[[quoteright:349:[[Manga/ShamanKing http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/conchiponchi.jpg]]]]
[[caption-width-right:349: Say hello to [[WesternAnimation/TheRenAndStimpyShow Ponchi and Conchi.]]]]

You're watching the dub of an anime, playing a localized version of an imported game, or reading a book or manga in translation. You stumble across a cultural reference that you're absolutely sure [[{{Woolseyism}} couldn't have been in the original]] -- it just seems too culturally out-of-place to have been in the original source. Except that it ''was'' [[ShoutOut in the original]].

Thanks to the increasingly international nature of popular culture, combined with PopCulturalOsmosis, an all-too-familiar cultural reference has managed to make its way halfway around the world, showing up in a completely unexpected place.



[[folder:Anime and Manga]]
* ''Webcomic/TowerOfGod'': Repellista Zahard's door has a sign with [[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim Fus Roh Da]] written on it.
* Being a series [[ReferenceOverdosed based around pop-culture-themed alternate dimensions]], ''Anime/MagicalShoppingArcadeAbenobashi'' runs up and down the buffet line between western and eastern popular culture of multiple genres.
* The notorious ''[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AeDBIwRe2AE Daicon IV]]'' short film made by then-unknown Creator/StudioGainax animators. The video itself is set to an Music/ElectricLightOrchestra song, and the animators took the opportunity to include as many {{cameo}}s of sci-fi, animation and fantasy characters as possible: not only Japanese {{Sentai}} and {{anime}} characters show up, but a crapload of Western characters appear as well, including but not limited to the [[Film/TheWizardOfOz Tin Man]], [[Film/EscapeFromNewYork Snake Plissken]], the female robot from ''Film/{{Metropolis}}'', a Martian from the 1953 film version of ''Film/TheWarOfTheWorlds'', and even...[[WesternAnimation/WackyRaces Muttley]]!
* ''Manga/RiskySafety'':
** There's one line in which the protagonist's relationship is compared to that between [[Franchise/StarWars Anakin and Amidala]].
** Another pair of episodes are titled in a way evocative of the ''Film/AustinPowers'' movies.
* ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'':
** In a Christmas episode, Osaka rambles in her typical {{Cloudcuckoolander}}ish way about RudolphTheRedNosedReindeer.
** The manga also contains a reference to the movie ''Film/RunawayBride''.
* ''Manga/FruitsBasket'':
** The conflict between Kyo and Yuki is compared to that between another famous cat and mouse, ''WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry''. Turns out that cartoon is quite popular in Japan, the only American series amongst [[http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2005-09-23/tv-asahi-top-100-anime the top 100 animated series in Japan]].
** There's also a reference to ''Franchise/FridayThe13th'' in the chapter where some of the characters go on a vacation to a cabin in the woods.
* ''Anime/PaniPoniDash''. That show has references to almost ''anything'':
** For instance, a shot-for-shot ShoutOut to the Catwoman origin scene in ''Film/BatmanReturns''.
** It has several ChuckNorris jokes in the original Japanese dialogue. This eventually culminates in a still of Chuck Norris' character lying dead after his fight with BruceLee in that one movie.
** And then there is the ''Literature/{{Discworld}}'' reference in episode 15 with Himeko as A'Tuin. Episode 15, wherein the class is trapped on a bus teetering on the edge of a cliff, seems to be based on an episode of ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark''.
** And the repeated references to ''Film/FullMetalJacket''. Someone ''really'' loves that movie, goddamn. "This private's rifle is named Charlene, sir!"
** And a shout out to Carl Lewis in one of the chalkboard gags. The DVD covers are also strongly referential; you have Becky dressed up as Film/TheTerminator and Slash from Guns n' Roses, and in one of the eyecatches she dresses as the Bride from ''Film/KillBill''. Another scene transition features the manly Mesousa as Jack Torrence from ''Film/TheShining'' and Akane Serizawa as ''Franchise/SpiderMan''. Later that same episode, you have scene transitions that feature the cast as the cast of ''Armageddon'' and ''Ocean's Twelve''. Episode 20 opens with a montage featuring a CaptainErsatz version of the ''Franchise/StarWars'' movies.
** And episode 19 features Himeko talking about ComicBook/{{Hellboy}} and Comicbook/{{Daredevil}}. And in another episode, an InfoDump is given by the girls as the Tracy family of ''Series/{{Thunderbirds}}'', complete with the blinking-eye paintings.
** Then there's Colonel Sanders, and Alien Captain is [[Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration Captain Picard]]. This is taken to the extreme in the last few episodes, where the Alien Captain and both Alien Subordinates have straight up become Picard, Riker, and Geordi physically, except wearing sunglasses to provide plausible deniability as to their identities. As the pop-up trivia track on the original US release reveals, the Captain is even voiced by the same man who dubbed Picard in Japanese.
* ''Anime/DaiMahouTouge'' references ''Film/{{Platoon}}'' and ''Film/ApocalypseNow'', among others, during a sequence showing how Paya-tan saves the entire area from a nuke that Punie summons up because she can't pass a test.
* ''Literature/AnneOfGreenGables'' is surprisingly well-known in Japan; it helps that an anime series was based on it. For example:
** ''Anime/RODTheTV'', as part of the bond between one main character and her best friend.
** [[{{Pollyanna}} Kafuka]] is compared to her in the first episode of ''SayonaraZetsubouSensei''.
** Referenced and quoted a couple times in ''Manga/WanderingSon.''
* ''Literature/LittleWomen'' is also surprisingly well-known in Japan, being adapted into at least 3 anime movies and mini-series, not including ''Anime/BurstAngel''. Lillian's Drama Club do a stage version of it in the fourth season of ''LightNovel/MariaSamaGaMiteru''
* Colonel Sanders:
** The founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken has shown up everywhere from ''LightNovel/{{Slayers}}'' to ''Anime/ProjectAKo'', usually in the form of the statue that apparently stands in front of every KFC in Japan.
** ''Manga/MahouSenseiNegima'' in particular has a glaring example: Albiero Imma enters a tournament under the name "Ku:nel Sanders" and insists that everyone refers to him by that name.
** The ridiculous propensity of the Colonel's popularity is almost a case of real life Cultural Cross Reference. Firstly, for the role of one of those famous statues in the long-standing ''Curse of the Colonel'' haunting the Hanshin Tigers, and the very means of KFC's popularity in Japan: Due to the sheer lack of turkeys in Japan, KFC promoted its fried chicken as the closest thing to an honest-to-god classic Christmas Dinner. [[http://www.longcountdown.com/2006/11/27/its-a-kfc-christmas/ It's ingrained deeply enough that not only is fried chicken now considered the Japanese Christmas staple (enough that you need to order several DAYS ahead of time in order to get a dinner on Christmas)]], but there are actually people in Japan who genuinely ''don't know the company isn't Japanese''.
* ''Anime/ProjectAKo'' also contains cameo appearances by Franchise/{{Superman}} and WonderWoman...as ''the title character's parents''.
* ''Manga/UruseiYatsura'':
** At least a third the episodes in the anime have an obvious Franchise/{{Superman}} pastiche somewhere in the background -- and in one episode as a throwaway one-shot character. (In one sequence where Ataru was fantasizing about all the "cool alien babes" at a celebration he had been invited to, one of the "cool alien babes" was obviously ComicBook/{{Supergirl}} in her 1960's blue dress.)
** ''Urusei Yatsura'' also frequently features background cameos from Franchise/{{Batman}}, Franchise/{{Frankenstein}}, Film/{{The Wolfman|1941}}, etc. in addition to similarly iconic Japanese characters (Franchise/KamenRider, Series/{{Ultraman}}, and so on). Episode 54, "The Big Year-End Party Lum Is Planning!" takes the cake, with references to Franchise/SherlockHolmes, Franchise/TheLoneRanger ("Hi-ho Silver!"), Literature/ArseneLupin, and an ''Literature/ArabianNights''-style genie, in addition to the aforementioned background cameos and a host of native Japanese references. ''UY'' loved its Shout Outs.
** Episode 89 also made an [[Franchise/StarWars "It's a]] [[MemeticMutation TRAP!"]] reference over two decades before anyone else. It's part of a fantasy sequence that's basically one big reference to ''Film/ReturnOfTheJedi''.
** There are many episodes where Onsen-mark reads various bits of English to the class; in one of these (specifically, episode 139), what he says is "[[Music/TheBeatles Yesterday, all my troubles seemed so far away. Now, I need a place to hide away. Oh, I believe in yesterday.]]" (Incidentally, the song does not have that exact sequence of lyrics; it is parts of two different verses mixed together.)
* ''Manga/LuckyStar''':
** One scene references ''Film/TheKarateKid''.
** Many viewers were surprised when the clock/split-screen style of ''[[Series/TwentyFour 24]]'' was parodied while the cast was preparing Konata's birthday party. Apparently, [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K_swFUVeVKo Jack Bauer is just as popular in Japan]].
** There was Episode 9, where the girls went to see ''Film/SawIII''. Unsurprisingly, Tsukasa didn't enjoy it much.
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'':
** The "walls of Jericho" bit (see ThisIsMySide) would qualify. It's quite obscure, but is in the original version and refers to the Creator/ClarkGable film, ''Film/ItHappenedOneNight''.
** Voice actress Yuko Miyamura compared the experience of playing Asuka with being Anne Sulivan (Helen Keller's teacher, see ''The Miracle Worker'') in an interview later reprinted in the English Language edition.
** Being a Gainax production, ''Evangelion'' is ''packed'' with references to popular and classical culture from around the world. The Judeo-Christian themes and imagery are only the tip of the iceberg. See the ShoutOut list on the series page for more details.
* ''Manga/ElfenLied'':
** Kouta once wore a T-shirt with a Franchise/{{Batman}} logo.
** Nana sometimes wears a hoodie with a little ''VideoGame/PacMan'' logo on it. Though Pac-Man is originally a Japanese series. It's [[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff not as popular in its home country]].
* Tsubaki Domyoji uses an obscure quote of Ernest Hemingway's (which Tsukasa proceeds to mutilate in his typical fashion) in the j-drama ''Manga/HanaYoriDango''.
* ''LightNovel/FullMetalPanic'':
