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You know that film/show/video game with the hilarious send-up of that major corporation, famous religion or washed-up celebrity? Well, [[WordOfGod according to the creators]], that's not what it was about at all. In fact, despite the obvious similarities and paper-thin alterations that make it a clear parody, they claim it's not a parody of anything in particular.

It should be noted that the standard disclaimer "[[ThisIsAWorkOfFiction any similarity to persons living or dead...]]" does not constitute a denial in this case (indeed, some disclaimers now acknowledge that such names may be used fictitiously). After all, ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' had a character named UsefulNotes/BillClinton who was president of the United States, and despite the disclaimer, it is doubtful that they were denying that it was based on the real-life person. This trope only applies when it's a specific denial.

Also, this trope does not cover situations where the denials are plausible--for example, [=McBain=] on ''The Simpsons'' could easily be a parody of the character from the Creator/ChristopherWalken film ''[=McBain=]'', if it weren't for the fact that the film was released 8 months after [=McBain=]'s first appearance on ''The Simpsons''. In this case, the denial is plausible.

This is usually due to one of two reasons:

# Fear of lawsuits
# A direct parody may give the authors less freedom, since all of the humorous features of the fictional thing must be based on characteristics of the thing being parodied.

NoCelebritiesWereHarmed can overlap with this if the caricatured version of the person was not really meant as a parody of them.

This is the {{Opposite Trope|s}} of ParodyRetcon, in which a work that is not seen as a parody is retroactively declared one by the creators.

Compare IndecisiveParody, where due to some reason it's not really certain whether the work is a parody at all.

See also [[IndecisiveDeconstruction Unintentional Deconstruction]], where a work that can be interpreted as a {{Deconstruction}} was not intended to be one, and AccidentalAesop, where the work is interpreted as presenting a specific message when the creators didn't intend that one or even none at all.



[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* When ''Anime/CodeGeass'' first came out, a lot of fans believed it was a parody-slash-critique of the [[UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush Bush administration]] and the WarOnTerror. When asked about this in an interview, director Goro Taniguchi denied that there was any political motivation behind the plot and said that his goal was just to make an entertaining TV show.

* The boss from ''Literature/TheDevilWearsPrada'' bears a striking similarity to Vogue's editor Anna Wintour, but the author maintains that she is a composite of fiction and various stories of her friends' first jobs.
* Creator/StevenSoderbergh's ''Schizopolis'' features a self-help religion called Eventualism, based on a book by T. Azimuth Schwitters and featuring a volcano on its cover. But it's not a parody of Happyology.
** This is a good example of the second rationale above. Aside from the name, Schwitters doesn't seem to have anything in common with Creator/LRonHubbard.
* ''Film/GoodNightAndGoodLuck'', a film about [=McCarthyism=], is widely seen as being a commentary about the legal processes for alleged unlawful combatants in Guantanamo Bay. The creators deny any such connection.
* ''Film/TheCrucible'' is commonly interpreted as an {{anvilicious}} commentary on a contemporary legal scare. In the case of ''The Crucible'', that was [=McCarthyism=], though Arthur Miller denied it at the time.
* Creator/MerylStreep denied that her character in ''Film/TheManchurianCandidate'' was a parody of Hillary Clinton. Given that [[OlderThanTheyThink the original version of the film was released in the 1960s]], she probably has a point. (Although, they ''do'' have similar PowerHair...)
* Creator/OrsonWelles denied that the lead character of ''Film/CitizenKane'' was based on William Randolph Hearst. It's unclear whether Welles was telling the truth, but Hearst certainly went out of his way to make sure everyone would think Kane was based off him. [[HypocriticalHumor How very Charles Foster Kane of him.]]
** Hearst: "Please remain. You furnish the pictures, and I'll furnish the war." Kane: "Dear Wheeler, You provide the prose poems. I'll provide the war." Completely different!
** Welles actually tried to get around this by including a line in the film in which a journalist makes a reference to both Kane and Hearst, thus indicating that Hearst actually exists as a separate entity in the ''Film/CitizenKane'' universe. In later interviews, Welles stated that Hearst along with Howard Hughes and other industrialists were certainly influences on Kane, but that Kane was never intended as a parody/critique/insult to Hearst specifically or other industrialists, it was meant as a serious exploration of an American mythical hero, the tycoon and capitalist.
* The ''Creator/MontyPython'' team have always denied that ''Film/MontyPythonsLifeOfBrian'' was a parody of the UsefulNotes/{{Jesus}} story - instead it's just a story about a guy called Brian living around the same time who is mistaken for the Messiah. The parody is about the various trappings of the religion - things like emphasis on symbols and extreme sectarianism and interpretations of Jesus's teachings that [[CompletelyMissingThePoint completely miss the point]], while the teachings themselves are left intact. They never said they weren't making fun of religion, they just said they weren't making fun of ''Jesus''. And they weren't. At least, not more than a couple of times. ("Bloody do-gooder.") They rejected their initial concept of Brian as a forgotten disciple of Jesus because the laughs stopped dead whenever Jesus was around none of them felt comfortable directly making jokes about Him because [[JesusWasWayCool there's nothing to really mock about the man Himself]].
* While ''Film/ThePresidentsAnalyst'' was being filmed, the FBI, not pleased with their portrayal, threatened massive tax audits on the director/writer. After renaming the pertinent intelligence agencies, he added the opening disclaimer:
-->This film has not been made with the consent or cooperation of the Federal Board of Regulations (F.B.R.) or the Central Enquires Agency (C.E.A.). Any resemblance to persons living or dead is purely coincidental, and so forth and so on.
* ''Film/JamesBond'':
** Ever since the mid-nineties ''Film/TheLivingDaylights'' has had a Denied Parody disclaimer slapped on the character of Kamran Shah. He definitely isn't based on Osama Bin Laden at all, just a generic tall, bearded, Western-educated radical Islamist Afghan-insurgent who was funded by MI6 and CIA to fight the Soviets.
** While Elliot Carver from ''Film/TomorrowNeverDies'' looks at first glance like a thinly disguised version of Rupert Murdoch, the movie's main writer claims he was actually based on Robert Maxwell (this is supported by the cover story for Carver's death and the public's reaction to it mirroring Maxwell's fatal boat accident).
* The writer of ''Film/{{Scarface 1932}}'' denied any connection to Al Capone (whose EmbarrassingNickname was "Scarface") when confronted by some of Capone's men, insisting that it was just a work of fiction. The film was an adaptation of the novel ''Scarface'', which was somewhat influenced by Capone.
* Director Creator/TimBurton went on record as saying that Creator/JohnnyDepp's interpretation of Willy Wonka in the [[Film/CharlieAndTheChocolateFactory 2005 film adaptation]] of ''Literature/CharlieAndTheChocolateFactory'' was NOT a parody or {{Expy}} of Music/MichaelJackson after the bulk of reviews of the film pointed out the similarities between the two figures -- and, at least in Creator/RogerEbert's review, actually counted it as a point against the film because it came off as so creepy. This is another of the more plausible denials, as the resemblances between the two -- both are soft-spoken, pale, UncannyValley-appearing ReclusiveArtist {{Man Child}}ren -- owe more to Burton's usual character aesthetics and Depp taking inspiration from the above-mentioned Anna Wintour in appearance and the original novel's characterization in personality. (Jackson himself had sought the role out when the project was announced for that reason.) Unfortunately, the superficial similarities came along just after Jackson's months-long trial on child molestation charges wrapped up.
* According to Creator/PeterJackson, ''Film/MeetTheFeebles'' is not a parody of ''Franchise/TheMuppets''. While he ''did'' say he was inspired by it, he claims that the film is more of a satire on human behavior. Indeed, the movie was never advertised as a parody of any kind. It was only ever marketed as "the adult puppet movie."

