A [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin fictional]] [[CaptainObvious country]] in [[LikeRealityUnlessNoted an otherwise real-world setting]]. May be a FictionalCounterpart to a RealLife country, or may be created whole-cloth as a example of a generic political/religious ideology (e.g. a CommieLand that is not readily identifiable with any of the various, often mutually-exclusive forms of Communism or any specific Communist/Socialist state), and/or with no direct resemblence to any specific RealLife country.

{{Sub Trope}}s:
[[index]]
* BananaRepublic: Central and South America
* {{Bulungi}}: sub-Saharan Africa
* {{Ruritania}}: Central and Eastern Europe
* {{Qurac}}: the Middle East and North Africa
* {{Uberwald}}: Central and Eastern Europe as a sinister horror setting
* {{Wutai}}: East Asia
* TheOldCountry: A fictional country which major characters in a story emigrated from
[[/index]]

May overlap with CommieLand, DarkestAfrica, DividedStatesOfAmerica (if [some of] the seceding states unite into a ''new'' one that is separate from the others and is ''not'' a successor to the original United States), UnitedEurope, LadyLand (if set in a [[LikeRealityUnlessNoted real-world]] setting, and especially if it's founded by the Amazons of GreekMythology), OneNationUnderCopyright (in MegaCorp-dominated settings).

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!Examples
!!FictionalCounterpart countries

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' seems to have Amestris as an analogy for inter-war Germany, with Xing representing Asian countries such as China and Ishval representing middle-eastern countries.
* Ulgia for Lebanon in the fourth episode of ''Anime/{{Noir}}'', as well as the unnamed Middle-Eastern nation in episode 7. The rest of the series takes place in real-world locations like Paris, Spain, and Russia.
* ''{{Madlax}}'' has a Nafrece (France/Britain hybrid) and Gazth-Sonika (a mixture of Vietnam and the Middle-East) but it's implied to be set in the real world (Japan is mentioned in the early episodes).
* ''Anime/ScienceNinjaTeamGatchaman'' had Ameris, Ameria, and Amerishima (all modeled after the United States), the Shosken Kingdom (which looks like a version of Egypt), Asham (looks like India - even had a Taj Mahal-like building in one shot), and Indelhia (YMMV: it's supposed to be a sort of India/Western Asia place). There was also the fictional Central European-esque country of Hontwal (a pun off of "honto wa aru", meaning "It exists").
** In the third iteration, ''Gatchaman Fighter'', versions of names of existing countries are used, completely forgetting the names used in the original.
* Academy City and the Elizarina Alliance of Independent Nations in ''LightNovel/ACertainMagicalIndex''. The former is an independent state in Japan and is the forefront of all science and technology in the [[TheVerse Toaruverse]], while the latter is an alliance of nations which split themselves from Russia.
* The ''Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' metaverse is all over this trope. ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamWing Gundam Wing]]'' has the Sanc Kingdom[[note]]Denmark according to the sourcebooks[[/note]], ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamSeed Gundam SEED]]'' has the United Emirates of Orb[[note]]somewhere in the neighborhood of Samoa[[/note]], and ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundam00 Gundam 00]]'' has several, most prominently Azadistan[[note]][[{{Qurac}} somewhere in the Middle East]][[/note]]. The kings, however, are ''[[Anime/AfterWarGundamX Gundam X]]'' and ''Anime/TurnAGundam'', which both take place AfterTheEnd and thus have new names for a whole bunch of real-world places (''X'' has San Angelino in California, ''Turn A'' has Inglessia, AKA New England).