** In the first episode, one of the things in Kaname's school bag is a copy of ''Literature/SoLongAndThanksForAllTheFish''.
** One blackboard gag in ''Anime/PaniPoniDash'' mentions Literature/TheRestaurantAtTheEndOfTheUniverse.
** Chidori also likes to watch a mashup of what seems to be SpiderMan and LoneWolfAndCub (or any other shogun series)called ''Spider Detective''.
** In the LightNovel series upon which the anime is based, Mardukas is a fan of ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus'', as indicated by his threatening to inflict punishments like "Silly Walk" and "teaching self-defense class with a banana" on Sosuke. These were mostly removed from the anime for fear that nobody would get the reference, except for one instance that ends up a double ShoutOut - a parody of the famous ''Film/{{Psycho}}'' shower scene, with the stalker wielding a banana.
** One episode of ''Anime/FullMetalPanicFumoffu'' has Sosuke training the school's rugby team. Sosuke trains them in the style of a Marine Sergeant, a lot of his dialogue comes from Gunnary Sergeant Hartman of the similarly named ''Film/FullMetalJacket''.
** "Tokko Yarou?", the series' Next Episode Preview song, is a SuspiciouslySimilarSong version of ''Series/TheATeam'' theme song.
** The very last ShoutOut in the entire series comes from [[ArtificialIntelligence Al]], who has the following humble request:
-->'''Al:''' Then when we run away, would you please install me in a car? [[Series/KnightRider I would prefer a Trans-Am.]]
* ''Anime/{{FLCL}}'':
** The infamous ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' sequence in episode 5. Interestingly, in the US DVD commentary, director Tsurumaki mentions that when they made that episode (in 2000), nobody in Japan had ever heard of ''South Park'', so the reference went completely over viewers' heads.
** Freeze-frame and you can also catch a ''ComicBook/{{Hellboy}}'' brand pencil case in one episode.
** Haruko name drops JimiHendrix and PaulMcCartney near the beginning of episode 5. Yes, it's in the Japanese script too.
* The beginning of the ''Manga/{{Geobreeders}}'' OVA features a bad guy in an [[ProfessionalWrestling nWo]] hoodie.
* In ''Manga/ShamanKing'', the characters Ponchi and Conchi (pictured) bear a striking--and wholly intentional--resemblance to ''WesternAnimation/TheRenAndStimpyShow.'' (The artist, not surprisingly, is a fan.)
* In ''Anime/{{Potemayo}}'', the amount of HoYay between ThoseTwoGuys is only aided by the way one of them refers to ''Film/BrokebackMountain'' and says, "Isn't friendship between men beautiful...?" In another episode, two students discuss the plot of the movie ''Film/SomeLikeItHot''--turning out to be a MeaningfulBackgroundEvent, as the main character is forced to wear a [[WholesomeCrossdresser girl's outfit]] after his own clothes got dirty.
* ''Manga/SayonaraZetsubouSensei'':
** As well as Anne of Green Gables being mentioned above, there are references to the band Music/{{Kiss}}, Bob Ross, and ''ComicBook/{{Hellboy}}''. Music/MichaelJackson even got a cameo appearance in the OVA.
** One blackboard gag references Hiro and Sylar from ''Series/{{Heroes}}''.
* [[ComicBookAdaptation In the manga that leads]] to ''Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaStrikerS'', the trainees of the Ground Forces Military Academy are seen using one of the [[SoundOff cadences]] from ''Film/FullMetalJacket''.
* In ''Manga/HayateTheCombatButler'', when the show isn't referencing Japanese television, it throws in a few American references to shake things up. In one instance, there's a very obvious ''Series/KnightRider'' parody In fact, the series at one point makes reference to Neverland, and briefly features Michael Jackson.
* Learning foreign ship-naming conventions (or knowing who to ask), seems to be a common manga-ka talent. ''Manga/AhMyGoddess'' plays with this by naming a submarine in the "Terrible Master Urd" arc USS Sea Monkey.
** ''LightNovel/FullMetalPanic'' has several scenes where the Mithiril sub plays games with the USS Pasadena ([[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Pasadena_%28SSN-752%29 no such boat, but it is a Los Angeles Class...clever]]).
** There's also the food stand ''Ohio'' that sells ''Trident'' (missile-shaped instead of fish-shaped) bean pastries. Punning on Ohio being a homonym for ohayo (good morning/''it's early'' and the class name for the USA's "boomers" (which carry Trident missiles).
* ''Manga/{{Genshiken}}'':
** ''Genshiken'' once had someone compare Kasakube to an elf character from ''Roleplay/RecordOfLodossWar'', and she responded by talking about the elves from ''Film/TheLordOfTheRings'' (probably the movie).
** The ''[[Series/TwentyFour 24]]'' ticking clock when preparing for [=ComiFes=].
* ''LightNovel/HaruhiSuzumiya'':
** In addition to all its references to other anime, ''LightNovel/HaruhiSuzumiya'' also has quite a few cross-cultural shout-outs, to things like the ''Literature/HyperionCantos'' novels (one of which Yuki is seen reading a hides a message in) and ''Theatre/RosencrantzAndGuildensternAreDead''.
** Shout Outs? More like source material. Often whatever Yuki is reading has something to do with the plot at hand, as if she's studying up on what Terran literature has to say about the situation. Haruhi herself transcends the concept of GenreSavvy and sits as a God above all tropes. "Essays could be written here" doesn't even begin to describe the vast amount of references within the franchise. There are even musical ones, notably during the finale which plays Mahlar's "Symphony of a Thousand." The lyrics of the OminousLatinChanting is not only important to the scene at hand frame by frame, but to the franchise overall.
** Kyon name-drops Creator/HPLovecraft in TheMovie.
** The bit where Yuki is communicating with Kyon via the computer (Sleeping Beauty) surely has to count as a ShoutOut to Film/TheMatrix (Follow the white rabbit).
* ''Manga/ExcelSaga'' has all sorts of references to western pop culture, including an {{homage}} to both several pieces of anime and western animation in episode 17.
** In volume 19 of the manga, this exchange occurs:
-->'''Iwata:''' Wind, clouds, and the sun! Tell me if you have a thought![[note]]The editor's notes mention that this is a reference to ''Series/ChoujinkiMetalder''.[[/note]] What is love?\\
'''Sumiyoshi:''' [[FunetikAksent Ah aanly knaa]] [[Franchise/TheHitchhikersGuideToTheGalaxy th' answaa t' life, th' universe, an everything. It's 42.]]
** In volume 18 (?), when Iwata's coworkers asked him how much the (spoiled) meat they'd just eaten cost, Iwata answered, in English, "Priceless", in an apparent reference to the [=MasterCard=] ads.
* The cockpit of one Gunmen in ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' has a freeze-frame cameo of ''[[WesternAnimation/SpongeBobSquarePants Squidward Tentacles]]'' of all people.
* ''Anime/CowboyBebop'':
** Nearly half of the episodes [[IdiosyncraticEpisodeNaming are named after]] songs in English (Wild Horses, Speak Like a Child), the only one that's not named after one exactly is "Stray Dog Strut" (a play off of "Stray Cat Strut").
** ''Anime/CowboyBebop'' is ''filled'' with these. During the course of the series, the main characters fight bounties named after Babe Ruth, Film/TheBluesBrothers, and [[Creator/{{Disney}} Huey, Dewey, and Louie]], and one clearly modeled after Creator/WoodyAllen and named after [[Film/BladeRunner Deckard]]. The episodes include the ''Franchise/{{Alien}}'' parody, the {{Blaxploitation}} episode (which features not only parodies of ''Film/FoxyBrown''/''Cleopatra Jones'', but also ''Film/{{Shaft}}'' and the SpaghettiWestern ''Film/{{Django}}''), and an homage to ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries''. And, of course, there's a strong influence from Westerns, as the title implies. And in one episode, the bounty head was one Baker Poncharello, named after the cops from ''[=CHiPs=]''. And the three old guys who randomly show up on every single planet (and the movie) are named [[AntonioCarlosJobim Antonio, Carlos, and Jobim.]]
* The opening of Chapter Three of ''Manga/HighSchoolOfTheDead'' features a blond, goateed gas station attendant standing at his cash register. He wears a white shirt, a red tie, and a nametag reading (in kanji) "Saimon". If all of this still doesn't [[Film/ShaunOfTheDead clue you in]], there's a cricket bat resting against the wall behind him.
* In Chapter 10 of the {{Yonkoma}} strip ''[[Manga/TouhouBougetsushou Inaba of the Moon & Inaba of the Earth]]'', one of the few official derivative works in the ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'' series, child historian Akyuu asks resident MoonRabbit Reisen if it was true that {{Youkai}} rabbits could [[KillerRabbit decapitate prey with their teeth]] and if their weakness was [[Film/MontyPythonAndTheHolyGrail Holy Hand Grenades.]] If that wasn't enough, the title of the strip translates to ''[[Literature/AliceInWonderland Vorpal Bunny]]'' and the hand grenade in question is spelled, in English, ''[[VideoGame/{{Wizardry}} HHG of Aunty Ock]]''. This, asked of a character whose game was inspired by a classic Japanese folk tale.
* Probably the strangest reference out of them all, ''[[Anime/DigimonAdventure02 Digimon]]'' season two had an episode that was one long shout out to the CthulhuMythos.
* The sixth episode of ''Anime/GunXSword'' opens with a parody of the opening to ''Film/PulpFiction''. Adding to the reference, the female robber in the pair is nicknamed "Honey Cherry", real first name Bunny; in ''Pulp Fiction'', the female robber is "Honey Bunny"...
* ''Manga/CromartieHighSchool'' has one student named Freddie, who looks an awful lot like Freddie Mercury from ''Music/{{Queen}}''. In the live-action movie adaptation, just to be certain everybody got it, they play a SuspiciouslySimilarSong version of "Another One Bites The Dust" when he appears on-screen.
* ''Manga/SgtFrog'':
** Giroro screaming "[[ThreeHundred This]] [[PunctuatedForEmphasis is!]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZfS6lXtGhA8 SPARTA!]]" as a battle cry. It's also an ActorAllusion when you realise [[Creator/JojiNakata who]] dubbed Leonidas in the Japanese dub of ''300''.
** Also, in the manga, Natsumi is seen with a Bubbles (from ''WesternAnimation/ThePowerpuffGirls'') keychain hanging from her bag. Then in the thirteenth volume, the chairman of the Pokopen Concealed Alien Friendship Association greatly resembles Blossom, Bubbles and Buttercup (connected by the hands to form a single entity.)
* ''Franchise/LupinIII'': Half of the premise is based on Western culture, so no surprise that each version has multiple references.
** In ''Anime/LupinIIIRedJacket'', one episode involved Lupin and Jigen breaking into some sort of government building. Two of the secret passwords to open the door are Music/{{Beatles}} references. (Strangely, the English dub replaces these with ''Franchise/StarTrek'' references.)
* In ''Anime/SecretOfCeruleanSand'', we see one of the guards reading ''Amazing'' Magazine.
