Bernard Werber frequently uses this device. The ''Ants'' trilogy has fragments from his fictional character Edmond Wells's ''Encyclopedia of Relative and Absolute Knowledge'', which was later published in paperback form under Werber's name (rather disappointingly, it mostly intersperse the bits already quoted from it and include little, if any new material). This last detail is egregious since Wells explains in his atypical encyclopedia that he thinks he is turning schizophrenic and the paperback makes it sound as if it were Werber's voice (moreover, Edmond actually dies just before the beginning of the first novel and only appears through flashbacks and the ''Encyclopedia'', and he's a bit of a MadScientist at that). Also, the ''Thanatonautes'' series has fragments from a character's collection of world myths and legends concerning life after death. [[{{Postmodernism}} Yes, you know what it means]].
* Everything published by Whateley Press in the Literature/WhateleyUniverse, including "Introduction to the Modern Theory of Mutant Powers, a Whateley Press textbook" by Filbert R. Z. Quintain, M.S., Ph.D., F.A.A.S.
* Used from time to time in ''Literature/SwordOfTruth'', mostly in the form of books of prophecy. Being prophesies, they are then [[ScrewDestiny promptly ignored]].
* The ''Literature/BooksOfPellinor'' are all written as if they are histories of the fictional land the books are based in. The back of the book even includes annotations, a bibliography, family trees and various other fictitious documents.
* ''The Book of Ultimate Truths'' is about a search for the missing chapters of a book called ''The Book of Ultimate Truths'', a book about the secrets of the world.
* ''Literature/TheBookOfAllHours'' in Hal Duncan's duology of the same name.
* And of course the aforementioned ''Necronomicon'', spawned in the [[Creator/HPLovecraft Lovecraft]] [[CthulhuMythos horrorverse]] but since widely exported to other canons and other media.
** Now subverted as an actual Necronomicon has been published.
** In fact, ''many'' different Necronomicons have been published over the years. Their quality... varies. Some are merely collections of Mythos stories. Others run the gamut from psudeophilosophical ramblings to attempts at a "genuine" version of the Mad Arab's writings.
** The OtherWiki has a rather extensive list of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cthulhu_Mythos_arcane_literature Cthulhu Mythos arcane literature]], most of which falls under this trope. ''The Book of Eibon'', ''Unaussprechlichen Kulten'', and ''De Vermis Mysteriis'' are mentioned nearly as often as ''The Necronomicon''.
* Much of Karel Čapek's ''Literature/WarWithTheNewts'' consists of fictional newspaper excerpts commenting on the situation with the Newts (and, eventually, the eponymous war).
* This trope appears as a central theme in the book ''Literature/TheDiamondAge'' by Creator/NealStephenson. In it, the protagonist girl is given a very high tech teaching book by the name of "The Young Ladies' Illustrated Primer," which also appears as a subtitle of the book. It's not so much a fictional ''document'' as a fictional ''nanotechnological superweapon'', but most of the time it looks and acts like a book.
* Several of the Warhammer 40000: Horus Heresy books have characters talk about an epic called The Chronicles of Ursh. They never go into more detail about it.
* In the Literature/CiaphasCain novels, [[LiteraryAgentHypothesis Amberley Vail]] uses extracts from other sources to fill in the blanks left by Cain's self-centered account. These include the PurpleProse-filled memoirs of a future general in his unit, histories of varying accuracy, travel guides, and even a children's book about promethium.
* ''Sex Is My Adventure'', Josella Playton's undeservedly-infamous novel in ''Literature/TheDayOfTheTriffids''.
* Italo Calvino's ''Literature/IfOnAWintersNightATraveler'' has excerpts from ten wildly different fictional novels, though the [[AudienceSurrogate Reader]] can never get past the first chapter of each.
* The Others from the ''Literature/NightWatch'' series have effected The Great Treaty between Light and Darkness (hereinafter referred to as The Treaty) that restricted the century-old bloodshed between the Light Ones and the Dark Ones, regularized the relations between the two factions and stipulated formation and functioning of the Watches.