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* From DC Comics: {{Qurac}}, the TropeNamer for its particular type, home of Cheshire, and a rather unsubtle FictionalCounterpart to UsefulNotes/{{Iraq}} (pre-[[WarOnTerror Iraq War]], obviously), right down to its leader, [[PresidentEvil President Marlo]], who is an obvious {{expy}} of Saddam Hussein.
** ''Franchise/{{Batman}}: The Ultimate Evil'' by Creator/AndrewVachss gives us Udon Khai, an obvious parallel for Thailand at the height of its child sex slavery.
* There's a lot of fictional countries in Disney comics. Most of them are generic [[BananaRepublic Banana Republics]], [[{{Ruritania}} Ruritanias]] etc., but one of the most notable is Brutopia, a stand-in for the Soviet Union that even appears in DonRosa's stories, which otherwise usually stick to real world countries and locations.
** CarlBarks also created the violent and dangerous country of Unsteadystan, blatantly based on Vietnam. It was engulfed on a civil war after a civil war and one of the first things we get to see is a rebel soldier blowing up America's embassy with grenades.
** Duckburg, meanwhile, is located in the fictional American state of Calisota, which corresponds with northern California.
* Franchise/{{Tintin}} visited a lot of these as well as real-world locations. [[ANaziByAnyOtherName Borduria]] is a pretty obvious UsefulNotes/NaziGermany counterpart, while its neighbor Syldavia is a particularly well-executed {{Ruritania}}. There's also Khemed, which is a {{Qurac}}, and San Theodoros and its neighbor Nuevo Rico, each of which is a BananaRepublic.
** It was a bit more complex. Borduria started out as an expy of Nazi Germany (although the name of its leader Musstler is a blend of Mussolini and Hitler), but after World War 2 it became a counterpart to Stalinist Eastern Europe, with Marshal Plekszy-Gladz (Kurvy-Tasch) as a Stalin expy. Syldavia combined Balkan, Czech and Austrian elements with a king who resembled King Leopold III of Belgium. Although a bit of a Ruritania to begin with, it later became advanced enough to build nuclear reactors and a rocket that reached the Moon in the 1950s. San Theodoros and Nuevo Rico contain elements of Paraguay and Bolivia, as the conflict over the Gran Chapo region is partly modeled on the Gran Chaco War between those two countries.
** Also from ''Tintin'', the secret Inca Empire in ''Prisoners of the Sun'' is a [[AncientConspiracy clandestine continuation of the historic nation into the present]], and the Sondonesian independence fighters in ''Flight 714'' appear to be inspired by similar movements in Indonesia.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* Moronica from Film/TheThreeStooges shorts "You Nazty Spy" and "I'll Never Heil Again"; FictionalCounterpart to UsefulNotes/NaziGermany.
* ''Film/TheGreatDictator'': Tomania, FictionalCounterpart to UsefulNotes/NaziGermany, Bacteria, FictionalCounterpart to Fascist Italy, and Osterlitch, FictionalCounterpart of Austria.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* ''{{Ligon}}'' in the series of the same name by Creator/KirBulychev is based on [[UsefulNotes/ThatSouthEastAsianCountry his experiences in Burma]].
* Mixo-Lydia in Angela Thirkell's {{Barsetshire}} novels, is a stand-in for the unpleasant middle-European country of your choice, but mostly Romania. The Mix-Lydian refugees and diplomats have names like "Bronscu."
* In the ''Literature/SherlockHolmes'' story ''A Scandal in Bohemia'' the conceit is that Watson for reasons of discretion calls a real-world monarch "king of Bohemia". Strangely enough, at the time of the writing there actually was a king of Bohemia, that being one of the titles of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria.
* ''Utopia'' by Thomas More.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live-Action TV ]]

* ''[[Series/TwentyFour 24]]'' has the Islamic Republic of Kamistan (IRK) in season 8.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Role Playing Games ]]

* Much of Roleplay/DinoAttackRPG takes place in the fictional country of "LEGOLAND", first referenced in posts by Kotua in Space with appearances of the LEGOLAND military. The exact location is never stated, but it seems to resemble a typical Western lifestyle, with a mix of Canada/America and European elements.
** Dino Attack RPG also has Barron, a fictional country located in eastern Europe, as a means of explaining Sam Sinister's title of Lord von Barron. Barron is depicted as a rather stereotypical version of Germany home to [[MadScientist Mad]] {{Herr Doktor}}s.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VideoGame/MegaManBattleNetwork'': While the original series was set in a future version of our world, BN was set in an alternate universe, and thus, has different coutries. Electopia is Japan, Netopia is America and Europe, Netfrica is Africa, and so on.
* The world in the ''AceCombat'' universe looks like a scrambled version of the real world, and most of the countries are {{fictional counterpart}}s to real countries, eg Osean Federation=USA, Aurelia=Argentina, Sapin=Spain, Belka=Germany, Wellow=Greenland, Amber=Italy, Delarus=Belarus, Sotoa=Arabia, Kaluga=India, Clavis=Australia, Yuktobania=Russia, etc.
* [=SimNation=] in ''VideoGame/TheSims'', which is pretty much the United States.
* All the countries in ''VideoGame/PapersPlease'', representing various East-European communist states. "Cobrastan" takes the cake, however, being a fictional country ''in-universe''.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* Potsylvania in ''RockyAndBullwinkle'', a stand-in for the SovietUnion and other Eastern Bloc countries.
* Thembria in ''WesternAnimation/TaleSpin'', FictionalCounterpart for the SovietUnion.
* North and South Rhelasia for North and South Korea in ''WesternAnimation/YoungJustice''.

