[[quoteright:331:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/drawing-straws_7581.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:331:Take your pick.]]
It's not always easy to get people to do what you want them to do. Some people have their own reasons for not completing a task -- too dangerous, too counterproductive, too [[StupidestThingIveEverHeard stupid]], or maybe they just plain [[SomebodyDoesntLoveRaymond don't like you]].

One way to resolve a deadlock in a situation like this is to "draw straws" - grab a fistful of them in your hand and hold them to make it appear as if they're all the same length (they can be bits of straw from a broom, pipe cleaners, actual drinking straws, or something else short and cylindrical), passing it around for everyone to pick. The loser is the one who picks out the shortest straw. Complaints and [[HilarityEnsues hilarity]] will usually ensue.

Common subversions of this trope may include making all of the straws the same length and then declaring everyone the "loser", or one character cheating to avoid drawing the short one (even more bonus points if the character deliberately picks the short straw).

A common parody of this trope is to have people literally draw straws, and then judge the pictures by some criteria.

See also LotteryOfDoom.
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!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Film]]
* This is done in ''Film/{{Clue}}'' with matchsticks to determine who will be paired up with whom as they [[LetsSplitUpGang split up to search the house.]]
* In ''Film/TheLadykillers'', it's done with matchsticks, to determine which of the gang will get rid of Mrs. Wilberforce.
* In ''Disney/{{Cinderella}}'', the mice use their own tails as straws to choose who gets to act as a decoy for Lucifer while the others get breakfast.
* ''Film/TheCore'' actually uses straws [[spoiler:and the guy who wants to volunteer cheats to make sure he has the short one]].
* ''Film/{{Armageddon}}'': Harry initially rejects this idea, insisting he be the one to stay behind and detonate the bomb, but the others refuse and demand that they all draw. [[spoiler: AJ ends up with the short straw but Harry pulls out one of AJ's breathing tube preventing him from being able to go so Harry can make the sacrifice instead, because he thinks it's more important that his daughter gets to keep her fiancee than her father.]]
** The only ones who don't draw are the pilots, as they're needed to fly and land the shuttle, and Rockhound, who ''wants'' to do it; but as he's gone crazy no one will let him.
* Wolf and Hans do this to decide who will stay on the moon in ''Film/WomanInTheMoon'', effectively dooming that person to death by dehydration. [[spoiler: Hans draws the short straw, but Wolf makes a HeroicSacrifice by secretly staying behind and letting Hans go on the rocket instead. Wolf then discovers that [[TearJerker Friede stayed behind too so they could die together.]]]]
* In ''Film/DuckSoup'', [[TheMarxBrothers Chico]][[FakeNationality lini]] decides who will join the battle with a variant of "Eeny meeny miny moe":
-->"Rrrrrrrinspot! One-sa, two-sa, zig-zag-zav, poptie, gimmega, tin-lie, tav, harem, scarem, moychan, tarem, tare, tore...''[points to himself]'' I did it wrong"
::Eventually he just points to Harpo's character and says "'''You''' go."
* In ''Leaving Normal'', [[DeadpanSnarker Darly]] tears various lengths off cigarettes and makes Marienne choose one to determine which way they drive.
* In ''Film/ShallowGrave'' Alex, Juliet and David do this to decide which one of them will be responsible for dismembering Hugo's body.
* ''Film/TwelveToTheMoon'' (1960). The crew to decide which two men will pilot the space taxi to drop nuclear bomblets on the aliens who are freezing the Earth.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]
* In EdgarAllanPoe's ''Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket'', the main characters are stranded on a becalmed ship in the middle of the ocean, and they draw straws to decide [[NoPartyLikeADonnerParty who will be eaten]].
* This is how Oliver in ''Literature/OliverTwist'' (and the film adaptations) gets chosen as the one to ask for "more". Although in his case, he gets the lone ''long'' straw.
* Used routinely in ''Literature/{{Animorphs}}''. To be fair, it's probably [[JustifiedTrope justified]] in that they are doing most everything on the fly, and have to make decisions quickly if no one volunteers.
* Near the beginning of ''[[Literature/AsianSaga Shogun]]'', the local daimyo orders the Dutch sailors to choose one of their number to be executed, and they use this method.
