->''"A thousand years they have ruled. Yet now, there are only ten. A dying race, ruled by a dying Emperor, imprisoned within themselves, in a dying land."''
-->-- ''Film/TheDarkCrystal''

A race of sentient beings is past its prime. There are only a few of them left, and they're slowly dying out.

This may be for any of a number of reasons. It may be caused by CreativeSterility - or it may cause it. It could be the result of a DepopulationBomb or {{Gendercide}}. Sometimes the race is almost [[{{Immortality}} immortal]], and thus suffers from the ImmortalProcreationClause. The race may live in a time that's JustBeforeTheEnd. They could be dying out because another race has GottaKillThemAll; if ''humanity'' is the target, it's KillAllHumans.

Whatever the reason is, the dying out may be viewed as a tragedy, because someone appreciates the UniquenessValue of the dying race and so regards them as an EndangeredSpecies.

Sometimes the race will be trying to save themselves. This might lead to OnlyYouCanRepopulateMyRace. If they accept their fate, they may want to FlingALightIntoTheFuture.

[[LogicalExtreme If the race is reduced to just a single individual]], that is the LastOfHisKind, not this trope. But then again maybe ThereIsAnother, too. See also HumanitysWake for when humanity is made extinct. Contrast RacialRemnant for when a race doesn't die out completely. Compare AdamAndEvePlot.



[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]
* ''Manga/AnimalX'' - Minato is working hard to propagate his dying race.
* ''Franchise/{{Metroid}}'': It's kind of implied in [[AllThereInTheManual the manga]] that this is why the [[SufficientlyAdvancedAliens Chozo]] trained Samus to be a warrior when they adopted her.
* The Shadow Angels in ''Anime/GenesisOfAquarion''.
* The Borrowers in ''Manga/TheBorrowerArrietty''.
* This is something that worries the vampires in ''Manga/{{Karin}}''. There are more vampires dying than there are children being born. The protagonist's parents are looked up to by younger couples since they have three children while most other parents only have one at most.
* The Saiyans in ''Anime/DragonBallZ''. There are only 8 pure-blooded Saiyans left (4 in the original manga) after Freeza destroys the planet Vegeta. It's turned around somewhat by the time of ''Dragon Ball Online'', as most humans have some Saiyan blood in them at that point.
* The Emishi from ''Anime/PrincessMononoke'', a rare historical example (and separate from the Ainu), who have been pushed back far from the Yamato people's borders almost out of Japan. It's hinted that Ashitaka's village may be their very last, and with him gone, they don't expect to live much longer.
* As indicated by the translation of the title, humankind in ''LightNovel/HumanityHasDeclined'' (usually translated as ''Humanity Has Declined'') is gradually fading away, even if they still have a few good years ahead of them.
* While vampires as a whole are not in any danger of dying out in ''Manga/DanceInTheVampireBund'', pureblood vampires have dwindled down to the point where there are only four left by the start of the series, only one of which is female. And since pureblood vampires can only conceive once over the course of their long lives, that means that they're only three generations away from inbreeding at most, and if Mina or any of her future heirs ever bear a son, their race dead-ends immediately.
* In ''Manga/{{Toriko}}'', the Herac horses are in decline. Despite their power and near-immortality, the Herac horses are no longer able to consume the food they need to reach maturity. The only adult Herac alive is the Horse King.
* Humanity is this in ''Anime/AttackOnTitan'', with the titans having reduced most of humanity to a tiny fraction that is forced to live within three erected walls just to keep them from extinction. And with the Colossal Titan's invasion, it only continues to decline. [[spoiler:Subverted when Grisha's journals reveal there's a thriving and technologically sophisticated human population outside the walls]].
* In ''Manga/{{Claymore}}'', this is probably true for all types of youma. Toward the end of the manga, the organization is defeated, so that no more half-youma warriornesses can be created.
** Without the organization, no new youma will be created, and the warriornesses have decided to have all the youma left, hunt and destroy.
** Likewise, they also want to kill all the Awakened Beings who are still left.
*** The warriornesses can also be themselves awakened, but then they are probably quickly killed by the other warriornesses.
** The "Abyss Feeders" have probably been killed during the plot of the manga all or almost all.
** However, this applies only to the island where the plot took place. The organization on the continent can create more youma and half-youma warriors and warriornesses.
* This is in ''Manga/{{Shiki}}'' for the vampires. The anime shows that a village full of vampires could only be created in the country, because humans in the big cities immediately burn the corpses. This makes it very unlikely that the surviving vampires can create a new colony of vampires.

