-> ''"I think it's just an Internet rumour. Like how there's a country called '[[UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}} Turkey]]'."''
-->-- '''Walter''', ''Film/{{The Muppets}}''

This is when someone, usually TheDitz or the {{Cloudcuckoolander}}, is ignorant, confused, or ill-informed enough to lump "things that are well known to be real" in with "things that are made up." This is often applied to ethnic groups, but can also include historical characters, countries and animals.

Essentially, ArbitrarySkepticism applied to ''real'' things, likely by someone who CannotTellFictionFromReality, an in-universe occurrence of AluminumChristmasTrees.
A SubTrope of RealityIsUnrealistic.

A SisterTrope to GlobalIgnorance, FlatEarthAtheist.

Compare LegendFadesToMyth, when something that was once considered common knowledge is distorted by the passage of time to the point that it can no longer be believed with 100% certainty. Contrast FaeriesDontBelieveInHumansEither. Not to be confused with CanadaDoesNotExist.



[[folder:Anime & Manga]]
* In ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'', Tomo believed reindeer didn't exist. [[note]]This can be TruthInTelevision as in the SantaClaus mythos, Santa's sleigh is powered by ''flying'' reindeer. Meanwhile, outside the countries they live in, "real" reindeer are not commonly featured in non-Christmas media, or in zoos, etc. When they are, they tend to be called by their other name: caribou (To be exact; North American and Eurasian reindeer are the same species, but North American reindeer are called caribou (from Mi'kmaq ''qalipu'' through French) a lot of the time, and Eurasian reindeer are always called reindeer). From this, many Santa-believing children assume that "reindeer" means a magical deer that can fly, so belief in them eventually goes out the same window as belief in Santa. (Flying caribou, we regret to say, almost certainly ''are'' fantasy.) It also doesn't help that until fairly recently, Santa's "reindeer" were depicted as flying roe deer or white-tailed deer, rather than caribou. These depictions, in some cases ''themselves'' due to the Aluminum Christmas Trees phenomenon, are semi-examples of CallASmeerpARabbit.[[/note]]Naturally, the way Tomo's disbelief in reindeer came up is that the girls had just been discussing Santa. Kagura then asks if reindeer are real, and Tomo proceeds to laugh at her and say they don't exist.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* In an early 90s story, while protecting the son of a Madripoor mafia boss, {{ComicBook/Wolverine}} distracts the kid with the tale of a feral child raised by wolverines in snowy Canada.[[note]]It was implied to the reader that this was Wolverine's own youth, although it was retconned later.[[/note]] The boy doesn't know what snow is, and after an explanation, he refuses to believe it is a real thing.
* ''ComicStrip/KnightsOfTheDinnerTable'': Weird Pete doesn't believe that Papua New Guinea is a real country.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* In ''Fanfic/HarryPotterAndTheNightmaresOfFuturesPast'', Ron pokes fun at Luna Lovegood for having an "imaginary creature" as her Patronus. Luna's patronus was a duck-billed platypus. When Hermione tells Ron that the duck-billed platypus is a real animal, he flatly refuses to believe her. [[note]]In fairness to Ron, scientists in England had the ''exact'' same reaction when the platypus was first described to them.[[/note]]
* ''WebVideo/UltraFastPony'' takes place in a weird version of Equestria where some human ethnicities, like blacks and the Irish, undeniably exist. Nevertheless, the episode "Granny Smith Is Mean" gives us the line:
-->'''Filthy Rich:''' And that was when I figured out, Mexicans aren't even real. So you don't have to be afraid anymore, children.
** And "Pirate Shipping" has:
-->'''Sweetie Belle:''' Yeah, Scootaloo, [[HideYourLesbians the gays]] and [[BrickJoke the Mexicans]] don't exist.
* A running gag in ''Roommates'', a ''VideoGame/FiveNightsAtFreddys'' fanfic by Creator/TheWeaver, is that nobody has ever heard of France or anything French, reacting with bafflement to images of "some kind of A-shaped building" and a special kind of toast. It makes communicating with [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters one of the Freddys]], who has suffered aphasia and now only speaks French[[labelnote:note]]In the original context, his animatronic was set to the wrong default speaking language.[[/labelnote]]...difficult.

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* Hal in ''WesternAnimation/{{Megamind}}'' says this while mocking Roxanne's idealism: "There is no Easter Bunny, there is no Tooth Fairy, and there is no Queen of England!" [[note]]He's [[AccidentallyCorrectWriting technically right:]] There hasn't been a monarch of England since the Acts of Union 1707 united England and Scotland to form Great Britain. Currently, the title is Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.[[/note]]
* ''WesternAnimation/HappyFeetTwo'': Will the Krill believes "black holes" (whales, actually) are myths to keep people in the swarm.
* ''Film/AFairlyOddChristmas'': Denzel Crocker didn't believe in North Pole or polar bears before going there and being chased by one. [[HypocriticalHumor And, yes,]] [[ArbitrarySkepticism this is coming]] from someone who already believes in Fairy Godparents and SantaClaus.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Coco}}'': As Miguel is being escorted to the Land of the Dead with some of his ancestors, he remarks that he always thought the Land of the Dead was just a legend.
-->'''Miguel:''' I thought it might have been one of those made-up things that adults tell kids, like... vitamins.\\
'''Tía Victoria:''' Miguel, vitamins are a real thing.\\
'''Miguel:''' [[ComicallyMissingThePoint Well, now I'm thinking maybe they could be.]]