!!Whole cloth-fictional countries

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* ''LightNovel/{{Gosick}}'' is set in Sauville. Sauville is a tiny French-speaking country between France and Italy. It is supposed to look like a typical western European nation.
* More ''Anime/ScienceNinjaTeamGatchaman'': Hontwarl, Franbell, Sainan, Dokuaru, and wherever Utoland City is supposed to be located.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* DCComics
** Markovia, where Terra and Geo Force come from.
** The underground country where the vampires who turned Looker come from.
** Themyscira, [[LadyLand home of the Amazons]].
** Zandia, an island nation with no extradition laws, whose population consists pretty much entirely of supervillains.
* MarvelComics:
** Latveria and Symkaria, home of SelfDemonstrating/DoctorDoom and the SilverSable, respectively, and neighbour countries with a single shared border; both of them are monarchies that are ruled by the aforementioned characters (via usurping the original dynasty, in Doom's case), and both countries' leaders maintain some measure of cordial relations between their nations.
** Genosha, an island nation with a horrific history of [[FantasticRacism anti-mutant discrimination]] that was taken over by ComicBook/{{X-Men}} supervillain {{Magneto}}.
** Wakanda, a strange mixture of high-tech with tribal shields and spears, home of the ComicBook/BlackPanther.
* A more generic fictional country from ''Tintin'' is the semi-independent Indian state of Rawhajpoutalah (Gajpajama) first seen in ''The Cigars of the Pharaoh''.
* SuskeEnWiske:
** Chocowakije in "Rikki en Wiske in Chocowakije"
** The isle Amoras in "Het Eiland Amoras", "De Stalen Bloempot" and "Amoris op Amoras". (''Amoras Island, The Steel Flowerpot, Amoris on Amoras'')
** Mocano in "De Bronzen Sleutel" (''The Bronze Key'')
** Frigoria in "Het Bevroren Vuur" (''The Frozen Fire'')
** Bazaria in "De Speelgoedzaaier" (''The Toy Sower'')
** Fantasia in "De Lieve Lilleham" (''The Sweet Lilleham'')
* The country Marmeladië in the Belgian comic strip ''"'t Prinske"''
* ComicStrip/{{Nero}}: Found in the albums ''“De Gele Gorilla”, “De Groene Patreel”, “Prinses Lovely”, “De Mosterd van Abraham”'',…
** Slobobavia in ''“De Pijpeplakkers”''
** Papland in ''“De Gouden Vrouw”''

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Film ]]

* The Duchy of Grand Fenwick from ''Literature/TheMouseThatRoared'': despite being founded by a ''British'' Knight, it has never been part of any RealLife country throughout its history; it's just that ''no one'' could be bothered to recognize a few square miles-wide country... Until they ''accidentally'' hijacked a nuclear device.
* Freedonia and Sylvania in ''DuckSoup''.
* Klopstokia, a {{Ruritania}} that participated in the Los Angeles Olympics and won more medals than any other nation in the Jack Oakie/W. C. Fields vehicle ''Million Dollar Legs'' (1932).
* In the movie ''The Interpreter'', the plot is all about saving the dictator of the fictional African country of Matobo, which could be a stand-in for any sub-Saharan African country. It seems to be like Uganda under Idi Amin.
* Krakozhia from ''TheTerminal'', a {{Ruritania}} that Tom Hank's character is from.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Literature ]]