* The first season of ''Anime/GhostInTheShellStandAloneComplex'' is chock-full of references to J. D. Salinger, particularly the story "The Laughing Man" and ''Literature/TheCatcherInTheRye''. The mysterious hacker at the center of the plot is apparently a fan; he took his name from the former and the quote in his logo from the latter.
* In ''Anime/{{Vandread}}'', Dita greets Hibiki (whom she believes to be an alien) with the hand signals from ''Close Encounters of the Third Kind''.
* In ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamWing Gundam Wing]]'', Relena compares Heero Yuy to Literature/TheLittlePrince. And that's not even going into all the references to ''Film/TheWizardOfOz''.
** The prologue of the manga ''Gundam F90'' has a transport ship named ''[[Franchise/StarTrek Kobayashi Maru]]'' destroyed by mysterious forces, foreshadowing the main plot.
** In ''[[Anime/MobileFighterGGundam G Gundam]]'', the Japanese warships are shaped like the Enterprise but with spherical main hulls; of course, the show's director is an unabashed ''Franchise/StarTrek'' fan, even putting himself in a ''[[Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration TNG]]''-era uniform in the second opening.
** ''Advance of Zeta'' names all of its experimental mobile suits for the characters of ''WatershipDown'', with Hazel being the primary Gundam and Woundwort being the SuperPrototype to end all Super Prototypes.
* Ama-warashi of ''Manga/XxxHOLiC'' wears a Victorian-style black dress and flies around using an umbrella, in a clear imitation of Film/MaryPoppins.
** The manga also has Yuuko making a reference to Casshern and Watanuki mistaking for a Franchise/StarWars. The translation notes at the end of the Del Rey edition go out of their way to point out that it was indeed that way in the Japanese language version as well.
* ''Manga/{{Bleach}}'' contains numerous references to the band Nirvana, of which the author is a fan, [[WordSaladTitle possibly including the title]] which was the title of one of their albums.
** This is an especially prevalent facet of the series in the early manga volumes, where Ichigo idolizes Al Pacino and Chad's theme song is "No Song Unheard" by the Hellacopters.
** Some later shadowy monsters in the anime are clearly the characters from the first wave of ''TransformersAnimated'' toys.
* ''Manga/OnePiece'' has NoCelebritiesWereHarmed version of several western celebrities including JimCarrey (Franky), Michael Jackson (Jango), and [[strike:possibly]] Eminem (Eneru). Emporio Invankov basically [[{{Expy}} just is]] [[TheRockyHorrorPictureShow Dr. Frank-N-Furter's]] [[EvilTwin Good Twin]].
* In ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'', Killer Bee (the eight tails' Jinchuriki) uses the phrase "[[UsefulNotes/MuhammadAli Fly like a butterfly...sting like a bee]]".
* ''LightNovel/{{Slayers}} Revolution'' has a pirate captain who looks like [[PiratesOfTheCaribbean Jack Sparrow]].
* ''Manga/MahouSenseiNegima'':
** There are several other examples besides the Colonel Sanders mentioned above. For example, when the characters are talking about the existence of TimeTravel, the background shows pictures of a Franchise/{{Terminator}} shortly after a time jump and the [[Franchise/BackToTheFuture DeLorean]]. In a later arc, when Akira and Natsumi are talking about their situation, Natsumi makes a censored reference to ''Film/TheMatrix'' when she mentions the possibility of being trapped in a Virtual Reality machine.
** The Cassiopeia TimeMachine itself was named after a mysterious time traveller's turtle from the German fantasy novel ''Literature/{{Momo}}'' by Creator/MichaelEnde. In fact there are several western literature referenced in the manga. For instance, Negi found ''[[Literature/EarthseaTrilogy A Wizard of Earthsea]]'' in a bookshop while he was looking for more novels with a mage hero.
** All the members of the treasure hunter group that Nodoka joins [[ShoutOutThemeNaming are named after characters]] in James P. Hogan's ''[[http://www.webscription.net/10.1125/Baen/0345301072/0345301072.htm Inherit the Stars]]''. Also featuring a rare ShoutOut to ''Film/{{Ghostbusters}}'': they're totally wearing proton packs.
** The BigBad's ultimate ability, "Code Of The Lifemaker", is also the name of a James Hogan [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_of_the_lifemaker novel]].
** At one point Tosaka is seen reading [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Baudelaire Walter Benjamin's translation of Charles Baudelaire.]]
** Haruna name drops ''[[Creator/HPLovecraft Cthulhu]]''.
** In the ''[[AlternateContinuity Negima?! Neo]]'' series, Asuna is obsessed with the Chupacabra of all things.
*** Also in ''Anime/NegimaSecondSeason'' there was a ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' parody. The style was more so chibi then straight SP however it was obviously a parody, down to the "Sayoth Park" sign and "Oh my god! [[TheyKilledKenny They killed]] [[CuteGhostGirl Sayo!]] You bastards!" scene.
*** One of the chalkboard gags in the first episode says (translated) "Huh? A friendly Werdna?" This is a reference to a bug in the first ''VideoGame/{{Wizardry}}'' game -- the final boss (Werdna), just like every other monster-encounter in the game, has a random chance of being "friendly" when the player encounters him, making the game UnwinnableByMistake if the player chooses not to fight him.
* Creator/KenAkamatsu's previous series, ''Manga/LoveHina'', had a lot of ''Franchise/StarWars'' {{Shout Out}}s. The license plate on Seta's van being "R2-D2", and lightsabers make several appearances.
* Creator/KenAkamatsu's post-''Negima'' series, ''Manga/UQHolder'', continues the trend. The second chapter features Touta claiming that he wants to be able to sing like Music/LouisArmstrong.
* In ''Anime/NerimaDaikonBrothers'', one of the villains is a ''very'' [[NoCelebritiesWereHarmed thinly veiled parody]] of Michael Jackson. He's building a theme park, dresses up like Peter Pan, insists on calling the female lead "Wendy", has a group of mooks that are basically mummies that dance "Thriller", and is revealed to have a fake nose which later falls off, revealing nothing but an empty hole. And a lot of ''those'' elements are taken directly from the infamous "Mr. Jefferson" episode of ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark''.
* In the ''Manga/{{Saki}}'' anime, the book that the title character was reading in the first episode is shown to be ''[[Literature/TheLordOfTheRings The]] [[strike:Lord]] [[JapaneseRanguage Rord]] [[Literature/TheLordOfTheRings of the Rings]]''.
* Miyako of ''Manga/HidamariSketch'' is able to quote Western classics like MotherGoose rhymes or ''Literature/TheGiftOfTheMagi'' at will, [[AdaptationExaggeration especially in the anime]]. Certainly, her co-tenants don't understand them at all.
* One episode of ''Anime/ShinkonGattaiGodannar'' has Shinobu telling to Anna the plot of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Miracle_of_Marcelino Marcelino Pan y Vino]], an old-ish Spanish book that is [[AdaptationDisplacement more popular for its film adaptation]].
* ''Manga/JoJosBizarreAdventure'':
** The series has so many Western music references, most from 1980s rock, that it's actually rare for anything from Japanese media to be referenced at all. Especially with character names like Robert E.O. (or REO) Speedwagon, Dire Straits, and Tom Petty.
** They even go meta; Joseph Joestar is seen listening to Music/TheBeatles "Get Back" on his cassette player twice, which is where the "[=JoJo=]" in the title comes from.
** For that matter, Stands were inspired by an issue of ''Franchise/XMen'' where Professor X fights the Shadow King using spectral avatars of themselves.
* ''Manga/MaisonIkkoku'':
** Tennis coach Shun Mitaka names his dog "[=McEnroe=]".
** There's a character who owns several dogs and is named Asuna [[Literature/{{Cujo}} Kuj]]ō. Might be a coincidence, since Kujō is a real surname that fits the NumericalThemeNaming.
* ''[[{{Kikaider}} Android Kikaider]]'' begins with a retelling of ''Literature/{{Pinocchio}}''...and the references to that story don't end there. Indeed, one reference is specifically to Disney's version of the story: Kikaider's conscience circuit is known as ''Gemini''. (Get it?)
* One bit in the seventh episode of ''MariaHolic'' references [=MasterCard's=] "priceless" commercial campaigns, complete with "priceless" in GratuitousEnglish.
* One of the ''SD Franchise/{{Gundam}}'' shorts is a full-on parody of ''WesternAnimation/WackyRaces'', with ''[[Anime/MobileSuitGundamZZ Gundam ZZ]]'' villains Yazan Gable and Gemon Bajack taking the places of Dick Dastardly and Muttley, complete with the costumes and gadget-laden car.
** It seems ''Wacky Races'' has enjoyed some cult popularity in Japan; apart from the Daicon IV video and SD Gundam, ''LightNovel/CatPlanetCuties'' also features an {{Expy}} of Muttley as the villain's sidekick.
* ''Anime/RedGarden'' has a reference to the [[{{Seinfeld}} Soup Nazi]], of all things. But the characters ''are'' Americans in New York, so why not.
* The last episode of ''Anime/NurseWitchKomugi'' featured a cameo of Luke and Blubber Bear in the Arkansas Chuggabug, late of ''WesternAnimation/WackyRaces''.
* ''Anime/EurekaSeven'':
** Virtually everything is a reference to some English-language cultural thing. Renton is named after the main character from ''Literature/{{Trainspotting}}'' and his last name, Thurston, is taken from Thurston Moore of SonicYouth. His father Adrock and his associates are based on the BeastieBoys, Jobs and Woz are named after Apple cofounders Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak, Dr. Greg "Bear" Eagan is named after Sci-Fi authors Creator/GregBear and Creator/GregEgan, Gidget and Moondoggie are named after the characters from the movie ''Gidget'', LFO, the show's mechs, are named after the British techno pioneers, Ray and Charles Beams are named after Ray and Charles Eames and maybe Ray Charles, every episode is named after a song...
** There's a mention of the Sacred King and the Lake of Niemi -- which are right out of ''The Golden Bough.''
* ''Manga/{{Akumetsu}}'':
** In one ShoutOut-crammed page of ''Manga/{{Akumetsu}}'', amongst all the various Japanese references, is...[[Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration Picard and the Enterprise]]?!
** He has "exceptional negotiation!"
** ''Akumetsu'' in general is crammed with references, almost entirely by virtue of Shou's weird taste (and possibly 'his' attempts at populism), but most of them are to Japanese television. Periodically a Cultural Cross Reference works its way in there, simply because whatever-it-is is big enough in Japan to contribute to the mood.
* In ''Manga/TheElectricTaleOfPikachu'' manga, Ash mentions offhandedly that he gives his Pokémon nicknames but never really uses them. Pikachu's nickname is Jean-Luc Pikachu; he even has a Starfleet insignia on his chest when this is revealed.
* While not prevalent in the animation, the visual style of much of the illustrations for the original ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam'''s supplementary materials, particularly ''MSV'', appears to be based on animated Soviet sci-fi shorts such as ''Animation/FiringRange''.
* ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'' has the RapidFireFisticuffs training technique called "Chestnuts Roasting on an Open Fire", the name of which is taken from the lyrics from "The Christmas Song" (written by Mel Tormé and Bob Wells, performed by Nat King Cole).
* ''Anime/{{Megazone 23}}'' Part 2 briefly features ''WesternAnimation/ThunderCats'' and ''WesternAnimation/SilverHawks'' pinball machines, and has "ComicBook/BlueDevil", [[Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz "Frank Baum", and "Dorothy"]] on computer screens.
* ''Manga/KareKano'':
** The manga contains a reference to the Creator/StephenKing novel and film ''Literature/{{Carrie}}'', using it as a visual-only metaphor for someone snapping under the strain of having perfectionist, controlling parents.
** One episode of the anime has characters playing [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nnhi6mnz4Lk Uno]], complete with licensed card images.
* In ''Manga/KimagureOrangeRoad'', there's a couple that's constantly quoting the "Wherefore art thou" dialogue from ''RomeoAndJuliet''. Surprisingly, this ''isn't'' a case of CulturalTranslation--- that's actually what they're reciting in Japanese.
* ''Manga/{{Eyeshield 21}}'':
** The Devil Bats are aghast when they see that Yamato Takeru has neutralized Sena's Devil Bat Ghost maneuver. "The Devil Bat Ghost...''busted''?!" Suzuna actually complains about this one. "Wait, who still makes ''Film/{{Ghostbusters}}'' jokes?"
** The Bando Spiders' uniforms are [[Franchise/SpiderMan red (with web pattern) and blue]]. Then again, Spidey ''did'' cross the Pacific [[Series/SpiderManJapan in the 70s]]...
* The entire point of ''Anime/PantyAndStockingWithGarterbelt'', with everything from animation styles to episodes to background details referencing something. The second episode alone is essentially a WholePlotReference to every USA High School film in existence, along with the "sex education" scene in ''Film/MeanGirls'' taken almost word-for-word, a doll that looks like a [[WesternAnimation/ThePowerpuffGirls Powerpuff Girl]], and Film/{{Ghostbusters}} equipment. Episode 10 includes a music video that homages dozens of Western songs and singers. The character Chuck even owes its existence to this, being one huge reference to GIR of ''WesternAnimation/InvaderZim''.
* A chapter in ''Manga/PrincessResurrection'' is very [[Franchise/BackToTheFuture Back to the Future-esque]] in its plot line complete with a car going up to 88mph.
* ''TwentiethCenturyBoys'' has a character mistake another for Hulk Hogan of all people. Although he does look like him in a way.
* ''Manga/StrawberryMarshmallow'': The BigFriendlyDog is named [[Music/RedHotChiliPeppers Frusciante]]. There are also some goldfish named after the members of Music/AphexTwin (which might possibly double as a Series/RedDwarf ShoutOut on the grounds that Lister owned robot goldfish named [[Music/TheBeatles Lennon and McCartney]]).
* ''Anime/MagicalPokaan'': The geek in the first episode is wearing a Series/RedDwarf tee shirt.
* ''Anime/SailorMoon'': Among other things, the episode "Loved and Chased: Luna's Worst Day Ever" contains several references to Gone With the Wind, which were oddly excised from TheNineties dub version. Also, Rei is a Music/MichaelJackson fan.
** Another episode had the HUD on Sailor Mercury's visor display "1. Protect the innocent. 2. Uphold the law. 3. Serve the public trust" which come from ''Franchise/{{Robocop}}''.
* ''LightNovel/HaiyoreNyarkoSan'' has this by default, being an AffectionateParody of the CthulhuMythos; however, more surprising are their repeated references to [[SanityMeter SAN points]] from ''TabletopGame/CallOfCthulhu''. And that's on top of things like the [[Franchise/BackToTheFuture Delorean]], the [[Film/MenInBlack neuralizer]] (and Creator/TommyLeeJones as Agent K), [[Creator/MontyPython unholy hand grenades]][[note]]Made explicit in the light novel, where Nyarko says King Arthur used them at Antioch and Mahiro says "That was Monty Python!"[[/note]], and [[Film/CastAway Wilson the volleyball]] showing up, as well as an episode where [[Film/MarsAttacks a song makes evil aliens' heads explode]].
* ''FrankenFran'' has, of all things it could possibly reference, [[spoiler:the FlyingSpaghettiMonster]] in one chapter.
* Shows up fairly often in ''WebComic/AxisPowersHetalia'':
** In one strip, England greets Japan wearing, of all things, the infamous [[http://i.gzn.jp/img/2007/07/31/harry_potter_t_shirt/harry_potter_t_shirt01.gif Harry Potter spoiler T-shirt]]. Japan, who is waiting for the Japanese release of the book, is horrified.
** In [[{{Manga/Hetaween2011}} the 2011 Halloween event]], Belgium advertises [[{{VideoGame/ThePath}} a certain new game from her place]]. On top of that, the price for the costume contest that makes up the event's plot is ''[[VideoGame/Uncharted3DrakesDeception Uncharted 3]]''.
** In a later [[Manga/HetaliaHetaween2013 Halloween event]], America's ImagineSpot is illustrated with ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' style art.
** In one drama CD, if you believe Japan, England apparantly [[Film/FinalDestination once had a vision that allowed him to save his colleagues from a bridge collapse, only for them to start dying in mysterious ways, with one of them frequently trying to kill him]].
* ''Manga/RurouniKenshin'' has several characters based off of ones from ''ComicBook/XMen'', such as Jin-E being modeled on Gambit. ''Kenshin'' creator Creator/NobuhiroWatsuki is a huge fan of ''X-Men'', and in fact heartily endorsed the alternate English title ''Samurai X'' for that reason.
* ''Anime/GirlsUndPanzer'' has the girls performing the MontyPython [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8qF51ApP5PA "Spam" sketch]] in the second OVA. There are also numerous "[[Film/KellysHeroes Sergeant Third Class Oddball]]" jokes.
* ''Anime/ZettaiKarenChildren'' included a FreezeFrameBonus in one scene where WebVideo/TheNostalgiaCritic and WebVideo/TheAngryVideoGameNerd appeared as background characters -- right next to each other, as well, leaving little doubt as to their true identities.
* ''LightNovel/RyuugajouNananaNoMaizoukin'' shows the eponymous CuteGhostGirl playing ''VideoGame/{{Terraria}}'' in the first episode.
* The 1980s ''Manga/OsomatsuKun'' series had a WholePlotReference to ''Film/TheGreatRace''.
* Given that it is a series made to have a big appeal in the West, ''Anime/SpaceDandy'' is full of these: from ''WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'' ("Is that your final Dandy?") to a disco-dancing alien named "[[Film/SaturdayNightFever Tohn Jravolta]]", to Dandy and Scarlet bonding over their love of Creator/ChuckNorris films (including the ''WesternAnimation/ChuckNorrisKarateKommandos'' cartoon, obscure even in the West!).
* ''Shounen Note'' has a reference to ''Franchise/StarWars'' when one of the characters appears as a jedi with a Darth Vader shadow, when he mentions he might be going to the dark side.
* ''Manga/SatouKashiNoDanganWaUchinukenai'':
** Mokuzu's explanation of being a [[OurMermaidsAreDifferent mermaid]] who needs to befriend someone within a certain period or she will turn into sea foam is right out of ''Literature/TheLittleMermaid'' (except without the romance). [[spoiler:Literally. She was lying about being a mermaid, not that anyone [[BlatantLies honestly believed her]]]].
** The last chapter references Franchise/{{Superman}} when [[spoiler:Mokuzu's teacher is crying about how he couldn't save her from [[OffingTheOffspring her father]]]].
* Kaori from ''Manga/YourLieInApril'' quotes ''ComicStrip/{{Peanuts}}'' multiple times. She even says Snoopy is the origin of one of the quotes.
* ''Manga/VideoGirlAi'': In chapter 6, Yota watches a movie starring Michael Kington, about a superhero wearing a dark cape and cowl. "Who—Who are you!?" "I'm Bat Man!" Bat Man beats up the thug before holding up his primary weapon, a super alloy bat. The emblem on his uniform shows two crossed bats. Though wearing a dark cape and cowl, the ears on his cowl are not meant to resemble a bat's ears, but rather, baseball bats! Because he's Bat Man! AHAHAHAHA!
* The opening to ''Manga/PrincessJellyfish'' references multiple western works, from ''Franchise/StarWars'' to ''Film/MaryPoppins''.
* In ''Manga/ToLoveRu Darkness'', [[WesternAnimation/AdventureTime Finn]] is visible as a toy in the background of one of the panels.
* In ''{{Manga/Barakamon}}'', a CD looking almost exactly like the classic 1976 Aerosmith album [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocks_(Aerosmith_album) Rocks]] can be seen when Sensei first enters his house in Episode 1.
* ''Anime/AngelBeats'': TK, who SpeaksInShoutOuts, occasionally references Western works as well as Japanese ([[Film/{{Terminator}} "I'll be back!"]]). The most obvious one comes near the end of the series, where he uses "Knockin' On Heaven's Door!" as a PreAsskickingOneLiner, and the rest of the cast {{Lampshades}} it: "That's a Creator/BobDylan song, right?" "Pretty appropriate for our situation, though!"
* ''Manga/SchoolLive'':
** Miki is seen reading ''Literature/TheStand'' before the Zombie Outbreak, though the anime changes it to [[BlandNameProduct Standard by Steppen King]].
** The Randall Corporation is a reference to a character (Randall Flagg) from the aforementioned novel.
** Kurumi's musings during the start of their "school trip" might seem to refer to ''Film/ThelmaAndLouise''.
** A poster of ''Series/TheWalkingDead'' Season 3 appears in a Radio Station.
** The movie shown at the mall in episode 5 at the outbreak of the ZombieApocalypse is called ''[[Film/IAmLegend I am Destiny]]''; the poster depicts a [[Literature/PetSematary dog among tombstones]].
** Some of the video games we see lying around in the manga are games like ''VideoGame/FallOut3'' and ''VideoGame/MadMax''.
* ''Manga/StopHibariKun'':
** The anime enjoys spoofing popular American media, including ''Franchise/{{Superman}}'' (episode 16) and ''Film/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'' (episode 32).
** The sub-plot in episode 16 involved a certain American director by the name of [[Creator/StevenSpielberg Steven]] [[Creator/GeorgeLucas Lucas]] [[Creator/FrancisFordCoppola Coppola]] Jr. directing a joint movie project titled [[Franchise/StarWars Space Wars: Revenge of the White Crocodile]].
* The preview for the ''[[Anime/KiddyGrade Kiddy Grade]]'' episode "Day/Off" features a narration that is almost certainly a knowing paraphrase of the famous quote from the film ''[[Film/FerrisBuellersDayOff Ferris Bueller's Day Off]]''.
-->Often, the grandest moments in life are revealed in the smallest of details. Those who pay attention should not miss them.
* The intro to ''Manga/MyLoveStory'' features a ''Film/KingKong'' reference. Takeo plays Kong, Suna is Ann, and Yamato is the pilot.