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* ''The Film Crew'': Kevin Murphy believes in many different fantasy lands, but claims that Spain is a myth.
* ''Film/TheMuppets'': "I think that's just an internet rumour. Like that there's a country called Turkey."
* Somewhat averted in ''Film/LookWhosTalking Too''. Baby Mikey is sitting awake at night scared. He lists various things he's worried about, and that they aren't real. This includes monsters, ghosts, witches, and dinosaurs. He knows that one of them ''used'' to be real, but can't remember which. Justified, since he is a baby.
* In ''Film/TheKingAndI'', the kids have trouble believing that snow is a real thing, until their father the King confirms that it is real. TruthInTelevision, as the Thai language doesn't even have a word for 'frozen' and in the time frame of the setting uneducated Thais would be likely to believe it was made up. The snow subplot is based on an anecdote of Anna Leonowens that the royal children refused to believe snow was real until she asked the King to give a guest lecture on it.
* In ''Film/BackToTheFuture'' Goldie Wilson was working as a simple busboy in a diner, and when he gets the idea to be mayor, the owner scoffs at the idea of a "colored mayor." There had been a number of African American mayors prior to the film's story line, but they numbered less than a half dozen, and were in charge of small rural towns, it was not until the 1960s' that an African American was elected mayor in a city. [[note]]Carl Stokes in Cleveland (1967), in case you're curious.[[/note]]
* The documentary ''Film/LifeAnimated'' relates the real-life story of child with UsefulNotes/HighFunctioningAutism who basically used the Franchise/DisneyAnimatedCanon as a TranslatorBuddy between himself and the rest of the world. At the time the movie was made, the child had become an adult in a relationship, and his older brother was interviewed wondering how he's supposed to use Disney movies to give him TheTalk. At some point he mentions the concept of "Disney Porn" as if he finds it unlikely to exist. Two words: Rule34.
* A BrickJoke in ''Film/ShaunOfTheDead'' is an argument between Shaun and Ed whether or not the rifle at the Winchester is real. The owner says it is, but he also says dogs can't look up. [[spoiler:After the rifle fires, proving Ed right...]]
--> '''Shaun:''' Alright. But dogs ''can'' look up!