* Garth Nix's ''Literature/KeysToTheKingdom'' has ''The Compleat Atlas'', which is a magic book that will tell you anything about the House.
* Many of the page quotes in Creator/DeanKoontz novels are from ''The Book of Counted Sorrows'', though this eventually became TheRedStapler.
* [[Literature/SherlockHolmes "Being a Reprint from the Reminiscences of John H. Watson, M.D. , Late of the Army Medical Department"]]
** Also Sherlock Holmes's treatise on the different types of cigar(ette) ash.
** The Baker Street museum in London has a number of books lying about that were purportedly written by Holmes, Watson, and Moriarty. One of Holmes' texts is a book about [[MythologyGag bees]].
* The book ''The Hive Queen and the Hegemon'' is one of the most influential in the society of the ''Literature/EndersGame'' Series.
* ''Literature/{{Inkheart}}'' is the most important plot device within its eponymous frame story.
* Most of the books on the pig-related shelf in the library of Literature/BlandingsCastle, including most notably Lord Emsworth's favourite, Whiffles On the Care of the Pig. (The title is given with variations in different novels, in ''Galahad at Blandings'' the author is called Augustus Whipple).
** Other Creator/PGWodehouse examples: the [[UptownGirl inter-class]] [[RomanceNovel romance novels]] of Rosie M. Banks (examples include ''A Red, Red Summer Rose'', ''Only a Factory Girl'', ''The Woman Who Braved All'', ''The Courtship of Lord Strathmorlick'', ''Madcap Myrtle'', and ''Mervyn Keen, Clubman'') and various detective novels read by the protagonists (which generally have overblown titles like ''A Trail of Blood'').
* In the ''Literature/StarTrekVoyagerRelaunch'', the Royal Protocol document, bane of Starfleet Officers everywhere. A complete list of dos and don'ts for interacting with alien royals, it's a necessity if diplomatic incidents are to be avoided. It's mind-numbing in its detail, full of little rules along the lines of "when greeting the King, touch your head to the ground three times and then wave your left hand. Oh, and under no circumstances wear purple". An important plot point arises when it's realized "Royal Protocol" has a very different meaning to the Borg.
* ''Literature/TheFaultInOurStars'' features ''An Imperial Affliction'' as well as ''The Price of Dawn'' and the following sequels.
** The epigraph of ''TheFaultInOurStars'' is from ''An Imperial Afflicton'', as a reference to ''Literature/TheGreatGatsby'', whose epigraph is also from another fictional book.
* ''Death in the Slave Pits of Lorrd, or How I Spent My Inter-Term Break'', an essay [[DirectLineToTheAuthor supposedly written by]] Tash Arranda of ''Literature/GalaxyOfFear'', cites several in-universe documents.
* Creator/JohnMoore's ''Literature/HeroicsForBeginners'' has ''The Handbook of Practical Heroics'', which is exactly what it sounds like: a self-help book for wanna-be heroes.
* Lawrence Block's ''The Burglar Who Liked to Quote Kipling'' revolves around ''The Deliverance of Fort Bucklow'', the spectacularly awful result of {{Rudyard Kipling}}'s descent into FilibusterFreefall.
* Lisa Goldstein is fond of this trope. In ''Walking the Labyrinth'', there is Emily Wether's diary, Callan's diary, Lady Westingate's pamphlet and Andrew Dodd's review. In ''Dark Cities Underground'', there is a fictional children's series called the Jeremy Books. In ''The Uncertain Places'', there is a fictional Brother's Grimm fairy tale as well as excerpts from a police interview from the 1920's.
* ''Mr. Penumbra's 24 Hour Bookstore'' has several examples, including The Dragonsong Trilogy (which turns out to be a plot device).