[[folder:Comic Books ]]
* Both the White and Green Martians in Creator/DCComics are Dying Races. None still live on Mars and there's only one Green Martian (the Creator/MartianManhunter) and a handful of White Martians (including Miss Martian) left (at least outside of the Phantom Zone). Technically, they aren't separate species, just separate races, so even if there were more White Martians left, the Martian species as a whole is dying out.
* While Franchise/{{Superman}} is no longer the LastOfHisKind, pre-''ComicBook/{{Flashpoint}}'' there were so few Kryptonians left after the ''New Krypton'' storyline that the species as a whole was doomed.
* At the beginning of the ''ComicBook/XMen'' event "Second Coming", the mutant species was declared to be this, as their lowered numbers (181 at the time) weren't sufficient for natural propagation. [[spoiler:Averted in the aftermath of ''ComicBook/AvengersVsXMen'', as the Phoenix's power has been used to restore the species.]] They are dying again in AllNewAllDifferentMarvel since the Terrigen Mists spread by Blackbolt's Terrigen Bomb are having adverse effects on many mutants.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* Several characters in the ''Franchise/DeadOrAlive''[=/=]''Franchise/DevilMayCry'' {{crossover}} fic ''FanFic/DeadOrAlive4TheDevilFactor'' mention that, in comparison to fiends, [[OurDemonsAreDifferent full-fledged demons]] have become one on Earth since Sparda's time, with high-level ones being particularly rare.
* The dragons of ''FanFic/RainbowDoubleDashsLunaverse''. Ironically enough, this is actually ''because'' of their formidable natural advantages. All other races on Cissanthema, from ponies to minotaurs to tapirs, have to band together for mutual trade and protection. But dragons have no needs other than rocks to eat and a hoard, and by far the biggest threat to a mature dragon is another dragon. As a result of this, dragons have no civilization to speak of. They don't trust each other in the slightest, and since they don't trust each other they can't work together. The whelps are left to fend for themselves from birth, since no dragon would take in a whelp for fear he might steal some of the treasure. There are barely a few thousand dragons left in the world.

[[folder:Films -- Animated]]
* The Atlanteans in ''Disney/AtlantisTheLostEmpire''. Although they are granted close to eternal life, their [[CreativeSterility culture is slowly dying away]] as their memories fade. They can't even read their own language any more or even use their own technology.

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* In the 2009 ''Film/StarTrek'' movie, the Vulcans become an endangered species [[spoiler: when their homeworld is destroyed by a black hole]]. Their numbers are reduced down to a scale of ''thousands'' (from presumably at least a few billion)
** [[spoiler: Although Enterprise showed they have dozens of planets.]]
* In ''Film/ChildrenOfMen'', the human race is unable to reproduce as [[spoiler:almost]] everyone is infertile.
* The race of aliens in ''Film/DarkCity'' are this; it's the reason the city was built in the first place. It's not clear exactly what they're dying ''from'', though, or how they expect the city to save them.
* In ''Film/TheDarkCrystal'' there are three dying races: The Skeksis, the Mystics, and the Gelflings. At the start of the movie there are only ten each of the Skeksis & Mystics left; and only one Gelfling. [[spoiler: At the end of the movie both the Skeksis and the Mystics are gone. And only two known Gelflings are left to rebuild the world: Jen and Kira]].
** There's also Aughra, but there very well may only have been one of her ever anyways, and she's even more immortal than the Skekis and Mystics are
* In ''Film/TheChroniclesOfRiddick'', the titular character Riddick is a Furian. The leader of the Necromongers (aka the BigBad) tried to exterminate the Furians because of a prophecy which foretold he would be destroyed by one.
* In ''Film/GalaxyQuest'', it's revealed late in the movie that the Thermians' home world was destroyed by Sarris, and the reason that they recruited the main characters was to avert their species' extinction.
* In ''Film/TheLordOfTheRings'' the orc chieftain Gothmog yells: ''The age of Men is over! The time of Orc has come!'', implying that Men were a dying race and the Orcs shall prevail.
* Eon from ''Film/Ben10RaceAgainstTime'' is trying to save his dying race by taking over Earth.
* The Martians are described as a dying race in ''Film/TheWarOfTheWorlds'', this is the reason why they invade Earth, as their planet is unsuitable for life now.
* So it is also for the alien hybrids in ''Film/{{Species}}''. Although they can cure injuries very quickly, they are very vulnerable to earthly bacteria and viruses.