* ''Literature/CatherineCalledBirdy'': Birdy's uncle comes back from the Crusades and tells them about all the wonderful things he's seen, like gryphons and unicorns and something called "an elephant, with a tail at each end". Birdy thinks he's making that last one up.
* In ''Literature/ASeriesOfUnfortunateEvents'', when Count Olaf meets Dewey Denouement in Book the Twelfth, he is surprised he isn't just a legendary figure like unicorns or Music/GiuseppeVerdi.
* In more than one Creator/DanielPinkwater novel, as a throwaway joke, a character claims that UsefulNotes/LosAngeles does not exist.
* In the book ''The Enormous Egg'' (wherein a kid in rural New Hampshire finds one of his family's chickens laid a dinosaur egg), one of Nate's friends says that dinosaurs never existed - some guys found some big bones and made up stories about them.
* In the Creator/PiersAnthony story "Possible To Rue", a young boy's pleas for a pet pegasus leads his father to look the animal up in the encyclopedia and show that they're mythical. So are unicorns. To the father's astonishment, so are zebras, mules, and even horses, which he distinctly remembers placing bets on. It's implied that, by denying zebras are real to avoid having to buy one, the father has inadvertently begun erasing these creatures from the universe.
* In Creator/PamelaDean's ''Literature/TheSecretCountry'', five children have [[WorldBuilding made up a fairytale world]] where magic is real. They argue as to whether it's proper to have a Secret Country villain who doesn't believe in magic. Patrick, a materialist, says that would be as foolish as someone in the real world not believing in the law of gravity. His smartass sister Ellen promptly declares that she doesn't believe in the law of gravity.[[spoiler: When they are in the real Secret Country, they find this man really doesn't believe in magic, he thinks it's all tricks and illusions.]]
* ''Literature/DaveBarrySleptHere'', in the chapter on UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, claims that that Serbia "did not, technically, exist," even at the time that Austro-Hungary made the mistake of trying to invade it.
* In ''Literature/TheSilverChair'', the Lady of the Green Kirtle claims not to believe in lions or any other aspect of the outside world. She's lying, but she nearly bewitches the overlanders into agreeing with her. (This is a typical Creator/CSLewis allegory; in order to describe Narnia to the Lady, they have to do so in terms of things that she ''does'' accept the existence of, allowing her to dismiss it with "So you made up a bigger version of a cat, and called it a lion", in the same way as heaven can only be described in terms of the mortal world.)
* In ''Literature/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy1'', Arthur Dent is forced to deal with the reality of the Earth having been destroyed by the Vogon Constructor Fleet.
-->''New York has gone. No reaction. He’d never seriously believed it existed anyway.''
* John Hodgman's ''Literature/TheAreasOfMyExpertise'' has a running gag that Chicago is a myth, mostly as a joke on [[BigApplesauce how very New York the author's sensibilities are]]. Revisited in the follow-up ''Literature/ThatIsAll'', [[spoiler: when the mythical city rises at last from the swamp during the [[MayanDoomsday End Times of 2012]].]]
* Humorist Robert Benchley wrote an article called "Movie Boners" (back then, [[HaveAGayOldTime "boner" meant "mistake"]]) where he listed various mistakes from (obviously fictitious) movies. One example was "In the picture called 'Dr. Tanner Can't Eat' there is a scene laid in Budapest. There is no such place as Budapest." A reader failed to get the joke and wrote a letter to Benchley, criticizing him for not knowing that Budapest is the capital of Hungary. So Benchley wrote another article, "What - No Budapest?", where he asserted: "There is no such place as Budapest. Perhaps you are thinking of Bucharest, and there is no such place as Bucharest, either."
* In ''Discworld/TheLastContinent'' there's been a millennia-long drought in [=FourEcks=]. Some of the settlers have grandparents who say that in TheOldCountry water used to fall out of the sky, but everyone who grew up there thinks that's ridiculous.
* In the Franchise/StarWars ExpandedUniverse book ''Med Star I: Battle Surgeons'' cruel, arrogant martial artist Phow Ji refuses to believe in the Force, even when Barriss levitates something using telekinesis right in front of his face, claiming it's just a trick. This disbelief (plus a lot of his contempt towards Jedi) stems from one Jedi playing fair in a martial arts contest by not using the Force, allowing Ji to beat him.
* ''Literature/KateShugak'': In ''Less Than a Treason'', Kate encounters a thug who thinks that wolves are extinct and don't exist anywhere outside of Disney films. He is considerably shocked when his partner is attacked by one.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* In a ChristmasEpisode of ''Series/TheMiddle'', Brick explains that Eskimos know how to put a fire in an igloo, only for Axl to snap that back that Eskimos aren't real, but are made-up creatures like leprechauns.
* There's a ''Series/{{Bones}}'' episode involving the search for a rumored pirate treasure. Zack expresses surprise that Hodgins believes in pirates, and Hodgins snarks back that they're not Santa.
* In ''Series/TheOfficeUS'', Kevin thinks that mummies are fictitious monsters from the horror genre, and expresses surprise and fear when people tell him that they exist and there are some in a local museum.
* In ''Series/{{Episodes}}'', a group of Hollywood TV executives discuss a potential premise for their network's vampire style show. Many ideas are mentioned, culminating in Myra recommending the paranormal creatures in their show should be Gypsies. She recommends it twice, before somebody tells her that Gypsies are real.
* In ''Series/{{Scorpion}}'', Ray books the team on a flight to San Jose, Costa Rica, instead of San Jose, California, because he says that San Jose, CA is just a myth; it isn't real, like Tallahassee. When told that that's a real place, too, he doesn't believe it.