* In Walter Moers's ''Literature/TheThirteenAndAHalfLivesOfCaptainBluebear‎'' there is ''[[EncyclopediaExposita The Enclopedia of Marvels, Life Forms and Other Phenomena of Zamonia and its Environs]]''. There are also many imaginary books and plays including ''The Voltigork's Vibrobass'', an experimental drama which lasted 240 hours and had a literal cast of thousands by Wilfred the Wordsmith and the bestseller ''How Dank Was My Valley'' by Psittachus Rumplestilt.
* Walter Moers's ''Literature/TheCityOfDreamingBooks'' is chock full of fictional documents from ''Thanks But No Thanks'' by [[AlliterativeName Goliath Ghork]] to ''Silence of the Sirens'' by Count Klanthu of Kinomaz.
* The ''Literature/{{Noob}}'' novels feature a couple of magazine articles related to ''[[FictionalVideoGame Horizon]]''.
* Robert Sobel's ''Literature/ForWantOfANail'' is a counterfactual history of the North American continent following a failed American Revolution which includes a frequently referenced bibliography with dozens of fictional academic books.
* ''Literature/{{Julian}}'' works on the theory that Julian The Apostate, in the last months of his life, partially dictated his memoirs while campaigning in Persia.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* ''Series/{{Bones}}'' makes frequent reference to the novels that Brennan has written, and one episode includes a series of murders that imitate those in one of her books. (In a playfully meta note, the books have the same title scheme as the Kathy Reichs novels that the series is based on, and "Kathy Reichs" is the name of Brennan's fictional forensic anthropologist.)
* ''Blush'', the fashion magazine whose offices are the setting for ''JustShootMe''.
* The Chronicle, the tabloid from the show of the same name.
* The fat sci-fi paperback ''Creator/StephenColbert's Alpha Squad 7: Lady Nocturne: A [[ParodySue Tek Jansen]] Adventure'' is, inexplicably, not popular with publishers. Colbert eventually decided to self-publish in the form of comic books and animated shorts, both of which ''do'' exist in RealLife.
* Agent [=McGee=]'s novels in ''Series/{{NCIS}}''. In one episode, characters from his book are being killed--a book that hasn't even been published.
* Jake Sisko's novel ''Anslem'' in ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine''. Particularly important to the frame story of "The Visitor."
** Also, the Ferengi "Rules of Acquisition", which is considered to be the most important book in the entire Ferengi culture.
* ''Series/CriminalMinds'' has several:
** David Rossi is the author of several books on criminal psychology; an [=UnSub=] quotes from them in an interrogation scene in "Masterpiece."
** A new book on the Keystone Killer induces the unsub to resume his murderous ways in "Unfinished Business."
** A reporter who wrote a book on the Boston Reaper is a character in "Omnivore."
** Professor Ursula Kent's SF novel in "Empty Planet."
** Johnny [=McHale's=] comic book ''Blue'' in "True Night."
* The Space Corps Directive of ''Series/RedDwarf'', dedicated to listing every possible rule of the [[GovernmentAgencyOfFiction Space Corps]] in extreme detail. [[KnowNothingKnowItAll Rimmer]] frequently attempts to justify himself by quoting random rule numbers from it, only for [[MrExposition Kryten]] to recite the (entirely irrelevant) actual rule. Shortly after the above quote, Holly beams a hologramattic copy of the Space Corp Directives into Rimmer's hands, proving it does exist. It's much thinner than you might think; the rules are apparently in small type.
* In an episode of ''Series/CornerGas'', at the end Brent does an "if you want to find out more, visit your local Library!" segment with the books featured in the episode. One of them he mentions is something "the prop guy made up" but is "a good read".
* The Bro Code, which Barney quotes on various occasions in one episode of ''Series/HowIMetYourMother''. Barney claims it was written by his ancestor Barnabas Stinson on the back of the U.S. Constitution. It is heavily implied that Barney just made it all up, making this a ''fictional'' fictional document.
** Subverted now since [[{{Defictionalization}} the Bro Code is now an official book]]. Also, "quotes" from the Bro Code appear in the closing credits of each episode, not all of which appeared in actual dialogue.
* Richard Castle's MANY novels in ''Series/{{Castle}}''.