* The aliens in Creator/IsaacAsimov's ''Blind Alley''.
* The Martians in Creator/RogerZelazny's classic story, ''A Rose for Ecclesiastes''.
** As much existential as it is biological in this case.
* Most races in ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'':
** Although the Elves aren't dying, since they are technically immortal, they are dwindling nonetheless, having suffered huge losses over millennia of wars and cataclysms, most of them choosing to pass over the sea to the Undying Lands. For most practical purposes, this means their society is much like that of a dying race, as there are fewer and fewer Elves in Middle Earth as time passes.
** The Ents are a much better fit even than the Elves. Although they're nearly immortal, the fact that all of their females have vanished means they can't reproduce, and therefore they are on a slow but inevitable road to extinction.
** The might and power of the Dwarves has been lessened over time by their many wars (mainly with the Enemy but also with others) and the fall of their ancestral home, Moria. The fact that only a third of their population is female doesn't help with the population growth and many of the men will not marry, choosing instead to focus on their crafts. Furthermore, many of the women refuse to marry if they cannot have the man that they desire.
** Goblins, Orcs and trolls find themselves dying off in droves after the fall of Mordor, reduced to being monsters under beds and villains in fairytales and stories, never again to be the great threats they once were.
** The last balrog and the last giant spider die and retreat from the world, respectively, in the course of the story, and the last of the {{Giant Flyer}}s that the Riders use dies as well.
** The Dragons have by and large died out before the story starts, most having been killed in wars against the Elves and Dwarves or slain by heroes over time. While various lesser worms and drakes endure in the north, by the time ''Literature/TheHobbit'' starts Smaug is the last of the true, great dragons left.
* Thomas Burnett Swann used this in most of his novels for all the mythological creatures that were being displaced by encroaching humans.
* Creator/MichaelMoorcock has a few:
** The people of Elric's race in ''Literature/TheElricSaga''. The Melniboneans used to rule the world, but now they're just a remnant, trying to cling to scraps of their former glory.
** And the Vadhagh in ''The Swords Trilogy'' [[spoiler:(at first)]].
* Creator/JohnVarley's ''Literature/{{Millennium}}''. The future human race can't reproduce because their DNA has been damaged by pollution. This also appears in the FilmOfTheBook, ''Film/{{Millennium}}''.
* ''Literature/TheAlchemyOfStone'' by Ekaterina Sedia. Mattie's quest is to save an ancient race.
* The alien race that the [=AIs=] have contact with in Creator/ArthurCClarke's ''Sunstorm''.
* In an early Literature/{{Discworld}} book, one troll mentions that they were a dying race. This is not mentioned in later books.
** It's suggested that vampires ''not'' wanting to become this trope is a major motivation for the foundation of [[FriendlyNeighborhoodVampires the Uberwald Temperance League]]. With human technology and civilization on the ascent, they know it's their only chance.
* In the sequel to ''Literature/TheSparrow'' ''Children of God'' [[spoiler:the Runa uprising against their Jana'ata overlords nearly wipes out the entire race. The only hope of survival is a "reservation" system which will allow the 1500 or so Jana'ata remaining to repopulate without having to rely on eating the Runa.]]
* Dragons in ''Literature/InheritanceCycle''.
* An alien race known as the Takoi in a ''Franchise/StarTrek'' ChooseYourOwnAdventure novel. The reader is given an option on risking himself to save them. [[spoiler:It doesn't work.]]
* The protagonist of ''Literature/TheManWhoFellToEarth'' comes from a planet suffering a debilitating drought; about 300 of his kind are left, and he must establish himself on Earth as a businessman powerful enough to have a rescue ship constructed and launched to bring them to Earth, where they can blend in with humanity and thrive.
* The Neanderthals from the ''Literature/EarthsChildren'' series are, of course, destined for extinction, although it's hinted that at least some of their hybrid offspring may interbreed with modern humans and so have descendants.
* In the ''Literature/HarryPotter'' universe, the giants can be considered as such: wizards have killed many of them, and the few that are left have a tendency to fight each other to the death. They aren't built to be cooped up together, but don't have many options besides huddling together in the mountains.
* The ''Franchise/StarTrekNovelVerse'' portrays the Andorians as this. Their complex four-sex biology is failing them and their window of fertility has dropped to only four or five years. The Andorian culture has reorganized itself around ArrangedMarriage for quads of young people who are genetically compatible. Unless their genome can be repaired, the Andorians face extinction within fifteen generations. Note that events in later stories - ''Literature/StarTrekDestiny'' most notably - make the problem even worse.
* [[OurDragonsAreDifferent Kantri]] of Literature/TalesOfKolmar are just starting to enter this phase in ''Song In The Silence''. Five thousand years ago the total population of sentient "greater" Kantri was cut in half and the remaining two hundred retreated to isolation on an island. In that time their numbers haven't rebuilt at all, in fact the opposite is true, though the dying is very slow. The species is just becoming collectively dispirited and there are fewer mated pairs and fewer births all the time; they live long, but not forever. Only a few of them recognize that it's happening in that book. [[spoiler: In later books it's solved, and they manage to flourish.]]
* The Neanderthals in ''Literature/TheExtraordinaires''.
* The Eldritch in M.C.A. Hogarth's ''Literature/{{Paradox}}'' universe, the genetic modifications that gave them their longevity caused severe fertility problems, more than one child is uncommon and inbreeding is becoming an issue. But the thing is, many of the [[HumanSubspecies Pelted]] races of the Alliance had similar issues, and they've used their technology to alleviate the problem, it's just that most Eldritch are isolationist xenophobes.
* In ''Literature/ASongOfIceAndFire'' the magical races tend to be this. There are only a few dozen giants left, despite them having once inhabited most of Westeros and Essos, and their mammoths (whom they use for riding) are similarly rare, as are the unicorns, which survive only on the island of Skagos. Dire wolves are on their way out, too, although they will likely last longer than the rest. Special mention goes to:
** Dragons, who are extinct at the beginning of the series. The last few that hatched were badly degenerated and barely the size of dogs. [[spoiler: But there might be hope for them, now that Daenerys managed to hatch three healthy specimens.]]
** In ''A Dance with Dragons'' we find out that the [[spoiler: Children of the Forest]] still exist, but have been slowly dying out over the course of centuries. By the books' time, one village is all that's left.
** In ''A World of Ice and Fire'', there is mention of the Hairy Men, a species of shaggy, stout humanoids that were once very widespread in western Essos, dominating the central grasslands and the western hills and islands, but were displaced over time by the advance of the humans, who drove them out of their kingdoms one after the other. It's hinted that the Ibbenese are all that remains of their race.
* In the ''Literature/CodexAlera'' books, [[spoiler:the [[HiveQueen Vord Queens]]]] end the book series as a Dying Race. [[spoiler:The primary Vord queen woken in the first book was forced to make all her daughters sterile because [[TurnedAgainstTheirMasters they inevitably turned on her]] [[HumanityIsInfectious due to her contamination]]. With her death in the final volume, the only Vord Queen left in Canea is sterile and can't make more of herself: Once she dies the Vord are finished.]]
* One is revealed near the end of ''Literature/{{Uprooted}}''. [[spoiler:When Agnieszka is shoved into a heart-tree, it tells its history: ''she'' was once a tree-person. When the tree-people began fading and dying out, her sister tried marrying a human king to revitalize her people through their offspring, but she was betrayed and the tree-people decided to revert entirely to trees. The Wood sprang up from the queen's rage when some unwitting woodcutters came to the grove.]]
* ''Literature/JohnCarterOfMars'': While Barsoom is a dying world with most of their people struggling to survive, none are as doomed as the Lotharians of which only 1000 remain with no females and children among them. They live as recluses in the Torquas swamps and developed such advanced psychic powers to create life-like soldiers to defend them as well as extend their own lifespans. Their leader Tario attempted to use his powers to circumvent this problem by materializing a female in secret, though he had no success.
* ''Literature/SecondApocalypse'': The Nonmen suffered a {{gendercide}} and were cursed with immortality, so the race consists of ancient men who are being driven insane by the FogOfAges and the inevitable doom of their race.
* The cities of the Khaiem in ''Literature/TheLongPriceQuartet'' depend totally on the powers of the andat to run their economies and defend them from attack. But since an andat which has been bound and then released can never again be bound in the same way, the power of the andat diminishes slightly with every lost binding. One character contrasts this with the Galts, whose technology grows more and more powerful each year, as new discoveries build on old.
** [[spoiler: Both the Khaiem and the Galts become this at the end of ''An Autumn War'', when the andat Corrupting-The-Generative slips from control and sterilizes every Khaiate woman and every Galtish man.]]
* The aufwaders in Robin Jarvis's ''Whitby Witches'' trilogy are under a curse which kills any female of their races who becomes pregnant, unless she takes a special herb to end the pregnancy. Even if the pregnancy is carried to term, both mother and baby will die shortly after the birth; the mother dissolves into a briny sludge (the curse causes its victim's blood to turn into salt water) while the baby crumbles to dust. As a result only a handful of mostly middle-aged and elderly aufwaders remain, Nelda (one of the main characters in the trilogy) being the only member of their race born since the laying of the curse to survive infancy.

