[[quoteright:300:[[Series/StargateAtlantis http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Atlantis_shield_5233.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:300:Lantean shielding: certified 100% projectile-, water-, and vacuum-proof. Batteries not included.]]
->'''Moe:''' What are you telling us, we're trapped like rats?
->'''Russ Cargill:''' No, [[InsultToRocks rats can't be trapped this easily]], you're trapped like... carrots.
-->-- ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsonsMovie''

A town enclosed under a dome.

Features seem to include letting everyone on the outside go to hell, being a paranoid CityInABottle, and ending up as a [[DoomedHometown doomed]] [[{{Pun}} domed hometown]].

Fairly traditional for [[UnderwaterCity underwater cities]] or space colonies in SF. An UndergroundCity may or may not have one holding up the roof and/or simulating a sky.

{{Subtrope}} of WallAroundTheWorld.

Not to be confused with a DoomedHometown.

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!!Examples:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]
* Paradigm City, setting of ''Anime/TheBigO'', isn't completely domed, but the domes are where the rich people live. Later on, when the dramatic revelations start piling up, it is strongly implied that [[spoiler: the rest of the city is under a dome too, just a dome so large that they don't know it's there.]]
* Domed and apparently doomed: most (if not all) of the cities of ''Anime/ErgoProxy''.
* Likewise those of ''Manga/WolfsRain''.
* Tokyo Jupiter in ''Anime/RahXephon''.
* The Regios of ''LightNovel/ChromeShelledRegios''. Serves as this in order to protect the inhabitants from the toxic external environment.
* The "Innocent" of ''CombatMechaXabungle'' live in domes because [[spoiler:they're baseline humans who can't survive in the radioactive wasteland outside like their genetically engineered creations the "Civilians".]]
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* The city Anvard in Carla Speed [=McNeil=]'s ''{{Finder}}''.
* Recently ''ComicBook/SonicTheHedgehog'' is given this in New Mobotropolis. A friendly AI controlled city with a retractable dome that is quite good at keeping people out. (Except when it isn't)
* ''{{Supergirl}}'': Two versions of Argo City, one on either side of the [[CrisisCrossover Crisis on Infinite Earths]]. The second one turned out to be overrun by Franchise/{{Alien}}s when Superman found it, and [[spoiler: wasn't really from Krypton after all.]]
** Both end up as {{Doomed Hometown}}s too, for that matter.
* ''{{Superman}}'': Kandor.
** In PreCrisis {{Superman}} comics, Lori Lemaris's Atlantis survived its sinking with a giant dome. They later removed the dome after biologically changing themselves into merpeople to survive underwater.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Film]]
* The film version of ''Film/BattlefieldEarth'' has a ''flattened and angular'' "dome" over the Psychlos' Denver base, which is used to maintain a breathable atmosphere for the Psychlos.
* The City in ''Anime/FinalFantasyTheSpiritsWithin''.
* The city in the movie version of ''Film/LogansRun''.
** The book version had people (and cities, etc) all over the Earth, with no domes.
* The Mars colony in the original ''Film/TotalRecall1990''.
* The town where most of the action takes place in ''Film/TheTrumanShow'', though the main character doesn't realize it.
* The enclave in ''{{Zardoz}}''.
* In ''Film/{{Impostor}}'', the cities are covered by defensive shields to protect them from Alpha Centauri attacks.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Literature]]

