[[quoteright:314:[[Magazine/{{Mad}} http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/madexecturive_1108.jpg]]]]

%% Source: http://theinvisibleagent.wordpress.com/2009/01/24/mad-magazines-mad-men/

->''"So WesternAnimation/PinkyAndTheBrain [[{{Retool}} share a new domain]].\\
It's what [[Creator/TheWB the network]] wants; [[LampshadeHanging why bother to complain]]?"''
-->-- '''[[BitingTheHandHumor The theme song]]''' to ''WesternAnimation/PinkyElmyraAndTheBrain''

As one person rarely has the financial resources to create and more importantly distribute their own television shows, movies, comics, etc., entertainment is generally produced by corporations. They are the ones that put up the money to see your favorite book turned into TheFilmOfTheBook. [[note]](While an actor gets paid for their services, they're ultimately free agents; Only rarely are financially invested in their work's financial success. Directors, too, exist in a similar situation.)[[/note]] But if what the television network or studio doesn't actually turn a profit [[MoneyDearBoy so they can pay their corporate bills]], the business folds and is likely to take the show with it. So what can you do?

In the end, the bottom line... ''is'' the bottom line; it is the Company's best interest to see that their money is well spent, budgets are kept, and the show gets finished by [[CosmicDeadline Sweeps week]]. Often this means [[ExecutiveVeto vetoing ideas]], or dictating that certain elements be added in. So when the organization [[TheManBehindTheMan behind the creators]] takes a hand in creation you get this trope: The goal of an executive is to try to steer the show into the direction of profitability.

One way in which these traits manifest themselves is for the executive to force changes on a show which he feels is too different or edgy or outmoded, in order to make it "[[MoralGuardians less risky]]" or "more appealing to the audience." "More appealing" often translates into "more action-oriented" or "sexier" or, in the immortal words of Woody Harrelson as Steve Martin's producer in ''Film/LAStory'', "more wacky, less egghead." In many cases, executives are willing to risk [[ViewersAreMorons underestimating viewers' intellects]] and [[ViewersAreGoldfish attention spans]] to avoid confusing them, and pander to the LowestCommonDenominator in order to garner good ratings. However, pushing too hard for tried-and-true formulas and blandly inoffensive writing can result in a show [[SoOkayItsAverage so lacking in distinctive qualities]] that it might have poor chances of maintaining enough audience interest to recoup its production costs.

Sometimes the meddling is because the executive wants the show dead for one reason or another. This [[SpringtimeForHitler can backfire]] and the executive either eats crow, gets replaced, cancels the show ''anyway'' (ratings and revenue be damned), or [[SmallNameBigEgo gets an ego]]. On the flipside, there are instances where the executives' decisions helped ''create'' the show in the first place. For example, it could have been ''through'' ExecutiveMeddling that a work [[NoExportForYou gets a localization in the first place]], or [[SavedFromDevelopmentHell saved from a troubled production]]. It's also possible that an executive is a fan of a work's genre, and decided to join in on it because they can spot any flaws before they happen and guide the writers away from them, using an ExecutiveVeto to tell them not to.

The results [[TropesAreTools are frequently positive]] but are seldom depicted as such by writers; restrictions breed creativity, and frequently the executives are responsible for separating the bad ideas from the good ones and greenlighting the good ones, or simply noticing that something doesn't make sense or won't work for the target audience. Executives aren't always wrong; just like there are good and bad writers, there are executives that are good at their job and executives that are bad, but when does someone doing their job ''right'' get any attention? ([[ChirpingCrickets ....]])

The prevalence of this trope leads people to think ''any'' {{Retool}}s or "JumpTheShark" ordeals are a result of outside influences. There is a DoubleStandard, as the times where Executive Meddling works are rarely reported -- no one complains when the system works. However, when something breaks, everyone knows about it because people try to stop the blame. After all, what director would say "my original idea wasn't that good, but some guy behind a desk gave me one that worked better" rather than "The guy behind the desk is responsible for that pile of crap because he prevented me from doing my original idea"?

Another example of how Executive Meddling may manifest itself is in a game (be it a show, tabletop, video game, etc) where an ObviousRulePatch is released or the rules are updated during the season or mid-season. Some shows didn't cover every loophole and had players abuse it and find perverse incentives. Other times, Executive Meddling helped people actually ''use'' other classes and characters in a game, [[RescuedFromTheScrappyHeap saving them from the scrappy heap]].

Executive Meddling is often the source for {{Enforced Trope}}s.

Problems can be created just as easily from CreatorBreakdown, ProtectionFromEditors, WriterOnBoard or AuthorFilibuster -- things that a reasonable and responsibly meddlesome executive can prevent from ever coming to pass. Quite often whoever you think is responsible is merely {{Misblamed}}.

If the show itself escaped executive meddling, but its time slot is changed around and has zero promotion, then it's ScrewedByTheNetwork.

See also MusicIsPolitics, ViewersAreMorons, CreativeDifferences, ExecutiveVeto, ObviousBeta, MediaWatchdog, MoralGuardians, AlanSmithee, GetBackInTheCloset, ChristmasRushed, and PublisherChosenTitle, FridayNightDeathSlot, and the DumpMonths. Compare WhatCouldHaveBeen, WagTheDirector and DevelopmentHell / {{Vaporware}}. Contrast with GettingCrapPastTheRadar and ProtectionFromEditors. Many a TroubledProduction is caused by this.
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!!Examples

[[/index]]
* ExecutiveMeddling/{{Advertising}}
* ExecutiveMeddling/AnimatedFilms
* ExecutiveMeddling/{{Anime}}
* ExecutiveMeddling/CardGames
* ExecutiveMeddling/ComicBooks
* ExecutiveMeddling/{{Film}}
* ExecutiveMeddling/{{Literature}}
* ExecutiveMeddling/LiveActionTV
* ExecutiveMeddling/{{Music}}
* ExecutiveMeddling/{{Pinball}}
* ExecutiveMeddling/ProfessionalWrestling
* ExecutiveMeddling/{{Sports}}
* ExecutiveMeddling/{{Theatre}}
* ExecutiveMeddling/{{Toys}}
* ExecutiveMeddling/VideoGames
* ExecutiveMeddling/WesternAnimation
* ExecutiveMeddling/{{Other}}
[[/index]]
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