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]
* The Asgard from ''Series/StargateSG1'', who survive only through cloning, and have found that every new generation of clones suffer a slight degeneration. [[spoiler:Then, after thousands of years of cloning, they decide to commit mass suicide instead of dying slowly and give all their knowledge and technology to humanity.]]
** The Tok'ra can not reproduce. Her only symbiont queen has been killed so she can not create a new symbiont. However, from time to time, some Goa'uld have joined the Tok'ra, perhaps one day a new queen is among them.
* The unnamed aliens from ''Series/{{UFO}}''.
* ''Series/QuatermassAndThePit'' features a dying race of alien AncientAstronauts who apparently attempted to genetically engineer humanity to become their successors.
* ''Series/BabylonFive'' - Several examples:
** The Minbari - fewer are born with each generation and the greatest of their souls are no longer found among them, for [[spoiler:their souls are being reborn into humans (a large plot point in the series)]].
** The Narn and the Centauri are both said to be dying races according to Kosh. However, this is more philosophical than literal - Kosh meant that both were trapped in a cycle of revenge and fixated on each other's deaths to their own detriment, and were therefore (from a Vorlon point of view) on the path to eventual destruction. Both the Narn and Centauri are in fact populous and relatively vital.
** The Hyach are a more literal example; though there are still quite a few of them around, their genome is slowly collapsing due to having become dependent on a counterpart species that is no longer around [[spoiler: because the Hyach killed them all]].
** And many of the "First Races" are dying races...
** The Markab went from thriving race to virtually extinct over the course of a single episode, thanks to a plague that many of its victims refused to acknowledge having caught, as an old folk tale claimed that only the sinful could catch it.
* ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}'':
** Humans themselves after the Cylon destruction of the Twelve Colonies, when there are only about 50,000 survivors who flee into deep space. It is eventually subverted tough by the end of the war.
** Cylons play it straight after the resurrection hub is destroyed. They can't procreate with each other, and they can't transfer their essence into new bodies anymore. [[spoiler:The last Cylons eventually interbreed with the last humans to form a new race.]]
* ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries'':
** The pilot "[[Recap/StarTrekS1E0TheCage The Cage]]" (and two-part episode "[[Recap/StarTrekS1E11TheMenageriePartI The Men]][[Recap/StarTrekS1E12TheMenageriePartII agerie]]"). The Talosians are condemned to eventual extinction because their power of mental illusions acts like a addicting drug. They consider their dreams to be more important than reality, so they gave up travelling, building, and creating. They can't even repair the machines left by their ancestors.
** "[[Recap/StarTrekS2E20ReturnToTomorrow Return to Tomorrow]]" featured a race that had been all but destroyed in a massive war thousands of years ago, and by the time the episode occurred only three individuals had survived as [[SoulJar disembodied consciousnesses preserved in storage devices]].
* ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'':
** The episode "[[Recap/StarTrekTheNextGenerationS2E18UpTheLongLadder Up the Long Ladder]]". The inhabitants of the planet Mariposa reproduce by cloning and are suffering from a disorder called [[CloneDegeneration replicative fading]] that occurs when DNA is cloned too many times. If not corrected, they won't be able to reproduce.
** The episode "[[Recap/StarTrekTheNextGenerationS1E16WhenTheBoughBreaks When the Bough Breaks]]": The inhabitants of the planet Aldea have become sterile as a side effect of their planetary cloaking device. The Aldeans decide to steal children from the Enterprise to carry on their civilization.
* ''Series/StarTrekDeepSpaceNine'': The Changeling race is slowly dying, due to a {{synthetic plague}} engineered by Section 31 to bring about a Changeling genocide. [[spoiler: In the series finale, Odo returns to the Great Link to cure his people of the Section 31 virus and avert the genocide.]]
* ''Series/StarTrekVoyager'' gives us the Hirogen. Their obsession with HuntingTheMostDangerousGame has made them spread themselves too thin, with one of them worried that within a thousand years they'll go extinct.
* ''Series/EarthFinalConflict'': the Taelons are dying. As are their "cousins" the Jaridians. Both races are the result of an Atavus cult leader draining most of the race from their "core energy" and infusing his small group of followers with it. This group (augmented with Kimera DNA/energy) became the Taelons, while what's left of the Atavus became the Jaridians. No wonder the Jaridians hate the Taelons.
* ''Series/{{Farscape}}'''s Ancients, the ones who gave John the wormhole information.
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** In between the old and new series, the Doctor used "the Moment" to wipe out all the Time Lords, leaving just him, [[spoiler:an OppositeSexClone genetic anomaly that may or may not "count", a handful of part-human hybrids, and, at least for a time, his arch-enemy the Master]]. [[spoiler:Following "The Day of the Doctor" and the events of series 9, however, the Time Lords have been returned to the universe.]]
** In "[[Recap/DoctorWhoS18E1TheLeisureHive The Leisure Hive]]", the Argolians are a dying race, having been afflicted by a SterilityPlague in the aftermath of their twenty minute war with the Foamasi.
* In ''Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer'' the ''Seed of Wonder'' [[TheMagicGoesAway were destroyed]] in the comics. This meant that no more vampires could be created, instead the humans were killed by vampires, a kind of zombie vampire. Finally, the ''Seed of Wonder'' [[TheMagicComesBack was restored]], and a new race of vampires emerged. This was much more powerful than the old race. Both the old race of the vampires and the zompires can no longer be created, but only the new race of the vampires.

