Humans are naturally curious, and even when ScienceIsWrong we want to know ''why''. In a fantasy setting, these curious people will found whole new academic fields and professions around studying the strange and fantastic flora, fauna and phenomena that exist in it. Just like some schools of [[HermeticMagic Hermetic]] and VancianMagic will create RitualMagic by [[SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic analyzing occultism with scientific rigor]], these professionals (not necessarily wizards, though that does help the survival rate) will go about cataloguing, studying and [[ForScience (hopefully humanely)]] experimenting with peculiar phyla in a very empirical way.

Possible Fantastic Scientists include a botanist who studies mandragora, a biologist cataloguing griffins, or an epi''demon''ologist who studies outbreaks of infectious DemonicPossession to find a cure. Likewise, you can expect their field of study to have a [[{{Whatevermancy}} strange made up name]], like [[Franchise/HarryPotter Herbology]] or Impology. All the same, they will go about studying these curious classes as if they were real... because in the setting, ''they are!''

As a character, a Fantastic Scientist is often TheProfessor or at least TheSmartGuy, possibly a bit of an AbsentMindedProfessor or even MadScientist. They can be amiable enough [[MrExposition deliverers of exposition]], background, in need of rescuing from their subject of study, or the cause of some shenanigans (like the above epidemonologist letting loose an improved possession plague). Their motivations can range from curiosity, a desire to discover PotentialApplications, or to gain kingship over this kingdom. Their home or office will usually have a MagicalLibrary with truly eclectic books and a BazaarOfTheBizarre composed of their subject of study.

A MagicPoweredPseudoscience is more likely to be "alchemy works because of magic" and modeled on that pseudoscience than an attempt by in-universe characters to model the magic as the regular science that this is. It should be noted that alchemy does not fall under this trope due to the fact that [[ChemistryCanDoAnything it is technically real.]]

If an OccultDetective decides to also catalogue whatever it is they detect, they may also be researchers of a Fantastic Science. Research into magic ''itself'' is the subtrope SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic. See also MagicVersusScience, AdmiringTheAbomination. Compare TheSparkOfGenius.
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!!Examples