* In [[Literature/TheNightsDawnTrilogy Night's Dawn]], all the cities on [[{{Crapsackworld}} Earth]] are under giant domes, to protect them from the hurricane-on-steroids armada storms that rage across the planet. Before the domes were built, a farmer's pickup truck was found in New York City after a storm - in floor ''seventy'' of the Sears Tower.
* Creator/IsaacAsimov had two planets with the populations living in sealed cities: Trantor in ''The Psychohistorians'' and Earth in ''Literature/TheCavesOfSteel''. In both cases, the inhabitants developed a neurosis about the open air.
** The underground cities of Earth were built to be armored against nuclear bombs. Trantor's evolvement into a planet-wide city took a thousand years as the center of a galactic empire.
* David Wingrove's ''Literature/ChungKuo'' series provides an example of this, with seven enormous domed cities housing 36 billion people.
* [[LoisMcMasterBujold Bujold's]] ''[[Literature/VorkosiganSaga Vorkosigan]]'' books features two fairly important planets whose entire population is contained by these due to in-progress {{terraform}}ing; Beta Colony (the homeworld of Miles Vorkosigan's mother), and Komarr (annexed by Barrayar a generation ago lest it gets bribed or strongarmed into permitting ''another'' invasion). The technological and social implications are rather well discussed.
** The Cetagandans in the novels also use "force domes", but they can be switched on and off, and are used for temporary containment (prison camp) or just as security perimeters (the Celestial Garden). It's also possible to control the weather within the dome, which ensures the Emperor in the Celestial Garden doesn't get rained on.
* ArthurCClarke's ''The City and the Stars''.
* Featured in the teen dystopian novel ''Devil On My Back'' by Monica Hughes.
* Some cities in ''Literature/RedMars'' are in tents (some of which are dome-shaped), supported by the higher air pressure inside.
* The city of New London in the second book of the ''Literature/{{Spaceforce}}'' series is entirely enclosed under a dome, as are other separate facilities such as the nearby spaceport.
* A dome covers the public eating area in the Creator/KimNewman short story "Literature/TomorrowTown". Like everything else in the {{Zeerust}} "community of the future", it is somewhat impractical.
* Much of the action in William Gibson's "[[Literature/SprawlTrilogy Sprawl]]" novels and short-stories takes place in the wholly or partially domed Boston-Atlanta Metropolitan Axis mega-city.
* In Creator/JohnBrunner's ''Literature/StandOnZanzibar'' the island of Manhattan has been enclosed in a "Fuller Dome" (See Real Life section below). It went into some detail about the negative effects of doming a city.
* Creator/StephenKing's novel ''UnderTheDome'' deals with a small town in [[LovecraftCountry Maine]] that is quite suddenly, and unexpectedly, placed... well, [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin guess]].
* In ''Literature/{{Gone}}'', a dome appears over Perdido Beach (actually, in a 10-mile radius around the nearby nuclear power plant) at the same time [[OnlyFatalToAdults everyone older than 14 disappears]].
* The idea is OlderThanRadio, appearing in the 1881 socialist and white supremacist fantasy ''Three Hundred Years Hence'' by British author William Delisle Hay. Hay's book describes a future civilization where most of humanity lives in glass-domed cities beneath the sea, allowing the surface to be used primarily for agriculture.
* Steven Millhauser has an odd little short story called "The Dome" where he describes a world where first domes were built over individual houses, to protect them from weather, burglars, etc, then neighborhoods became domed, then entire cities, and finally the entire world was encased in a giant dome.
* Grayson, in the ''Literature/HonorHarrington'' series, developed these as a means of controlling the planet's high concentration of heavy metals. Given their limited tech base, these domes weren't all that large until allying with Manticore introduced them to crystoplast and other modern super-strong materials.
* In StephenBaxter's ''The Time Ships'', London (and most surviving cities) are domed with concrete as protection against the bombs of an artificially-prolonged World War I. [[spoiler: The dome gets broken while we watch.]]
* In the Literature/ApprenticeAdept novels by PiersAnthony, the inhabitants of Proton live in domed communities because the mining of protonite has ravaged the planet's ecology, rendering its atmosphere toxic.
* The alien Masters in Literature/TheTripods use domes to recreate their home planet's atmosphere.
* A domed city ''within'' a city appears in ''Literature/PerdidoStreetStation'', as the cactacea of New Crobuzon built themselves a gigantic greenhouse to live in.
* Creator/JamesBlish created not only domed cities out of familiar earth cities like Pittsburgh and New York but they travelled through space looking for work in his ''Literature/CitiesInFlight'' series. The domes and the motive force for traversing the stars were created by enormously powerful machines he called "spindizzies"
* The island of the Skeezers in ''[[Literature/LandOfOz Glinda of Oz]]'' is covered by a glass dome, and can be magically lowered beneath the surface of the lake so that it becomes an UnderwaterCity.
* Deconstructed in Donald E. Westlake's "The Risk Profession", in which the asteroid-belt outpost of Atronics City is protected by a dome ... of solid iron, because a transparent one would be too fragile and would get so scratched up by dust particles that you couldn't see in or out anyway.
* The CthulhuMythos AlternateHistory short story, "A Colder War", by Creator/CharlesStross. The last survivors of the human race eke out their existence in XK-Masada, a city on an alien planet built beneath a mile-high dome designed by Buckminster Fuller.
* Most of the large cities in the ''RevelationSpace'' universe are enclosed under pressurized domes, as most planets are {{Death World}}s. Chasm City is the most notable, with a 60 kilometer wide dome covering the city and the volcano-like rupture in the center of the city that produces the breathable air.
* The Fours' Cities (of which there are only three for some reason) in TanithLee's Literature/BitingTheSun are under domes that keep a breathable atmosphere in, since the oxygen concentration outside the domes is so low that humanity can't survive without oxygen pills.
* In RobertAHeinlein's ''Literature/TheMoonIsAHarshMistress'' most of the Lunar settlements are underground caves and warrens, though one section of Luna City is referred to as "Old Dome," and is implied to be a large dome at or near the Moon's surface which the city outgrew.
* ''Dragons Can Only Rust'' and ''Dragon Reforged'' by Chris Cymri start off in a religious community enclosed in a force field dome, one of the few pockets of civilization in a post-apocalyptic world.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Live Action TV ]]