* The Squonk in the Music/{{Genesis}} song of the same name.

[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]
* ''TabletopGame/{{Space 1889}}'': The canals of Mars are slowly decaying and cannot be repaired, which will result in Mars becoming arid and basically uninhabitable again, destroying most native life including the three types of sentients. Canal Martians generally more or less accept this, which the Europeans, who believe in Progress and sometimes in social darwinism, find offensive or a sign of weakness.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer 40000}}'':
** ''Humanity''. Their vast interstellar empire has devolved into a brutal theocratic dictatorship and is slowly shrinking and beset on all sides by aliens and monsters, all their best technology is slowly being forgotten, their {{Physical God}} [[GodEmperor Emperor]] is half-dead and being sustained by a life-support machine [[spoiler:that is falling into disrepair and will eventually fail completely]]. They are still extremely powerful, with legions of fanatical soldiers, genetically-engineered {{Super Soldier}}s, [[HumongousMecha Titans]] and legendary heroes capable of amazing feats. The human race is going down, but the sheer size of the Imperium means that it will take thousands of years for the end to come, and even then, they're more than capable of [[TakingYouWithMe dragging their destroyers down with them]].
** The Craftworld Eldar are this trope traditionally as well. They suffered a calamity that destroyed their empire long ago, and now they exist as scattered remnants wandering space seeking purpose. Although the status of how far gone they are [[DependingOnTheWriter Depends On The Writer]]: Gav Thorpe, who did most of their older fluff, said that they're as low as a dozen Craftworlds with a dozen million each, whereas new writer Phil Kelly says that there are hundreds of Craftworlds with populations ranging from a few hundred million to almost a billion. Matt Ward ([[BerserkButton if you actually]] [[TheScrappy acknowledge him]] [[CanonDefilement or anything he writes]]) seems to agree with Kelly, with his Craftworld Iyanden supplementary codex describing the troubled craftworld as "definitely rising from the ashes". The Eldar also suffer from low birth rates for various reasons: reluctance to do anything pleasurable since that might attract Slaanesh, gestation periods of several years, and a limited number of waystones to protect Eldar souls.
** Though it's not brought up too often, the Necrontyr are slowly but surely dying out. Since they were transformed into the robotic Necrons they cannot reproduce. [[spoiler:''Devourer'' reveals that a good number of Necrons are actually "false Necrons": artificial intelligences based on the minds of former generals and nobles of the necrontyr.]]
* In regular ''TabletopGame/{{Warhammer}}'', the Elves are dying off due to the various catastrophes that have hit them over the millennia. Dark Elves, again, don't seem to have this problem (presumably they breed at least fast enough to make up the numbers from their sacrifices). Dwarves are also dying, and have stayed in decline since the destruction of their greatest kingdoms[[note]] Not at all helped by their obsession with grudges that constantly cause them to go from one war to the next[[/note]]. The Slann used to be a dying race in older editions. It was subsequently {{retcon}}ned to make the Lizardmen slightly less grimdark.
* Elves and dryads from ''TabletopGame/TheWitcherGameOfImagination'' suffer this fate due to human expansion and exploitation. It's easier to find a naturalized dryad (which is a well-disguised, [[HeelFaceBrainwashing brainwashed]] [[TykeBomb human girl]]) than an actual born one.
* "Dying race" (by that exact name) is a racial disadvantage in ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}} Aliens'': "For whatever reason, the race's death rate has exceeded the birth rate. If this trend isn't reversed, the race will be extinct in a few generations."
** The Jarrel in ''TabletopGame/{{GURPS}} Aliens'' have it. However, they are trying to recover and start growing again.
** It was eliminated in 4e on charges of not actually being disadvantageous. You can still simulate it by taking other disadvantages, you'd just ''actually have to earn your points.''
* ''TabletopGame/{{Stormbringer}}'' supplement ''Stormbringer Companion'', adventure "The Crystal of Daerdaerdarth". Valyk's Island holds a race of creatures known as the Kay, who were created using sorcery by the Melnibonean wizard Earl Valyk thousands of years earlier. They're in decline because 80% of their breeding females die soon after birth.
* [[AllTrollsAreDifferent Trolls]] in ''TabletopGame/RuneQuest''.
* [[AllTrollsAreDifferent Trolls]] in ''TabletopGame/TheDarkEye'', likewise.
* Dwarves of the TabletopGame/ForgottenRealms may or may not be this trope, depending on which products you credence. Some of the 2E products suggest that dwarf males may be marrying human women (and breeding true) as a counter to their own race's slow birth rate and scarcity of females.
* In "B4: The Lost City", an early D&D adventure, the weird underground humans of Cynedicea are this trope.
* The Doreen, Kraken and Scurrilans from ''TabletopGame/FiftyFathoms''. The Doreen habitats were destroyed by the recent apocalypse, the Kraken were hit hard by first said apocalypse and by the {{Big Bad}}s later. There have never been more than 200 Scurrilans, and Scurrilans don't get along with anyone, even each other.
* ''TabletopGame/{{Exalted}}''
** The Dragon-Kings (dinosaur-folk) have been dying for thousands of years now. Due to the way the Dragon-Kings reincarnate, they can't expand beyond the number of available souls, and that number has suffered enormous periodic drop offs throughout the history of Man. Even among those who remain, the devastation of their culture (and past life memories of their grief) means that the vast majority are never educated past the feral first stage of their life.
** TheFairFolk are in a similar boat; the majority of them invaded Creation during the Balorian Crusade and were subsequently all but wiped out by the [[LostSuperweapon Realm Defense Grid]], leaving scant millions remaining. This combined with how they "reproduce" slowly and their original home being occupied by a ravenous offshoot means they've largely fallen into melancholy.