* Atlantis in ''Kritias'' and ''Timaios'' by Plato. Although some people like to believe that it was real.
* California (a country populated by Amazons ruled by Queen Calafia) in the chivalric romance ''Las Sergas del muy esforzado Caballero Esplendían'' by García Rodréguez Ordónez de Montalvo (died 1504). The states in the US and Mexico are named after it.
* ''Utopia'' in the book of the same name by Thomas More.
* Lilliput, Blefuscu, Brobdingnag and most of the other countries mentioned in ''Gulliver's Travels'', although Lilliput and Blefuscu also mirror certain aspects of Great Britain and France, respectively.
* The first of Gordon Korman's ''MacdonaldHall'' books mentions "Malbonia". The country "Pefkakia" is prominent in ''TheTwinkieSquad'', and it is also mentioned in ''ASemesterInTheLifeOfAGarbageBag''.
* In ''Literature/ThePrincessDiaries'', the queen is from Genovia, which seems to be a stand-in for the real life nation of Andorra.
* ''Chanda's Secrets'' and ''Chanda's Wars'' by Allen Stratton take place in a fictional sub-Saharan African country ravaged by the HIV/AIDS epidemic and civil wars.
* Creator/CSLewis's novel ''{{Till We Have Faces}}'' takes place in the fictional kingdom of Glome, which was located to the north of Greece.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live-Action TV ]]

* ''Series/TwentyFour'': The African country of Sangala in season 7. There was also an Islamic country that was never named in an earlier season. Jack teams up with an agent from that country (nicknamed "Fauxraqistan" at TelevisionWithoutPity.com) for a while.
* ''Series/TheWestWing'' has Qumar, which is a middle-eastern country that is backwards and whose government officials perpetrate acts of terrorism against the United States. So it's pretty much like...
* ''Series/CommanderInChief'' has the South American country of San Pasquale.
* The fictional 'presidentdom' of Groland in the eponymous satirical news show - mostly a thinly disguised parody of France.
* ''Series/{{Leverage}}'' has San Lorenzo in the TV series and Malani in the tie-in novel ''The Zoo Job''.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Newspaper Comics ]]

* Elbonia from ''ComicStrip/{{Dilbert}}'', a country populated by [[TheDitz ditzes]] (their national bird is the Frisbee) who live in waist-deep mud.
* A {{Garfield}} strip featured Garfield doing a routine on the fence for a boy scout delegation from the country of Booga-Booga. [[RuleOfFunny Made even funnier]] when he found out the hard way that the only currency in Booga-Booga is 800-pound chariot wheels.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* The Rogue Isles of ''CityOfVillains''.
* ''[[VideoGame/SoulSeries Soulcalibur IV]]'' gives us the fictional country of Wolfkrone, located somewhere in the Holy Roman Empire (present-day Germany) and home to newcomer [[BadassPrincess Hildegard]] [[LadyOfWar von]] [[KnightInShiningArmor Krone]]. Not much of the land has been seen, but it appears to be [[AdvancedAncientAcropolis quite advanced]] for the late 16th century, considering that the Wolfkrone Monument stage is a carousel complete with animatronic musician-like figures that overlooks a castle and clockwork.
** According to ''New Legends of Project Soul'' (a [[AllThereInTheManual sourcebook]] for ''Soulcalibur V''), the Wolfkrone Kingdom is something of a MicroMonarchy, located between Germany and Switzerland.
* Gallowmere, the setting of the first ''VideoGame/MediEvil'' game, became this once [[VideoGame/MediEvil2 the second game]] (set in Victorian-era London) was released.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* Maldonia, homeland of Prince Naveen in ''ThePrincessAndTheFrog''
* Glacia, frozen homeland of the villains in the 1973/74 ''SuperFriends'' episode "The Weather Maker".
* The unnamed state containing Springfield, Shelbyville and Capitol City in ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' is a borderline case, as it is part of the United States, but clearly not any one of the existing 50 states.
* Transformers had an African country called Carbombya, which is ruled by a dictator who is a cross between IdiAminDada and UsefulNotes/MuammarGaddafi.
* Kasnia (or Kaznia) a country apparently somewhere in eastern Europe in the DCAnimatedUniverse. Over the course of the various series, it starts as a monarchy, briefly becomes a dictatorship which holds the world hostage, undergoes a civil war, and joins the European Union and adopts the Euro as its currency.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Other ]]

* In the 1930s, democratic and socialist politicians in France received letters from dissidents in the East European nation of Poldevia asking for their support. This turned out to be a hoax perpetrated by a right-wing journalist who wanted to show them up and embarrass them and attracted a lot of attention at the time. (In the Tintin album ''The Blue Lotus'', the Poldevian Consul in Shanghai is one of the patrons of the titular opium den). One right-wing French publicist said at the beginning of World War 2 that young Frenchmen did not want to die for the Poldevians, apparently equating the real-world threat to Poland with the plight of a fictional country.

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