* New Chicago in the ''[[Series/BuckRogersInThe25thCentury Buck Rogers]]'' TV series.
* The Citadel of the Time Lords in ''Series/DoctorWho'', on Gallifrey. Notable in that it seems the dome is just there to look pretty.
** Played straight, however, with the Thal Dome and the Kaled Dome in ''[[Recap/DoctorWhoS12E4GenesisOfTheDaleks Genesis of the Daleks]]''.
* Corinth in ''Series/PowerRangersRPM'', as befitting of a "last bastion of humanity in a world ruled by robots" setting.
** Honorable mention goes to Terra Venture of ''Series/PowerRangersLostGalaxy'', which was of course covered by a dome because it was a colony ship designed to take a city of people to another planet.
* ''Series/StargateSG1'', "Beneath the Surface" and "Revisions". Each with a [[{{Aesoptinum}} dark secret]]. Not to mention Atlantis from ''Series/StargateAtlantis'', at least under the Ancients when they had the power to maintain the shield.
* ''Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries''. In the first pilot ("The Cage"), when the Talosians give Captain Pike the illusion of being back on Earth, a matte-painted domed city (Mojave, California) is seen in the background.
* ''Series/BlakesSeven'' sets most of its first episode in one.
* ''Series/BabylonFive'': a love affair with DomedHometown if there ever was one. Earthdome, capital of the Earth Alliance, is Geneva under a dome or series of domes. Marsdome and other Mars cities are under domes. The science base studying the Shadow vessel on Ganymede featured a large dome under which the ship was kept and which shattered when it took off. The "capital city" of the Shadows on Z'Ha'Dum was underground and featured a large dome. By extension, several human starship designs are fundamentally spherical, with the Babylon stations being a collection of spherical and cylindrical sections.
* Troy in the re-imagined ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|Reimagined}}'' was this according to a deleted scene. The [[ConvenientlyUnverifiableCoverStory mining accident on Troy]] was a massive explosion that caused the dome to collapse.
* The [[{{Precursors}} Silver Millennium]] is reimagined as one of these in ''Series/PrettyGuardianSailorMoon'', while the rest of the Moon at that time had the barren surface we know.
* One ''SaturdayNightLive'' sketch opens with a fake advertisement touting putting a dome over your house as the next big thing in home security... only for EddieMurphy to interrupt and run down [[DeconstructedTrope every disadvantage of such a practice]].

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Music ]]

* [[Music/TheChurch The Church]]'s song "Dome":
->I saw this film about some people who lived in a dome
->in a beautiful field next to a river of foam
->I fell asleep before it was over...