[[folder:Comic Books]]
* An issue of ''ComicBook/SpiderMan'' involving TimeTravel and alternate universes had the phrase ''Bad Wolf'' appear as a graffiti in one panel. ''Bad Wolf'' was the ArcWords in the first series of the new ''Series/DoctorWho''.
* One ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'' comic involved a war between two groups of aliens over the Gauls' super strength potion. One group was based on MickeyMouse, and their name was [[Creator/WaltDisney Talidsweny]]. The other one? [[{{Manga}} Nagma]]. [[TakeThat The Nagma are]] AlwaysChaoticEvil.
* The ComicBook/SuperYoungTeam of Franchise/TheDCU aren't that referential on the surface. But then you notice that Big Atomic Lantern Boy looks exactly like Hayashida from ''Manga/CromartieHighSchool''.
** Big Science Action is more appropriate in this case, though, because while they're all based on heroes from Japanese media, Senior Waveman is based on the super obscure Marine Boy. The others are more familiar; Ultimon is Ultraman, Boss Bosozoku and Boss Bishounen are based on Kaneda from ''Akira'' with elements of Comicbook/GhostRider, Goraiko is Anime/MyNeighborTotoro (though he was originally conceived as the Hulk CaptainErsatz in the Ultramarine Corps), etc.
* Apparently SelfDemonstrating/{{Deadpool}} [[http://ozbot.typepad.com/marvelflipside/2011/01/dating-deadpool-january.html is a fan of Naruto.]]
* The ''Franchise/JusticeLeagueOfAmerica'' series infamously has a scene in which the Martian Manhunter disguises himself as a young Japanese woman, and is recognized by Batman based on his alias. The name in question? ''[[Franchise/SailorMoon Hino Rei]]''.
* An issue in the ''ComicBook/SecretWars2015'' storyline [[http://vignette3.wikia.nocookie.net/kamenrider/images/7/7a/Wizard_Array_in_Comics.png showed]] ComicBook/IllyanaRasputin casting a spell using Series/KamenRiderWizard's trademark [[GeometricMagic magic circle]].
* A 1998 Marvel Comics had TheHulk [[http://jojo.wikia.com/wiki/File:HulkTheWorld.jpg get an armor]] that made him look suspiciously like The World, DIO's Stand from the third part of JojosBizarreAdventure.