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[[folder:Anime]]
* In Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion, we have "metaphysical biology," which seems to be the science of souls. This fits with [[SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic how souls are treated in the series.]]
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[[folder:Comics]]
* ''{{Planetary}}''
* Obscure ''WonderWoman'' enemy [[MorallyAmbiguousDoctorate Doctor]] [[MadScientist Poison]] calls herself a "Mythobiologist". She studies the biology of mythological beings and [[BodyHorror their effects]] on more mundane life.
* ''Skybound Entertainment'' 's comic ''Witch Doctor'' portrays the realm of supernatural creatures as parasites that are best battled by medical specialists rather then soldiers. The first issue of the mini-series treated a Demonic Possession as being similar to a parasitic infection, with the young victim, after being purged, having to remain inside his family home surrounded by protective runes until the main characters could find a more permanent cure for his condition.
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[[folder:Film]]
* In ''Film/{{Ghostbusters}},'' two of the three original characters, Ray and Egon, are legitimate paranormal researchers that channel their knowledge into the business of "paranormal investigations and eliminations."
** It's not clear what Peter contributes to the research, if anything, though he was the one that came up with the idea of making it into a business after getting kicked out of Columbia University.
** Peter has a [=PhD=] in Parapsychology, so I always just assumed his part in the research was in that area.
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[[folder:Literature]]
* ''Literature/HarryPotter'': Some of the Classes at Hogwarts operate this way, like Herbology. It's basically just Botany, but with magical plants.
** Infuriating because they seem never to study any basic non-magical skills. This is actually lampshaded by Hermione in the very first book, when she and Harry are confronted with Snape's riddle. She comments that an ordinary wizard may have had serious problems solving it, because they don't learn any math/logic puzzles.
*** Fans have run away with the FridgeHorror aspects to propose, for example, that the wizard job market is terribly restricted and the entire system is balanced on the social/economical equivalent of toothpicks.
* Telemain of the ''EnchantedForestChronicles'' is a magician who studies the technical side of magic and has a habit of talking in incomprehensible MagiBabble, much to the chagrin of the other characters.
* Theoretical magicians in JonathanStrangeAndMrNorrell study magic but don't ever practice it.
* In David Eddings's [[TheBelgariad Mallorean]] series, the Melcene University has schools devoted to alchemy, necromancy, etc.
* NameOfTheWind has this as the setting, in the form of The University. There are various grades of magic, starting with almost-science and ranging all the way to god-mode. To make things more exciting, they're all intermixed. It turns out that chemistry and metalsmithing are ''much'' more exciting when you can break the laws of physics.
* [[Literature/TheDresdenFiles Harry Dresden]] makes a study of magic, describing himself as effectively a magical nerd. When he was entrusted with a Sword of the Cross, he made a study of who would be a suitable person for being a wielder of the sword, and correctly deduced at least one candidate.
** He explicitly keeps Bob around specifically for his ability to be a magic scientist. It becomes a plot point when he discovers that Bob was created for this purpose, and was so successful that ''Mab'', Queen of Air and Darkness, wants to destroy him.
** Waldo Butters is also great at this. Originally a pure {{muggle}}, when he gets into the spooky side of things he becomes a really proficient magical theorist by applying the scientific ideas he already knew.
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[[folder:Live Action TV]]
* Helen Magnus in ''{{Sanctuary}}''.
-->'''Helen:''' I specialize mainly in cryptozoology and xenobiology. Teratology, too, when the need arises.
** Those would be the studies of unknown animals, of aliens and of monsters.
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[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Shadowrun}}'' had parabiologists and parazoologists. They studied Awakened (magical) plants and animals, respectively. It also had academics who studied the theory of magic but couldn't actually do magic themselves.
* In ''{{GURPS}}'', thaumatology is "the academic study of magical theory". Occultism has specialties like vampirology and pneumatology for more specific areas of study.
** Pneumatology is from the Greek (πνεύμα) and means "the study of spirits."
* Artificers from the ''[[DungeonsAndDragons Dungeons & Dragons]]'' setting ''{{Eberron}}'' are described this way.
* The ''{{Ravenloft}}'' setting's various sourcebooks on monsters, the ''Van Richten's Guides'', are [[LiteraryAgentHypothesis presented as the work]] of scientifically-minded researchers of the supernatural.
* ''{{Exalted}}'' uses the term 'savant' to denote anyone who has a scientific understanding of the fantastic forces at work in and beyond Creation, as opposed to people who are just operating on superstition and folklore. Also, anyone who works extensively with {{Magitek}} is called a sorcerer-engineer.
** And it also uses the term "motonic" for a major field of high-tier scientific study, related to the way that everything in its world is composed of motes of Essence.
* ''TabletopGame/{{EON}}'' plays it straighter than an arrow, since, in this universe, magic ''is'' science!
* In ''TabletopGame/CthulhuTech'', sorcery is something you can learn in college. You might not actually ''[[WithGreatPowerComesGreatInsanity want]]'' [[WithGreatPowerComesGreatInsanity to]] though ...
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[[folder:Video Games]]
* Pokémon professors. [[VideoGame/PokemonRedAndBlue Professor Oak]] studies Pokémon-human behavior and interactions, [[VideoGame/PokemonGoldAndSilver Elm]] does Pokémon breeding, [[VideoGame/PokemonRubyAndSapphire Birch]] studies Pokémon ecology, [[VideoGame/PokemonDiamondAndPearl Rowan]] studies Pokémon evolution, and [[VideoGame/PokemonBlackAndWhite Juniper]] studies Pokémon origins (i.e. evolution in the speciation sense as opposed to Pokémon metamorphosis).
* The ''Franchise/TalesSeries'' is fond of this, along with SufficientlyAnalyzedMagic:
** ''VideoGame/TalesOfSymphonia'' has Raine Sage, who is a magical historian with a focus on healing arts and [[{{Magitek}} magitechnology]].
** ''VideoGame/TalesOfTheAbyss'' has [[ColonelBadass Colonel]] Jade Curtiss, who (along with his former friend Saphir) used to be a sort of magical geneticist, and goes back to it after the game. Saphir Neis and Guy Cecil both focus on [[{{Magitek}} fontech]], although Guy is really more of an enthusiastic hobbyist.
* In [[ArcanumOfSteamworksAndMagickObscura Arcanum]], the Tolkienesque world is undergoing an industrial revolution which has given rise to a very scientifically minded academia. There are many in-universe scientific texts on such matters as [[MagicVersusScience The Nature of Magick and Technology]] or Supernatural Selection which explores, among other things, the genetic ancestry of elves and orcs and how it relates to humans.
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[[folder:Web Comics]]
* In ''Webcomic/GunnerkriggCourt'', the eponymous Court studies the extranormal from time to time. Kat Donlan discovered that the [[LivingShadow Shadow Men]] actually have mass, and the Suttons are botanists/gardeners who restore magically-animated trees to their original state.
** The Court uses the term "Etheric Sciences" to describe their studies of magic, which they call "ether." The do this because they believe everything can be explained, so "magic" is a misnomer to them.
* ''Webcomic/{{Adventurers}}'' gives us powerfologists. See BishonenLine for more.
* Tedd of ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive'' seems to be heading in this [[http://egscomics.com/index.php?arcid=72 direction.]]
* [[TheProfessor Professor]] Hannah Teal of ''Webcomic/RankAmateur'' is a Dimensional Physics Engineer. She designed hyperdrives, alternate reality gateways, and the [[WaveMotionGun Dimension Cannon]]. Clearly none of this is possible with science as we know it.
* ''PastelDefenderHeliotrope'' presents us ''chatoyanics'' the study of ''chatoyance''. A form of radiation energy particular to the physics of that universe.
* ''Webcomic/FairyDust'' 's doctors have dozens of fantasy races' biology to puzzle through.
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[[folder:Web Original]]
* In the ''GlobalGuardiansPBEMUniverse'', Dr. Karl Archeville is a MultidisciplinaryScientist with degrees in several subjects, including "Hypertechnology", "Metabiology", and "Intertransferral Physics". That is, the study of technology that's beyond cutting edge, the study of the biology of superhumans, and the study of interdimensional energy sources.
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[[folder:Western Animation]]
* From ''WesternAnimation/FostersHomeForImaginaryFriends'', a couple of nerds were trying to start the scientific field of Figmentology, since imaginary friends are real on that show.
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Wakfu}}'', the lost tech of the [[{{Precursors}} Eliatropes]] is described as "magical science". Nox, the BigBad of season 1, is also such a fantastic scientist, studying the principles behind [[LifeForce the wakfu]] and time magic to attempt TimeTravel. Even before finding the [[AmplifierArtifact Eliacube]], as a humble clockmaker he was able to built a flying pocket watch -- which just lacked a durable power source.
* Dr. Thaddeus Venture, among other characters on ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'', is a self-classified "super scientist", despite never having finished his degree.
* Twilight Sparkle shows signs of this in ''MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'', especially when she hooks up Pinkie Pie to a monitoring device to gather 'scientific' data on how Pinkie is able to predict the future outside of real magic. Fanfic authors have naturally run with this version, ranging from MadScientist (with lab as shown in the episode) to conducting elaborate experiments (and blowing up things, of course). One even had [[DoctorWho The Doctor]] nod in appreciation of what she did to an Equestrian ''computer''.
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