** Well, the Derek Storm novels at least. ''Heat Wave'' is [[{{Defictionalization}} Defictionalized]]. And even then there are real comic book adaptations of the (still-fictional) Derek Storm novels.
* On ''Series/{{Lost}}'', Sawyer reads a fictional manuscript for a novel called "Bad Twin" that was later Defictionalized.
** Between season 5 and 6, a fictional documentary TV episode on the DHARMA Initiative has been released.
* The horror novels of [[Series/GarthMarenghisDarkplace Garth Marenghi]]. Garth reads out passages at the start of episodes and [[ProductPlacement has Dagless read one of them]] to keep his mind occupied.
* ''Series/TheXFiles'' episode "Jose Chung's ''From Outer Space''" has the book ''From Outer Space'' being written by Jose Chung. It's supposed to be a non-fiction science fiction about an alien abduction case.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Print Media]]
* ''CalvinAndHobbes'' has ''Hamster Huey and the Gooey Kablooey'', as well as ''Chewing'', a hobby magazine about chewing gum. (''Commander Coriander Salamander And 'Er Singlehander Bellyander'', the sequel to ''Hamster Huey'', is mentioned once.)
* ''{{Peanuts}}'' made reference to a whole series of books starring ''The Six Bunny-Wunnies'' on various adventures, authored by one Helen Sweetstory. Over a dozen titles were given, each usually mentioned only once, but ''The Six Bunny-Wunnies Freak Out'' is the most widely remembered for having been banned by the local school board and subsequently championed by Linus.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''MagicTheGathering'' has numerous fictional documents that are quoted in cards' flavor text and in some of the novels and comics. Some of the notable ones include ''The Antiquities War'', an epic poem about the Brothers' War that the comics and novel are [[LiteraryAgentHypothesis supposedly based on]]; ''Sarpadian Empires'', whose first six volumes are quoted in Fallen Empires flavor text and whose seventh volume was printed as a card in Time Spiral; and ''The Underworld Cookbook'', which is only quoted on three cards (one of which is from the self-parody expansion Unhinged), but whose author's name, Asmoranomardicadaistinaculdacar, is the longest word ever to appear on a Magic card. ''The Love Song of Night and Day'' actually exists and was written as part of the worldbuilding for the Mirage expansion, and can be read [[http://www.wizards.com/Magic/Magazine/Article.aspx?x=mtgcom/feature/145 here.]]
** The end of the ''Rise Of The Eldrazi'' block had quotes from a book called the War Diaries as flavour for some cards. It seems like an account of the terrible fighting against the Cthulu-sytle horrors of the Eldrazi, and contains sentences about crucical turning points.
* A pair of [[{{Defictionalized}} meta-examples]] from DungeonsAndDragons: ''The Book Of Exalted Deeds'' and the ''Book Of Vile Darkness'', which exist as powerful artifacts in-universe and useful splatbooks out-of-universe.
** ''ForgottenRealms'' uses it via its LiteraryAgentHypothesis: at least ''Aurora's Whole Realms Catalogue'' and every ''Volo's Guide to [blank]'' are supposed to be "actual" books printed on Toril, and some others, like ''Elminster's Ecologies'' mostly consists of various in-'verse {{exposition}} texts.
** The ''{{Ravenloft}}'' campaign setting features the Tome of Strahd, an exceedingly rare manifesto written by Strahd von Zarovich which serves as the foreword of the Ravenloft sourcebook. Also, and more popularly, there are the Van Richten's Guides, written by famed doctor and monster hunter Ruldolph van Richten. Copies of these books are published and distributed by the doctor's office and serve as guides on proper hunting techniques. Often, Dr. van Richten complains in his books that there are so many other inferior and incorrect works on monster hunting in existence that he sees it as his duty to put out properly researched guides that won't get novice hunters killed. Out of universe, the Guides exist and are written in the author's voice for the fluff sections, though it is assumed that any crunchy statistics and in-game information is ghosted out of the in-universe versions.