[[folder:Fan Works]]
* [[http://www.fimfiction.net/user/kalash93 Kalash93 has quite a penchant for these.]]
* ''FanFic/RacerAndTheGeek'' has references to several things from the Russian armed forces. [[http://www.fimfiction.net/story/81159/1/racer-and-the-geek/predawn He includes things]] such as the [[ColorCodedForYourConvenience telnyashka]], soldatushki, [[IncrediblyLamePun the]] [[http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/SovietInvasionOfAfghanistan Afghneighnka]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghanka uniform]]], and several firearms references. And all starting in [[http://www.fimfiction.net/story/81159/1/racer-and-the-geek/predawn the very first chapter!]]

[[folder:Films -- Animation]]
* A significant subplot in ''Anime/WhisperOfTheHeart'' revolves around translating John Denver's "Take Me Home, Country Roads" into Japanese for a school performance.
* A [[Anime/MyNeighborTotoro Totoro]] doll appears at Bonnie's house in ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory3''. See [[http://studioghiblimovies.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/totoro3.jpg here]].

[[folder:Films -- Live-Action]]
* There's this cop movie from Hong Kong where a jaded veteran cop has accepted his lot, having been crippled in the line of duty but winding up with a promotion. He says that his daughter got him hooked on ''manga'', where he learned about something the subs called "fair trade". [[Manga/FullmetalAlchemist Think the actual translation might be "equivalent exchange"?]]
* ''Film/MrMagoriumsWonderEmporium'' has a ''Manga/SgtFrog'' doll appear.
* ''Sunny'' is a Korean film about a group of woman being reunited due to [[spoiler:the illness and later death of their friend]]. A large amount of it is flashbacks to them as high schoolers in TheEighties. There are multiple references to western media, especially the song "Sunny" by Boney M.

* The Japanese novelist Creator/HarukiMurakami does this a lot, and it's considered one of the distinguishing features of his popular style from more traditional Japanese literature. It also makes sense, as he lived in the U.S. for much of his life. Examples include:
** The novel ''Literature/NorwegianWood'' is named for the song by Music/TheBeatles, which plays a pivotal role in the story. (It's also a bit of a pun, since the song refers to "Wood" as in wood and the novel's title refers to "wood" as in a forest.)
** ''Literature/KafkaOnTheShore'': the title character is named after Creator/FranzKafka and the plot alludes to Theatre/OedipusRex, which are not so unusual for literature, but the novel also features Colonel Sanders (as a pimp!), and Johnnie Walker [[spoiler: as a cat-killer and possibly Kafka's father]].
** The title would also seem to be a riff on Philip Glass's ''Einstein on the Beach''.
* In the first ''Literature/NightWatch'' book, Anton briefly considers telling Egor he can be a [[Franchise/StarWars Jedi]] of the Light, but quickly decides it's a bad idea. He also specifically explains that Night Watch agents are different to {{Superman}}.
** Another book has a girl named Alita wearing a t-shirt of Battle Angel...[[Manga/{{Gunnm}} Alita]].
** 'Who is James Bond?' 'A mythological character.'
* Literature/TheCanterburyTales, written in the 14th century, has The Squire's Tale, about none other than Genghis Khan. Ironically, medieval Europeans knew of him, but not of many of the places he conquered.

[[folder:Live Action Television]]
* [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o_ls7Rxr7Zk This]] clip from an Israeili juvenile drama, where two kids are being InterrogatedForNothing, and are forced to feed their captor with names...from VideoGame/{{Tekken}}.

* ''[[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pkQXeSXMvww Ai Qing Bian Fu Xia]]'' by Alvin Kwok (Kwok Siu Lam) is a song about love.

[[folder:Tabletop Games]]
* An American example: ''TabletopGame/{{Twilight 2000}}'' has some of the early modules set in Poland after WW III. Some of the Polish gamers can't believe that this game exists.
** Not only exists, but is actually [[ShownTheirWork reasonably well researched]] as to the setting (by the often quite low standards of [=RPGs=] anyway), the frequent misspellings and {{Blind Idiot Translation}}s aside).
** An old computer game version used this setting.

* In-universe example: "''[[UncleTomsCabin The Little House of Uncle Thomas]]''" in ''TheKingAndI''.