* In Creator/StephenKing's ''{{IT}}'', the kids decide to go on a VisionQuest by filling their underground clubhouse with smoke, but they are aware of the potential danger in this, so decide that one person should stay outside and rescue the others if things go badly. Beverly lights a match, puts it out, then pulls out six unused matches, and each kid draws one in turn, with the agreement that whoever drew the burnt match would stay outside. However, despite the fact that they all saw Beverly burn the match, all seven of them end up with an unused match. They decide this means it that they are all fated to be part of the quest and should have faith that it will work out.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV]]
* In an episode of ''Series/{{Mash}}'', the Doctors draw straws to see what Doctor and what Nurse would go on a mission at the Front. Except...they were out of straws so they drew link sausages Radar saved from lunch out of a bedpan.
** A more in-line example comes from the episode "Edwina", involving a nurse named Edwina Ferguson ("Nurse Eddie") who was accident-prone and had never been on a date before. The other nurses go on a "date strike" until someone goes out with her. The guys draw straws and Hawkeye gets the short straw, meaning he has to ask her out.
* In ''BigBadBeetleborgs'', monsters do this at some point, only with bones. Fangule draws the shortest one, but pulls the longest one from his sleeve. Little Ghoul later [[NotCheatingUnlessYouGetCaught calls him on it]]:
-->'''Fangula:''' We're counting on you!
-->'''Little Ghoul:''' Especially you, mister "I have one more bone up my sleeve", right?
* Done in one episode of ''Series/GilligansIsland'' to decide who has to stay outside the cave in a hurricane. Gilligan subverts the usual by breaking the straw so he will stay outside instead of endangering anyone else. At the end, however, everyone joins him outside before the cave is struck by lightning and the entrance collapses.
* In the ''TV/MontyPython'' sketch "[[http://orangecow.org/pythonet/sketches/ypres2.htm Ypres 1914]]" the soldiers draw straws to find out which one will "[[BetterToDieThanBeKilled take the other way out]]." The Major gets the short straw, so he decides to do Eeny Meeny Miney Moe instead. He still gets picked, so he decides on RockPaperScissors, and he ''still'' loses.
* In ''Series/StargateSG1'', there is an episode where Jack has to pretend to be a double agent, and when Daniel comes to his house to talk to him, he is extremely aggressive and claims their entire friendship was a lie. At the end of the episode, everything is explained.
-->'''Jack:''' The entire place was bugged...I had to keep acting to keep them off my trail. But it really means a lot to me that you came. I really appreciate--
-->'''Daniel:''' Jack, Jack--we drew straws. To see who'd go over to your house. I lost.
* ''Series/StargateAtlantis'': When the expedition accidentally starts destroying an alternate universe while attempting to unlock a power source, an Rodney [=McKay=] comes through to tell them to stop, having been chosen to do so because he drew the short straw. In a subversion, this is considered "Winning" by Alternate [=McKay=], since he saw it as a chance to save an entire universe.
* The groomsmen in ''HarpersIsland'' use this method to chose who buries the bag of money, alone at night in the middle of unfamiliar woods. It goes to poor [[HollywoodNerd Booth]] of course and he ends up [[spoiler:shooting himself in fright when a friend turns up to help and bleeding to death]]. It's an [[IdiotPlot Idiot Subplot]].
* ''MarriedWithChildren'': Straws are drawn to determine who swims for help after Al/Peggy's cruise ship sinks.
* TheMonkees once played with this trope. Upon the announcement "Draw straws!", each one grabs a paper and pen and begins to [[LiteralMinded draw a straw]].
* In the later series of ''Series/{{Misfits}}'', whenever the protagonists have to kill someone, they draw straws to see who has to do the actual killing.
* ''GameOfThrones''. Rather than risk taking on 8000 Unsullied, the Titan's Bastard decides the best way to defeat Daenerys Targarean is to [[DecapitatedArmy assassinate her]]. He puts three coins in the palm of a [[FanservicExtra bedslave]] who passes one out to each sellsword captain; the one who picks the Braavosi coin gets the dangerous task of sneaking into her camp to do the deed. [[spoiler:The man selected decides to murder his fellow captains and swear allegiance to Daenerys instead.]]
* ''Series/{{JAG}}: In "Retrial", the wives of the bigamist prosecuted by Mac drew straws on who shouldn't divorce him.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Manga and Anime]]
* LightNovel/HaruhiSuzumiya does this to decide how the alien/esper/time traveler-hunting groups would be divided up.