* In ''Series/ParksAndRecreation'', April's job as secretary is to prevent people from meeting Ron. Unfortunately, she schedules all of his meetings for March 31st, under the mistaken belief that "March 31st" isn't a real date.
* ''Series/WillAndGrace'':
** Semi-example, Karen about an ex-gay group:
--->'''Karen:''' Honey, this is a cult! Yeah! Like the Moonies or the homeless.
** She later repeats this line to Grace about Alcoholics Anonymous, again referencing the Moonies, but this time adding "the homosexuals or the elderly."
* ''Series/HowIMetYourMother'':
** On an episode, Robin believed that the North Pole and reindeer were made up. This is especially weird considering [[CanadaEh where she's from]].[[note]]Reindeer are native to Canada (though usually called caribou - the term reindeer is used for the Scandinavian and Siberian populations), and the ''magnetic'' north pole is under the Canadian Northern Archipelago. The ''geographical'' North Pole is claimed by several countries including Canada, US, Norway, Denmark, and Russia.[[/note]]
** In a later episode, Robin's boyfriend Nick reveals that he thought gypsies "were just made up, like goblins, or trolls, or dolphins."
* Pretty common on ''Series/{{Community}}'' due to the various nut jobs involved.
** When Chang announces his plan to set fire to the school, he scoffs at how it'll be dangerous: "Fire can't go through walls! It's not ghosts!
* On ''Series/HopeAndFaith'', Faith suggests paying for an expensive car by taking money out of the kids' college fun. "Come on, Justin isn't going to get to college! He thinks there's a place called ''New'' Mexico!"
* In ''Series/{{Zoey 101}}'', Michael tries to convince Chase that reindeer aren't real.
* In ''Series/{{Friends}}'':
** Joey and Chandler are both interested in a visiting Dutch woman. Chandler gets an edge by "guessing" that Dutch people come from somewhere near the Netherlands (the place they really come from). Joey responds, "Nice try. See, the Netherlands are this make-believe place where Peter Pan and Tinkerbell come from" , apparently having confused the Netherlands with [[Literature/PeterPan Neverland]].
** When Chandler claims that he's moving to Yemen to get rid of Janice, Joey says "'Yemen,' that actually sounds like a real country!"
** When Ross becomes obsessed with naming all 50 states, Joey looks at his list and says: "First of all, Utah? Dude, you can't just make stuff up!" And that one comes after Joey lists 56 states, including NewEngland and South Oregon.
--->'''Joey''': How can New England not be a state? They have a sports team!
--->'''Chandler''': Does "South Oregon" have a sports team?
--->''(Joey glares at Chandler for a second, then scratches it off his list.)''
** And the one when Joey and Chandler are fighting over the name of Phoebe's baby.
--->'''Joey''': Oh! Oh-oh, you gotta pick Joey! I mean, name one famous person named Chandler.
--->'''Chandler''': Creator/RaymondChandler.
--->'''Joey''': Someone you didn't make up!
* During an episode of ''Series/MyNameIsEarl'', Randy tries to make a list of famous rich people he and his brother could borrow from, like ''Series/TheBeverlyHillbillies''. Earl points out that they're fictional TV characters, "just like ComicBook/RichieRich and Creator/DonaldTrump".
* In ''Series/BoyMeetsWorld'', when Mr. Feeny starts lecturing about the Hutus and the Tutsis, Cory and Shawn find the peoples' names so weird that they are convinced he can't be talking about real people and has run out of real subjects and is now making it up.
* On the Australian version of ''Radio/TheUnbelievableTruth'', Shane Jacobson was giving a lecture on Vikings when Sam Simmons claimed that he'd always thought Vikings were mythical.
* In ''Series/PowerRangersNinjaStorm'', the MonsterOfTheWeek Boxing Bop-a-roo had a bad case of SesquipedalianLoquaciousness, which annoyed the rest of the villains. Lothor eventually started a [[SwearJar Made-Up Word Jar]], indicating that he didn't realize they were real words.
* In a ''Series/TheDailyShow'' segment satirically examining the "over-commercialization" of Hanukkah, John Oliver refers to the occasion as the "holiest of holy days" and is corrected by his (Jewish) guest. Oliver asks him to name one holier, and responds to Yom Kippur with, "Oh, now you're just making up words."
* In one episode of ''Series/ThirtyRock'', Tracy believes that Diabetes is a white myth, "Like Larry Bird, or Colorado." In another episode, his entourage isn't there when he needs them because one of them had to go to the optometrist, and his response is, "Making up words won't save you!"
* In an episode of ''Series/{{Scrubs}}'', one of the interns is mentioned to be in an elaborate game involving a bar trivia machine. He's later seen arguing about his performance. "There's no way there was a president named [[UsefulNotes/JamesGarfield Garfield]]!"
* In ''Series/TheITCrowd'', Mr Reynholm is interviewed. His favorite non-fictional character is SherlockHolmes. When he's told that Sherlock is fictional, he tells the interviewer to check her facts. She decides to ask him who his favorite fictional character is, which turns out to be Film/TheElephantMan.
* [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=htFPERYeq0k Came up on an episode]] of the Australian version of ''Series/FamilyFeud'', when a contestant admitted she had once believed that ''flamingos'' were mythical until she saw them on one of Creator/DavidAttenborough's shows. Her excuse was that she had previously only seen them in cartoons such as ''Disney/AliceInWonderland''.
* An episode of ''Series/KickSumMaths'' had an architect who did not believe in following conventional rules (including geometry) being interviewed. When asked if his building will contain any parallelograms, he replies "You just made that word up!"
* In ''Series/LegendsOfTomorrow'', Vixen considers ninjas to be completely fictional. Granted, the pop culture versions are inaccurate, but they really did exist. She later admits she's wrong when the group time travels to Feudal Japan and they encounter ninjas and samurai.

