[[quoteright:92:[[Webcomic/SluggyFreelance http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/basphomy.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:92:Emphasis by Focus]]

Sometimes the animation team for an {{anime}} or video game, or the artist of a comic, will draw (or generate, on more recent shows) a shot that looks as if it had been filmed on a set with an actual camera using an unusual lens or other [[CameraTricks camera trick]]. In addition to giving the moment a special emphasis, when well done the result looks enough like the corresponding live-action film moment that the viewer is not likely to consciously notice it. Alternatively, it can be used for a film-within-the-film, such as an out-of-focus effect to show amateur film-making, or scratch effects to indicate old film. Admittedly, this has become easier in recent years with the advent of computer-assisted and -generated animation, but the stylistic technique first appeared years ago, when such distortions and effects had to be meticulously created by hand.

This can also be used in comics, as the page image illustrates.

Common types of FalseCameraEffects include [[LensFlare lens flares]], FishEyeLens shots, wide-angle shots, simulated scanning lines, and the VertigoEffect. If the action bumps or shakes the "camera", it's CameraAbuse. OminousVisualGlitch can be related. Most often, these effects are replicated because of TheCoconutEffect - we think of a blurry screen as being "what disorientation looks like", even if our actual ''eyes'' [[RealityIsUnrealistic don't work that way]] (with the exception of "false" Fish Eye Lens shots, which use a type of [[UsefulNotes/GraphicalPerspective drawn perspective]] that replicates the curved shape of the retina instead).

See also {{Retraux}}.