[[folder:Video Games]]
* The Mad Butcher enemy from ''VideoGame/CastlevaniaOrderOfEcclesia'' looks an awful lot like Leatherface from ''Franchise/TheTexasChainsawMassacre''. He even has the chainsaw, despite the game taking place in the 19th century.
** Another good example from the same game is the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jersey_Devil Jersey Devil]] that shows up in the Agila Swamp.
* ''VideoGame/BattalionWars II'''s last boss was described by Kaiser Vlad as a "fully armed and operational mining spider". [[Franchise/StarWars You do the math]].
* The ''Franchise/FinalFantasy'' series has recurring minor characters known as Biggs (occasionally mistranslated as "Vicks") and Wedge, named after Luke Skywalker's fellow Red Squadron pilots in ''Franchise/StarWars''.
** In addition to "Biggs" and "Wedge," ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVIII'' had a character named "Piett" (as in The Imperial Admiral from ESB and [=RotJ=]) as well. The characters Nida (like "[[http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/Lorth_Needa Needa]]") and Martine (who was named "[[http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/Jan_Dodonna Dodonna]]" in the Japanese version) are also Star Wars references.
** There's also the [[GiantSpaceFleaFromNowhere final boss]] of the ninth game quotes Yoda: "Fear leads to anger, anger leads to hate, hate leads to suffering."
** Vicks, Wedge, and Piett also appear as part of a guessing game in ''VideoGame/ChronoTrigger''.
** Aside from Balthier's uncanny resemblance to Han Solo, ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXII'' also throws in several {{Homage Shot}}s to ''Franchise/StarWars''.
* While ''VideoGame/VivaPinata'' is native to Britain, the Ponocky species' PunnyName references the popular Japanese cookie snack Pocky.
* ''Franchise/ShinMegamiTensei'' tosses in a few of these. Possibly the most famous are a NoCelebritiesWereHarmed version of Michael Jackson and {{Lawyer Friendly Cameo}}s of Audrey Jr. and Betelgeuse in ''Shin Megami Tensei II'', but they take demons and other things from such diverse sources that they're hardly the only ones. Among others, the inhabitants of the Velvet Room in the ''Persona'' series have theme naming from ''Frankenstein'' that goes far deeper than the cursory knowledge one would expect, and ''Persona'''s Philemon is derived from a Jungian figure that's obscure in cultures you ''would'' expect to be familiar with his work.
* ''Franchise/TheLegendOfZelda'':
** At one point in ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaPhantomHourglass'', Link must go through a quiz to become an honorary member of the Goron village. This quiz is rather reminiscent of ''Series/WhoWantsToBeAMillionaire'', including the whole "final answer?" routine, increasing prizes for each question, and having a lifeline to eliminate one of the wrong answers. It's not a coincidence; there was indeed a Japanese version of ''Millionaire'' on Fuji TV.
** Even the very title character of ''Franchise/TheLegendOfZelda'' is a case of this: [[WordOfGod Word Of Miyamoto]] states that she was indeed named after Mrs. F. Scott Fitzgerald.
** Jo, Beth, Meg, and Amy from ''Literature/LittleWomen'' all show up in ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaOcarinaOfTime'' and ''[[VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaMajorasMask Majora's Mask]]'' as ghosts you kill.
** We all know of Princess Zelda but who is her counterpart in ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZeldaALinkBetweenWorlds''? Princess Hilda. ''ComicBook/SabrinaTheTeenageWitch'' was raised by her aunts Zelda and Hilda.
* The ''Franchise/MetalGear'' series contains so many {{Shout Out}}s to American and [[Film/JamesBond British]] action movies you could easily forget it was made in Japan. The surprise was ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolid4'' including a ShoutOut to ''Series/PoliceSquad''.
* When Gig of ''VideoGame/SoulNomadAndTheWorldEaters'' is asked about any of the other World Eaters, he responds by describing Superman, Martian Manhunter, a generic Green Lantern, and The Flash.
* ''VideoGame/EarthBound'' was made in Japan, but has a ''huge'' number of {{Shout Out}}s to Music/TheBeatles and others.
* In ''VideoGame/DragonAgeOrigins'' you are asked a riddle that begins 'The smallest lark can carry it...'. One of the multiple choices is 'A coconut'. However, ''Monty Python and the Holy Grail'' probably has more cultural penetration than any film you can think of. How often do you hear "I'm not dead", "It's just a flesh wound", etc. More than one game has sentinels asking "What is your name", "What is your quest" followed by something difficult. And the ancient game ''VideoGame/{{Wizardry}} 1'' has the Vorpal Bunny that had only a few hit points but could suddenly do 100 damage.
* The first ''VideoGame/SilentHill'' game, during a level in the school you can obtain a list of teachers, which reads: [[SonicYouth K. Gordon, T. Moore, L. Ranaldo, S. Shelley]]. A much larger [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silent_Hill_(video_game)#Influences_and_references list of references is available]] on ThatOtherWiki.
* ''VideoGame/{{Nostalgia}}'' features a minor pair of [=NPCs=], the newlywed Anastasia and Dmitri. Yes, like the Don Bluth ''Anastasia'' movie.
* ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'', given that it references ''[[ReferenceOverdosed everything]]'', inevitably contains this, ranging from the overt (a lot of the gameplay in ''Undefined Fantastic Object'' is one big ''SpaceInvaders'' reference) to the subtle (Flandre's theme music and one of her Spell Cards take their names from Creator/AgathaChristie's ''And Then There Were None'') and everything in between.
* In ''VideoGame/YoakeMaeYoriRuriiroNa: Moonlight Cradle'' (a collection of side-stories), there's a scene in which ''Stars and Stripes Forever'' appears as background music.
* The Quox in ''VideoGame/TheTowerOfDruaga'' is apparently named after a dragon from ''Tik-Tok of Oz''.
* ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'':
** There is a quest called "A Tiny, Clever Commander" featuring Commander Nazrim of the rat-like kobold race, all of which is a rather unexpected ShoutOut to ''VideoGame/{{Touhou}}'', specifically to Nazrin and her {{Leitmotif}}, "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jumPYqjkwaA A Tiny, Tiny, Clever Commander]]".
** The [[http://www.wowpedia.org/Singing_Pools Singing Pools]] in the ''Mist of Pandaria'' expansion are a fairly blatant ShoutOut to ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'', especially with the pandas running around.
** In one part of the game there is also a quest line that goes as follows, [[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann "See the Invisible", "Touch the Untouchable", "Break the Unbreakable", "Fight the Power"]].
* In ''VideoGame/TalesOfInnocence'', Iria's father comments that her siblings are called Monica, Ross and Gunther -- characters from ''Series/{{Friends}}''. Some actually believed this to be an attempt at {{Woolseyism}} by the game's {{fan translat|ion}}or, but when questioned about it, he confirmed that yes, that's in the Japanese script too. He was as surprised as anyone else.
* ''VideoGame/TheWitchAndTheHundredKnight'' has one of eponymous characters (the protagonist, though not the player character) named Music/{{Metallica}}. The localization took out the c to avoid lawsuits.
* ''VideoGame/AnimalCrossing'', despite being a Japanese game, has two different references to the 4th of July (American Independence Day):
** The villager Apollo, a bald eagle (the USA's national bird) whose birthday is on July 4. It's also speculated that his name (which, [[DubNameChange unlike most characters]], is the same in both the Japanese and English versions of the games) is a reference to Apollo 11, the first manned spacecraft to land on the moon.
** In the original game, July 4 is the anniversary of the opening of the town's train station. This "holiday" is celebrated with fireworks, Redd giving out balloons and pinwheels, and Tortimer giving you a model bottle rocket.
* Harle, one of the LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters in ''VideoGame/ChronoCross'', is apparently based on Harley Quinn from the ''ComicBook/{{Batman}}'' series. She even had the same color scheme in an early prototype.
* If you enter your name as "SOUTHPARK" in ''VideoGame/AoOni'' then the game's sprites will [[ArtShift be drawn in the South Park paper cutout style]], complete with plentiful references to the series with characters saying catchphrases from the show and rats eating the corpses of any of the characters who die.
* ''VideoGame/{{Splatterhouse}}: Wanpaku Graffiti'' was only released in Japan, yet most of its {{Boss Battle}}s reference American HorrorFilms.
* When you get to fighting the Big Red Dinosaur OG in ''VideoGame/SuperRobotWarsBX'', attack him with Flit. He'll say something along the lines of "Mass-murder under the guise of revenge. I too was a rabid revenger like you, until Fate woke me up with a mere arrow to my knee."