[[folder: Video Games ]]
* The [[ProudWarriorRaceGuy Krogan]] from ''Franchise/MassEffect'' due to the "genophage", a biological weapon that reduces the number of live krogan births to a fraction of its normal level. This actually turns out to be carefully tuned to keep their population stabilized rather than to cause extinction; because krogans are from a DeathWorld, they're {{Explosive Breeder}}s ''and'' live [[WeAreAsMayflies around a thousand years]] (if nothing kills them first). This meant that their population ''exploded'' once removed from their natural environment -- until the genophage leveled things out. Given that krogans are almost universally {{Blood Knight}}s who are fond of WeHaveReserves, their culture hasn't quite caught up with their new biology yet.
** It actually becomes a plot point in the second game, as Mordin's loyalty mission is rescuing a former colleague of his who is working to cure the genophage so that the krogan can breed again. Mordin reveals over the course of this mission that the krogan were adjusting to the genophage and their numbers were increasing again, so the salarians put the genophage on them ''again'' to control their numbers. The genophage causes only 1 in 1000 babies to be born alive. You do have the option to save the genophage's data at the end of the mission, though.
*** The third game makes curing the genophage a plot point. You can either do exactly that, or sabotage the effort. [[spoiler: If both Wrex and Eve are alive, it's hinted that their stabilizing influence will keep the Krogan from becoming a threat to the universe if you cure the genophage. If either or both are dead, then it's strongly suggested that the Krogan Rebellions are going to start up again if you give them the cure.]]
* ''VideoGame/RuneScape''.
** The Mahjarrat is the perfect example, as there are only nine of them confirmed alive, and each one of them is "as powerful as one of your (human) armies".
*** It also doesn't help that for them to continue to survive in the world of Runescape, one of them must be sacrificed in a ritual every 500 years, meaning that even if no one manages to kill any of them, they'll still go extinct. It's just a matter of time.
*** And only one pure blooded female still exists, and she isn't interested in reproducing.
** The Dragonkin, the race that created dragons, has only a few individuals remaining. They were based on the Skeksis from ''Film/TheDarkCrystal''.
** The Light creatures hiding in the depths of the swamp caves are the remains of the once proud race of Myriad.
** Only 15 Skavids remain in Gielinor.
** The Aviansie were believed to have gone extinct during the God Wars until a small army of that that were frozen alive got thawed out, although later it was discovered that a larger population of them survived on their homeworld so they were not dying after all.
** The plot of the quests "The Elder Kiln" and "The Brink Of Extinction" is the player saving the Tzhaar race from going extinct. The Tzhaar are a race of creature made of living volcanic rock that pass their memories to their offspring when they reproduce, but recently they have only been able to create Ga'al, which are TzHaar born without memories, and without the ability to pass their memories to their offspring, they fear that their culture will die. In "The Elder Kiln" they want to try fusing the remains of a dead Tzhaar to a Ga'al to give it memories. This reveals the horrifying truth that dead tzhaar remain [[AndIMustScream conscious and in agony]] when they die and are broken into pieces. In "The Brink Of Extinction" they still want to continue doing this despite being told this horrible truth, and the player has to find and solve the cause of their loss of their ability to pass on their memories. [[spoiler: After the quest is over the player can confront the Tokhaar responsible for taking away the Tzhaar's ability to reproduce normally and he reveals that he was trying to force the Tzhaar to return to the Kiln in order to save them because the Tzhaar are growing weaker with every generation because the transference of memories to their offspring isn't perfect. The Tzhaar were never meant to reproduce or die at all, they are supposed to be melted down and reborn in the Kiln. creation of the Ga'al wasn't something he expected to happen So even though the player has saved the Tzhaar in the short tern, they are still doomed in the long run if they don't return to the Kiln, which turns the end of the quest into a DownerEnding if the player finds out about this.]]
* The Forsaken in ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'' are undead and so incapable of reproducing. While they can reclaim some undead from the feral Scourge, for the most part their population is in constant decline. Recognizing this danger, Sylvanas has recruited the remaining Val'kyr to create new Forsaken soldiers out of their fallen enemies and allies. [[spoiler:As of ''Legion'', the Val'kyr are wiped out, leaving Sylvanas with no other way to create more Forsaken. They will die out, it's only a matter of time.]]
** After the [[ZombieApocalypse invasion of Quel'thalas by the Scourge]], 90% of the High Elf population was wiped out. They've made some headway in recovering, [[CrapsackWorld but there's always some new disaster to cut into their already small numbers]].
** The Night Elves are no longer immortal after the destruction of the World Tree. However, with the sweeping changes and threats to Azeroth recently, their culture has changed from their static ways of druid sleep into a far more active one; becoming a dying race has them more active and powerful than ever before.
** Dragons were immortal thanks to the blessing of the Titans, which was lost when they destroyed Deathwing. Not only did empowering the Dragon Soul weaken every dragonflight, it also rendered them sterile. The clutches of eggs laid before Deathwing's death are possibly the last generation.
*** One of the most [[BrokenBase contentious]] achievements of the ''Legion'' expansion was awarded for [[VideoGameCrueltyPotential killing all the remaining red whelplings]].
* ''VideoGame/WakingMars'' exhibits this with [[spoiler: the Sentients, a race of ancient Martian [[StarfishAliens spaghetti]][[BuffySpeak -things]] that were forced into stasis underground by some ancient cataclysm that made Mars the Red Planet we know today.]]
* In ''VideoGame/CastlevaniaLordsOfShadow'', the bestiary entries of various monsters state that their races are dying. The goblins were already slowly vanishing from the world before Gabriel started killing them in droves. The last Ogre also dies by Gabriel's hand. The only Dragon left in the world is a corpse animated by necromancy and Gabriel kills that too. [[spoiler:He even kills the last Old God Pan.]] The Aghartians fell long ago to the Lycans, and Gabriel destroys the last remnants of their civilization the Titans [[spoiler:[[KillTheCutie as well as the last Aghartian Claudia]] thanks to MindControl.]] By defeating the Lords of Shadow, Gabriel (seeing a pattern?) also breaks the power of the Lycans, Vampires, and Necromancers.
** [[spoiler:He later helps those last three back to their feet.]]
* The Prophets of ''Franchise/{{Halo}}'' were already rapidly declining when the war with humanity started. The Covenant's Prophets all come from the gene pool of a single ship launched from their (allegedly) now-destroyed homeworld, meaning they have to be very careful to avoid inbreeding. Then ''High Charity'', their major population center, was consumed by [[ZombieApocalypse The Flood]]. According to their file on ''Waypoint'', there are less than a thousand members of their species left in the whole galaxy.
* As of ''VideoGame/GuildWars2'' humanity is viewed as this by the other races of Tyria. Ascalon and Orr have been dead for centuries, Cantha has withdrawn into isolation, and Elona is enslaved by Palawa Joko, leaving only Kryta as a free human state. Many view them as overly conservative and tied down by their faith in silent gods. Humans, of course, disagree with this notion. All the same, developers have noted that every other race in the setting has been steadily expanding and growing despite their hardships. Humans, on the other hand, have been in a steady decline.
* The dwarves in ''Franchise/DragonAge'' are stuck in a HopelessWar with the darkspawn that has already reduced a once-thriving kingdom to two city states. [[spoiler:Worse, the entire population of one of these city states is Tainted.]] They'd be doing better if their own traditions didn't bar a chunk of the population from serving in the conventional military (or getting any kind of decent treatment).
** However, this is only a cultural case rather then a racial case, due to the thriving population of surface dwarves.
* In ''VideoGame/ShinMegamiTenseiIV'', TheFairFolk. They are desperate to survive, and only barely manage to do so by recovering the Holy Grail (Dagda's Cauldron) from the Angels and summoning Lady Danu to help restore everyone. However, she has become Black Maria in order to protect them, and can no longer reclaim her old position. It falls to recurring ally Nozomi to accept the fate of becoming the new Lady Danu in order to save them from extinction.
* The [[OurGiantsAreBigger Varl]] from ''VideoGame/TheBannerSaga'' were all created individually from clay by the god Hadrborg, and are all male thus cannot breed. By the second game, the vast majority of varl in existence are probably marching with your caravan - only a few hundred, despite being excellent warriors with a lifespan of centuries. You can either contribute to their extinction, or attempt to save as many as you can.
* ''Franchise/SonicTheHedgehog'': The echidna species, with Knuckles being the LastOfHisKind.