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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]
* The first episode of ''Manga/AhMyGoddess'' (the newer one) had scan lines scroll across a television that was depicted, as if the frame rate of the TV didn't match the frame rate of the "film".
* ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'' had a promotional short available for download, ''[[http://youtube.com/watch?v=LEwUEXOiaS0 Azumanga Web Daioh]]''. It's presented as a video project made by one of the characters using a hand-held cam.
* In ''Manga/BlackLagoon'', there are impact shudders at points of the chase between Revy and Roberta.
* ''DennouCoil'' often used very subdued JitterCam effects when a horror element presented itself.
* Episode 1 of ''VisionOfEscaflowne'' includes {{Lens Flare}}s in outdoor shots when Hitomi is practicing track and field.
* ''Anime/FullmetalAlchemist'' uses a false-focus effect so often you don't even realize that animation isn't supposed to work that way.
* ''GakuenUtopiaManabiStraight'' loves to use [[FishEyeLens fish-eye lenses]].
* Episode 1 of ''MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha'' includes a brief sequence of Nanoha running that is made to look like it was filmed with a hand-held camera.
* In episode 6 of ''MidoriNoHibi'' there is a moment when Shiori is speaking about her mother in heaven; it's presented using a pseudo-FishEyeLens, shot from above down into Shioiri's face.
* ''MoribitoGuardianOfTheSpirit'' uses this in episode one. When one character dives into a river to save another and goes under, the camera pans across the river, only to suddenly stop and whip back as the character surfaces, having skipped over her.
* "Yura Yura" the last opening for the original ''{{Naruto}}'' series uses this.
* Satoshi Kon enjoyed using effects in ''Anime/ParanoiaAgent''. His AuthorAvatar lampshades it somewhat in the ''Paprika''. Both the show and the movie employed shaky-cam, false focus and depth of field shifts.
* Most of the NonIndicativeFirstEpisode of ''SuzumiyaHaruhi'' consists of a [[ShowWithinAShow fake amateur science fiction movie]] filmed on a camcorder by the main characters, including jump cuts with non-matching sound, characters appearing out of frame, production crew wandering ''into'' frame, and the whole thing appearing in 4:3 aspect ratio, where the rest of the series is in 16:9. The animators even added the slightly grainy quality of many lower-cost camcorders, and out-of-focus shots. Even later on in the series, there would be the occasional FishEyeLens shot. The producers even used cheap-sound synthesized music to create the effect of a cheap high school background music production.
* ''LightNovel/{{Baccano}}'' has a scene where water droplets splatter the camera lens.
* ''Anime/TsukuyomiMoonPhase'' does it but not with the camera itself, instead a spotlight and microphone are visible during some scenes.
* ''LightNovel/SakurasouNoPetNaKanojo'' anime adaptation has several uses of the FishEyeLens in its third episode.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]
* In the ''ElfQuest'' story ''Recognition'' there are two instances in which two adjacent panels show the same view, but one has the foreground blurred, the other the background, simulating a changed focus of a camera. [[http://www.elfquest.com/gallery/OnlineComics/SS2aREC/DisplaySS2aREC.html?page=4]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* In ''Disney/TheLionKing'' a RackFocus is simulated during the "Circle of Life" sequence (the shot with the ants and the zebras). There is also a simulated TrackingZoom when Simba sees the wilderbeest stampede.
* Near the end of ''WesternAnimation/TheIncredibles'', there is a brief JitterCam shot as the Parr family runs from the limo into their house.
* In the Creator/{{Pixar}} film ''WesternAnimation/WallE'', when the title character disturbs a pile of shopping carts, as he runs past the camera point-of-view, there is a brief moment when the image goes out of focus, then quickly back in again.
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[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* In ''Series/BabylonFive'', the CGI shots of the titular space station during the first year used LensFlare to add realism.
* The most famous non-{{anime}} example would have to be ''Series/{{Firefly}}'', which used LensFlare effects and shaky-cam in the CGI-only shots to provide added realism and contribute to the UsedFuture feel.
* The new ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|Reimagined}}'' has this by the truckloads. Nearly every scene "shot" in space has at least one shot with fake camera effects added to make it seem as though a real cameraman was trying to keep up with the action. Cue the ShakyCam, LensFlare, focus adjustments, and various zooming levels as though scanning for objects to pay attention to. And this is a time when CGI itself already looks very lifelike on its own. Best of all is when debris from an explosion seems to hit the camera and break it, in a completely CG shot.
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[[folder:Video Games]]
* If we're talking about lens flares, pretty much every video game since the first Unreal.
** The ''Franchise/MetalGear'' games had more. Looking around in First Person View when outside can give you a lens flare which shifts, brightens and vanishes as you turn your gaze towards and away from the sun - and changes the background noise to make it sound like it was shot through a SteadiCam.
*** If Snake gets hit in ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid4'', the camera gets noisy every time he's struck.
** Both ''VideoGame/{{Penumbra}}'' episodes give off a strong effect if the character looks too long on the monsters around him. Used in gameplay, too, because eventually he'll panic and give himself away.
** Similarly in Call of Cthulhu: Dark Corners of the Earth. Looking at monsters (or down when in high areas) make the vision blurry until it's nearly impossible to see anything. (The character still controls normally, however.)
* ''{{Killzone}} 2'' uses false TV effects. The menu screens mimic the pop, picture shake, and chroma-separation effects of poor-quality [=SDTVs=]. Quite strange to see on this troper's LCD display at first.