[[folder:Newspaper Comics]]
* ''ComicStrip/GetFuzzy'':
** Bucky tries to tell Satchel that Hawaii is a myth perpetrated by the Liberal Media. When Rob informed him otherwise, he reacted with genuine surprise, "It is?? Then why the %*(# DON'T WE LIVE THERE?"
** There's also the time after Satchel's game show, where Bucky states how he believes the ''Harry Potter'' books to be lies. When Rob questions whether he is "breaking the story that magic doesn't exist," Bucky responds with "What? No, magic exists, I saw a thing on TV. But trains?... Owls?... ENGLAND? Nice try, I'm not buyin' it." Cue two-hour argument between Rob and Bucky over the existence of England (Canada and Greece, too).
** In a later strip, Bucky again claims that Owls are a myth, like Abominable Snowmen or Southern Democrats.
* ''ComicStrip/{{Peanuts}}'': Lucy Van Pelt once spent several strips mocking Charlie Brown for telling her that birds fly south for the winter: "In all my life, Charlie Brown, I have never met anyone with an imagination like yours!" When Chuck insisted, and also added that they fly north during the summer, Lucy sarcastically retorted that they must fly east during the spring and west during the fall. Then she pressed the issue further with "Chickens are birds, aren't they?! You never see a chicken flying south for the winter, do you?! CHICKENS ARE BIRDS, AREN'T THEY?!" Eventually Lucy learned (from a third party) that Charlie Brown was right about (some) birds flying south for the winter, and had to eat crow.