* The Martians in ''Webcomic/IrregularWebcomic'', who are down to three living specimens - all apparently male.
** Also the roundabout TropeMaker-as in, when [[WordOfGod David Morgan-Mar]] discovered that this page did not exist yet, he made it himself.
* ''WebComic/VampireCheerleaders'': The mothmen had been hunted almost to the point of extinction by the Reptilians, who feared them for their ability to [[spoiler: [[{{seers}} perceive the future]]]]. Which is why [[http://www.vampirecheerleaders.net/strips-vc/the_death_of_stephanie_kane they abducted Stephanie]] and eventually persuaded her to [[OnlyYouCanRepopulateMyRace help them repopulate]] [[http://www.vampirecheerleaders.net/strips-vc/sisters_reunion their species.]] But the Reptilians found their homeworld and tried to wipe out [[http://www.vampirecheerleaders.net/strips-vc/all_lead_to_this what few remained.]] [[spoiler: They succeed, forcing Stephanie and the few survivors with her [[http://www.vampirecheerleaders.net/strips-vc/escape_from_mothworld to flee their planet's destruction]]]].
* The Harlzoids briefly show up in the backstory of ''Webcomic/{{Spacetrawler}}''. They are finished off by food poisoning from an improperly-calibrated food synthesizer.
* In ''Webcomic/DanAndMabsFurryAdventures'' it's stated that fewer and fewer Angels are being born, and this has caused much alarm in the Angel community.
* ''Webcomic/{{Drowtales}}'':
** The Dark Elves have all but vanished by the time the story takes place, having been replaced by their children, the titular drow, who [[BizarreBabyBoom evolved to better survive in the Underworld]]. The ones that are left -- and there aren't many -- have largely given up hope of ever seeing the surface again. Conversely, drow are perfectly capable of having Dark Elven offspring if they give birth on the surface, but these children are more or less considered a separate race from the originals with around a millennium of time between the two generations, and are culturally far more similar to their drow parents.
** The Light Elves fared a bit better, in that a single city-state survives in the far north [[spoiler:in addition to a handful of elders among the leadership of the Kyorl'solenurn clan of drow]].
** The Beldrobbaen, a drow clan and more or less a nation onto itself, are in a similar state, having lost an entire generation of children during a demonic accident. Since then entire houses have died out and the clan is widely thought to be on its last legs. Their cousins from a neighboring city, the Balvhakara, have no such problems and demonstrate that this state of affairs is purely the result of bad luck and clinging to a tradition of turning the fathers of Val children into {{Drider}}s that has greatly reduced the number of fertile male members of the clan.
** Finally, the duergar (the dwarves) once ruled and inhabited most of the Underworld. Then the elven refugees and their drow descendants came along, conquered their lands and destroyed their nations. Nowdays, only a few dwarven communities exist in the fringes of the Underworld where the conditions are too harsh for even the drow. Many survive as slaves and servants living in drow cities, but these dwarves, called gnomes instead, are considered a separate race from the original, near-extinct dwarves.
* The Bradicor from ''Webcomic/SchlockMercenary''. At some point in the past they invented a method of immortality. However, their brains were unable to [[WhoWantsToLiveForever cope with this]] and they ended up going insane. The majority of them [[BrainUploading uploaded themselves]] into a giant computer and ended up wiping themselves out in the "Identity Wars". A small number decided to remain corporeal and instead replaced their brain with an artificial one (based on the same technology as Schlock and the other amorphs). While some of this group are still around they are all millions of years old and don't have any kids (it's not clear if they can't reproduce or simply don't want to) so the race will eventually die out.