* Willie Stark, the governor in ''Literature/AllTheKingsMen'', is widely held to be a parody of Gov. Huey Long. The author claims that this belief is "innocent boneheadedness."
* Arguably, Creator/MarkTwain's line at the beginning of ''Literature/TheAdventuresOfHuckleberryFinn'' was meant to veil the satire and parody that the book contained:
-->NOTICE: Persons attempting to find a motive in this narrative will be prosecuted; persons attempting to find a moral in it will be banished; persons attempting to find a plot in it will be shot. BY ORDER OF THE AUTHOR, per G.G., Chief of Ordnance.

[[folder:Live-Action TV]]
* It is often assumed that Tommy Carcetti in ''Series/TheWire'' is based on former mayor of Baltimore, Martin O'Malley. David Simon and the writers clarify that he's modeled after a number of obscure Baltimore politicians.
* Jennifer Saunders denied that her character, Eddie in ''Series/AbsolutelyFabulous'' was a parody of PR guru Lynne Franks; the character was actually derived from [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfNKjINokAY this sketch]] that she did with Dawn French in ''Series/FrenchAndSaunders'', where the responsible daughter had to look after her flighty teenager-like mother. Of course, for ''Series/AbsolutelyFabulous'' both characters needed expanding, so it's still possible.
* Alex Borstein has flatly denied that Ms Swan, a character she did on ''Series/{{MADtv}}'', is an old Asian woman, and claims she's based on her grandmother. [[SarcasmMode Uh huh. Sure.]] (The Vancome Lady thinks she's Icelandic.)
* An InUniverse example on ''Series/MurderSheWrote'' had a man cleared but largely suspected of murdering his wife attempting to sue Jessica over one of her novels which just happened to have similarities to the case, including the husband being the prime suspect. After finally reading the book himself and finding out the husband wasn't the killer in the book either he agreed to drop the lawsuit, but was killed before he could.

* Indie band Music/HalfManHalfBiscuit deny that their song "Shit Arm, Bad Tattoo", is in any way about real band Music/TheLibertines, their arms or tattoos. This is despite a number of extraordinarily specific details, from the title's description of cover of the Libertines' first album, to a lengthy rant directed at people who incorrectly refer to the biblical Revelation (singular) of St John the Divine as the Book of Revelations (plural), a solecism coincidentally to be found in the lyrics of the Libertines' "What A Waster".
* Music/PaulMcCartney's song "Let me Roll It" sounds like Music/JohnLennon, but Paul says it's just a coincidence.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The makers of ''Franchise/DeadSpace'' insist that the [[ChurchOfHappyology Church Of Unitology]] isn't based on the Church of Scientology. They claim that they were trying to create the archetypal cult and just ''happened'' to come up with one resembling Scientology.

* David Morgan-Mar will often insist that ''Webcomic/IrregularWebcomic'' plotlines and characters that are clearly based on RealLife have nothing to do with them (for example, [[Series/CrocodileHunter Steve Irwin]] and the "Steve and Terri" comics). In all fairness, it's probably sarcastic.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* Parodied in and of itself on ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''. Bart denies his comicbook character "Angry Dad", an {{Expy}} of ''TheIncredibleHulk'', is based on Homer, claiming instead he is a composite character, based on his dad, Lisa's dad, and Maggie's dad.
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'': "[[RattlingOffLegal Weresemblebutarelegallydistinctfrom]] the Lollipop Guild, the Lollipop Guild!"