* Much of the rich background information for ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'' is conveyed through quotes, [[AfterActionReport after-action reports]], or excerpts from fictional investigations, histories, or [[ApocalypticLog journals]]. In an example of {{Defictionalization}}, one such book, ''The Imperial Infantryman's Uplifting Primer'', has actually been published.
* ''{{Exalted}}'' has a lot of these, some of which have been [[{{Defictionalization}} Defictionalized.]] Notable examples include ''[[TomeOfEldritchLore The Broken-Winged Crane]]'', ''[[BigBookOfWar The Thousand Correct Actions of the Upright Soldier]]'', ''The Book of Three Circles'', ''The White Treatise'', ''The Black Treatise'', ''The Book of Bone and Ebony'', and ''Oadenol's Codex''.
** WhiteWolf hasn't left their [[TabletopGame/OldWorldOfDarkness Worlds of]] [[TabletopGame/NewWorldOfDarkness Darkness out]] either, with examples such as ''The Book of Nod'', ''The Ericyes Fragments'', ''The Prince's Primer'', ''Revelations of the Dark Mother'', ''The Silver Record'', ''Chronicles of the Black Labyrinth'', ''Rites of the Dragon'', and ''The Testament of Longinus''.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Video Games]]
* Several games have used fictional documents as part of the documentation. Well-known examples include text adventures from Creator/{{Infocom}} and the ''Franchise/{{Ultima}}'' series, as well as ''VideoGame/{{Wipeout}}.
* ''VideoGame/QuestForGlory'' uses the correspondence courses from Famous Adventurer's Correspondence School as supplements to the manual for each game until the 5th game, which features Famous Adventurer himself as an NPC who helps the player with some of the Rites of Rulership.
* VideoGame/MetalGearSolid has a few books mentioned in the game. Most notably one called "In the Darkness of Shadow Moses", a novelization of the events of the first game which is available to read on the main menu of [=MGS2=].
* Any number of texts found within ''Franchise/TheElderScrolls'' games, ranging from popular histories such as ''The Real Barenziah'' and ''A Brief History of the Empire'', through religious texts such as ''For My Gods and Emperor'' and ''36 Lessons of Vivec'', to novels such as ''A Dance in Fire'' and ''The Wolf Queen''. Many of the histories presented within the game are contradictory and at odds with each other, leaving it up to the reader to piece together the history of Tamriel for him/herself.
** The best is ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsIIIMorrowind Morrowind]]'''s ''The Lusty Argonian Maid''. It's... umm... a play. A side-quest involves finding actors willing to be in it.
** And Boethiah's Pillow book is unmentionable.
** There is a good laugh in ''The Madness of Pelagius,'' after having read ''The Wolf Queen vol. 8,'' which describes an amulet given to Pelagius that robs the wearer of sanity over the course of years.
* Also from Bethesda, the Wasteland Survival Guide in ''VideoGame/{{Fallout 3}}'', the quality of which depends on how much work you put into it, including none at all!
* ''VideoGame/MonkeyIsland2LeChucksRevenge'' has an entire library of fictional documents, mostly comprised of various jokes, in-jokes, and parodies.
* The ''Emigre Document'' of ShadowHearts, seemingly based on the untranslatable ''Voynich Manuscript'' carries in it all manner of [[DangerousForbiddenTechnique dangerous knowlege]] including resurrection. That part always fails in the most catastrophic ways possible, usually summoning soulless abominations from your loved ones corpse to devour them and you as well. [[spoiler:Except for two recorded times. And in the first example, the corpse couldn't take the stress and dissolved before the process finished.]]
** If that is not Lovecraftian enough, also available is the ''R'lyeh Text'', translated as ''Codex of Lurie'', which I believe you find in a nudie mag.
* In the vein of plot-important fake books is ''In-Laqetti'', of Persona2 fame. A composition of [[SoYouWantTo/WriteAConspiracyTheory patchwork conspiracy]] including aliens, Mayans, and [[AdolfHitler Master-D himself]], which would apparently cause the [[EarthShatteringKaboom world to go bye-de-bye]]. Thanks to a bit of [[WordsCanBreakMyBones kotodama]] and extreme Wikiality, things start coming true.