[[folder: Web Original]]
* In ''Literature/TheJenkinsverse'', every spacefaring, intelligent civilization is eventually doomed to become a dying race, and nobody knows why.

[[folder: Western Animation ]]
* The Manhattan Clan in ''{{WesternAnimation/Gargoyles}}'' awoke in the 20th Century convinced that they were the last of their kind. However, The World Tour StoryArc revealed that Gargoyles exist all around the world and are even prospering in some areas. Their own clan's next generation is also thriving on Avalon.
* The antagonists of the first season of ''WesternAnimation/Ben10AlienForce'', the Highbreed, were doomed to die out in a generation since their inbreeding (done to keep themselves "pure") robbed them of the ability to reproduce. Their entire campaign was a SuicidalCosmicTemperTantrum. They figured that if they were going to go extinct, all of the other "inferior" races had to join them. [[spoiler:All of this is past-tense, since Ben used the Omnitrix to save them once he discovered their problem.]]
* The Gummi Bears in ''WesternAnimation/AdventuresOfTheGummiBears'', at first is thought that only seven of them remain and althoug other communities of Gummi Bears are discover latter on, they are more or less in the same numbers or less.

[[folder: Real Life ]]
* Once a species declines too far, it may be declared "functionally extinct" as there are too few individuals to maintain a working gene pool. These remaining individuals are known as "endlings". A process called [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mutational_meltdown mutational meltdown]] can set in, whereby mutations accumulate and become widespread faster than natural selection can remove them from the population. As a result, more defects accumulate until the species is doomed to extinction.[[note]]The exact point at which this would occur is a bit nebulous; the 50/500 rule (a population of 50 is necessary in the short term, at least 500 in the long term) is often used, but it depends on the mutation rate, as well as how long the population spends at such low numbers. Less than that, and the population is likely doomed.
* The Parsis of UsefulNotes/{{India}} (Music/FreddieMercury's people) are the largest UsefulNotes/{{Zoroastrian|ism}} population in the world, but they've been on the decline for decades due to their slow birth rate and their tradition of not marrying outside their community.