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* Alpha Complex in ''TabletopGame/{{Paranoia}}''. Unless it's actually an ElaborateUndergroundBase; the GameMaster is invited to play fast and loose with even setting basics like this to keep players off guard.
* Aquas, an undersea version, is one of the quirkier outposts of the Alphatian Empire in the ''TabletopGame/{{Mystara}}'' D&D setting. [[spoiler: After the Alphatian mainland sinks in the ''Wrath of the Immortals'' Adventure Path, Aquas becomes the new capital of what's left of the Empire. At least, what's left on the outer world.]]
* In BattleTech background material there's mention of worlds where at least some of the population lives in underwater dome cities.
* Most major planetary or lunar surface colonies in ''TabletopGame/EclipsePhase''. The exceptions being those on the few inhabitable exosolar worlds that have been discovered and some cities and towns on Mars designed for Rusters, who can breathe the semi-terraformed atmosphere.
* In the ''TabletopGame/{{Planescape}}'' campaign, there's the City of Glass on the Elemental Plane of Water. The name is kind of a misnomer. Most of it is actually made of a rare substance called Eternal Ice (which is ice that does not melt) with a glass dome over it. It is populated by a variety of races, both native to the Plane and immigrants from elsewhere.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Video Games ]]

* The future of A.D. 2300 in ''VideoGame/ChronoTrigger'' features the ruins of domed cities from before the apocalypse.
* Parts of Midgar in ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII''; [[spoiler:Sector 7 is the "Domed and Doomed" variant, as the baddies try to [[ColonyDrop drop that part]] on the heroes. While they miss the [=PCs=], in the process they kill everyone there, including three members of LaResistance.]]
* The guild of glass makers in the adventure game ''VideoGame/{{Loom}}'' live in one of these. Made of glass, natch.
* All bases (cities) in ''SidMeiersAlphaCentauri''. [[JustifiedTrope Justified]] because Planet's atmosphere is toxic to humans. A particularly dome-happy faction are the pirates, but they build floating bases on oceans. Another point is that sea bases come with a specific structure for free, the Pressure Dome, which is meant to protect against possible submersion (and also works as a Recycling Tanks facility).
* In ''{{Spore}}'' if you place a colony on a planet with poor atmosphere then it'll generate a domed shield to protect its inhabitants.
* In ''Anime/DigitalDevilSaga: Avatar Tuner 2'', humans who don't want to [[spoiler:get turned to stone by the corrupted data coming from the Sun]] have two choices: live in these, or become [[spoiler:[[ImAHumanitarian man-eating demons]]]].
* [[ShockingSwerve Major plot twist]] in ''VideoGame/CustomRobo'' (for the Nintendo Gamecube, not the original Japanese game). The main cast is revealed to have been living in a blissful artificial town surrounded by and protected from the devastation and decay of the real world. Even nature as we know it no longer exists, and grass and trees are manmade.
* {{Atlantis}} in ''VideoGame/IndianaJonesAndTheFateOfAtlantis'' is an UnderwaterBase that happens to be an AdvancedAncientAcropolis which sank into the ocean, protected by machines powered by [[BambooTechnology stone-age]] {{orichalcum}}. It's thoroughly [[RagnarokProofing Ragnarok-proofed]] despite sitting on a volcano.
* Ciel Shelter, the first town in ''VideoGame/WildArms4'', fits this to a tee. [[spoiler: The generator keeping the town floating in the sky is damaged, however, and the entire dome falls into the sea.]]
* In ''VideoGame/{{G-Police}}'' the various sections of Earth's colony on the Jovian moon Calliso are contained within domes to contain a breathable atmosphere. The domes appear to be made of a mesh of laser beams but they make a metalic clanging sound if they are rammed. In one mission some terrorists hijack a train-load of bombs and attempt to detonate them in one of the tunnels that connect these domes in an attempt to fracture them.
* All of the major cities in ''VideoGame/{{Opoona}}'' are like this, and are even generally referred to as "domes." They're there to keep out the horrible monsters roaming the wilderness. At one point, you even get to explore an old dome that [[TechnoWreckage didn't keep them out well enough.]]
* Sections of Rapture in ''Franchise/BioShock'' feature somewhat of a variation on this, though not the whole city but only sections of open plazas being encased under glass barrel arches, it's a barrel arched town.