* One of Jeremy Hardy's surreal rants on ''Radio/TheNewsQuiz'':
-->'''Jeremy:''' America isn't a real place. Think of all the Americans you've heard of: John Wayne, Demi Moore; they're all actors!
* In the ''Radio/CabinPressure'' episode "Timbuktu", Mr. Birling pays MJN Air to take him to the eponymous city so that he can prove to his wife that it exists. While Timbuktu does, in fact, exist, a civil war in Mali prevents the characters from going there, leading to the implementation of a ZanyScheme.
* In Creator/StanFreberg's ''Christmas Dragnet'' a man named Grudge doesn't believe in Santa Claus, the Easter Bunny, [[UsefulNotes/ChristopherColumbus Columbus]], or Cincinnati, and "ain't made up [his] mind yet about Toledo." By the end police detectives have shown him the error of his ways in regards to Santa, the Easter Bunny, Columbus, and Cincinnati; but he still ain't made up his mind about Toledo.
* In an episode of ''Quote, Unquote'', Creator/AnthonyHorowitz, asked to identify which musical about a famous fictional character the song "The Impossible Dream" came from, suggested ''Music/{{Evita}}''. It's possible he just misunderstood the question, rather than believing Eva Peron was fictional.

* Invoked in ''Theatre/RosencrantzAndGuildensternAreDead'', when Rosencrantz claims not to believe in England, meaning he has no mental picture of what's going to happen once they get there, and Guildenstern sarcastically replies "Just a conspiracy of cartographers, you mean?" Later they have the same exchange [[IronicEcho in reverse]].

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* In the ''Fable of the Swan'' TieInNovel for ''TabletopGame/ChuubosMarvelousWishGrantingEngine'', everyone is convinced Russia isn't a real place, leading to an incredibly awkward scene where Jasmine tries to explain this to Natalia, who ''is Russian''.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* In ''VideoGame/TeamFortress2'', the Soldier may taunt the Demoman by saying "Scotland is ''not'' a real country! ''You'' are an Englishman in a dress!" While he could be referring to how Scotland is governed as part of the United Kingdom instead of a sovereign state (although it is ''still'' technically considered a different country), it took [[{{Cloudcuckoolander}} Soldier]] several ''years'' to figure out he was in Poland instead of Germany, making this trope much more likely.
* In ''VideoGame/ToTheMoon'', Johnny mentions lies that adults made up in his childhood memories:
-->'''Johnny:''' Santa, the Easter Bunny, kangaroos...
* The ''VideoGame/SaintsRowGatOutOfHell'' launch trailer claimed that William Shakespeare was a fictional character from all those movies about poems and love.
* In ''VideoGame/TheDarksideDetective'', Dooley believes in alien visitations and government conspiracies, but thinks germs are a made-up thing that only happens in movies.

[[folder:Web Animation]]
* ''Machinima/RedVsBlue'' Episode 2:
-->'''Grif:''' No, like a puma. It's a big cat, like a lion.\\
'''Sarge:''' You're making that up.\\
(''and later...'')\\
'''Sarge:''' (''pointing at the front of the Warthog'') Look, see these two hooks? They look like tusks, and what kind of animal has tusks?\\
'''Grif:''' A walrus.\\
'''Sarge:''' Didn't I just tell you to stop making up animals?!
* ''WebAnimation/HomestarRunner'': In the WebAnimation/StrongBadEmail "highschool", Strong Bad plays the group skeptic in a [[AmateurSleuth Teen Super Sleuth]] parody, and insists "There's no such thing as 'mysterious'."

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''WebComic/{{Chainsawsuit}}'' has a strip appropriately named "[[http://chainsawsuit.com/comic/archive/2012/04/12/the-australia-hoax/ The Australia Hoax]]".
* Played for bleak tenderness, rather than comedy, in the ''Webcomic/DaisyOwl'' strip "[[http://www.daisyowl.com/comic/2008-12-10 Cooper's Bad Dream]]."
* ''Webcomic/FullFrontalNerdity'': Nelson insists that anyone who functions as a corporate mascot doesn't exist. [[http://ffn.nodwick.com/?p=1186 He includes Steve Jackson among them.]]