* The hugely popular novel (and later play) LOVELESS is frequently quoted by Genesis in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII VideoGame/CrisisCore'', It's apparently very moving, but we never find out what the novel is actually about.
* ''VideoGame/BaldursGate'' is full of these. Some provide plot-relevant information ("The History of the Dead Three") other just notes on the setting. One is a recipe for cookies.
** Its ''Franchise/DragonAge'' [[SpiritualSuccessor spiritual successors]] are full of fictional documents - books with notes on the setting, silly poetry, letters between characters, and [[VideoGame/DragonAgeII Varric's]] schlocky novels (Hawke: "'Hard in Hightown.' 'Siege Harder.' What does that even MEAN? Ohh, Varric must be stopped.") Particularly prevalent is [[IdeologicalScreed Anders's Manifesto]], which the rebel mage appears to have stuffed in every book on Hawke's shelf, left on every table, and dropped in the fireplace. (Some fans have even attempted a {{Defictionalization}} of it.)
* In ''VideoGame/BeyondGoodAndEvil'', Jade's sidekick Double H quotes passages frequently from the the 'Carlson & Peeters' military manual, a BigBookOfWar. While the player eventually does see a section of the book in digital form, most of what we know about the book is from Double H offering advice from the book as quoted passages: "If you can't go through a door, go around it!". Perhaps one of the few fictional documents which also serves as inspiration for someone's BattleCry.
-->'''Double H''': CAARRRLSONNN AAAND PEEETERRRRS! [[DropTheHammer -Whack!-]]
* The Books of Chzo, which includes The Book of The Bridge, the Book of The New Prince, The Book of Victims, and the Book of The Prince. These Books are shown in pieces throughout the VideoGame/ChzoMythos in order to flesh out most of the back-story and themes of the series.
* Many of the techs and secret projects in ''VideoGame/SidMeiersAlphaCentauri'' use quotes from fictional books ostensibly written by the various faction leaders, although a few quotes are from RealLife works. They are also used to introduce each faction when first selecting them. This is continued in the ''Alien Crossfire'' ExpansionPack with the 5 new human and 2 alien factions (yes, aliens write and read books too).
-->Our first challenge is to create an entire economic infrastructure, from top to bottom, out of whole cloth. No gradual evolution from previous economic systems is possible, because there is no previous economic system. Each interdependent piece must be materialized simultaneously and in perfect working order; otherwise the system will crash out before it ever gets off the ground.
--->CEO Nwabudike Morgan, "The Centauri Monopoly"
* In the ''VideoGame/{{Homeworld}}'' clone ''O.R.B.: Off-World Resource Base'', both factions use the same holy text called Torumin in their state religions. Naturally, a few quotations from it are present in the game (moreso in the manual). In fact, the initial conflict between the factions is directly caused by an incorrect interpretation of the Torumin by one of them.
-->All living creatures wake to the light of the sun;
-->When there are two suns,
-->Does this increase our awareness?
-->Shadow upon shadow, light negates light.
--->Divination MI
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/GunnerkriggCourt'': While researching the minotaur, Antimony was unimpressed with ''Gainsbury World Mythology'' and ''Mythology 4 Kidz!'' as sources. Later, she's seen reading ''TannhauserGate'', and Kat borrows ''Important Stuff (Like Science)'' from the library.
* In part 2 of the Lebanese comic [[http://www.malaakonline.com Malaak: Angel of Peace]], [[http://www.malaakonline.com/II10.html a collage of fictional newspapers]] is used on one page to suggest that the heroine has piled up missions and has been noticed by the general public. The papers' titles and contents (ads included) are all parodies of actual papers and places.
* The various popular Heterodyne Boys pulp novels in ''Webcomic/GirlGenius''.
** And less popular, the Trelawney Thorpe: Spark of the Realm books, which are from ''British'' publishers.
** And of course the classic tome ''Using Found Objects as Weapons''.
* The various mad science journals (including the New Journal of Malology) from ''Narbonic''.