* In ''VideoGame/Left4Dead'', not only is there film grain added, but there's even a slider in the options menu to control how much grain you see.
* In the ''VideoGame/{{Thief}}'' series, there is at least one point in ''Deadly Shadows'' used False Camera Effects, right after the mission 'Killing Time'.
* In the beginning of ''VideoGame/{{BioShock|1}}'' when you are swimming through the ocean, there are little water drops on the screen, as if you were looking through a wet camera lens, when in fact you are seeing what the protagonist sees. So unless he is wearing glasses, it makes no sense.
** But damn, it was [[RuleOfCool nifty]].
* VideoGame/{{Bulletstorm}} uses the same 'water on the screen' effect as ''Bioshock'', for the same reason.
* Some of the SceneryPorn-tastic cutscenes in ''{{Okami}}'' use LensFlare to show off how shiny the place is now that you've cleaned it up.
* One of the best examples occurs in the ''MetroidPrime'' series. When the environment is very bright, you'll sometimes see a ghostly reflection of Samus' face on the screen. There are a few other effects, too -- the screen fogs up when near sources of steam, and raindrops dot the screen if you look up in rainy areas. These are all justified because the protagonist really ''is'' supposed to be viewing the world through a piece of glass (She wears a helmet).
* TelltaleGames are using [[{{Retraux}} various downgrades of the visual quality]] lately:
** PuzzleAgent has an intentionally low framerate to match the cartoons it is based on.
** ''VideoGame/SamAndMaxFreelancePolice'' season 3 has a noise filter over the screen at all times.
* When dropping the vehicle in the first ''Franchise/MassEffect'', the camera would use a zoom effect like it was trying to get the perfect zoom on it.
* ''VideoGame/SilentHill2'' adds film grain which makes the movie look more like a J-Horror film. You can disable it in the options menu, but the atmosphere suffers.
* ''KaneAndLynch 2: Dog Days'' includes things like compression artifacts to make the action look like it was shot by a crummy handheld camera or cellphone.
* ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaTheWindWaker'' dims the image whenever the normal third-person camera is pointed directly at the sun, presumably to emulate the effect of a bright light on the image on a digital camera. This effect does not appear when the Telescope, the Picto Box. or bare first-person view is used.
* ''VideoGame/MirrorsEdge'' uses depth of field and motion blurring to give the users a sense of height, distance and speed. The end result can give people with fear of heights a real adrenaline shock.
* In the ''Franchise/KamenRider'' fighting game ''Climax Heroes'', the Showa Kamen Riders[[note]]Those from the 70s and 80s[[/note]] have a special ability that adds a pale sepia tint and film grain to the screen, making it look like a Japanese TV show from the 70s. The effect lasts until they land a special move...at which point the game pauses and a {{Narrator}} gives a short [[{{Exposition}} expository]] speech about the attack, just like in the Showa-era shows.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Animation ]]
* Used extensively in the more recent episodes of ''BananaNanaNinja'' Lens flares and blur effects are common.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/ElGoonishShive''. [[http://www.egscomics.com/?date=2009-08-26 This page]] simulates a RackFocus shot.
* ''Webcomic/GunnerkriggCourt''. Page [[http://www.gunnerkrigg.com/archive_page.php?comicID=334 334]] simulates a RackFocus shot, and pages [[http://www.gunnerkrigg.com/archive_page.php?comicID=337 337]] and [[http://www.gunnerkrigg.com/archive_page.php?comicID=408 408]] simulate a FishEyeLens shot.
* ''Webcomic/QuestionableContent'' [[http://questionablecontent.net/view.php?comic=2110 #2110]] has lens flare, because "lens flares are awesome and if you disagree you are dumb."
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* In the Creator/TexAvery short ''The Magical Maestro'', after the third use of the "rabbits on his hands" gag, a hairline suddenly appears on the bottom left of the screen, as if the filmreel was having problems at that point of the cartoon. After about 30 seconds of this, the opera singer (and the music) abruptly stops to pull it out and throw it away before continuing as if nothing happened. The studio eventually put red stickers on the film cans telling projectionists about the gag so they wouldn't try to clear the hair out of the film gate.
* The pilot for ''WesternAnimation/MoralOrel'' used fake JitterCam for dramatic moments, mainly when [[StepfordSmiler Bloberta]] was alone.
* ''TheSpectre'' DC animated short used a lot of fake frame errors to give it the feel of a 70s thriller.
* The episode [[ShowWithinAShow "Mysterious Mysteries"]] in ''WesternAnimation/InvaderZim'' had some supposed camcorder footage of the title character. It included the camera being dropped and it swtiching to static at the end.
* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/{{Wakfu}}'', the camera is hit by a cannonball and cracked.
* At the ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries'' episode [[Recap/BatmanTheAnimatedSeriesE22JokersFavor "Joker's Favor"]], when the Joker threatens Charlie Collin's family by phone, we see the camera "blurries" on Charlie inside his house while his wife and son scene outside the house "focus" on them, then when he hangs the phone, the focus is on Charlie again. This is ''Emphasis by Focus'', showing the audience that Charlie has to occult the peril he faces from his family, visually showing the DramaticIrony.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/SymBionicTitan'' episode "Under the Three Moons", when we see Kristin practicing her martial arts, there's a shot in which the "camera" appears to shake.
[[/folder]]
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