[[folder:Web Original]]
* ''Website/NotAlwaysRight'' has a few examples:
** [[https://notalwaysright.com/not-one-of-historys-mysteries/7038 Native Americans (and cowboys)]]
** [[https://notalwaysright.com/watashi-whaaa/7331 Japan]]
** [[https://notalwaysright.com/rufus-is-stranger-than-fiction/12985 Hairless rats]]
** [[https://notalwaysright.com/it-was-a-one-horned-fabulous-purple-people-lover/23261 Gay people]]
** [[https://notalwaysright.com/gotta-carveem-all/37617 Narwhals]]
** [[https://notalwaysright.com/so-pho-so-crazy/8857 This]] guy seems to believe that Vietnamese people don't exist anymore because they were all killed in the Vietnam War.
** [[https://notalwaysright.com/watching-much-pirates-caribbean/103253/ Pirates]]; the woman in this tale seems to think that ghosts are at least as plausible as pirates, if not moreso.
* There is a Website/DarwinAwards Honorable Mention for [[http://darwinawards.com/personal/personal2003-08.html a British soldier in Canada]], who lept over a fence clearly signposted with instructions to keep out because of the buffaloes, despite the begging from everyone else there not to do it, because he was convinced that American buffalo don't exist. He probably misinterpreted the common meme that American buffalo aren't buffalo (they are in the same genus as European bison), as meaning that the animals in question don't exist.[[note]]Of course, American buffalo ''are'' buffalo, since that's what they're called in most of their range and scientists use binomial nomenclature to avoid any ambiguity. They actually have far more right to the name than Eurasian water-buffalo do—French explorers in the New World independently named the large bovines they found "big ox", just like Portuguese explorers in Africa 50 years earlier did; the Eurasian water-buffalo is no more closely related to African buffalo than American bison are, but unlike the American one it ''wasn't'' independently named, it was [[CallASmeerpARabbit named after the African one]].[[/note]] It ended extremely badly for him, although non-fatally.
* Invoked in one episode of ''Podcast/HouseToAstonish'' where they look at the entry for the Netherlands in the ''ComicBook/OfficialHandbookOfTheMarvelUniverse'', and treat it like any other ''Official Handbook'' entry.
* In one discussion on Website/IMDb, a poster was astonished to discover that ''Series/MacGyver'' was an actual show, having assumed that it was something invented for ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''.
** Similarly, ''Series/TheSecretDiaryOfDesmondPfeiffer'' has been assumed to have been made up by ''WesternAnimation/ClerksTheAnimatedSeries'' - as seen in the WebVideo/DVDRHell review, an IMDb user posted a thread asking "This is real??", to which Creator/BradJones replied, "Yes, it is real, and we let it go to air."
* In ''Podcast/WelcomeToNightVale'', the majority of the townsfolk, at the urging of the secret police, do not believe in mountains. (This is often mentioned in the same breath as the similar disbelief by fiat in angels, which if anything is even more absurd, since a given resident will far more often encounter angels than mountains.)
-->'''Cecil:''' She was then heard to deny the sky, the existence of a living deity, and eggs. "Eggs aren't real," she said. "Nuh-uh. Show me an egg. That's not an egg! Who let you in here?"
* As collected by ''Website/{{Snopes}}'', [[http://www.snopes.com/business/money/tacobell.asp one of the funnier stories]] achieving MemeticMutation is the one about a guy who went into a Taco Bell with a $50 bill and a $2 bill and attempted to pay with the $2, but had the cops called on him because none of the employees thought $2 bills were real.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb'' CharacterBlog ''Doofenshmirtz's Daily Dirt,'' [[MadScientist Doof]] lists UsefulNotes/AbrahamLincoln among "fictional characters" that people cosplay as.
* WebVideo/JonTron, after playing ''VideoGame/ClockTower'', assures himself that the Scissorman is all make believe because [[ComicallyMissingThePoint there's no such thing as scissors.]]
** During his review of ''VideoGame/ZooRace'', he points out that Pirates and Ancient Egyptians were from different times and that one of them might not have existed at all. Whether he was talking about the former or the latter is unknown.
* The Wiki/SCPFoundation has [[http://www.scp-wiki.net/scp-1173 SCP-1173]], The Islamic Republic of Eastern Samothrace. Which is either an example of Eskimos Aren't Real that convinces you it's a example of {{Qurac}}, or an example of Qurac that convinces you that it's an example of Eskimos Aren't Real.
* From [[http://www.cracked.com/article_22022_5-video-game-adaptations-that-botched-sources-message.html?wa_user1=2&wa_user2=Movies+%26+TV&wa_user3=article&wa_user4=feature_module this]] {{Cracked}} article, discussing the [[GenreShift rather odd]] video game sequel to ''VideoGame/TheGoonies'':
-->"[[OurMermaidsAreDifferent Mermaids]] aren't real. Neither are [[OurDragonsAreDifferent dragons]], {{golem}}s, and [[OurGhostsAreDifferent ghosts]], but the Fratellis apparently control all of those things anyway. They also recruit an Eskimo gang to throw axes at Mikey, because some poor developer got confused and thought Eskimos were mythical creatures."
** Another [[http://www.cracked.com/personal-experiences-1562-8-facts-about-vietnam-war-i-learned-as-viet-cong.html article]] written by a former Viet Cong fighter describes his group's shock at finding a squad of dead African-American soldiers.
-->"We thought they must have been charred by an explosion until we realized their skin was ''naturally black''. None of us had seen a black person before. Some people thought they were myths."
* Nonsensopedia, the polish version of Wiki/{{Uncyclopedia}}, jokingly insists that Albania [[http://nonsensopedia.wikia.com/wiki/Albania is made-up by some unspecified conspiracy]].
* There's an [[MemeticMutation infamous]] ''{{Website/Reddit}}'' post by a person who grew up believing that Finland isn't a real country, explaining that his parents convinced him that Finland was in was just an elaborate conspiracy [[MakesJustAsMuchSenseInContext created by Japan to get around fishing regulations.]] The post eventually led to the creation of an entire (satirical) subreddit dedicated to exposing the "Finland conspiracy".