* In ''TheLifeOfNobTMouse'' and ''AllOverTheHouse'', ''The Blobland Gang'' is a set of books, TV & radio shows, and even a film. They are all based on Hubert Schlongson's visits to Blobland to learn about the adventures of Nob Mouse and Company.
* ''TheWayOfTheMetagamer'''s sequel, ''The Way Of The Metagamer 2: InNameOnly'', exists only within the comic.
* The ''Seventy Maxims of Maximally Effective Mercenaries'' of ''Webcomic/SchlockMercenary'' (originally ''Seven Habits of Highly Successful Pirates''), a BigBookOfWar and spoof of a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Seven_Habits_of_Highly_Effective_People well-known book on business-managements self-empowerment]] [[BuffySpeak type stuff.]]
* ''UnwindersTallComics'' are ''loaded'' with fictional books. Unwinder is a fan of the ''After Dark'' series, a [[Literature/{{Twilight}} romance novels involving zombies who are actually super-attractive athletes who can also fly]], as well as the epically dull sci-fi {{doorstopper}}s of Gary P. Rastov. Excerpts from all of these are provided, of course. \\
The author even parodies his use of this trope, by having Unwinder [[StoryWithinAStory write his own webcomic]], with said webcomic featuring its own, uniquely dull, fictional novel: ''The Gun and the Grapes'', which cranks NarrativeFiligree up to eleven. Back in the main comic, a reader is unimpressed by Unwinder's metafiction.
-->'''Amy:''' I can't really tell what you're going for here. ... You invented an intentionally boring author and provided an intentionally boring prose sample. Mission accomplished. Now why should I care?\\
'''Unwinder:''' There's... there's a certain audience for this.
* Several are mentioned in passing in ''Webcomic/TheMansionOfE''.
* ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive'' has [[http://www.egscomics.com/?date=2002-08-16 a copy of the journal of the wizard]] who enchanted the [[MineralMacGuffin Dewitchery Diamond]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* The entry on the [[{{precursors}} Iormunean Imperium]] in ''OpenBlue'''s [[AllThereInTheManual Worldbook]] quotes multiple fictional documents as the source of information for the otherwise completely unknown lost civilization.
** The Worldbook's article on TheChurch also features verses from their holy book, the Book of Zod.
** Port Allison's history also quotes passages from the island's discoverer, a Columbus expy named Julian Argenio.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/KimPossible'' features the "classic novella" ''Lo The Plow Shall Till The Soil Of Redemption''. One critic (i.e. Ron) describes it thusly: "snobby, pompous, overwritten, [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking and the pictures [are] in black and white]]!"
* A ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'' episode features the Music/{{Beck}}tionary and the Rhyming Becktionary.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' has lots of these, including
** ''Shall There Ever Be Another Rainbow?'', C. Montgomery Burns' touching autobiography.
** Bob Woodward's book about Jebediah Springfield.
** Marge Simpson's bodice-ripper novel of Nantucket whaling.
** Various stage works, most notably the musicals ''Streetcar!'' and ''Stop the Planet of the Apes''.
** Periodicals like ''The Springfield Shopper'' and ''Junior Sceptic Magazine''.
** Lisa's unfinished novel: ''They promised me ponies''.
* ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'':
** The JustForFun/DaringDo series.
** An innumerable amount of reference works in Twilight Sparkle's library.
** The Foal Free Press, the newspaper at the school the Cutie Mark Crusaders attend.
* The Franchise/{{Transformers}} follow the Covenant of Primus, a book of prophetic texts delivered by their creator-god, in many continuities, most notably ''WesternAnimation/BeastWars'' and the "Aligned" continuity branch that includes the ''WesternAnimation/TransformersPrime'' TV series and a series of novels.
* ''Tobin's Spirit Guide'' was referenced often by Egon on ''WesternAnimation/TheRealGhostbusters''.
[[/folder]]
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