[[folder:Visual Novels]]
* In ''VisualNovel/SteinsGate'', the cast names their time-travelling e-mails "D-mails", short for "[=DeLorean=] Mail", explicitly after ''Film/BackToTheFuture''.
* ''VisualNovel/{{Clannad}}'':
** Kotomi is quite fond if this. Her often repeated "Day before yesterday I saw a rabbit, and yesterday a deer, and today, you." is a quote from [[http://www.scifi.com/scifiction/classics/classics_archive/young2/young21.html The Dandelion Girl]]. Also, for her MagicalGirl incantation, Kotomi uses an invocation from the De Vermis Mysteriis, a grimoire found in Creator/HPLovecraft's CthulhuMythos.
** When Tomoya asks Fuuko [[ItMakesSenseInContext to act like a zombie]], Fuuko acts like zombies in [[Music/MichaelJackson Thriller]]
* ''VisualNovel/HigurashiWhenTheyCry'':
** One of the club games is noted to be a "foreign game", and it becomes clear that they're playing a modified version of ''TabletopGame/{{Clue}}'' (with the board game's characters replaced by cards with the club member's names on them and instead of moving from one location to another to guess they just take turns).
** Keiichi helps Rena retrieve a discarded Kenta-kun doll (Colonel Sanders statue) from the dump [[ImTakingHerHomeWithMe because she thinks it's cute]].

[[folder:Web Comics]]
* ''Webcomic/DiceTheCubeThatChangesEverything'' is a KoreanWebtoon that references anything from ''Anime/DeathNote'' to ''Film/ThreeHundred''.
* Chinese YuriGenre webcomic ''Magan&Danai'' has the characters blatantly watching ''Series/{{Supernatural}}'' in one strip.
* Da-Jeong makes a reference to ''Literature/HarryPotter'' in ''Webcomic/TheFriendlyWinter'' however Min-Seong doesn't understand it.

[[folder:Western Animation]]
* ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'':
** Too many Japanese video game and anime characters to count appear in the "Imagination Land" three-parter. Among them include [[Anime/MyNeighborTotoro Totoro]] and [[Franchise/StreetFighter Akuma]].
** Totoro is also parodied extensively in "Mysterion Rises".
* An episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheTransformers'' has a ''Film/{{Godzilla 1998}}'' poster in the background. Reversing this, an episode of ''Anime/TransformersSuperGodMasterforce'', Shuta compares Ginrai to Franchise/{{Superman}}.
* ''WesternAnimation/BeastMachines'' had Jetstorm reference ''Franchise/{{Pokemon}}'s'' slogan, "GottaCatchThemAll". The tank drones were frequently shown with a single point moving from side to side in their visors, reminiscent of the Cylons in ''Series/{{Battlestar Galactica|2003}}''.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
** In one episode in which a new comic shop opens, Lisa is revealed to be a fan of ''ComicBook/{{Tintin}}'' and ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}''. Previous episodes referenced ''Series/MrBean'' and ''Franchise/HelloKitty''.
** One CouchGag has the family running in, {{Cosplay}}ing as various Japanese pop culture icons -- Maggie is [[Franchise/{{Pokemon}} Pikachu]], Lisa is Franchise/SailorMoon, Bart is Anime/AstroBoy, Marge is [[Anime/ScienceNinjaTeamGatchaman Jun the Swan]], and Homer is Series/{{Ultraman}}.
** Treehouse of Horror XXV ends with dozens of different Simpson families InTheStyleOf previous non-canon episodes, couch gags and various properties. Anime-styled Simpsons still have Maggie as Pikachu, but this time Bart is Manga/{{Naruto}}, Marge is [[Anime/{{Bleach}} Rangiku Matsumoto]], Lisa is [[Manga/AttackOnTitan Mikasa Ackerman]], Homer is [[Manga/OnePiece post-time skip Zoro]] and Santa's Little Helper is [[Anime/SpiritedAway Haku in dragon form]].
** Bumblebee Man was inspired by ''ElChapulinColorado'', and the channel he works at (Canal Ocho) is a subtle reference to ''Series/ElChavoDelOcho''.
* ''WesternAnimation/MegasXLR'' is pretty much one big Shout Out to the various anime that has made it to North America over the years, from ''Anime/CaptainHarlock'' to ''Anime/SailorMoon'', and even some that haven't, such as ''Anime/MobileSuitVictoryGundam''.
* A ''WesternAnimation/{{Ben10}}'' Holiday Special featured three kids from ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'': Konohamaru, Udon, and Noegi.
* ''TransformersAnimated'' director Derrick Wyatt cited ''ComicBook/ABCWarriors'' as his biggest influence in character design. He also said that Dirt Boss was based on the Lagann of ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann''.
* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheBraveAndTheBold'', Blue Beetle manifests a [[ThisIsADrill gigantic drill]] and holds it over his head in [[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann Gurren Lagann's]] trademark pose.
* In one sequence in an episode of ''WesternAnimation/CodenameKidsNextDoor'', Numbuh Four and the Delightful Kids fight over a package as [[Anime/DragonBallZ Goku and Frieza, respectively.]] The whole scene parodies the frequent transformation sequences, as when the Delightful Kids transform into a bigger, uglier, and more ferocious monster, Numbuh Four goes Super Saiyan....and only his hair grew longer.
* ''Anime/DragonBallZ'' is pretty common fodder for parody in western animation, being the basis of an episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheGrimAdventuresOfBillyAndMandy'' and one of the longer sequences in one of the ''WesternAnimation/ChannelChasers''.
* ''WesternAnimation/TeenTitans'':
** Beast Boy once got a part-time job in order to save up for [[Anime/{{FLCL}} a yellow Vespa with a white "T!" on a black circle in its front.]] The episode itself is just as surreal and nonsensical as the series it referenced.
** Along the same lines, in the episode where Robin breaks his arm, there was also a ridiculously-powerful being that emerged from his head and ended up the cause of trouble.
** In the episode where Robin uses a modified version of his costume with a cape that he can use as wings is an obvious shout out to ''[[Anime/ScienceNinjaTeamGatchaman Gatchaman]].''
** In another episode, Cyborg is dismantled, and Beast Boy tries to reassemble him. One of his attempts ends up turning Cyborg into a limbless version of GiantRobo. Complete with Beast Boy shrinking, standing on Cyborg's shoulder and taking Daisuke Kusama's appearance.
* ''WesternAnimation/MyLittlePonyFriendshipIsMagic'':
** With emphasis on the "Cultural" part of the trope, the episode "The Show Stoppers" involved a stage act with a Halloween-looking hanging display, with bats, spiders and ghosts - except the 'ghost' is a ''teruteru bozu''.
** In the episode "Trade Ya", one of the items offered for Twilight's books is a Daruma Doll, a Japanese luck charm.
** In "Scare Master", Fluttershy's "hosts" at the party are cutout drawings of pony versions of [[Manga/DragonBall Bulma]], Manga/SailorMoon, [[Manga/RevolutionaryGirlUtena Utena]], [[Manga/RanmaOneHalf Female Ranma]] and [[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion Rei]]
* The ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeague'' episode "Legends" starts off with the League fighting a robot that looks very much like an [[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion Eva Unit]]. It acts as the prologue to having four of them wake up in a [[UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks Silver Age]] AlternateDimension, extending the reference to the [[GainaxEnding ending]].
* Matt Burnett said of ''WesternAnimation/StevenUniverse''[[note]]which he writes for[[/note]] that if you find yourself wondering if it just reference an anime, the answer is almost always "yes". Of note, a scene near the end of [[Recap/StevenUniverseS1E38TheTest "The Test"]] when Steven passes a trial set up for him by the Crystal Gems is reminiscent of the infamous "Congratulations" scene from the end of ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion''. Another scene where Pearl fights is near-identical to a fight that happens in ''Anime/RevolutionaryGirlUtena''.
* The Christmas episode of ''WesternAnimation/PeppaPig'', a British show for preschoolers, had scenes where a bunch of cards are hanging near the ceiling. One of them is very obviously LightNovel/HaruhiSuzumiya.