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
** Homer does it in "Treehouse of Horror IV":
--->'''Homer:''' Lisa, vampires are make-believe, just like elves, gremlins, and Eskimos.
** In another episode, Bart refers to Music/MichaelJackson on a list of fictional things adults make up to scare children. Interestingly, in an [[NegativeContinuity earlier episode]] Bart was a big Michael Jackson fan.
** In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' where they find the skeleton of what looks like an angel, Lisa postulates via ImagineSpot that it may be a [[AllCavemenWereNeanderthals Neanderthal]] who had been attacked by two big fish biting each of his arms simultaneously.
--->'''Wiggum:''' Everybody's heard of an angel, who ever heard of a "neanderthal?"
** In the same episode:
--->'''Lisa:''' If you believe in angels, why not unicorns, or elves, or leprechauns?
--->'''Kent Brockman:''' Oh that's ridiculous Lisa; everyone knows leprechauns are extinct!
** Combined with GirlfriendInCanada in another episode. At an ice-skating event, Moe insists that all figure skaters are gay. Professional ice-skater Elvis Stojko points out that this is a common misconception as he has a girlfriend in Vancouver, to which Moe retorts, "Made up girlfriend, made up city."
** When Homer reads a bird watchers' guide, he's surprised to learn that [[WesternAnimation/WileECoyoteAndTheRoadrunner roadrunners]] are real.
** In "The Great Money Caper" Marge gets drunk on a Long Island Ice Tea and remarks:
--->'''Marge:''' I'd like to visit that Long Island Place, if only it were real.
** Principal Skinner once got in trouble for refusing to give a Jewish student the day off because he thought Yom Kippur was a made-up holiday.
** When Lisa scolds Homer that ham, bacon, and pork all come from the same animal he mockingly responds "oh yes Lisa, a wonderful, magical animal."
* ''WesternAnimation/TheVentureBrothers'':
** In "Ghosts of the Sargasso" Hank speculates that if pirates are real, Santa and the Tooth Fairy could be real. Brock points out that no-one said pirates weren't real.
--->'''Hank:''' So you agree with me that this is impossible!
** A possible example is when Dr. Venture denies the Monarch's claim that if he dumped them in a river, fish called candiru would crawl up their pee-holes. It's not entirely clear if Venture is saying candiru ''themselves'' don't exist (they do), or just saying the idea of them crawling into a human's bodily orifice is a myth (which it is).
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'', after Bender has a nightmare:
-->'''Bender:''' What an awful dream! [[ZeroesAndOnes 1s and 0s]] everywhere! '''(shudder)''' And I thought I saw a 2.\\
'''Fry:''' It was just a dream, Bender. There's no such thing as 2.
* From the ''WesternAnimation/GarfieldAndFriends'' episode "It Must Be True":
-->'''Garfield:''' There's no such place as Wyoming. Think about it. Have you ever met anyone from Wyoming?
* ''WesternAnimation/InvaderZim''
** After [[ParanormalInvestigation Dib]] proves that "Chickenfoot" is a fraud.
-->'''Reporter 1:''' I bet this means [[BigfootSasquatchAndYeti Bigfoot]] is a fraud too!\\
'''Reporter 2:''' And [[FlyingSaucer UFOs.]]\\
'''Reporter 1:''' And [[TheLastOfTheseIsNotLikeTheOthers hobos.]]\\
'''Dib:''' No wait! Those are real! Except the hobos. Wait, no. They're real. I... I guess. But- [[SurroundedByIdiots what's wrong with you people!?!]]
** Likewise [[{{Cloudcuckoolander}} Bill]], a paranormal investigator who believes that cereal mascots are real, nevertheless insists that dinosaurs are a fraud.
* In ''WesternAnimation/TheAdventuresOfJimmyNeutronBoyGenius'', Carl and Sheen are positive that ancient Egyptian curses are a myth, just like the Loch Ness Monster and North Dakota. And permanent records.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheFairlyOddParents'':
** In one episode, a giant squid is treated as a mythical creature... [[TheCloudCuckooLanderWasRight until one actually shows up]]. Possibly a reference to the fact that the giant squid used to be considered a cryptid, and scientific evidence only started emerging in the past century or so. A giant squid was not photographed alive until 2004.
** Back when Timmy used to claim the stuff his Fairy Godparents gave him came from the Internet, there was one episode his parents assumed he stole the stuff from Wall 2 Wall Mart. When Timmy first used the Internet excuse, Timmy's Dad asked where Timmy got the internet.
** Timmy's Mom just discovered that Uzbekistan is a real country and not a made-up comedy word.
* In ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad'', when Stan tries searching for Oliver North's gold, Francine tells him it's just a myth, "Like unicorns or speed reading."
** In "Irregarding Steve", Roger loses his and Steve's money in what he believes to be the Hollywood Stock Exchange.
-->'''Steve:''' This is the ''New York'' Stock Exchange!
-->'''Roger:''' Like in the movie ''Film/WallStreet''?! I thought that was Hollywood make-believe, like children of every color being at the same [=McDonald's=]!
* While he doesn't actually believe this, Mr. Krabs of ''WesternAnimation/SpongeBobSquarePants'' at one point cracks in front of the police while trying to keep them out of his freezer, leading to this quote.
-->'''Mr. Krabs:''' There's no ice! There's never been any ice! Ice is just a myth!
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Metalocalypse}}'':
** The guys don't like that Toki has befriended Dr. Rockso the Rock and Roll Clown and has him over -- Nathan angrily exclaims "There's no such things as clowns!!!"
** When Murderface seeks for meaning through religion, Skwisgaar declares that he doesn't believe in religion. No, he doesn't mean that he personally is not religious, he means that he doesn't believe religion ''exists''.
--->'''Skwisgaar:''' Pfft! This is dildos. Doesn't he knows there's no such things as religion?\\
'''Nathan:''' You mean ''you'' don't believe in ''God''. There is such thing as religion.\\
'''Skwisgaar:''' Well then proves it! Show me a, uh... miracles that religion exists!\\
'''Nathan:''' Well, um, you know, there's... the Bible right there. ''[points at a copy of the Bible on the floor]''\\
'''Skwisgaar:''' Welllll... maybe I re... evaluates... my life, then.
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Detentionaire}}'', Cam doesn't believe in hypnotism, claiming it is "movie and comic book stuff."
* On ''WesternAnimation/AdventureTime'' [[ElementalEmbodiment Flambo]], a catlike creature made out of fire, insists that ninjas "ain't real for nothing no-how."
* On ''WesternAnimation/ElTigre'', Manny explains that he doesn't find the Day of the Dead as fun as he did as a child because he doesn't believe in spirits or the Land of the Dead anymore, believing it to be a made-up place "like {{Atlantis}}, or [[UsefulNotes/{{France}} France]]".
* ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyG3'' Rainbow Dash [[HilariousInHindsight/MyLittlePony did not believe in pegasi.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLooneyTunesShow'': in "Double Date" Lola, while crushing on Daffy for... ''[[{{Cloudcuckoolander}} complicated]]'' reasons, insists that Tina is a made-up name like Crabthar. [[BrickJoke Later, she poses as a waiter and introduces herself as Crabthar]].
* In ''WesternAnimation/BigTopScoobyDoo'', Shaggy does not believe in Sweden, stating that is a made-up place like Fairyland. Or Australia. By extension, he does not believe in kangaroos.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes'' short "Bedeviled Hare", Bugs exclaims that there's no such animal as gazelles.
* On ''WesternAnimation/PhineasAndFerb,'' [[TheBigGuy Buford]] insists that cowboys are fake, and asks the other characters if they've ever seen one. They all get looks of amazement on their face as they realize that they haven't -- even though, in point of fact, they had ''been'' cowboys in one episode. It was AllJustADream instead of a SeriesContinuityError, though.
* On ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill,'' [[ConspiracyTheorist Dale]] once used a pirate radio station to ask viewers if they had ever seen any proof that Hawaii was real.
* ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' episode "The Tooth Fairy's Tats 2000": The American Dental Association laugh when Dr. Foley [[CassandraTruth tries to convince them of exactly what’s happening to the teeth]], favouring their own chicken-squirrel hybrid theory. They further ridicule Foley when he says that he says that he has seen it before in UsefulNotes/{{Montreal}}, derisively asking “And where, pray, is this Montreal?”
* ''WesternAnimation/RandyCunninghamNinthGradeNinja'': Howard Weinerman doesn't believe isosceles triangles are real.
* When a football game in ''WesternAnimation/RegularShow'' is interrupted by a lightning storm, Muscle Man and Hi-Five Ghost insist that people getting struck by lightning is an old wives' tale. [[TemptingFate No points for guessing what happened to them.]]
* ''WesternAnimation/TheDayMyButtWentPsycho'': In "They Came From Uranus!", Deuce is pretending to be a Zombie Butt from Uranus when he gets the name of the planet wrong. When Zack calls him out on this, Deuce says it's not his fault he can't remember the name of a stupid made-up planet.
* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheAmazingWorldOfGumball'', Nicole tells her kids that Santa Claus, the Tooth Fairy, Bigfoot, and ''Switzerland'' aren't real.
* On ''WesternAnimation/WildKratts'', Koki, Aviva and Jimmy Z all assume narwhals are imaginary, so Chris and Martin have them set out for the Arctic to find one. Later, the brothers find a carving of a ''two-horned'' narwhal, and need to find one to prove ''those'' exist (albeit rarely) too.

* EskimosArentReal/RealLife