* Anne on ''SailorMoon'' has the girls draw for parts in Snow White. The ends are supposed to be color-coded by role (red for the evil queen, black for a dwarf, white for Snow White), but she cheats by marking one straw red and all the others black. When it's her turn to draw, she tears the tip off her straw, turning it white. [[FridgeLogic Lucky for her that the others didn't end up with an extra dwarf and no queen, or else they would have figured out her plot a lot sooner.]]
* In ''SoraNoWoto'', it's a tradition that one of the girls of the garrison plays the part of the Maiden of Fire in Seize's Water Splashing Festival. She's chosen drawing straws [[spoiler:although the officer cheats to have one particular girl to do it]].
* In ''Anime/DigimonAdventure02'', when the team ends up trapped underwater, one of them proposes drawing straws to decide which one of them goes out in a mini-submachine to find a way up to the surface. Cody/Iori, who happens to have a phobia of water, is forced to draw first and when he gets the red-tipped straw, he gets suspicious and knocks the straw-holder's hand open to reveal that they gave all the straws red tips. They still force him to do it.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Mythology and Religion]]
* In GreekMythology, Zeus knew that since Hades was the eldest brother, he would get his pick over which kingdom to rule. Zeus instead persuaded both his brothers to draw straws for their kingdoms, ending with Hades drawing the short straw and getting rule over the land of the dead. Poseidon, of course, got the kingdom of the sea, and Zeus became the king of gods with command over the heavens.
** This is only in some (often more modern) versions. Hades' realm is not merely the land of the dead, but everything underground, gaining the wealthiest part of the inheritance.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Newspaper Comics]]
* In one ''ComicStrip/{{Dilbert}}'' strip, Dilbert and his co-workers are drawing straws to decide who has to murder an annoying co-worker. Dilbert gets a long straw, but is told they weren't drawing for short, they were drawing for the differently colored straw (which he, of course, had).
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Tabletop Games]]
* ''Samurai Swords'' (originally named ''[[Literature/AsianSaga Shogun]]'') used this as a game mechanic. At the start of each turn, the players drew plastic katanas and the order of play is based on the pips on the individual swords.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* In the first chapter of ''VisualNovel/SuperDanganRonpa2'', Komaeda suggests they draw straws to decide who's in charge of cleaning up a lodge so that they can throw a party there. Ironically enough, despite his "[[BornLucky Super High School Level Good Luck]]", he draws the short straw. [[spoiler:It later turns out that his good luck got him exactly what he wanted. He wanted to clean the lodge so that he could set up a murder during the party.]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Western Animation]]
* On ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'', Moe choses the designated driver of the night by having the others pick pickled eggs from a jar and seeing who gets the black one, "the same way the Vatican picks the new [[ThePope Pope]]".
* Subverted on a Season 2 episode of ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' when the adult authority figures get trapped in a snowstorm while re-enacting when Dr. Mephesto got shot before revealing who Cartman's father was. They drew straws over who would be eaten first. However, ''everybody'' got the long straw.
* Inverted in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/CowAndChicken'' when Chicken's group of friends decide to draw straws to see who would go into the girls' bathroom. They literally ''draw'' on paper, and determine the loser by who drew the best. It was Chicken.
* In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/ScoobyDooWhereAreYou'', Fred had Shaggy and Scooby draw broom straws to determine which of the three would stand guard that night. Scooby drew the shortest straw.
* Played with in ''{{Chowder}}'', where the cast [[LiteralMetaphor literally draw straws]].
* Towards the end of the ''WesternAnimation/FostersHomeForImaginaryFriends'' episode, "Room With a Feud", Madame Foster does this to decide who gets the new room. [[spoiler:Eduardo gets the shortest straw and wins the room, but eventually, [[Main/StatusQuoIsGod Wilt, Coco, and Bloo move into the new room as well]].]]
* In the ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures'' episode, "Buster and The Wolverine", Plucky suggests this to decide who gets to capture The Wolverine. Hamton gets an incredibly long straw with a sign that says, "Tough Luck Chum!" at the end of it.
* In the 2013 ''WesternAnimation/{{Mickey Mouse}}'' short, "WesternAnimation/NoService", Mickey suggests this to decide who gets to wear each other's clothes and buy food from Goofy's Snack Shack, due to its [[Main/DressCode No Shirt, No Shoes, No Service]] policy. Donald's feathers take the place of straws and Donald picks the longest one, forcing Mickey to surrender his clothes to him and [[Main/NakedPeopleTrappedOutside stay outside naked]] while he orders the food.
[[/folder]]
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