[[/folder]]

[[folder: Web Comics ]]

* ''[[http://brokenspacecomic.com Broken Space]]'' begins in the domed city of Hentune.
* In ''{{Heartcore}}'', humans live in cities encased in domes to protect them from an enviornment too hostile for them to survive in.
* In ''{{Sinfest}}'', [[http://www.sinfest.net/archive_page.php?comicID=1661 Slick promises -- or threatens -- domed cities while running for president.]]
* Being created by two guys who really like to ShowTheirWork, ''AMiracleOfScience'' averts this trope, and a detailed explanation of ''why'' it's an AvertedTrope appears in TheRant under one of the strips.[[note]] The gist of it is that it would severely limit the expansion of the city, be hideously expensive without some kind of AppliedPhlebotinum and [[NoOSHACompliance hundreds of people would die if it were damaged by accident or sabotage]].[[/note]]
[[/folder]]


[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* The city of Amity Park in the TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture ''WesternAnimation/DannyPhantom'' Movie "The Ultimate Enemy", where it has been domed to protect it from ghosts attacks. (Specifically from Dark Danny).
** [[spoiler:There's also the implication that the rest of the world has been razed by Dark Danny.]]
* The dome over Springfield in the quote from ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsonsMovie'' is a slight reversal; it's there to let Springfield go to hell and spare the outside world.
* RockyAndBullwinkle once visited Submerbia, an underwater domed city that was menaced by Maybe Dick, the Wailing Whale.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Cyberchase}}'': The town of Happily Ever After builds an enormous glass dome to keep [[BigBad the Hacker]] out. Hacker schemes to break through by having [[HotWitch Wicked]] break through the dome with her [[GlassShatteringSound glass shattering voice]].
* Brainy in ''WesternAnimation/TheSmurfs'' cast the entire village inside a soundproof dome, and the only way the Smurflings (who are trapped outside) can break the dome is with the sound of a pin drop.
* Kiev in ''WesternAnimation/GeneratorRex'' has been encased in a dome to stop the huge number of dangerous E.V.O.s populating it escaping.
* ''WesternAnimation/MegasXLR'' features a domed city in the Episode "Ultra Chicks."
* ''WesternAnimation/AdventuresOfTheGalaxyRangers'': All that is left of "civilization" on the WretchedHive planet of Tortuna is a handful of domed cities. The rest is a desert wasteland after [[GodSaveUsFromTheQueen The Queen]] [[BigBad of the Crowns]] bombed most of the planet.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Real Life ]]

* In 1979-80 the town planners of Winooski, Vermont [[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,912572,00.html seriously]] [[http://www.csmonitor.com/1980/0415/041538.html proposed]] building a dome over 850 acres of the downtown (the whole town is 1 square mile in area), getting to the point where Buckminster Fuller visited the area and headlined a conference at nearby St. Michael's College. Years later, the long-forgotten proposal showed up, ''[[CriticalResearchFailure described as having been built]]'', in a Chinese MiddleSchool [[http://www.virtualvermont.com/towns/Winooski.pdf textbook]].
* [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckminster_Fuller Buckminster Fuller]] famously advocated that large areas, including cities, should be enclosed in the geodesic "Fuller" domes with which his name is always associated, although he did not in fact invent them. He pointed out that the hot air rising from a typical city would be sufficient to support the dome like an inflated balloon.
* Frédéric Bastiat, a 19th century DeadpanSnarker economist, in his satirical "Candlemakers Petition," suggested that the government should build domes around cities, to protect candlemakers (and industries that are involved in candlemaking) from "harmful" competition from the Sun. This was a TakeThat against protectionists who argued that importation of foreign goods ought to be restricted.
* The Habitat and Biosphere 2 projects, in which researchers were attempting to live in a self-contained environment (to see what sort of problems they might run into if they built similar structures in, say, outer space). Results were rather poor. This was unfortunate for prospects of space travel, naturally. They ''did'' successfully discover a lot of things ''not'' to do...
* WaltDisney's [[WhatCouldHaveBeen original 1966 plan]] for Epcot, which could be best described as "[[VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII Midgar]] under a giant polymer dome."
* An idea to build a domed city in Alaska, to be called "Seward's Success", was (unsurprisingly) never built.
* Similar ideas were presented to protect major city centers in the US as a response to climate change.
[[/folder]]

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